This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Time History Analysis
This example will use the following frame to demonstrate a ground displacement time history analysis. FEATURES: Split Members Nodal Mass Time History Load Case Result Validation
Version Note: This tutorial was created using a prior version of VisualAnalysis. Minor changes to the software may have occurred including new features and graphics updates. The appearance of dialog boxes and the Project Manager may be altered slightly. Consult available Web training Videos (http://www.iesweb.com/training/index.htm) or the User’s Guide (http://www.iesweb.com/products/visualanalysis/help/) if steps do not appear correct.
Modeling the Structure
Create the model shown in the above diagram. The beams and the columns are all W24x94 and the column bases are fixed. After you have modeled the basic geometry, select all the members and split them into 5 equal segments. We also need to add some extra mass to this frame before we set up the time history case. Where the interior columns cross the beams, we need to add translational mass of 3500 K to each of the four nodes. You can add mass to a node in the Modify Tab when nodes are selected. Similarly, specify a translational mass of 1750 K to the 4 nodes where the exterior columns cross the beams. Do this on both exterior columns for a total of 8 nodes.
VisualAnalysis Tutorial: Time History Analysis 1
IES VisualAnalysis Loading the Structure If you started with the Auto-Generated project you may already have a number of service load cases created depending on your customization settings.0 Note: The last displacement value we entered was 5in at t = 3 sec. time increment as 0. Click on the ellipsis where it says "Click button to choose file. To do this. Save the text file to a location you can locate again and call it BaseDisp.txt.0 5.0 0. VisualAnalysis Tutorial: Time History Analysis 2 10/26/10 .) Displacement 0.25.0 3.05 sec increments our total time will only be 2. For this tutorial we will not use these service cases and instead must create a new time history case.0 0. (Note: that you can leave this dialog and VisualAnalysis open while you do this.0 0. Since we only have 50 steps with 0.0 0.5 sec will just be the linear interpolation between the value at 2.0 sec. To do this. open a text editor such as NotePad and enter the following information. For time and Newmark Integration parameters.5.0 0.05 sec. and click the Create Time History button.0 -5. gamma as 0. Name the case "Base Displacement".0 2. select Load | Load Case Manager." The dialog shown below will appear. click the “Dynamic” tab. From the “Forcing function data source” drop list select “From file”. You can now close NotePad (or similar) and go back to VisualAnalysis and the Forcing Function dialog.0 5. specify the number of time steps as 50. The value at 2. beta as 0.0 sec and 3.0 1. We have not created a text file that contains our displacement field over time. Also note that the data as shown is tab delimited but can be spaced delimited or comma delimited as well. and delta as 0.5 sec.
you can manually select the proper information type using the drop down box in the upper right corner of the dialog and VisualAnalysis will then try to re-read the file. please refer to the User's Guide as there may be something wrong with the format of your text file. we should set our analysis options. If the drop down box does not change to the proper information type. After your data file is read-in. If the file still cannot be read. Go to Analyze | Advanced Analysis Options and make sure the Calculate dynamic mode shapes check box is unchecked.IES VisualAnalysis Clicking the ellipsis in this dialog will allow you to browse for the file containing your displacement information. VisualAnalysis will automatically try to determine the contents and read it in. If something looks like a potential problem it will direct you to where to start looking. click OK to close the Dynamic Time History Case dialog box. With a good model. You have now successfully created a new time history case for your structure and we are now ready to proceed with the analysis. The results are displayed at each of the specified time steps showing the response of the structure at that particular instant. Select Analyze | Check Model for Errors to make sure there are no problems. Now VisualAnalysis Tutorial: Time History Analysis 3 10/26/10 . Analysis & Results Now that we have our model created and the time history case defined. Once the file is selected. Close the Load Case Manager. we should check our model for errors before setting the analysis options and actually analyzing the structure.
select Result Validation Checks. From the Analyze menu. VisualAnalysis Tutorial: Time History Analysis 4 10/26/10 .). we should also validate our analysis results before reporting and working with our results.IES VisualAnalysis select Analyze | Analyze Now or click the lightning bolt button on the toolbar.5 sec. Similar to checking our model for errors before analyzing. If no problems are found with your results. the dialog displayed below will be brought up. You can view the results for each of the service cases by switching them in the drop down menu above the Result Views. Dialog Brought Up If No Problems Are Found If problems are found. Deflected Shape due the Base Displacement at t=2. Select the Base Displacement load case and expand the General section on the Filter tab of the Project Manager if it is not expanded already. a report indicating potential problems and summarizing the basic checks VA has made to validate correct results will be brought up (See example report below.
The plot should look as follows when you are finished. and P-Delta results check out. the displacements. the report also performs basic material strength checks. On the Filter Tab of the Project Manager you should have six plots. Change the top two to Displacement X and Displacement Y and the remaining plots to No Results. There are a number of ways to view the results for time history load cases. rightclick and choose Graph Node Results. VisualAnalysis Tutorial: Time History Analysis 5 10/26/10 . Select the top left node of the structure. In the example report above. The validation checks also report the applied loads and reactions to make sure the statics balance. loads.IES VisualAnalysis Example of Result Validation Check Report with Warning The Result Validation Checks check translations in the model to verify that the small deflections assumed in a linear analysis are not violated. The maximum stress in at least one member exceeds the member’s yield stress so a warning is presented. Lastly. This will bring up a plot that we will adjust to show only Displacement Y and Displacement X. One interesting way is to graphically plot nodes over the applied time.
Simply go the the View | Animate Results View and choose the video compression if desired. When done. Time History Cases. and Forcing Function Summary. These reports are available at any of the various result time steps. You can use many of the "static" reports normally available such as Member Internal Forces with time history cases as well. This plot shows the displacement in the X and Y directions for node N5 over the complete time the base displacement was applied. Forcing Function Details. VisualAnalysis Tutorial: Time History Analysis 6 10/26/10 . There are three main reports specific to time history analyses. you can animate your results to view the structure’s response with time.IES VisualAnalysis Displacement Y and Displacement X for the top left node (N5). Additionally. Feel free to experiment with creating these reports. you can plot the reaction forces for the supported base nodes as well. In a similar manner. exit the animation window.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.