Biografi Ir.


Disusun Oleh : Nama Kelas No. Absen : Febriansyah Yuditomo :X–2 : 15

SMA NEGERI 3 MAGELANG Jl. Medang No. 17 Nanggulan Magelang

on June 6 1901 – died in Jakarta. Soekarno often met the leaders of the Islam union. He was the Kepancasilaan excavator.S. In the age 14 years. His mother named Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai came from Buleleng. Graduate from H. Soekarno afterwards gathered with the Jong Java organisation (the Javanese Young Man). Bali . The background and education Soekarno was born by the name of Kusno Sosrodihardjo. During in Bandung. Soekarno's family Soekarno's wife       Oetari Inggit Garnasih Fatmawati Hartini RatnaSari Dewi Soekarno (the original name: Naoko Nemoto) Haryati Soekarno sons and daughters        Guruh Soekarnoputra Megawati Soekarnoputri. Douwes Dekker.Ir.) there while reciting the Koran in the Tjokroaminoto place. East Java. East Java. His father was named Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo. He was the Proclaimer of Indonesian Independence (was with Mohammad Hatta) that happened on August 17 1945. He played the role important to liberate the Indonesian nation from the Dutch colonisation. a friend of his father who was named Oemar Said Tjokroaminoto asked Soekarno to live in Surabaya and to be sent to school to Hoogere Burger School (H. in 1920. But this Supersemar was misused by Lieutenant General Soeharto to undermine his authority with the road to accuse him of taking part in masterminding the Movement on September 30. on June 21 1970 in the age 69 years) was Indonesian President first that hold the office of in the period 1945 1966. Republic of Indonesia President the term of office of 2001-2004 Guntur Soekarnoputra Rachmawati Soekarnoputri Sukmawati Soekarnoputri Taufan and Bayu (from the wife Hartini) Kartika Sari Dewi Soekarno (from the wife Ratna sari Dewi Soekarno . a teacher in Surabaya.B. including his contents was assigned Lieutenant General Soeharto to pacify and maintain his authority. that at that time were the leader of the National Indische Partij organisation. Finally he died of illness. shifted the presidency to Soeharto. When small Soekarno lived with his grandfather in Tulungagung. and was finished during 1925. Soekarno continued to Technische Hoge School (now ITB) in Bandung. that it seems. the organisation that was led by Tjokroaminoto at that time. In Surabaya. The charges caused People's Consultative Assembly Sementara that his member was replaced with the person who for Soeharto. Java. Soekarno interacted with Tjipto Mangunkusumo and Dr. He published the Letter Of Instruction on March 11 1966 Supersemar that was controversial that.S.B. Soekarno (was born in Blitar.

he was invited by the Marshal Terauchi. Here. Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo invited the Indonesian leading figure namely Soekarno. the government of the Japanese occupation pay attention to and at the same time making use of the leading figure of the Indonesian leading figure like Soekarno. He was active in an effort to preparations for Indonesian independence. Syamsuddin that were a little unpopular. the leading figure of the leading figure like Soekarno. Soekarno's activity in PNI caused him to be arrested by the Netherlands in December 1929. However his spirit continued to glow as being implied in each one of his letters to a Teacher the Islam Association named Ahmad Hassan. Pusat of the Rakyat Power (Putera). and bring up pledoi him that was phenomenal: Indonesian Criticize.betwen other in the case romusha. Named in various organisations like Javanese Hokokai. And finally national leading figures co-operated with the government of the Japanese occupation to achieve Indonesian independence. UUD 1945 and the foundation of the foundation of the Indonesian government including formulating the text of the proclamation of Independence. During 1943. because that was significant that the three Indonesian leading figures it was considered the family of Japanese Emperor personally. He could be persuaded xNP to take refuge in Rengasdengklok Peristiwa Rengasdengklok. Soekarno established Algemene Studie Club in Bandung. the Japanese government had an opportunity to not pay attention to leading figures of the Indonesian movement especially to "pacify" his existence in Indonesia. Soekarno gathered with the Indonesian Party (Partindo). President Soekarno personally. although there are those that carried out the underground movement like Sutan Syahrir and Amir Sjarifuddin because of considering Japan was the dangerous fascist. until being released again on December 31 1931. Soekarno was almost forgotten by national leading figures. said that although in fact we co-operated with Japan in fact we believed and have faith as well as relied on the strength personally.This was seen in the Movement 3A with his leading figure of Shimizu and Mr. and was isolated to Flores. Hatta. However finally. In July 1932. that was the fragment of PNI. During 1938 till 1942 Soekarno was isolated to the Bengkulu Province. In August 1945. BPUPKI and PPKI. Really the Japanese colonisation At the beginning of the Japanese colonisation period (1942-1945). headed by the South-East Asian territory Army in Dalat Vietnam that afterwards stated that the proclamation of Indonesian independence was the people's Indonesian affair personally However his involvement in the organisation bodies of the Japanese construction made Soekarno be accused of by the Netherlands co-operating with Jepang. . among them were to formulate Kepancasilaan. Ki Hajar Dewantara. Soekarno just again was free in the Japanese colonisation period during 1942.Really the national movement During 1926. Soekarno again was arrested in August 1933. Moreover the emperor gave the empire Star (Ratna Suci) to three Indonesian leading figures. Penganugerahan Bintang made the government of the Japanese occupation most startled.H Mas Mansyur and so on other was talk about and seen so active. during the speech on the opening by text reading of the proclamation of independence. Mohammad Hatta et cetera in each organisation and the agency agency to appealing the Indonesian inhabitants. This organisation became the young coconut the future Party of national Indonesia that was established during 1927. K. Mohammad Hatta and Ki Bagoes Hadikoesoemo to Japan and was received directly by Emperor Hirohito.

sistem the government changed became semi-presidential/double the Executive. the Rengasdengklok Incident on August 16 1945 happened. The Small Committee that consisted of eight people (official). at the time of the revolution of independence. The leading figure of the young man who persuaded in part Soekarni. This was followed so that the Republic of Indonesia it was considered the more democratic country. Christison had finally acknowledged the Indonesian sovereignty de facto after holding the meeting with President Soekarno. In on September 19 1945 Soekarno's authority could resolve without Ikada bloodshed of the field incident where 200. The young men demanded that Soekarno and Hatta immediately proclaimed Republic of Indonesia independence. For the revolution of fredom. Although having the Government of the Republic of Indonesia Emergency (PDRI) with the chairman Sjafruddin Prawiranegara. President Soekarno had finally moved the Republic of Indonesia capital from Jakarta to Yogyakarta. On August 18 1945. However Soekarno. On August 29 1945 the appointment became the President and Vice President was strengthened by KNIP. but in fact the international community and the domestic situation continue to acknowledged that Soekarno-Hatta was the Indonesian leader that actually. Because of many provocations in Jakarta at that time. That happened because of the existence of the announcement Vice President No X. the Small Committee that consisted of nine people/the Committee of nine (that produced Jakarta Charter) and the preparations Committee for Independence Indonesian PPKI. After meeting the Terauchi Marshal in Dalat. This was caused because Japan has surrendered and allied troops did not yet arrive. Followed by the Vice President and the senior official of the other country. Hatta and the leading figures refused on the basis of being waiting for the clarity concerning the Japanese surrender. At the time of the arrival of the Ally (AFNEI) that was led by Lt Gen. Soekarno-Hatta established the Indonesian Country was based on Kepancasilaan and UUD 1945.W. the position of President Soekarno stayed most important. Vietnam. only of his policies that could complete the Indonesia-the Netherlands dispute. President Soekarno as the Head of State and Sutan Syahrir as the Prime Minister/ Head of Government.S Mallaby. Wikana. Vice President Mohammad Hatta and several senior officials of the country to be kept by the Netherlands. Singgih as well as Chairul Saleh. However resulting from the provocation that was launched by NICA troops (the Netherlands) that followed the Ally. The other developing reason was Soekarno appointed moment exact for Republic of Indonesia independence that is chosen by him on August 17 1945 at that time coincided with the date 17 Ramadhan. Mystically Phillip Christison. Soekarno and Mohammad Hatta were persuaded xNP by the young men to take refuge in the barracks of defence troops Motherland Peta Rengasdengklok. the holy month of Muslim who were believed in was the date of the fall of the first revelation Muslims to the Prophet Muhammad SAW namely Al Qur-an. (was supervised by England) exploded the Incident on November 10 1945 in Surabaya and fell him Brigadier General A. and the announcement of the government in November 1945 about the political party. Soekarno and Mohammad Hatta were appointed by PPKI to Republic of Indonesia President and Vice President.Revolutionary war time Soekarno with national leading figures began to prepare gazed at the Proclamation of Republic of Indonesia independence. President Soekarno also tried to resolve the crisis in Surabaya. because in Indonesia happened vacuum of the authority. The position President Soekarno according to UUD 1945 was President's position as the head of government and the head of state (presidential/single the Executive). After the session of the Investigator's Body preparations efforts for Indonesian Independence BPUPKI. especially in facing the Madiun Incident 1948 as well as during Aggression of Militer Netherlands Ii that caused President Soekarno. Although the government's system changed. .000 Jakarta peoples would the clash with Japanese troops that were still fully-armed.

Source : .

.4:94341170/42  88902904.0 479070.830900..20802 5708/039.0732039..30/-0.:9.

77.90.3/$:9.0 !708/039$40.890!72038907.734 ./4:-0900./41$9.8900.3$.:9.

0/248925479..39 0850. 900907.943../414.8.4:/.020394190 4.334:3.438/070/902470/024./:33.3/90./079.7.07320394190#05:-.84190.7..99039073.425090903/4308.99..073203934.340/0/9.0732039 %.3/90 /42089.3/8 94:.20703.9$40.9.8/:73708843419070907.4:39794-0059-90 0907.4393:094.0.04190.3904.0!708/0394 .3/8/85:90  .80.55030/ -0..9.5.02-07.0 !708/0394.99.4:397  94:904..73489.81440/849.30.07.390..734 '.41 3/4308.8903/4308.30/ .80347411. !#  990.31..734 .9.:80419008903..-4:990549..3$.9.72.9:..02039'./.943.3/89.413/4308. -:931..089.17://3!7.:80/!708/039$40../039 .334:3.990920419070.3/80.89:.9 ..22.4:943413/0503/03. 4341854.30.422:39.9.79 %8..7.0732039 888902..0 90 54894341!708/039$40.990#05:-.

0995.      $4:7.


31.24:8 -48549 .3/4308.42.



5 92  .734 -47.840.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful