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HAHNEMANN'S MIASM THEORY AND MIASM REMEDIES
by Peter Morrell
Dream of Egypt, 1995 - Peter Morrell
The theory of miasms originates in Hahnemann's book The Chronic Diseases which was published in 1828, around the same time that he decided to fix 30c as the standard potency for all homoeopaths. He declared that the theory was the result of 12 years of the most painstaking work on difficult cases of a chronic character combined with his own historical research into the diseases of man.
emphasised this a great deal. Also those conditions . the theory was generally greeted with disbelief and derision from all but the most devoted followers.The three miasms given in that work are held to be responsible for all disease of a chronic nature and to form the foundation or basis for all disease in general. then 85% is due to the primary and atavistic miasm Hahnemann called Psora. Kent was also able to clearly identify those remedies that relate to each miasm. Which is hardly surprising in the somewhat Puritanical atmosphere of nineteenth century small town America. SYCOSIS This miasm is held to be responsible for many sexual and urinary disorders. being derived from suppressed Syphilis or suppressed Gonorrhoea. we can depict the main characteristic features of each miasm. at the time. Taking them in reverse order. Kent of course. The word miasm means a cloud or fog in the being. Though now generally accepted by most homeopaths without question. The theory suggests that if 100% of all disease is miasmatic. This can be explained in part by the primitive nature of medical science at that time. and affections of the joints and the mucous membranes. which was not really very willing accommodate any theory for the origin of disease. This latter aspect was then to receive considerable amplification from Kent. Hahnemann unlike Kent later attached no moral dimension whatsoever to the sexual nature of the two latter miasms. least of all such a grand and all-embracing one. The remaining 15% of all disease he held to be either syphilitic or sycotic.
Chief remedies are Thuja. Chief remedies are Arsenicum. depression. Calc and Sepia amongst many others. Natrum sulph. Aurum. Staphysagria. allergies. haemorrhoids. all skin diseases. most mental illness other than syphilitic ones. asthma. It is also associated with many heart conditions. He lists among others. haemoptysis. SYPHILIS This miasm is held to be responsible for many diseases of the nervous system. catarrhs. Kali sulph. asthma. Phosphorus and Lycopodium. insanity. blindness. The wart came to be seen as the underlying archetype of this miasm as it is also held to be responsible for all warty excrescences and growths. amongst many others. some vesicular skin eruptions and diseases that have a definite nocturnal periodicity. bronchitis. etc.worsened by damp weather and by contact with the sea. cystitis and warts are all regarded as partly or mainly sycotic in character. most dysfunctional diseases of organs and systems. scrotal . Nitric acid. Causticum. varicose veins. the blood and skeleton as well as a range of psychological disorders. deafness and ulcerations. stomach ulcers. Mercury. Lycopodium. including alcoholism. That includes most diseases of a chronic nature. PSORA The word Psora is derived from the Hebrew 'Tsorat' and Greek 'Psora' and means a groove or stigma. catarrhs. loss of smell and taste. Hahnemann held that all non venereal chronic diseases are Psoric. suicidal impulses. Thus arthritis and rheumatism. hydrocephalus. pleurisy.
. These had been contracted by ancestors or in one's own early childhood. diabetes. most destructive. 'Psora is that most ancient. the whole gamut of skin problems. p9] Kent. fevers and suppressed urine as all being typically psoric manifestations. Hepar sulph. then greatly enlarged upon the theory. Graphite. Silica.' [Chronic Diseases. jaundice. Man exists all the way down from his . epilepsy.swelling. such as scabies (Itch). Phosphorus. in his Lectures. cataract. 'You cannot divorce medicine and theology. Arsen alb. and yet most misapprehended chronic miasmatic disease which for many thousands of years has disfigured and tortured mankind. without which mankind would be pure and healthy both in mind and body. Mezereum. Causticum.. Lycopodium. Petroleum. Natrum mur. Plus. Hahnemann also claimed that Psora was the most ancient and insidious miasm. Calc carb. and that it was derived from skin eruptions of various types in the past. swollen glands.. most universal. He thus regarded Psora as being equated with the 'Fall of Man' and with original sinfulness. The suppression of these conditions especially through the use of ointments he held to be the primary cause of Psora. of course. Zinc and Psorinum amongst many others.. leprosy and psoriasis. He portrayed Psora in this highly moralistic light as also being the foundation of the sexual miasms that came later. and become the mother of all the thousands of incredibly various chronic diseases. proposing that Psora was the foundation of all other illness. tuberculosis. Chief Psoric remedies he suggests include Sulphur. as in the Garden of Eden.
p. Such is the state of the human mind at the present day.' [ibid...' [ibid. through thinking wrong.671] 'The body became corrupt because man's interior will became corrupt. p. p. susceptibility to acute diseases would have been impossible.126] 'Psora.654] '. is but little better than a moral leper.. which has come upon man from living a life of evil willing.would not exist in a perfectly healthy race.. the ultimates of sin... it is the foundation of all sickness.' [ibid..654] 'Thinking. p.681] 'Man.' [Lesser Writings.becomes disposed to sickness by doing evil.. p.641] 'A man who cannot believe in God cannot become a homeopath.' [Lectures.. willing and doing are the 3 things in life from which finally proceed the chronic miasms. p.innermost spiritual to his outermost natural. p.' [ibid. p..' [ibid.is a state of susceptibility to disease from willing evils." [p.664] 'Psora is the evolution of the state of man's will. is Psora.135] 'The human race today walking the face of the earth.' [ibid..' [ibid.654] 'This outgrowth. p. To put it another way everyone is Psoric...135] 'Psora.. p.had Psora never been established as a miasm upon the human race.133] .' [ibid.
. p. because that was the state in which he was created. so long man remained free from disease... is the underlying cause and is the primitive or primary disorder of the human race.' [ibid.136] 'Diseases correspond to man's affections. because the Itch in itself has a correspondence with adultery. man hates his neighbour. p.. p. therefore.' [ibid.137] 'How long can this thing go on before the human race is swept from the earth with the results of the suppression of Psora?' [ibid. p.' [ibid.'As long as man continued to think that which was true and held that which was good to the neighbour.' [ibid.for it goes to the very primitive wrong of the human race. he is willing to violate every commandment. that which was uprightness and justice..... the very first sickness of the human race that is the spiritual sickness. This state is represented in man's diseases..137-8] 'Psora is the beginning of all physical sickness. such is the state os man today.' [ibid.126] . so is everything that has a similar correspondence.136] 'The Itch is looked upon as a disgraceful affair.134] 'The internal state of man is prior to that which surrounds him. [ibid. p.which in turn laid the foundation for other diseases.. and the diseases upon the human race today are but the outward expression of man's interiors. the environment is not the cause. p. pp...126] '.
. arsen alb... carb-v. borax.. aur-m. cuprum. mang.. Nit-ac. aurum mur. The lists of miasmic remedies that Kent gives on page 1406 of his Repertory are as follows: SYPHILIS : Arg-m.... Still. Nit-ac. Thuj. alumn.... Hahnemann also pointed out the origins of his theory and the remedies that he decided had the power to eradicate the symptoms of a particular miasm... Merc-i-r..I think it is abundantly clear from these quotes that Kent took a very puritanical and moral line about the origins of disease within the human race and he apparently felt that Psora was equivalent to Original Sin or the Fall of Man. lach. hepar.... sulph.... phyt. alumina. SYCOSIS : Agar. Ars-i. Sep. sec. ant-c.... antimon crudum... Nat-s... cham. iod. ars-s-f. bar-c. Med. anac. Staph. sel. Sil.. manganum. Merc-i-f.. iod. con.. hep. conium. aur. aster.. petr.. cinnb. carb-v. petr.. ars... Kali-i. merc.. iodium. benz-ac.. colocynth. aran.. euphr.. puls. phos. Syph.. graph. ... sars. kali carb. clem. Phyt. led.. cor-r.. calc-i. ammon mur. Aur-m-n. antt. carb-s.. These are exactly the same as the lists given on p86 of Speight's work on the miasms... euphorbium. sil. staph. mez. Arg-n. mag mur... lach.. mez.. hep. graph....... Aur.... caust. calc-s. kali-c. kali-ar. mag carb. Kali-s.. kalichl.. aurum... calc carb. clem. bad.... bry... crot-h. lyc. fl-ac.. Aur-m. cinnb.. kali-bi. mez. sabin.. Merc. Merc-c. sars. dulc.. ammon carb. dig... lyc.... alum. guaj. caust. carb-an. asaf... Arg-m.. guai. carbo veg.. bar carb. fl-ac.. carbo an. sulph... sul-i... ph-ac. carb-an.. Kali-s.. ferr. con. apis. Hahnemann lists the following as Psoric remedies in the Chronic Diseases: agar. calc.... dulc... anacardium... thuj...
....... med.. ars... carb-v. petroleum.. all-s.. ars... Tub.. lach. nitric acid.. sulph... ars-i. arg-m. Sil. nat mur... merc.. nat-a. Puls. To discover the true psoric remedies we must add together the remedies listed in the Repertory for a range of 'psoric' conditions... sulp ac. lach.. kali-p.. myrt.. dros. arum-t. benz-ac. Spong.. stict. carb-s. Sulph. phos ac. ant-t. ol-j. kali-bi.. Bov.. calc-p...... With computer programs like Radar and Cara this task become a lot easier than it was in Kent's or Hahnemann's day... silica.. kali-p. sul-ac... teucr. graph. nux-v. hippoz. Psor.. platina.... kreos... ars-i.. calc. All-c... nit-ac.. petr. Arund. Iod. phos. kali-ar. Senec. fl-ac. naja.. nitrium..... sep. Hayfever (Kent p326) : Ail... Agar.. Taking some of Hahnemann's list of psoric conditions given above we can find the corresponding remedies as follows: Phthisis (Kent p879) : Acet-ac. nat-m.. puls.mur ac.. Kali-c. Kali-s. gradually building up a master list of remedies that fit Psoric conditions. Calc..... Diabetes (Kent p691) : Acet-ac. plb.. elaps. Nat-m. brom.. alumn....... ars.. lac-d. Hep. zincum.. sil. card-m. ran-b. sang.. kali-n. ph-ac. Sin-n.. ferr-p..... oxac. .. kali-i. guai.... Psor... gels. led.. aml-n. Sabad. dulc. Zinc.... Calc-p. euphr.. bar-m. dulc. wye. Lyc. samb. bufo... sars. This means checking carefully all the symptoms and repertorising for all of them.. brom.. nat carb.. seneg.. carb-v.. cycl. sepia.... This exercise was highly recommended by Kent as a sure way of fixing in the mind the remedies of a particular miasm. ferr-i. still.. calc-s. carb-an. iod. Ther.. Phos... mill. con.. Stann. sang. chlor.. It is also an excellent introduction to the miasms generally and is good for revision purposes.. stannum. bad. amc.
. kali-bi... anac. arg-n.. Barm. card-m... Lyc.. Carb-s.. bry. Calc-s. Calc. nat-m. Ars.. Con. Phyt.. Phos.. merc... rhus-v. fl-ac. kreos... lec...... Phac. am-m... canth.. sabin. Rhus-t. cor-r.... nat-p. sarr. nuph.. Bov.. pic-ac.. caps.. lach. caust..... staph. astac.. petr. bell. cycl...... lith. bell... kali-p. lyc... merc-c. kali-s. phyt.. Lyc. cop.. Psoriasis (Kent p1316) : Alum. Jug-r.... ant-c. hydr... bufo.. anan... carb-v... Plb. am-c... iod.. carb-ac. sil. crot-h...... aur.... cur. Lycps.. hep. carb-ac.... Psor.... sul-ac.. arg-n.. ran-b.. Eczema (Kent p1312) : Alum.. carb-v....... Varices lower limbs (Kent p1223) : Ambr. zinc.... chin. Olnd. iris.. conv. carb-ac....... sars. calc. thuj.... mang... sulph... kali-ar. carb-s. am-c. hep.. berb. Mez. ambr.. caust. ferr.. tell.. Lappa-m...... mosch. Lyc. carb-v. dulc. crot-t. spig. chel. am-c. viol-t.. sil. mag-s. Helon. nit-ac.... ran-b. bor. kali-n... Tarent. calc-f.. kali-br.. led.. teucr.... rat.. lac-d. phos. lac-c... chel. carb-s..... phos.. sec... iris. com. Calc. sars. nat-s. calc-p. nit-ac.. aster... lob. chin. ars....camph..... kali-ar. agar. cupr...... aur...... apis.. carb-an. aur-m.... iris.. nat-m. kali-chl. clem. cocc.. aur. cic. clem. bor. Ars. podo. chin-a.... Graph.. mez.. kali-p... morph.. Dulc. Sep. Carb-v. sep. kreos. ferr-ar. clem. kali-chl. ars-i. plb. graph. lyss.. Jug-c.. lycps.... Herpetic skin eruptions (Kent p1312) : Acet-ac. Hep. lact-ac. rhus-t. lith.. grat. coff.. kali-ar. kali-c... colch. thuj. anac... med.. bar-c. sal-ac. thuj.. lach. calc-s. thuj... hell.. alum. Calc. sil. merc. brom.. lach........ puls. cupr... kali-s. caust... crot-h.... Fl-ac... Uran. Sul-i. psor... Crot-t. bor. nit-ac.. sul-ac.... bry.. calad. vip.. sulph. Ter...... hep... bar-m.. canth....... ferr-m.. led.. Arn. Arsi..... Ham... elaps..... nat-s. Sulph... Cic...... Puls. Clem. kali-c. sars.... ars.. merc-i-r. Calc-s. dol. Petr.. Graph. bufo.. op.. sil. Ars-i. ambr. . cist. petr.. cadm.. Dulc. hyos. cupr. Zinc. mag-c. calad. cycl. ph-ac.... bry. sulph..
p14).. Tell. buboes (p541). lach...... tarax. diabetes (p691)... spig. led. ph-ac.. swollen tonsils (p469).. swollen neck glands (p474). goitre (pp471). kali-ar. sabad. psor. mez. kali-i. long sightedness (p280). Sulph. leprosy (p1314).. olnd. nat-p...iod. cataract (p236).. nux-v... Sil.. asthma (p763). valer.. itching anus (p622). varicosities .. short sightedness (p283). lack of reaction (p1397). plb.... iris. thuj. deafness (p323).. viol-t. hair loss (p120). dandruff (p114). kalm.. mang. sars. The symptoms were as follows: TB (p879). kali-c.. It is these that are the major Psoric remedies. pso riasis (p1316). offensive stools (p640).. kali-p.... ran-b. TB pituitous (p879). spong.. liver (p563). swollen axillary glands (p880 1)... In essence..... ruta... leukaemia (p1370). squil. staph.. ran-s. Sep. kali-chl. mag-m.. nat-s. nat-a... haemorrhoids (p619). kali-n. kreos. mosch. puls. Lyc.... Since the 1950's it has been claimed that Tuberculosis and Cancer have developed into new miasms in their own right. indurated glands neck (p472). nit-ac. Nat-m. cancer lupus (p1346). insanity (p56). sul-ac.. mur-ac... this is the method Hahnemann himself used to establish both the miasms and their corresponding remedies.. manc. zinc. Rhus-t. petr. rob. par. The idea is then to compact this data down by deleting all those remedies that only occur once or twice and then totalling up all the scores until we get a master list of 40 or so highest scoring remedies.. 59 symptoms and major conditions were selected and repertorised using Kent's Rep... blindness (p281). TB incipient (p879). lac-c. Merc. tooth decay (p431)... cancer (p1346). scabies (p1318).. stann. takes cold easily (p1349).... nat-c. kali-s. teucr.. most probably as offshoots of what Hahnemann termed the 'Hydra headed Psora miasm' (The Chronic Diseases... mag-c. phos. rumx.
Jaundice (p1307). Haemoptysis (p813). Psoriasis (p1316). All of these are assumed to be broadly psoric in accordance with Hahnemann's descriptions of the miasm. Eczema (p1312). offensive foot sweats (p1183). and if Hahnemann's list. Herpetic skin eruptions (p1312).(p1223). leprosy or plague. I have assumed. epilepsy. Also included are those symptoms as major past or present diseases. the assertions of Juncker and my own observations regarding Psorinum and conditions are all correct then the . which I have assumed to be predominantly more psoric than syph or sycotic. or they are skin disorders in their own right. that they are derived from suppressed scabies. numbness (limbs p1035). cracking joints (p970). like Hahnemann. Crusty skin eruptions (p1310). halitosis (p409). The symptoms come from Chronic Diseases pp52 77 and include the expanded list he gives plus those listed by Juncker. nasal crusts (p330). sweaty feet (p1183). If the symptoms used in this analysis are truly psoric. Hydrocephalus (p128). ringworm. pleurisy (p836). These symptoms were chosen as they are in the list given by Hahnemann as of 'latent psora' or they are major diseases of modern life. if the scoring system adopted here is OK. hayfever (p326). worms (p634). They are disorders mentioned in Hahnemann's Chronic Diseases as often being the products of suppressed itch. perianal moisture (p623). expanded list. Scrotal swelling (p712). if Kent's Repertory is generally accurate. foul flatus (p618). which many take to be a confirmation of the Psora doctrine. Stomach ulcers (p531). swollen inguinal glands (p603). ulcers on legs (p1231). Dysuria (p656). chilblains (p955). To an extent one major justification for choosing these symptoms is that they have all increased during for choosing these symptoms is that they have all increased during this century.
bromium. kali i. nat s. nux. cantharis. If a remedy is incapable of scoring more than 22 points out of a maximum of 120. anac. merc c. CALC. bry. plmb. caust. alum. carb v. carb an. And to be considered psoric a remedy must be profound. nit ac. podophy. phyt. crot h. secale. arg m. colch. They are important remedies but they are not truly psoric. bar m. ant t. These are Am m. borax. kali ar. kali s. sec. ledum. carb ac. bufo. ferr phos. petr. mag carb. cham. ferrum. PHOS. ars. platina. crot h. mur ac. led. digitalis. ambr. occculus. LYC. kali chlor. graph. mag c. aur. kali carb. I believe the claims made above are correct and that the remedies listed are not antipsorics. cist. The result was his list of 47. hep. ph ac. manganum. nat m. spongia. colchicum. psor. arg m. cocc. aur m. dulc. calc s. kali p. It is possible that Hahnemann based his list of 47 on what he knew about them at that time. ant c. selenium. ant t. cistus. mag mur. carb s. canth. camphor. nat phos. bovista. sarsap. merc c. carb ac. sang. anac. kreos. colocynthis. apis. clematis. chel. . It must cover the major diseases of humanity as well as the symptoms of latent psora. mez. merc. nat c. chin. con. LACH. bov. brom. calc p. plat. He simply fitted maybe? the symptoms of latent psora to those remedies he had proved at that time. nat ars. sep. mag m. podoph. iod. kali nit. med. fl ac. nat p. cupr. spigelia. sang. euphorbium. tarantula.following remedies cannot be seriously considered as being truly Psoric remedies. The preliminary results of repertorisation can be given as follows: agar. bar c. nat ar. ars i. veratrum. guaj. Puls. This exercise now reduces Hahnemann's original list of 47 antipsorics to 32. kali ci. then it cannot seriously be considered to cover that range and depth of major human diseases and is thus NOT a very profound remedy.
verat a. mag m. as the simillimum is what the patient needs. carb an. con. SULPH. tub. There are many remedies here that fail to match up in range or depth to our expectations of a truly psoric remedy. These are just possibilities. nat m. mag c. aur m. For example to a child born with syphilitic skin vesicles. graph. zinc Two other problem about miasms relate to a) where the miasms are stored and what they actually are and b) to how the miasms can be used in practice. they might give Syphilinum rather than the simillimum say Merc. ph ac. PHOS. NIT AC. thuja. CARB V. alumina. sul ac. Many would say 'what does it matter?' On the point about the use of miasms in treatment. On the first point it may be that the miasms are archetypes in the unconscious mind. The routine use of Psorinum. tarent. This would tend to be seen as an inappropriate use of the miasm concept. LYC. aur. ant c. bar c. SEP. caust. iod. spig. mez. am c. SUL. sul ac. It just indicates the main thrust. KALI C. . stann. or it may be that they are stored in the DNA or some other large molecule within the organism. cupr. stann. many people routinely give the corresponding nosode. nat c. However. Medorrhinum and Syphilinum is in general frowned upon because it is the simillimum that the patient needs and that will cure. Certainly the nosodes can do good work. hep. An alternative method using the page-length entry of the entry of each remedy in Hahnemann gives the following: agar. zinc. petr. spong. CALC. this is not the full results for the entire run. ARS. but it should be used when it be comes the simillimum not just routinely.SIL. anac. dulc. plat. staph. SIL. not the nosode.
Problems The miasm theory presents at least two main problems. the theory does present these two problems and all I can do here is to outline their nature. only very rarely. Though we do not have space here to discuss this in any great depth. Hering's Law claims that symptoms get better under treatment in the reverse order of their appearance. Iris. The miasms doctrine has also become unfortunately and perhaps unnecessarily tangled up both with Hering's Law and with Kentian metaphysics. Is this true? Under the influence of deep constitutional ie miasmatic . If they don't correspond to many persons then why are they classed as Psoric? Could it not be that they are more likely 'lesser remedies' that ape some of the features of true psorics? Maybe modern homoeopaths should more seriously question its validity. Bella donna and Rhus tox. So what if they do cure such conditions? Does this prove the theory wrong or are they bigger remedies than people thought? Another problem is whether all the so called 'miasmatic remedies' are really as important as they appear to be. etc cannot cure any chronic disorders. if all chronic disease is miasmatic then surely all curative remedies must be miasmatic remedies. How many people actually use Manganum. Am c. Thus Nux vom. Do such cases ever crop up in regular practice? If so. Clearly. Am m. Aconite. The first is whether it is real or not and the second is how it has been variously interpreted in homoeopathy and how it continues to be interpreted in the clinical situation and for guiding and interpreting the unfolding of symptoms in a case receiv ing treatment. etc. Both of which are suspect on a number of grounds relating directly to actual practice. from top downwards and from centre to circumference.
Autumn 1995. Repertory of Homoeopathic Medicines. Elizabeth. The Chronic Diseases. Lesser Writings Hahnemann. Long Term Treatment & Chronic Disease. Jain Miles. The Roots of Suffering: Buddhism and the Miasms.92-4 Hahnemann. Aphorisms and Precepts. pp. What if it isn't? Does that mean that the case is not cured or that the law is inaccurate? If the cure does not proceed in this way is it a true cure or merely a suppression? Is the remedy the true simillimum? Questions of this kind can lead straight into a wilderness of thorns and brambles where everything seems uncertain and painful! Finally. The Homoeopath 4:3. c1900.remedies the law should be confirmed in this way. 1984. Peter.35-37 Morrell. pp. Lesser Writings. The Homoeopath 11:3. 1987. pp. James Tyler. The Homeoopath. Issue 59. many years of observant practice are required to answer this question for yourself. The Homoeopath. 1995. 50. London Morrell. pp. Kent. Homoeopathy In The 21st Century. This somewhat snooty view of homoeopathy has been questioned before. What l ie miasmatic remedies the law should be confirmed in this way. Peter. Lectures on Homoeopathic Philosophy Kent. 1828. Sept 1991. 1993. The Homoeopath 3:3. Homoeopathic Health Revolution. On the nature of life. acting in that hallowed and rarefied realm of disease causation. London Morrell. 1900. Letter re Vital Force. 1995.453-460. Psorinum. on Kentian grounds the miasms and their remedies are regarded as 'high homoeopathy'. Martin. Peter. London Norland.77-82 . Prometheus Unbound 2:1. The Homoeopath. 1991. Jain Kent. Sources: Danciger. 1983. the ultimate and only true homoeopathy. 6:4. Is it a real claimant of the high ground or a pretender? Again. 1900.
A Comparison of The Chronic Miasms.Shemmer. Vital Force: a view to the future. C W Daniel Co Main . june 1993. Yair. 1993. pp. Phyllis. The Homoeopath 13:2.66-70 Speight. 1948.
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