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Kursus GIS dan Remote Sensing 19-29 Nov 2007

DATA PREPARATION IN ARCGIS 9.X (ON-SCREEN DIGITIZING) SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION There are two ways in performing on screen digitizing; on ArcMap and on Arc Tools (Arc Info Workstation). Both results are compatible with each other. However, some restrictions might need to be considered and taken into account. OBJECTIVE This practical will open up participants capabilities in trying GIS software rather than the conventional AutoCAD in doing digitizing. (Not that AutoCAD is not good!). By using the most current GIS software, it is hope that by the end of this practical, participant will be familiar with the software and be able to do an on screen digitizing work. Before starting the digitizing work, we need the map to be digitized placed as a digital format. This digital map is known as the base map or the background mapping. This map could be in any raster image format. (.pcx, bmp, jpg..). Q1. What about vector format? METHODOLOGY We have been given one image in .jpg format (H_Langat.jpg) and one text file (CtrlPt.txt) as the starting point. First open the image file in Arc Map, observe the image and identify the potential features for digitizing. For example, the potential layers: 1. Contour 2. Roads

Siti Aekbal Salleh JSUG, UiTM

Kursus GIS dan Remote Sensing 19-29 Nov 2007

3. Rivers 4. Building 5. Land use, water bodies (polygon) Then, open Arc Catalogue and follow the instructions below: 1. Right click on your own folder or space choose new and Personal Geodatabase.

2. Specify name to your Personal Geodatabase, and then create new feature datasets. 3. Specify name to your Feature Dataset and assign the coordinate system and X and Y domain, and then create new feature classes.

Siti Aekbal Salleh JSUG, UiTM

Kursus GIS dan Remote Sensing 19-29 Nov 2007

1.0

IMAGE REGISTRATION

Now that we have already managed our Geodatabase, we need to proceed on the image registration. Check back the .txt file that is provided. Open Arc Map and follow the instruction accordingly. 1. Right click on the empty view and go to Properties. Define the coordinate system. Then check the Data Frame info.

Siti Aekbal Salleh JSUG, UiTM

Kursus GIS dan Remote Sensing 19-29 Nov 2007

The coordinates system for the working space is defined and at real below of the view on the right hand side we can see that the unit is in meters. 2. Then, click on Tools and choose Add XY data. Choose the .txt file that represent the control points of the image file and then assigned the coordinate system.

3. Then, display the H_Langat.jpg. If the image is not displayed, click on the Georeferencing and choose Fit to Display. 4. Then, click on add control point, start registering the image to the reference coordinate of control points. Click at update georeferencing and Rectify the new image. 5. To maintain the properties of the control points we have to convert the .txt file to geodatabase, so that it will be compatible at any session of working. So, right click at the CtrlPt.txt event and choose Data and Export Data. The control points will now be appearing in the .shp.
Siti Aekbal Salleh JSUG, UiTM

Kursus GIS dan Remote Sensing 19-29 Nov 2007

2.0

DIGITIZING

First drag the created feature classes from your personal geodatabase to Arc Map. These layers are empty as we havent start digitize yet. From here we can start digitize according to the following steps: 1. Click on Editor, and choose Start Editing. Choose type Personal Geodatabase.

2.

Check on the available layers and tasks provided by the vendor. We now have to change the snapping options to minimize the error during the digitizing process. To do that, choose Editor, and Snapping.

Now, start your digitizing. KEEP UP A GOOD WORK!!!

Siti Aekbal Salleh JSUG, UiTM

Kursus GIS dan Remote Sensing 19-29 Nov 2007

ADDING ATTRIBUTE DATA OBJECTIVE In this practical session, you will be introduce to the steps involves in getting the attribute into spatial data using ArcGIS software. At the end of this session, you are expected to have the ability to input the attribute data into any of GIS software package. INTRODUCTION There are many approach can be use to add attribute data into GIS. The very simple and straightforward process is by entering directly into ArcMap. Arc Catalogue on the other hands enables you to construct your attribute tables while you create your feature classes. In some cases, you might already have the attribute data in different file format such as Access, Excel, Dbase, etc (sometimes it call external database). It is waste of time to enter all the data again in GIS software. Here, what you can do is to join or relate external database that you have with standard attribute table in ArcMap. However, the main requirement is to have common identifier or key in both of data. 1. Adding attribute data directly using ArcMap

The data that you have digitized in your previous session will be used in this session. a) Adding fields to the layer Open ArcMap Add a new layer by clicking Add Data Right-click the layer and click Open Attribute Table Click the Options button on the table and click Add Field

Siti Aekbal Salleh JSUG, UiTM

Kursus GIS dan Remote Sensing 19-29 Nov 2007

The add field dialog box appears Name: The name for a new field Type: Types of field for example Text, Short Integer, Long Integer, Date etc. Field properties: The length or precision of field Click OK and you can find a new field in the attribute table You can add any new fields in your table in the same manner.

a) Adding attribute values to the new field To add a new attribute values or records, click the Editor toolbar button

Click Editor Toolbar and Start Editing

Right-click on the layer and click Open Attribute Table

Now, you can enter a new attribute values or records in the new fields

Siti Aekbal Salleh JSUG, UiTM

Kursus GIS dan Remote Sensing 19-29 Nov 2007

2. Adding fields from Arc Catalogue In Arc Catalogue, we are able to compose the attribute table fields and their properties. After you created the feature classes, right click on the feature class you want to edit the attribute table and click on properties. Now you will see this dialogue box:

At the Fields option just types the field name that you want to add. Note that you have to make sure you choose the right geometry properties for each added fields. This is important in order to avoid problem when you adding the attributes to the fields created. The value entered must match the specified geometry properties. 3. Joining external attribute table in ArcMap a) Adding external attribute table Click Add Data and add the database that you wish to join or relates You will see your attribute table has been added into Layers tree

Siti Aekbal Salleh JSUG, UiTM

Kursus GIS dan Remote Sensing 19-29 Nov 2007

Right click / Open Attribute Table to view the data

b) Joining attribute table Right click on the layer / Join and Relates / Join The Join Data window appears

Want do you want to join to this layer? : Join attributes from a table Choose the field in this layer that the join will be based on: Select the common identifier field in this layer. Choose the table to join to this layer, or load the table from disk: The name of the external database. Choose the field in the table to base the join on: Select the common identifier field in the external database. Click OK, and both of the table will be joined together

Siti Aekbal Salleh JSUG, UiTM

Kursus GIS dan Remote Sensing 19-29 Nov 2007

GOOD LUCK AND HAPPY TRYING!!!

Siti Aekbal Salleh JSUG, UiTM

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