ENERGY v The amount of energy produced by the sun in a 2 week period equals the combined stored energy of all

the coal, iron and natural gas reserves known to man. [Source: the people's almanac #2] How cold is it in outer space? If you could measure the temperature in a deserted region of space, with nothing for light years around, it would be about 2.7 degrees Kelvin (-454 degrees Fahrenheit). Zero degrees Kelvin is 'absolute zero,' the point at which molecules have no kinetic energy and therefore stand dead still. The 2.7 degrees figure arises from the microwave background radiation - energy left over from the Big Bang that floods the universe in all directions. [Source: Emazing - Michael Natkin] Horses expend more energy lying down than they do when they are standing up! [Source: Bathroom Readers Guide] One out of every 100 little specks on a fuzzy TV screen is caused by nuclear energy from the big bang! [Source: Friend] The Sun has enough energy to burn yet another 5 billion years. [Source: Exploring Space] Olympus Mons, a volcano found on Mars, is the largest volcano found in the galaxy. It is 370 miles across and rises up 15 miles. Volcanoes on Lo, a moon of Jupiter, produce a poisonous gas called sulphur, instead of lava. One fifth of Earth's flowing lava occurs in Iceland. About 40 percent of Iceland's energy is geothermal. Iceland also has geothermic phenomena called a geyser. The only other geysers in the world are found at Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming and Rotorua, New Zealand. The United States has 5% of the world's population, yet consumes 25% of it's energy supply. Natural gas, which is the major constituent, is a clean fuel. For the same energy, it produces 40% or more and less carbon dioxide when it burns. It is a major contributor to the greenhouse effect than coal and 25% less than oil. Moreover, natural gas contains almost no sulfur. Unlike coal and oil, it produces little sulfur oxide when it burns, the main contributor to acid rain. Also, there are no combustion residues, such as dust and ash, and no radioactive waste to dispose of. Natural gas is immediate and local compared to oil and nuclear energy. A person uses more household energy shaving with a hand razor at a sink (because of the water power, the water pump and so on) than he would by using an electric razor. 2201 Fascinating Facts In some volcanic areas such as Iceland, the temperature rises beneath the surface of the earth as high as 680 degrees F (360 degrees C) that engineers can tap the geothermal energy by piping hot water from underground to warm nearby homes, offices and factories. An outdoor swimming pool in the Icelandic capital of Reykjavik is heated so effectively by this method that it remains open and in use all year round. Reader's Digest Book of Facts If their heat energy could be converted to electric power, two SRMs firing for two minutes would produce 2.2 million kilowatt hours of power, enough to supply the entire power demand of 87,000 homes for a full day. [NASA] The energy released by the three Space Shuttle main engines is equivalent to the output of 23 Hoover Dams. [NASA Like Jupiter and Saturn, Neptune has an internal heat source -- it radiates about twice as much energy as it receives from the Sun [The Nine Planets] Jupiter radiates more energy into space than it receives from the Sun. [The Nine Planets] The energy in an average one-day hurricane could power the United States for three years. 353,000 tons traveling at 650 miles per second creates enormous air resistance - this will heat up the reindeer in the same fashion as spacecraft re-entering the atmosphere. The lead pair of reindeer will absorb 14.3 QUINTILLION joules of energy per second. Each. In short, they will burst into flames almost instantaneously, exposing the reindeer

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If it's got less than three months to run. A test drive will help you check that the driving position. Injury protection Seat belts have been around for over 30 years but the design hasn't stood still.015 pounds of force. will be subjected to centrifugal forces 17. Santa. head restraints and the design of the bodyshell and vehicle interior. 5. ( 63% were killed in car accidents not wearing Seatbelts ) 2..315. Cars are not all the same. This covers seat belts and airbags. Observe Speed Limits. The entire reindeer team will be vaporized within 4. For motorcycle drivers. a person traveling in a spaceship whose velocity is close to that of the speed of light. Brakes and lights fall into this group as well as systems like electronic stability control or lane keeping support. A 250-pound Santa (which seems ludicrously slim) would be pinned to the back of his sleigh by 4. Car safety What to consider when you buy a new car If you're buying a new car there are lots of things to consider from looks and condition to performance and running costs. steering. CAR SAFETY GUIDE FOR SAFETY AND PROTECTION 1.behind them. Newer cars will have more safety features and may offer better protection in a crash compared to an earlier model. Secondary Safety features come into play once you have an accident and are designed to reduce injuries to you and your passengers. General Checks The basic mechanics of the vehicle like brakes..500. ALWAYS FOLLOW ROAD SIGNS 4. lights and tyres must be in good order but there are other aspects of primary safety that you should check when you take a test drive. Car safety features fall into two categories.26 thousandth of a second. will come back younger than their twin who remained at rest on Earth. known as 'primary' and 'secondary' safety. and creating a deafening sonic boom in their wake. According to Einstein’s special theory of relativity. NEVER OVER SPEED. A vehicle inspection will give you peace of mind about the vehicle's mechanical condition and operation. But don't forget safety. Modern seat belt provide improved protection thanks to: • Pre-tensioners and grabbers that take up slack in the seat belt a split second after the crash starts . 3. meanwhile. Wear Seatbelts always. they should wear their helmet. controls and allround vision suit your needs and you will want to make sure it has the features you need to help protect your family in an accident. • • • • • • Can you adjust the seat and steering so you are comfortable? Can you reach all of the controls? Can you see the instruments clearly? Can you see all round the car? Do the windscreen pillars or head restraints block your view behind? Do the lights give you a clear view of the road ahead? Does the car feel right and do you feel in control? An MOT only shows that the car was in working order on the day of the test. Primary Safety describes features designed to help you avoid a crash.06 times greater than gravity. ask the seller to arrange a new one.

. and oppose further increases in speed limits. Adopt and enforce state legislation to prohibit alcohol-impaired driving. They also show how well the car body is able to absorb crash energy without the passenger compartment being crushed.05 g/dL is presumptive evidence of impaired driving. bicyclists. You'll need to look at cars that don't have a front-passenger airbag or cars where the passenger airbag can be switched off. skateboarders. It could be fatal for the child. Expect even more in the future. Strengthen and enforce existing child safety seat laws and their use in appropriate locations within motor vehicles. Adopt and enforce laws requiring all motorcyclists. We're now seeing the introduction of knee protecting airbags and bags for rear seat passengers too. Their tests will tell you: • • • • how the car performs in a front and side impact crash if the passenger compartment acts as a safety cage or crumples and collapses if airbags and seatbelts can protect people of different shapes and sizes if there is sufficient padding inside the car in areas you might strike in a crash ANOTHER • • • • • Adopt and enforce primary enforcement safety belt use laws. and is now illegal. to use a rear facing child seat on a passenger seat equipped with an active frontal airbag. An airbag mounted in the edge of the roof over the doors protects the head in a side impact or roll-over accident. in-line skaters. specifically mandating that: a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0. and any measurable level of BAC while driving shall be illegal in persons younger than the legal drinking age in each state. The European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP) has been crash testing and rating new cars since 1997. a BAC of 0. It's not unusual to find six airbags in a modern car – three each for the driver and front-seat passenger. and scooter users to wear helmets. • • • An airbag in the dashboard or steering wheel protects the head and chest in a frontal crash An airbag in the door or the side of the seat protects the chest.• • Load limiters that stop the seatbelt pulling too hard on your chest Lap and diagonal seatbelts in the centre-rear seat instead of the simple static lap belt fitted for many years. tummy and pelvis in a side impact.08 g/dL is per se evidence of driving while impaired. Crash Protection Airbags are supplementary restraints intended to provide additional protection to someone wearing a seatbelt. and extend them to cover all seating positions in all motorized vehicles where feasible. Enforce existing speed limits. Crash Tests Full scale crash tests are the only reliable way of finding out how well airbags and seat belts can protect the car's occupants.