The techniques presented in this book are dangerous. Before you begin your Brazilian Jiu-jitsu training, you should consult a physician. You and your par tner should always communicate with each other and stop when the other signals. All techniques should be practiced under the super vision of a qualified instructor. The author of this book shall not be held liable for the misuse of any information contained within.


INTRODUCTION Requirements for Blue Belt vary from school to school, even within the same association. The purpose of Brazilian Jiu-jitsu Basics is to provide readers with the most commonly required techniques for blue belt. This E Book does not contain ALL of the techniques from BJJ Basics, nor does it outline each technique in depth. This is the Cliffs Notes version, providing readers with an outline of commonly required techniques. Before we start, I would like to provide you with a complete list of commonly required techniques for blue belt. Most teachers follow one of two approaches: 1. a smaller number of techniques form each position at a very high level of proficiency. 2. a larger number of techniques as an overview, making sure the student has a general understanding. I find myself somewhere in the middle, but prefer the first method and my Basic Book reflects the highest percentage moves (moves you see working most of the time) within the art of Brazilian Jiu-jitsu. I have broken the following list down by position to make it easy to follow: Commonly Required Blue Belt Techniques: Escapes Headlock Escape Side Control Escape Mount Escape (upa) Mount Escape (elbow escape/escaping movement) Ankle Lock Escape Escape from Knee on Belly Escape from Rear Choke Hold Downs Must show ability to control from: Mount Side Kesa Gatame Knee On Belly North South Top Submissions Kimura Arm Lock (juji gatame) Choke from Mount Choke from Side Choke from Knee on belly Ankle Lock (sometimes from within guard) Americana (key lock) Guard Must be able to exhibit the ability to keep people from passing the guard easily.

Submissions Guillotine Armbar Omoplata Triangle Collar Chokes (2) Kimura Must be able to combine at least 3 of the previous moves in a sequence Sweeps Scissors Standing Sweeps (usually require 2) Belly (Kimura) Sweep Setting up sweep with Armbar Setting up sweep with Triangle

Guard Passing 2 - 3 Ways to Pass the Guard Techniques from the Back At least one way to take the back & control Mata Leo Choke Collar Choke Standing Techniques A variety of self defense movements are taught here, these are the ones that I feel are important: Throws: O Goshi O Soto Gari Ippon (usually for Rear Choke Escape) Double Leg Takedown Ukemi (how to fall) Basic Self Defense Movements: - Bear Hug Defense - Head Lock Defense - Lapel Grab Defense - Basic Punch Defense - Basic Kick Defense - How to close the distance (clinch) on punches

Other Requirements: Different schools may have extra requirements. Some schools will force you to compete for each belt, some don't compete at all. I have a set of basic disciplinary requirements, these are among them: I won't give a Blue Belt to a smoker Student must be helpful and respectful to classmates Student must show respect for himself and others outside the school Children and teen age students must be passing at school (academically) Student must show respect for their uniform and belt as well as hygiene Some schools require you to know BJJ history, instructor's history, help around the school, etc … It all varies from school to school.

UNDERSTANDING THIS TEXT I have included the Chapter outlines from Brazilian Jiu-jitsu Basics as this is an overview of the Blue Belt requirements. The actual book contains text descriptions for each picture in an easy to read format. I have included two pages as a sample of what you will see when you order the actual book.

Once I grab my opponent ’s lef t wr ist, I will sit up, reaching over his lef t tr icep as shown to the left in figure 2.


I continue to reach over my opponent ’s lef t ar m with my lef t ar m until I reach my own r ight wr ist (figure 3). Once I reach my own wr ist, I will grab i t a s s h o w n i n t h e c i rc u l a r picture below. I will keep my opponent ’s left arm bent at a 90 degree angle.


To finish this lock on my opponent ’s shoulder, I must perfor m the following t ask s: -Turn my opponent’s left hand toward the ceiling. -Keep my right leg over his back. -Weave my left leg around his as shown and kick out.

Guillotine Choke from the Guard

Sometimes, I will attempt the Kimura lock and my oppon e n t w i l l d e fe n d b y g r a b b i n g his own belt or pants as shown here to the lef t in figure 1. If this happens, I will move to a new submission by releasing my gr ip on my opponent ’s lef t ar m and wrapping m y l e f t a r m a ro u n d m y o p p o nent ’s neck until my lef t hand is under his chin (figure 2). Once my left hand is under my opponent ’s chin, I w i l l c l a s p m y h a n d s t o ge t h e r a s shown in figure 3.



At t h i s p o i n t , I m u st remember to squeeze his neck tightly with my arms, not allowing him to pull his head out and escape. I keep my guard closed around his waist and s q u e e z e m y l e g s t o ge t h e r.


Standing Techniques Chapter Outline
Closing Distance Punch Defense Kick Defense

Grab Defenses

Rear Choke Defense


BearHug Defense

Head Lock Defense


Passing the Guard Chapter Outline


Techniques from the Top Position Controlling from the Top Hold-downs consist of a

100 Kilos

T h i s i s s i m p l y a h o l d d o w n f ro m the side position where you are chest to chest with your opponent. The leg of your opponent so that he cannot that is closest to you should be controlled replace his leg under neath your b o d y a n d r e g a i n h i s g u a rd p o s i t i o n . Fo r t h i s p u r p o s e , y o u r h a n d will usually grab your opponent's pants by the hip or leg. Sometimes when your hand i s r e q u i r e d fo r a f i n i s h i n g t e c h -

ser ies of immobilization techniques and body positions that will allow you to either restrain or submit your opponent from the top. Your legs should be used as both counter weights and stabilizers to hold your opponent in a desired position. Most hold-downs from the side are designed to keep your opponent's shoulders pinned to the floor.

Kesa Gatame There are two variations of Kesa Gatame: one in which your arm is under the armpit of your opponent's far arm and the other where your arm is around his neck instead. In the variation where your arm is not under your opponent's armpit, you must be sure to keep the shoulder closest to you off the floor and maintain an upward pull on that arm. This leverage will stop your opponent from rolling on his side and escaping.

n i q u e f ro m t h i s p o s i t i o n , t h e h a n d i s r e m o v e d f ro m t h e l e g a n d t h e (your) leg closest to his leg is moved in to block it. The leg on the side of your opponent's head is usually kept in an extended p o s i t i o n fo r t w o p u r p o s e s : 1 ) To assist in creating pressure by dr iving of f the ball of y our foot. 2 ) To p ro v i d e a c o u n t e r w e i g h t i n the event that your opponent a t t e m p t s t o ro l l y o u .


Modified Kesa Gatame

Pull up on your opponent’s close arm so he cannot face you and get to his knees. Post your leg out for a base

The difference between Kesa Gatame and Modified Kesa Gatame is the arm under your opponent’s far armpit.

North South Known in Japanese terms as "kami shiho gatame" or "top four corner hold", this position should be help by keeping a wide base with your legs. If your legs are not posted out at a 45 degree angle, your opponent will have a better chance of rolling you from side to side. Your opponent's hips Like the mount position, your hands are free to attack your opponent with strikes or submission holds. Many exper ts of jiu-jitsu prefer to use this position while fighting on sur faces that may cause damage to the knees. Here, a majority of your Mount If y ou have achieved the mount position, you will be 'sitting' on your opponent's chest with both knees on the floor at either side of his body. This position is an excellent position from which to attack because your arms are not always required to maintain the hold. The freedom of your arms will allow you to either str ike your opponent or apply submission holds. body weight is rested on your opponent's sternum, belly or lower chest with your knee. Your other knee is kept at a 45 degree angle to your opponent's body for balance, counter-weight, and mobility. will be controlled by the use of your hands and sometimes your head in his lower abdominal region. Control of the hips will restrict the lower extremities full range of motion. Knee on Belly


You may grip your opponent’s pants so that he cannot escape away or place his leg under you to regain his guard.

You may choose to hold your opponent’s gi collar and apply pressure to his face with your shoulder.

100 Kilos

You may spread your legs out and drop your hips low to prevent being rolled.

North South

Grab your opponent’s pants so he cannot escape easily.


You may flatten your stomach to his and grapevine the legs for less maneuverability, but greater control.

Sit higher on your opponent’s chest for more attacking options...

Your right hand may be used to control his leg or set up chokes with the use of the kimono.

Your lef t hand may be moved to different positions in order to establish control of set up submissions.

Hold your opponent ’s collar and pant leg. Pull up and drive your knee

Knee on Belly

into his chest/belly for tight control.

Finishing from the Top

Once you have established control of your opponent from the top position, a variety of submissions that may be applied will present themselves. The following submissions are basic joint locks and chokes which every student must know before passing on to the level of blue belt in Brazilian Jiu-jitsu.


Arm Bar from Mount

Americana from Mount

Collar Choke from Side

Arm Bar from Knee on Belly

Collar Choke from Mount

Collar Choke from Knee on Belly



Techniques from the Back Position

Rear Mount Also called "taking the back", the rear mount or back mount position is a trademark position of the ar t of Brazilian Jiu-jitsu. This is the most dominant of all jiu-jitsu positions and will provide it's user with the most protection against counter attacks out of all the positions of jiu-jitsu. As a user of this position, you are controlling your opponent with your feet, called "hooks" over the top of his upper (front) thighs. This will limit his ability to turn freely and face you or roll away. Attacking from the back will limit your opponent's leverage to strike or attack your vital areas, while at the same time, providing you with the position in which to mount a series of highly effective attacks.

T aking the Back from North South

T aking the Back

Collar Choke from the Back

There are two basic types of guard in Brazilian Jiu-jitsu: open and closed. Any time your ankles are crossed behind your opponent ’s back , y our guard is closed, when they are u n c ro s s e d , i t i s o p e n . M y s u g ge s t i o n t o a l l s t u d e n t s o f Brazilian Jiu-jitsu is to pract i c e w i t h y o u r g u a rd o p e n a s much as possible. O n c e y o u r g u a rd i s o p e n , t h e re a re m a n y d i f fe re n t wa y s t o p l a c e y o u r fe e t a n d c o n t ro l y o u r o p p o n e n t . E a c h d i f fe r ent place ment has a name that most schools use to descr ibe t h a t t y p e o f o p e n g u a rd , b u t t h i s i s a n a d va n c e d m a t t e r t h a t

w i l l b e c o v e re d i n gre a t e r d e p t h i n T h e M a s t e r Tex t . The impor tant thing to remember is to not allow your o p p o n e n t t o p a s s y o u r g u a rd and assume control at your s i d e . To d o t h i s , y o u m a y u s e y o u r fe e t t o c o n t ro l y o u r opponent ’s ar ms, hips and l e g s . Yo u r h a n d s m a y a l s o b e incor porated to assist in setting up submissions and turni n g y o u r o p p o n e n t o v e r. Yo u r fe e t s h o u l d b e u s e d

like hands, adding two to your c o n t r o l l i n g l i m b s . Yo u r f e e t can be used to block punches, or stop your opponent from moving to your side (passing y o u r g u a rd ) . Fo r t h i s , y o u m a y

p l a c e y o u r fo o t i n y o u r o p p o nent ’s bicep. If your opponent is moving to your left, you s h o u l d p l a c e y o u r fo o t i n h i s l e f t b i c e p . Yo u m a y a l s o p lace y o u r fo o t u n d e r y o u r o p p o nent ’s lef t ar mpit and ‘hook’ y our foot behind his lef t ar m. As y ou do this, y ou must control his collar so he does not att ack y our a n k l e a s I w i l l i l l u s trate in the section on leg l o ck s . T h i s t y p e o f g u a rd u s e is commonly called “spider

g u a rd ” a n d i s a h i g h l y e f fe c t i v e p o s i t i o n f ro m w h i ch t o s e t u p many common submissions i n v o l v i n g y o u r l e g s . Yo u r fe e t may also be used to control y o u r o p p o n e n t ’s l e g s b y ‘ h o o k ing’ under or behind them. This w i l l p re v e n t y o u r o p p o n e n t f ro m

moving back or to the side. Let ’s say your opponent wished to move to his left; in that case, you would simply p l a c e y o u r l e f t fo o t b e h i n d h i s r i g h t l e g , p re v e n t i n g h i m f ro m m o v i n g t h a t wa y . Your feet may be placed in y our opponent ’s hips as well. This action will help control the dist ance between y ou and y our opponent. Remember that y our l e g s a r e l o n ge r a n d f a r m o r e power ful than y our opponent ’s arms. This will allow you to keep an opponent who wishes t o str ike y ou at a safe dist ance. Control of the hips is also ver y im por t ant against a much heavier opponent who is tr ying t o im pose his weight upon y ou. Through the combination of these foot placements, y ou will begin t o control and of fbalance y our opponent. This o f f - b a l a n c i n g w i l l p re s e n t y o u with new oppor tunities to sweep and/or submit your opponent with great ease from the bottom position.


The feet may be used like hands to control your opponent’s arms.

Use your hands to control your opponent’s arms, legs or neck (collar) to stop him from coming to your side (passing you legs) and set up submissions or sweeps (turnovers).

Submissions from the guard
The first three submissions: 1. ar m bar 2. tr iangle choke 3. omoplata (shoulder lock with the legs) in this section are the pillars of submission from the guard position. The reason for this is as follows: first, all three of these movements connect to each other equally . In other words, you will be able to access either one of these submissions if the first doesn't work or in the event that your opponent is making an escape attempt. The second reason for the impor tance placed on these movements is that they are all achieved through leverage created by your ar ms and legs together. This makes them very easy to apply with little use of strength. The final reason for the impor tance of these movements from the guard position is that they can all be per for med without the use of the kimono, making them applicable in any situation. In the next few pages, I will illustrate the dif ferences between these three moves when the kimono is not involved. The techniques without the kimono are straight from the Master Text and will give you a tiny sample of what is to come.




Collar Choke





Using Armbar to Set up Sweep

Using Triangle to Set up Sweep

Standing Sweep 1

Standing Sweep 2

Scissors Sweep

Kimura Sweep


Mount Escape

Kesa Gatame Escape

Side Control Escape

Back Hold Escape

Leg Locks For reasons of safety and other philosophical complexities, leg lock techniques in Brazilian Jiu-jitsu are usually a secondar y method of att ack . It is, however impor t ant to lear n and underst and them. You will probably find that responsible instr uctors will not allow you to per for m these techniques as a beginner dur ing regular free spar r ing practice. There are two fundament al reasons for this: the first is because accidents do happen in ever y spor t. If you are allowed to per for m leg lock s at full speed and resist ance, it is inevit able that you or your par tner will eventually make a mist ake and injure that area. If an injur y to the leg occurs, unlike an injur y to the ar m, the recipient will be extremely disabled and may not be able to attend wor k or other impor t ant life callings and typical duties. The second reason is that the nature of the ner vous system in the are of the foot is such that the recipient of the lock will of ten times not feel pain before damage to the ligaments occurs. A student will eventually gain the exper ience and level of matur ity that will tr igger a willingness to submit to this type of lock , but in the beginning of your Jiu-jitsu practice, you will not yet have this foresight.

Ankle Lock


Knee Bar