Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Konfigurasi I

G G P

G

G

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Konfigurasi II

P G G

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Trade Off Biaya Dalam Merancang Jaringan SC : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Biaya Transportasi Inbound Biaya Transportasi Outbound Biaya Fasilitas Biaya Simpan Waktu Respon

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Beberapa Faktor Lingkungan Yang Harus Dipertimbangkan Dalam Merancang Jaringan SC

• Faktor ekonomi makro • Faktor sosial Politik • Faktor Teknologi • Faktor Keamanan

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Model-Model Untuk Perancangan Jaringan SC • Gravity Location Model • Model Lokasi dan Alokasi Dengan Batasan Kapasitas • Model Penentuan Lokasi dan Gudang Secara Simultan

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Gravity Location Model Variabel :
Ci : ongkos transportasi per unit per satuan jarak dari kandidat lokasi fasilitas (gudang atau pabrik) ke lokasi pasar i atau sumber pasokan i Vi : volume barang yang harus dipindahkan dari fasilitas (gudang atau pabrik) ke lokasi pasar i atau sumber pasokan i. (xi,yi) : koordinat lokasi pasar i atau sumber pasokan I Ji : jarak antara lokasi fasiltas (pabrik atau gudang) ke lokasi pasar i atau sumber pasokan i

ji = ( x0 − xi ) + ( y0 − yi )
2

2

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Gravity Location Model

TC =

i Untuk menghitung lokasi fasilitas (x,y) yang optimal untuk minimasi ongkos TC, maka dilakukan tiga langkah perhitungan 1. Hitung Jarak Ji 2. Tentukan Koordinat lokasi

C iV i j i

3.

CiViyi CiVixi ∑ ji ∑ ji i y on = i x on = CiVi CiVi ∑ ji ∑ ji i i Apabila 2 iterasi yang berurutan menghasilkan koordinat yang hampir sama, maka iterasi sudah optimal

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Gravity Location Model
Contoh : Sebuah perusahaan mempunyai 6 distributor yang masing-masing memiliki gudang lokal yang dipasok langsung dari pabrik. Perusahaan ingin mendirikan sebuah gudang regional untuk memasok ke-6 gudang lokal distributor. Demand untuk setiap distributor serta koordinat lokasi tiap distributor diberikan pada tabel di bawah ini. Tentukan koordinat lokasi gudang regional harus dibangun sehingga total biaya distribusi menjadi minimal.

Distributor
1 2 3 4 5 6

Xi
5 4 8 12 5 15

Yi
1 6 12 5 9 3

Vi
100 700 200 150 400 200

Ci
1.5 1.8 2.5 1.9 1.7 2.1

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Gravity Location Model

14 12 10 5, 9 8 6 4 15, 3 2 5, 1 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 4, 6 12, 5 8, 12

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Gravity Location Model
X0 Y0 X 0 0 0 0 0 0 Y 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Xi 5 4 8 12 5 15 Yi 1 6 12 5 9 3 Ji 5.09902 7.211103 14.42221 13 10.29563 15.29706 Vi 100 700 200 150 400 200 Ci 1.5 1.8 2.5 1.9 1.7 2.1 ViCiXi/Ji 147.0871 698.9222 277.3501 263.0769 330.2372 411.8439 2128.5 ViCiYi/Ji 29.41742 1048.383 416.0251 109.6154 594.4269 82.36878 2280.2 ViCi/Ji 29.41742 174.7306 34.66876 21.92308 66.04744 27.45626 354.2

X1 Y1

6.0 6.4

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Gravity Location Model
X1 Y1 X1 6 6 6 6 6 6 Y1 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.0 6.4 Xi 5 4 8 12 5 15 Yi 1 6 12 5 9 3 Ji 5.491812 2.039608 5.946427 6.161169 2.785678 9.620811 Vi 100 700 200 150 400 200 Ci 1.5 1.8 2.5 1.9 1.7 2.1 ViCiXi/Ji 136.5669 2471.063 672.6728 555.0895 1220.529 654.8305 5710.8 ViCiYi/Ji 27.31339 3706.595 1009.009 231.2873 2196.952 130.9661 7302.1 ViCi/Ji 27.31339 617.7658 84.0841 46.25746 244.1058 43.65536 1063.2

X2 Y2

5.4 6.9

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Gravity Location Model
X2 Y2 5.4 6.9

X2 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4

Y2 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9

Xi 5 4 8 12 5 15

Yi 1 6 12 5 9 3

Ji 5.913544 1.664332 5.724509 6.868042 2.137756 10.36195

Vi 100 700 200 150 400 200

Ci 1.5 1.8 2.5 1.9 1.7 2.1

ViCiXi/Ji 126.8275 3028.243 698.7499 497.9585 1590.453 607.9937 6550.2

ViCiYi/Ji 25.3655 4542.364 1048.125 207.4827 2862.815 121.5987 8807.8

ViCi/Ji 25.3655 757.0606 87.34374 41.49654 318.0906 40.53291 1269.9

X3 Y3

5.2 6.9

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Gravity Location Model
X3 Y3 5.2 6.9

X3 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2

Y3 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9

Xi 5 4 8 12 5 15

Yi 1 6 12 5 9 3

Ji 5.903389 1.5 5.818075 7.060453 2.109502 10.54751

Vi 100 700 200 150 400 200

Ci 1.5 1.8 2.5 1.9 1.7 2.1

ViCiXi/Ji 127.0457 3360 687.5126 484.3882 1611.755 597.2973 6868.0

ViCiYi/Ji 25.40913 5040 1031.269 201.8284 2901.158 119.4595 9319.1

ViCi/Ji 25.40913 840 85.93907 40.36568 322.3509 39.81982 1353.9

X4 Y4

5.1 6.9

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Gravity Location Model
X4 Y4 5.1 6.9

X4 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1

Y4 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9

Xi 5.0 4.0 8.0 12.0 5.0 15.0

Yi 1.0 6.0 12.0 5.0 9.0 3.0

Ji 5.9 1.4 5.9 7.2 2.1 10.6

Vi 100.0 700.0 200.0 150.0 400.0 200.0

Ci 1.5 1.8 2.5 1.9 1.7 2.1

ViCiXi/Ji ViCiYi/Ji ViCi/Ji 127.1 25.4 25.4 3546.1 5319.2 886.5 681.8 1022.7 85.2 477.9 199.1 39.8 1617.2 2911.0 323.4 592.1 118.4 39.5 7042.2 9595.8 1399.9

X5 Y5

5.0 6.9

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Gravity Location Model
X5 Y5 5.0 6.9

X5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0

Y5 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9

Xi 5.0 4.0 8.0 12.0 5.0 15.0

Yi 1.0 6.0 12.0 5.0 9.0 3.0

Ji 5.9 1.3 5.9 7.3 2.1 10.7

Vi 100.0 700.0 200.0 150.0 400.0 200.0

Ci 1.5 1.8 2.5 1.9 1.7 2.1

ViCiXi/Ji ViCiYi/Ji ViCi/Ji 127.1 25.4 25.4 3746.2 5619.3 936.6 676.0 1014.0 84.5 471.5 196.5 39.3 1619.0 2914.3 323.8 586.9 117.4 39.1 7226.8 9886.9 1448.7

X6 Y6

5.0 6.8

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Gravity Location Model
X6 Y6 5.0 6.8

X6 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0

Y6 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8

Xi 5.0 4.0 8.0 12.0 5.0 15.0

Yi 1.0 6.0 12.0 5.0 9.0 3.0

Ji 5.8 1.3 6.0 7.2 2.2 10.7

Vi 100.0 700.0 200.0 150.0 400.0 200.0

Ci 1.5 1.8 2.5 1.9 1.7 2.1

ViCiXi/Ji ViCiYi/Ji ViCi/Ji 129.3 25.9 25.9 3935.6 5903.4 983.9 666.3 999.4 83.3 473.2 197.2 39.4 1545.5 2781.8 309.1 588.9 117.8 39.3 7338.7 10025.4 1480.8

X7 Y7

5.0 6.8

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Gravity Location Model
14 12 10 5, 9 8 5, 6.8 6 4 15, 3 2 5, 1 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 4, 6 12, 5 8, 12

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Penentuan lokasi dan alokasi dengan mempertimbangkan kapasitas Fungsi Tujuan :
m   Min ∑  f i yi + ∑ cij xij    i =1  j =1  n

Batasan :

∑ ∑
y

n

x x
i

i =1 m

ij

= ≤

D K
i

j

∀ y
i

j

j = 1

ij

i

∈ { 0 ,1 }

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Penentuan lokasi dan alokasi dengan mempertimbangkan kapasitas Contoh :

Pabrik
Surabaya Pasuruan Gresik Tangerang Permintaan

Biaya Transportasi dan Fixed Cost Dari Pabrik ke Lokasi Pasar
Fixed 250 165 180 200 JTM 5 10 6 15 2000 JTG 10 12 9 7 1800 JB 15 17 14 4 1500 JKT 16 18 12 6 3000 SS 25 25 24 10 1700

Kapasitas
5000 3200 4000 4000

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Penentuan lokasi dan alokasi dengan mempertimbangkan kapasitas Contoh :

Pabrik Surabaya Pasuruan Gresik Tangerang

Yi 1 0 1 1

JTM 2000 0 0 0

JTG 0 0 1800 0

JB 0 0 0 1500

JKT 0 0 2200 800

SS 0 0 0 1700

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Model Penentuan Lokasi dan Gudang Secara Simultan

Min∑ f i yi + ∑ f w y w + ∑
i w i

∑c
w

iw iw

x + ∑ ∑ cwj xwj
w j

Kendala

∑ ∑ ∑ ∑

x x x
j

w

iw

≤ K −

i

y x

i

i

iw

j w

wj

= 0

wj

≤ K = D

y

w

x

w

wj

j

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Merancang Jaringan Supply Chain
Model Penentuan Lokasi dan Gudang Secara Simultan

P2

P3 P1 P1

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