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059

UNIVERSITY OF MORATUWA

FACUL TY OF ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF TEXTILE & CLOTHING TECHNOLOGY

B.Sc. ENGINEERING LEVEL 2 SEMESTER 2 EXAMINATION TT 2110 WOVEN FABRIC STRUCTURES

-2009

AND ANALYSIS

Time allowed: 3 Hours INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:

June 2009

ADDITIONAL

MATERIALS:

8 X 8 Graph sheets available.

This paper contains 07 questions on 03 pages.

This is a closed book examination.

Answer FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Assume reasonable values for any data not given in the examination paper. Clearly state such assumptions made on the script.

If you have any doubt as to the interpretation of the wording of a question, make your own assumption but clearly state it on the script.

All Examinations are conducted under the rules and regulations of the University.

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Question 1. a). "With respect to the use of woven fabrics.the majority are plain-woven fabrics". Discuss the above statement with reference to the properties and construction of plain weave. (40%) b). Draw design repeats of the following plain woven structures and explain their special characteristics. i. 3/3 warp rib ii. 4/4 weft rib iii. 2/2 matt weave iv. Fancy Matt weave (repeat 8X8) v). Hair-cord weave (60%)

Question 2. a). Describe the classification of Twill weave giving examples for each category b). Draw design repeats of the following twill variations based on (30%)

L.-l
2

twill base.

i. Waved or pointed twills ii. Diamond twill iii. Herringbone twill Draw the drafting plan and lifting plan of the above design repeats using minimum number of heaid shafts. (70%)

Question 3. a). Draw a check design suitable for a shirting fabric using colour and weave effect. Each square/rectangle in the design must be filled with a line effect. (50%) b). Discuss the properties and characteristics of following structures using diagrams. i. Huck a back weave ii Mock leno weave (50%)

Question 4. a). Describe the texture of Crepe fabrics and state two ways of obtaining this effect with examples. (50%) Discuss the properties and characteristics of following weave structures with diagrams. i. Terry towelling ii Corduroy (50%)

b).

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Question 5.

a).

Describe properties, characteristics and end uses of satin / sateen fabrics using suitable diagrams. (40%) Draw the structure of Bed ford Cord weave with cross section and state their end uses and characteristics. (30%) Draw the structure of Honey comb weave and state end uses and characteristics. (30%)

b).

c).

Question 6.

a).
b).

Discuss the properties and end uses of double cloths.

(40%)

Draw a weave repeat of stitched double cloth in which the face weave is given in fig I and the back weave is given in fig II. Face to back thread ratio is 2:1. Use binding points in satin / sateen order. (60%)

x x x x x x x x x x x x

x x

x x x x x x x

IixliJ -+--+---:--I x \ ,

---L~+~~ x X!X4_-j

-+--~'

-'

x x x x x x x x x

x x

x=t=.
x x x

x x x x

x x x x

x x x x x x x x

x x x x

._x x
-f--

x x x x

x
-

x x

ifH
x x

--'--

Fig I

Fig II

Question 7.

a).

Explain ornamentation of fabrics with the principle of "figuring with extra threads" (30%) Draw a weave diagram to elaborate this principle using extra threads offour different colours. (50%) Describe two methods practiced in removing unnecessary extra threads from the fabric after weaving.
(20%)

b).

c).

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