Alexander lranklln

Cold lour

lmaglne a man who could dlsprove an enLlre socleLy and allow you Lo arrlve aL
desLlnaLlons on LlmeŦ 1hls may seem llke flcLlonţ buL lL ls noL! Callleo Calllel was Lhe mosL
lnfluenLlal man of Lhe SclenLlflc 8evoluLlonŦ noL only dld he dlsprove Lhe CeocenLrlc unlverseţ
he deflned Lhe Law of Lhe ÞendulumŦ 1hese advances ln Lechnology allowed oLher sclenLlsLs Lo
conLlnue Lhelr workŦ
1o begln wlLhţ Callleo Callel llved from lebruary 13
Lh
ţ 1364 Lo !anuary 8
Lh
ţ 1642Ŧ Some
of hls professlons ln llfe where physlclsLţ maLhemaLlclanţ asLronomerţ and phllosopherŦ Callleo
was born ln Þlsa as Lhe flrsL of slx chlldrenŦ Pls faLherţ vlncenzo Calllelţ was a famous luLenlsL
and muslc LheorlsLŦ When Callleo was elghLţ hls famlly moved Lo llorenceŦ Poweverţ he was
lefL wlLh !acopo 8orghlnl for Lhe nexL Lwo yearsŦ uurlng Lhls Llme he enrolled ln Lhe
Camaldolese MonasLeryŦ Pe publlshed several works durlng Lhe remalnder of hls llfe unLll dylng
ln 1642Ŧ Pe ls burled aL Lhe 8aslllca of SanLa CroceŦ
Callleo's achlevemenLs are exceedlngly numerousŦ Some examples of hls less known
work ls dlscoverlng four moons around !uplLerţ dlscoverlng sunspoLs on Lhe sunţ and sLudylng
and skeLchlng geographlc feaLures on Lhe surface of Lhe moonŦ Poweverţ hls mosL lmporLanL
achlevemenL was Lhe lnvenLlon of Lhe Lelescope and Lhe dlscovery of Lhe Law of Lhe ÞendulumŦ
WlLh Lhe Lelescopeţ asLronomers were allowed Lo sLudy and observe Lhe heavens ln a beLLer
wayŦ Lven Lhough we have more powerful Lelescopes Lodayţ Callleo sLlll had Lhe ablllLy Lo sLudy
Lhe sLarsŦ ln addlLlonţ Lhe Law of Lhe Þendulum allowed grandfaLher clocks Lo be mass
producedŦ 1hls allowed many people Lo galn a way Lo learn Lhe Llme qulckly wlLhln Lhelr own
homeŦ
Callleo was lnfluenLlal ln Lhe SclenLlflc 8evoluLlon or many reasonsŦ An example ls LhaL
he made orlglnal conLrlbuLlons Lo Lhe sclenLlflc meLhodŦ WlLhouL hlmţ Lhe sclenLlflc meLhod
may noL be whaL lL ls LodayŦ Lven Lhough grandfaLher clocks are noL common Lodayţ wlLhouL
dlscoverlng Lhe Law of Lhe Þendulumţ Llme could noL have been accuraLely checked durlng Lhe
1300sŦ llnallyţ Lhe dlscovery of Lhe PellocenLrlc unlverse allowed sclenLlsLs Lo look aL
asLronomy ln a brandţ new wayŦ
Penceţ Callleo Calllel was Lhe mosL lmporLanL sclenLlsL ln Lhe SclenLlflc 8evoluLlonŦ Pe
may noL have been Lhe mosL well knownţ buL he was Lhe mosL lnfluenLlalŦ 1he conLrlbuLlons Lo
Lhe sclenLlflc meLhod wlll never be forgoLLenŦ Alsoţ Lhe Lheory of Lhe PellocenLrlc unlverse ls
sLlll accepLed by mosL people LodayŦ undoubLedlyţ Callleo was Lhe perfecL archlLecL of sclenceŦ

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