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Primary Sources A biographical picture of women’s soccer team in the early 80’s. <http://archives.l ibrary.wisc.

edu/uw-archives/exhibits/images/athletics/soccer.jpg> Women got the urge to feel the competitiveness in sports. They no longer played for goods sake anymore. Mitchell, Nicole. ” Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women.” Encyclope dia of Title IX and Sports. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood, 2007. ABC-CLIO eBook C ollection. Web. 7 Oct 2011. NCAA and AIAW was formed to govern women’s college sports. They contributed to the development of introducing championships games within colleges and giving the c ompetitive adrenalin. They sponsored tournaments for women’s sports in Division I through III. Mitchell, Nicole. ”National Association for Girls and Women in Sport.” Encyclopedia of Title IX and Sports. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood, 2007. ABC-CLIO eBook Colle ction. Web. 7 Oct 2011. I was able to get different quotes and perspectives of the first awards given to women. There were different associations developed to construct a type of prote ction to defend women’s rights. There were certain activities women could do befor e Title IX was introduced. Women no longer were able to play in recreation cente rs, but now in schools including colleges. Men were involved in certain sports w ith women like cheer. Picture of a women’s propaganda poster. <http://wp.stockton.edu/wgssconversations/ files/2011/01/Copy-of-Rosie_the_Riveter.jpg> This picture goes with a major point in my thesis on how women fought for their rights. Picture of women playing the first sports allowed after Title IX. <http://www.gi lderlehrman.org/historynow/03_2010/images/history6_large.jpg> Female participation in intercollegiate athletics has increased since Title IX w as enacted. In just four years, more than 800 women’s teams were added to intercol ligate sports. Scarlet Letter (Rutgers University Yearbook). 1995. 150. Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers UniversityLibraries. Date Accessed 15 July 2010. P rint. Picture of one of the first university women’s basketball team. In 1972 the first freshman class of women came to Rutgers College. This was the same year that Tit le IX legislation secured equal opportunities for women at educational instituti ons, which included participation in sports. Prior to 1972, Douglass College off ered the only women s sports available at Rutgers University. This website has p ictures of early basketball players in the college. Women’s rights movement. <http://washingtonhistoryonline.org/suffrage/images/parad eHeader.jpg> This is a picture of women marching to Washington D.C.. They are fighting for ba sic rights. This is the beginning of the fight to achieve women’s rights. It leads to Title IX. Secondary Sources Bell, Richard. “A History of Women in Sport Prior to Title IX.” The Sport Journal. U nited Sports Academy. 10/9/11 < http://www.thesportjournal.org/article/history-w omen-sport-prior-title-ix> This source helped me get to know the different opportunities that were given to women because of Title IX. Also on how women’s participation changed and how wome n’s athletics committee developed. “College Sport for Women.” College Sports Scholarships. 2001 – 2011. College Sports Sc holarships. 10/09/11. <http://www.collegesportsscholarships.com/title-ix.htm>. It gave me the different first female athletes that were able to succed in the a thletic career because of the college women’s rights in sports. It gave me the his tory of females that won their first gold medals in competitions and the same eq uality for scholarships as men. It also provided me with the information that Ti tle IX affected male’s athletics by giving them less opportunities in the number o

 

f teams. There was a slight change in the amount of male teams. “Get the Facts: Title IX & Athletics.” Independent Women s Forum. August 20, 2008. R . Gaull Silberman Center for Collegiate Studies. < http://www.iwf.org/campus/pri nter/20605.html>. This source explains the introduction of Title IX to different schools. There we re some schools that were able to comply with the reform and others did not want to make the change. Hanson, Katherine. “Title IX a brief history.” Womens Equity. Equity resource center . 10/09/11. <www.edc.org/WomensEquity.> This site explains how Title IX came to exist and what was happening to the wome n’s right movement before the reform. The origin of the reform lies an executive o rder that prohibits federal contractors from discriminating in employment on the basis on race, color, religion, or national origin. Women became encouraged to fight for their rights on the basis of college sports. Horrow , Ellen. “The evolution of women s college sports.” Usa today. 09/26/2001. U SA TODAY. 10/9/11.< http://www.usatoday.com/sports/college/2001-09-27-women-time line.htm>. This source helped me know what Title IX was. Congress passed Title IX, which pr ohibits gender discrimination by any school that receives federal funds. "Title IX at 35: Beyond the Headlines", National Coalition for Women and Girls i n Education, forthcoming. 10/09/11. <http://www.now.org/issues/title_ix/history. html>. There has been negative affects due to the admittance of allowing women partici pate in sports during college. Men have been against Title IX because how it has affected them. "Women s Rights Movement in the U.S.: Timeline of Events (1921-1979)." Infopleas e. © 2000–2007 Pearson Education, publishing as Infoplease. 27 Oct. 2011 <http://www.infoplease.com/spot/womenstimeline2.html>. This timeline helped me find information on the different events that took place during the women’s rights movements. It gave me information on June 10 Congress p asses the Equal Pay Act, making it illegal for employers to pay a woman less tha n what a man would receive for the same job. Executive Order 11375 expands Presi dent Lyndon Johnson s affirmative action policy of 1965 to cover discrimination based on gender. As a result, federal agencies and contractors must take active measures to ensure that women as well as minorities enjoy the same educational a nd employment opportunities as white males.