You are on page 1of 4

GENERIC HAZARD CHECKLIST

This generic hazard checklist can be used to help identify hazards and hazard sources. Some of the hazards are unique to certain hazard scenarios, others are common cause factors that will cross all subsystem boundaries. Many of the hazards are repeated in different categories. As can be seen, the generic hazard checklist has many of the same entries as the energy source checklist. That is because energy sources make up the vast majority of hazards. Note: As for all checklists, it is impossible to be all-inclusive. This list should be viewed as a starting point. As you gain more experience, you may wish to add to this list and keep it for future reference. Acceleration/Deceleration Acceleration/deceleration Falling objects Fragments/projectiles Impacts Inadvertent motion Sloshing liquids
l l l l l l

l l l

Control Systems Inappropriate control system operation Inappropriate software operation Interference to control system Sneak circuit
l

l l

Contamination/Corrosion Chemical dissociation Chemical replacement/ combination Corrosion due to electrolysis Hydrogen embrittlement Moisture Oxidation Organic (fungal/bacterial, etc.) Particulate Stress corrosion
l l l l l l l

Electrical Arcing Bent pins Breakdown of dielectric Burns Corona Distribution feedback Electrical noise Electrical surges Electromagnetic interference Excessive solder Grounding Ignition of combustibles
l l l l l l l l l l l l

Extracted from System Safety Engineering and Risk Assessment: A Practical Approach by Nicholas J. Bahr

l l l l l l l l l l l l l l

Improper electrical connections (mismating) and wiring Inadequate heat dissipation Inadvertent activation Incorrect voltage, current, cycle, etc. Inductive or capacitive coupling Lightning strike Magnetic surge Mismating of power connectors Polarity Poor insulation Power outage Shock Short, open circuit Static discharge Stray currents/sparks

l l

l l l

l l

l l l

Environmental/Weather Fog Foreign matter contamination Fungal/bacterial Humidity Lightning Outside versus inside environment Precipitation (fog, rain, snow, ice, sleet, hail) Radiation Salt 8 Sand/dust Temperature extremes (and variations) Vacuum Wind
l l l l l l l l

Explosives Chemical contamination Dust explosion Electrostatic discharge Explosive liquids, gases, or vapors present Friction Heat/cold Humidity levels Impact/shock Lightning Normally nonflammable material in finely powdered form (dust, aluminum, magnesium, etc.) Pyrophoric Welding Vibration
l l l l

Fire Chemical change (exothermic/endothermic) Combustible material, combustible atmosphere Fuel and oxidizer in presence of pressure and ignition source Pressure release High heat source
l l l l l

Ergonomic Fatigue Faulty/inadequate control/readout labeling Faulty workstation design Glare Heating/ventilation and air conditioning Inaccessibility Inadequate control/readout differentiation Inadequate/improper illumination Inappropriate control/readout location
l l l l l l l l l

Human Factors Failure to operate Inadvertent operation Operation too brief/too long Operation early/late Operation out of sequence Operator error Right operation/wrong control
l l l l l l

Leaks/Spills Dusts Flooding Gases/vapors Liquids Porosity Radioactive leaks Runoff Solids
l l l l l l l l

Extracted from System Safety Engineering and Risk Assessment: A Practical Approach by Nicholas J. Bahr

Life Cycle Maintenance Start-up Steady-state operation Stressed operation Shutdown (standard, emergency, unexpected)
l l l l l

Lifted weights Mutagens Noise Nuisance dusts/odors Pathogens Radiation Temperature extremes Vibration Pneumatic/Hydraulic Pressure/Vacuum . Backflow/siphon effect . Blown objects . Blast . Cavitation . Dynamic pressure loading . Hydraulic hammer . Implosion . Inadequate pressure/flow capacity relief . Inadvertent release of material . Over-/underpressurization . Pipe/vessel rupture . Pipe/hose whip . Pressure/fluid entrapment in system . Rapid pressure change Radiation Ionizing (alpha, beta, gamma, x-ray) Nonionizing (infrared, laser, microwave, ultraviolet) Thermal radiation
l l l

Materials . Bad protective paint . Chemical combinations . Compressible/incompressible fluids . Combustible material . Dissimilar materials . Exo/endothermic reactions . Halogens and other oxidizing agents . Lack of resiliency . Lubrication . Incompatible materials or media . Polymerization . Solvent residues Mechanical . Crushing surfaces . Ejected parts/fragments . Fatigue/cyclic stresses . Flexure . Friction surfaces . Hysteresis . Lifting . Misalignment . Pinch points . Rotating equipment . Sharp edges . Stability/toppling potential . Torquing (over/under) . Vibration Physiological Allergens Asphyxiates Baropressure extremes Carcinogens Fatigue Irritants
l l l l l l

Structural Accelerations (high/low) Aerodynamic, acoustic loads Bad welds Brittleness/ductility of materials Cracks Fatigue/cyclic stresses Load- and non-load-bearing paths Stress concentrations Vibration/noise Temperature Altered structural properties Bums (hot/cold)
l l

Extracted from System Safety Engineering and Risk Assessment: A Practical Approach by Nicholas J. Bahr

l l l l l l

Compressive heating Cryogenic properties Elevated flammability Elevated gas/liquid pressure Elevated reactivity Elevated volatility

l l l l l l

Freezing Heat source/heat sink Hot/cold surfaces Humidity/moisture Joule-Thomas cooling Solar effects