This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

ˆ What is ℜ

r1=(x1,y1)

2

1

(from r1 to r)?

v ℜ1 = r − r1

r = (x,y)

B) (x1 − x, y1 − y)

Coulomb's law:

r kq q ˆ F(by 1 on 2) = 12 2 ℜ12 ℜ12

q1

In the fig, q1 and q2 are 2 m apart. Which arrow can represent

Answers are at the end

A) (x − x1 , y − y1 ) (x − x1 , y − y1 )

ˆ ℜ12

?

A

C)

( x − x1 ) + ( y − y1 )

2

2

C)

(x1 − x, y1 − y)

q1

2

q2

( x − x1 ) + ( y − y1 )

2

B

D) More than one (or NONE) of the above E) You can't decide until you know if q1 and q2 are the same or opposite signed charges

C

E) None of these

r ˆ A = A/| A |

3

4

5

Can I always use the Coulomb law in this form to calculate the force on a small charge at any point in vacuum if I know the location of all charges for all times? (Assume no conductors or dielectrics are present.) A) Yes, of course! It’s a law and laws are always true. B) No. The coulomb law works only for specific situations. C) I don’t know and my neighbor has no clue either.

Two charges +q and -q are on the y-axis, symmetric about the origin. Point A is an empty point in space on the x-axis. The direction of the E field at A is… y

+q A A. Up x B. Down -q C.Left D.Right E. Some other direction, or E = 0, or ambiguous

5 charges, q, are arranged in a regular pentagon, as shown. What is the E field at the center? q

q

q

A) Zero q q B) Non-zero C) Really need trig and a calculator to decide

6

7

8

**1 of the 5 charges has been removed, as shown. What’s the E field at the center?
**

a

To find the E- field at P from a thin line (uniform linear charge density λ):

r r E(r ) =

∫

λ dl'

3

r ℜ

E=

q

A) j q q B) -(k·q/a2) j C) +(4·k·q/a2)j D) -(4·k·q/a2)j E) Something entirely different! +(k·q/a2)

1 4 πε0

∫

q

+y

1 ˆ 2 ℜ λdl' ℜ

?

4 πε0ℜ

,so

Ex ( x,0,0) =

y

λ

4πε 0

∫K

y

What is

+x

v ℜ= ℜ

B) y'

dl'

r'

x

A) x C)

dl'2 + x 2

D)

x 2 + y '2

r

P=(x,0,0)

E) Something completely different!!

dy' x ∫ x3 dy' x B) ∫ 2 ( x + y '2 ) 3 / 2 dy' y ' C) ∫ 3 x dy' y' D) ∫ 2 ( x + y'2 )3 / 2 A)

dl'

r '= (0,y',0)

r ℜ

x

r

E ) Something else

P=(x,0,0)

1

Using the two Gaussian surfaces shown (A and B). What is ρ(r).. (c = constant.Y − y.?) 2 4 πε 0 ℜ ρ dxdydz (x. The closed surface consists of the flat end caps (labeled A and B) and the curved side surface (C). as shown.z) z 11 P=(X.Z ) y R x A positive point charge +q is placed outside a closed cylindrical surface as shown.y. flat. (Here c = constant. r = spherical radius vector) On Wednesday we found ρ(r) = 3c.Z − z) ρ dxdydz 2 2 2 (X − x) + (Y − y) + (Z − z) (X − x.21 Given a pair of very large.Y..Z ) ((X − x) 2 3/2 + (Y − y) 2 + (Z − z) 2 ) ρ dxdydz A (X − x. the charge density in all space? q A) B) C) D) r r ρ(r ) = q δ3 (R ) r r ρ(r ) = q δ3 (r ) r r r ρ(r ) = q δ3 (r − R ) r r r ρ(r ) = q δ3 (R − r ) R origin E) None of these or More than one of these 2 . What is the sign of the electric flux through surface C? (A) positive (B) negative (C) zero (D) not enough information given to decide P=(X. what is the E field in the region OUTSIDE the plates? A B You have an E field given by E = c r/ε0. r = spherical radius vector) What is the charge density ρ(r)? A) c B) c r C) 3 c D) 3 c r^2 Do it these is white E) None of on your correct board! A) B) C) D) E) +σ σ/2ε0 + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + σ/ε0 2σ/ε0 + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + 4σ/ε0 +σ It depends on the choice of surface Given E = c r/ε0..z) D) None of these R B C x B)∫ C) ∫ (X.Y − y.Z) z y (x.y. A point charge q is at position R.Y. uniform volume charge density ρ) using E= A)∫ 1 4πε0 ∫ 1 ˆ 1 ℜ ρ dτ = • (.Y. of radius R? Hint: Can you find it two DIFFERENT ways? A) (4/3) π c B) 4 π c C) (4/3) π c R^3 D) 4 π c R^3 E) None of these is correct 15 16 17 What are the units of δ(x) if x is measured in meters? A) B) C) D) E) δ is dimension less (‘no units’) [m]: Unit of length [m2]: Unit of length squared [m-1]: 1 / (unit of length) [m-2]: 1 / (unit of length squared) What are the units of δ3(r) if the components of r are measured in meters? A) B) C) D) E) [m]: Unit of length [m2]: Unit of length squared [m-1]: 1 / (unit of length) [m-2]: 1 / (unit of length squared) None of these.Z − z) D) ∫ ρ dxdydz 3/2 ((X − x) 2 + (Y − y) 2 + (Z − z)2 ) A q C B q E) None of these (Side View) 12 13 14 2.9 10 To find E at P from a negatively charged sphere (radius R.Y. What is the total charge Q enclosed by an imaginary sphere centered on the origin. charged plates with surface charge densities +σ.Z) what is ℜ (given the small volume element shown)? 1 ˆ E= ∫ 2 ℜ ρ dτ ' 4πε0 r ℜ 1 2 2 2 (X − x) + (Y − y) + (Z − z) (X.

) V(r) is positive but smaller than kq/r V(r) is positive but larger than kq/r V(r) is negative V(r) doesn’t change (V is independent of choice of reference) 24 25 A uniformly charged ring. or V(r) B) Could be E(r). The voltage (or ‘potential V(r)’) is zero at a point in space. including the origin. except at origin (zero at origin) A B C D (No fair computing the answer. What is the voltage at z on the z-axis? A) z C) kQ a kQ a 2 + z2 B) kQ z Given a sphere with uniform surface charge density σ (and no other charges anywhere else) what can you say about the potential V inside this sphere? (Assume as usual. centered on the origin. Non-zero everywhere. as shown. V(∞)=0) A) V=0 everywhere inside B) V = non-zero constant everywhere inside C) V must vary with position. What is the direction of the E field at the point P shown? A) 45° P λ B) Less than 45° C) horizontal 19 20 A point charge q is at position R. where c = constant . the charge density in all space? q Consider the 3D vector field r r r ˆ V(r) = c 2 r in spherical coordinates.18 An infinite rod has uniform charge density λ. Get answer from your brain. but can't be V(r) C) Can't be E(r). You can conclude that : A) The E-field is zero at that point. +q R r ∞ The divergence of this vector field (is:) R. including the origin.) 21 22 23 Consider the vector field r r ˆ V(r) = c r where c = constant . What is ρ(r). B) The E-field is non-zero at that point C) You can conclude nothing at all about the Efield at that point We usually choose V(r ∞) ≡ 0 when calculating the potential of a point charge to be V(r) = +κq/r. but is zero at the center.I A) B) C) D) Zero everywhere except at the origin Zero everywhere including the origin Non-zero everywhere. has radius a and total charge Q = 2π·λ·a V(r = ∞) = 0. r r A) ρ(r ) = q δ3 (R ) r r B) ρ(r ) = q δ3 (r ) r r r C) ρ(r ) = q δ3 (r − R ) r r r D) ρ(r ) = q δ3 (R − r ) R origin The divergence of this vector field is: A) B) C) D) M Zero everywhere except at the origin Zero everywhere including the origin Non-zero everywhere. Get answer from your brain. except at origin (zero at origin) Origin E) None of these or More than one of these (No fair computing the answer. in the xy plane. could be V(r) D) Can't be either E) ??? E) None of these a 3 . D) None of these. 26 kQ D) 2 a + z2 Could this be a plot of |E|(r)? Or V(r)? (for SOME physical situation?) A) Could be E(r). Non-zero everywhere. How does the potential V(r) change if we choose our reference point to be V(R)=0 where R is closer to +q than r.

to left C) |E| > 0. (but. A charge +q is placed in the center of the hollow. Which shell has higher voltage? [V(r=∞) = 0] A) Sphere A B) Sphere B C) Both have same voltage. E – How should I know. A point charge +q sits outside a solid neutral copper sphere of radius A. What is the E-field at the center of the sphere? Equilibrium situation. qc. What is the total charge on the outside surface of the copper sphere? (Assume Electrostatic equilibrium. to right D) E = 0 E)None of these A) |E| = kq/r2. are far apart and each has charge Q. A point charge +q sits outside.) What is the magnitude of the E-field a distance r from qc. right at the center. A point charge +q sits outside. A charge +qc is in the hole. labeled A and B. D – Must be something else. Sphere B is bigger than sphere A. What would be the final KE of the top charge if you released it (keeping the other two fixed) Three identical charges +q sit on an equilateral triangle. but with zero net total charge +q on interior surface C) Non-zero with nonzero net total charge on interior surface. r A +q B) kq/r2 > |E| > 0. A) |E| = kqc/r2 r +q B) |E| = k(qc-Q)/r2 C) |E| = 0 D) None of these! / it’s hard to compute 35 A HOLLOW copper sphere has total charge +Q. to left A point charge +q is near a neutral copper sphere with a hollow interior space. SHIFTED right a bit. A charge.) What does the E field look like in the hole? A) Simple Coulomb field (straight away from qc. which we expressed by squaring the E-field. The charge q is a distance r > A from the center. right up to the wall) B) Complicated/ it’s hard to compute +q A) Zero B) -q C) +q D) 0 < qouter < +q E) -q < qouter < 0 +q +qc +qc +Q +Q 4 . I don’t do the reading assignments. 33 34 A neutral copper sphere has a spherical hollow in the center. but the second one is positive (or zero)? A – We did a mistake in the derivation. is in the hole. (Assume static equilibrium. What would be the final KE of the top charge if you released all three? Two isolated spherical shells of charge. still inside the hole) . In equilibrium.) qouter = ? A HOLLOW copper sphere has total charge +Q. the surface charge density σ on the interior of the hollow space is… A) Zero everywhere σ=? B) Non-zero.27 28 29 +Q A +Q B Three identical charges +q sit on an equilateral triangle. D) Unable to tell. C – Energy is always a positive quantity. assume static equilibrium. on the right side. B –The second expression also contains the energy required to make the charges. A) C) 1 q2 4πε 0 a 1 2q 2 4πε0 a B) D) 1 2q 2 4πε 0 3a 1 3q 2 4πε 0 a A) C) 1 q2 4πε 0 a 1 2q 2 4πε0 a B) D) 1 2q 2 4πε 0 3a 1 3q 2 4πε 0 a E) None of these E) None of these 30 31 32 During the last class we found that the energy stored in a particular arrangement of charges can be expressed as: W sys = ½ ∑ qi·Vi(ri) or as: W sys = ½ ∫ E2 dτ’ Why can the first expression be negative. (As usual.

flat. both with the same area and the same charge Q. flat. Ignoring edges.. conducting capacitor plates with total charges +Q and –Q.σ/ε0 2σ/ε0 4σ/ε0 Something else . could it be in stable equilibrium? +q +q ρ=0 throughout this interior region ρ=0 A) Yes B) No C) ??? Earnshaw's Theorem +q +q +q +q +q +q 5 . PE1=PE2 D) C1=C2. PE1>PE2 E) Some other combination! +2Q -2Q 38 +q +qc +Q A) All minus charges...- -Q #2 +Q -Q 42 A region of space contains no charges.. What can I say about V in the interior? A) Not much. A charge.. is this electrostatic situation physically stable? -Q + + + + + + Q + + + + + + Given a pair of very large.σ. uniformly spread out B) Minus charges close to qc. PE1=PE2 C) C1=C2. is in the hole. #1 +Q -Q A)Yes B)No C)??? -Q- + + + + + + +Q + + + + + +Q A) B) C) D) E) σ/2ε0 ... C) V(r)=constant everywhere in the interior 43 A region of space contains no charges. (Assume static equilibrium.) What does the charge distribution look like on the inner surface of the hole? Given a pair of very large. there are lots of possibilities for V(r) in there B) V(r)=0 everywhere in the interior. plus charges opposite qc C) All minus but more close to qc and fewer opposite D) All plus but more opposite qc and fewer close E) Not enough information -Q A) Throughout each plate B) Uniformly on both side of each plate C) Uniformly on top of + Q plate and bottom of –Q plate D) Uniformly on bottom of +Q plate and top of –Q plate E) Something else #2 +Q -Q 40 39 Two very strong (big C) ideal capacitors are well separated. Which has more capacitance? More stored energy? #1 A) C1>C2.. Capacitor #1 has twice the charge of #2. Which has more stored potential energy? A) #1 has twice the stored energy B) #1 has more than twice C) They both have the same D) #2 has twice the stored energy E) #2 has more than twice. conducting capacitor plates with surface charge densities +/. What if they are connected by one thin conducting wire. +qc. Capacitor #1 has twice the gap of Capacitor #2.. what is the equilibrium distribution of the charge? +Q You have two parallel plate capacitors. A point charge +q sits outside.36 37 A HOLLOW copper sphere has total charge +Q. What can I say about V in the interior? V=0 A) Not much. C) V(r)=constant everywhere in the interior 44 If you put a + test charge at the center of this cube of charges.. The boundary has V=0 everywhere. SHIFTED right a bit. what is the E field in the region between the plates? + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + 41 You have two parallel plate capacitors. there are lots of possibilities for V(r) in there B) V(r)=0 everywhere in the interior. PE1>PE2 B) C1>C2. both with the same area and the same gap size...

h(z) only depends on ‘z’ but not on ‘z’ and ‘y’. Given the boundary conditions in the figure.) B) At least one of these functions has to be zero everywhere. which coordinate should be assigned to the negative constant (and thus the sinusoidal solutions)? A) x B) y C) C1= C2=0 here D) It doesn’t matter 6 . as shown. a≠0 etc. g(y) only depends on ‘y’ but not on ‘x’ and ‘z’. z. g(y) and h(z).) where C1+C2 = 0. y. If f(x) + g(y) + h(z) = 0 for all x. y. conducting spheres? 1 -2 -1 -1 1 2 x B) Something else. If they are connected by 2 thin conducting wires. C) All of these functions have to be zero everywhere. D) All three functions have to be linear functions in x. then: 53 Given the two diff. eq's: 1 d 2X = C1 X dx 2 1 d 2Y = C2 Y dy 2 B) Something more complicated +Q d z y x r A) All three functions are constants (i. +Q dz y x 2 -2 -3. What's the energy of this system? −Q 2 A) 4 πε0 (2d) 49 Two solutions for positive C are sinh x and cosh x : 33 Sinh and cosh 1 2 50 Is this a stable charge distribution for two neutral. f(x) only depends on ‘x’ but not on ‘y’ and ‘z’. What is E(r) for points above the slab? A) Simple Coulomb’s law: r r r Q ℜ E(r ) = 4πε 0 ℜ 3 r r ˆ with ℜ = (r − d z ) 52 Say you have three functions f(x).3 - - + + + + + - - + + + + + Which is which? A)Curve 1 is sinh x and curve 2 is cosh x B)Curve 1 is cosh x and curve 2 is sinh x A) Yes B) No C) ??? 51 A point charge +Q sits above a very large grounded conducting slab. z at all.e. y. is this electrostatic situation physically stable? -Q+ + + + + +Q + + + + + + 46 A point charge +Q sits above a very large grounded conducting slab. they do not depend on x.45 Two very strong (big C) ideal capacitors are well separated. What's the electric force on +Q? A) 0 C) Q2 4πε 0 d 2 47 Which of the following cases could actually occur above and below a sheet of surface charge? B) Q2 downwards 4πε 0 (2d)2 E1 E1 A)Yes B)No C)??? -Q- + + + + + + +Q + + + + + downwards A +++++++++++++++++ B +++++++++++++++++ E2 E1 E2 E1 D) Something more complicated +Q dz y x C +++++++++++++++++ D +++++++++++++++++ E2 E2 E: None of these 48 A point charge +Q sits above a very large grounded conducting slab. or z respectively (such as f(x)=ax.

4 m above the middle of the base in the two troughs? A) Same in each B) 4x bigger in #1 C) 4x bigger in #2 D) much bigger in #1 E) much bigger in #2 y x 60 61 P0 (cosθ ) = 1. θ) = V0. V(R. The uniqueness theorem says this scenario is impossible. there are never two independent solutions! C) It is a definite yes or no.. it cannot be done B) It would require an infinite sum of terms C) It would only involve P2 D) It would involve all three of P0.54 Given the two diff.. V(R. Which terms do you expect to appear when finding V(inside) ? A) Many Al terms (but no Bl's) B) Many Bl terms (but no Al's) C) Just A0 D) Just B0 E) Something else! 7 . eq's: 56 1 d X = C1 X dx 2 2 1 d Y = C2 Y dy 2 2 1 d X = C1 X dx 2 2 1 d Y = C2 Y dy 2 2 The X(x) equation in this problem involves the "positive constant" solutions: A sinh(kx) + B cosh(kx) where C1+C2 = 0. eq's: 55 Given the two diff.3. i.e. Which coordinate should be assigned to the negative constant (and thus the sinusoidal solutions)? What do the boundary conditions say about A and B? A) A=0 (pure cosh) B) B=0 (pure sinh) A) x B) y A) x B) y C) C1= C2=0 here D) It doesn’t matter C) C1= C2=0 here D) It doesn’t matter C) Neither: you should rewrite this in terms of A ekx + B e-kx ! D) Other/not sure? 57 58 2π What is the value of ∫ sin(2 x ) sin(3x )dx 0 ? A) Zero B) π C) 2π D) π/2 E) Something else/how could I possibly know this? Suppose V1(r) and V2(r) are linearly independent functions which both solve Laplace's equation.y) compare. Which coordinate should be assigned to the negative constant (and thus the sinusoidal solutions)? where C1+C2 = 0. y) = 4V0 π ∑ n =1. 2 2 P1 (cosθ ) = cosθ 5 3 P3 (cosθ ) = cos3 θ − cosθ 2 2 2 Can you write the function V0 ⋅ (1 + cos θ ) ∞ B V ( r . 3 1 P2 (cosθ ) = cos2 θ − . θ ) = ∑ Al r l + l +l1 Pl (cos θ ) r l =0 62 ∞ B V ( r .. Which terms do you expect to appear when finding V(outside) ? A) Many Al terms (but no Bl's) B) Many Bl terms (but no Al's) C) Just A0 D) Just B0 E) Something else!! Suppose V on a spherical shell is constant.. 59 V (x. ∇2V = 0 Does aV1(r)+bV2(r) also solve it (with ‘a’ and ‘b' constants)? A) Yes. but the reasons given above just aren't right! D) It depends. θ ) = ∑ Al r l + l +l1 Pl (cos θ ) r l =0 as a sum of Legendre Polynomials? V0 (1+ cos2 θ ) = ∑ Cl Pl (cosθ ) l= 0 ??? ∞ A) No. θ) = V0.5. P1 AND P2 E) Something else/none of the above Suppose V on a spherical shell is constant.e. ∞ 1 sin(nπ x / a)e− nπ y / a n How does V(x. The Laplacean is a linear operator B) No. i.

D) The formula doesn't apply. When can you use the expression: v V (r ) = v ˆ 1 p⋅ r 4 πε0 r 2 If the dipole p points in the z direction. what does the formula predict for the direction of E(r=0)? A)Down B) Up A) Down B) Up C) some other direction C) some other direction D) The formula doesn't apply.θ ) = ∑ Al r l + l +1 Pl (cosθ ) r l= 0 64 Suppose V on a spherical shell is V (R. C) The dipole moment is zero. +q and -q a finite distance d apart. Using E = -∇V we can find the E-field in spherical ∇ coordinates: r v Edip (r) = p ˆ ˆ 2 cos θ r + sin θ θ 4πε0 r 3 For a collection of point charges. B) It's valid for large r C) It's valid for small r D) ? 8 . D) The dipole moment is undefined. +2q y r1 d -q r2 x i ( ) z + d x - For the dipole p = q d shown.θ ) = V0 (1+ cos2 θ ) Which terms do you expect to appear when finding V(inside) ? A) Many Al terms (but no Bl's) B) Many Bl terms (but no Al's) C) Just A0 and A2 D) Just B0 and B2 E) Something else! How many boundary conditions (on the potential V) do you use to find V Boundary conditions: sigma inside the thin plastic spherical shell? 65 How many boundary conditions (on Boundary conditions: sigma the potential V) do you use to find V for this thin plastic spherical shell? σ 0 (θ ) A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) depends on σ 0 A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) depends on σ 0 σ 0 (θ ) 66 67 68 For a dipole at the origin pointing in the z-direction. what does the formula predict for the direction of E(r=0)? For the dipole p = q d shown. Which statement is true? A) The dipole moment is independent of the origin. +2q and –q. 69 70 71 Griffiths argues that the force on a neutral dipole in an external E field is: r r r r F = ( p • ∇) Eext Griffiths argues that ther forceron r neutral a r dipole in an E field is: F = ( p • ∇)E ext If the dipole p points in the z direction.63 ∞ Bl V (r. what can you say about E if I tell you the force is in the x direction? A) E simply points in the x direction B) Ez must depend on x C) Ez must depend on z D) Ex must depend on x E) Ex must depend on z You have a physical dipole. we have derived r v Edip (r) = p ˆ ˆ 2 cos θ r + sin θ θ 4πε0 r 3 ( ) z + d x - At the end of last class we derived the potential for a dipole at the origin pointing in the z-direction. the dipole moment is defined as v v p = ∑ qi ri Consider the two charges. what direction is the force? A) Also in the z direction B) perpendicular to z C) it could point in any direction D) the force is zero because the dipole is neutral A) This is an exact expression everywhere. B) The dipole moment depends on the position of the origin. shown.

σb. or more than one of these! (Note: for any which you did not select. ρb=0 B) repulsive (to the right) Physical dipoles idealized dipoles C) zero +Q + 9 . The net electrostatic force on the block due to the point charge is A) attractive (to the left) A) σb = 0. ρb=0 D) σb ≠ 0. ρb=0 Physical dipoles idealized dipoles A) σb = 0. on the bottom surface? A) zero P0 B) P0 a3 3 P /3 C) 4πa 0 D) P0 E) None of these/must be more complicated A) 0 B) -P0 C) P0 D) P0 A h E) P0 A P0 78 79 80 In the following case. height h) has been polarized. or more than one of these! (Note: for any which you did not select. ρb=0 D) σb ≠ 0.) C) I have no idea L A dielectric slab (top area A. ρb≠0 B) σb ≠ 0.72 73 74 Which charge distributions below produce a potential which looks like C/r2 (=dominant term in V(r)) when you are far away? Which charge distributions below produce a potential which looks primarily like C/r2 when you are far away? The cube below (side a) has uniform polarization P0 (which points in the z direction. with P=P0 (in the +z direction) What is the surface charge density. is the bound surface and volume charge zero or nonzero? In the following case. how DO they behave at large r?) A) zero B) a3 P0 C) P0 D) P0 /a3 E) 2 P0 a2 z x 75 The sphere below (radius a) has uniform polarization P0 (which points in the z direction.) What is the total dipole moment of this cube? E) None of these.’) B) Of course they are! They are as real as it gets! (Like σ and ρ in Chapter 2. how DO they behave at large r?) E) None of these. ρb≠0 C) σb = 0. ρb≠0 B) σb ≠ 0.) What is the total dipole moment of this sphere? 76 77 Are σb and ρb due to real charges? A) Of course not! They are as fictitious as it gets! (Like in the ‘method of images. ρb≠0 C) σb = 0. is the bound surface and volume charge zero or nonzero? A stationary point charge +Q is near a block of polarizable material (a linear dielectric).

A neutral linear dielectric is inserted into the gap (with given dielectric constant εr) Now that we have D in the dielectric. but q/(4 π r2) for r>R E) None of the above. Now that we have D in the dielectric. 88 89 ∫∫ D ⋅ da = Q r r Α free +σf −σB +σB −σf An ideal (large) capacitor has charge Q. dielectric hemispherical shell. A point charge +q is placed at the center of a neutral. what is Qfree. ∫∫ D ⋅ da = Q r r Α free +σf −σB +σB −σf + + + + + q + + + . A neutral linear dielectric with ε=ε0εr is inserted into the gap. it's more complicated r 2) We introduced "Electric Displacement" or "D" field: D =ε0E + P. adding a new field. linear. A)Eext B) Einduced C)Etot 85 84 86 A point charge +q is placed at the center of a neutral. it polarizes. what is E in that small gap above the dielectric ? +Q −σB A) E = D ε0 εr +σB B) E = D/(ε0εr) -Q C) E = Dε0 D) E = D/ε0 E) Not so simple! Need another method −σB What is |D| in the dielectric? A) σf B) 2σ f C) σf / 2 D) σf + σb E) Something else A) E = D ε0 εr +σB B) E = D/ε0εr -Q C) E = D ε0 D) E = D/ε0 E) Not so simple! Need another method 10 . dielectric spherical shell.enclosed? + A) σf Α D) (σf + σB)Α B) −σB Α C) (σf − σB)Α E) Something else 87 An ideal (large) capacitor has charge Q. The shell polarizes due to the point charge. We want to find D in the dielectric. The shell polarizes due to the point charge. For the Gaussian pillbox shown. A neutral linear dielectric is inserted into the gap. linear. making a total field Etot. Is the curl of the polarization P zero everywhere? + + + + + q - An ideal (large) capacitor has charge Q. what is E inside the dielectric ? +Q An ideal (large) capacitor has charge Q. linear.81 We define D =ε0E + P. These superpose. Which of these three E fields is the "E" in the formula for D above? A point charge +q is placed at the center of a neutral. Is the curl of the polarization P zero everywhere? A) Yes B) No C)Depends on the inner radius of the dielectric. There are no other free charges anywhere. Einduced (from the bound charges).+ A) Yes B) No C)Depends on the inner radius of the dielectric. We want to find D in the dielectric. If you put a dielectric in an external field Eext. but q/(4 π ε r2) for r>R C) q/(4 π r 0 D) q/(4 π ε0 r2) for r<R. A neutral linear dielectric is inserted into the gap. with 82 83 r r ∫∫ D ⋅ da = Q free A point charge +q is placed at the center of a dielectric sphere (radius R). Can D be computed from its divergence? ∫∫ D ⋅ da = Q + q r r free A) Yes B) No C)Depends on the inner radius of the dielectric. What is |D(r)|? R + +q A) q/(4 π everywhere B) q/(4 π ε0 r2) everywhere 2) for r<R. dielectric hemispherical shell.

another below.90 An ideal (large) capacitor has charge Q. Which formula will the voltage satisfy at the boundary? ∂V −σ tot ∂V − = A) ∂V − ∂V = −σ free B) ε0 ∂n out ∂n in ε0 ∂n out ∂n in C) ε out ∂V ∂n − ε in out A. the boundary) There are no free charges in the regions considered. or MORE than one. It gets pushed out from the capacitor C. 96 97 A proton (q=+e) is released from rest in a uniform E and uniform B. A neutral linear dielectric is inserted into the gap (with given dielectric constant) +Q 92 Where is E discontinuous? i) near the free charges on the plates ii) near the bound charges on the dielectric surface A) i only B) ii only C) both i and ii (but nowhere else) D) both i and ii but also other places E) none of these/other/??? −σB +σB -Q Where is D discontinuous? i) near the free charges on the plates ii) near the bound charges on the dielectric surface A) i only B) ii only C) both i and ii (but nowhere else) D) both i and ii but also other places E) none of these/other/??? We argued that C goes UP by a factor of εr if you fill a capacitor with dielectric. What happens to the stored energy of a capacitor if it’s filled with a dielectric? A) It goes up B) It goes down C) It is unchanged D)The answer depends on what else is “held fixed” (V? Q?) −σB +σB -Q 93 94 If we push this dielectric inside the isolated capacitor.. to the left C) No D) Not enough information given 98 Current I flows down a wire (length L) with a square cross section (side a) If it is uniformly distributed over the entire wire area. E points up. another below. E) None of these. Which formula will the voltage satisfy at the boundary? −σ A) V out − V in = 0 B) V out − V in = tot ε0 C) ε out V out 95 You have a boundary between two linear dielectric materials (εr has one value above. Is there a net current through the liquid? A) Yes. to the right B) Yes. will it be drawn into the capacitor or repelled? DIELECTRIC You have a boundary between two linear dielectric materials (εr has one value above. B points into the page.. It gets sucked into the capacitor B. Which of the paths will the proton initially follow? C D Positive ions flow right through a liquid. the boundary) There are no free charges in the regions considered. what is the magnitude of the volume current density J? A) J = I /a2 C) K = J /(4a) B) J = I /a D) A B J = I /(a 2 L) E.. The spatial density and speed of both ions types are identical. − ε in V in =0 D) ε out V out − ε in V in = − σ tot ε0 ∂V ∂n = −σ free = 0 in D) ε out ∂V ∂n − ε in out ∂V ∂n = −σ bound in E) None of these. A neutral linear dielectric is inserted into the gap (with given dielectric constant) +Q 91 An ideal (large) capacitor has charge Q. It will remain stationary E) None of the above (To think about: what happens after longer times?) 11 .. negative ions flow left. or MORE than one.I just don’t know.

99 Current I flows down a wire (length L) with a square cross section (side a) If it is uniformly distributed over the outer surfaces only. what's ℜ here?) A) Up the page B) Directly away from dl (in the plane of the page) C) Into the page D) Out of the page E) Some other direction 12 . below. which purple vector best represents ℜ ? D) E) Not sure/can't remember E) None of these is close! 105 To find the magnetic field B due to a current-carrying wire. below. with “dl” shown. what is the magnitude of the surface current density K? A) K = I / a 2 100 B) K = I /a D) K = I /(a 2 L) A "ribbon" (width ‘a’) of surface current flows (with surface current density ‘K’) Right next to it is a second identical ribbon of current. total mass is conserved B) Charge is conserved. total mass is conserved D) Charge is not conserved. Only the length b along the ribbon is in the field. v v B( r ) = 0 I ∫ R2 4π What is the magnitude of v ˆ ℜ dl × R ? 2 R b) d) 106 To find the magnetic field B due to a current-carrying wire. v v µ dl × R B( r ) = 0 What is the value of r ˆ I dl × R ? R2 4π I∫ R2 ℜ ˆ Ix'dx' y [(x') 2 + y 2 ]3 / 2 ˆ ˆ −Iydx' z y e) −Idx'(yˆ − x' x ) [(x') 2 + y 2 ]3 / 2 [(x') 2 + y 2 ]3 / 2 What is the direction of the infinitesimal contribution dB(P) created by current in dl? a) dl sin θ ℜ2 c) dl cosθ ℜ2 dl sin θ ℜ3 dl cosθ ℜ3 a) e) dl ℜ2 ˆ Iydx' z b) [(x') 2 + y 2 ]3 / 2 ˆ −Ix'dx' y d) [(x') 2 + y 2 ]3 / 2 c) (And. Viewed collectively. total mass is not conserved C) Charge is not conserved. v v dl × R µ B( r ) = 0 I ∫ 4π R2 In the figure. B( r ) = µ0 I dl × R 4π 107 ∫ R2 To find the magnetic field B at P due to a current-carrying wire we use the Biot-Savart v ˆ law. what is the new total surface current density? a A) K B) 2K C) K/2 D) Something else 101 A "ribbon" (width a) with uniform surface current density K passes through a uniform magnetic field Bext. What is the magnitude of the force on the ribbon? A) KB B) aKB C) abKB D) bKB/a E) KB/(ab) a b Bext K C) K = I /(4a) E) None of the above 102 103 Is the total net charge in the universe conserved? How about the total mass? A) Which of the following is a statement of charge conservation? Charge Conservation r r ∂ρ = − ∫ J • dl ∂t B) 104 A) Charge is conserved. we use the v ˆ µ dl × R Biot-Savart law. we use the r ˆ v v Biot-Savart law. total mass is not conserved E) Dude! How should I know? r r ∂ρ = − ∫∫ J • dA ∂t r ∂ρ = −∇ • J ∂t C) r ∂ρ = − ∫∫∫ (∇ • J) dτ ∂t To find the magnetic field B at P due to a current-carrying wire we use the Biotv ˆ Savart law.

In which direction is the force on the wire with the current I2? s I I (What direction does it point?) A) Up B) Down C) Right D) Left E) Into or out of the page I1 I2 B) µ0 I 2π s A) B(p) in plane of page. D) Neither of the above. parallel wires each carrying a current I1 and I2. z ) = o 4π = − z ∫∫ da xy v v K ×ℜ ℜ3 / 2 r r Rank order ∫∫ J • dA (over blue surfaces) where J is uniform. we use the Biot-Savart law. 0. ditto for dB(P. No C. by red) out of page D) B(p) complicated . What approach would you choose to calculate the B-field generated by this electron? v eA) Biot-Savart B) Ampere’s law (not ‘Maxwell-Ampere’) C) Either of the above. respectively. y. Yes B. dB(P. 112 v ˆ What is the magnitude of dl ×2R ? R v v µ B( r ) = 0 I ∫ 4π ˆ dl × R R2 A) dl sin φ z2 dl sin φ C) (z 2 + a 2 ) B) dl z2 dl D) 2 (z + a 2 ) To find the magnetic field B due to a current-carrying loop. by red) B) B(p) into page. dB(P. ditto for dB(P.has mult component (not ⊥ or || to page).108 What do you expect for direction of B(P)? How about direction of dB(P) generated JUST by the segment of current dl in red? 109 110 What is B at the point shown? µ A) 0 I πs I have two very long. by red) E) Something else!! C) µ0 I 4π s D) µ0 I 8π s E) None of these (How would your answer change if you would reverse the direction of the currents?) 111 To find the magnetic field B due to a current-carrying v loop.line v. is there a nonzero J (perpendicular to the page) in the dashed region? µo Ko 4π ∫∫ z=0 plane dx′ dy ′ ˆ ˆ zy + yz ( x′2 + y′2 + z 2 )3 / 2 y K x The B-field has A) y-component only B) z-component only C)y and z-components D)x. B( r ) = µ0 I dl × R ∫ R2 4π What is the dBz (the contribution to the vertical component of B from this dl segment?) dl a dl A) z 2 + a 2 z 2 + a 2 B) z 2 + a 2 C) 113 An electron is moving in a straight line with constant speed v. by red) into page C) B(p) into page. surface to right: Stoke’s Theorem: going left integral 116 If the arrows represent a B field (note that |B| is the same everywhere). and z-components A) iii > iv > ii > i B) iii > i > ii > iv C) i > ii > iii > iv D) Something else!! E) Not enough info given!! A.Need more information to decide 13 . dl z2 + a 2 z z2 + a 2 D) dl cos φ z2 + a 2 E) Something quite different! (Which colored arrow is E) Something quite different! r? r’? ) ℜ? 114 115 We have derived the integral expression for the B-field a distance z from a current sheet in the z = 0 plane: v µ B(0. we use the Biotv ˆ v v Savart law.

where J is Rank order an arbitrary (not necessarily uniform). Apply Ampere's Law to the rectangular imaginary loop in the yz plane shown. Apply Ampere's Law to the rectangular imaginary loop in the yz plane shown. must be zero B. Yes B. A solenoid has a total of N windings over a distance of L meters. What does this tell you about the B-field outside the solenoid? K A thin toroid (or is it a doughnut?) has (average) radius R and a total of N windings with current I.| I1 | sinθ) A. Not enough info A) µ0 (|I2 | +|I1 |) C) µ0 (| I2 | + | I1 | sinθ) E) Something else! B) µ0 (|I2|-|I1|) D) µ0 (| I2 | . What can you say about the electric current passing through the loop? What is ∫ B • d l around this purple (dashed) Amperian loop? r r A.. We "idealize" this as a surface current running around the surface. D) I N/L (What currents would be needed to generate the others?) 123 z 124 z 125 An infinite solenoid with surface current density K is oriented along the z-axis.117 118 The magnetic field in a certain region is given by 119 If the arrows represent a B field (note that |B| is the same everywhere). is there a nonzero J (perpendicular to the page) in the dashed region? v ˆ B(x.. the z-component of the Bfield outside the solenoid? K An infinite solenoid with surface current density K is oriented along the z-axis. No C. ∫∫ r r 121 122 A) iii > iv > ii > i B) iii > i > ii > iv C) i > ii > iii > iv D) Something else!! E) Not enough info given!! Pick a sketch showing B field lines that violate one of Maxwell’s equations within the region bounded by dashed lines. What does this tell you about Bz. must be nonzero C. approximately? A) Bz is constant outside B) Bz is zero outside C) Bz is not constant outside D) It tells you nothing about Bz A) |B| is a non-zero constant outside B) |B| is zero outside C) |B| is not constant outside D) We still don’t know anything about |B| A) I/R C) NI/R B) I/(2 π R) D) NI/(2 π R) E) Something else 14 . static current Stoke’s Theorem: line v. We "idealize" by treating this as a surface current running around the surface. What is K. We can safely assume that B(s ∞)=0. What is K? (F) A) I B) NI C) I/L E) Something else.Need more information to decide 120 J • dA (over blue surfaces). surface integral density. y) = C y x v ˆ B = B0 ϕ (C is a positive constant) Consider the imaginary loop shown.

to page) D) Loops around the rim E) Mix of the above. parallel to z-axis B is non-zero. What can you say about the magnetic field in this region? A. this means: A) Large “azimuthal” loop B) Small loop in region II C) Smallish loop from region II to outside (where B=0) D) Like A. parallel to x-axis Choose all of the following statements r r that are Choose boundary conditionsa = 0 implied by B ⋅d (for any closed surface you like) r r (I) ∇ ⋅ B = 0 // // (II) Babove = Bbelow ⊥ (III) B = B⊥ 134 ∫∫ In general. r' can be in spherical. What Amperian loop would you draw to find B “inside” the Torus (region II) 128 r r ∇ 2A = −µ0 J In Cartesian coordinates. just Aperp C) Not all of A. parallel to y-axis B is non-zero. C. in spherical coordinates. etc. B is zero B is non-zero. B. The vector potential A due to a long straight wire with current I along the z-axis is in the direction parallel to: What is r r A ⋅ dl ∫ I ˆ A) z ˆ B) ϕ (azimuthal) ˆ C) s (radial) A= ? A) The current density J B) The magnetic field B C) The magnetic flux ΦB D) It's none of the above. or it is ill defined due to the gauge freedom of A 132 The vector potential in a certain region is given by 133 v ˆ A(x. that ∇ 2 A = −µ r 0 r J ? A) Yes B) No 129 r r µ A (r ) = 0 4π ∫∫∫ r J(r') dτ ' ℜ 130 131 z Can you calculate that integral using spherical coordinates? A) Yes.126 127 What direction do you expect the B field to point? A) Azimuthally B) Radially C) In the z direction (perp. which of the following are continuous as you move past a boundary? y A x above below z A) (II) only B) (III) only C) (I) and (II) only D) (I) and (III) only E) All of the above A) A B) Not all of A... y) = C y x (C is a positive constant) Consider the imaginary loop shown. but perp to page E) Something entirely different ∇ 2 Ax = −µ0 J x . just A// D) Nothing is guaranteed to be continuous regarding A 15 . D. but J still needs to be in Cartesian components C) No. no problem B) Yes. Does it also mean. but is something simple and concrete E) It has no particular physical interpretation.

not surface C) Top/bottom surface only D) Side (rounded) surface only E) All surfaces. the paramagnet is sucked in Both are sucked in.135 The leading term in the vector potential r multipole expansion involves dl ' 136 137 ∫ Two magnetic dipoles m1 and m2 are oriented in three different ways. what can you say about B if I tell you the force is in the x direction? 140 Suppose I place a small dipole ‘m’ at various locations near the end of a large solenoid. but with different force 143 A solid cylinder has uniform magnetization M throughout the volume in the z direction as shown. What is the direction of the torque on the loop? A) Zero B) +x C) +y D) +z E) None of these z B 2. The paramagnet is pushed out.Ferromagnetic B. m1 1. D) Something entirely different/it depends! z y x I(in) x I 138 We just found that the torque on a magnetic dipole in a B field is: r 139 τ = m× B How will a small current loop line up if the B field points uniformly up the page? (Hint: E-dipoles line up in anti-parallel to Eext) r r Griffiths argues that the force onra magnetic r r r dipole in a B field is: F = ∇ (m • B) If the dipole m points in the z direction. m2 The force on a segment of wire L is v v v F = I L×B What is the magnitude of this integral? A) R B) 2 π R C) 0 Which ways produce a dipole field at large distances? A) None of these B) All three C) 1 only D) 1 and 2 only E) 1 and 3 only A current-carrying wire loop is in a constant external magnetic field B = B z_hat as shown. but not volume a) b) c) d) A. Where do bound currents show up? Α) Everywhere: throughout the volume and on all surfaces B) Volume only. but with different force Both are pushed out.Paramagnetic M 16 . At which point is the magnitude of the force on the dipole greatest? m A B K C A) B simply points in the x direction B) Bz must depend on x C) Bz must depend on z D) Bx must depend on x E) Bx must depend on z D) Not enough information to answer E) There is no net force on a dipole 141 142 Which type of magnetic material has the following properties: 1) 2) 3) The atoms of the material have an odd number of electrons The induced atomic magnetic dipoles align in the same direction as an applied magnetic field Thermal energy tends to randomize the induced dipoles Predict the results of the following experiment: a paramagnetic bar and a diamagnetic bar are pushed inside of a solenoid. I(out) B y 3.Diamagnetic C. the diamagnet is sucked in The diamagnet is pushed out.

very tall!) A large chunk of paramagnetic material (χm>0) has a uniform field B0 throughout its interior. 151 152 A large chunk of paramagnetic material (χm>0) has a uniform field B0 throughout its interior. (Right?) What about H and M inside the cylinder? M ˆ A) M sin θ θ ˆ B) M sin θ ϕ ˆ C) M cosθ θ ˆ D) M cos θ ϕ E) None of these! M A) Both are CCW B) Both are CW C) H is CCW.. B=B0=µ0nI. what is H inside?. and parts of (but not all of) side surface (but not in the volume) E) Something different/other combination! A sphere has uniform magnetization M in the z direction. but M is CW D) H is CW. We know B will be CCW as viewed from above.144 145 146 A solid cylinder has uniform magnetization M throughout the volume in the x direction as shown. We cut out a wafer-like hole (very wide. What is the direction of the bound surface current? 149 Inside a hollow solenoid. ( so H=H0=nI ) If the solenoid is filled with iron. We cut out a cylindrical hole (very skinny. B=B0=µ0nI. what is B inside?. very short!) A) H0 B) a little more than H0 C) a lot more than H0 D) a little less than H0 E) a lot less than H0 What is B at the center of that hole? A) B0 B) more than B0 C) less than B0 D) ?? What is B at the center of that hole? A) B0 B) more than B0 C) less than B0 D) ?? 17 . Which formula is correct for this surface current? A very long aluminum (paramagnetic!) rod carries a uniformly distributed current I along the +z direction. ( so H=H0=nI ) If the solenoid is filled with a paramagnetic material. Where do bound currents show up? A) Top/bottom surface only Β) Side (rounded) surface only C) Everywhere D) Top/bottom. M is CCW E) ??? 147 A very long aluminum (paramagnetic!) rod carries a uniformly distributed current I along the +z direction. A) KB points parallel to I B) KB points anti-parallel to I C) Other/not sure A) B0 B) a little more than B0 C) a lot more than B0 D) a little less than B0 E) a lot less than B0 150 Inside a very long hollow solenoid. What is the direction of the bound volume current? A) JB points parallel to I B) JB points anti-parallel to I C) Other/not sure 148 A very long aluminum (paramagnetic!) rod carries a uniformly distributed current I along the +z direction....

Which figure best shows the resulting B field lines? 1: C 2: D 3: B 4: B 5: A 6: A 7: D 8: B 9: D 10: D 11: B 12: B 13: C 14: D 15: D 16: E 17: E 18: C 19: E 20: A Answers Answers 21: C 22: C 23: C 24: C 25: B 26: B 27: A 28: C 29: A 30: B 31: D 32: A 33: C 34: A 35: B 36: C 37: D 38: D 39: A 30: B 41: A 42: A 43: B 44: B 45: B 46: B 47: B 44: B 49: B 50: B 51: B 52: A 53: B 54: C 55: A 56: A 57: A 58: A 59: E 60: E 61: D 62: C 63: C 64: D 65: D 66: D 67: D 68: B 69: C 70: E 71: B 72: E 73: E 74: B 75: C 76: B 77: B 78: D 79: B 80: A 81: A 82: C 83: B 84: B 85: A 86: A 87: A 88: B 89: D 90: C 91: A 92: D 93: A 94: A 95: E 96: C 97: A 98: A 99: C 100: A 101: C 102: B 103: D 104: A 105: A 106: D 107: C 104: C 109: C 110: D 111: D 112: A 113: D 114: A 115: D 116: A 117: A 118: B 119: A 120: D E) None of these can be even remotely correct Answers 121: D 122: D 123: A 124: B 125: D 126: A 127: A 128: B 129: B 130: A 131: C 132: B 133: D 134: A 135: C 136: E 137: B 138: B 139: B 140: B 141: C 142: B 143: D 144: D 145: B 146: A 147: A 148: B 149: B 150: A 151: C 152: A 153: A 18 .153 A sphere (with a spherical cavity inside it) is made of a material with very large positive χm. It is placed in a region of uniform B field.

Concept tests Electromagnetism

Concept tests Electromagnetism

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