Electrical Resonance

Prepared by:- T.K.Srinivas. Resonance:Resonance in AC circuits implies a special frequency determined by the values of the resistance, capacitance, and inductance. For series resonance the condition of resonance is straightforward and it is characterized by minimum impedance and zero phases. Parallel resonance, which is more common in electronic practice, requires a more careful definition.

Series Resonance:The resonance of a series RLC circuit occurs when the inductive and capacitive reactances are equal in magnitude but cancel each other because they are 180 degrees apart in phase. The sharp minimum in impedance which occurs is useful in tuning applications. The sharpness of the minimum depends on the value of R and is characterized by the "Q" of the circuit.

The resonant frequency can be defined in three different ways.Parallel Resonance:The resonance of a parallel RLC circuit is a bit more involved than the series resonance. which converge on the same expression as the series resonant frequency if the resistance of the circuit is small. .

the frequency set by the tank circuit is solely dependent upon the values of L and C. and not on the magnitudes of voltage or current present in the oscillations: Another use for resonance is in applications where the effects of greatly increased or decreased impedance at a particular frequency is desired. a parallel (tank) circuit is used for this purpose. this is not the case. As was noted before. thus acting as a sort of frequency "filter" to strain certain frequencies out of a mix of others. these particular circuits are called filters. exchanging energy between each other. employed in a variety of applications. the phenomenon of resonance appears to be a useless curiosity. A resonant circuit can be used to "block" (present high impedance toward) a frequency or range of frequencies. One use for resonance is to establish a condition of stable frequency in circuits designed to produce AC signals. and their design constitutes a discipline of study all by itself: . Usually. so can a tank circuit be used to stabilize the electrical frequency of an AC oscillator circuit. with the capacitor and inductor directly connected together. Just as a pendulum can be used to stabilize the frequency of a clock mechanism's oscillations. However. In fact.Applications of resonance:So far. or at most a nuisance to be avoided (especially if series resonance makes for a short-circuit across our AC voltage source!). Resonance is a very valuable property of reactive AC circuits.

Circuits designed to screen certain frequencies out of a mix of different frequencies are called filters.In essence. • Resonance can be exploited for its impedance properties: either dramatically increasing or decreasing impedance for certain frequencies. . this is how analog radio receiver tuner circuits work to filter. Conclusions:• Resonance can be employed to maintain AC circuit oscillations at a constant frequency. one station frequency out of the mix of different radio station frequency signals intercepted by the antenna. just as a pendulum can be used to maintain constant oscillation speed in a timekeeping mechanism. or select.

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