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JOHN B. LACSON FOUNDATION MARITIME UNIVERSITY (AREVALO), INC. Sto.

Nio Sur, Arevalo, Iloilo City

COMPLIANCE AND IMPACT OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT DISPOSAL AMONG PASSENGER VESSELS IN ILOILO PORT, PHILIPPINES by BALEA, Arnold L. Jr. CARTON, Mark Jun M. LOSARIA, Marc F. MAGNO, Lorenze TACATAC, Paul

Chapter 1 Introduction to the Study Chapter 1 is divided into (5) parts: (1) Background of the Study and Theoretical Framework, (2) Statement of the

Hypothesis, (3) Significance of the Study, (4) Definition of Terms, and (5) Delimitation of the Study. Part Framework, One [1], Background overview of or the Study and of Theoretical the research

gives

the

rationale

problem while the theoretical framework presents ideas in which the research problem is anchored on. Part Two [2], Statement of the problem, identifies the

general and specific problems.

JOHN B. LACSON FOUNDATION MARITIME UNIVERSITY (AREVALO), INC. Sto. Nio Sur, Arevalo, Iloilo City

Part Three [3], Significance of the Study, itemizes the benefactors and their respective benefits that they could derived from the result of the Study. Part Four [4], Definition of Terms, includes the key terms used n the study which are defined conceptually and operationally. Part Five [5], Delimitation of the Study, explains the

nature, coverage, period of the study.

Background of the Study and Theoretical Framework The port of Iloilo, considered the leader of trade and a commercial hub for Western Visayas is also one of the safest

natural seaports in the Philippines. There are a number of regular shipping companies that use of the port of Iloilo like navigation company Negros

and trans Asia shipping lines.inc. There is

also ro-ro service to Cebu via Negros. The opening of Iloilo port to the world market in 1855 replaced industries. In line with this, increase of improper disposal of solid and hazardous waste in our country is due to a number of reasons. It finds several causes of this such as: increasing population, lack the disappearing textile

JOHN B. LACSON FOUNDATION MARITIME UNIVERSITY (AREVALO), INC. Sto. Nio Sur, Arevalo, Iloilo City

of

integrated

solid

waste

management

system

and

lack

of

environmentally sound disposal system. Solid waste generated on a ship includes lass, paper,

cardboard, aluminum and steel cast, and plastics. It can be either be hazardous or nun hazardous in nature. Solid waste that enters the ocean may become marine debris and become a threat to marine organisms, humans and coastal communities. For a large cruise ship, about eight tons of solid waste generated during a one week cruise. It has been estimated that twenty-four parent of the solid waste generated by vessels

worldwide cenes from cruise ships. This is according to a research made by Bustamante, that solid waste is a perennial problem of every port in the country and also around the world. This study was conducted because researchers wanted to know if all passenger vessels in Iloilo port really comply the

guidelines concerning proper solid waste management disposal. Another reason for conducting this research is that, there were so many rules and regulations made by authorities like DENR site, to solve this problem, but instead of lessening the issue (solid waste management disposal), it becomes more aggravating situation that can be seen in different ports of the Philippines especially in Iloilo, thus this study must be undertaken.

JOHN B. LACSON FOUNDATION MARITIME UNIVERSITY (AREVALO), INC. Sto. Nio Sur, Arevalo, Iloilo City

Statement of the problem This study aimed to determine the compliance and impact of solid waste management disposal among passenger vessels in Iloilo port, Philippines. Specifically, it sought to answer the following questions:

1. Do passenger ships comply with regulations on solid waste management disposal?

2. What are the impacts of waste management disposal among passenger vessels in terms of:

a.) attitude of crew onboard

b.) ships operations on port

Significance of the Study This study aims to determine the compliance of passenger vessels in Iloilo port for the proper waste management disposal. The results of the study may have great use to the following: Citizens in the port vicinity. If this study can prove that passenger vessels really comply with the regulations in accordance to the solid waste management disposal, the people near the port

JOHN B. LACSON FOUNDATION MARITIME UNIVERSITY (AREVALO), INC. Sto. Nio Sur, Arevalo, Iloilo City

will have knowledge about their environment and thus a big help in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. People of Iloilo. Ilonggos will be proud and have pride if they have a clean port. Passenger vessel. If passenger vessels will comply in these regulations, it could help people and government officials of Iloilo to achieve higher recognition towards clean and green program of the Philippines. Port authority. This study could help port authority to determine how clean the port and thus will be a basis if the passenger vessels do comply with the regulations. Marine environment. This study could help to save endangered species at sea, prevent marine pollution and maintain the cleanliness of maritime world.

Definition of terms Solid waste - commonly known as trash or garbage, is a waste type consisting of everyday items we consume and discard. It predominantly includes food wastes, yard wastes, containers and product packaging, and other miscellaneous inorganic wastes from residential, commercial, institutional, and industrial sources.

JOHN B. LACSON FOUNDATION MARITIME UNIVERSITY (AREVALO), INC. Sto. Nio Sur, Arevalo, Iloilo City

Port - is a location on a coast or shore containing one or more harbors where ships can dock and transfer people or cargo to or from land.

Delimitation of the study This descriptive study aimed to know the compliance and impact of solid waste management disposal in Iloilo port, Philippines. The researchers wanted to tackle solid waste generated on a passenger ship, It could be hazardous or non hazardous in nature. This study will help the port authorities of Iloilo to determine how passenger vessels thus really complied the rules set out in maintaining the cleanliness of the port. The researchers limit for 5 months only or one school year.