Where does the ABAP program run?

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How are RANGES different from SELECT-OPTIONS? They are the same, except SELECT-OPTIONS will provide an interface on the selection screen for the user to input data. Back to top How to convert a date to internal or external format? Use the functions modules CONVERT_DATE_TO_EXTERNAL or CONVERT_DATE_TO_INTERNAL to convert the date. When converting to external format, the date format from the user's user profile will be used. When converting to internal format, the result will be in YYYYMMDD format. Back to top How do I download data in my internal table in a CSV file? Use the Function Module SAP_CONVERT_TO_CSV_FORMAT to convert the internal table into Comma seperated format then download this internal table using the Function Module GUI_DOWNLOAD. See a sample program below: TYPE­POOLS: truxs. TYPES:   BEGIN OF ty_Line,     vbeln LIKE vbap­vbeln,     posnr LIKE vbap­posnr,   END OF ty_Line.   ty_Lines TYPE STANDARD TABLE of ty_Line WITH DEFAULT KEY. DATA: itab   TYPE ty_Lines. DATA: itab1  TYPE truxs_t_text_data.

SELECT   vbeln   posnr   UP TO 10 ROWS   FROM vbap   INTO TABLE itab.

CALL FUNCTION 'SAP_CONVERT_TO_CSV_FORMAT'   EXPORTING     i_field_seperator    = ';'

  TABLES     i_tab_sap_data       = itab   CHANGING     i_tab_converted_data = itab1   EXCEPTIONS     conversion_failed    = 1     OTHERS               = 2. IF sy­subrc <> 0.   MESSAGE ID sy­msgid TYPE sy­msgty NUMBER sy­msgno   WITH sy­msgv1 sy­msgv2 sy­msgv3 sy­msgv4. ENDIF.

CALL FUNCTION 'GUI_DOWNLOAD'   EXPORTING     filename = 'C:\TEMP\test.txt'   TABLES     data_tab = itab1   EXCEPTIONS     OTHERS   = 1.  

h3. 10 basic steps to create Enhancement Spot/ BADI

1. Go to se18. 2. Enter the name enhancement spot and click create. 3. On next screen click on create new BADI. 4. Once the BADI is created then expand the tree on the      left side. 5. Then double click on interface and give the name of the interface. 6. On the next screen it will ask for interface methods and its level ,that is it  static or instance ? 7. Go to se19, and then click on enhancemnet spot ,enter the name of enhacemnet  spot created above and click on implement. 8. On next pop up give the name of enhancement implementation. 9. On next screen give the name of BADI implementation and its implementaion  class and also BADI definition just created above and save. 10. Now back to se18 and there activate both enhancement spot and BADI  implementaion.And see both BADI interface and implementation. Back to top

How can I get the IP address of the system programmatically? You can use cl_gui_frontend_services to get the system IP address. DATA ip_addr TYPE c LENGTH 50. CALL METHOD cl_gui_frontend_services=>get_ip_address   RECEIVING     ip_address           = ip_addr   EXCEPTIONS     cntl_error           = 1     error_no_gui         = 2     not_supported_by_gui = 3     OTHERS               = 4. DATA terminal LIKE USR41­TERMINAL. CALL FUNCTION 'TERMINAL_ID_GET'  EXPORTING    USERNAME                   = sy­uname  IMPORTING    TERMINAL                   = terminal. Back to top How can I download my internal table into an Excel file? Use the function module SAP_CONVERT_TO_XLS_FORMAT to download the internal table to an excel file. PARAMETERS: p_file LIKE rlgrap­filename DEFAULT 'c:\tmp\test.xls'. DATA: t100_Lines TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF t001 WITH DEFAULT KEY.

SELECT * FROM t001 INTO TABLE t100_Lines.

CALL FUNCTION 'SAP_CONVERT_TO_XLS_FORMAT'   EXPORTING     i_filename     = p_file   TABLES     i_tab_sap_data = t100_Lines. Or get much more control by creating an XML file Back to top

How can I read an Excel file from presentation server? You can use the Function module ALSM_EXCEL_TO_INTERNAL_TABLE to read the Excel file into the internal table of type alsmex_tabline. From this internal table you can fill the target internal table. TYPES:   BEGIN OF ty_upload,     field1 TYPE c length 12,     field2 TYPE c length 12,     field3 TYPE c length 12,   END OF ty_upload.   DATA it_upload TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF ty_upload WITH DEFAULT KEY.   DATA wa_upload TYPE ty_upload.   DATA itab TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF alsmex_tabline WITH DEFAULT KEY.   FIELD­SYMBOLS: <wa> type alsmex_tabline.

  CALL FUNCTION 'ALSM_EXCEL_TO_INTERNAL_TABLE'     EXPORTING       filename    = filename       i_begin_col = 1       i_begin_row = 1       i_end_col   = 3       i_end_row   = 65535     TABLES       intern      = itab.

  LOOP AT itab ASSIGNING <wa>.     CASE <wa>­col.       WHEN '0001'.         wa_upload­field1 = <wa>­value.       WHEN '0002'.         wa_upload­field2 = <wa>­value.       WHEN '0003'.         wa_upload­field3 = <wa>­value.     ENDCASE.     APPEND wa_upload TO it_upload.     CLEAR wa_upload.

  ENDLOOP. Back to top How can I convert numerals into the corresponding text? Use the Function Module SPELL_AMOUNT to convert the integer into text. DATA v_int TYPE i VALUE '1000'. DATA words LIKE SPELL.

CALL FUNCTION 'SPELL_AMOUNT'  EXPORTING    AMOUNT          = v_int    LANGUAGE        = SY­LANGU  IMPORTING    IN_WORDS        = words           . WRITE words­word. Back to top I am using a SELECT query on a database table. Since the number of records in the table is very large, the program dumps due to insufficient memory. How can I solve this? In this case you could use the PACKAGE SIZE addition in the SELECT query to process in limited amount of data, thus avoiding the memory overloads. Eg: SELECT *  FROM <table>  INTO TABLE itab  PACKAGE SIZE <n>.

IF sy­subrc EQ 0. *" Process the n records ENDIF. ENDSELECT. [Back to top]

How can I import and export my ABAP developments? SAPlink is an opensource community project that makes it easy to share ABAP developments between programmers. It provides the ability to easily distribute and package custom objects. Back to top Where are the long texts of a document stored and how to access the same?* The long texts of a document are stored in a encrypted format in the STXH and STXL tables, where STXH stores the header information of the long text like TDOBJECT, which indicates which text object the long text belongs to, TDID which indicates the Text ID and TDNAME which is the actual name of the long text. As these texts are stored in a encrypted format, the text cannot be read using a SELECT statement. You will have to use the function READ_TEXT. The easiest way of getting to know the parameter values is to go to a document, open the long text in a full screen mode. For example, when you wan to see the long text for a Purchase order, go to transaction ME23n. Assume, you want to see the parameters for the Header Text. In the first Tab Strip Control, click on the Texts tab and select the Header Text node on the left hand side, which will display the text on the right hand side. Now, double click on the text editor on the right hand side. This will open the text in the full screen mode. In the menu Go To --> Header, you should be able to see the values for all the three parameters we discussed above. We will have to do the same thing for whichever text parameters we want to see. CALL FUNCTION 'READ_TEXT'   EXPORTING *   CLIENT                        = SY­MANDT     ID                            =     LANGUAGE                      =     NAME                          =     OBJECT                        = *   ARCHIVE_HANDLE                = 0 *   LOCAL_CAT                     = ' ' * IMPORTING *   HEADER                        =   TABLES     LINES                         = * EXCEPTIONS *   ID                            = 1 *   LANGUAGE                      = 2 *   NAME                          = 3 *   NOT_FOUND                     = 4 *   OBJECT                        = 5

*   REFERENCE_CHECK               = 6 *   WRONG_ACCESS_TO_ARCHIVE       = 7 *   OTHERS                        = 8           . IF SY­SUBRC <> 0. * MESSAGE ID SY­MSGID TYPE SY­MSGTY NUMBER SY­MSGNO *         WITH SY­MSGV1 SY­MSGV2 SY­MSGV3 SY­MSGV4. ENDIF. Back to top How do I create a long text for a document?* Please refer to the important parameters that are discussed in the previous question of reading texts. We will need the same parameters for saving the text as well. The function modules that you can use for this will be SAVE_TEXT followed by COMMIT_TEXT. The parameters play a very important roles as you might not see the saved text in the standard transaction if you give wrong parameter values. CALL FUNCTION 'SAVE_TEXT'   EXPORTING *   CLIENT                = SY­MANDT     HEADER                = *   INSERT                = ' ' *   SAVEMODE_DIRECT       = ' ' *   OWNER_SPECIFIED       = ' ' *   LOCAL_CAT             = ' ' * IMPORTING *   FUNCTION              = *   NEWHEADER             =   TABLES     LINES                 = * EXCEPTIONS *   ID                    = 1 *   LANGUAGE              = 2 *   NAME                  = 3 *   OBJECT                = 4 *   OTHERS                = 5           . IF SY­SUBRC <> 0.


CALL FUNCTION 'COMMIT_TEXT' * EXPORTING *   OBJECT                = '*' *   NAME                  = '*' *   ID                    = '*' *   LANGUAGE              = '*' *   SAVEMODE_DIRECT       = ' ' *   KEEP                  = ' ' *   LOCAL_CAT             = ' ' * IMPORTING *   COMMIT_COUNT          = * TABLES *   T_OBJECT              = *   T_NAME                = *   T_ID                  = *   T_LANGUAGE            =           . Back to top How do I display / add the Terms and Conditions to the business document? I would suggest that you create separate SMART Form for the Terms and conditions and call that right after the PO main smart form. It gives the flexibility in calling the same smart form for other documents also, as generally these are the same Terms and Conditions for all the documents that a company uses. We can have the Terms and Conditions stored as long texts in SO10 (Standard Text, TDOBJECT TEXT and TDID - ST and TEXTNAME - Whatever name you want to give). This way if you want to change the text, its easy to change and you can transport the changes using program RSTXTRAN. We have a text element in the smart form, and the general attributes of the text change the type to "Include Text". This will change the screen and you should be able enter the parameter values of Object, ID and name. This will automatically print the entire long text on the smart form, we just need to make sure that this is a part of the main window of the smart form as the text might run into multiple pages. Back to top

How to convert from one currency value to other? We can Use the Following Function Module to convert from one Currency vale to other In following function module we need to pass Foreign currency, Local Currency type_rate:Type of rate M=Average rate G=Bank buying rate B=bank selling rate We Get Exchange rate for that day, foreign factor, Local factor. And Foreign currency can be calculated as below mentioned in IF ENDIF DATA: l_er TYPE tcurr­ukurs, " l_ff TYPE tcurr­ffact, l_lf TYPE tcurr­tfact, l_erate(12) TYPE c,

CALL FUNCTION 'READ_EXCHANGE_RATE' EXPORTING date = sy­datum foreign_currency = wa_bseg­pswsl local_currency = c_euro type_of_rate = 'M' IMPORTING exchange_rate = l_er foreign_factor = l_ff local_factor = l_lf EXCEPTIONS no_rate_found = 1 no_factors_found = 2 no_spread_found = 3 derived_2_times = 4 overflow = 5 OTHERS = 6. IF sy­subrc = 0. l_erate = l_er / ( l_ff / l_lf ). wa_itab­wrbtr = wa_itab­wrbtr * l_erate.

ENDIF. Back to top How do I send e-mail?

There are several methods to accomplish this: Sending E-Mail from ABAP - Version 610 and Higher - BCS Interface Sending E-Mail from ABAP - Version 46D and Lower - API Interface BCS interface in BSPs Develop a Web Service that sends an Email - in ABAP, Netweaver 04S Back to top How do I receive and process e-mail? Receiving E-Mail and processing it with ABAP - Version 610 and Higher Back to top How do I generate PDFs? BSP/HowTo: Generate PDF Output (from a BSP) Back to top ABAP:ABAP General How to change the deadline of the workitem programmatically in SAP? Following code is used to changes the deadline of any work item which is in WAITING state. The FMs needs the input like the object type for which the workflow has executed, the workflow ID to which the workitem belongs and the Task id of the standard task which is executed and in waiting state. DATA: lit_deadline TYPE TABLE OF swwdeadlin,       lt_workitem TYPE TABLE OF swr_wihdr,       lt_rel_wi TYPE TABLE OF swwwihead,       w_workitem TYPE swr_wihdr,       w_rel_wi TYPE swwwihead,       w_deadline TYPE swwdeadlin,       l_objkey TYPE swo_typeid,       l_retcode TYPE sy­subrc. * Retrieve the work items executed for desired Object type CALL FUNCTION 'SAP_WAPI_WORKITEMS_TO_OBJECT'     EXPORTING       objtype                  = l_objtype       objkey                   = l_objkey       top_level_items          = space       selection_status_variant = '0001'     IMPORTING       return_code              = l_ret_code     TABLES       worklist                 = lt_workitem. * Select the workitems executed for particular Workflow.   SORT lt_workitem BY wi_rh_task wi_stat.   READ TABLE lt_workitem

       INTO w_workitem        WITH KEY wi_rh_task = 'WS91001143'                 wi_stat = 'STARTED'                 BINARY SEARCH. * Select the dependent workitems of 'WS91001143'.     CALL FUNCTION 'SWI_GET_DEPENDENT_WORKITEMS'       EXPORTING         wi_id         = w_workitem­wi_id       TABLES         dependent_wis = lt_rel_wi. *   Select the workitems for which the deadline needs to be changed.     SORT lt_rel_wi BY wi_rh_task wi_stat.     READ TABLE lt_rel_wi          INTO w_rel_wi          WITH KEY wi_rh_task = 'TS91001414'                   wi_stat = 'WAITING'                   BINARY SEARCH. *   Update the deadline of the waiting task.       w_deadline­wi_dattype = 'DS'.       w_deadline­wi_date = l_new_date.       w_deadline­wi_time = '000001'.       APPEND w_deadline TO lt_deadline.       CALL FUNCTION 'SWW_WI_DEADLINES_CHANGE'         EXPORTING           wi_id               = w_rel_wi­wi_id           do_commit           = 'X'         TABLES           deadline_attributes = lt_deadline         EXCEPTIONS           no_authorization    = 1           invalid_type        = 2           update_failed       = 3           invalid_status      = 4           OTHERS              = 5.  if sy­subrc <> 0.  endif. Back to top When selection screen-screen output will use? Mostly selection screen will use for Repoting purpose.We can give range of inputs or particulat input or single input by selection screen. How to calculate last date of the month? Mostly this problem arises since the months have variable end date and we need to know at runtime, whether last date is 31 or 30 or in case of Feb 28 or29!! Here's what can be done: Data : lv_date type DATS,           lv_lastday type DATS,           wf_date type DATS,           lv_month(2) type n.

wf_date = sy­datlo.&nbsp; "This is just for demo *wf_date contains the date in the format 20071026 lv_month = wf_date+4(2) + 1. concatenate wf_date+0(4) lv_month '01' into lv_date. lv_lastday = lv_date ­ 1. This method is better: Use the function module FIMA_DATE_CREATE data: lv_actual_date type sy-datum, lv_end_of_month_date type sy-datum. lv_actual_date = sy-datum. CALL FUNCTION 'FIMA_DATE_CREATE' EXPORTING I_DATE = lv_actual_date * I_FLG_END_OF_MONTH = ' ' * I_YEARS =0 * I_MONTHS =0 * I_DAYS =0 * I_CALENDAR_DAYS =0 I_SET_LAST_DAY_OF_MONTH = 'X' IMPORTING E_DATE = lv_end_of_month_date . With the other Exporting Parameters you can get the date of other years or months. For example: I_YEARS = 2 => Input_Years = 2005 Output_Years = 2007 I_MONTHS = '-3' => Input_Month = 07 Output_Month = 04 Back to top How to calculate last date of the month

10 basic steps to create Enhancement Spot/ BADI
1. Go to se18. 2. Enter the name enhancement spot and click create. 3. On next screen click on create new BADI. 4. Once the BADI is created then expand the tree on the left side. 5. Then double click on interface and give the name of the interface. 6. On the next screen it will ask for interface methods and its level ,that is it static or instance ? 7. Go to se19, and then click on enhancement spot ,enter the name of enhacement spot created above and click on implement. 8. On next pop up give the name of enhancement implementation. 9. On next screen give the name of BADI implementation and its implementation class and also BADI definition just created above and save. 10. Now back to se18 and there activate both enhancement spot and BADI implementaion.And see both BADI interface and implementation.

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