The Little Data Book on Gender 2011 | Workforce | Family Planning

From World Development Indicators

The Little
Data Book
on Gender

Demography
Education
Family planning and maternal health
Labor force and employment dynamics
Women’s political participation

2011

THE LITTLE
DATA BOOK
ON GENDER

Copyright © 2011 by the International Bank for
Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20433
U.S.A.
All rights reserved
Manufactured in the United States of America
First printing August 2011
ISBN: 978-0-8213-8881-5
eISBN: 978-0-8213-8882-2
DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-8881-5
SKU: 18881
The Little Data Book on Gender 2011 is a product of the Development
Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and
the Gender and Development Group of the World Bank.
Design by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, D.C
Cover design by Peter Grundy

Contents
Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Regional tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
East Asia and Pacific. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Europe and Central Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Low income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Low and middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233

Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234

The Little Data Book on Gender

2011

iii

Acknowledgments
The Little Data Book on Gender 2011 is a collaborative effort between the
Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and
the Gender and Development Group of the Poverty Reduction and Economic
Management Network.
The Little Data Book on Gender 2011 was prepared by Sulekha Patel, William
Prince, Shota Hatakeyama, and Masako Hiraga of the Development Data
Group and Nistha Sinha and Hippolyte Fofack of the Gender and Development
Group. The introduction was written by Stephen McGroarty, with inputs from
Nistha Sinha. Production of the book was coordinated by Azita Amjadi and
Alison Kwong. The book was typeset by Jomo Tariku. The work was carried
out under the management of Shaida Badiee and Pierella Paci. Staff from
External Affairs oversaw publication and dissemination of the book.

iv

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

Introduction
The Little Data Book on Gender 2011 is a quick reference for users interested
in gender statistics. It presents gender-disaggregated data for more than 200
countries in a straightforward, country-by-country reference on demography,
education, health, labor force, political participation, and the Millennium
Development Goals. Summary pages that cover regional and income group
aggregates are also included.
This second issue of The Little Data Book on Gender coincides with the
launch of the World Development Report 2012, the Bank's annual flagship
publication. This year's report looks at the facts and trends surrounding the
various dimensions of gender equality in the context of the development
process: although many women around the world continue to struggle with
gender-based disadvantages, much has changed for the better and at a
more rapid pace than ever before. But that progress needs to be expanded,
proctected, and deepened. While development has closed some gender gaps,
other gaps persist, including excess deaths of girls and women, disparities in
girls' schooling, unequal access to economic opportunities, and difference in
voice in households and society. The report argues that gender equality can
enhance productivity, improve development outcomes for the next generation,
and make insitutions more representative. For more information about this
landmark report, visit www.worldbank.org/wdr2012.
As part of its strategy to provide content when, where, and how users want it,
the World Bank now offers two new electronic products on gender. The World
Development Report 2012 mobile application for the iPadTM allows users to
browse and search the report by key message, keyword, topic, region, and
more. Overviews in multiple languages and other relevant content round out
the mobile application. Visit bit.ly/wdr2012app for more information. And for
those interested in mapping and graphing gender statistics, the new eAtlas
of Gender allows users to map and graph dozens of gender indicators over
time and across countries, and compare maps for two different indicators,
countries, regions, or years. Visit data.worldbank.org/atlas-gender.

The Little Data Book on Gender

2011

v

Data notes
The data in this book are for 1990, and 2009 or the most recent year unless
otherwise noted in the table or the Glossary.

Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless
otherwise noted.

Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income
economies only.

Figures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those
specified.

Symbols used:
..

indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot
be calculated because of missing data.

0 or 0.0

indicates zero or small enough that the number would round
to zero at the displayed number of decimal places.

$

indicates current U.S. dollars.

Lettered notes on some country tables can be found in the Notes on page 233.
Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for
smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country
(used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence
or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which
the authorities report separate social or economic statistics.
The selection of indicators in these pages includes some of those being
used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. For
more information about the eight goals—halving poverty and increasing
well-being by 2015—please see the other books in the World Development
Indicators 2011 family of products.

vi

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

Regional tables
The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical
regions and may differ from common geographic usage.
East Asia and Pacific
American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic
Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall
Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau,
Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand,
Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam
Europe and Central Asia
Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria,
Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania,
Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine,
Uzbekistan
Latin America and the Caribbean
Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia,
Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico,
Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St.
Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, República Bolivariana
de Venezuela
Middle East and North Africa
Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq,
Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West
Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen
South Asia
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri
Lanka
Sub-Saharan Africa
Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde,
Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo,
Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia,
Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar,
Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia,
Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles,
Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo,
Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

The Little Data Book on Gender

2011

1

World
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

6,855.2
62,363.4
9,097

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

937
67
..
..

63
..

93
45
..
75
79

105
54
..
86
88

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.3
..
..
57
..
..
50
400

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

52
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
35
..
69
..
..
..
49
45
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

2

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

935
71
..
..

67
..

105 109
67 69
28 26
87 89
87 92

2.5
54
..
61
..
82
65
260

81
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

76
60
..
..
..
..

52
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
77
..
..
..
48
37
..
..
..
..

19

78
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

73
52
..
..
..
..

East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

1,956.9
7,224.3
3,692

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

16.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

908
68
..
..

65
..

886
74
..
..

71
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

115 123
37 46
..
..
97 105
92
97

113
78
25
98
99

111
74
23
96
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6
..
..
75
..
..
48
200

1.9
19
..
77
..
91
89
89

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

69
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
37
..
50
..
..
..
66
67
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

17

The Little Data Book on Gender

84
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

80
67
..
..
..
..

64
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
91
..
..
..
62
52
..
..
..
..

80
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

77
52
..
..
..
..

18

2011

3

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

408.2
2,944.8
7,214

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

3.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

947
73
..
..

64
..

943
75
..
..

66
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

97
84
..
92
98

99
86
..
93
99

98
88
61
94
99

99
91
50
96
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
69

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

56
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
46
..
81
..
..
..
49
34
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

4

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.8
28
..
69
..
..
97
34

75
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

66
42
..
..
..
..

51 69
81 80
19 20
18
18
5.4 2.0
15
16
18 35
66 49
48
..
71
..
..
..
46
61
28
37
..
..
8.6 10.0
..
..
17.8 16.5

16

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

578.0
4,509.7
7,802

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

8.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

953
72
..
..

65
..

953
77
..
..

71
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

113
57
..
85
92

114
56
..
84
91

115
93
44
102
97

119
86
34
101
97

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.2
..
..
..
..
..
72
140

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

40
62
38
29
10.4
15
14
72
37
..
74
..
..
..
37
32
..
6.9
..
13.9

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.2
73
..
75
..
95
89
86

82
60
40
30
5.3
21
30
50

77
62
..
6.0
..
9.8

12

The Little Data Book on Gender

52 80
66 64
31 35
30 30
6.8 3.5
9
18
14 29
77
52
41
..
70
..
..
..
47 75
34 54
..
..
9.8 6.5
..
..
17.9 11.7

23

2011

5

Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

336.8
1,293.0
3,839

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

3.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

951
66
..
..

63
..

87 106
46
61
9
16
..
..
67 84

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.9
..
..
42
..
..
47
210

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

22 77
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
16
..
62
..
..
..
18 69
14 42
..
..
21.6 10.8
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

6

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

4

950
73
..
..

69
..

99 106
69 75
27 28
85
91
87 93

2.7
38
..
62
..
83
80
88

26 75
46 56
53 43
50 33
34.3 8.3
42
25
17
28
42
47
17
..
53
..
..
..
21 68
15
42
..
..
16.7 8.9
..
..
36.5 18.5

9

South Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

1,590.7
1,929.8
1,213

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

40.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

936
58
42
..

58
29

934
66
13
..

63
9

74
27
..
52
47

98
47
..
75
71

107
51
9
84
72

113
58
13
87
85

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.3
..
..
40
17
..
32
610

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

35
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13
..
90
..
..
..
34
30
..
4.5
..
8.2

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.8
75
..
51
13
70
47
290

85
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

81
64
..
3.7
..
8.2

6

The Little Data Book on Gender

35 82
13 20
87 80
..
..
42.7 13.1
70
47
14 20
16
32
18
..
93
..
..
..
33 78
25 58
..
..
5.7 4.1
..
..
11.5 10.3

20

2011

7

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

861.6
1,003.6
1,165

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

50.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

963
52
..
..

48
..

65
19
..
47
58

78
25
..
57
73

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.3
..
..
15
..
..
..
870

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

57
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
73
..
..
..
52
42
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

8

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

963
54
..
..

51
..

96 104
32 40
5
8
63
71
67 77

5.0
110
..
21
..
71
44
650

82
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

75
55
..
..
..
..

61
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
66
..
..
..
56
44
..
..
..
..

20

81
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

75
54
..
..
..
..

Income group tables
For operational and analytical purposes, the World Bank’s main criterion
for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Each
economy in The Little Data Book on Gender is classified as low income, middle
income, or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes
referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it
is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing
similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or
final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily
reflect development status.
Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $1,005 or less
in 2010.
Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than
$1,006 but less than $12,275. Lower middle-income and upper middleincome economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $3,975.
High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,276 or more.
Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union
of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria,
Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and
Spain.

The Little Data Book on Gender

2011

9

Low income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

816.8
416.8
510

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

964
53
..
..

51
..

965
59
..
..

67
22
..
..
52

81
30
..
..
66

102 108
36
42
5
8
64 69
68 75

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.6
..
..
23
..
..
..
860

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

65
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
73
..
..
..
61
56
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

10

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

56
..

4.2
96
..
33
..
67
41
590

87
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

82
68
..
..
..
..

66
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
89
..
..
..
62
53
..
..
..
..

20

84
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

80
63
..
..
..
..

Middle income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

4,915.5
18,504.2
3,764

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

930
66
..
..

62
..

925
71
..
..

67
..

97
42
..
77
79

110
52
..
89
89

107
68
25
91
88

110
70
24
93
94

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.3
..
..
58
..
..
46
350

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

52
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
33
..
73
..
..
..
48
44
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

The Little Data Book on Gender

2.4
51
..
66
..
85
71
210

82
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

77
60
..
..
..
..

50
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
33
..
71
..
..
..
47
34
..
..
..
..

79
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

74
51
..
..
..
..

18

2011

11

Lower middle income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

2,466.5
4,091.3
1,659

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

941
61
..
..

58
..

940
67
..
..

63
..

94
35
..
60
75

110
48
..
76
87

107
62
19
86
79

110
65
20
90
89

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.3
..
..
60
..
..
41
540

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

39
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
20
..
73
..
..
..
36
29
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

11

12

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

3.0
70
..
63
..
83
66
300

82
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

77
57
..
..
..
..

39 80
25
28
75
72
..
..
34.5 12.2
59 46
14
21
26 33
25
..
85
..
..
..
36
76
24 53
..
..
8.2 5.7
..
..
18.3 14.2

15

Upper middle income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

2,448.9
14,410.0
5,884

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

916
70
..
..

66
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

109
67
..
94
93

112
68
..
101
94

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6
..
..
52
..
..
..
110

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

61
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
38
..
66
..
..
..
57
57
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

14

The Little Data Book on Gender

899
75
..
..

70
..

109 112
92 88
47 38
100 100
99 99

1.9
29
..
75
..
95
96
60

83
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

77
63
..
..
..
..

59
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
70
..
..
..
56
45
..
..
..
..

78
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

73
49
..
..
..
..

19

2011

13

Low and middle income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

5,732.2
18,940.6
3,304

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

25.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

936
64
..
..

61
..

934
69
..
..

65
..

91 105
38 49
..
..
73 85
75 86

106
62
21
86
85

110
65
21
88
91

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.6
..
..
54
..
..
46
440

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

53
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
32
..
73
..
..
..
50
46
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

14

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

2.7
58
..
61
..
82
64
290

83
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

78
61
..
..
..
..

52
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
71
..
..
..
49
37
..
..
..
..

18

80
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

75
53
..
..
..
..

Euro area
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

331.6
12,792.9
38,580

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

946
80
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
100 100
..
..

105 106
106 107
66 55
101 100
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
11

1.6
8
..
..
..
..
..
7

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

73
..

42 69
84 80
16 20
14
16
5.5 1.4
7
8
21 42
72 50
40
79
75
..
..
..
38 64
37 46
..
..
13.6 7.0
51.5 50.4
28.2 18.2

12

The Little Data Book on Gender

946
83
..
..

78
..

49 65
88 80
12 20
9 12
1.5 0.7
3
4
12
37
84 58
47
78
73
..
..
..
44 59
33 38
..
..
9.6 9.2
39.8 36.7
20.9 21.2

26

2011

15

High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

1,123.0
43,411.3
38,657

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

947
79
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

102 103
92
91
..
..
..
..
99 99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8
..
..
70
..
..
..
15

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

16

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

72
..

49 73
86 82
14
18
..
..
5.6 1.1
5
6
19 39
76 55
43
74
69
..
..
..
46 68
44 49
..
..
6.8 5.4
20.7 27.2
14.2 12.2

12

949
83
..
..

77
..

101 102
100 100
77 63
97 98
99 99

1.7
19
..
..
..
..
..
15

52
70
89 84
11
16
..
..
2.2 0.6
3
4
12 34
85 62
47
71
77
..
..
..
48 64
39
42
..
..
7.7 8.3
23.8 25.3
15.8 18.7

23

Country tables
China
Unless otherwise noted, data for China do not include data for Hong Kong
SAR, China; Macao SAR, China; or Taiwan, China.

Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia
Montenegro declared independence from Serbia and Montenegro on June 3,
2006. Where available, data for each country are shown separately. However,
some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro; these
data are noted in the tables. Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia
from 1999 onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory
under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution
1244 (1999). Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29,
2009, and its data are shown where available.

The Little Data Book on Gender

2011

17

Afghanistan
South Asia

Low income

Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

30.6
9.5
330

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

943
41
..
..

41
..

22
11
1
14
..

39
21
3
41
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
8.0
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
..
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
..
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
..
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,700
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

18

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

32
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
18
..
..
12
100
..
29
24
..
..
..
..

4

943
44
..
..

44
..

83 123
28 58
1
6
21 55
..
..

6.5
111
39
23
..
36
24
1,400

84
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

79
59
..
..
..
..

33
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13
100
..
29
25
..
9.5
..
..

28

85
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

78
57
..
7.6
..
..

Albania
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
3.2
12.7
4,000

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

935
75
..
..

69
..

935
80
1
..

74
3

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100
85
9
..
..

99
93
8
..
..

117
73
23
89
99

121
72
15
90
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
48

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

51
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
37
35
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

29

The Little Data Book on Gender

1.9
17
10
69
..
97
99
31

74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

60
39
..
..
..
..

49
70
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
52
80
..
35 58
31 34
18.8 25.0
..
..
..
..
..
..

16

2011

19

Algeria
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

35.4
157.9
4,460

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

6.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
68
..
..

66
..

952
74
..
..

71
..

86 102
54
70
..
..
72 89
62 86

104
97
36
91
89

111
96
25
90
94

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.7
..
..
51
..
58
77
250

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

23 75
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
100
..
18
61
14 35
..
..
17.0 21.7
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

20

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

2

2.3
7
2
61
11
89
95
120

37 80
51 36
34 34
49
32
7.3 7.2
22 20
28 26
49 54
13
..
..
14
100
5
33
71
24 49
..
..
10.1 11.0
..
..
46.3 42.8

8

American Samoa
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
0.07
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)
Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..
..
..
..

..
..

..
..
..
..

..
..

100
95
..
..
..

98
91
..
..
..

..
..
35
..
..

..
..
21
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
99
97
2
3
..
..
0.3 0.1
0
4
45 43
25 52
42
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.7 3.6
..
..
11.8 12.0

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..

2011

21

Andorra
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.09
3.4
41,130

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
..
..
..

..
..

..
..
..
..

..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

90
84
12
104
..

89
78
9
99
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

22

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

1.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
47
..
71
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

54

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

Angola
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
19.0
75.2
3,960

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

54.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
44
..
..

40
..

971
50
..
25

46
..

79
..
0
..
..

86
..
1
..
..

114
..
..
..
66

141
..
..
..
81

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
7.2
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
..
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
..
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
..
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,000
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
100
..
69
64
..
..
..
..

5.6
162
..
..
..
80
47
610

90
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

83
74
..
..
..
..

15

The Little Data Book on Gender

75
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
100
..
69
62
..
..
..
..

88
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

82
71
..
..
..
..

39

2011

23

Antigua and Barbuda
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.09
0.94
10,610

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
76
..
..

71
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.7
..
..
53
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
83
16
14
0.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

24

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

0

..
..
..
..

..
..

97 103
111 110
20
9
93 96
99 98

..
..
..
..
..
100
100
..

..
78
21
15
0.7
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
1
5
93
51
..
..
13
60
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

11

..
..
..
..
..
4
26
68

..
..
..
..
..
..

Argentina
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

40.7
343.6
8,450

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

962
75
..
..

68
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

113
74
43
..
99

107
67
37
..
98

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.0
..
..
..
..
95
96
72

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

72
..

116 117
91 80
84 55
108 103
99 99

2.2
56
..
78
..
99
95
70

43 78
70 68
30 32
27
25
2.5 0.7
0
1
18 39
82 60
37
..
..
13
60
..
39
74
37 59
..
..
7.3 7.3
..
..
15.6 11.5

6

The Little Data Book on Gender

962
79
..
34

52 78
80 73
20
27
17 22
1.2 0.4
0
2
10 33
89 65
45
61
..
13
100
23
47 73
28
41
9.8 15.7
9.8 7.8
..
..
24.7 18.8

39

2011

25

Armenia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
3.1
9.6
3,090

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

937
71
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

96
92
..
..
..
..
..
..
100 100

100
97
94 92
57 44
100 96
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.5
..
..
56
..
..
..
51

1.7
35
10
53
13
93
100
29

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

61
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
37
18
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

36

26

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

65
..

78
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

56
35
..
..
..
..

873
77
3
36

71
8

60 75
60 62
40 38
40 36
17.1 7.6
49 39
8
25
43 35
45
..
..
..
..
24
39 55
23 38
..
..
35.0 21.9
..
..
69.4 47.2

9

Aruba
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.11
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)
Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

952
76
..
..

71
..

952
78
..
..

72
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

113
97
36
93
99

117
94
26
97
99

2.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

1.7
31
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
95 90
5
10
2
5
0.6 0.1
0
0
5
28
95
71
44
71
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.3 5.9
13.8 16.2
11.0 12.9

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

..
..
94 88
6
12
3
5
0.4 0.1
0
1
6 33
93 66
49
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.5 5.0
..
..
22.9 24.1

..

2011

27

Australia
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

22.3
956.9
43,740

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

948
80
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

106 106
132 132
38 33
..
..
..
..

106 107
130 135
94
71
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9
..
..
76
..
100
100
10

1.9
15
..
..
..
..
..
8

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

52
76
88 83
12
17
9 12
1.2 0.5
4
7
13 34
83 59
44
..
82
12
..
..
47
67
56 59
..
..
7.2 6.7
17.1 24.1
12.8 13.2

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

28

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

6

74
..

947
84
..
..

79
..

58 72
91 86
9
14
7
11
0.3 0.2
2
4
9
32
88 64
47
71
90
52
0
38
55 68
62 62
..
..
5.4 5.7
14.4 15.0
10.4 12.6

25

Austria
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

8.4
391.5
46,710

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

948
79
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

101 101
96 105
31 35
..
..
..
..

98 99
98 103
64 54
97
97
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5
..
..
..
..
100
100
10

1.4
12
..
..
..
..
..
5

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

43
70
86 86
9
12
11
7
5.2 1.9
9
7
20 49
70 44
42
..
..
16
100
..
42 68
58 64
..
..
3.6 3.0
18.5 18.4
3.8 3.8

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

72
..

12

The Little Data Book on Gender

948
83
..
..

77
..

53 68
89 85
11
16
8
9
2.5 1.8
5
5
11
37
83 58
47
81
..
16
100
29
51 65
49
57
..
..
4.5 5.0
21.0 19.7
9.4 10.5

28

2011

29

Azerbaijan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
8.9
46.0
5,180

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

939
70
..
..

61
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

110
88
19
94
..

111
87
28
96
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
64

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

59
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
55
45
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

30

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

862
73
5
25

68
9

95 96
101 98
19
19
91 92
100 100

2.3
33
12
51
23
77
88
38

74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

66
41
..
..
..
..

60
67
37 48
63
52
62
47
16.8 16.8
40
37
7
18
53 45
44
..
..
18
100
16
57 62
31 28
4.5 5.8
4.9 7.1
..
..
9.8 18.7

16

Bahamas, The
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.35
7.0
20,410

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

946
73
..
..

67
..

946
77
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

97
94
27
..
..

96
91
12
..
..

103 103
94
92
..
..
96 93
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6
..
..
62
..
..
99
55

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.0
30
..
..
..
98
99
49

64 79
89 84
10
15
..
..
0.7 0.3
2
9
5
24
93
67
50
52
..
8
100
..
57
70
40
51
..
..
12.2 12.1
40.1 22.6
19.5 14.3

4

The Little Data Book on Gender

71
..

68 79
91 83
10
17
..
..
0.3 0.1
1
5
4 28
96
67
49
..
..
13
60
..
58 69
34
41
..
..
14.0 14.4
..
..
21.7 16.7

12

2011

31

Bahrain
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.81
19.7
25,420

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
74
..
..

70
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

110
102
20
98
97

107
98
15
96
97

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7
..
..
53
..
..
94
25

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

32

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

28 88
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0
3
7 33
92 64
8
..
62
6
100
..
26 84
16
47
..
..
11.8 5.2
..
..
33.9 22.4

..

952
78
..
..

75
..

105 108
98 95
51a 52a
99 103
100 100

2.2
15
..
..
..
..
99
19

32
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
10
..
77
6
100
12
29
16
..
..
..
..

3

85
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

82
43
..
..
..
..

Bangladesh
South Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
164.4
104.5
640

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

49.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

954
55
62
9

53
47

954
68
20
13

66
16

66
12
1
..
38

78
24
7
..
52

97
45
6
63
77

93
40
10
58
74

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.4
..
73
40
18
26
10
870

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

61
..
..
..
..
85
9
2
20
..
..
12
100
..
61
57
..
1.9
..
2.3

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.3
75
66
53
17
51
24
340

89
..
..
..
..
54
16
25

87
75
..
2.0
..
2.8

10

The Little Data Book on Gender

59 83
12
15
87 85
87 85
60.1 9.7
68 42
13
15
19 43
20
..
..
12
100
10
56 80
46 60
6.4 25.7
7.0 3.4
..
..
13.6 8.0

19

2011

33

Barbados
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.26
3.5
13,500

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

965
77
..
..

72
..

965
80
..
..

75
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.7
..
..
55
..
100
..
120

1.5
42
..
..
..
100
100
64

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

62 78
91 85
9
15
9
14
0.6 1.0
6
7
14 29
70 56
47
60
..
12
100
..
48 65
39 44
..
..
20.2 10.3
61.3 55.3
40.5 21.8

66
90
10
10
0.2
3
8
78
51
..
..
12
100
..
59
39
..
9.4
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

34

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

4

10

78
80
20
18
0.0
4
26
62

72
49
..
6.8
..
..

Belarus
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
9.6
58.2
6,030

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

939
76
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

96 96
100 96
..
..
95 95
100 100

100a 98a
91a 89a
91 63
92 93
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
37

1.5
22
7
73
..
99
100
15

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

60
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
55
..
..
..
..
..
53
38
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

66
..

75
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

66
40
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

943
76
..
54

65
..

55 67
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9
15
24 33
64
37
56
..
..
18
100
..
49 60
31 36
11.2 12.1
..
..
..
..
..
..

32

2011

35

Belgium
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

10.9
493.5
45,420

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

949
79
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

101 100
102 101
37 38
82
76
..
..

103 104
106 109
74 59
89 85
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6
..
..
78
..
..
100
7

1.9
13
..
75
..
..
..
5

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

36
61
83 80
17 20
17
18
6.2 0.8
2
4
16 40
81 56
39
80
75
15
82
..
34 58
29 34
..
..
11.4 4.6
70.0 66.1
19.2 10.1

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

36

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

9

73
..

952
84
..
..

78
..

47
61
89 82
11
18
9
11
2.2 0.5
1
2
10 35
88 63
47
81
86
15
82
31
43 56
24 29
..
..
8.1 7.7
45.0 43.5
22.5 21.5

39

Belize
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.34
1.3
3,740

Lower middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

12.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

971
74
..
..

71
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

110
65
..
95
77

114
61
..
96
76

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.5
..
..
47
..
96
77
72

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

75
7

120 124
79 73
15
8
108 103
..
..

2.8
76
..
34
..
99
95
94

35 82
76 68
24
32
..
..
2.6 3.3
5 33
13
23
79
41
34
50
..
12
80
..
30
75
27 59
..
..
2.1 4.4
51.6 30.8
4.0 7.1

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

971
79
3
..

47
81
74
67
26 33
22
25
4.3 3.7
3
28
10 22
86 50
38
..
..
14
80
..
41 75
32 55
..
..
13.0 5.9
..
..
28.8 13.8

0

2011

37

Benin
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
9.2
6.9
750

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

47.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

961
55
..
..

53
..

961
63
65
23

37
9
1
12
27

70
22
4
27
55

114 129
26 46
..
..
53
71
43 65

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
790

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

57
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
21
..
..
14
100
..
57
55
..
0.6
..
0.7

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

38

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

3

61
64

5.4
106
34
17
30
84
74
410

89
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

88
79
..
2.2
..
2.5

67 78
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
100
..
67 77
58 55
76.0 72.8
..
..
..
..
..
..

8

Bermuda
High income
Population (milliona)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.6
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
78
..
..

70
..

..
82
..
..

76
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

92a
85a
47
..
..

91a
72a
18
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
49
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.3
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
7.5
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

..
..
..
..
..
0
3
97
49
..
92
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
3
21
77

..
..
..
..
..
..

..

2011

39

Bhutan
South Asia

Lower middle income

Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.71
1.4
1,920

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

26.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

962
54
..
..

51
..

962
68
..
28

43
..
..
20
..

71
..
..
28
..

110 108
61 62
5
8
92 85
68 80

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.9
..
..
19
..
..
15
940

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

45
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
43
31
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

40

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

2

65
..

2.6
48
..
35
..
88
71
200

67
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

66
46
..
..
..
..

53
71
18
52
25
19
76 39
51.7 21.3
63 33
6
24
32 44
17
..
..
..
..
..
52 69
40 50
..
..
3.3 3.0
..
..
7.2 5.5

9

Bolivia
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

10.0
18.0
1,790

Lower middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

14.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
61
51
19

57
51

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

102
..
..
64
92

110
..
..
78
96

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.9
..
24
30
23
46
43
510

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64
18

107 108
80 82
35 42
98 99
99 99

3.4
77
..
61
..
86
71
180

59 82
48 63
52
37
50 32
6.7 3.6
0
2
12 35
87 63
35
..
..
8
..
..
55
78
42
57
..
..
12.3 21.1
..
..
..
..

9

The Little Data Book on Gender

952
68
20
..

62 82
23 43
70
57
67 49
34.4 15.0
38 34
9
28
52 38
38
..
..
12
70
36
58 78
40 54
31.1 33.0
6.0 4.5
..
..
..
..

25

2011

41

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
3.8
18.0
4,790

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)
Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

42

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

933
74
..
..

62
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

1.7
..
..
..
..
..
97
18

53
67
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
37 48
14
19
..
..
21.6 15.5
..
..
..
..

..

933
78
..
..

73
..

110 108
92 90
42 32
..
..
100 100

1.2
15
6
36
23
99
100
9

55 68
73 73
27
28
..
..
10.4 2.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
36
..
..
..
..
..
40 52
22 23
9.5 11.7
27.1 21.8
..
..
51.9 44.7

17

Botswana
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
2.0
13.6
6,890

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

31.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

971
66
16
..

62
18

971
55
..
..

55
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

109 102
42 38
4
5
98
81
92 86

108
84
8
97
97

111
79
7
93
94

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

4.7
..
10
33
..
92
77
83

2.8
49
..
53
..
94
95
190

64 82
65
67
35 33
34
31
6.8 1.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
34
..
..
12
25
..
47 64
30
41
..
..
17.2 11.7
..
..
33.3 20.2

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

72
81
59 62
41 38
39 33
4.4 2.1
24 35
11
19
65 46
43
..
66
12
25
33
57 68
36 44
..
..
19.9 15.3
..
..
..
..

8

2011

43

Brazil
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

194.9
1,830.4
9,390

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

3.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
70
20
21

63
17

952
76
..
..

69
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

129 130
..
..
11
10
..
..
..
..

123
106
39
..
99

132
96
30
..
97

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.8
..
26
59
18
74
72
120

1.8
76
36
80
..
97
97
58

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

45
68
32
30
9.4
13
13
74
35
..
54
17
100
..
42
38
..
3.5
..
6.8

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

44

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

5

85
65
35
29
4.3
28
28
44

78
69
..
3.8
..
6.7

60 82
69 64
25 33
22
27
6.3 3.4
12
21
13 29
75 50
42
..
..
17
100
35
54 77
43 62
3.5 6.9
11.0 6.1
..
..
23.1 13.9

9

Brunei Darussalam
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.41
12.5
31,180

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

948
76
..
..

72
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

110
80
6
135
98

117
73
5
119
98

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.2
..
..
..
..
100
98
28

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

45
96
4
3
0.6
2
9
90
23
..
..
..
..
..
44
33
..
6.7
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

75
..

107 106
99
97
22 13
104 103
100 100

2.1
24
..
..
..
..
100
21

83
94
6
4
0.4
2
31
66

79
49
..
3.7
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

948
80
..
..

60
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
57
39
..
..
..
..

75
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

72
44
..
..
..
..

..

2011

45

Bulgaria
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
7.6
47.2
6,240

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

943
75
..
..

68
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

95
99
28
101
..

97
99
24
101
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
24

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

46

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

55 63
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
52
48
..
17
100
..
45 50
34 26
..
..
22.0 20.9
52.3 52.6
..
..

21

943
77
..
..

70
..

101 102
86 89
61 46
94 94
97 98

1.6
40
..
..
..
..
100
13

48
61
90 85
10
15
8
10
1.5 0.6
5
9
27 43
67 49
51
54
69
19
90
32
45
57
23 29
..
..
6.6 7.0
46.4 40.7
13.7 17.8

21

Burkina Faso
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
16.3
9.0
550

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

56.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

957
48
..
7

47
..

25
3
0
14
14

40
6
1
24
27

957
55
..
..

75a
19a
2
44a
33

52
..

83a
24a
5
50a
47

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.8
..
62
8
25
59
42
770

5.8
122
48
17
31
85
54
560

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

77
91
1
6
98 93
98
92
87.3 52.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
13
..
..
14
100
..
76 88
73
81
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

78
91
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
100
..
77 88
71 79
34.5 49.0
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

15

2011

47

Burundi
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
8.5
1.4
160

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

81.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
48
114
..

45
101

971
52
65
..

49
65

62
4
0
34
48

77
6
1
48
59

144
18
1
51
76

149
25
3
54
77

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
6.6
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
17
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
9
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
79
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
19
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,200
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

48

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

91
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
..
..
12
90
..
85
75
..
0.3
..
0.4

..

4.5
20
18
9
..
92
34
970

90
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

84
70
..
0.7
..
1.0

91 88
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
100
..
85
81
72 65
11.0 12.5
..
..
..
..
..
..

32

Cambodia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
14.1
10.7
760

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

28.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
57
..
..

53
..

952
63
20
24

60
20

96
..
0
..
..

119
..
2
..
..

113
36
5
79
86

120
44
9
80
89

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
690

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

78
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
100
..
77
74
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.9
38
23
51a
25
89a
71a
290

84
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

84
68
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

74
86
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
44
..
..
13
50
14
72
84
69
74
48.1 49.6
..
..
..
..
..
..

21

2011

49

Cameroon
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
20.0
23.2
1,160

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

9.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
57
75
18

89 103
20 29
..
..
52 56
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.9
..
58
16
22
79
58
680

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

48
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
100
..
45
33
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

50

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

53
64

14

971
52
72
24

51
73

106 122
38 45
8
10
67 80
77 89

4.5
123
36
29
3
82
63
600

83
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

76
55
..
..
..
..

54
81
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
100
..
50
74
33
51
43.4 43.5
3.3 2.5
..
..
..
..

14

Canada
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

34.2
1,415.4
41,950

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

949
81
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

103 104
100 99
99 80
..
..
..
..

98 99
101 103
72 53
96 96
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
6

1.6
13
..
..
..
..
100
12

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

74
..

58
76
90 82
10
18
..
..
0.9 0.2
2
5
12 34
85
61
47
70
..
17
57
..
52
67
58
57
..
..
8.1 8.2
6.2 8.0
11.0 13.5

13

The Little Data Book on Gender

949
84
..
..

79
..

63 73
89
81
11
19
..
..
0.2 0.1
1
3
10
32
89 65
50
68
..
18
55
36
58 66
60 56
..
..
7.0 9.4
7.4 8.1
12.4 18.0

25

2011

51

Cape Verde
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
0.51
1.6
3,160

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

21.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

971
68
..
..

63
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

109
20
0
51
86

116
20
0
57
90

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
230

2.7
77
18
61
..
98
78
94

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

42 86
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
39 79
42
70
..
..
22.6 23.3
..
..
42.1 40.7

54
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
50
39
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

52

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

12

971
74
..
..

69
..

94 102
88 75
17 13
87
87
99
97

21

81
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

75
58
..
..
..
..

Cayman Islands
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.06
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
..
..
..

..
..

..
..
..
..

..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

85
86
39
76
99

91
78
18
91
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
0
3
98
50
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12.2
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..
..
..
..
..
..
100
..

..
..
..
..
..
2
34
64

..
..
..
5.3
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

..
..
95
87
5
12
..
..
..
..
1
3
4 33
94 63
51
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.1 3.8
..
..
13.3 13.6

..

2011

53

Central African Republic
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
4.5
2.1
460

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

62.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
52
..
..

47
..

55
7
0
19
35

87
16
2
42
63

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
880

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

69
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
50
..
65
51
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

54

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

4

971
49
82
..

46
74

76a 107a
9a 16a
1
3
29a 51a
57 72

4.7
103
61
19
..
69
44
850

87
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

81
63
..
..
..
..

72
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
50
..
67
51
..
..
..
..

13

87
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

80
62
..
..
..
..

Chad
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
11.5
6.9
600

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

61.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
53
..
..

49
..

30
2
0
6
9

69
11
1
26
26

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
6.7
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
..
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
..
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
..
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,300
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

48
96

74 105
14 34
1
3
24 42
39 54

6.1
154
72
3
21
39
14
1,200

65
81
1
9
98 90
98 90
44.4 13.2
86 80
1
3
13
16
4
..
..
14
50
..
60
75
51 49
..
..
0.3 1.1
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

971
50
101
20

63 78
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
50
..
59 73
49
47
56.2 64.4
..
..
..
..
..
..

13

2011

55

Channel Islands
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.15
10.2
68,600

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

946
79
..
..

74
..

946
82
..
..

77
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

56

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

1.4
9
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

Chile
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

17.1
170.3
9,940

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

962
77
..
..

71
..

962
82
..
..

76
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

104 106
80
76
25 29
..
..
99 98

104
92
56
88
99

109
89
54
101
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6
..
..
56
..
95
99
56

1.9
57
..
64
..
..
100
26

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

32 77
77
71
20 28
..
..
..
..
6
25
14 30
80 44
37
50
..
18
100
..
29
72
20 45
..
..
5.7 5.7
27.2 14.7
12.4 13.4

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

42 73
74
72
26
28
24
25
2.7 1.0
6
15
11
31
83 54
36
56
..
18
100
24
37 67
19
31
..
..
10.7 9.1
..
..
24.4 21.5

14

2011

57

China
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
1,338.3
5,700.0
4,260

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

15.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)b
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

885
70
..
..

67
..

839
75
..
..

72
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15+)

122 135
33 44
..
..
..
..
91
97

115
81
25
..
99

111
76
24
..
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman) b
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) b
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.3
..
..
85
..
..
50
110

1.8
9
..
85
..
91
99
38

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

73
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
38
..
..
8
100
..
70
74
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

58

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

21

85
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

80
69
..
..
..
..

67
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13
100
17
65
59
..
..
..
..

21

80
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

76
53
..
..
..
..

Colombia
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

46.3
255.3
5,510

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

16.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)
Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

952
72

6

64
11

952
77
3
19

99
48
14
63
89

120 120
99 90
38 36
117 113
98
97

23

113
57
15

85
92

3.1
..
22
66
11
83
82
140

29
72
28
26
2.4
1

25
74
42

2.4
72
23
78
6
94
96
85

78
65
35
30
0.8
2
35
63

..
..
12
100
..
24
17
..
13.2

69
50
..
8.1
..
..
24.8 15.3

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

70
4

41 78
49 46
51 54
48
47
7.3 3.6
6
27
16 22
78
51
48
..
60
12
100
38
34
70
22 45
2.3 5.3
15.8 9.3
..
..
29.9 18.2

13

2011

59

Comoros
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
0.68
0.55
820

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

46.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
58
..
..

55
..

952
68
..
..

64
..

70 100
28
41
0
1
36 43
..
..

114
39
2
71
85

125
52
3
91
86

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
530

3.9
55
..
..
..
75
..
340

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

64
87
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
100
..
61 80
52 62
..
..
16.9 21.3
..
..
..
..

74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
100
..
69
50
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

60

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

0

3

85
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

80
56
..
..
..
..

Congo, Dem. Rep.
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
67.8
12.0
180

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

59.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
50
..
..

46
..

971
49
64
21

46
70

47
14
..
36
..

67
29
..
61
..

83
26
3
46
62

98
47
8
66
73

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

7.1
..
..
8
..
..
..
900

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

53
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
26
..
..
14
67
..
50
46
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.9
189
39
21
24
85
74
670

85
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

79
64
..
..
..
..

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

57
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
67
..
53
48
..
..
..
..

86
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

79
67
..
..
..
..

10

2011

61

Congo, Rep.
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
3.8
8.7
2,310

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

54.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

971
61
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

118 126
41 54
2
8
58 59
..
..

116 123
40 46
2
11
72 77
78
87

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
460

4.3
116
..
44
16
86
83
580

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

59
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
26
..
..
15
100
..
56
41
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

62

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

14

57
..

84
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

78
58
..
..
..
..

971
55
43
23

53
49

63 83
9 36
90 62
89 60
4.7 3.3
39
31
21 20
39 46
..
..
..
15
100
..
59 77
40 56
30.2 29.9
..
..
..
..
..
..

7

Costa Rica
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

4.6
30.5
6,580

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
78
..
..

73
..

952
82
..
..

77
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

101 102
44
42
..
..
81 77
..
..

109
99
28
97
99

110
93
23
95
98

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.2
..
..
75
..
95
98
35

1.9
64
..
80
..
90
99
44

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

33
78
22
21
6.3
6
24
69
37
53
74
17
100
..
31
31
..
5.9
13.9
10.0

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

84
67
33
26
4.7
34
27
39

79
65
..
4.1
8.4
7.6

11

The Little Data Book on Gender

45
75
25
20
2.6
4
13
82
42
..
70
16
100
30
42
33
3.5
6.2
..
13.4

80
71
29
19
0.9
17
27
56

76
54
8.1
4.1
..
9.6

39

2011

63

Côte d’Ivoire
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
21.6
23.0
1,070

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

23.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

978
60
58
15

56
71

978
59
..
..

57
..

56
..
1
30
38

79
..
4
50
60

66
..
6
39
61

81
..
11
54
72

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.3
..
44
11
27
83
45
690

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

43
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
100
..
42
36
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

6

4.5
120
35
13
29
85
57
470

88
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

81
65
..
..
..
..

51 82
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
100
..
49 78
40 59
43.6 47.7
..
..
..
..
..
..

9

Croatia
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

4.4
61.0
13,760

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

944
76
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

82 82
84
81
25 26
..
..
100 100

95 95
97 94
55 43
97
97
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6
..
..
..
..
..
100
8

1.5
13
..
..
..
100a
100a
14

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

47 69
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
43
..
..
..
..
..
41 62
25 29
..
..
11.2 11.1
..
..
38.6 41.5

46 60
80 77
20 23
18
16
3.9 0.9
15 13
16 39
68
47
45
59
77
59
100
26
41 56
20 30
..
..
10.2 8.0
61.0 50.8
27.2 18.5

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

69
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

944
80
1
24

73
1

24

2011

65

Cuba
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

11.2
62.2
5,550

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

946
77
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

98 103
101 89
25
18
..
..
..
..

103 104
89 90
149 88
98 98
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8
..
..
70
..
..
100
63

1.5
45
..
78
8
100
100
53

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

36
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
18
100
..
35
28
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

66

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

34

73
..

73
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

71
53
..
..
..
..

946
81
..
46

41
93
7
..
..
9
12
80
43
..
..
18
100
29
40
29
..
2.0
..
3.5

43

77
..

67
77
23
..
..
25
22
53

66
41
..
1.4
..
2.8

Curaçao
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.14
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
..
..
..

..
..

..
..
..
..

..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..

2011

67

Cyprus
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.88
24.4 c
30,460c

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

935
79
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

89 89
71
70
13
10
83 84
100 100

105 106
99 98
48 56
103 103
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
17

1.5
6
..
..
..
..
..
10

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

46
..
..
..
..
16
25
59
..
..
58
..
..
..
43
38
..
2.2
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

68

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

2

74
..

74
..
..
..
..
12
31
55

71
42
..
2.0
..
..

935
82
..
..

77
..

54
71
86 75
14
25
13
17
3.5 1.4
3
5
10 32
87 62
49
66
56
16
75
..
52
67
33 36
..
..
5.5 5.0
10.4 10.4
9.4 8.6

11

Czech Republic
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

10.5
188.3
17,870

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

945
75
..
..

68
..

945
80
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

96
88
14
93
..

96
97
18
91
..

103 104
96 94
71
51
99 99
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9
..
..
78
..
99
..
15

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.5
10
..
..
..
..
100
8

52
71
90 84
10
16
5
8
0.4 0.2
6
9
33
51
61 40
51
69
68
..
..
..
51
70
40 56
..
..
2.1 2.4
17.7 19.5
4.1 5.1

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

74
..

49 68
89 79
11
21
9
16
1.0 0.3
2
4
24 49
74
47
46
69
..
28
69
29
45 64
21 29
..
..
7.7 5.8
33.4 29.0
16.7 16.6

22

2011

69

Denmark
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

5.6
328.3
58,980

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

948
78
..
..

72
..

948
81
..
..

77
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

98 98
110 108
36 32
95 95
..
..

99
120
92
97
..

98
117
63
96
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.7
..
..
78
..
..
100
7

1.8
6
..
..
..
..
..
5

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

62 75
93 85
7
15
6
8
4.0 0.1
3
8
16
37
81 55
48
71
85
18
..
..
56 68
63 68
..
..
8.9 7.8
32.0 27.8
11.6 11.4

60
71
95
87
5 13
4
7
0.5 0.3
1
4
10 29
89 66
49
62
87
18
90
25
57 66
62
61
..
..
5.4 6.5
9.4 8.9
9.9 12.4

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

70

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

31

38

Djibouti
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.88
1.1
1,280

Lower middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

18.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

962
52
..
..

49
..

962
57
24
..

54
29

30
9
0
..
..

41
13
0
..
..

51
26
3
34
..

58
35
4
37
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
370

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

51
81
79
75
16
19
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
50
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
46.7 41.9
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.8
22
5
23
22
92
93
300

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

62
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
50
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

79
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

14

2011

71

Dominica
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.07
0.37
4,960

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
75
..
..

71
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

111
78
5
..
..

114
66
6
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.7
..
..
50
..
90
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

72

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..
..
70
57
28
41
23
32
2.9 3.0
13 40
13
27
71
31
40
..
..
9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.8 9.9
..
..
29.3 13.6

10

..
..
..
..

..
..

111 113
109 102
5
2
88 90
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
100
100
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
60
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

13

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

Dominican Republic
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

10.2
49.7
4,860

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

4.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
70
20
25

65
18

952
76
4
35

70
6

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

121
..
..
..
..

117
..
..
..
..

98
82
41
89
97

114
72
26
90
95

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.5
..
30
56
17
97
93
220

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

43 85
69 53
31
47
30 42
3.7 6.2
3
27
24
23
74 50
32
..
..
12
100
..
29
75
22
57
..
..
33.3 12.8
..
..
48.2 25.0

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.6
107
40
73
11
99
98
100

8

The Little Data Book on Gender

51 80
67
47
33 54
30 49
3.4 2.9
2
21
14 26
84 53
39
..
..
12
100
42
39 73
26 52
2.7 9.0
22.8 8.5
..
..
44.5 21.2

21

2011

73

Ecuador
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

13.8
62.1
4,510

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

5.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
71
26
..

66
25

952
78
5
..

72
5

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

119
59
23
92
96

121
57
34
92
97

118
77
45
107
97

117
74
39
105
97

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7
..
26
53
..
76
61
230

2.5
82
22
73
..
84
98
140

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

33 78
45 60
44 40
41 33
11.3 3.9
3
10
17 30
81 60
31
60
..
12
100
..
30 73
25
51
..
..
9.1 4.3
..
..
17.3 11.1

47 78
46 58
53
42
51
37
19.5 7.3
23 34
11
24
66 43
39
..
..
12
100
28
43
74
27 45
11.6 16.9
8.4 5.2
..
..
18.1 11.7

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

74

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

5

32

Egypt, Arab Rep.
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

84.5
197.9
2,340

Lower middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
64
36
12

62
25

78
59
10
59
54

94
78
18
81
71

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.6
..
27
48
20
52
37
220

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

27
50
51
46
32.8
52
10
38
21
..
68
7
100
..
21
14
..
17.9
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

69
5

99 103
66 68
24
31
95 98
82 88

2.8
44
17
60
9
74
79
82

74
57
43
24
9.6
35
24
41

71
35
..
5.2
..
..

4

The Little Data Book on Gender

952
72
5
12

22 75
48
61
52 39
49 22
33.9 8.7
46
28
6
27
49 44
19
..
76
13
100
11
18
71
11 43
4.3 11.5
22.9 5.2
..
..
47.9 17.2

2

2011

75

El Salvador
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

6.2
20.8
3,360

Lower middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

5.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
71
..
..

61
..

952
76
..
..

67
..

96
40
19
66
85

97
36
21
64
85

113
64
26
91
95

117
63
23
88
95

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.0
..
..
47
..
69
52
200

2.3
80
25
73
..
94
96
110

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

41 83
50 62
49
37
46
27
8.6 7.4
3
11
22 35
75 54
46
54
92
12
75
..
39
76
30 62
..
..
9.8 10.1
..
..
14.3 15.0

46 77
42 62
48 36
45
31
10.0 9.0
4
28
20 26
76 46
48
..
85
12
75
29
44 69
29 52
3.8 10.1
3.6 7.5
..
..
8.3 13.0

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

76

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

12

19

Equatorial Guinea
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.69
10.2
14,680

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

971
48
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

141 150
25
57
0
3
48 54
..
..

45
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
5.9
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
..
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
37
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
5
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,000
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

40
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11
..
..
12
75
..
36
38
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

The Little Data Book on Gender

971
52
..
..

82a
..
..
50a
98

49
..

84a
..
..
50a
98

5.3
120
..
..
..
..
..
280

92
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

85
78
..
..
..
..

40
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
75
..
37
41
..
..
..
..

92
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

85
78
..
..
..
..

10

2011

77

Eritrea
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
5.2
1.8
340

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
50
..
..

46
..

20
11
..
15
..

21
12
..
21
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
930

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

55
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
51
45
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

78

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

971
62
..
..

44
26
1a
43
86

58
..

53
37
3a
52
92

4.5
61
..
..
..
..
..
280

84
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

77
62
..
..
..
..

63
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9
..
..
59
46
..
..
..
..

22

83
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

77
59
..
..
..
..

Estonia
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

1.3
19.2
14,360

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

944
75
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

92 95
104 96
25
23
..
..
100 100

99 101
101 98
80 48
101 100
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.0
..
..
70
..
..
..
48

1.6
21
..
..
..
..
100
12

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

63
97
3
3
2.3
15
31
53
52
..
..
..
..
..
61
47
..
0.7
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

65
..

77
97
3
2
0.9
27
42
31

74
54
..
0.6
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

944
80
..
..

70
..

55 69
95 89
5
11
3
6
0.2 0.2
3
6
19
42
78 50
52
68
..
20
100
34
49
57
28 32
..
..
10.8 17.0
28.4 26.8
21.2 31.8

20

2011

79

Ethiopia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
85.0
32.4
380

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

39.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
48
..
..

45
..

971
57
56
23

54
56

29
12
0
18
28

44
16
1
28
39

98
30
2
53
33

107
39
5
57
56

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

7.1
..
..
5
..
..
..
990

5.2
63
49
15
34
28
6
470

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

72
91
2
4
24
70
96 89
72.6 20.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
100
..
64
87
62 79
..
..
1.6 1.1
..
..
3.0 1.9

81 90
43 49
44 42
56 48
12.7 7.8
10
9
20
25
64
76
47
56
..
13
100
20
74 88
68 77
47.1 64.3
29.9 12.1
..
..
29.4 19.5

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

80

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

28

Faeroe Islands
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.05
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
..
..
..

..
..

..
82
..
..

77
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
8
8
83
46
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.9
..
12.5

..
..
..
..
..
20
33
53

..
..
..
2.6
..
6.9

..

2011

81

Fiji
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
0.85
3.1
3,610

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

943
69
..
..

65
..

943
71
..
..

67
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

112
75
2
98
..

112
78
4
98
..

94
84
17
91
..

95
78
14
92
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.4
..
..
..
..
..
98
40

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

29
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
30
..
..
12
..
..
28
24
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

82

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

0

2.7
44
..
43
..
..
..
26

84
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

79
59
..
..
..
..

39 78
57 59
41 40
39 39
19.9 12.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
30
..
..
12
..
51
36 75
26 52
..
..
12.9 6.4
..
..
..
..

11

Finland
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

5.4
253.0
47,170

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

954
79
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

99 100
123 104
47
42
102 102
..
..

97 98
112 106
101 82
97
97
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8
..
..
77
..
100
100
7

1.9
9
..
..
..
..
..
8

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

59
89
11
..
1.1
7
17
76
51
67
77
15
80
..
55
46
..
2.6
8.4
8.3

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

32

The Little Data Book on Gender

71
..

72
81
20
..
1.7
11
42
47

65
51
..
3.5
9.7
9.4

954
83
..
..

77
..

57 65
91 82
9
18
7 12
0.4 0.7
3
6
10
37
87 56
51
64
84
21
70
30
53 59
43 40
..
..
7.5 8.9
14.7 18.2
18.8 22.0

43

2011

83

France
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

64.9
2,749.8
42,390

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

951
81
..
..

73
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

109
99
39
..
..

111
93
34
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8
..
..
81
..
99
99
13

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

84

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

46 65
87 82
13
18
11
11
5.5 0.9
5
6
17 39
78 55
45
79
79
16
84
..
41 60
29 36
..
..
12.2 7.2
40.0 35.5
23.9 15.3

7

951
85
..
..

78
..

108 109
113 113
62 49
..
..
..
..

2.0
7
..
77
..
..
..
8

51 62
93 86
7
14
5
8
1.0 0.3
2
4
10 34
87 62
49
80
82
16
100
38
46
57
29 34
..
..
9.3 8.9
35.3 35.6
21.7 23.4

19

French Polynesia
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.27
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
72
..
..

67
..

952
77
..
..

72
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

125 130
78
57
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

48
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.2
50
..
..
..
..
..
..

74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

48
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
43
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

66
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..

2011

85

Gabon
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
1.5
11.7
7,760

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

4.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

971
63
..
..

59
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

156
37
3
70
92

156
43
8
70
94

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
260

3.2
86
..
..
..
..
..
260

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

63 83
29 59
63 38
63
37
5.3 2.0
61 26
3
19
36 55
29
..
..
..
..
..
53 68
38 43
..
..
16.1 19.1
..
..
40.2 41.7

70
35
65
64
6.7
34
3
64
..
..
..
14
100
..
59
36
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

86

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

13

971
62
..
..

60
..

134 135
..
..
..
..
..
..
97 99

15

81
52
46
45
2.3
17
19
64

65
40
..
..
..
..

Gambia, The
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
1.8
0.77
440

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

34.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
53
..
..

50
..

47
12
..
32
..

75
25
..
60
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.1
..
..
12
..
..
44
750

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

71
..
..
..
..
77
1
20
21
..
..
..
..
..
66
58
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

86a
54a
0
73a
60

55
46

84a
57a
2
71a
71

5.0
73
36
..
..
98
57
400

86
..
..
..
..
54
11
35

80
59
..
..
..
..

8

The Little Data Book on Gender

971
58
39
..

71 85
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
100
..
66 79
57 59
52.3 33.9
..
..
..
..
..
..

8

2011

87

Georgia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
4.5d
12.0d
2,690d

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

14.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

929
74
..
..

67
..

902
75
4
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

97
94
35
..
..

97
96
38
..
..

108 108
88
92
28 23
104 110
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
58

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

60
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
51
24
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

88

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

68
5

1.6
43
17
47
..
94
98
48

78
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

66
32
..
..
..
..

55
35
65
65
37.9
57
4
39
46
56
61
..
..
33
46
14
29.9
16.1
..
40.7

7

74
37
63
62
19.6
51
17
33

61
28
33.6
16.8
..
32.4

Germany
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

81.6
3,537.2
43,330

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

948
79
..
..

72
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

99
99
30
100
..

98
101
40
99
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5
..
..
70
..
..
100
13

1.4
7
..
..
..
..
100
7

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

45 73
91 88
9 12
6
5
2.9 0.4
4
4
26 50
70 45
43
90
..
14
100
..
45 69
55 60
..
..
7.0 4.5
44.5 49.1
6.0 4.9

53
67
92 86
8
14
6
8
1.0 0.3
1
2
15
41
84
57
47
80
74
14
100
38
49
61
44
47
..
..
7.3 8.1
47.0 44.4
9.8 12.0

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

948
83
..
..

77
..

103 104
99 104
..
..
104 104
..
..

33

2011

89

Ghana
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
24.3
30.1
1,240

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

30.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

948
58
79
37

56
78

948
58
28
34

64
28
0
56
..

75
42
1
71
..

105 106
54
61
7
11
81 85
79
81

56
38

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.6
..
41
17
37
82
40
630

3.9
68
25
24
35
90
57
350

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

70 73
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
59 66
10
10
32
23
..
..
..
12
50
..
63
67
44 38
..
..
5.5 3.7
..
..
18.9 14.8

74 75
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
100
..
66 68
44
42
48.0 49.9
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

90

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

8

Gibraltar
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.03
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
..
..
..

..
..

..
..
..
..

..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
35
..
61
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.0
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
7.7
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
41
..
61
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..

2011

91

Greece
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

11.3
308.6
27,240

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

938
80
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

99 100
92 94
26
25
100 99
99 99

101 101
99 104
95
87
101 102
99 99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
6

1.5
11
..
..
..
..
..
2

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

92

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

75
..

36
67
52 53
48
47
46 40
27.7 4.8
30 20
17 33
52 46
35
61
79
15
100
..
30 63
24 38
..
..
11.7 4.2
55.9 39.9
32.6 15.1

7

939
83
..
..

78
..

43 65
69
61
31 39
27 28
9.7 3.3
12 12
9 30
79 59
42
68
..
17
100
27
37
61
17
27
..
..
13.1 6.9
45.6 34.4
33.9 19.4

17

Greenland
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.06
1.5
26,150

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
68
..
..

63
..

..
70
..
..

66
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
49
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.7 10.0
..
..
..
..

..

2011

93

Grenada
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.10
0.58
5,560

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
71
..
..

67
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

114
99
..
..
..

117
89
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.8
..
..
54
..
100
..
..

2.3
40
..
54
..
100
99
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
84
74
31
18
29
14
1.3 1.6
15
24
17 30
62 40
40
43
..
12
60
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
37.0 18.5
..
..
26.7 27.5

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
100
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

94

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

952
77
..
..

74
..

104 110
100 99
62 45
117 134
96 96

13

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

Guam
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.18
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)
Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

945
74
..
..

70
..

945
78
..
..

73
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

3.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

2.5
51
..
..
..
..
..
..

53 79
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4.5 4.3
..
..
16.1 16.4

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

52
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
43
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

77
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..

2011

95

Guatemala
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

14.4
39.3
2,740

Lower middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

16.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
65
47
..

59
44

952
74
..
..

67
..

75
23
..
..
71

86
26
..
..
82

110
55
18
77
84

117
58
18
83
89

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.6
..
41
23
..
..
29
140

4.0
105
..
54
..
..
51
110

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

39 88
68 46
32 54
30 53
9.1 14.4
3
18
22 34
75 49
37
..
..
11
100
..
38 85
31
76
..
..
3.1 1.6
..
..
6.0 3.0

48 88
39 49
61
51
58 45
21.4 15.5
16 44
21
24
63
32
43
..
..
12
100
..
46 85
39 75
11.7 24.5
2.4 1.5
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

96

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

7

12

Guinea
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
10.3
4.0
380

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

43.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

942
50
47
112 122
..

21
5
0
9
..

45
15
2
28
..

942
60
86
17

56
89

83
27
5
53
54

97
46
14
71
68

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
6.7
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
67
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
2
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
58
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
31
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,200

5.3
148
63
9
21
88
46
680

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

79
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
100
..
77
71
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

79 90
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
79 73
3
9
18
18
..
..
..
14
100
..
77
87
72 77
49.5 47.2
1.7 4.6
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

89
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

86
75
..
..
..
..

19

2011

97

Guinea-Bissau
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
1.6
0.89
540

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

48.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
45
..
..

42
..

971
50
88
..

47
110

36
3
0
3
..

65
7
1
7
..

..
..
..
..
64

..
..
..
..
78

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
5.9
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
..
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
..
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
..
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,200
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

98

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

59
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11
..
..
8
100
..
56
42
..
..
..
..

20

5.7
105
24
10
25
78
39
1,000

81
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

75
55
..
..
..
..

60 84
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9
100
..
56 78
45
61
48.1 52.8
..
..
..
..
..
..

10

Guyana
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.76
2.5
3,270

Lower middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

7.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)
Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

952
65
..
..

59
..

952
71
9
..

91
80
5
89
..

92
77
6
86
..

102 104
104 103
11
11
109 109
..
..

2.6
..
..
38
..
..
..
310

2.3
63
20
43
32
92
92
270

36 82
53
52
47 48
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13
..
..
31
75
23 58
..
..
18.1 8.4
..
..
38.3 20.8

37

The Little Data Book on Gender

65
9

45
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13
70
..
39
22
..
..
..
..

81
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

74
53
..
..
..
..

30

2011

99

Haiti
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
10.0
6.5
650

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

54.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
56
..
..

54
..

952
63
36
44

60
33

47
..
1
27
..

49
..
2
30
..

..
..
..
..
87

..
..
..
..
75

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.4
..
..
10
..
71
23
670

3.4
44
30
32
38
85
26
300

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

57
81
21
17
77
81
..
..
11.2 12.3
50
76
9
9
38 13
44
..
..
12
100
..
45 73
41 46
..
..
13.8 11.9
..
..
24.4 23.0

58 83
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
100
..
52 78
55 58
29.6 37.3
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

100

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

11

Honduras
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

7.6
14.3
1,880

Lower middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

23.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
69
..
..

64
..

952
75
9
26

70
8

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

108
36
8
61
..

107
30
10
67
..

116
72
22
93
95

116
57
15
87
93

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.1
..
..
47
..
88
45
210

3.2
90
39
65
17
92
67
110

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

41 88
49 50
51 50
50 48
6.3 11.3
6 65
23
15
71 20
33
59
..
10
100
..
39 84
29
71
..
..
6.2 4.4
..
..
8.6 10.5

40 80
46 48
54
52
52 49
11.1 12.1
10 48
22 22
68 30
34
..
..
12
100
41
39 78
28
57
4.1 13.3
2.9 2.9
..
..
11.2 5.2

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

10

The Little Data Book on Gender

18

2011

101

Hong Kong SAR, China
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

7.0
231.7
32,900

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

937
80
..
..

75
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

104
77
16
..
..

105
73
23
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.3
..
..
86
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

47
95
5
4
2.0
1
33
66
41
..
69
10
67
..
47
53
..
1.3
..
3.3

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

102

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

937
86
..
..

80
..

105 103
83
81
58 56
93 92
..
..

1.0
4
..
80
..
..
100
..

80
85
15
7
0.2
1
39
60

78
55
..
1.3
..
3.6

52 69
94 85
6
16
5
10
1.0 0.1
0
0
4
19
96 80
49
..
59
..
..
29
50 65
37 33
..
..
4.3 6.0
..
..
10.3 15.1

..

Hungary
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

10.0
129.9
12,990

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

943
74
..
..

65
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

90
87
15
90
99

91
87
14
89
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8
..
..
81
..
..
..
23

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

70
..

99 100
98 99
72 53
95 95
99 99

1.3
15
..
..
..
..
100
13

46 65
89
81
11
16
7
8
1.8 0.7
15
21
30 43
55 36
49
..
70
24
100
..
42 56
35 42
..
..
8.7 11.0
19.8 20.9
15.0 22.0

21

The Little Data Book on Gender

943
78
..
..

43 59
91 85
9
15
6
8
0.5 0.4
3
6
19
41
78 52
48
65
77
24
70
37
38 53
16
19
..
..
9.7 10.3
42.8 42.4
24.2 28.2

9

2011

103

Iceland
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.32
10.8
33,870

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

962
78
..
..

75
..

950
83
..
..

80
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

102
98
29
..
..

101
101
22
..
..

98
110
99
97
..

98
107
51
99
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
8

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

74
88
12
9
3.0
5
18
77
53
82
..
8
..
..
72
64
..
2.9
11.5
3.9

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

104

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

21

2.2
13
..
..
..
..
..
5

84
73
27
17
2.1
14
33
52

82
66
..
2.3
1.3
5.8

72 83
93 83
7
17
6
11
0.8 0.5
2
7
9 28
88 63
49
70
75
12
80
29
68
76
70 63
..
..
5.7 8.6
6.7 7.0
12.0 19.9

43

India
South Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
1,170.9
1,566.6
1,340

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

41.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

929
58
42
9

58
29

926
66
12
14

63
9

79 106
27
47
4
8
52
76
49
74

111
56
11
94
74

115
64
16
95
88

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.0
..
54
43
17
49
34
570

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

34
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13
..
..
12
100
..
33
28
..
3.9
..
8.0

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.7
82
47
54
13
75
53
230

84
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

81
63
..
3.6
..
8.4

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

33
81
11
18
89 82
89
81
38.2 13.1
71 49
14
21
15 30
18
..
..
12
100
..
31 78
22
57
4.2 4.2
5.1 4.1
..
..
10.8 10.4

11

2011

105

Indonesia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
232.5
599.1
2,580

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

18.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
63
35
13

60
36

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

116
44
8
..
95

121
52
12
..
97

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.1
..
34
50
14
76
32
620

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

50
..
..
..
..
56
12
31
29
..
..
12
100
..
48
37
..
2.7
..
8.9

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

106

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

12

952
73
12
13

69
13

119 123
79 80
23
24
110 109
99 100

2.1
44
22
57
9
93
75
240

81
..
..
..
..
56
15
30

79
55
..
2.8
..
9.0

52 86
32 34
68 66
67 62
32.4 8.1
39 40
15
21
46 39
32
..
..
12
100
22
48 80
33
51
..
..
8.5 7.5
..
..
23.0 21.6

18

Iran, Islamic Rep.
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

73.9
330.4
4,530

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
66
..
..

64
..

99
43
3
78
81

112
60
8
89
92

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.8
..
..
49
..
..
..
150

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

22
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11
..
76
12
67
..
18
15
..
24.4
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

70
..

102 103
81 85
38 35
101 101
99 99

1.8
28
..
79
..
98
97
30

80
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

72
49
..
9.5
..
..

2

The Little Data Book on Gender

952
73
..
..

32 73
47 54
53 46
52 40
29.7 4.8
31
19
27 33
42
47
16
..
..
13
67
16
27
67
23
42
..
..
16.8 9.1
..
..
33.9 20.2

3

2011

107

Iraq
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

32.3
74.9
2,320

Lower middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

4.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

939
72
..
..

58
..

939
72
7
11

65
6

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

97
35
9
52
..

115
54
14
63
..

94
44
12
54
80

111
59
19
73
85

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.0
..
..
14
..
..
54
93

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

11
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8
100
..
8
3
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

108

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

11

3.9
93
17
50
..
84
80
75

73
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

60
38
..
..
..
..

14 69
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
51
17
4 22
46
61
12
..
..
9
100
..
10 58
3
31
11.3 17.9
22.5 16.2
..
..
..
..

25

Ireland
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

4.5
182.5
40,990

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

935
77
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

103 102
104 95
26 29
103 103
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

72
..

2.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
6

77
..

105 104
121 115
66 55
97 96
..
..

2.1
14
..
65
..
..
..
3

35
71
89 68
12 32
10
25
3.5 2.0
4
21
18 33
77 46
42
70
69
14
70
..
30 60
35 40
..
..
14.9 13.7
56.8 71.1
18.2 20.9

8

The Little Data Book on Gender

935
82
..
..

54 73
93
74
8 26
5
18
0.9 0.7
1
8
9
31
89 60
49
77
..
18
70
31
50 62
41 39
..
..
8.0 14.7
21.7 32.1
17.3 30.9

15

2011

109

Isle of Man
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.08
4.0
49,300

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
80
..
..

74
..

..
..
..
..

..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.3
..
5.9

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

110

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
4.7
..
9.0

..
..
..
..
..
1
4
95
..
..
71
..
..
..
..
..
..
2.0
..
5.1

..

..
..
..
..
..
3
24
73

..
..
..
2.8
..
9.5

Israel
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

7.6
207.2
27,340

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

949
78
..
..

75
..

950
84
..
..

80
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

97
93
32
..
..

94
88
33
..
..

112
90
71
103
..

110
88
54
101
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.8
..
..
68
..
..
99
12

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.0
14
..
..
..
..
..
7

42 64
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2
5
15 36
82 58
43
..
..
12
75
..
37 58
26
32
..
..
11.3 8.4
..
..
23.4 21.0

7

The Little Data Book on Gender

52 63
92 83
8
17
5
9
0.3 0.1
1
3
10 30
89
67
49
73
..
12
100
30
48 58
34 30
..
..
7.6 7.6
25.0 32.3
13.9 15.7

19

2011

111

Italy
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

60.6
2,125.8
35,090

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

941
80
..
..

74
..

941
84
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

98
79
29
99
..

98
79
30
99
..

103 104
100 101
79 56
104 104
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
10

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

112

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

35 66
76
70
24
31
24 29
7.4 2.2
9
9
23
37
68 55
36
71
..
21
80
..
30 62
28 39
..
..
15.7 6.4
70.7 68.6
37.8 26.2

13

79
..

1.4
6
..
..
..
..
..
5

38
61
82
71
19 29
15
21
2.2 1.1
3
4
15 39
82
57
44
78
..
20
80
33
35 56
18 28
..
..
9.3 6.8
46.9 42.0
28.7 23.3

21

Jamaica
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

2.7
12.9
4,750

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
73
..
..

69
..

952
75
6
..

69
5

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

103 103
72 68
..
..
98 92
..
..

92
93
33
90
98

95
89
15
88
92

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.9
..
..
55
..
98
79
66

2.4
74
9
..
..
91
95
89

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

65 80
61
52
38
47
37 46
4.5 2.1
16 36
12
25
72 39
47
..
..
12
100
..
52 73
29
51
..
..
23.1 9.3
27.8 21.4
46.9 19.1

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

56
74
67 55
33 45
31
41
2.1 0.4
10 28
7
24
83 48
48
..
..
12
100
59
48
67
24
37
8.3 11.3
14.8 8.5
..
..
33.1 22.5

13

2011

113

Japan
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

127.4
5,369.1
42,150

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

947
82
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

99 99
97 95
23 35
101 100
..
..

102 102
101 101
55 62
102 102
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5
..
..
58
..
..
100
12

1.4
5
..
54
..
..
100
6

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

50 77
72
81
27
19
26
15
16.7 2.5
9
6
27 39
64 55
38
..
41
14
60
..
50
76
43 42
..
..
2.2 2.0
8.8 26.2
4.1 4.5

48 72
87 86
12
13
11
10
6.9 1.1
4
4
17 35
78 60
42
70
60
14
60
10
46 68
40 39
..
..
4.7 5.3
18.8 34.8
8.0 10.1

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

114

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

1

76
..

947
86
..
..

11

80
..

Jordan
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

6.1
26.5
4,350

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
69
6
..

65
6

952
75
7
11

71
3

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

105 106
82 78
24
19
98
97
..
..

97
90
43
99
99

97
87
39
99
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.5
..
16
40
22
80
87
110

3.4
25
10
59
11
99
99
59

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

15
71
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4
7
8
18
87
75
11
..
57
6
50
..
11 60
2
31
..
..
30.0 18.1
..
..
..
..

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

23
74
95
81
5
19
3
11
0.5 0.5
2
3
10
21
88 75
16
..
61
10
100
..
18
67
5 32
..
..
24.1 10.3
..
..
45.9 22.6

11

2011

115

Kazakhstan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
16.3
121.4
7,440

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

939
73
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

118 118
96 94
40
32
103 103
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
78

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

62
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
56
41
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

116

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

64
..

939
74
4
..

64
5

109a
97a
47a
108a
100

109a
100a
32a
107a
100

2.6
28
7
51
..
100
100
45

78
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

72
50
..
..
..
..

66
65
35
34
0.9
29
12
59
50
..
70
18
..
38
61
41
2.8
7.5
..
8.2

18

76
68
33
30
0.6
31
26
43

72
47
4.4
5.6
..
6.8

Kenya
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
40.9
31.8
780

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

19.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
62
33
33

58
35

971
55
25
..

54
27

99 102
36 45
1
2
..
..
..
..

111
56
3
89
94

114
62
5
91
92

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.0
..
32
27
36
77
50
380

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

75
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
21
..
73
8
..
..
67
58
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

4.9
99
26
46
..
92
44
530

90
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

81
68
..
..
..
..

1

The Little Data Book on Gender

76
..
..
..
..
68
2
30
..
..
..
8
100
..
69
57
..
..
..
..

88
..
..
..
..
55
11
35

80
64
..
..
..
..

10

2011

117

Kiribati
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
0.10
0.20
2,010

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

55
..

..
63
..
..

59
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

116 114
36 39
..
..
102 100
..
..

119
89
..
118
..

114
81
..
118
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.0
..
..
..
..
88
72
..

3.4
..
..
22
..
..
63
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

0

118

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..
59
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
39
..
..
12
25
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

4

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

Korea, Dem. Rep.
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
24.0
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
74
..
..

67
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.4
..
..
62
..
..
..
270

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

55
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
41
..
..
..
..
..
54
43
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

21

The Little Data Book on Gender

952
70
..
..

65
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
100 100

1.9
1
..
..
..
..
..
250

80
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

77
53
..
..
..
..

55
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
52
35
..
..
..
..

78
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

72
43
..
..
..
..

15

2011

119

Korea, Rep.
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

48.9
972.3
19,890

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

896
76
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

107 105
90 95
23 49
100 99
..
..

103 105
95 99
82 117
101 102
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6
..
..
79
..
..
98
18

1.3
4
..
80
..
..
..
18

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

47
57
43
..
24.5
20
30
50
38
59
50
..
..
..
46
40
..
1.8
0.9
5.5

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

120

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

2

67
..

73
63
37
..
2.5
16
39
45

72
33
..
2.9
3.3
9.5

911
84
..
..

77
..

50 72
70 68
30
32
27
23
12.5 1.2
8
7
15
32
77
61
42
59
57
13
100
8
49 69
29 22
..
..
3.0 4.1
0.3 0.6
8.5 11.9

16

Kosovo
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
1.8
6.0
3,300

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
70
..
..

66
..

..
72
..
..

68
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

2.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
56.4 40.7
79.8 82.8
..
..

..

2011

121

Kuwait
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

2.9
117.0
43,920

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

971
77
..
..

73
..

971
80
..
..

76
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

91
81
16
56
..

92
85
9
58
..

94
91
27
93
99

96
89
12
94
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.5
..
..
35
..
..
..
10

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

36
..
..
..
..
0
2
98
..
..
..
10
100
..
36
21
..
2.6
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

122

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

2.2
14
..
..
..
..
..
9

82
..
..
..
..
2
33
65

81
38
..
1.7
..
..

45 83
100
97
1
3
0
3
0.0 0.0
0
4
2
27
97 69
..
..
..
10
100
..
44
81
21 36
..
..
1.8 2.0
..
..
10.0 11.8

8

Kyrgyz Republic
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
5.4
4.7
880

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

948
73
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

111 109
102 103
26 20
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
77

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

58
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
52
37
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64
..

62
8

95 95
85 84
58 44
95 94
100 100

2.8
34
10
48
1
97
98
81

74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

68
44
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

944
72
4
..

55 79
52 50
48 50
47
47
19.3 8.8
35
37
11 26
54
37
51
..
..
18
100
35
50 73
31
51
4.6 5.8
9.4 7.3
..
..
16.2 13.6

23

2011

123

Lao PDR
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
6.4
6.5
1,000

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

33.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
56
..
..

53
..

952
67
..
..

64
..

89
19
1
36
..

112
28
2
46
..

106
39
12
71
79

117
48
15
78
89

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
6.0
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
..
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
19
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
..
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
..
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,200
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

124

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

80
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
100
..
79
80
..
..
..
..

6

3.4
35
..
38
..
35
20
580

83
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

81
64
..
..
..
..

78 79
..
..
..
..
..
..
64.2 26.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
50
..
..
12
70
..
77 78
70 54
..
..
1.4 1.3
..
..
..
..

25

Latvia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
2.2
26.1
11,620

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

953
75
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

98
91
93
92
29 20
..
..
100 100

97 100
93 92
87 48
90 96
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
57

1.3
16
..
..
..
..
100
20

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

63
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
52
..
..
..
..
..
54
40
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64
..

77
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

65
45
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

957
78
..
..

68
..

54
70
92 86
9
14
7
9
1.3 1.6
6 12
16 35
78 54
53
59
77
16
100
41
47 56
26
31
..
..
14.0 20.4
26.0 27.1
27.9 38.3

20

2011

125

Lebanon
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

4.3
38.4
9,020

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
71
..
..

66
..

952
74
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

96
62
27
..
..

99
59
29
..
..

102 104
87 78
57 48
87 83
99 98

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
52

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

20
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5
100
..
17
15
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

126

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

0

70
..

1.8
16
..
58
..
96
98
26

72
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

67
38
..
..
..
..

22 72
82 56
18 44
16
32
5.9 4.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7
100
..
20 66
14 32
..
..
10.1 8.6
..
..
21.5 22.3

3

Lesotho
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
2.1
2.2
1,080

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

43.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

971
61
..
..

57
..

971
46
19
37

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

119
29
1
75
..

98
20
1
41
..

104 105
52 38
4
3
79 59
98 86

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.9
..
..
23
..
91
50
370

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

68 83
38 62
23
18
48 33
25.9 15.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
39 60
29 49
..
..
7.8 11.1
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.3
68
23
47
31
92
62
530

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

45
22

71
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
0
52
48
34
..
..
..
..

78
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

62
50
..
..
..
..

24

2011

127

Liberia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
4.1
0.78
190

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

83.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

948
50
93
..

47
89

948
60
64
30

57
62

..
..
1
..
54

..
..
4
..
66

86
..
..
53
81

96
..
..
63
70

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
6.5
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
48
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
6
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
83
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
58
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,100
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

128

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

65
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
62
57
..
..
..
..

..

5.8
135
38
11
36
79
46
990

78
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

72
59
..
..
..
..

67
76
8
25
92 73
90
71
56.2 38.9
49
47
1
4
13
17
..
..
..
..
..
..
64
71
56 56
37.1 37.8
4.2 6.8
..
..
3.7 5.7

13

Libya
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

6.5
77.1
12,020

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

947
70
..
..

66
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

105
68
14
..
96

112
79
17
..
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
100

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

15
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7
50
..
13
13
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

72
..

108 113
101 86
..
..
..
..
100 100

2.6
3
..
..
..
..
..
64

75
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

69
41
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

944
77
..
..

25
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7
50
..
21
13
..
..
..
..

79
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

73
43
..
..
..
..

8

2011

129

Liechtenstein
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.04
4.9
136,540

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
..
..
..

..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8
80
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

130

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

4

..
85
..
..

81
..

110 108
98 112
22
47
101 114
..
..

1.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
39
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

24

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

Lithuania
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
3.3
37.8
11,400

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

949
76
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

89 95
83 86
27 39
..
..
100 100

96 98
99 99
96 63
94 98
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
34

1.5
18
..
..
..
..
100
13

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

59
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
55
..
..
..
..
..
50
34
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

66
..

74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

62
38
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

956
79
..
..

68
..

50 62
90 85
10
15
8
11
2.1 1.4
7 12
18
37
75
51
53
60
71
18
100
40
45 52
17 20
..
..
10.4 17.1
26.8 21.0
21.7 35.2

19

2011

131

Luxembourg
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.51
40.3
79,510

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

941
79
..
..

72
..

941
83
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

94
70
1
..
..

87
68
3
..
..

101 100
98 95
11
9
85 83
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
6

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

132

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

34 68
90 89
11
11
9
8
4.1 0.5
3
3
8
42
89 55
..
87
62
14
100
..
35 68
48 54
..
..
2.4 1.2
33.3 60.0
4.7 2.7

13

78
..

1.6
9
..
..
..
..
..
17

48 63
93 90
7
10
6
6
1.1 0.5
1
2
4
18
87
71
43
81
73
16
100
..
45
61
21
25
..
..
6.1 4.4
26.1 19.9
17.8 16.7

20

Macao SAR, China
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.55
21.3
39,520

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
79
..
..

74
..

952
83
..
..

79
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

98 104
64 58
18 46
97
97
..
..

97 102
90 94
60 66
95 102
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

1.0
4
..
..
..
..
100
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

45
..
..
..
..
0
50
49
43
..
67
..
..
..
44
45
..
4.0
..
3.3

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

72
..
..
..
..
0
37
63

70
46
..
2.5
..
4.0

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

64
95
5
3
1.4
0
12
88
48
48
48
..
..
..
62
41
..
2.8
..
5.4

76
90
10
6
0.2
0
27
73

73
37
..
4.3
..
9.8

..

2011

133

Macedonia, FYR
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
2.1
9.3
4,520

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

926
73
..
..

69
..

926
77
1
8

72
2

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100
76
19
..
99

101
77
19
..
99

89
82
44
92
99

89
84
37
91
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
16

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

46
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
38
..
..
..
..
..
31
16
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

134

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.4
20
4
14
34
94
100
9

68
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

47
22
..
..
..
..

43
75
25
22
16.6
20
28
52
42
47
..
..
..
27
29
11
8.6
33.0
80.6
58.5

31

65
70
30
24
6.3
20
33
47

45
17
14.8
31.7
82.2
52.8

Madagascar
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
20.1
8.8
440

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

67.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

984
52
82
22

50
85

99 104
18
19
3
4
38 36
..
..

974
62
31
22

59
30

158 162
31 32
3
4
79 79
64 66

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.3
..
37
17
32
78
57
710

4.6
130
39
40
24
86
44
440

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

83 89
11
15
87 84
87 83
41.6 24.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
31
..
..
14
50
..
80 86
70
72
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

84 89
11
16
89 84
..
..
73.0 32.1
81 80
2
6
17
15
38
..
..
14
100
22
81
87
71 72
24.2 27.7
3.5 1.7
..
..
2.8 1.7

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

7

The Little Data Book on Gender

13

2011

135

Malawi
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
14.9
4.9
330

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

73.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
50 48
114 126
25

65
12
0
24
49

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

7.0
..
55
13
36
90
55
910

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

76
4
96
96
0.4
..
..
..
11
..
..
..
..
..
69
50
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

10

136

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

75
21
1
32
70

971
55
54
25

53
52

121
28
0
60
86

118
31
1
58
87

5.5
114
50
41
28
92
54
510

80
29
71
71
0.3
..
..
..

75
45
..
..
..
..

75 79
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8
100
..
68
74
48 44
39.4 41.3
10.0 5.4
..
..
..
..

21

Malaysia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
27.9
220.4
7,900

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

943
72
..
..

68
..

943
77
..
..

72
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

92
58
7
90
95

93
54
8
90
96

94
71
41
97
99

95
66
32
97
98

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7
..
..
50
..
..
..
56

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

43
71
27
25
8.1
25
28
47
35
..
50
8
100
..
42
38
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.5
12
..
..
..
79
99
31

80
64
34
31
2.4
26
27
46

78
55
..
..
..
..

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

44 79
79
72
21
28
20
23
8.1 2.6
9
17
23
32
68
51
39
..
..
9
100
23
43
76
35
47
..
..
3.7 3.2
..
..
11.8 10.3

10

2011

137

Maldives
South Asia

Upper middle income

Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.31
1.3
4,270

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

934
60
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

125 126
52 50
..
..
..
..
98 98

108 114
86
81
0
0
112 127
99 99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.1
..
..
29
..
..
90
510

2.0
11
..
35
28
100
97
37

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

30
37
58
57
6.6
14
39
43
16
..
..
..
..
..
24
17
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

138

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

6

61
..

74
49
47
44
4.0
28
18
50

70
47
..
..
..
..

942
74
5
35

70
5

57 77
45
61
54 29
47 20
22.9 7.9
7
14
32 20
56 62
30
..
..
..
..
..
45 73
37 53
..
..
23.8 7.9
..
..
30.5 15.5

7

Mali
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
15.4
9.1
600

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

51.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
43
174
..

43
166

21
4
0
7
..

35
9
1
12
..

952
50
114
12

48
117

89a 105a
34a 49a
3
9
56a 72a
31
47

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
6.7
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
79
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
5
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
31
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
..
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,200

6.5
179
71
8
31
70
49
830

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

38 67
4
12
107 77
93 82
34.1 18.5
64 68
3
8
33
24
35
..
..
14
100
..
35 60
29
42
21.6 24.2
10.9 7.2
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

37 68
2
5
26 33
98 94
72.0 61.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
100
..
35 62
30 46
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

10

2011

139

Malta
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.42
7.6
18,350

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

943
78
..
..

73
..

943
82
..
..

78
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

106 110
80 85
9 12
101 103
..
..

99
99
38
99
99

98
101
26
102
97

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1
..
..
86
..
..
98
14

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

23
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
28
..
..
13
100
..
21
52
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

140

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

3

1.4
15
..
..
..
..
100
8

73
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

68
57
..
..
..
..

32 68
93 83
7
17
6
11
0.2 0.0
0
2
12
31
87 66
35
70
85
14
100
18
29 63
43 48
..
..
6.8 7.0
36.0 50.2
15.4 17.6

9

Marshall Islands
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
0.06
0.19
2,990

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)
Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..
75
..
..

70
..

..
..
..
..

..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

90
80
..
94
..

91
76
..
93
..

5.9
..
..
37
..
..
..
..

4.5
..
26
45
8
81
86
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13.2 12.2
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

3

2011

141

Mauritania
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
3.4
3.6
1,060

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

21.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
57
..
..

54
..

952
59
44
..

55
53

41
9
1
22
..

54
18
5
36
..

108
23
2
66
64

101
26
5
63
71

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.9
..
..
4
..
48
40
780

4.4
76
35
9
25
75
61
550

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

53 82
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
100
..
36 54
23
28
..
..
35.8 21.9
..
..
..
..

59
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
100
..
41
21
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

142

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

22

81
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

53
24
..
..
..
..

Mauritius
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
1.3
9.9
7,740

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

960
73
..
..

66
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

112
52
2
114
92

111
52
4
114
91

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.3
..
..
75
..
..
91
72

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

38
91
9
7
3.1
14
50
35
37
..
..
..
..
..
32
26
..
3.6
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

69
..

100 100
88 86
29
23
90 89
98 96

1.5
34
..
..
..
..
99
36

81
82
18
13
1.5
18
40
42

75
55
..
3.2
..
..

7

The Little Data Book on Gender

960
76
..
..

41 75
84
78
16 22
15
17
4.4 0.9
8
10
25 35
67 55
37
44
..
12
100
15
36 72
26 38
..
..
12.3 4.4
..
..
26.2 18.1

19

2011

143

Mayotte
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
0.20
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
79
..
..

70
..

971
80
..
..

72
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

144

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

3.0
101
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

Mexico
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

108.5
1,012.3
9,330

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

3.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
74
17
..

68
15

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

111
54
12
92
95

116
55
15
91
96

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.4
..
28
63
..
78
69
93

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

34
80
16
15
1.2
3
21
70
37
55
50
12
100
..
33
33
..
4.2
..
5.8

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

73
..

116 117
93
87
28 28
104 104
98 99

2.1
69
23
73
..
94
93
85

84
65
32
29
2.9
29
30
39

82
68
..
2.5
..
5.2

12

The Little Data Book on Gender

952
78
..
..

43
81
65 66
35 34
32
27
9.7 4.8
4
19
18 30
77 50
39
65
70
12
100
27
41
76
30 54
7.6 16.5
4.8 5.4
2.1 1.8
10.6 9.7

26

2011

145

Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
0.11
0.30
2,700

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

31.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

935
67
..
..

66
..

935
70
..
..

68
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

111
86
..
..
..

110
80
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

146

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

3.5
23
..
23
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

0

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

Moldova
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
3.6e
6.5e
1,810e

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

943
71
..
..

64
..

943
72
4
34

65
7

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

89 90
98 90
..
..
..
..
100 100

93
90
45
91
100

94
88
32
94
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
62

1.5
32
19
68
7
98
100
32

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

61
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
55
38
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

64
38
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

47 53
71 65
29 35
28 34
3.5 1.3
28 34
14 26
58
41
54
..
..
18
100
39
44 49
17
18
..
..
4.9 7.8
..
..
14.9 15.8

19

2011

147

Monaco
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.03
6.5
197,460

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
..
..
..

..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

148

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

11

..
..
..
..

..
..

125 131
154 153
..
..
131 133
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

26

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

Mongolia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
2.7
5.1
1,890

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

22.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
63
..
..

59
..

971
70
10
29

64
11

98
88
..
..
..

96
77
..
..
..

110
95
64
92
97

110
89
41
94
95

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.2
..
..
57
..
..
..
130

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

63
..
..
..
..
37
20
44
49
..
..
14
..
..
54
40
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

25

The Little Data Book on Gender

2.0
20
4
55
14
100
99
65

77
..
..
..
..
42
22
37

65
50
..
..
..
..

68 78
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
34 39
16
21
51 40
51
..
77
17
70
49
56 64
33 44
8.6 11.4
3.6 3.0
..
..
..
..

4

2011

149

Montenegro
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
0.63
4.2
6,690

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

926
78
..
..

73
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
15

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
39
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

150

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

926
77
..
..

72
..

105a 107a
103a 102a
..
..
..
..
..
..

1.6
17
5
39
26
97
99
15

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
85 77
15
23
..
..
2.6 1.9
1
2
12 32
86 66
43
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
35.5 26.2
..
..
..
..

11

Morocco
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

32.4
94.1f
2,850 f

Lower middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

2.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

947
66
24
16

62
21

944
74
11
17

69
9

54
31
8
42
46

81
44
14
61
71

103
51
12
77
72

112
60
14
84
87

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.0
..
18
42
20
32
31
270

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

25
81
53 48
47 53
45 48
29.3 16.8
3
4
50 32
47 64
21
..
..
12
100
..
21
71
22 55
..
..
20.4 14.2
..
..
31.6 30.9

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.3
13
16
63
10
68
63
110

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

26 80
34 48
66
52
65
47
48.6 15.0
59 34
15
24
25 42
21
..
..
14
100
12
24 73
18 50
..
..
10.5 9.8
..
..
19.4 22.8

11

2011

151

Mozambique
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
23.4
10.3
440

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

60.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
45
..
..

42
..

971
49
..
..

54
5
0
21
..

72
9
1
32
..

110a 122a
23a 28a
1
2
55a 66a
64 78

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
6.2
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
..
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
..
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
..
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,000
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

152

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

85
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
11
..
..
8
100
..
80
70
..
..
..
..

16

47
..

5.0
139
52
16
..
89
55
550

88
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

82
64
..
..
..
..

85
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9
100
..
79
68
..
..
..
..

39

87
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

81
60
..
..
..
..

Myanmar
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
50.5
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
61
..
..

57
..

971
64
..
..

60
..

92
20
5
..
..

98
21
4
..
..

115
54
12
100
95

117
53
9
98
96

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.4
..
..
17
..
..
..
420

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

71
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
41
..
..
..
..
..
68
63
..
8.8
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.3
15
..
41
..
80
64
240

89
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

86
76
..
4.7
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

63
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
89
12
67
..
61
34
..
..
..
..

85
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

82
57
..
..
..
..

4

2011

153

Namibia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
2.2
10.3
4,650

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

49.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

971
64
34
31

60
30

971
62
19
44

61
24

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

123
42
4
81
90

113
34
2
67
86

111
70
10
91
95

113
60
8
83
91

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.2
..
12
29
22
87
68
180

3.3
66
9
55
7
95
81
180

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

48 64
43 65
55 33
54
32
31.5 14.5
52 45
8
21
40 34
..
..
..
12
..
..
38 53
21
27
..
..
19.0 20.0
..
..
33.8 29.6

52 63
80 82
33
24
28
17
1.1 0.9
8
23
9
24
83 53
41
..
..
12
80
36
39 50
14
18
..
..
43.0 32.5
..
..
47.0 36.7

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

154

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

7

24

Nepal
South Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
29.9
14.5
490

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

55.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
54
..
..

54
..

952
68
18
23

66
21

82 136
19 44
2
7
41
70
33 68

..
41
3
..
77

..
46
8
..
87

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.2
..
..
24
..
15
7
870

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

52
..
..
..
..
91
1
8
..
..
..
7
100
..
52
51
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.8
97
51
48
25
44
19
380

85
..
..
..
..
75
4
20

83
67
..
..
..
..

6

The Little Data Book on Gender

63
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7
100
14
62
55
..
..
..
..

80
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

79
58
..
..
..
..

33

2011

155

Netherlands
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

16.6
826.5
49,720

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

945
80
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

104 101
114 123
32 39
..
..
..
..

106 108
120 122
65 58
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6
..
..
76
..
..
..
10

1.8
5
..
69
..
..
..
9

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

156

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

74
..

43
70
87 88
13 12
12
7
5.1 0.3
3
5
11 35
84 59
38
70
75
16
100
..
39 66
53 54
..
..
10.9 5.6
44.6 55.2
8.5 7.7

21

945
83
..
..

79
..

60 73
90 84
11
16
9
11
0.7 0.2
2
3
7
25
85 63
48
75
82
16
100
27
57
70
69 69
..
..
3.5 3.4
26.1 23.7
6.2 7.1

39

New Caledonia
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.25
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
73
..
..

68
..

952
81
..
..

72
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
99

..
..
..
..
99

..
..
..
..
100

..
..
..
..
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

47
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.2
20
..
..
..
..
..
..

74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

44
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

70
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..

2011

157

New Zealand
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

4.4
125.4
29,050

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

945
78
..
..

73
..

948
82
..
..

78
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

105
90
41
..
..

107
90
38
..
..

102
129
99
..
..

101
124
68
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.2
..
..
..
..
95
95
18

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

158

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

54
74
87 75
13
25
10
15
1.9 0.7
8 13
14 33
78 54
44
77
74
14
0
..
49 66
53 56
..
..
7.3 8.1
16.1 25.6
13.2 14.8

14

2.1
26
..
..
..
..
..
14

62
76
87 79
13
21
9
15
1.3 0.7
4
9
10
31
86
61
48
72
82
14
100
40
58
71
51 56
..
..
6.1 6.1
6.4 6.3
17.2 16.0

34

Nicaragua
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

5.8
6.3
1,080

Lower middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

15.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
67
..
..

61
..

952
77
..
..

70
..

90
41
8
55
..

84
25
7
41
..

116
72
..
78
89

118
64
..
71
85

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.8
..
..
49
..
72
..
190

2.7
110
41
72
8
90
74
100

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

39 85
51
57
49 43
47 40
3.6 5.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
53
..
12
60
..
37 79
31 68
..
..
14.7 9.0
..
..
14.9 11.0

47 78
53 49
47
51
45 45
8.7 13.0
8 42
19
21
72
37
38
..
..
12
60
41
45 73
31 59
3.9 16.2
5.1 4.9
..
..
9.7 8.1

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

15

The Little Data Book on Gender

21

2011

159

Niger
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
15.9
5.7
360

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

43.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
42
232
10

41
212

19
3
0
11
..

32
9
2
20
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
7.9
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
83
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
4
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
19
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
30
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
15
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,400
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

160

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

27
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
50
..
27
28
..
..
..
..

5

952
53
51
135 138
19

60a
11a
1a
35a
23

73a
16a
2a
46a
52

7.1
202
75
11
16
46
33
820

91
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

86
74
..
..
..
..

39 88
4
6
90 84
89 83
2.8 3.3
38 64
18
8
43
27
36
..
..
14
50
..
38 83
34
71
45.0 49.2
..
..
..
..
..
..

13

Nigeria
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
158.3
186.4
1,180

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

64.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

944
46
102
14

43
118

944
49
93
..

48
91

73
21
2
..
62

95
28
5
..
81

84
27
8
74
65

95
34
12
84
78

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
6.6
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
52
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
6
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
21
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
57
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
33
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,100
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.6
116
39
15
..
58
39
840

36
76
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
38
51
4
9
57 38
..
..
..
12
50
..
34
70
17 39
..
..
4.4 3.7
..
..
22.3 11.5

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

39
..
..
..
..
39
11
48
21
..
..
12
50
..
37
17
..
..
..
..

73
..
..
..
..
49
12
37

69
36
..
..
..
..

4

2011

161

Northern Mariana Islands
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.09
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
..
..
..

..
..

..
..
..
..

..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
0
40
58
44
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

162

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
4
47
49

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
5.8
..
..

..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
7.3
..
..

Norway
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

4.9
416.9
85,380

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

945
80
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100 100
103 99
42 35
96 95
..
..

99 99
109 112
92 56
99 100
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9
..
..
74
..
..
100
9

2.0
8
..
88
..
..
..
7

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

57 73
93 85
7
15
..
..
2.6 1.6
4
8
11 35
85 56
47
83
86
18
100
..
54 66
48 50
..
..
4.8 5.6
22.5 19.0
11.0 12.4

63
71
95 89
5
11
4
8
0.3 0.2
1
4
7 32
92 64
49
71
89
47
90
33
61 68
55
51
..
..
2.6 3.6
8.0 7.5
8.0 10.3

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

73
..

36

The Little Data Book on Gender

947
83
..
..

79
..

40

2011

163

Oman
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

2.9
49.8
17,890

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
71
..
..

68
..

952
78
..
..

75
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

79
33
4
62
..

86
45
4
67
..

83
89
..
79
98

85
93
..
80
98

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.6
..
..
9
..
88
87
49

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

19
91
6
..
..
5
7
86
19
..
..
..
..
..
16
14
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

164

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

3.0
9
..
..
..
..
99
20

80
85
14
..
..
10
8
81

76
40
..
..
..
..

25
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
22
..
..
..
..
9
21
16
..
..
..
..

0

77
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

72
40
..
..
..
..

Pakistan
South Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
173.4
182.5
1,050

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

22.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
61
37
7

60
22

952
67
22
10

67
14

32
12
2
..
..

62
28
4
..
..

77
29
5
54
61

92
37
6
68
79

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.1
..
32
15
32
27
19
490

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

14
..
..
..
..
72
14
14
8
..
..
12
100
..
12
11
..
0.7
..
1.3

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.9
30
24
27
25
61
39
260

85
..
..
..
..
48
21
31

81
65
..
2.8
..
5.7

10

The Little Data Book on Gender

22 85
22 40
78
61
78 59
65.0 19.7
75
37
12 22
13
41
13
..
..
12
100
3
20
81
17 68
..
..
8.7 4.0
..
..
10.5 7.0

22

2011

165

Palau
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
0.02
0.13
6,460

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
75
..
..

63
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.8
..
..
..
..
..
99
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
40
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

166

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

..
72
..
..

66
..

103 100
95
97
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
21
..
100
100
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

0

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

Panama
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

3.5
24.5
6,990

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

9.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
75
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

104 109
63 59
25
18
86 86
95 95

107 111
76
70
55 36
101 102
96
97

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.0
..
..
..
..
..
86
86

2.5
80
..
..
..
..
92
71

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

70
..

39 79
80 53
20
47
19 44
3.3 7.7
3 38
11
16
87 46
43
45
..
14
100
..
30 69
20
47
..
..
22.6 12.8
26.6 20.9
28.8 18.5

8

The Little Data Book on Gender

952
79
..
..

73
..

48
81
73
67
27 33
25 29
4.4 2.5
4 20
9 26
87 55
42
47
95
14
100
45
44
76
26 54
5.4 12.1
7.9 4.6
..
..
21.1 11.7

9

2011

167

Papua New Guinea
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
6.9
8.9
1,300

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

35.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

926
58
..
..

52
..

926
64
..
..

59
..

59
8
1
43
..

71
14
2
54
..

50
..
..
..
70

59
..
..
..
65

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
340

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

71
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
20
..
..
6
0
..
69
58
..
5.9
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

168

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

0

4.0
65
21
36
..
79
53
250

74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

72
57
..
9.0
..
..

72
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6
0
..
69
57
..
..
..
..

1

74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

73
56
..
..
..
..

Paraguay
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

6.5
19.0
2,940

Lower middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

5.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
70
12
17

66
10

952
74
..
..

70
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

102 106
31 30
8
9
65 65
95 96

98
68
43
95
99

101
65
30
92
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.5
..
24
48
15
84
66
130

3.0
70
18
79
..
96
82
95

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

47
87
67 69
33
31
31
17
0.1 0.4
1
3
15 36
84
61
41
57
66
12
50
..
44 82
34 69
..
..
6.3 6.7
..
..
16.5 15.0

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

6

The Little Data Book on Gender

57
87
49
51
51 49
48 42
11.0 10.4
19
31
10
25
71 44
40
..
..
12
50
..
52 82
38
67
7.7 22.6
7.5 4.4
..
..
16.8 8.7

13

2011

169

Peru
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

29.5
139.0
4,710

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

5.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
68
31
15

63
29

952
76
4
22

71
13

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

116
65
..
..
94

119
69
..
..
97

109
89
36
101
97

109
89
33
101
98

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.8
..
18
59
16
64
80
250

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

49 75
53 63
47
37
46 30
9.2 2.8
1
2
20 32
80 66
..
..
..
12
100
..
41 69
29 43
..
..
11.5 6.5
..
..
19.7 12.6

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

170

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

6

2.5
52
19
73
8
94
83
98

58
76
49 59
50
41
47 34
8.7 4.5
6
10
13
28
82 62
38
..
..
13
100
28
54
70
39
41
39.5 44.8
8.3 5.4
..
..
15.6 12.5

22

Philippines
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
93.6
192.2
2,050

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

22.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

943
68
25
14

63
28

943
74
9
19

70
10

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

108
72
30
86
97

110
70
21
85
96

109
86
32
97
98

111
79
26
91
97

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.3
..
14
36
26
83
53
180

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

48 83
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
31 53
13
16
56
31
40
..
75
14
100
..
42
76
31 53
..
..
9.8 7.1
..
..
19.2 13.1

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.0
51
14
51
22
91
62
94

9

The Little Data Book on Gender

49 79
51 53
49
47
46 42
17.4 9.0
24
42
10
18
66 40
42
..
91
9
100
58
46 73
28 44
..
..
7.4 7.5
..
..
19.3 16.2

22

2011

171

Poland
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

38.2
474.0
12,420

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

943
76
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

97 100
90 86
24
16
..
..
100 100

97
97
99 99
84 59
95 95
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.0
..
..
73
..
..
99
17

1.4
14
..
..
..
..
100
6

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

172

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

67
..

55 72
71 69
29
31
28
28
7.8 5.5
24
24
21
41
55 35
47
..
..
16
100
..
47 62
27 36
..
..
14.7 12.2
36.0 33.3
30.1 25.9

14

943
80
..
..

72
..

46 62
80 75
20
25
17 20
5.7 2.5
13 13
17 43
70 44
47
68
..
16
100
35
42
57
24
31
..
..
8.7 7.8
27.3 23.3
21.2 20.2

20

Portugal
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

10.6
232.6
21,860

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

943
77
..
..

70
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

119
59
26
..
99

124
59
20
..
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.4
..
..
..
..
..
98
15

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

76
..

111 114
109 105
67 56
106 101
100 100

1.3
15
..
87
..
..
..
7

49 73
70 72
30 28
28 22
4.0 2.0
21
16
26
41
53 44
43
70
69
12
100
..
48
71
45 60
..
..
6.8 3.2
49.4 38.2
12.8 7.1

8

The Little Data Book on Gender

943
82
..
..

56 69
79
74
21 26
18
18
1.1 0.6
12
11
16 39
72 50
48
68
69
17
100
33
51 63
29 36
..
..
10.1 8.9
47.5 40.8
21.6 18.6

27

2011

173

Puerto Rico
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

4.0
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

950
79
..
..

71
..

950
83
..
..

75
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
94

..
..
..
..
92

91
86
95
..
88

91
83
61
..
87

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
29

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

174

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

31
61
92 80
8 20
..
..
2.1 0.3
0
6
21
27
79 68
47
..
..
..
..
..
27 50
13 29
..
..
11.0 17.6
..
..
27.6 33.3

..

1.7
53
..
..
..
..
100
18

36 58
92 80
8 20
..
..
0.0 0.0
1
2
10
25
90 73
42
..
..
..
..
..
31 48
21
27
..
..
11.6 14.9
..
..
22.0 28.6

..

Qatar
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

1.5
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

947
72
..
..

68
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

103
87
41
72
91

111
80
12
67
89

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.4
..
..
32
..
94
..
15

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

40
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8
100
..
35
15
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

75
..

105 107
106 72
30
5
106 109
98 98

2.4
16
..
..
..
..
..
8

94
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

94
68
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

961
77
..
..

50
100
0
0
0.0
0
5
95
13
..
142
7
100
..
48
28
..
2.6
..
7.5

93
99
1
1
0.0
3
58
39

93
72
..
0.2
..
0.7

0

2011

175

Romania
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
21.4
168.2
7,840

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

943
73
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

95 96
100 103
8
9
96 96
99 99

99 100
93 94
77 58
96 96
98
97

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8
..
..
57
..
..
99
170

1.4
31
..
70
..
94
99
27

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

176

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

67
..

60 73
68
81
32
19
33
21
5.6 3.5
34
25
37 49
29 26
42
60
..
16
..
..
56 68
33
41
..
..
8.7 7.7
51.0 39.6
23.4 21.5

34

941
77
..
..

70
..

45 60
68
67
33 33
32
31
19.2 6.1
31 28
22
37
47 36
46
49
74
18
85
30
43 55
19
27
..
..
5.8 7.7
30.6 32.2
20.2 21.2

11

Russian Federation
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
141.8
1,404.2
9,910

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

947
74
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

107 107
96 94
58
47
93
92
100 100

97
97
84 86
89 66
..
..
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9
..
..
63
..
..
..
74

1.6
27
..
80
..
..
100
39

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64
..

60
76
94 90
6
10
1
1
0.1 0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
51
67
..
20
100
..
52 65
34 36
..
..
5.2 5.2
14.5 9.9
12.9 13.0

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

944
75
..
..

63
..

58 69
93
92
7
8
5
6
0.1 0.1
7
11
19 38
74
51
51
62
..
20
100
39
53 64
31 36
..
..
7.9 8.4
38.4 33.3
19.1 17.7

14

2011

177

Rwanda
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
10.3
5.5
540

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

76.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

990
35
73
21

31
87

990
52
55
34

76
16
0
48
75

77
19
1
50
75

151 150
26
27
4
6
56
52
77 77

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
6.8
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
15
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
21
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
39
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
94
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
26
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,100
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

178

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

87
..
..
..
..
96
1
3
..
..
..
12
33
..
86
79
..
0.2
..
0.7

17

49
69

5.3
37
13
36
38
96
52
540

89
..
..
..
..
83
5
11

88
79
..
0.6
..
1.4

87
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
67
..
86
77
7.0
..
..
..

56

85
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

84
72
8.0
..
..
..

Samoa
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
0.18
0.52
2,930

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

926
68
..
..

62
..

926
75
..
..

69
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

117
..
..
..
99

115
..
..
..
99

99
81
..
90
100

101
72
..
97
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.8
..
..
..
..
..
76
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

40
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.9
27
..
29
..
..
100
..

76
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

38
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

75
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

4

2011

179

San Marino
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.03
1.6
50,670

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
..
..
..

..
..

..
86
..
..

80
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

94
97
..
93
..

92
94
..
90
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
3
32
66
40
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9.0
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

12

180

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
2
52
46

..
..
..
2.0
..
..

..
93
7
..
0.0
0
21
79
42
..
..
20
100
..
..
..
..
4.5
..
..

17

..
89
11
..
0.0
0
48
52

..
..
..
1.2
..
..

São Tomé and Príncipe
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
0.17
0.20
1,200

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

28.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

971
64
..
..

61
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

130
33
..
69
92

142
36
..
76
96

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

37
69
30
30
0.7
35
3
59
32
..
..
10
100
..
..
..
..
..
..
13.5

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64
..

130a 131a
52a 50a
4a
4a
89a 81a
96 95

3.7
62
33
38
..
98
82
..

78
72
26
26
0.8
42
19
36

..
..
..
..
..
5.8

12

The Little Data Book on Gender

971
68
..
..

45
76
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
10
100
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
24.5 11.0
..
..
..
..

18

2011

181

Saudi Arabia
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

26.0
436.6
17,200

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

971
70
..
..

66
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
10
..
81

..
..
11
..
94

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
41

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

15
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
10
50
..
13
4
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

182

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

971
74
4
..

73
3

97 101
90 104
36 29
89
87
97 99

3.0
16
..
24
..
..
96
24

80
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

76
39
..
..
..
..

21 80
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0
5
2 23
98 72
15
..
..
10
75
9
18
76
5 36
..
..
15.9 3.5
..
..
45.8 23.6

0

Senegal
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
12.9
13.5
1,050

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

33.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

967
53
80
16

51
96

967
57
39
20

54
43

46
10
..
32
28

64
20
..
51
49

85
27
6
57
56

82
34
10
56
74

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.7
..
48
7
29
74
47
750

4.7
99
39
12
32
94
52
410

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

62 90
8
14
91
78
91 77
32.4 25.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
100
..
57
78
49
70
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

65 89
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
33 34
5 20
42 33
..
..
..
14
100
..
60
76
48
67
12.6 24.4
13.6 7.9
..
..
20.1 11.9

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

The Little Data Book on Gender

23

2011

183

Serbia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
7.3
42.4
5,820

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

926
74
..
..

69
..

926
76
3
29

71
4

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

97
93
56
96
..

98
90
44
97
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
13

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
39
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

184

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.4
21
6
41
29
98
99
8

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
68 65
32 35
29 30
15.6 4.1
23
25
16 32
61 43
44
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6.6 7.2
18.4 15.3
72.1 70.1
41.3 31.0

22

Seychelles
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
0.09
0.84
9,490

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
74
..
..

67
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
98

..
..
..
..
97

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

68
..

107 105
108 103
..
..
104 106
99 99

2.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
86 79
6
15
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
49
..
..
14
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12.5 8.6
..
..
28.1 18.0

16

The Little Data Book on Gender

..
79
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
..
..
..
..
..
4.9
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
6.1
..
..

24

2011

185

Sierra Leone
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
5.8
2.0
340

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

53.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

982
42
..
..

38
..

982
49
61
..

47
67

41
11
..
..
..

62
22
..
..
..

..
..
..
75
48

..
..
..
101
68

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
5.5
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
..
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
3
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
..
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
..
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,300
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

186

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

66
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
64
47
..
..
..
..

..

5.2
128
48
8
..
87
42
970

68
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

65
35
..
..
..
..

65 68
4
11
96 89
..
..
21.6 14.8
71 66
3
10
26
23
23
..
..
..
..
..
64 64
47 35
14.9 14.9
2.3 4.5
..
..
3.5 7.3

13

Singapore
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

5.1
210.3
40,920

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

932
77
..
..

72
..

932
84
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
99

..
..
..
..
99

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9
..
..
65
..
..
..
6

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

51
92
8
6
2.1
0
34
66
43
..
55
8
100
..
50
55
..
1.8
..
2.9

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.2
6
..
..
..
..
100
9

79
83
17
10
0.4
1
40
59

79
57
..
2.0
..
2.8

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

79
..

54
3
97
7
1.0
1
17
83
46
..
65
8
100
31
50
31
..
6.5
..
16.6

76
7
94
12
0.3
2
26
73

72
34
..
5.4
..
9.8

22

2011

187

Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.04
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
..
..
..

..
..

..
..
..
..

..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

188

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

Slovak Republic
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

5.4
88.1
16,220

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
75
..
..

67
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100
90
16
96
..

101
86
16
95
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1
..
..
74
..
..
..
15

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

71
..

102 102
92 92
69 43
98
97
..
..

1.4
19
..
..
..
..
100
6

59 72
97
91
3
9
3
6
0.2 0.0
7
13
29 48
64 39
47
72
..
..
..
..
52 65
45
47
..
..
11.8 12.5
43.5 41.7
26.5 28.0

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

952
79
..
..

51 69
90 80
10 20
8
16
0.3 0.1
2
5
22 50
76 45
48
59
..
28
55
28
45
61
21
27
..
..
12.9 11.4
54.4 47.8
26.5 27.9

16

2011

189

Slovenia
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

2.1
49.3
23,860

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

949
77
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

96 96
92 88
27 22
..
..
100 100

98 99
97
97
104 72
96 96
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5
..
..
..
..
98
100
11

1.5
5
..
..
..
..
100
18

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

47 59
88 82
12
18
10
14
4.6 2.0
10
11
36
52
54
37
48
53
..
..
..
..
44
57
27 30
..
..
6.0 8.1
50.0 57.1
19.1 25.1

53 65
87
81
13
19
11
14
6.9 4.3
9
9
22 43
69 48
47
57
..
15
100
33
50 62
30 40
..
..
5.8 5.9
32.1 28.3
13.4 13.8

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

190

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

69
..

949
82
..
..

14

76
..

Solomon Islands
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
0.54
0.55
1,030

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

917
57
..
..

56
..

917
68
..
..

66
..

80
11
..
46
..

93
17
..
58
..

106
32
..
..
..

109
38
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.9
..
..
..
..
..
85
130

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

24
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
25
..
22
21
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.8
68
22
35
11
74
70
100

47
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

45
33
..
..
..
..

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

24
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
25
..
23
23
..
..
..
..

50
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

48
36
..
..
..
..

0

2011

191

Somalia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
9.4
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
46
..
..

43
..

971
52
54
..

49
53

9
7
1
..
..

18
13
4
..
..

23
5
..
..
..

42
11
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
6.6
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
..
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
..
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
1
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
..
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
..
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
..
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
1,100
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

192

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

58
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
22
..
..
14
50
..
55
46
..
..
..
..

4

6.4
69
45
15
26
26
33
1,200

84
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

78
63
..
..
..
..

57 85
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
50
..
53 79
46 62
41.5 45.5
..
..
..
..
..
..

7

South Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
50.0
304.6
6,100

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

17.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

971
65
..
..

58
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

106
71
11
80
..

107
61
13
72
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7
..
..
57
..
..
..
230

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

36 62
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
26 48
12
19
..
..
23.5 17.2
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

50
..

99 103
96 92
..
..
94 93
98
97

2.5
56
..
60
..
..
..
410

3

The Little Data Book on Gender

971
53
..
..

47 63
85 84
15
16
12
8
1.4 0.4
4
6
13 35
83 59
44
..
..
16
60
..
35 49
13
19
..
..
25.9 22.0
..
..
52.5 44.6

45

2011

193

Spain
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

46.2
1,462.9
31,650

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

940
81
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

106 108
105 99
37 34
103 104
100 100

107 108
124 118
82 66
103 103
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
7

1.4
12
..
66
..
..
..
6

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

194

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

73
..

34
67
73
74
27 26
25
21
10.5 3.0
10 13
17
41
73
47
32
79
..
16
75
..
26 59
25 39
..
..
24.5 11.6
61.5 45.6
39.7 23.2

15

940
85
..
..

79
..

49 69
87 80
13 20
9 13
1.2 0.7
3
6
10 36
88 59
45
79
..
16
100
32
40 56
28 32
..
..
18.4 17.7
34.4 26.9
36.4 39.1

37

Sri Lanka
South Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
20.5
46.7
2,290

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

7.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

962
73
10
..

66
10

962
78
..
..

71
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

109
74
2
98
..

114
69
4
98
..

97
88
..
98
99

97
86
..
97
97

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.5
..
14
66
..
80
94
91

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

37
66
34
34
18.7
43
22
32
..
..
90
12
100
..
28
16
..
21.6
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.3
23
12
68
..
99
99
39

79
58
42
40
6.7
37
19
38

70
40
..
9.7
..
..

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

34 75
55 59
45
41
44 38
22.3 4.5
37 30
25
25
27
27
31
..
93
12
100
21
31 72
21 45
..
..
8.1 7.2
..
..
27.9 17.1

6

2011

195

St. Kitts and Nevis
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.05
0.50
9,980

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
69
..
..

65
..

..
..
..
..

..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

106
87
7
105
..

110
85
6
132
..

97
100
25
97
..

95
93
12
94
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.7
..
..
..
..
100
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
84
14
12
1.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

196

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

7

..
..
..
54
..
100
100
..

..
81
17
12
0.7
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13
60
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

7

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

St. Lucia
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.17
0.86
4,970

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

20.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

971
73
..
..

69
..

971
76
..
..

70
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

136 143
60 40
3
3
123 124
..
..

95
97
23
93
..

98
95
9
99
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.3
..
..
47
..
100
..
..

2.0
59
..
..
..
99
100
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

41
74
74
57
25 39
21
25
4.1 1.7
15 30
19
24
64 43
52
..
..
13
60
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
7.0 6.6
..
..
15.2 14.6

51
76
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
10
19
10
21
73 49
48
..
..
12
65
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
25.0 17.5
..
..
45.5 37.1

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

11

2011

197

St. Martin (French part)
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.03

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)
1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
..
..
..

..
..

..
..
..
..

..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

198

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

St. Vincent & Grenadines
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.11
0.53
4,850

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

971
72
..
..

67
..

971
74
..
..

70
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

113
67
9
..
..

114
54
4
..
..

103
111
..
105
..

111
107
..
114
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.0
..
..
58
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.1
57
..
48
..
100
99
..

44
81
79
71
21 29
17 22
2.7 2.1
14
31
11
27
75 42
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
21.4 18.3
..
..
43.2 31.9

10

The Little Data Book on Gender

56
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13
65
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

79
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

17

2011

199

Sudan
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
43.6
55.3
1,270

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

949
54
63
..

51
62

949
60
30
19

57
38

41
18
2
..
..

53
22
3
..
..

70
36
..
47
83

78
40
..
53
89

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.0
..
27
9
..
70
69
830

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

27
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
22
..
..
..
..
..
23
17
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

200

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

4.1
58
34
8
6
64
49
750

79
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

72
48
..
..
..
..

31
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8
100
..
26
18
..
..
..
..

26

74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

69
33
..
..
..
..

Suriname
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.52
3.1
5,920

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

15.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

926
71
..
..

64
..

926
73
..
..

66
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

120
64
11
94
..

110
50
9
79
..

111
85
..
95
99

116
66
..
81
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.7
..
..
48
..
..
91
84

2.4
38
19
46
..
90
90
100

36 68
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
2
5
8
27
87 65
41
68
..
..
..
..
29 60
14 33
..
..
20.1 12.6
..
..
46.5 29.0

8

The Little Data Book on Gender

39
..
..
..
..
5
8
82
38
..
..
..
..
..
31
8
..
13.7
..
..

66
..
..
..
..
10
31
55

60
27
..
7.0
..
..

10

2011

201

Swaziland
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
1.2
3.1
2,600

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

62.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
63
..
..

58
..

971
46
30
48

47
32

94
..
3
66
84

94
..
5
59
83

104
50
4
69
95

112
56
4
75
92

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.7
..
..
20
..
..
56
260

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

45
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
35
..
73
12
0
..
34
29
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

202

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

4

3.5
77
5
51
24
85
69
420

81
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

65
40
..
..
..
..

53
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
0
..
40
26
..
..
..
..

14

75
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

60
35
..
..
..
..

Sweden
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

9.4
469.0
49,930

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

944
80
..
..

75
..

944
83
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100
92
33
96
..

99
88
28
97
..

96
97
102 103
88 56
95 94
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1
..
..
..
..
..
100
7

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

63 72
95
87
5 13
..
..
0.5 0.2
2
5
14 43
84 52
51
81
89
12
90
..
61 69
60 59
..
..
1.8 1.9
11.8 12.3
4.5 4.8

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.9
6
..
..
..
..
..
5

38

The Little Data Book on Gender

79
..

61 69
94 85
6
15
5
9
0.2 0.2
1
3
8
31
91 65
50
64
90
14
80
32
56 63
40 39
..
..
8.0 8.6
12.4 13.1
23.7 26.3

45

2011

203

Switzerland
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

7.8
548.0
70,350

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

951
81
..
..

74
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

89
94
18
52
..

88
101
34
52
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
8

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

204

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

57
81
86 84
14
16
11
8
6.4 1.7
4
5
18
41
78 54
43
82
68
8
100
..
56
81
69 69
..
..
2.6 1.7
17.8 15.9
3.2 3.1

14

951
84
..
..

80
..

103 104
94 98
52
51
98 94
..
..

1.5
4
..
..
..
..
100
10

61
74
87 83
13
17
10
9
2.7 1.7
2
4
10 30
81
61
48
81
77
14
80
31
58
71
60 63
..
..
4.5 3.7
33.6 26.4
8.7 7.7

29

Syrian Arab Republic
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

21.6
57.0
2,640

Lower middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
70
..
..

95 106
43 59
14 22
83 94
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.5
..
..
40
..
51
77
120

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

18
..
..
..
..
54
8
38
15
..
..
7
70
..
16
16
..
14.0
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

66
..

73
5

120 125
74 75
..
..
111 113
93 96

3.1
40
13
58
11
84
93
46

81
..
..
..
..
23
28
49

78
60
..
5.2
..
..

9

The Little Data Book on Gender

952
76
3
..

21 80
69
52
31 49
29 39
19.0 7.4
26
18
8
32
66 50
16
..
..
7
70
15
16
76
12 54
4.3 8.8
25.7 5.2
..
..
49.1 13.1

12

2011

205

Tajikistan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
7.1
5.5
780

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

21.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
66
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

90
92
..
..
..
..
..
..
100 100

100 104
78 90
12 28
93
97
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
120

3.4
27
13
37
24
80
88
64

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

59
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
37
..
..
..
..
..
50
46
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

206

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

60
..

80
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

69
54
..
..
..
..

952
70
13
..

57
..
..
..
..
75
5
20
37
..
..
20
..
..
50
43
9.1
..
..
..

19

64
18

78
..
..
..
..
42
27
31

68
55
8.7
..
..
..

Tanzania
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
45.0
23.4g
530g

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

67.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
53
57
19

49
63

971
57
52
25

69
4
0
47
78

70
6
1
48
86

105 105
24
31
1
2
102 102
76 78

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.2
..
37
10
28
62
53
880

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

87
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
72
62
..
4.3
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.5
130
38
34a
22
76
43
790

91
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

78
63
..
2.8
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

56
56

86
91
6
15
94 85
93 82
13.0 9.7
78
71
3
7
19 22
31
..
..
12
100
49
76
81
69
70
27.1 35.0
5.8 2.8
..
..
10.1 7.4

36

2011

207

Thailand
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
68.1
286.7
4,210

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

10.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

950
73
12
..

66
11

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100
30
21
..
..

102
28
18
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1
..
21
74
..
..
69
50

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

208

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

75
87
26
31
74 69
74
67
56.1 27.0
65 63
12
16
23
21
42
..
64
12
100
..
71 84
67
72
..
..
2.4 2.0
..
..
4.2 4.3

3

941
72
..
30

90
80a
51a
..
98

66
..

92
74a
39a
..
98

1.8
41
20
72
..
98
97
48

66
81
43 46
57 54
55 50
28.5 13.6
39 44
18
21
43 35
45
..
..
13
100
29
65 80
38 55
14.4 15.7
1.1 1.2
..
..
5.1 3.7

13

Timor-Leste
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
1.1
2.5
2,220

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

37.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
47
..
..

45
..

952
63
..
..

61
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

109
55
13
79
..

116
55
18
80
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.3
..
..
25
..
..
..
650

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

58
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
55
49
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

6.4
60
..
22a
..
..
..
370

82
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

79
58
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

59
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
56
54
..
..
..
..

83
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

80
65
..
..
..
..

29

2011

209

Togo
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
6.8
3.0
440

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

38.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

982
60
90
..

56
75

982
65
43
..

61
55

70 109
11
31
1
4
22 48
..
..

111
28
..
52
68

119
54
..
71
85

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.3
..
44
34
..
43
31
650

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

56
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
41
..
..
..
..
..
53
47
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

210

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

5

4.2
61
24
17
41
84
62
350

87
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

81
65
..
..
..
..

64 86
6
17
94 83
..
..
28.4 23.1
48
61
4
10
46 29
..
..
..
14
100
..
60 80
46
61
37.4 39.8
..
..
..
..
..
..

11

Tonga
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
0.10
0.35
3,380

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
71
..
..

68
..

952
75
..
..

69
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

108 110
97
97
..
..
119 136
..
..

110
105
8
108
100

113
101
5
102
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.6
..
..
..
..
..
92
..

3.9
21
..
24
..
..
98
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

42
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

76
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

55
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

75
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

4

2011

211

Trinidad and Tobago
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

1.3
20.7
15,380

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

4.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

963
73
3
..

65
3

963
73
8
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

96
86
6
105
99

94
84
7
99
99

102 106
92 86
13
10
93 93
100 100

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.4
..
34
53
..
98
98
86

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

212

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

39
76
77 73
23 26
21 22
6.5 2.5
6
15
14 34
80
51
36
38
..
13
60
..
34 56
23 44
..
..
24.2 17.9
36.1 20.2
42.5 33.1

17

66
5

1.6
33
8
43
27
96
98
55

55
83
16
13
1.7
2
15
82
44
..
..
13
100
43
51
41
..
6.2
..
12.9

29

78
76
23
17
0.3
5
44
51

75
55
..
3.5
..
8.8

Tunisia
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

10.5
42.8
4,070

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

2.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
72
19
..

69
19

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

105
38
6
75
..

119
50
10
85
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.5
..
10
50
..
58
69
130

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

21
76
59 69
41 30
14
23
21.8 5.7
23
27
44
31
32
41
23
..
..
4
67
..
17 64
19 38
..
..
21.7 14.7
..
..
30.4 31.0

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

73
..

107 109
94
87
42
27
92 88
96 98

2.1
5
..
60
..
96
95
60

4

The Little Data Book on Gender

952
77
..
..

26
71
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4
67
..
21
61
15 29
..
..
17.3 13.1
..
..
29.3 31.4

28

2011

213

Turkey
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income
75.7
719.4
9,500

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

2.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

62
13

952
75
6
..

70
6

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

95 102
35 58
8
16
84
91
88
97

98
77
34
92
97

101
87
43
95
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.1
..
23
63
11
62
76
68

2.1
36
14
73
18
95
95
23

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

214

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

952
67
14
10

34
81
22
47
78 54
..
..
69.2 13.0
76 34
10 26
14
41
16
62
81
12
67
..
32
74
36 60
..
..
8.5 7.8
51.2 45.0
15.0 16.6

1

24
70
51 63
49
37
48 29
34.8 5.4
38
17
15 29
47 54
22
58
..
16
67
8
21 60
17 39
1.8 3.3
14.3 13.9
32.2 22.6
25.0 25.4

14

Turkmenistan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
5.2
19.2
3,700

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

24.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

956
66
..
..

59
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
91

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

58
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
50
34
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

26

The Little Data Book on Gender

956
69
..
..

61
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
100 100

2.4
18
7
48
..
99
100
77

72
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

63
42
..
..
..
..

62
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
56
36
..
..
..
..

74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

66
43
..
..
..
..

17

2011

215

Turks and Caicos Islands
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.03
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

..
..
..
..

..
..

..
..
..
..

..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

92
83
0
91
..

88
89
0
93
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

216

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..
..
..
..
..
..
99
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
96
4
..
..
..
..
..
38
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..

..
94
6
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

Tuvalu
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
0.01
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)
Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..
..

..
..

..
..
..
..

..
..

..
..
..
..
..

98
..
..
109
..

102
..
..
89
..

..
..
..
39
..
..
..
..

..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..

..
..
..

..
..
..
31
24
97
98
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

8

The Little Data Book on Gender

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
34
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

0

2011

217

Uganda
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
33.8
16.6
490

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

28.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
50
86
..

46
97

971
54
62
30

62
8
1
28
63

77
14
2
46
77

122 121
25 30
4
5
73 73
85a 90a

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

7.1
..
53
5
..
87
38
670

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

81
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
8
..
..
78
70
..
0.6
..
1.2

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

12

218

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

53
75

6.3
141
46
24
41
94
42
430

91
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

89
81
..
1.3
..
2.7

78
91
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
82 69
3
9
16
23
..
..
..
8
100
33
75 88
70 79
36.5 39.8
..
..
..
..
..
..

35

Ukraine
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
45.8
137.9
3,010

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

945
75
..
..

66
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

106
98
47
99
..

107
94
35
99
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
49

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

56
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
47
..
..
..
..
..
52
36
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64
4

98
97
93 95
91 72
96 95
100 100

1.5
29
10
67
10
99
99
26

71
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

65
37
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

943
75
1
49

52 65
81 83
19
17
..
..
0.3 0.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
55
..
71
18
100
38
48 59
30 38
16.6 18.0
6.1 6.6
..
..
14.4 15.2

8

2011

219

United Arab Emirates
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

4.7
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
75
..
..

71
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

113
69
12
96
..

116
60
3
98
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
28

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

25
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6
100
..
25
15
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

220

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

0

952
79
..
..

77
..

105 106
96 95
41 22
98 100
97 94

1.9
25
..
..
..
..
..
10

92
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

90
61
..
..
..
..

42
99
1
0
0.0
0
7
92
20
..
..
12
100
10
36
21
..
12.0
..
21.8

23

92
95
5
1
0.0
5
28
66

90
51
..
2.0
..
7.9

United Kingdom
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

62.2
2,399.3
38,540

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

951
79
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

106 105
85 82
26
27
..
..
..
..

106 106
100 98
69 50
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8
..
..
70
..
..
..
10

2.0
30
..
84
..
..
..
12

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

73
..

52
74
92
81
8
19
6 13
0.7 1.2
1
3
17 44
81 53
48
85
68
14
90
..
48
67
58 62
..
..
6.5 7.0
23.7 41.8
9.0 11.1

6

The Little Data Book on Gender

951
82
..
..

78
..

55
70
91 82
9
18
7
14
0.4 0.2
1
2
8 30
91 68
52
76
80
26
90
35
52 63
49 50
..
..
6.4 8.8
21.5 26.5
15.6 21.7

22

2011

221

United States
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

309.7
14,600.8
47,140

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

953
79
..
..

72
..

953
81
..
..

76
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

105 105
92 92
79 64
..
..
..
..

99
94
101
94
..

98
93
72
99
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1
..
..
71
..
99
99
12

2.1
36
..
79
..
..
..
24

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

222

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

57
76
93 90
7
11
..
..
0.5 0.1
1
4
15 36
84 60
47
68
..
12
0
..
53
70
53 59
..
..
5.5 5.7
3.7 7.0
10.7 11.6

7

58 72
94
92
6
8
..
..
0.1 0.1
1
2
9 30
90 68
48
67
..
12
0
42
54 64
46
47
..
..
8.1 10.3
16.1 16.4
14.9 20.1

17

Uruguay
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

3.4
35.6
10,590

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
76
..
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

108 109
89
75
..
..
97 92
..
..

112 115
94 82
83 48
108 104
100 98

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
39

2.0
60
..
78
..
96
99
27

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

69
..

48
76
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0
0
22 40
78 60
42
..
..
12
100
..
41
70
35 58
..
..
10.9 6.9
..
..
27.4 20.7

6

The Little Data Book on Gender

952
80
..
..

73
..

54
76
73 68
27
32
24 26
3.0 0.9
5
16
13 29
83 56
46
59
..
12
100
40
49 72
33 49
..
..
9.7 5.3
..
..
25.4 16.1

15

2011

223

Uzbekistan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
28.2
36.1
1,280

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

46.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

953
70
..
..

64
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

109
97
..
..
..

111
117
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
53

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

53
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
37
..
..
..
..
..
47
29
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

224

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

953
71
7
..

65
11

91 93
103 104
8
11
91 93
100 100

2.7
13
7
65
8
99
100
30

68
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

59
38
..
..
..
..

58
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
39
..
..
18
100
..
52
34
4.9
..
..
..

22

71
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

63
43
5.3
..
..
..

Vanuatu
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
0.24
0.66
2,760

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

935
65
..
..

62
..

935
73
..
..

69
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

95
16
..
82
85

97
20
..
85
87

105
49
4
83
94

111
45
6
83
94

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.9
..
..
15
..
..
87
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

79
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.9
53
27
38
..
84
74
..

88
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

4

The Little Data Book on Gender

79
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
39
..
..
12
50
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

88
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

4

2011

225

Venezuela, RB
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

28.8
334.1
11,590

Upper middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

3.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
74
..
..

68
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

108
62
25
86
96

109
50
28
76
95

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.4
..
..
58
..
..
..
84

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)
Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

226

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

36
81
71 58
29 42
27 34
1.2 1.7
2
19
16 30
82 52
35
66
..
18
100
..
33
74
21
51
..
..
10.0 10.4
..
..
25.8 20.9

10

952
77
..
..

71
..

102 105
86 79
99 59
96 94
99 98

2.5
89
..
..
..
..
..
68

52 80
62
57
38 43
32 30
1.2 0.5
2
13
11
31
87
57
42
..
..
18
100
27
47 75
28 52
3.3 6.9
8.1 7.2
..
..
15.9 12.3

17

Vietnam
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
88.4
96.9
1,100

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

13.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

952
67
..
..

64
..

952
77
4
..

73
5

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100
..
..
..
93

107
..
..
..
94

..
..
..
..
96

..
..
..
..
97

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7
..
..
53
..
..
..
170

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
100
..
72
75
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.0
25
10
80
..
91
88
56

82
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

80
74
..
..
..
..

18

The Little Data Book on Gender

68
76
21 30
79
70
79
70
47.2 18.9
54 50
16
24
30 26
40
..
..
20
100
22
66
74
49
51
21.6 21.0
2.4 1.9
..
..
4.9 4.4

24

2011

227

Virgin Islands (U.S.)
High income
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

0.11
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

943
77
..
..

71
..

943
83
..
..

76
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

44
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
48
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

228

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.8
26
..
..
..
..
..
..

80
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

49
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..

72
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

West Bank and Gaza
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
4.2
..
..

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
70
..
..

67
..

952
75
3
..

72
3

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

79
90
52
81
99

79
84
40
82
99

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

11
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9
4
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

4.9
51
19
50
..
99
99
..

66
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

51
33
..
..
..
..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

17 68
67 66
33 34
31 26
19.8 5.5
28
10
11 29
60 60
18
..
53
..
..
12
13
51
6 28
..
..
38.6 17.7
..
..
47.3 38.8

..

2011

229

Yemen, Rep.
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

24.3
25.0
1,060

Lower middle income
Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

17.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952
55
47
12

54
41

952
65
11
..

62
10

..
..
2
..
35

..
..
7
..
83

76
30
6
49
72

94
61
14
72
96

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

8.1
..
49
10
..
26
16
540

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

16
74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
83 44
2
14
13 38
6
..
..
10
70
..
12 65
8
37
..
..
3.9 9.3
..
..
9.8 20.2

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

230

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

4

5.1
74
32
28
24
47
36
210

20
74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6
..
..
9
100
4
15 64
9 36
15.9 20.7
40.9 11.5
..
..
..
..

0

Zambia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income
12.9
13.8
1,070

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

64.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)
Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971
53
85
16

49
91

971
47
55
24

46
66

95 104
15 26
1
3
80 106
66
67

112
44
..
82
67

113
53
..
92
82

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.5
..
43
15
31
92
51
390

5.7
143
42
41
27
94
47
470

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

61 79
15 39
82 58
81 56
55.7 27.8
56
47
3
15
18 22
17
..
..
12
100
..
52
61
35
41
..
..
13.7 11.7
..
..
21.0 20.7

60 79
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
12
100
19
53 68
40 49
33.3 35.4
..
..
..
..
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

7

The Little Data Book on Gender

14

2011

231

Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI per capita ($)

Low income
12.6
5.8
460

Population living below
$1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Child mortality rate (per 1,000)
Female-headed households (%)

980
64
..
33

57
..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group)
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group)
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100
44
4
91
94

101
50
8
96
97

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19)
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49)
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.2
..
33
43
..
91
70
390

3.4
60
30
65
13
93
60
790

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+)
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+)
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+)
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+)
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%)
Maternity leave (weeks)
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total)
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+)
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24)
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14)
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+)
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

67 80
18 54
82
47
82
47
20.5 16.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
15
..
..
12
60
..
64
75
47 48
..
..
7.9 6.5
..
..
42.6 45.6

60
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
13
100
..
58
43
..
4.1
..
..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

232

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

11

980
46
21
38

45
21

103 104
39 43
3
4
..
..
99 98

15

74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

71
49
..
4.2
..
..

Notes
a. Data are for 2010.
b. Includes Taiwan, China.
c. Data are for the area controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus.
d. Excludes Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
e. Excludes Transnistria.
f. Includes Former Spanish Sahara.
g. Covers mainland Tanzania only.

The Little Data Book on Gender

2011

233

Glossary
Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages
15–19. (United Nations Population Division)
Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries
attended by personnel trained to give the necessary care to women during
pregnancy, labor, and postpartum; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to
care for newborns. (United Nations Children’s Fund and Macro International)
Children in employment are children ages 7-14 who are involved in any
economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.
(Understanding Children’s Work)
Child mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 of dying between ages 1
and 5—that is, the probability of a 1-year-old dying before reaching age 5—if
subject to current age-specific mortality rates. (Macro International)
Contraceptive prevalence is the percentage of women married or in-union
ages 15–49 who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing,
any form of contraception. (United Nations Children’s Fund and Macro
International)
Employment in agriculture is the proportion of employment in agriculture—
division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and
includes hunting, forestry, and fishing—in total employment. (International
Labour Organization)
Employment in industry is the proportion of employment in industry—divisions 2–5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C–F (ISIC revision 3)
and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)—in total
employment. (International Labour Organization)
Employment in service is the proportion of employment in service—divisions
6–9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G–P (ISIC revision 3) and include
wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage,
and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal service—in total employment.
(International Labour Organization)
Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population
that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age
population and ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
(International Labour Organization)
Female headed household is the percentage of households with a female
head. (Macro International)
Female legislators, senior officials and managers refer to the share of
legistlators, senior officials, and managers who are female. (OECD)

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GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product
taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts
of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from
abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. GNI, calculated in national currency,
is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons
across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official
exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the
rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in
prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by
the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange
rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in
rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries
(France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From
2001, these countries include the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and
the United States. Figures in italics are for years other than 2010. (World Bank)
GNI per capita is gross national income (GNI) converted to U.S. dollars using
the World Bank Atlas method divided by midyear population. GNI is the sum of
value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies)
not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in
national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates
for comparisons across economies. The World Bank Atlas method is used to
smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates. It averages the exchange rate
for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of
inflation between the country and the Euro zone, Japan, the United Kingdom, and
the United States. Figures in italics are for years other than 2010. (World Bank)
Gross primary enrollment ratio is the total enrollment in primary level, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to
the primary education. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization Institute for Statistics)
Gross secondary enrollment ratio is the total enrollment in secondary level,
regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the secondary education. (United Nations Educational, Scientific
and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics)
Gross tertiary enrollment ratio is the total enrollment in tertiary level, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to
the tertiary education. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization Institute for Statistics)
Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and
older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of
goods and services during a specified period. (International Labour Organization)
Life expectancy at birth is the number of years a newborn infant would live if
prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same
throughout its life. (World Bank staff estimates from various sources including
census reports, the United Nations Population Division's World Population

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Glossary
Prospects, national statistical offices, household surveys conducted by
national agencies, and Macro International)
Long-term unemployment rate is the share of people with continuous periods
of unemployment extending for a year or longer in the total unemployed.
(International Labour Organization)
Maternal leave benefits are percentage of the wage paid during the maternity
leave. (United Nations)
Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancyrelated causes during pregnancy and childbirth per 100,000 live births.
(World Health Organization, United Nations Children’s Fund, United Nations
Population Fund, and the World Bank)
Maternity leave is a number of weeks that the benefits are provided. (United
Nations)
Population is the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents
regardless of legal status or citizenship—except for refugees not permanently
settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the
population of their country of origin. Figures in italics are for years other than
2010. (World Bank staff estimates from various sources including census
reports, the United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects,
national statistical offices, household surveys conducted by national agencies, and Macro International)
Population below $1.25 a day is the percentage of the population living on less
than $1.25 a day at 2005 international prices. Data are the most recent estimate since 1990. Figures in italics are for years other than 2009. (World Bank)
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care are the percentage of women
attended to at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel for
reasons related to pregnancy. (United Nations Children’s Fund and Macro
International)
Primary completion rate is the percentage of students completing the last
year of primary school. It is calculated by dividing the total number of students
in the last grade of primary school minus the number of repeaters in that grade
by the total number of children of official completing age. (United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics)
Proportion of women in managerial positions is the share of women administrators and managers as a percentage of all workers in public sector and
industry. (United Nations)
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) refers to female to male
wages and salaries in manufacturing. (International Labour Organization)
Seats held by women in national parliament is the percentage of parliamentary seats in a single or lower chamber occupied by women. Data listed for
2009 are for 2011. (Inter-Parliamentary Union)

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Sex ratio at birth is the ratio of female to male births. (United Nations
Population Division)
Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account
or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined
as “self-employment jobs." (International Labour Organization)
Total fertility rate is the number of children that would be born to a woman
if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in
accordance with current age-specific fertility rates. (World Bank staff estimates from various sources including census reports, the United Nations
Population Division's World Population Prospects, national statistical offices,
household surveys conducted by national agencies, and Macro International)
Unemployment rate is the share of labor force without work but available
for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment
may differ by country. (International Labour Organization)
Unmet need for contraception is the percentage of fertile, married women
of reproductive age who do not want to become pregnant and are not using
contraception. (Macro International)
Unpaid family workers are those who work without pay in a market-oriented
establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
(International Labour Organization)
Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers
as a percentage of total employment. (International Labour Organization)
Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector is the share
of female workers in the nonagricultural sector (industry and services),
expressed as a percentage of total employment in the nonagricultural sector.
Industry includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, and water, corresponding to divisions
2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3). Services
include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport,
storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business
services; and community, social, and personal services, corresponding to
divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3).
(International Labour Organization)
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) is the female share of
total part-time workers. Part-time worker is an employed person whose normal
hours of work are less than those of comparable full-time workers. Definition
of part-time varies across countries. (International Labour Organization)
Women first married by age 18 is the percentage of women ages 20-24
who were first married by age 18. (United Nations Children’s Fund and
Macro International)
Wage and salaried workers are those workers who hold the type of jobs
defined as “paid employment jobs,” where the incumbents hold explicit

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Glossary
(written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic
remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit
for which they work. (International Labour Organization)
Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 to 24 that can, with
understanding, both read and write a short, simple statement about their
everyday life. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Institute for Statistics)
Youth unemployment rate is the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without
work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force
and unemployment may differ by country. (International Labour Organization)

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Web site: data.worldbank.org
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AFGHANISTAN ALBANIA ALGERIA AMERICAN SAMOA ANDORRA ANGOLA ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA
ARGENTINA ARMENIA ARUBA AUSTRALIA AUSTRIA AZERBAIJAN THE BAHAMAS BAHRAIN
BANGLADESH BARBADOS BELARUS BELGIUM BELIZE BENIN BERMUDA BHUTAN BOLIVIA BOSNIA
AND HERZEGOVINA BOTSWANA BRAZIL BRUNEI DARUSSALAM BULGARIA BURKINA FASO
BURUNDI CAMBODIA CAMEROON CANADA CAPE VERDE CAYMAN ISLANDS CENTRAL AFRICAN
REPUBLIC CHAD CHANNEL ISLANDS CHILE CHINA COLOMBIA COMOROS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
OF CONGO REPUBLIC OF CONGO COSTA RICA CÔTE D’IVOIRE CROATIA CUBA CYPRUS CZECH
REPUBLIC DENMARK DJIBOUTI DOMINICA DOMINICAN REPUBLIC ECUADOR ARAB REPUBLIC
OF EGYPT EL SALVADOR EQUATORIAL GUINEA ERITREA ESTONIA ETHIOPIA FAEROE ISLANDS FIJI
FINLAND FRANCE FRENCH POLYNESIA GABON THE GAMBIA GEORGIA GERMANY GHANA GREECE
GREENLAND GRENADA GUAM GUATEMALA GUINEA GUINEA-BISSAU GUYANA HAITI HONDURAS
HONG KONG SAR, CHINA HUNGARY ICELAND INDIA INDONESIA ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN
IRAQ IRELAND ISLE OF MAN ISRAEL ITALY JAMAICA JAPAN JORDAN KAZAKHSTAN KENYA
KIRIBATI DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF KOREA REPUBLIC OF KOREA KUWAIT KYRGYZ REPUBLIC
LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC LATVIA LEBANON LESOTHO LIBERIA LIBYA LIECHTENSTEIN
LITHUANIA LUXEMBOURG MACAO SAR, CHINA FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
MADAGASCAR MALAWI MALAYSIA MALDIVES MALI MALTA MARSHALL ISLANDS MAURITANIA
MAURITIUS MAYOTTE MEXICO FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA MOLDOVA MONACO
MONGOLIA MONTENEGRO MOROCCO MOZAMBIQUE MYANMAR NAMIBIA NEPAL NETHERLANDS
NETHERLANDS ANTILLES NEW CALEDONIA NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORTHERN
MARIANA ISLANDS NORWAY OMAN PAKISTAN PALAU PANAMA PAPUA NEW GUINEA PARAGUAY
PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL PUERTO RICO QATAR ROMANIA RUSSIAN FEDERATION
RWANDA SAMOA SAN MARINO SÃO TOMÉ AND PRÍNCIPE SAUDI ARABIA SENEGAL SERBIA
SEYCHELLES SIERRA LEONE SINGAPORE SLOVAK REPUBLIC SLOVENIA SOLOMON ISLANDS
SOMALIA SOUTH AFRICA SPAIN SRI LANKA ST. KITTS AND NEVIS ST. LUCIA ST. VINCENT &
GRENADINES SUDAN SURINAME SWAZILAND SWEDEN SWITZERLAND SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC
TAJIKISTAN TANZANIA THAILAND TIMOR-LESTE TOGO TONGA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO TUNISIA
TURKEY TURKMENISTAN UGANDA UKRAINE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED
STATES URUGUAY UZBEKISTAN VANUATU REPÚBLICA BOLIVIARIANA DE VENEZUELA VIETNAM
U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS WEST BANK AND GAZA REPUBLIC OF YEMEN ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE

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