Aerated lagoon

1

Aerated lagoon
An aerated lagoon or aerated basin is a holding and/or treatment pond provided with artificial aeration to promote the biological oxidation of wastewaters.[1] [2] [3] There are many other biological processes for treatment of wastewaters, for example activated sludge, trickling filters, rotating biological contactors and biofilters. They all have in common the use of oxygen (or air) and microbial action to biotreat the pollutants in wastewaters.

Types of aerated lagoons or basins
• Suspension mixed lagoons, where there is less energy provided by the aeration equipment to keep the sludge in suspension. [4] • Facultative lagoons, where there is insufficient energy provided by the aeration equipment to keep the sludge in suspension and solids settle to the lagoon floor. The biodegradable solids in the settled sludge then degrade anaerobically.[4]

Suspension mixed lagoons

Suspension mixed lagoons flow through activated sludge systems where the effluent has the same composition as the mixed liquor in the lagoon. Typically the sludge will have a residence time or sludge age of 1 to 5 days. This means that the chemical oxygen demand(COD) removed is relatively little and the effluent is therefore unacceptable for discharge into receiving waters.[4] The objective of the lagoon is therefore to act as a biologically assisted flocculator which converts the soluble biodegradable organics in the influent to a biomass which is able to settle as a sludge.[4] Usually the effluent is then put in a second pond where the sludge can settle. The effluent can then be removed from the top with a low COD, while the sludge accumulates on the floor and undergoes anaerobic stabilisation. .[4]

Aerated lagoon used to treat wastewater from a hogfarm. Courtesy of Environmental Dynamics Inc.

Methods of aerating lagoons or basins
There are many methods for aerating a lagoon or basin: • • • • Motor-driven floating surface aerators Motor-driven submerged aerators Motor-driven fixed-in-place surface aerators Injection of compressed air through submerged diffusers

). between 0 °C and 40 °C. IWA Publishing. Burton. H. There are two main types of submerged diffused aeration systems for lagoon applications: floating lateral and submerged lateral. pdf . John Wiley & Sons. F.[5] Submerged diffused aeration Submerged diffused air is essentially a form of a diffuser grid inside a lagoon. McMillan Publishing. [4] Henze. Chemical Engineering Progress Symposium Series 67 (107): 322–339. Most surface aerated vessels operate at between 4 °C and 32 °C. and they provide the mixing required for dispersing the air and for contacting the reactants (that is. (1971). Typically. oxygen. wastewater. (2008). "Performance of surface-aerated basins". (1982).8 to 2. (2003).J.L. the floating surface aerators are rated to deliver the amount of air A Typical Surface-Aerated Basin (using motor-driven floating aerators) equivalent to 1. However.. Wastewater Engineering (Treatment Disposal Reuse) / Metcalf & Eddy.[5] The ponds or basins may range in depth from 1..0 metres. Milton R. Flexible airline or weighted air hose supplies air to the diffuser unit from the air lateral (either floating or submerged).D.R. they do not provide as good mixing as is normally achieved in activated sludge systems and therefore aerated basins do not achieve the same performance level as activated sludge units.5 to 5. com/ pdf/ 124. the aerators provide two functions: they transfer air into the basins required by the biological oxidation reactions. LCCN 67019834. the rate of biological reactions increase with temperature. ISBN 0-07-041878-0. php?requester=gs& collection=ENV& recid=7112203& q=& uid=788301038& setcookie=yes) [6] http:/ / www. [2] Tchobanoglous. Wastewater Stabilization Lagoon Design.).[5] In a surface-aerated system. [5] Beychok. G. McGraw-Hill Book Company. Both these systems utilize fine or medium bubble diffusers to provide aeration and mixing to the process water. wastewater and microbes). ISBN 1-84339-188-0. Inc. (4th ed. com/ partners/ viewrecord. and Stensel. csa. The diffusers can be suspended slightly above the lagoon floor or may rest on the bottom. (1967). M. Biological Wastewater Treatment. [3] Beychok. M.7 kg O2/kWh. [6] References [1] Middlebrooks. E. Available at CSA Illumina website (http:/ / md1.Aerated lagoon 2 Floating surface aerators Ponds or basins using floating surface aerators achieve 80 to 90% removal of BOD with retention times of 1 to 10 days.[5] Biological oxidation processes are sensitive to temperature and. ISBN 0-02-949500-8. Performance and Upgrading. Aqueous Wastes from Petroleum and Petrochemical Plants (1st ed.

Partial Mix Lagoons (http://www. Clemson University) . Rich.Aerated lagoon 3 External links • Wastewater Lagoon Systems in Maine (http://www.lagoonsonline.com) • Aerated.pdf) (Wastewater Technology Fact Sheet by the U. Professor Emeritus.gov/owm/mtb/apartlag.S. Department of Environmental Engineering and Science.pdf) (Linvil G. Environmental Protection Agency) • Aerated Lagoon Technology (http://www.clemson.edu/ces/eees/outreach/ AERATEDLAGOONTECHNOLOGY.epa.

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