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Copyright

Copyright 2001 SAP AG. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproducedor transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the express permission of SAP AG. The information contained herein may be changed without prior notice. All rights reserved.

© SAP AG 2001

Trademarks:

Some software products marketed by SAP AG and its distributors contain proprietary software components of other software vendors. Microsoft®, WINDOWS®, NT®, EXCEL®, Word®, PowerPoint® and SQL Server® are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. IBM®, DB2 ®, OS/2 ®, DB2/6000®, Parallel Sysplex®, MVS/ESA®, RS/6000®, AIX ®, S/390 ®, AS/400 ®, OS/390 ®, and OS/400® are registered trademarks of IBM Corporation. ORACLE® is a registered trademark of ORACLE Corporation. INFORMIX®-OnLine for SAP and INFORMIX® Dynamic ServerTM are registered trademarks of Informix Software Incorporated. UNIX®, X/Open ®, OSF/1®, and Motif® are registered trademarks of the Open Group. HTML, DHTML, XML, XHTML are trademarks or registered trademarks of W3C®, World Wide Web Consortium, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. JAVA® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. JAVASCRIPT® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc., used under license for technology invented and implemented by Netscape. SAP, SAP Logo, R/2, RIVA, R/3, ABAP, SAP ArchiveLink, SAP Business Workflow, WebFlow, SAP EarlyWatch, BAPI, SAPPHIRE, Management Cockpit, mySAP.com Logo and mySAP.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and in several other countries all over the world. All other products mentioned are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.

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© SAP AG

AP010

Preface-1

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SAP Advanced Planner and Optimizer (APO)
Level 2 SAP R/3
LO050 5 days

Level 2 SAP APO

Level 3 SAP APO
AP210 5 days Demand Planning

PP - Planning and Execution for Discrete and Repetitive Manufacturing

AP010

2 days

AP215

3 days

SAP APO Overview AP205 2 days

Supply Network Planning AP220 3 days

Integration Master Data

Production Planning/ Detailed Scheduling AP230

LO060

5 days BC555

PP-PI Process Manufacturing

liveCache Administration

© SAP AG 2001

The level 2 course AP010, the first in the series of SAP Advanced Planner and Optimizer courses, provides an overview of the individual SAP APO components and is a prerequisite for all of the level 3 SAP APO courses. The level 3 courses build on the knowledge gained during AP010 and broaden your working knowledge of the individual SAP APO components. The five level 3 courses give detailed information on the following areas: Demand Planning, Integration, Supply Network Planning, Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling, and Global Availability Check. System administrators can also attend course BC555 liveCache Administration, which is listed in the Basis Administation Training curriculum.

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2 days

Global ATP

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2 days

© SAP AG

AP010

Preface-2

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Course Prerequisites Prerequisites
l None

Recommended
l General understanding of supply chain concepts

© SAP AG 2001

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© SAP AG

AP010

Preface-3

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Target group Target group
l

Project team members involved in the implementation of APO (Advanced Planner and Optimizer) in their company.

?

Duration
l 2 days

?

© SAP AG 2001

Notes to the user

The training materials are not intended as self-study programs. They complement the course instructor's explanations. There is space for you to write down additional information on each page. There may not be enough time in the course to do all of the exercises. The exercises are additional examples that are done during the course. Participants can also use these examples to refresh or extend their knowledge after the course.

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© SAP AG

AP010

Preface-4

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Company Profile: Precision Pump Company Precision Pump Company
l The Precision Pump Company was launched in 1971 and is the market leader, selling a large variety of high-tech standard pumps. It has been listed in the New York stock index Nasdaq 100 since 1999.

Products
l

?

In the product catalog are turbomolecular, centrifugal, rotation and membrane pumps (for the manufacture of ultrahigh vacuums, for example).

Customers
l

?

From the electronics industry, semiconductor industries, chemical technology, pharmaceutical technology, and process technology up to and including vehicle manufacturers, and universities.

© SAP AG 2001

The Precision Pump Company was launched in 1971 and is the market leader, selling a large variety of high-tech standard pumps. In the product catalog are turbomolecular, centrifugal, rotation and membrane pumps. Its customers come from the electronics industry, semiconductor industries, chemical technology, pharmaceutical technology and process technology up to and including vehicle manufacturers, and universities. The company recently became ISO certified and has been listed in the New York share index Nasdaq 100 since 1999. Ÿ In the rapidly growing business area of turbomolecular pumps in particular, the company has shown a clear rise in revenue over the past business year: in the semiconductor industries countless steps, from wafer manufacture, to the final chip, can only be made under high vacuum conditions. In this area, there has to be ultimate pressure of < 10-10 mbar (i.e. ultrahigh vacuum). Ÿ During the current fiscal year, the company is planning to enter the booming DVD growth market. DVDs are a form of rewritable optical memory media. They are distinguished from the CD by their large memory capacity. Coating equipment needed to create these rewritable DVDs also uses vacuum technology. Ÿ Via intensive "co-engineering" with manufacturers, Precision Pump Company has optimized a large number of products to match these special requirements.

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© SAP AG

AP010

Preface-5

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Plants and Distribution Centers

3000 New York

2500 DC Rotterdam 1000 Hamburg (main plant and company headquarters) 2400 DC Milan

3800 Denver

2300 Barcelona

Plant
© SAP AG 2001

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© SAP AG

AP010

Preface-6

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BOM P-102
Pump Precision 102

P-102
(FERT, T-F2##) (1000, 0, _ )

Item 0010
Casing

1

0020
Fly wheel

1

0030
Shaft

1

0040
Pressure cover

1

0050
Document

1

0060
Screw

1

100-100
(HALB, T-B1##) (1000, 10, 2 )

102-200
(HALB, T-B?##) (1000, 10, 2 )

100-300 (HALB, T-B3##) (1000, 0, _ )

100-400
(HALB, T-B4##) (1000, 10, 2 )

P-100
(T-F1##) DRW, 000, 00

100-130
(ROH, 100-130) (1000, 10007, 2 )

Item 0010
Slug

1

0020
Flat gasket

1

0030
Screw

8

0010
Slug

1

0010
Slug

1

0010
Slug

1

100-110
(ROH, T-T1##) (1000, 1000, 2 ) 1003 Gusswerke (5300000866)

100-120
(ROH, T-T2##) (1000, 1000, 2 ) 1003 Gusswerke (5300000867) 1006 Blacks (5300000720) 1011 Kugelmeier (5300001081)

100-130
(ROH, T-T3##) (1000, 1000, 2 ) 1002 M (5300000790) 1022 Max Wholesale (5300000721)

100-210
(ROH, T-T0##) (1000, 1000, 2 ) 1003 Gusswerke (?) 1011 Kugelmeier (5300001106)

100-310
(ROH, T-T4##) (1000, 1000, 2 ) 1003 Gusswerke (?) 1011 Kugelmeier (5300001107)

100-410
(ROH, T-T5##) (1000, 1000, 2 ) 1003 Gusswerke (?)

© SAP AG 2001

This slide shows the R/3 BOM for the product P-102 (T-F2##). This BOM was transferred via CIF as a PP/DS BOM with the screw 100-130 only being planned in R/3. An SNP BOM was then generated from the PP/DS BOM. During automatic conversion it was defined that only the products P-102, 100-100, 100-110, 100-300 and 100-310 are SNP relevant. Ÿ Legend: (Demo material number for SD, consulting) (training material type, training material number (xx = 00 - 20)) (plant, stock, single/collective requirements indicator)

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Only R/3

© SAP AG

AP010

Preface-7

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APO Overview

Contents:
l l Introduction to Supply Chain Overview of APO Planning Applications

© SAP AG 2001

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© SAP AG

AP010

Preface-8

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Course Goals This course will prepare you to: l l l List the fundamental planning scenarios of the Advanced Planner and Optimizer (APO) Explain the functions and interplay of the individual APO components Describe the integration with the execution system and information systems © SAP AG 2001 w rp .e w w o d .erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-9 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. if you wish to remove this line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

if you wish to remove this line.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-10 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.Unit Objectives At the conclusion of this course.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.erpdown. you will be able to l l l l Explain the concepts of Supply Chain Management List the advantages of APO Summarize the functions of the planning applications in APO Explain the interplay of the individual planning applications © SAP AG 2001 w rp .e w w o d .

c n w Conclusion m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-11 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.erpdown.e w w o d .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Course Content Preface Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Course Overview Integration and Technology Modelling and Evaluation in APO Demand Planning Supply Network Planning Unit 9 Unit 10 Unit 6 Unit 7 Unit 8 Production Planning / Detailed Scheduling Transportation Planning / Vehicle Scheduling Global Available-to-Promise APO SCM Implementation © SAP AG 2001 w rp . if you wish to remove this line.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Course Overview Diagram 1 1 Course Overview 1 2 Integration and Technology 3 Modelling and Evaluation in APO 4 Demand Planning 5 Planning Supply Network Production Planning/Detailed 7 Transportation Scheduling Planning/Vehicle 8 Global Available-to-Promise 9 Conclusion 6 Scheduling © SAP AG 2001 w rp . if you wish to remove this line.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown.e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-12 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-13 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. in order to recognize bottlenecks earlier.erpdown. l © SAP AG 2001 w rp . if you wish to remove this line.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Reduced lead times and the guarantee of material and resource availability improve Pump Precision's customer service.Business Scenario l Precision Pump company would like to improve management of its supply chain.e w w o d . improve usage of resources and to reduce costs.

e w w o d . manufacturers.erpdown. if you wish to remove this line. Why manage the supply chain? Ÿ Improve customer service Ÿ Lower sourcing costs of finished goods and raw materials Ÿ Dramatically lower inventory levels Ÿ Leverage all resources to bring substantial benefits to a company w rp .The Supply Chain: From Supplier to Consumer Information flow Transfer Transfer Transfer Transfer Supplier Manufacturer Distribution Retail Outlet Consumer CASH FLOW Supply Chain Optimization Increase customer responsiveness at least cost © SAP AG 2001 Supply Chain Management includes the management of materials. and financial flows in a network consisting of suppliers.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-14 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. distributors. The co-ordination and integration of these flows within and across companies are critical in effective Supply Chain Management. information. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. and customers.

if you wish to remove this line.e w w o d .Why Have Supply Chain Management? Innovation ? Companies today are being forced to adapt to changes in the marketplace in order to stay profitable. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-15 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Changing Consumer Buying Patterns • More products • Alternative ways to shop Collaborative Planning • Sales • Purchasing Shortened Cycle Times • Improved customer service • Flexible reaction to service requests More Effective Planning • More accurate forecasting • Feasible plans • Lower inventory levels © SAP AG 2001 Increased Demand for Value-Added Programs • Custom packs/displays w rp .

In order to realize this and to guarantee a high delivery service.Key Supply Chain Problems l l Customers Postponement Bullwhip Effect Delivery time DCs Lead time Plants Suppliers © SAP AG 2001 Supply Chain The key supply chain problem is that the delivery time of products to the customer must be considerably shorter than the production or the lead time.e w w o d . where the decoupling of make-to-stock production (push strategies) (MTS).as we move along the supply chain. w rp . and make-to-order production (pull strategies) (MTO).c n w m o Push © SAP AG AP010 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Implementing an APS system (Advanced Planning System) does not in itself solve supply chain problems. It is also important that company bosses are prepared to consider making organizational changes to their companies.due to large fluctuations at the manufacturer or the supplier .com 全面的ERP资源下载 Pull Preface-16 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. You use postponement strategies to define how far the sales order links with the supply chain. The bullwhip effect refers to an increase in variability of a (constant) demand pattern . takes place. or at least looking into the possible benefits.erpdown. inventory and safety stock must be built up at component or finished product level in plants or distribution centers (DC). triggered by lot size creation. in other words. if you wish to remove this line.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. exceptions cannot be replanned quickly Ÿ Constraints and capacities are planned infinitely and require the plan to be postprocessed Ÿ Individual planning of separate products is not given for lot sizes and manufacture of co-products Ÿ Static safety and buffer times lead to long lead times and unrealistic capacity loads w rp . The acceptances for the MRPII concept proved to be too restrictive: Ÿ Material planning has highest priority Ÿ Capacity requirements planning and scheduling are functions that are separate and subsequent to material planning and are executed successively Ÿ Individual planning of separate products.erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d Planning Horizon .c n w Result: Feasible plans m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-17 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.Comparison of MRP II with APS Systems Aggregation Level Demand Planning for anonymous demands Master Production Scheduling (MPS) MRP II Material Requirements Planning for Dependent Requirements (MRP) Lot Sizing APO Capacity Requirements Planning Scheduling © SAP AG 2001 APS (Advanced Planning Systems) is the description of the new generation of planning systems with simultaneous quantities and capacity requirements planning. The BOM demands are planned successively and are not linked to each other (no pegging) Ÿ Evaluation and rescheduling of exception situations is feasible Ÿ Cross-plant planning and distribution resource planning do not have to be reflected in the system Disadvantages of the MRPII concept: Ÿ The sequential planning process lasts too long. if you wish to remove this line.

e w w o d .c n w Open Systems m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-18 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown. if you wish to remove this line.SAP's Total Supply Chain Solution Strategic Application Level Customer Relationship Management (CRM) R/3 Core Business Application Level •Finance •HR Supply Chain Solutions (APO) Integration Strategic Enterprise Management (SEM) Core level •Database structure •Interfaces •Development tools •Communication liveCache Electronic Commerce B2B •Logistics •Sales Client-Server •Materials Management •Production Planning Scalability Business Information Warehouse (BW) ••• Flexibility © SAP AG 2001 Non-R/3 Systems w rp .

Advantages of APO ª ª ª ª ª ª ª ª ª High performance using liveCache technology Global server: integrates multiple OLTP systems Collaborative planning via the internet Simultaneous material and finite capacity requirements planning Cross-plant optimization of the resource load Sequence and setup time optimization of orders Transportation optimization with route planning Evaluation and analysis of orders Seamless integration between APO and R/3 © SAP AG 2001 w rp .erpdown.e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-19 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .

implementation and setting parameters. TP/VS External procurement for example. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. LES. their selection. Strategic level (strategy planning): Here. cost leadership). planning PP/DS SNP Production planning PP/DS SNP Delivery planning ATP.Levels of Supply Chain Management Planning Strategy planning Decision of direction for the company Supply Chain Design Network Design (ND) planning) Operational detailed planning (operational planning) Aggregated sales and demand planning Demand Planning (DP) Supply Network Planning (SNP) Ext. quality strategies.e w w o d .erpdown. there is a planning level and an execution level. LES. PP Outbound delivery for example. if you wish to remove this line. comparatively unstructured and simple planning tools such as portfolio techniques (product life cycle analysis. transportation planning. MM Production for example. Within the planning level APS systems are used (APS = Advanced Planning Systems). Each hierarchically superior level determines the ranges of the planning levels below it. IT systems for planning. McKinsey portfolios.com 全面的ERP资源下载 Partner Customer Tactical planning: strategy realization and infrastructure planning (plan infrastructure) Operational aggregated planning (tactical Supply Chain Collaboration marketplace integration Supply Chain Collaboration marketplace integration Supplier Partner . for example) are used to make decisions about the direction of the company (such as product diversification strategies. Tactical level (strategy realization and infrastructure planning): decisions about direction are realized at this level when the company is restructured based on the strategies. MM. planning processes) as well as the part of the company that physically executes (such as factory planning. personnel planning.c n w External procurement at customer m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-20 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. tactical and operational. SD © SAP AG 2001 Execution In Supply Chain Management. Tactical planning is decisive for operational planning and execution because they form the planning environment in the company (planning personnel. . proc.. The criterion for deciding what belongs to which planning level is not primarily the planning horizon but rather the scope of the planning. Boston Consulting Group portfolios. and at the execution level. This links the operational planning level and the execution level. ERP systems (ERP = Enterprise Resource Planning) are used.. w rp . The planning level is divided into different planning levels depending on the meaning of the decisions made: strategic. logistically-relevant IT system for execution).

administrative activities are also performed at the execution level. Planning for further planning in the future is usually done aggregated objectively or based on time since planning data is uncertain. additional capacity. if you wish to remove this line. additional shifts. receipt. recurring planning based on tactical realization decisions such as strategies for settling sales orders and pre-planning. Operational planning can also be long-term to bridge bottlenecks that will occur in the future. Detailed planning attempts to optimally use the logistic system within the limits set by tactical and aggregated planning and based on the most current data. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. such as early planning for seasonal requirements or planning runs to determine components with longer replenishment times.. when papers for production (production orders) are printed. stock transfer. delivery).com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Execution level: Along with the development of the product (production. sorting. for example. outline agreements with suppliers. These activities are supported by execution systems. for example. which are not questioned again in operational planning..erpdown..c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-21 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. w rp . Aggregated planning also serves to redirect tactical planning if necessary.e w w o d . Operational level (operational aggregated and detailed planning): Structured.

Deployment is used to plan short-term replenishment. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. optimizing and reorganizing the supply chain.to long-term production and procurement planning with simultaneous material planning and capacity scheduling. Supply Network Planning (SNP): Finite. mid. w rp . Global Available-to-Promise (ATP): Rules-based availability check that is integrated with production planning and product allocation. if you wish to remove this line. Longterm sourcing. Planning Sales Transportation Planning & Vehicle Scheduling Planning Detailed Planning Purchasing Scheduling Global Available-to-Promise BUY MAKE STORE © SAP AG 2001 Supply Chain Cockpit: A graphical tool for evaluating and controlling the supply chain. Transportation Planning/Vehicle Scheduling (TP/VS): Optimizes use of transportation vehicles and selection of carriers.APO Planning Components Monitor APO Product Map Network Design Supply Network Planning Production Planning & Detailed Scheduling Distribution Planning & Deployment Supply Chain Cockpit Tactical Agg. cross-location.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . and optimization techniques to generate feasible plans that are in the optimum sequence with the optimum setup-times.e w w o d .c n w MOVE SELL m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-22 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. PP/DS uses simultaneous material planning and capacity scheduling. Demand Planning (DP): aggregated and detailed demand planning with a variety of forecasting techniques based on aggregated sales figures. Production Planning/Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS): Finite. production and distribution decisions are supported here. detailed production planning.erpdown. Generates deliveries and shipments. Network Design: Strategic planning for analyzing.

Network Design Strategic Supply Chain Planning © SAP AG 2001 Network Design is a component used specifically for strategic planning. These methods optimize either geographical distances or costs. taking account of demand and cost structures.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . if you wish to remove this line.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-23 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d . There are four methods available in Network Design for planning the supply chain network. Network Design can also be implemented for regular evaluation of the existing supply chain in order to discover any weaknesses and take any necessary measures. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. as well as to make additional decisions regarding locations (location determination and location selection). You can use this tool to make assignment decisions (relationships between individual locations and assignment of products to locations). w rp .erpdown. in each case taking the demand structures into account.

Here. Existing storage location stock is also included in the planning. If you do this. In Supply Network Planning (SNP) you plan for the short. or automatically in R/3 Demand Management using data from R/3 Flexible Planning. if you wish to remove this line.reqmts Consumption Sales order Supply Network Planning (SNP) Prod.erpdown. Confirmations APO Demand Planning (DP) Planned ind. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Schedlng (TP/VS) Planned delivery Delivery Planned shipment / Shipment . © SAP AG AP010 Preface-24 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. In Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling however. sales orders are entered in the R/3 system (sales module) but the availability check (or ATP check .e w w o d Transp. Plng & Veh.Available to Promise) is done in APO. If you are not yet using APO Demand Planning. Sales orders then consume the planned independent requirements in APO depending on the APO "requirements strategy".com 全面的ERP资源下载 . it is also possible to generate planned independent requirements in the R/3 system (either manually in R/3 Demand Management. you usually generate planned orders and purchase requisitions directly in the production plant for the short term horizon. the planned independent requirements are transferred to APO through the R/3 APO interface (CIF).APO Planning Sequence with R/3 Integration R/3 or non-SAP system Flexible Planning Demand Planned ind. Sales and Operation Planning (R/3 SOP).reqmts management Sales & Sales order Distribution (SD) Production Planning (PP) Release.or mid-term horizon for the entire supply chain: you generate stock transport requisitions (for planning and stock transfer) between distribution centers and plants. or Sales and Profit Planning (R/3 CO/PA). w rp .c n w m o Deploy -ment Sales orders and planned independent requirements form the starting point for both Supply Network Planning (SNP) and Production Planning / Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS) in APO. In APO Demand Planning you generate planned independent requirements (release forecast to APO Demand Planning) that are used for make-to-stock planning. Schedlng (PP/DS) Planned order Conversion Production order Purchase requisition Purchase order Stock transport requisition Stock transport order Planned order Production order Purchase requisition Purchase order Stock transport requisition Purchasing (MM) Logistics Execution System (LES) Delivery Transfer order Execution © SAP AG 2001 In APO Demand Planning (DP) you base forecasts on aggregated historical data from the R/3 or Business Information Warehouse (BW) system (such as sales quantities from past sales orders). Plng & Det. and can also generate planned orders (for in-house production planning) and purchase requisitions (for external procurement planning) directly in the production plant for the longer term horizon. You use the "Administrator Workbench" in APO to upload aggregated historical data from the R/3 or BW system.

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In APO TP/VS different deliveries can also be grouped together into one shipment.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Transaction data generated in APO (such as planned orders) is transferred to the R/3 system through the R/3 APO interface (CIF: Core Interface). APO is a planning tool: execution functions such as release. if you wish to remove this line.. You create planned deliveries in Transportation Planning and Vehicle Scheduling (TP/VS). you only need to do this if Production Planning is being done in the R/3 system rather than in APO). It is however possible to automatically transfer planned independent requirements that have been maintained in R/3.. You use the APO Deployment /TLB (Transport Load Builder) to convert stock transport requisitions into stock transport orders. or goods movement for production orders or purchase orders are performed in the R/3 system. Confirmation and other data is then transferred back to APO from the R/3 system. The APO demand plan is only transferred from APO to the R/3 system as planned independent requirements through mass processing from within APO Demand Planning (however. to APO through the CIF. the stock planner or buyer can collectively convert planned orders into production orders and purchase requisitions into purchase orders. w rp .. The R/3 system then actions the above (such as printing documents and managing status).c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-26 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.erpdown. material staging. It is then possible to convert planned deliveries and planned shipments into real deliveries and shipments and transfer them to the R/3. As soon as planned orders and purchase requisitions get closer to the today-line. confirmation.e w w o d . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.e w w o d .The Demand Planning Lever Effect Demand Planning Supply Network Planning Production Planning © SAP AG 2001 Small changes made during Demand Planning cause large changes to be made during Production Planning.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-27 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. The aim of Demand Planning therefore is to create sales quantity forecasts that are as accurate as possible.erpdown. w rp . if you wish to remove this line.

. and flexible tool that supports your company's demand planning process. and forecast results. w rp .erpdown. if you wish to remove this line. User-specific planning layouts and interactive planning books not only allow you to include different departments. The seamless integration with APO Supply Network Planning supports an efficient Sales and Operations Planning (S&OP) process. detailed and consolidated plans Statistical and causal forecasting techniques Lifecycle planning Promotion planning l l Production units © SAP AG 2001 Demand Planning is a complex. based on many different causal factors. You can use forecast overrides and promotions to add marketing intelligence and management adjustments.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . .Test predefined. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. With APO Demand Planning you can use statistical forecasting methods and advanced macro techniques to do the following: .e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-28 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. and user-defined forecast models. you can also use them to include other companies in the forecast creation process. powerful.Create forecasts from sales history.Functions of Demand Planning l l l Retail outlet Suppliers Distribution centers Cross-company Demand Planning (internet) Consistent.And use a consensusbased approach to consolidate the demand plans of different departments.

and legacy systems.e w w o d .Demand Planning Concept Location Product hierarchy Sold-to party Sales organization Region Aggregated actual data Future demand forecast l Incoming order value Quantities Values BW R/3 Excel Non-SAP system l l l Statistical forecasting Collaborative forecasting Promotions l Invoice Quantities Values l … © SAP AG 2001 The APO DP library of statistical forecasting and advanced macro techniques allows you to create forecasts based on sales history as well as any number of causal factors. Aggregated actual data can be extracted from the R/3 system in exactly the same way as it can be imported from BW. Excel. if you wish to remove this line.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-29 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . and use a consensus-based approach to consolidate the results.erpdown. Marketing intelligence and management adjustments can be added by using forecast overrides and promotions. w rp .

com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-30 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line.Collaborative Planning in APO Collaboration with Suppliers Collaboration with Customers Supplier l l l l Manufacturer Product requirements Production dates Procurement Delivery dates l l l l Customer Demand plans Promotions Stock levels Delivery dates Supply Chain Optimization High efficiency. precise information and short lead times to improve delivery of service © SAP AG 2001 w rp .erpdown.e w w o d .

c n w Grid 2 Title W 24 W 25 Key Figure 1 Key Figure 2 Key Figure 3 Key Figure 4 Key Figure 5 Key Figure 5 W 26 m o W 27 W 28 © SAP AG AP010 Preface-31 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. The SNP BOM contains critical products that are produced on bottleneck resources and products with a long replenishment lead time.to long-term horizon.Product Capacity Leveling W 26 Tota l W 27 W 28 Selection Profile User Selection ID © SAP AG 2001 SNP Planning plans the mid.erpdown. It creates a rough quantity-based. cross-location production and distribution plan with individual rough bills of material (BOM) and routings. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Product Supply Network Planning ID Object Object 1 Object 2 Object 3 Object 4 Text Text 1 Text 2 Text 3 Text 4 Des Gra ign ph Grid Title Key Figure 1 Key Figure 2 Key Figure 3 Key Figure 4 Tota l W 24 W 25 APO . if you wish to remove this line.e w w o d Planning Book . w rp . The smallest unit used for scheduling is days.Supply Network Planning (SNP) Screen Title APO . SNP ensures that the right quantity is available on the right day without critical resources being overloaded.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .

Supply Network Planning Scenario Demand Plan Supplier Plant DC Customer l l l l SNP plans the material flow along the supply chain Mid.erpdown. supply optimization © SAP AG 2001 The role of Supply Network Planning involves: Ÿ Planning supply to meet demand Ÿ Integrating purchasing. cross-plant planning Result: Feasible plans Prioritization of demands. production.to long-term. and distribution in one consistent model in the entire supply network Ÿ Synchronizing activities and planning material flow along the supply chain w rp . finite.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-32 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. if you wish to remove this line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

and improved customer service.and Short-Term Planning Sales orders Forecasts Sales orders Forecasts Production Planning/Detailed Scheduling l l l Supply Network Planning l l l PP/DS planned orders Purchase requisitions Stock transfers SNP planned orders Purchase requisitions Stock transfers l l l l l PP/DS BOM and routing Finite. to plan product flow along the supply chain.erpdown. Pegging is the link between receipts and issues along the supply chain.e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line. detailed planning per location Sequences and setup times Continuous and order-related Pegging l l l l l SNP BOM and routing Cross-plant finite planning Distribution and procurement Quantity and bucket-oriented No pegging © SAP AG 2001 Production horizon SNP integrates purchasing. manufacturing. reduced order fulfillment times and inventory levels. distribution. production. and transportation so that comprehensive tactical planning and sourcing decisions can be simulated and implemented on the basis of a single. all dependent orders can be adjusted automatically. When an order is shifted.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . SNP uses advanced optimization techniques.c n w m o Time © SAP AG AP010 Preface-33 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. global consistent model. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. The result is optimal purchasing. w rp . and distribution decisions.Comparison of Mid. based on constraints and penalties.

does schedule orders to-the-minute (meaning that shifts and breaks are included here). It is irrelevant here whether a requirement falls within an early or a late shift. as requirements are only planned roughly here . and does include order sequences (sequencing and optimization of sequences). if you wish to remove this line. but instead in the production planning run of PP/DS.it does not include break times either.to long-term planning over the entire supply chain (in particular when there are several plants and distribution centers). Ÿ In Supply Network Planning (SNP) demands are aggregated for a specified bucket ("day" for example). Cross-plant planning. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. In the short-term horizon. The sequence of orders is not an SNP time consideration. it is no longer planned in the SNP planning run.erpdown.e w w o d . As soon as a requirement (such as a sales order or planned independent requirement) falls within a specific horizon.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-34 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS) is usually used for to-the-minute short-term planning in a production plant. Ÿ Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling however.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . and mid. these functions are highly important for the production plant.Production Planning / Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS) Production Planning/ Detailed Scheduling © SAP AG 2001 Where Supply Network Planning (SNP) is usually used for rough mid. w rp .to long-term planning in the production plant however do all play an important role in Supply Network Planning.

Execution functions such as confirmations and goods receipts are performed in the execution system (for example. Therefore. Order operations are only created at these resources if there is sufficient capacity for the order quantity on the corresponding date. Therefore. PP/DS is a planning tool. lead times) Customer l Resource 2 Resource 1 Resource 3 l l Resource 3 Resource 2 Resource 1 © SAP AG 2001 30 20 10 l Transfers the planning results to an execution system (such as the R/3 Shop Floor Control) Time Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS) is used mainly for short-term to-the-minute planning (both for in-house production and external procurement) in the production plant. the setup times in the new order can be determined automatically from the setup status of the resources (depending on the preceding order). it is possible for orders to be generated that do not have an optimum order sequence. R/3).c n w m o Ÿ Takes order sequences into account: when new in-house production orders are created. PP/DS has the following functions: Ÿ It generates planned orders (to plan in-house production). © SAP AG AP010 Preface-35 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Ÿ It is possible to display the orders in graphic format (in the detailed scheduling planning board). Ÿ Machine scheduling optimization: during planning. if you wish to remove this line. and to sequence from there. external procurement.Functions of Production Planning / Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS) l Plans production. and purchase requisitions or scheduling agreement schedule lines (to plan external procurement) in the event of product shortage. and stock transfer within the production plant to-theminute Plans simultaneous material requirements and schedules finite capacity at operation level for the short-term horizon Takes order sequences into account Optimizes machine schedules (sequences. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. the planning results are transferred to the execution system.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d .erpdown. the system searches for a date on which the order operation can be carried out. Alternatively you can use the optimizer to execute a sequencing. w rp . you can change the sequence and resource assignments of existing orders using the optimization run. taking account of the capacity situation. When there is no available capacity. PP/DS schedules and plans all operations of an order that are relevant for planning at the different resources. It uses simultaneous material and capacity requirements planning to do this: You can define resources as “finite” resources (planning-critical resources) in the resource master.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-36 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. such as transportation and storage capabilities. A variety of deployment strategies are used depending on the current situation (e. fair share. It generates optimized replenishment plans that take into account short-term changes on the supply or demand side. and vendor-managed inventory (VMI) accounts.erpdown..g. if you wish to remove this line. l Fair Share Proportional distribution Proportional target fulfillment Quota arrangements Calgary Winnipeg DC1 l Push deployment Push horizon Plant Customer DC2 Chicago © SAP AG 2001 The deployment function in SNP determines how and when inventory and planned supplies should be deployed to distribution centers. customers. push deployment. as well as constraints. w rp .Deployment Deployment adjusts the stock transfers for short-term changes on both the supply and demand side (distribution detailed planning).e w w o d . pull-push deployment).com 全面的ERP资源下载 .

SNP.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-37 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. LES. and BW provide an integrated solution for transportation management within the Supply Chain © SAP AG 2001 The TP/VS component has the following functions: Ÿ Transportation planning and transportation consolidation Ÿ Transportation mode and carrier selection Ÿ Multi-pick up and multi-drop functions Ÿ Management by exception Ÿ Vehicle Scheduling and route determination in a dynamic environment The APO system includes the tactical and operational planning area from the SAP Transport Management solution. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . and ATP l Evaluates the planning in BW l Plans for both short. w rp .e w w o d .Transportation Management APO TP/VS (Planning) l Is integrated with the APO components DP. if you wish to remove this line.erpdown. PP/DS. and long term horizons BW (Monitoring) LES (Execution) TP/VS. which is complemented for transportation execution by the SAP component from Logistics Execution Systems (LES).

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-38 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . the sales order directly triggers production. APO creates a planned order for the required quantity in PP/DS. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. and on the required date? l l l Event-driven Internet capabilities Rules-based ATP: Location substitution Product substitution l Rules Integration with PP/DS Product allocations High performance (time series) l l © SAP AG 2001 You use Global ATP (Available To Promise) to check product availability and capacities. the system first checks if there is enough of the requested product in stock. or non-SAP system) as an event (eventdriven). so that each customer only receives an allocated amount. This improves performance of the ATP check. The system can also check if receipts (for example. which can be used to evaluate the incoming requests from the sales orders. to provide customers with reliable confirmation dates for their sales orders. Ÿ Time series: Planned orders and production orders are aggregated and represented in a time series. for example. production orders and planned orders) have already been planned by the requested date. ATP checks are triggered from the OLTP system (R/3 system. Global ATP has the following functions: Ÿ Rules-based ATP: When there is no availability. If you create a sales order in R/3. if you wish to remove this line. Ÿ Integration with PP/DS: It is also possible to set it so that when a product is not available. w rp .Global Available-to-Promise (Global ATP) Is it possible to deliver the product in the required quantity.erpdown.e w w o d . In the interface with APO you can specify that the ATP check is to be done in APO and not R/3. If it triggers an order for in-house production. Ÿ Product allocations: Product allocation allows you to manage the supply of scarce products to customers. it is possible in APO to set it so that the system does an ATP check for the product at another location or else substitutes that product for an alternative one (location and product substitution).

This allows the optimization system to find a suitable solution faster. Approximate optimization procedures are therefore more suited to be used in PP/DS (genetic algorithm/constraint-based programming). there are usually more complex optimization problems for which no "exact solutions" can be found. The different optimizers can be installed on the same server on which the APO application. linear programming is used for optimization in Supply Network Planning. For this reason.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-39 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . the following optimizers are available: optimizer for CTM. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. optimization problems are usually of the nature that they can be solved with an "exact mathematical solution procedure" (which can be solved using linear equations).e w w o d . optimizer for PP/DS. w rp . optimizer for Sequence Planning. solutions are more able to approximate an "optimum or exact solution". The APO application server and the optimizer are linked via a TCP/IP connection. the liveCache. In Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS) however. Here you specify whether the optimizer is to be called on the APO application server or on a different server (transaction sm59). linear programming is less suited for PP/DS. optimizer for Transportation Planning. Therefore.Optimization Solutions APO optimization solutions A complete range of optimization solutions adjusted to the planning tasks Linear programming / mixed / whole number programming Genetic algorithm constraint-based programming Supply Network Design + Planning Production Planning/ Detailed Scheduling Tab. optimizer for Supply Network Planning. Instead. optimizer for Network Design. if you wish to remove this line. and the database are all installed (but you can also install them on different servers). In Supply Network Planning. Linear programming is able to calculate an "exact solution".erpdown. search Transportation planning © SAP AG 2001 In APO.

e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-40 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .APO Overview: Unit Summary You are now able to l l l l Explain the concepts of Supply Chain Management List the advantages of APO Summarize the functions of the planning applications in APO Explain the interplay of the individual planning applications © SAP AG 2001 w rp . if you wish to remove this line.erpdown.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line.erpdown.e w w o d .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .APO Integration and Technology Contents: l l l liveCache Technology Integration of the Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) System and APO Pegging © SAP AG 2001 w rp .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-41 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown. if you wish to remove this line.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-42 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. you will be able to l l l Describe the advantages of liveCache Technology Outline the data exchange between R/3 (or other OLTP systems) and APO Explain the pegging tasks. © SAP AG 2001 w rp .Unit Objectives At the conclusion of this unit.e w w o d .

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-43 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d .erpdown. if you wish to remove this line.Overview Diagram (1) 1 Course Overview 2 2 Integration and Technology 2 3 Modelling and Evaluation in APO 4 Demand Planning 5 Supply Network Planning 6 Scheduling Production Planning/Detailed 7 Transportation 9 Conclusion 8 Global Available-to-Promise Planning/Vehicle Scheduling © SAP AG 2001 w rp .

where order data is exchanged in real-time. simultaneous material and finite capacity planning.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-44 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . l © SAP AG 2001 w rp .erpdown. if you wish to remove this line. The Core Interface (CIF) provides a close integration of the systems. Pump Precision uses the R/3 as an execution system and APO for planning.Business Scenario l With high performance and pegging procedures. the liveCache technology allows quick.

The seamless integration with Supply Network Planning (SNP). The demand plan is created as a result of the forecast.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-45 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. and Legacy systems. You release the demand plan to Production Planning.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . BW (Business Information Warehouse). FI Planned Indep. You can also transfer the demand plan to the operating system (OLTP) as planned independent requirements. Requirements Customer orders Production Scheduling Inventory management Transportation processing Global ATP APO APO Supply Chain Cockpit Demand Planning Information Information Warehouse Warehouse (SAP BW) (SAP BW) Historical data PP / DS Supply Network Planning Deployment Key Performance Key figures (KPIs) Transportation Planning © SAP AG 2001 Aggregated actual data can be transferred to APO from OLTP. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.APO Application Architecture OLTP (R/3) OLTP (R/3) LIS. and PP/DS supports an efficient S&OP process. if you wish to remove this line. w rp . This data is the basis for forecasting. Excel. and PP/DS.e w w o d . CO-PA HR.erpdown. and saved in InfoCubes. which creates planned independent requirements for Supply Network Planning (SNP).

e w w o d . Ÿ Scalability via a number of processors. Display of complex data structures (nets. because of an interlaced architecture. Ÿ Higher performance (performance-critical routines run the stored operations and problem-specific data modeling is therefore supported in the same address space as it is in data management.erpdown. The typical liveCache data structure is NOT a relational data table. Ÿ Scalability of the liveCache. Fast data recovery. Applications run where the data is stored Further advantages for the user: w rp . Simultaneous access is possible (read & write).com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Higher data security in a simple C program that saves all data. Easy node access (grid access points. data will not be lost. Little navigation needed within the networks. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. navigation).c n w m o Ÿ "Shared data" for application and the application server (independent of the R/3 OLTP database). trees). if you wish to remove this line. This is more efficient than relational data modeling). In case of a program termination (downtime).What is liveCache ? l Main objective = higher performance: Performance-critical routines (in C++) are running in address space of the liveCache management system => no heavy data transfer between application and data storage Application > 1 ms Application < 10 Data Storage liveCache liveCache Data Storage © SAP AG 2001 Access to data in the liveCache is approximately 100 times faster than it is in a database (10 microseconds as opposed to one millisecond). © SAP AG AP010 Preface-46 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.

IN : var2) endexec. if you wish to remove this line. During the first liveCache upload (bring up). buffered data Hold all application data in memory Save large datasets l Optimized data structures Support application-specific data structures (e. w rp . mass data (master data and transaction data) from the connected R/3 and legacy system(s) is either sent to the APO System. Some of the data is then also sent to the liveCache. IN : table1. if the OLTP system is an R/3 System.liveCache Technology l Avoid disk I/O through shared.erpdown. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. From here.c n w liveCache Optimized data structures m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-47 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Execute procedure "Schedule_order" (OUT : var1.e w w o d . Changes from an OLTP are transmitted into APO in real-time and therefore into liveCache. reduced (filter) or transformed into an APO presentation.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . The APO server presents changes to be sent back from APO or liveCache into an OLTP system. store BOM as a tree rather than a relational table) l Built-in business functionality Run application logic where the data is stored Aggregate OLTP database information in main memory Application Server ABAP-Application Program exec sql. the OLTP system collects the relevant changes in regular intervals. in a special data structure (black board). In case of non-R/3 Systems there is only one periodic upload of the changes.g. Optimized method coding Schedule_order © SAP AG 2001 A liveCache management system is in a non-ABAP environment.

Plug-ins supply the components with transaction and master data.com component (for example.e w w o d . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Only the object data relevant for the individual planning and optimization process in APO is transferred from the complex data records into R/3.R/3 Plug-In Technology BBP CRM BW SEM R/3 (from Release 3. In this way.1I) R/3 Plug-in CIF APO Information on R/3 Plug-in: SAPNet/R/3 Plug-in © SAP AG 2001 An R/3 interface is marked with an R/3 Plug-in to make it possible to integrate a mySAP. APO CIF does not only provide the SAP APO System with initial data records (initial supply).1I (for the PM/SM area and production process models.com components can be inserted at the same time. APO or BW) with one or several R/3 Systems. several mySAP. w rp .5B).erpdown. The CIF is the central interface for connecting APO to the existing R/3 System environment. if you wish to remove this line. With R/3 Plug-ins. The data transfer between R/3 and APO Systems is defined and controlled using the APO Core Interface (CIF).com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Most Plug-ins concern add-ons (R/3 standard software enhancements with additional functions).c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-48 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. The integration between R/3 and APO is possible as of R/3 release 3. integration is possible as of 4. it also guarantees a step-by-step supply with all the relevant data changes.

erpdown. if you wish to remove this line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.e w w o d .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w Plant 3 m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-49 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.Global APO Server APO Company A Plant 1 APO Company B liveCache Plant 2 Company C © SAP AG 2001 A multi-system environment is possible Different layouts of enterprises and plants are possible w rp .

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-50 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.e w w o d .APO Integration (2) SAP R/3 SD HR LO NonNonR/3 System R/3 System BAPI BAPI (Core Interface) CIF BAPIs SAP APO BAPI SAP APO © SAP AG 2001 The APO Core Interface (CIF) is responsible for the data exchange between APO and R/3 Systems.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . The APO Core Interface is a real-time interface. if you wish to remove this line.erpdown. Technical integration of SAP APO with: Ÿ an R/3 environment where Core Interfaces are used Ÿ a non-R/3 environment where the official standard of Business Application Programming Interfaces (BAPIs) is used. The outbound delivery from APO CIF takes place as an R/3 Plug-in. w rp . The APO Core Interface guarantees both the initial data transfer (initial transfer) and also the transfer of data changes within APO. Only the data objects needed in the data structures in APO for the different planning and optimization processes are transferred from the complex dataset of the R/3 into APO. linking APO with one or several R/3 Systems.

Customer. if you wish to remove this line.. The transfer of master data from the R/3 is displayed in the corresponding master data in APO. The transaction data relevant for planning. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.c n w Location Product Resource Production process model m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-51 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . The R/3 remains the execution system for the master data. Only the master data relevant for planning in APO is transferred (firstly in the form of an initial transfer.erpdown.. Only the settings which cannot be transferred from the R/3 are maintained directly in APO.APO Integration (3) R/3 Sales order Planned order Production order Order . such as warehouse stock and sales or production orders is also transferred from the R/3 into APO via the CIF interface. This integration of transaction data takes place in real-time. but can also be created manually... And vice versa. w rp .e w w o d . the results of the planning in APO are returned to the R/3 via CIF and executed there.. APO CIF Real-time CIF Order live Cache • Production • Procurement • Replenishment Plant. Material master Capacity Routing and bill of material © SAP AG 2001 The planning in APO is based on its own master data that is usually transferred automatically from a R/3 System. and then later as transfers of data changes).

Both the initial data transfer (initial transfer) and the transfer of data changes within APO take place via the APO Core Interface.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-52 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Only specific APO master data that does not exist in R/3 is maintained directly in APO.Master Data Objects of the CIF Initial transfer R/3 R/3 master data Plant Customer Vendor Material master Capacity Routing and bill of material APO APO master data Location Product Resource Production process model © SAP AG 2001 Incremental data transfer The APO Core Interface concerns a real-time interface. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Only the data objects needed in the data structures reconciled in the planning in APO for the particular planning and optimization processes are transferred from the complex dataset in R/3 into APO. For the master data transfer it is in fact the relevant R/3 master data that is mapped onto the corresponding planning master data in APO.erpdown. w rp . The R/3 System remains the dominant system for the master data.e w w o d . The master data objects in APO are not identical with those in R/3. if you wish to remove this line.

Transaction Data Objects of the CIF

R/3
R/3 transaction data
Orders Purchase requisitions Sales orders Planned orders Planned ind. reqmts Reservations Supplies ...

APO
Initial data transfer
APO transaction data
Order with category BF (PchOrd) AG (PurRqs) BM (SalesOrder) AI (PlOrd.) FA (FC req.) AM (PrdRes) CC (Stock) ...

Change transfer Realtime

© SAP AG 2001

The initial data transfer of transaction data takes place first, via the APO Core Interface. The change transfer between R/3 and APO usually automatically follows for transaction data objects that belong to an active integration model. New transaction data or changes to existing transaction data is automatically transferred. (For transaction data of the APO component SNP, you can define in Customizing whether a real-time or periodic publication is to be performed.) The transaction data objects in APO are not identical to those in R/3. All transaction data in R/3 is transferred to APO as orders that can be distinguished by ATP category. In the standard system, planned independent requirements can only be transferred from the R/3 into APO. The retransfer of the planned independent requirements that you may require if you only perform Demand Planning in APO, must be triggered from Demand Planning in APO with a specific transaction. For planned orders and purchase requisitions, you can specify in APO that they are only transferred from APO to the R/3 System if the conversion indicator has been set.

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Transfer of Data to APO

1. Generate integration model
Determine name and APO target system Select master and transaction data

Name Target system Sales orders Production orders Storage location stock

...

2. Activate integration model
Integration model is active
Start

Data is transferred for the first time, a continuous real-time incremental transfer of transaction data follows

© SAP AG 2001

You define the integration model that controls the transfer of master and transaction data in the R/3 System. You can find the menu option Core Interface Advanced Planner and Optimizer (the CIF menu) under Logistics -> Central Functions -> Supply Chain Planning Interface. The integration model distinguishes between master data and transaction data. We recommend selecting these two types of data in separate integration models and then also transferring them separately. In the integration model, you select the master and transaction data you want to transfer. You specify the following in the integration model: Ÿ The APO target system for the data transfer Ÿ The data objects you want to transfer You can delete integration models that you no longer need. Note that you must first deactivate these integration models. For any transaction data that is contained in an active integration model, a continuous real-time incremental data transfer is performed between the R/3 System and APO.

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liveCache Integration with R/3

BW extractors

DP

Forecast

liveCache

APO
Planned indep. requirement

Sales order

Storage location stock Intransit receipts Purchase requisition Order

Purchase requisition Stock transfer

Planned order Production order

CIF

SD

MM

© SAP AG 2001

The historical data from Demand Planning (DP) is transferred into APO with the help of the extractors from the Business Information Warehouse (BW). You can release the Demand Planning forecast to the liveCache and therefore create planned independent requirements. Alternatively, you can transfer planned independent requirements from the execution system. The orders, supplies and planned independent requirements of the execution systems are transferred via the CIF interface into APO. The planning results of APO, the purchase requisitions, stock transport requisitions, stock transport orders and planned independent requirements, are also distributed via the CIF interface into the execution systems. Planned orders can also create direct production orders in the OLTP system.

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APO - OLTP Integration

APO
Demand Planning (DP)

OLTP
Planned independent requirements Planned orders Purchase requisitions Stock transport requisitions Planned orders Production orders Purchase requisitions Stock transport requisitions

Supply Network Planning (SNP)

Production Planning (PP)

Detailed Scheduling (DS)

Deployment

Transport Load Builder (TLB)
© SAP AG 2001

This slide shows the exchange of movement data between APO and the connected OLTP systems. You can transfer the results of Demand Planning as planned independent requirements to the OLTP systems, similar to the transfer from Flexible Planning or Sales and Operations Planning (R/3) to demand management. You can transfer the SNP planning results as planned orders, purchase requisitions and stock transport requisitions to the OLTP system. You can also transfer the PP/DS planning results as planned orders, purchase requisitions and stock transport requisitions to the OLTP system. If you convert SNP planned orders into PP/DS planned orders, the planned orders are adjusted in the OLTP system. You can only transfer planned orders as production orders to the OLTP system from PP/DS. Deployment and the TLB confirm the OLTP stock transport requisitions and can convert them into stock transport orders or VMI sales orders. Via Customizing -> APO -> Supply Chain Planning -> Supply Network Planning (SNP) -> Basic Settings -> Configure Transfer to OLTP Systems you can configure how transfer should take place.

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stock transfers. purchase requisitions. when a product receipt or issue takes place. Ÿ Static Pegging: All relationships are fixed. The material flow between requirements. Only the user or an external program can change these relationships.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . if you wish to remove this line.c n w APO offers fixed and dynamic pegging m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-57 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. planned orders and storage location stock is therefore defined in the system. Pegging allows the bi-directional planning of components to the end product and of the end product to the components. There are two types of pegging: Ÿ Dynamic Pegging: The pegging relationship is re-calculated each time.Pegging l Demand The pegging network assigns receipts to requirements 50 Output node 50 30 50 20 propagates the requirements through the BOM is cross-location Input node finds unassigned order quantities 80 20 Order Pegging l © SAP AG 2001 Pegging describes the assignment of quotation and requirement. with regard to quantity and date changes. w rp .erpdown.e w w o d . It links each input node from requirements or receipts with output nodes from receipts. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

Supply Chain Pegging Sales order 10 10 30 20 20 100 10 10 40 40 50 60 (-10) Transfer order 30 30 50 20 50 50 50 100 30 (+20) Shortage Surplus Production order 50 50 80 30 80 20 (+10) 50 50 50 Order © SAP AG 2001 w rp . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line.e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-58 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-59 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d .erpdown.Conclusion You are now able to l l l Describe the advantages of liveCache Technology Outline the data exchange between R/3 (or other OLTP systems) and APO Explain the pegging tasks. © SAP AG 2001 w rp . if you wish to remove this line.

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-60 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.Modelling and Evaluation in APO Contents: l l l l l Models and version in APO Supply Chain Cockpit Supply Chain Engineer Alert Monitor Evaluations using the BW explorer © SAP AG 2001 w rp . if you wish to remove this line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d .

if you wish to remove this line.e w w o d . you will be able to l l l l l Explain the functions of models and versions in APO Describe the modelling of the Supply Chain network Analyze master and transactional data in the Supply Chain Cockpit Call alerts from the Supply Chain Cockpit Evaluate aggregated historical data © SAP AG 2001 w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-61 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.erpdown.Unit Objectives At the conclusion of this unit.

erpdown.e w w o d .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line.Course Overview Diagram 1 Course Overview 2 Integration and Technology Modelling and Evaluation 3 in APO 3 4 Demand Planning 5 Supply Network Planning 3 7 Transportation Scheduling Planning/Vehicle 8 Global Available-to-Promise 6 Scheduling Production Planning/Detailed 9 Conclusion © SAP AG 2001 w rp .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-62 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.

l l © SAP AG 2001 w rp . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Precision Pump company uses KPIs to analyze the performance of its supply chain. every planner can find his current planning problems and exception messages.e w w o d .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) provide benchmarks for defining the goals of the company.Business Scenario l Precision Pump company uses the Supply Chain Cockpit for multi-site analysis and documentation of planning results. After each planning cycle. In the Alert Monitor. if you wish to remove this line.erpdown.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-63 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.

com 全面的ERP资源下载 . transportation lanes and production process models (PPMs). The active planning version is 000. In APO it is possible to create and maintain different versions of a model for simulation purposes. resources. each with different versions for simulation purposes. There is only one active model (000) with an active version.Models and Planning Versions Legacy R/3 OLTP Master Data APO Master Data (model independent) Active Model 1Model PPMs Products Locations Transportation lanes Simulation Models Active Version 000 version dependent master data and movement data © SAP AG 2001 Planning Version 1 version dependent master data and movement data The network model represents the supply chain and consists of individual nodes and relationships. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. w rp . You also have the option of creating several models. Master data like locations. It is modeled in the Supply Chain Engineer and contains details like locations. The model covers the entire supply chain network.e w w o d . products. resources and plans that are transferred from OLTP systems are automatically assigned to model 000. All APO planning functions are based on the supply chain model. products. You must assign master data that you create in APO explicitly to the model. if you wish to remove this line.c n w Planning Version n version dependent master data and movement data m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-64 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.erpdown.

You can use this component to create or change supply chain network models. It covers all areas of the network chain.c n w Evaluation of the Exception Messages m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-65 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. The relevant data objects are imported here from the source system to APO. such as by indvidual region or product line. The Supply Chain Engineer is a fully integrated APO component used for creating models. each with different versions for simulation purposes.APO Maintenance and Analysis Tools Engineer Cockpit Alert Monitor Information Warning Error Ignore Modeling the Network © SAP AG 2001 Analysis of the Planning Situation The Supply Chain Engineer enables you to maintain the model of your supply chain. The model is the basis for all APO planning functions. A model can have different planning versions. w rp .e w w o d . The Supply Chain Cockpit allows planners to make an integrated analysis of transactional data in the supply chain.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . The Alert Monitor gathers messages regarding problems within your plan. The network model represents a supply chain and consists of individual node points and links. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line. You also have the option of creating several models.erpdown. from the supplier's supplier to the customer's customer. It also allows data to be broken down into planner-specific subsets.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. The transportation lanes in your work area are defined using the model in which you are working.e w w o d . DC. production. In the work area of the supply chain you can select: Ÿ Locations (plant. The work area is used exclusively as a filter for displaying objects in the Cockpit and Engineer. processing. customer) Ÿ Products Ÿ PPMs (production process models) Ÿ Resources.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-66 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. The pre-defined work area is the basis for the queries which you can use to gain information about all aspects of your supply chain from the APO system.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . if you wish to remove this line. supplier.erpdown. storage. transportation w rp .Work Areas Access to frequently used objects l l l Used for queries Serve as filters Configured for users © SAP AG 2001 The complete supply chain view can be unclear. You can limit the view to the objects on which you want to concentrate when you are defining work areas.

a location can represent a distribution center.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .Objects in the Supply Chain Network l Locations Supplier Plant DC Customer Transport. resources and PPMs (production process models) are assigned to the locations. manufacturing plant. Ÿ You can map production. storage. Product master records. Carriers and stock transfer points are only used in transportation planning. w rp .erpdown. if you wish to remove this line. for example. MRP areas. a carrier. for example. SNP and PP/DS PPMs (production process models) are available to allow you to define BOMs and routings. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. A transportation zone can be used to group together customers. Ÿ DP. supplier location. transportation zones. The transportation zone is used in the TLB and in transportation planning.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-67 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. An MRP area is planned in SNP like a production plant. a customer. You map your supply chain via locations and transportation lanes. transportation and handling capacities via resources. MRP Stock transfer Carrier zone area point l Transportation lanes © SAP AG 2001 In APO. The material flow between locations is modeled via transportation lanes.e w w o d . in the form of a location hierarchy.

PPM and lane data Ÿ Keep track of alert situations The three main business tools available from the Supply Chain Cockpit include: Ÿ Queries that facilitate the planning function Ÿ Key Performance Indicators that provide feedback on actual performance Ÿ The Alert Monitor that provides notification of exception messages w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d Application toolbar Application toolbar .erpdown. if you wish to remove this line. product. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Supply Chain Cockpit Navigation Work Work areas areas Cockpit controls Cockpit controls Overview map Overview map Planning Planning objects objects Network map Network map Control panel Control panel © SAP AG 2001 Alert Alert monitoring monitoring Use this navigational component of the Supply Chain Cockpit to: Ÿ Retain a complete overview of your supply chain model Ÿ Retrieve information from the APO system through queries Ÿ Measure performance with KPIs (Key Performance Indicators) Ÿ Display location. resource.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-68 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.

Demand Planning © SAP AG 2001 Queries facilitate the planning function.Capacity load Alert Monitor APO Applications .Stock .Information Retrieval Fixed Network Information .Demand .c n w • • • • • APO Master Data Products Resources Locations Transportation lanes Production process model m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-69 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.Service level .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .Transportation network .e w w o d .Supply chain costs Planning Results .Production . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Transportation .erpdown.ATP .Supply Network Planning . if you wish to remove this line.Production network Business Information Warehouse • Key Performance Indicators . w rp .Production Planning . Key Performance Indicators provide feedback on actual performance.

you would again launch a KPI query to check your progress. measured.e w w o d . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. a KPI could tell you what percentage of your products were damaged during production. After implementing the steps necessary to reach the goal.erpdown. and transformed into physical or financial information that can be used to compare results and thus measure performance. w rp . you could set a goal to reduce the percentage of damaged goods by 5%.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-70 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Based on that information. Data pertaining to the various planning and execution processes such as demand planning or product planning is collected. For example.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . if you wish to remove this line.Purpose of Key Performance Indicators What was the total profit made from Gel 250 delivered to customer X from DC Milan? © SAP AG 2001 The APO key performance indicators (KPIs) express abstract supply chain objectives in financial or physical units for comparative purposes.

in the Business Information Warehouse and to assign them to the Supply Chain Cockpit.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-71 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. if you wish to remove this line.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.erpdown.Standard KPIs (Selection) l Planning l Order quantities/values l Days' supply l Stock levels l Material consumption l Resource load l Purchasing l Purchase order quantities l Delivery time l Service level l Vendor evaluation l Days' supply l Production l Lead times l Date variances l Scrap l Delays l Service l Credit memos l Deliveries l Returns l Billing documents © SAP AG 2001 The slide shows some of the standard KPIs provided by SAP.e w w o d .tailor-made to your company . you have the option to define specific KPIs . w rp . In addition.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Performance measurement is a way to determine if your business has improved or not.Key Performance Indicators 0. Measure performance using KPIs © SAP AG 2001 The graphic above depicts the three steps to improving supply chain performance using APO KPIs: Ÿ Plan and optimize in APO Ÿ Benchmark in BW Ÿ Execute decisions in an execution system (R/3) The KPI function allows you to track and measure your supply chain performance by retrieving information stored in the Business Information Warehouse (BW) pertaining to your business. analysis and a thorough knowledge of the supply chain. Identify gaps and improve 1. Execute m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-72 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.doc. Identify key performance indicators (KPIs) Measure performance using KPIs 5. refer to the SCC1_E. For more information on measuring supply chain performance.e w w o d . APO: Plan & Optimize 4. Compare results of KPIs 3. Appendix 1: The SCOR Model.c n w 2. The use of metrics to measure performance is a complex business process that requires careful planning. if you wish to remove this line. w rp .

e w w o d . while the dynamic alerts reflect the current planning situation.erpdown. backlog.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . when the resource is not sufficiently loaded (less than 50% utilization). w rp .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-73 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. You will be informed in time so that you can take the necessary precautions. shortfall in safety stock. Typical alerts are: When the resource is too overloaded (over 100% utilization of capacity). click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line. You retain constant control over your supply chain network because of the alerts you defined and because you have the option to send these by mail. target days' supply excess/shortfall. Every situation that has to be adjusted in planning is an exception.Alert Monitor Definition Exception Window for Details Alert Alert Notification l l Exceptions are calculated using macros and displayed in the Alert Monitor There are standard macros and the option to define your own alerts © SAP AG 2001 The role of the Alert Monitor is to inform you of exception cases that occur in your plan. The database alerts show the planning situation as it was at the time of the planning run. customer-specific alerts. The Alert Monitor in Supply Network Planning enables you to display and remove alerts for resources and location products. As planner or manager you will be prepared for any problems that occur. In Supply Network Planning you have the option to display either database or dynamic alerts.

Right-click on the alert to go directly to the problem resolution screen. As planner or manager you will be prepared for any problems that occur. w rp . You will be informed in time so that you can take the necessary precautions.e w w o d . target days' supply excess/shortfall. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Alert Monitor Integration PP/DS PP/DS Cockpit DP DP Problem resolution Example: Production Planning / Detailed Scheduling SNP APO Alert Repository ATP Alert Monitor © SAP AG 2001 The Alert Monitor in Supply Network Planning enables you to display and remove alerts for resources and location products.c n w Supply Network Planning m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-74 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. if you wish to remove this line. You retain constant control over your supply chain network because of the alerts you defined and because you have the option to send these by mail.erpdown. when the resource is not sufficiently loaded (less than 50% utilization). Typical alerts are: When the resource is too overloaded (over 100% utilization of capacity). backlog. from the menu or directly from interactive planning.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . customer-specific alerts. You can call the Alert Monitor from the Supply Chain Cockpit. shortfall in safety stock.

For example. Both types of alerts. For example.c n w ATP: Requirements not covered m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-75 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d . Lights indicate that at least one alert of that priority type exists.erpdown. Each alert type can be assigned to any number of applications. some alerts apply only to SNP.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . w rp . but others can be assigned to DP and PP/DS as well. you can assign the alert type to the application. however. If you want to show an alert in the SCC. The Alert Monitor differentiates between alerts in a specific planning version and alerts in general. if you wish to remove this line. capacity overload pertains to a specific planning version while Demand Planning alerts are general. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. are displayed in the Monitor. Since some alert types cannot always be clearly assigned. it can happen that the same alerts may appear under more than one priority light. This ensures that the traffic lights in the monitoring slot in the control panel go on.Alert Types Demand Planning Supply Network Planning Production Planning/ Detailed Scheduling ATP DP macro status alerts Resource load (SNP) Violation of due dates Resource load (PP/DS) © SAP AG 2001 Business Information Warehouse APO's monitoring component comes equipped with a selection of 20 alert types ranging from product shortage to various capacity overloads. The alert types must be prioritized and assigned to the various APO applications.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.erpdown. an extraction structure for the planning area.c n w m o liveCache © SAP AG AP010 Preface-76 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d . and an SAP RemoteCube that reflects the liveCache data.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .Evaluations in APO l Using the BW Business Explorer you can evaluate: Order data from the liveCache Aggregated data in InfoCubes Extraction structure RemoteCube Planning area Business Explorer © SAP AG 2001 DP InfoCube You can also evaluate data from APO using the BW frontend. if you wish to remove this line. an infosource. The prerequisites for 'liveReporting' orders and time series are as follows: a planning area in APO. w rp . but also all of the order and time series objects from the liveCache. It is not only the aggregated actual data from the InfoCubes that are evaluated.

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-77 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line.Conclusion You are now able to l l l l l Explain the functions of models and versions in APO Describe the modelling of the Supply Chain network Analyze master and transactional data in the Supply Chain Cockpit Call alerts from the Supply Chain Cockpit Evaluate aggregated historical data © SAP AG 2001 w rp .erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .

Exercises Unit: Supply Chain Cockpit Topic: Display and Query At the conclusion of this unit. Which distribution centers supply the plants 1000 and 2300? Display the global master data for the product T-F225 and the master data for the product T-F225 in the distribution center 2400 in the Supply Chain Cockpit.erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . The group number ## that you need for the following exercises is on your monitor. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. you will be able to • Maintain the user settings for the Supply Chain Cockpit • Execute queries in the Supply Chain Cockpit and with the Business Information Explorer Precision Pump company’s supply chain planner can procure all necessary information about the products. Query the stock/requirements list for product T-F225 at location 2400. if you wish to remove this line. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-78 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. locations and resources for which he/she is responsible via the Cockpit.c n w m o Change to the logical view PUMP and analyze the supply chain.e w w 000 000 PUMP o d . 1-1 Open the Supply Chain Cockpit with the following entries: w 1-2 1-3 Planning version For model Work area rp .

1-4 Query the transportation lanes permitted for the product T-F225. with Sold-to party 1000. w rp . Save the profile. go back to the Cockpit and refresh the alert situation. 1-5 Open your user settings profile directly from the Cockpit. Enter the SDP alert profile PUMP. if you wish to remove this line. Are alerts displayed? How can you process the alerts? 1-6 Evaluate the aggregated historical data for the product T-F2##.erpdown.e w w o d . contributed to sales in the past few months. and in Sales Organization 1000.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-79 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Find out the extent that Product T-F2##. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Log on to the APO system using the Business Information Warehouse (BW) Analyzer and open the query SALES DATA for the SALES InfoCube.

The group number ## that you need for the following exercises is on your monitor. If you want to restrict the area further. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-80 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.Solutions Unit: Supply Chain Cockpit Topic: Display and Query At the conclusion of this unit.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . locations and resources for which he/she is responsible via the Cockpit.c n w m o Change to the logical view PUMP and analyze the supply chain.e w w PUMP o d . Select the “Fit to objects” button on the left above the graphic to adjust the objects. Which distribution centers supply the plants 1000 and 2300? Supply Chain Monitoring à Supply Chain Cockpit Enter the input data and select “Use”. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line. Enter the logical view PUMP and select “Logical view”.erpdown. The transportation lanes show you that the plants 1000 and 2300 supply the distribution centers 2400 and 2500. 1-1 Open the Supply Chain Cockpit with the following entries: Planning version For model 000 000 w Work area rp . you will be able to • Maintain the user settings for the Supply Chain Cockpit • Execute queries in the Supply Chain Cockpit and with the Business Information Explorer Precision Pump company’s supply chain planner can procure all necessary information about the products. you can define the zoom area using the left mouse button.

Enter the SDP alert profile PUMP.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-81 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Choose the Products tab Right-click on product T-F225 and display the master data for this product: Display à Product Select the location 2400 in the graphic and the product T-F225 in the Products tab and display the location product by right-clicking on the product: Display à Product at location 1-3 Query the stock/requirements list for product T-F225 at location 2400. Double-click here to go directly to the Alert Monitor and right-click to process the alerts.1-2 Display the global master data for the product T-F225 and the master data for the product T-F225 in the distribution center 2400 in the Supply Chain Cockpit. Choose T-F225 in the Products tab Right-click to call up the context menu: Query: Master data à Transport net . go back to the Cockpit and refresh the alert situation.e w w o d .erpdown. Press the “Refresh alerts” button and the exception messages are shown in red.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. rp .map 1-5 Open your user settings profile directly from the Cockpit. Save the profile. if you wish to remove this line. Select the location 2400 on the map Select product T-F225 in the Products tab and right-click to call up the context menu: Call up planning applications à PP/DS Stock/Requirements List Check that Product and Plant have green lights in the selection options screen and check which product is selected by clicking on the Display button Execute the query by clicking on the Execute button 1-4 Query the transportation lanes permitted for the product T-F225. Save the profile and use the green arrow to go back to the Cockpit. Are alerts displayed? How can you process the alerts? w Settings à User profile Enter the SDP alert profile PUMP in the Alert Monitor tab.

e w w o d . Find out the extent that Product T-F2##.erpdown.year/month. you can drilldown the evaluation according to months by choosing “Filter and drilldown according to” cal. and press the “Open” icon in the Business Explorer. By right-clicking on the SALES key figure. if you wish to remove this line. Log on to your APO system. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Call up the BW Analyzer. You are given an aggregated view of the invoiced sales quantity and invoiced sales value of the three sales organizations. w rp . and in Sales Organization 1000.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-82 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. with Sold-to party 1000. Select the SALES DATA query and press OK. contributed to sales in the past few months.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . By right-clicking on sales organization you can drilldown the evaluation according to sold-to parties by choosing “Add Drilldown According to” sold-to parties. Log on to the APO system using the Business Information Warehouse (BW) Analyzer and open the query SALES DATA for the SALES InfoCube. Right-click on the field next to APO product to restrict the evaluation for your product T-F2## via “Select filter value”.1-6 Evaluate the aggregated historical data for the product T-F2##. activate the macros. Expand the SALES PLANNING info area and the SALES infocube.

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-83 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d .erpdown. if you wish to remove this line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Demand Planning (DP) Contents: l l l l l Demand Planning Tasks and Functions Integration with the Business Information Warehouse (BW) Forecast Toolbox Lifecycle Planning Promotions © SAP AG 2001 w rp .

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-84 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Define various forecasting strategies. Describe the tasks of Demand Planning.erpdown.e w w o d . Create a simple sales forecast. you will be able to: l l l l Explain how the Business Information Warehouse is integrated with Demand Planning. © SAP AG 2001 w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .Unit Objectives At the conclusion of this unit. and release the results to Production Planning. if you wish to remove this line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-85 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line.e w w o d .Course Overview Diagram 1 Course Overview 2 Integration and Technology 3 Modelling and Evaluation in APO 4 Demand Planning 4 5 Planning Supply Network Production Planning/Detailed 4 7 Transportation Scheduling Planning/Vehicle 8 Global Available-to-Promise 9 Conclusion 6 Scheduling © SAP AG 2001 w rp .erpdown.

Business Scenario l The Precision Pump company will implement APO Demand Planning and use it to execute their monthly finished product forecasting. and user-defined forecast models. With APO Demand Planning you can use statistical forecasting methods and advanced macro techniques to do the following: . Consistent planning allows you to enter the forecast data on different planning levels and automatically consolidate the data in the master forecast. . User-specific planning layouts and interactive planning books not only allow you to include different departments.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d . you can also use them to include other companies in the forecast creation process.And use a consensusbased approach to consolidate the demand plans of different departments. and flexible tool that supports your company's demand planning process. The seamless integration with APO Supply Network Planning supports an efficient Sales and Operations Planning (S&OP) process. The result of APO Demand Planning is the demand plan. and forecast results. You can use forecast overrides and promotions to add marketing intelligence and management adjustments.erpdown. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-86 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. l © SAP AG 2001 Demand Planning is a complex.Test predefined. w rp . if you wish to remove this line.c n w m o Demand Planning is the application component in the Advanced Planner and Optimizer (APO) that allows you to forecast market demand for your company's products. .Create forecasts from sales history. powerful. based on many different causal factors.

w rp . and Causal models with multilinear regression. variable drill down Extensive forecasting technique Promotion planning and evaluation. Seasonal model. External forecasting procedures can also be linked to this. Macros can be used to perform complex calculations. Trend model. the feasible production plan from SNP or PP/DS is compared with the original demand plan. and to define conditions and exception messages (alerts). Mails can be sent automatically. 'like' modeling Collaborative planning via the internet Sales Bills of Material (BOMs) © SAP AG 2001 The Business Information Warehouse (BW) infrastructure includes easy to use features for extracting all the data from execution systems and analyzing it in the SAP BW Business Explorer. Trend and Seasonal model. In the S&OP scenario. You can make each planning book accessible to customers or suppliers over the internet in order to be able to exchange data as soon as possible. Croston method with exponential smoothing. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Linear regression. Life cycle definition is also covered in like modeling. Deviations are identified automatically and reported to the planner.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-87 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. "Like modeling" refers to the forecasting of new products using historical data from old products.Advantages of Demand Planning in APO ª ª ª ª ª ª ª ª ª Global server with a BW infrastructure Integrated exception handling.erpdown. Constant model.e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line. creation of user defined alerts Integration with Production Planning (S&OP scenario) Main memory based planning Flexible navigation in the planning table. and status automatically queried. The following statistical procedures are all available for forecasting.

) Ÿ Demand data can be exchanged with sales organizations. price. R&D expenditures. and suppliers over the Internet (Collaborative Demand Planning). or point of sale (POS) data direct from retailers Managing all significant factors that influence demand Tracking and management of product lifecycles l l © SAP AG 2001 The complexity and competitive nature of today's business environment requires organizations to consider many variables when developing a sales and operations plan. manufacturer forecast is based on a distributor’s sales history. customers.g. forecasts from customers. Ÿ Multiple sources of demand plan data (e. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . if you wish to remove this line. promotions.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-88 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.erpdown. seasonality. and/or point of sales direct from retailer.Influencing Factors in Demand Planning Company 1 Central Store Promotion Promotion Sales Force Sales Force Price Price Advertisement Advertisement l l Understanding demand in a dynamic business environment Price Price Weather Weather Regional D/C Company 2 Central Store Regional Store D/C Promotion Promotion Customer Season Season Multiple sources of demand plan data such as: internally created forecasts based on history. advertising expenditures.) Ÿ Factors influencing demand (sales force size.e w w o d .

APO Integration .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown.e w w o d .. Forecast Business Information Warehouse Demand Planning specific data l l l l l Forecast & planning scenarios Causal factors Lifecycle patterns Seasonal patterns Promotional patterns Central Data Pool l l l l l Summarized data POS. w rp . © SAP AG 2001 SAP's Business Information Warehouse (SAP BW) is contained in the APO scope of supply and is completely integrated with it. . Costs. it is a good idea to set up an independent BW server. As data structures in BW and APO are identical.. order. you can also evaluate APO data with the BW frontend. and only transfer the data that is relevant for planning to the APO system.Business Warehouse Demand Planning Forecast Reporting APO Data Mart Sales history. Price. if you wish to remove this line.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-89 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. If you are going to execute extensive reporting. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. and shipment data Syndicated POS data Cost information ...

com 全面的ERP资源下载 . if you wish to remove this line. w rp .e w w o d . and legacy systems.Demand Planning Concept Location Product hierarchy Sold-to party Sales organization Region Aggregated actual data Future demand forecast l Incoming order value Quantities Values BW R/3 Excel Non-SAP system l l l Statistical forecasting Collaborative forecasting Promotions l Invoice Quantities Values l … © SAP AG 2001 The APO DP library of statistical forecasting and advanced macro techniques allows you to create forecasts based on sales history as well as any number of causal factors. Aggregated actual data can be extracted from the R/3 system in exactly the same way as it can be imported from BW. Excel.erpdown. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-90 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Marketing intelligence and management adjustments can be added by using forecast overrides and promotions. and use a consensus-based approach to consolidate the results.

drilling up and down. and slice-and-dice techniques. aggregation and disaggregation. middle out. middle out. bottom up) Slice & dice Drill downs & ups Multiple demand plans to be simulated Standard forecast accuracy analysis Aug. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Consistent planning means that planning data on all planning levels can be consistently held (automatic aggregation and disaggregation).c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-91 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .Planning & Reporting l Consistent planning (top down. W38 W39 W40 W41 time sequence Customer l l l l Pe rio d 203 124 Regions Material Product Groups © SAP AG 2001 Planning supports online simulation in multiple planning scenarios. consistent planning throughout your enterprise (top down. if you wish to remove this line. W32 W33 W 34 W35 W36 W37 Sept.erpdown. or bottom up).e w w o d . w rp .

and load existing selections. and views. where you choose the InfoObjects to be planned. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.e w w o d .Location Capacity Leveling Total W 27 W 28 Title view Key figure 1 Key figure 2 Key figure 3 Key figure 4 Key figure 5 W 26 Selection profile User Selection ID Header information Selected objects Standard selections Planning book Data views Macros © SAP AG 2001 The APO modules Demand Planning and Supply Network Planning have a standard user interface.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . You can define a filter for available planning books and views.erpdown. It consists of two significant components: the selection range and the work area. In the data view area. In the Shuffler. w rp . choose the symbol selection window. you can save commonly used selections. you choose your planning books. The planner can access commonly used selections quickly using the selection IDs. To open the Shuffler. The selection profile displays all the selection IDs which have been assigned for the planner. The selection range (Shuffler) is the window.Product ID Object Object 1 Object 2 Object 3 Object 4 Text Text 1 Text 2 Text 3 Text 4 Design Graph Total W 24 W 25 APO .c n w Right mouse button: additional settings m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-92 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.The Planning Table Selection APO . if you wish to remove this line.

Calculations in Demand Planning You can use macros to: l l l l l l Calculate deviations Make automatic corrections Calculate sales budgets Define your own exceptional situations Launch status queries Send mails © SAP AG 2001 Macros perform complex calculations quickly and accurately.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-93 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.e w w o d .erpdown. The extreme flexibility of the macros allows the planner to model a planning environment based on individual business tasks. if you wish to remove this line.

Composite forecasting extends the idea of pick-the-best. with this technique you combine two or more methods. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-94 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. including everything from data analysis via time series models through multiple linear regression. seasonal) Exponential smoothing Seasonal linear regression Holt-Winters Croston's method (for sporadic demand) l l Causal Analysis Multiple linear regression Composite forecasting Weighted average of multiple models © SAP AG 2001 The product portfolio of a company covers a variety of products in different stages of their lifecycle and with different demand types.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . seasonal trend. if you wish to remove this line. The statistical forecasting toolbox provides all the features you require to efficiently create accurate forecasts.Statistical Toolbox l Univariate Forecasting Moving average Models (constant. w rp .e w w o d . The system allows you to choose the best method for a specific demand type. APO Demand Planning offers a "toolbox" of proven forecasting methods.erpdown. Croston's method allows you to model "lumpy" (sporadic) demand.

w rp . a phase-in profile. If the phase-in profile period is within the future horizon of the specified master forecast profile.erpdown. and discontinuation (phase-out). A product's lifecycle consists of different phases: launch (phase-in). growth and discontinuation phases. and writes the adjusted values in the corrected history. if you wish to remove this line. or a phase-out profile. the system adjusts baseline (original) forecasts. If the phase-out profile period is within the history horizon of the master forecast profile. maturity. growth. the system adjusts history input values.Lifecycle Management & Like Modeling Actual data of the old product Sales Like Forecasting of the new product Lifecycle © SAP AG 2001 You use lifecycle planning and "Like" modeling to forecast the launch (phase-in) and discontinuation (phase-out) of a product. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.e w w o d .c n w m o Time © SAP AG AP010 Preface-95 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . and writes the adjusted values in the corrected forecast key figure. For all characteristic value combinations. or any combination of these. This process models launch. displays the adjusted values in the original history and corrected history key figures. you can use either a "like" profile.

" "like regions". you can plan promotions or other special events independently of the rest of your forecast. Use Promotion Planning to record either one-time events. w rp . market intelligence. freestanding inserts. such as the millennium.Promotion Planning Forecast simulation Sales Total sales: Profit Total profit: Promotion 1 Promotion patterns ?5 ?6 -10% Price Planner Planner ?7 Quantity © SAP AG 2001 Promotions can have a major impact on consumer behavior. coupons. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. or repeated events such as quarterly advertising campaigns. and tornadoes. There are several techniques available to determine the impact of a historical promotion.e w w o d . Promotional uplifts can be defined in units or percentages by common promotion patterns. if you wish to remove this line. Examples of events that also have an impact on consumer behavior are upward/downward economic trends. In APO Demand Planning. One such technique is multiple linear regression with or without a trend or seasonality. A promotion pattern can be archived in a promotion catalog.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . it can therefore be reused if a promotion of the same type is repeated. A copy function in the promotion catalog also supports "like" modeling of "like products. and acts of nature. and so on.c n w m o ?8 © SAP AG AP010 Preface-96 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Other examples of promotions are trade fairs.erpdown. competitors' activities. The effect of a promotion pattern that occurred in the past can be automatically detected using sales history or estimated by the planner. such as hurricanes.

Macros are used to analyze the differences between the demand plan and feasible quantities and alerts are generated if large differences occur. capacity planning. the results can be transferred back to Demand Planning. and sourcing are carried out for the complete supply network.c n w Production quantities m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-97 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d . You release the demand plan from Demand Planning (DP) via either the demand planner or the SNP planner.erpdown. where BOM explosion. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Release of Sales Quantities as Planned Independent Requirements Demand Planning Production Planning Key figure: sales quantity Planned independent requirements Macros Alerts SNP PP/DS Key figure: feasible sales quantity © SAP AG 2001 Once the various stakeholders in the forecast have reached a one-number. consensus plan.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . if you wish to remove this line. After feasibility of the planned sales quantities in SNP or PP/DS has been checked. w rp . you release the demand plan as a planned independent requirement. or PP/DS. This release causes planned independent requirements to be created in the order liveCache. These anonymous demands form the basis of SNP.

© SAP AG 2001 w rp . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line. and release the results to Production Planning.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-98 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.Demand Planning: Unit Summary You are now able to: l l l l Explain how the Business Information Warehouse is integrated with Demand Planning Describe the tasks of Demand Planning Define various forecasting strategies Create a simple sales forecast.erpdown.e w w o d .

and on the right-hand side enter your product T-F2##. 1-2 w Perform a univariate forecast and analyze the graphic results. Check that the correction is automatically added to the demand plan. Load the data for the product into the planning table.erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Go back to the planning table.c n w m o 1-3 For three months from now enter a manual correction of 100 pumps. under “Show”. 1-1 Go to Demand Planning. if you wish to remove this line.e w w o d . enter APO . Save your plan. The seasonal pattern that occurred in the past has been extrapolated into the future.Product once again. rp . Version 000 is already displayed automatically. Open the selection window and. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-99 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. you will be able to: • Evaluate historical data • Create a sales forecast including corrections • Release the demand plan to Production Planning The Precision Pump company is creating a demand plan to provide planned independent requirements for Supply Network Planning. select “APO PRODUCT”.Exercises Unit: Demand Planning Topic: Interactive Planning At the conclusion of this exercise. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. This plan uses a statistical forecast based on historical data. and includes input from regional sales managers. In the next row.

e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-100 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Go to PP/DS product view for version 000. Which locations have had planned independent requirements created for them? Field Name Planning area Planning version Key figure Planning version Category Horizon Daily buckets profile Product Input Data SALES 000 FINFOR 000 FA The next 3 months 90 days T-F2## 1-5 Make sure that planned independent requirements have been created in the LiveCache. product T-F2##. Use the “RELEASE” variant. and location 2400.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown. w rp . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.1-4 Release your demand plan to Production Planning. and enter your product T-F2## and the horizon. if you wish to remove this line.

select “APO PRODUCT”. Double click on your product T-F2##.erpdown. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. under “Show”. Check that the correction is automatically added to the demand plan. and the forecast results plus historical data will be displayed graphically. Version 000 is already displayed automatically. rp . In the “Correction” key figure. Entries can now be made for this selection in the planning table rows. To get back to the original table.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Demand Planning → Planning → Interactive Demand Planning The selection window is the second icon in the top left. and on the right-hand side enter your product T-F2##. select “APO PRODUCT”. type in 100. In the next row. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-101 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. 1-2 Perform a univariate forecast and analyze the graphic results.c n w m o For three months from now enter a manual correction of 100 pumps. Load the data for the product into the planning table. Save your plan and exit the table. Save your plan. The total from the “Forecast” plus “Correction” key figures is displayed in the “Demand Plan” key figure.e w w o d .Product once again. Version 000 is already displayed automatically. In the next row. enter APO . Open the selection window and. enter APO . and your selection will be adopted by the selection window.Solutions Unit: Demand Planning Topic: Interactive Planning 1-1 Go to Demand Planning. Open the selection window and. The seasonal pattern that occurred in the past has been extrapolated into the future.Product once again. Select the “Switch table/graphic” button. w 1-3 Click on the “STAT” symbol and the forecast is calculated automatically. Select “Adopt”. and on the righthand side enter your product T-F2##. click on the green “back” arrow. Go back to the planning table. if you wish to remove this line. under “Show”.

product T-F2##.. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. 1-5 Make sure that planned independent requirements have been created in the LiveCache. Continue. Enter your product T-F2##. and Plant 1000.” button and choose the RELEASE variant.. Production Planning à Interactive Production Planning à Product View w Enter version 000. Which locations have had planned independent requirements created for them? Demand Planningà Planning à Release to Supply Network Planning Select the “Get variant. and location 2400.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-102 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. and enter your product T-F2## and the horizon. Go to PP/DS product view for version 000. Your monthly planned sales quantities have been transferred here and distributed over days. Use the “RELEASE” variant. Field Name Planning area Planning version Key figure Planning version Category Horizon Daily buckets profile Product Input Data SALES 000 FINFOR 000 FA The next 3 months 90 days T-F2## Planned independent requirements are created for Distribution Centers 2400.erpdown. product T-F2##. and choose Execute. if you wish to remove this line.1-4 Release your demand plan to Production Planning.e w w o d . and location 2400.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . rp .

if you wish to remove this line.erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-103 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Supply Network Planning (SNP) Contents: l l l Distribution Network and Process Flow Master Data Requirements Planning Methods SNP Heuristic SNP Optimizer Capable-to-Match l Deployment (distribution detailed planning) © SAP AG 2001 w rp .

e w w o d .erpdown.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-104 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.Unit Objectives At the conclusion of this unit. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . you will be able to l l l l l Describe the Supply Network Planning distribution network Explain the Supply Network Planning process flow Identify master data that is required to run Supply Network Planning Describe and compare Supply Network Planning planning methods Explain the function of deployment © SAP AG 2001 w rp .

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line.Course Overview Diagram 1 Course Overview 2 Integration and Technology 3 Modelling and Evaluation in APO 4 Demand Planning Supply Network 5 Planning 5 5 7 Transportation Scheduling Planning/Vehicle 8 Global Available-to-Promise 9 Conclusion 6 Scheduling Production Planning/Detailed © SAP AG 2001 w rp .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-105 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown.

e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line. © SAP AG 2001 w rp .Business Scenario l The Precision Pump Company is implementing Supply Network Planning (SNP) to plan. l l l Precision Pump company uses deployment to match stock transports to supply and demand when there are short-term changes. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-106 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. in order to improve customer service and to minimize inventory and lead times.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown. in the midto long-term. This planning is used to guarantee the procurement of parts with long delivery time and the effective use of resources. the material flow of critical materials through the entire supply chain. Production and storage resources should be considered finitely and simultaneously.

com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Benefits of Supply Network Planning in APO ª ª ª ª ª ª ª ª ª Multi-site mid-term rough-cut planning Simultaneous material planning and finite capacity planning of production. if you wish to remove this line.erpdown. storage and transportation resources Simultaneous production planning and distribution resource planning Planning of critical components on bottleneck resources Cross-plant optimization of the resource load Prioritization of demand and supply Collaborative procurement planning via the internet Distribution detailed planning (deployment) Collective conversion of stock transport requisitions © SAP AG 2001 w rp .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-107 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.

com 全面的ERP资源下载 . if you wish to remove this line. routes and vehicle utilization are optimized. w rp . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.APO Planning Sequence Planning Horizon Demand Planning (DP) Supply Network Planning (SNP) Production Planning (PP) Detailed Scheduling (DS) Deployment Transportation Planning (TP/VS) / TLB © SAP AG 2001 The tasks of the individual APO modules can be summarized as follows: Ÿ DP is used for long-term unconstrained planning of the future demand plan Ÿ SNP is used for mid-term planning of feasible cross-plant procurement and production Ÿ PP/DS optimizes production in the plant in the next few weeks according to sequences and setup times Ÿ Deployment and the TLB (Transport Load Builder) are functions of the SNP module for short-term replenishment planning.erpdown. Ÿ In Transportation Planning.e w w o d . Deployment and the TLB adjust stock transfers according to short-term changes on the demand or supply side.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-108 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.to long-term horizon. SNP ensures that the right quantity is available on the right day without critical resources being overloaded.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . The smallest unit used for scheduling is days.erpdown. if you wish to remove this line. cross-location production and distribution plan with individual rough bills of material (BOM) and routings.e w w o d . The SNP BOM contains critical products that are produced on bottleneck resources and products with a long replenishment lead time.Aims of SNP Planning l SNP Planning plans the mid. l l © SAP AG 2001 w rp . It creates a rough quantity-based.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-109 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.

e w w o d . global consistent model. for example. storage. and distribution decisions.Beyond Traditional Planning Production process model Production plant Manufacturer DC Customer DC Supplier plant Supplier WH © SAP AG 2001 SNP integrates purchasing. w rp . and transportation so that comprehensive tactical planning and sourcing decisions can be simulated and implemented on the basis of a single.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-110 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. feasible plans for the material flow along the supply chain. reduced inventory levels. Various planning methods can be used to create cross-location. material availability and unrestricted availability of work center. production. taking account of constraints and penalties. transportation and handling capacities.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . if you wish to remove this line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Possible constraints are. The stock and previously-planned receipts for finished products and components of all connected OLTP systems are known by SNP. and improved customer service. distribution. The result is optimal purchasing. manufacturing.erpdown.

If you leave these fields blank. The carrier tab is only activated when you select the location type '1020 carrier'. handling. A handling and a storage resource can be associated with a location to represent aggregate handling and storage capacity. Predefining it as a part of the location data forces the location to be positioned at a specific point on the map. w rp . handling.Locations in the Supply Network l Locations are only differentiated by the location type that controls the symbol on the map (exception VMI) Products can be stored at every location Demands can be fulfilled from each location You can maintain storage. The geographical data is used to position the location on the geographical map of the Supply Chain Engineer. if you wish to remove this line. they are filled automatically when you place the location on the map. shipping and storage calendars can be defined for each location. The VMI customer tab only applies to the location type '1010 customer'. transportation and production capacities for each location Storage cost per unit for each product Purchasing cost per unit for each product l l l Supplier Plant DC Customer l l Transportation MRP zone area © SAP AG 2001 Production. Input fields that are not available to other location types are activated for location type '1007 MRP area'. procurement and production as well as penalties for non-delivery. Procurement costs are used to select suppliers and production costs for selecting PPMs. An integrated examination of the costs is carried out during the SNP optimization run.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w Stock transfer point m o Carrier © SAP AG AP010 Preface-111 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. For each location you can define costs for storage.erpdown.e w w o d . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

For example. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. airplane.Transportation Lanes Transportation lanes control the material flow along the supply chain l l l l l Procurement Transportation method Products that can be carried by a transportation method Transportation capacity by volume. weight. product and transportation method © SAP AG 2001 A transportation lane in APO represents a business relationship between the locations that you can use to transport goods. The direction of the transportation lane from source to target location defines the material flow. The relationships and the locations represent the supply chain network. you can display a list of all products that are assigned to a specific lane. distances and times Ÿ Assign product-specific transportation methods Ÿ Assign carriers to the lanes You can query the lane relevant data via the Supply Chain Engineer menu or on the map.e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-112 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. unit costs and lane priorities Ÿ Define the transportation methods (truck. if you wish to remove this line. pallets Transportation costs per unit. cost functions. w rp . These transportation lanes enable you to: Ÿ Define the product procurement parameters like lot sizes.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown. etc) for each lane and the related parameters like transportation costs. ship.

the quantity that is consumed or produced on a working day at the resource. You can use handling bucket resources to model the capacity of forklifts. for example.e w w o d .c n w Handling m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-113 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. if you wish to remove this line. You can use storage bucket resources to model the capacity of storage locations in order to avoid overloading them. Ÿ Rate (quantity with time base) .Resource Categories Production Transportation Storage © SAP AG 2001 You can model additional bottlenecks in your supply chain using bucket resources.this defines the transportation capacity of a truck or the storage capacity of a warehouse. You can define the capacity of a bucket resource as Ÿ Quantity (without time base) .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . For period-oriented short.erpdown. w rp . in other words.this defines the consumption or production capacity of a resource. conveyor belts or pipelines in order to avoid overloading them.and mid-term planning in Supply Network Planning you use bucket resources that you plan in detail based on days. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. for example. You can use transport bucket resources to model the capacity of transport fleets in order to avoid overloading them.

the PPM cannot be activated.e w w o d . PPMs that determine the location. A consistency check can be performed manually but is always executed when saving the PPM. lot size area Operations: Material staging Pre-assembly Final assembly Inspection Activities: l l l Produce Tear down Queue time l l l Product Relationship Resources In / Out Sequence Resource consumption © SAP AG 2001 The detailed information required for producing a product is specified in the plan. for example. Each operation includes one or more activities. If there are inconsistencies. and time interval for which the plan is valid are assigned to the plan. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Structure of Plan and PPM Plan (location independent) $ l l l l Control costs PPM: Product. the resources used and their sequence within the operation. Each plan includes one or more operations. Ÿ Variable resource consumption: Time to produce one base quantity of material. location. Activity type: P (system always considers operations as production) Consumption mode: S (system always considers consumption at start of activity) Resources: Ÿ Unit of measure must be the same unit as in the resource itself Ÿ Fixed duration for scheduling: 1 day means that the activity lasts one day. They contain: The variable costs contain all production costs. if you wish to remove this line.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-114 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. the components consumed by the activity. lot size.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . The plans used for Supply Network Planning (SNP) are usually rougher than those used for Production Planning/Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS). w rp .erpdown.

After production planning has been completed. Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS) then starts with these PP/DS planned orders to remove detailed constraints and bottlenecks and to create a feasible production plan. You can build stock transport orders manually for stock transport requisitions that could not be taken into account during the TLB run due to specified threshold values. Optimization. you can use a macro to trigger alerts so that the demand planner plans his forecasts again. or Capable-to-Match (CTM) results in a mid-term production and distribution plan.c n w Check plan/ solve problems m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-115 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d . Performing the SNP run using the SNP Heuristic. SNP optimization. The final SNP plan consists of purchase requisitions. or CTM run Deployment run Release constraintbased SNP plan to DP Finalize SNP plan (available to PP / DS) © SAP AG 2001 Planned independent requirements are generated for SNP or PP/DS when the demand plan is released from Demand Planning.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .SNP Planning Sequence Set up master data and supply chain model Build loads for non-assigned transport orders TLB run Release demand plan Perform SNP Heuristic. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line. check the exception messages (alerts) and resolve any problems that occur. This step can either be carried out using the demand planner or the SNP planner. w rp . You can automatically convert the SNP planned orders into PP/DS planned orders in the production horizon. If the differences between these two plans are too great. The TLB run groups the stock transport requisitions resulting from the deployment run into stock transport orders. After the SNP run.erpdown. stock transport requisitions and SNP planned orders. The final SNP plan can be released back to DP for comparison of the unconstrained demand plan with the feasible SNP plan. the deployment run confirms the stock transport requisitions based on current supplies and demands.

w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .to Long-Term Planning Methods Heuristic Capable-to-Match (CTM) Optimization Propagation l Deployment (short-term Replenishment Planning) Heuristic Optimization l Transport Load Builder Grouping of Stock Transfers © SAP AG 2001 The following planning scenarios are supported by Supply Network Planning: Ÿ Supply Network Planning creates feasible mid-term procurement. if you wish to remove this line. production and distribution plans. Ÿ Transport Load Builder converts the stock transport requisitions used by deployment into stock transport orders. Ÿ Deployment distributes stock and available receipts to distribution centers and vendor-managed inventory (VMI) customers.SNP Planning Functionality l Mid. taking account of transportation capabilities. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-116 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d .erpdown.

rapid. Demand no stock 4. There is no stock in the plant.Heuristic Scenario 2. quota arrangements.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Procurement for the components then occurs via the possible transportation lanes and quota arrangements or priorities. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. w rp . multi-site planning MRP II concept (planning against infinite capacity) Time-based aggregation to weekly splits. The product is procured externally. so the SNP plan is exploded and a planned order is created for the finished product and dependent demands for the components. for example © SAP AG 2001 The role of the Heuristic involves: Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ Planning supply to meet demand Integrating purchasing. and distribution in one consistent model Modeling the entire delivery network Synchronizing activities and planning material flow throughout the supply chain The slide shows an example of the Heuristic: There is a demand in the customer location. Explosion of plan Creation and scheduling of receipts l l l Quantity-based. production. if you wish to remove this line.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-117 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. priorities 3. Demand no stock 1. Valid transportation lanes. The system analyzes the possible transportation lanes.e w w o d . There is also no stock in the distribution center so the Heuristic checks the possible transportation lanes in the plant.erpdown. The net requirements calculation does not find any stock.

Ÿ If you choose Time-Based Capacity Leveling by decreasing stock range of coverage. If you choose Time-Based Capacity Leveling by increasing order quantity. you can select various priority rules: Ÿ If you do not select a priority rule. if you wish to remove this line. If you choose Time-Based Capacity Leveling by increasing stock range of coverage. the system adjusts the order w rp . rescheduling does not create any orders in the production horizon. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. then the one with the second highest priority. Ÿ If you choose Time-Based Capacity Leveling by decreasing product priority. Day 3. the system first adjusts the largest order. and so on. and so on. then the one with the second smallest range. Ÿ A combination of backward and forward shift of capacity load. the system first adjusts the order with the largest stock range of coverage. Ÿ If you choose Time-Based Capacity Leveling by decreasing order quantity. If you choose Time-Based Capacity Leveling by increasing product priority. Day 5. Day 2.e w w o d . the system first adjusts the order with the highest priority. the system adjusts the order with the smallest range of coverage first.c n w 4. then the second largest. and so on. then the second smallest. and so on. the priority is determined by the system and is completely random. Day © SAP AG 2001 The planner can use the following methods to adjust the plan: Ÿ Backward shift of capacity load to satisfy demand with high priorities without due date violations. Day m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-118 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . the system adjusts the smallest order first.erpdown.Capacity Leveling Time-Based Capacity Leveling Capacity load BACKWARD FORWARD 100 % 1. However. then the one with the second largest range. and so on. If you choose a time-based capacity leveling option. Forward shift of capacity load related to demand with lower priorities and minimization of due date violations based on demand priorities.

if you wish to remove this line.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-119 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. The product priority is maintained in the product location master record on the SNP2 tab. w rp . and so on. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown.with the lowest priority first.e w w o d . then the one with the second lowest.

After the optimization run (or after the heuristic run). no information relating to connections between particular planned production orders and original sales orders can be determined. CTM takes the first feasible solution.erpdown. rather.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-120 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.CTM Scenario 4. quantity planning takes place. Transp. if you wish to remove this line. Strategy: Search for surplus stock Result: Stock 5.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . no stock 2. CTM considers: Ÿ Prioritized single requirements Ÿ Production capacity and not handling. In Supply Network Planning no order-based planning takes place. w rp . whereby you can define the sequence of checks via rules. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Demand with highest priority. Strategy: Search for surplus stock Result: No stock ATP rule: Substitution product Result: No stock Production: Search for available capacity Result: No resource available © SAP AG 2001 This slide shows the determination of feasible receipts for the demand with highest priority. Stock transfer created 1. CTM gradually checks the feasible receipts. lane highest priority 3.e w w o d . storage or transport capacities Ÿ Splitting production between resources Ÿ Component availability CTM is order-based planning that uses pegging methods to trace orders back to the individual requirement.

CTM quantity. delivery group (items are delivered together).e w w o d .4. 2. delivery priority. BOP: delivery date. requested quantity.c n w 7.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . BOP: confirmation share. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. location. order / MRP element item. BOP: user exit priority. Demands l Demand selection CTM work area © SAP AG 2001 CTM prioritizes current demands based on order category (for example. if you wish to remove this line. date on which the record was added. sales order (KAUF) and demand planning forecasts). 8.2. confirmed quantity. Below is a list of possible prioritization criteria: Maximum number of partial deliveries allowed per item.3. location product number priority. 6. sales document type. 2001 1. 2001 Customer Baker Baker DC1 Product P-102 P-102 P-102 l The sort can be carried out according to: Customer (location) priority Product priority Order type Due date Prioritized Demands 1. item type sales document. stock / receipt / demand / forecast categories. prioritization occurs on a first come. first-served basis by due date. order / MRP element number. material staging date. 3. m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-121 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. 9.erpdown. Note: If no priorities are set.Demand Prioritization Priority 1 2 3 Order KAUF KAUF forecast Date 1. 5. Define your demand selection in the CTM profile. 2001 1. You can simulate demand prioritization and check the results. 11. The sort within a prioritization criterion can be descending. location. due date and the defined priorities. (Multilevel Supply & Demand Matching > Planning > Planning CTM > Demands tab) or (Multilevel Supply & Demand Matching > Environment > Current Settings > Demand Prioritization > Sort Profile) w rp . ATP. ascending or user-defined. ATP. The sequence of the priority criteria is of great importance for processing demands in the CTM run. 4. ATP. product priority. 10.

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-122 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . 9. CTM complements SNP's multi-site supply chain planning strategies. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. 4. if you wish to remove this line. 3. Its purpose is to perform a quick check of production capacities and transportation capabilities based on a preprocessed set of categorized supplies and prioritized demands. w rp . 11. taking account of production capacities and transportation capabilities. Performing the CTM planning run in the SNP environment generates a mid-term production and distribution plan. 8. Multi-site capacity and transportation capability check 10.e w w o d . © SAP AG 2001 The CTM planning run is powered by the CTM engine. 5. which matches the prioritized demands to the available stock and receipts. 2. 7. Then it matches receipts and demands.CTM Results Categorized Supplies Capable-to-Match Prioritized Demands 1. 6.erpdown.

The Optimizer considers all constraints in the supply chain model that were activated in the optimizer profile. resources. w rp . The Optimizer compares alternative solutions for the incurred costs and proposes the best feasible solution based on constraints defined in the system. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.The Principle of the Optimizer Product requirements priorities. stock transfers and purchase requisitions The Optimizer uses linear programming to consider all relevant factors simultaneously as one problem. You use the control costs to also configure your priorities such as minimizing delays or minimizing on-hand stock. if you wish to remove this line.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . horizons l Constraints: l Customer priority l Product priority l Production capacity Simultaneous product and resource planning Optimizer l Storage capacity l Transportation capacity l Lot sizes l Safety stock Result: © SAP AG 2001 Feasible receipts: planned orders. the optimization problem becomes more complex and the time required to solve this problem increases.e w w o d . As more constraints are activated.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-123 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.erpdown.

e w w o d . production. transportation and storage. The storage costs make sure that procurement and production are carried out as late as possible. the result might be that due date constraints are violated or safety stocks are not filled. production. However.Aims of Optimization What should be optimized Costs .optimal Prerequisite: "real" variable costs or adequate estimate Non-delivery costs := Sales price + surcharge for customer loss/dissatisfaction Service level . The result of the optimization run is an optimal solution (minimum costs or maximum profit) taking account of planning-relevant transportation. You maintain high non-delivery costs (NC) and storage costs for the finished products via mass maintenance.optimal on this slide shows the simpler configuration made by the Optimizer.optimal Prerequisite: "simplified" costs accepted Non-delivery costs (NC) Storage costs Other costs (Control costs) © SAP AG 2001 Service level .erpdown. Costs . There are costs associated with such violations.optimal on this slide shows the more complex configuration made by the Optimizer. You model lost sales and customer dissatisfaction via delay and non-delivery costs. if you wish to remove this line. In this scenario the Optimizer uses the costs to determine the most cost-effective integrated solution. it is the least costly solution. << NC := << NC © SAP AG AP010 Preface-124 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Due dates and safety stocks are considered to be soft constraints.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. storage and handling constraints. The high non-delivery costs force the Optimizer to exhaust all possible procurement and production capacities to satisfy the demands. the solution is feasible.c n w m o := high := > 0. so the Optimizer only proposes this solution if. w rp . according to the costs specified in the system. You maintain realistic costs for procurement. In that sense.

c n w Where will the product be stored? How long will the product be stored? m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-125 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. is it less costly to deliver two days late or to produce three weeks early? The challenge with optimization is to properly define the relevant costs (for example. if you wish to remove this line. You can fine-tune the relative importance of different cost types via the cost profile. w rp .erpdown. cost of late delivery).Optimizer Decisions l l l Where will procurement take place? Where will production take place? When will production take place? What will be produced? Where will transportation take place? When will transportation take place? 30 Costs Penalty costs for late delivery l l l l © SAP AG 2001 The essence of optimization is finding the best feasible solution.e w w o d l .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . For example. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

erpdown. After the optimization run (or after the Heuristic run). and handling costs to propose a minimum cost solution that meets the respective constraints. CTM is a rules-based method with extensive prioritization capabilities and finite. however. The Optimizer considers transportation.c n w Demand at a location Dependent demand at loc. no information relating to connections between particular planned production orders and original sales orders can be determined (CTM can. provide such information via order tracing).SNP Strategies: Comparison (1) Heuristic: Optimizer: CTM: © SAP AG 2001 The Heuristic is a rapid infinite planning method that generates alerts when there is a material shortfall or resource overload. storage. global planning of production resources. w rp . Processing flow m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-126 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. if you wish to remove this line. there is no sequential processing in the determination of a solution. It uses linear programming to consider all relevant factors simultaneously as one problem. The Optimizer considers material and resource availability simultaneously.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . In other words. production. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. CTM is order-based planning that uses pegging methods to trace orders back to the individual requirement. The lack of pegging of orders back to the individual requirement has the following repercussions: In Supply Network Planning no order-based planning takes place.e w w o d .

e w w o d . This is just a rule of thumb. The quality of the heuristic planning result is poorest (infinite!). while the infinite planning result of CTM and the Heuristic can be postprocessed interactively. Production resources are considered globally and finitely by the Optimizer and CTM. CTM is in the middle and the Optimizer is the most complex and the slowest method. local 2.erpdown. Quota arrangements are used by the Heuristic and CTM. and you should expect the best result from the Optimizer that weighs up all possibilities of this algorithm. order and due date. There are product. storage and handling resources can be considered globally and finitely by the Optimizer. They can be optimized using the Optimizer. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Step. w rp . the performance of CTM and the Optimizer can be compared since planning in CTM is order-based. next comes CTM (rules). local + + Optimizer + global + global + + + Product/location creates CTM ¡ ¡ global + + - © SAP AG 2001 The performance of the three planning methods can be divided up roughly as follows: The Heuristic is the fastest method.SNP Strategies: Comparison (2) Heuristic Speed Quality Prod. All methods can plan all BOM levels automatically. Priorities control CTM. while the infinite planning result of the Heuristic must be postprocessed interactively. location. Costs are only relevant to the Optimizer.+ + m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-127 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Step. Transportation. if you wish to remove this line.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . resources Other resources Multi-level Costs Priority Quota arrangements + 2. If you plan a lot of orders per period and location product. procurement and stock transport priorities. You set priorities for the Optimizer via the penalty costs for late delivery and non-delivery of the location products.c n w Location / prod.

If the available quantities are not sufficient to meet the demand. Deployment and the TLB confirm the OLTP stock transport requisitions and can convert them into stock transport orders or VMI sales orders. If the produced and procured quantities as well as the demands match SNP planning. selection of carriers and generation of deliveries and transportations in the OLTP system. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Planning Process Planning Horizon Demand Planning Supply Network Planning Production Planning / Detailed Scheduling Firmed stock transport requisitions Forecast Recommended stock transport requisitions Planned orders Deployment Transport Load Builder © SAP AG 2001 Deployment determines which demands can be fulfilled by the existing supplies.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . such as route planning. Everything beyond this.erpdown. w rp .e w w o d . the result of deployment is a confirmation of the SNP plan. Via Customizing -> APO -> Supply Chain Planning -> Supply Network Planning (SNP) -> Basic Settings -> Configure Transfer to OLTP Systems you can configure if transfer should take place using deployment or the TLB. is planned in TP/VS (Transportation Planning and Vehicle Scheduling). the system makes the necessary adjustments according to whether you are executing the deployment heuristic or deployment optimization.c n w Stock transport order m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-128 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. if you wish to remove this line. Deployment and TLB are simply used to confirm stock transfers. The Transport Load Builder (TLB) then groups these confirmed quantities together into stock transport orders.

. If the available quantities are not sufficient to fulfill the demand. A variety of deployment strategies are used depending on the current situation (e. The deployment heuristic calculates a replenishment plan for a product in a delivery location. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. The deployment optimization run calculates a replenishment plan for a product in all locations within the network.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . the system uses minimum cost flow optimization to determine an optimum distribution plan for the whole network at once. the system uses push rules to determine the distribution plan. if you wish to remove this line. The Heuristic has a hierarchical view of the supply chain network: Deployment is always carried out from one delivery location to the receiving locations (DCs or customers). push deployment.g. pull-push deployment. Deployment optimization works like SNP optimization except that the production and procurement quantities are not changed. If on the other hand supply exceeds demand. the system determines the distribution plan based on fair share rules. w rp . fair share. If the available quantities are not sufficient to fulfill the demand or supply exceeds demand. It produces optimized distribution plans based on constraints (such as transportation capacities) and business rules (such as minimum cost approach. Deployment optimization has the integrated view of the receipt situation of all delivery locations and the demand situation of the receiving locations.erpdown.e w w o d .Deployment: Heuristic versus Optimization l Heuristic Started for one plant Product by product Heuristic l Optimization Focus on network Product by product Coverage maximization Cost-based optimization Optimization © SAP AG 2001 The deployment function in SNP determines how and when inventory should be deployed to distribution centers. and minimum cost flow optimization). Fair share and push rules are defined in the deployment profile. customers. and vendor-managed inventory (VMI) accounts.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-129 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. or replenishment strategies).

e w w o d . If demand is less than supply or excess inventory exists. if you wish to remove this line. l Fair Share Proportional allocation according to demands Proportional allocation according to target stock level Quota arrangements Plant DC1 DC2 l Push deployment Based on future demands Quota arrangements © SAP AG 2001 There are several deployment and allocation strategies: fair share. pull-push deployment. push deployment. Set the pull horizon on the demand profile. surplus stock can be distributed according to push logic. If demand exceeds supply. When excess inventory exists. the demand horizon restricts the future demands that can be delivered early. use a push strategy to be able to transfer stock as early as possible.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. w rp .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-130 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. set the push horizon on the supply profile.Deployment Deployment adjusts the stock transfers for short-term changes on both the supply and demand side (distribution detailed planning).erpdown. and minimum cost flow optimization. For pull/push deployment rules. use a fair share allocation.

Receipts (ATR) are. so the 400 units are distributed using the defined fair share rule A. the demand exceeds the remaining quantity in the plant.01. stock.2001 Detailed requirements per DC: DC1 DC2 200 600 Deployment Results 05. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. 1000 units are available in the plant for distribution.c n w 100 500 100 300 m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-131 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. purchase orders.2001 07.01.erpdown.01. The stock transfer for the current demand from DC1 can be confirmed. You configure the category groups in Customizing and assign them to the locations.2001 07. etc.Deployment Result: Fair Share Rule A Date: ATD Quantity: 1000 900 400 Supply Requirements: 100 (DC1) 500 (DC2) 800 (DC1+2) Demand Today 05. w rp .2001 © SAP AG 2001 Plant to DC1 Plant to DC 2 Plant to DC 1 Plant to DC 2 The slide shows the result of a deployment heuristic using the fair share rule A that is issued after planning in the background: Today.e w w o d .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .01.01. You use the ATD (Available to deploy) quantity to describe the quantity that is determined in the delivering plant for distribution and according to ATP rules.2001 06.2001 07. etc. production orders.2001 06. if you wish to remove this line.01.01. Issues (ATI) are reservations. The day after tomorrow. The stock transfer for tomorrow can also be confirmed. for instance.

if you wish to remove this line.transportation zone). you can build transport orders manually You can create transportation zones for the TLB or transfer them from R/3.e w w o d . use one truck to deliver orders to several locations).erpdown. You can group several locations together using transportation zones (and thereby create a zone). Use the input help (F4) in the Loc. You then assign the relevant locations in the hierarchy master to this transportation zone (choose Master Data -> Hierarchy).c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-132 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. w rp . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.type field of the location master and choose 1005 . You can thereby consolidate your transportation capabilities (for example. (From the APO Easy Access menu choose Master Data -> Location. TLB orders for several locations are regarded as one order for a large location.Transport Load Builder Collective conversion of stock transport requisitions into stock transport orders in R/3 Objective: l Grouped according to Products (transportation planner) Time (pull-in horizon) Transportation zones l Ensures that minimum requirements are met for: Volume Weight Number of pallets © SAP AG 2001 The primary purpose of the Transport Load Builder (TLB) is to use the results of the deployment run (single product transport recommendations) to create multi-product transport orders in a time period for a transportation zone.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . although individual purchase orders do actually exist for separate locations. It should be ensured that: Ÿ The transportation methods are filled to maximum capacity Ÿ No transportation method is dispatched that is not filled to minimum capacity Ÿ For stock transport orders that could not be satisfied during the TLB run due to specified constraints. you create a location as a transportation zone in the location master. If you want to use transportation zones. You can display these location hierarchies in the TLB interactive planning shuffler.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. you can view transport orders generated automatically by TLB for a specific day.e w w o d 2 . if you wish to remove this line.erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . you can manually create transport orders that are planned for later shipment and ship them early in order to build a full truck load. w rp .c n w 3 m o Days © SAP AG AP010 Preface-133 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.Building Consolidated Loads Full truck (best price) Half-full truck Minimum capacity 1 © SAP AG 2001 In the Interactive Planning table for the TLB. If the load does not meet the minimum capacity requirements specified for a full transport load within the specified pull-in horizon.

com 全面的ERP资源下载 .Supply Network Planning: Unit Summary You are now able to l l l l l Describe the Supply Network Planning distribution network Explain the Supply Network Planning process flow Identify master data that is required to run Supply Network Planning Describe and compare Supply Network Planning planning methods Explain the function of deployment © SAP AG 2001 w rp . if you wish to remove this line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-134 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d .erpdown.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.w rp . if you wish to remove this line.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-135 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.erpdown.

you will be able to: • Open interactive planning in SNP.Product once again. Verify that there are now values in the Total receipts row. run the heuristic and view the capacity situation for a resource Once a forecast has been generated at Precision Pump Company. In the next row. under “Show”. Open the selection window and. enter APO .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . and on the right-hand side enter your product T-F2##.e w w o d . 1-2 w Look at the future periods and check if the planned independent requirements you released for the distribution centers 2400 and 2500 and the plant 1000 are displayed. the Logistics Planner uses the SNP heuristic to create a rough distribution plan and checks for capacity overloads at the production plants. Make sure that no distributed demands and production orders exist for the production plants 1000 and 2300. Which plants are supplying the receipts?_______________ © SAP AG AP010 Preface-136 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Version 000 is already displayed automatically.erpdown. 1-1 Open interactive planning of Supply Network Planning. if you wish to remove this line.Exercises Unit: Supply Network Planning Topic: Interactive Planning At the conclusion of this exercise. select “APO Location product”. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Analyze in which key figure the planned independent requirements are shown.c n w m o 1-3 Run the network heuristic and check the situation for your product T-F2## for the distribution center 2400. rp . Load the data for the product at location 2400 into the planning table.

Open the selection window and. when do the violations occur?____________________ 1-5 Run optimization for your product T-F2## at all locations. Is there any capacity overload for these resources?_________ If so. and on the right-hand side enter your resources WT-L##*. Check the capacity situation again. Load all location products with product T-F2## into the planning table. Load the data for a resource into the planning table sequentially.1-4 Check the capacity situation for resources WT-L##_1000_001 and WT-L##_2300_001 in the Capacity View.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-137 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. w rp . If there are any capacity overloads.e w w o d . under “Show”. 1-6 Check if the receipts have been transferred to the connected R/3 System. enter “APO Resource” once again. Start the Optimizer with the optimizer profile DISCRETE and the cost profile MASTER. Log on to the R/3 System and call the stock/requirements list for your product T_F2## in plant 1000.erpdown. if you wish to remove this line. Switch data views by dragging the grey bar upwards on the left and double-clicking on data view SNP94(2) “CAPACITY CHECK”. Version 000 is already displayed automatically. In the next row. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. run “Capacity Leveling”. select “APO Resource”.

you will be able to: • Describe deployment’s functionality and how it is used in APO Precision Pump’s products are distributed to their distribution centers and customers on a daily basis. Deployment checks the quantity that is available in the next few days for distribution and confirms stock transports that can be made.Unit: Supply Network Planning Topic: Deployment At the conclusion of this optional exercise. Reduce SNP transport orders. The horizons in the training system are not realistic. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-138 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line.erpdown. Write down the result of the deployment run: _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ Field Name Version Input Data 000 9ASNP94 SNP94(1) 1000 T-F2## 100 w rp . But in the course we cannot wait until the orders reach the short-term horizon. In practice. 1-1* Run deployment for the location 1000 for the next 100 days using mass processing.c n w m o Deployment horizon in days If you select Orders: Do not change the system will not change the SNP transport orders.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w Planning book Data view Location Product o d . deployment is used to confirm stock transports for the next few days.

w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-139 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. if you wish to remove this line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.e w w o d .

if you wish to remove this line.erpdown. Ensure that demand is displayed. Only forecasts outside of the forecast horizon contribute to the total demand. rp . Open the selection window and. Display the weeks in the next month and you will see the quantities in the key figure “Total demand”. dependent demand. Version 000 is already displayed automatically. Double-click on the “Total demand” row. Select “Adopt”. and your selection will be adopted by the selection window. Double-click on your product T-F2## for the plant 1000. Analyze in which key figure the planned independent requirements are shown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Double-click on your product T-F2## for the distribution center 2500. select “APO Location product”. All six key figures (forecast. Load the data for the product at location 2400 into the planning table. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Double-click on your product T-F2## for the distribution center 2400. In the next row. under “Show”. and on the right-hand side enter your product T-F2##. The data for this selection is now displayed in the planning table. enter APO . under “Show”. Open the selection window and.e w w o d . 1-2 w Look at the future periods and check if the planned independent requirements you released for the distribution centers 2400 and 2500 and the plant 1000 are displayed. sales order. Make sure that no distributed demands and production orders exist for the production plants 1000 and 2300. The released data is displayed in the key figure "Forecast". Version 000 is already displayed automatically. enter APO -Product once again. Forecasts are displayed but no production quantities and distributed demand.Solutions Unit: Supply Network Planning Topic: Interactive Planning 1-1 Open interactive planning of Supply Network Planning. Supply Network Planning → Planning → Interactive Supply Network Planning The selection window is the second icon in the top left.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-140 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. In the next row. select “APO Location product”. distributed demands) contribute to the total demand.Product once again. and on the right-hand side enter your product T-F2##.

select “Capacity leveling”. if you wish to remove this line. “Capacity leveling by backward scheduling”.erpdown. “Time-based capacity leveling w/o priority rule”. under “Show”. Is there any capacity overload for these resources?_________ w If so.e w w o d . Right-click on this key figure and select “Display details” to display the receipts from the plants in the lower window.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-141 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.1-3 Run the network heuristic and check the situation for your product T-F2## for the distribution center 2400. Save the result and select again. rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Version 000 is already displayed automatically. The production plants 1000 and 2300 supply the distribution center 2400 according to the quota arrangement for the product T-F2##. select “APO Resource”. If capacity overloads occur. enter “APO – Resource” once again. Double-click on your product T-F2## for the distribution center 2400. run “Capacity Leveling”. Load the data for a resource into the planning table sequentially. Double-click on your resource in the selection window to load data for the resource into the planning table. The stock transports created by the heuristic are displayed in the key figure “DistrReceipt (Planned)”. Which plants are supplying the receipts?_______________ Click on the Heuristic (network) button to run the heuristic. “Ignore firmed quantity”. and on the right-hand side enter your resources WT-L##*. Switch data views by dragging the grey bar upwards on the left and double-clicking on data view SNP94(2) “CAPACITY CHECK”. Verify that there are now values in the Total receipts row. If there are any capacity overloads. The aggregated available resource is calculated from the available capacity per workday. when do the violations occur?____________________ Double-click on the data view SNP94(2) “CAPACITY CHECK”. 1-4 Check the capacity situation for resources WT-L##_1000_001 and WT-L##_2300_001 in the Capacity View. In the next row. Open the selection window and. “Maximum load as a % :100%”. Double-click on the “Total receipts” row.

under “Show”. w rp . for example. Check the capacity situation again.e w w o d .1-5 Run optimization for your product T-F2## at all locations. In the next row. enter APO -Product once again. The SNP planned orders and releases for the stock transport requisitions are in R/3.erpdown. Log on to the R/3 System and call the stock/requirements list for your product T_F2## in plant 1000. if you wish to remove this line.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-142 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Press the “Select all” symbol above the selection window and load the data by pressing the “Load data” symbol. Select “Adopt”. Start the optimization run by pressing the “Optimizer” symbol. 1-6 Check if the receipts have been transferred to the connected R/3 System. Now you can check the resource loads again. select “APO Location product”. Start the Optimizer with the optimizer profile DISCRETE and the cost profile MASTER. and on the right-hand side enter your product T-F2##. select the green arrow BACK to return to the planning table. Open the selection window and.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . The planned independent requirements are not transferred back via CIF but via mass processing in Demand Planning. Version 000 is already displayed automatically. Double-click on the data view SNP94(1) “SNP PLAN”. the resulting costs are displayed. SAP standard menu → Logistics → Production → MRP → Evaluations → Stock/Reqmts List Enter your product T-F2## and the plant 1000. When you have analyzed the costs. and your selection will be adopted by the selection window. and confirm. When the Optimizer has finished the calculation. Enter DISCRETE for the optimizer profile and MASTER for the cost profile and press “Execute”. Load all location products with product T-F2## into the planning table. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-143 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.w rp .erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line.

But in the course we cannot wait until the orders reach the short-term horizon. Reduce SNP transport orders. if you wish to remove this line. In practice.erpdown.e w w Deployment horizon in days o d 100 1000 T-F2## .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . © SAP AG AP010 Preface-144 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Write down the result of the deployment run: _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ Supply Network Planningà Planning à SNP in the Background à Deployment Field Name Version Planning book Data view Location Product Input Data 000 9ASNP94 SNP94(1) Select “Orders: Reduce”. The horizons in the training system are not realistic. deployment is used to confirm stock transports for the next few days. and “Log”. w rp .c n w m o If you select Orders: Do not change the system will not change the SNP transport orders.Unit: Supply Network Planning Topic: Deployment 1-1* Run deployment for the location 1000 for the next 100 days using mass processing.

e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line.erpdown.Production Planning / Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS) Contents: l Consumption of planning by sales orders for forecastcontrolled products in make-to-stock and make-to-order production Simultaneous material and capacity requirements planning at operation level in the production plant Tools for production planning and production scheduling Schedule optimization in PP/DS Transfer of planning results to the execution system l l l l © SAP AG 2001 w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-145 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

com 全面的ERP资源下载 .Course Objectives At the conclusion of this course. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-146 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d .erpdown. you will be able to l l l l l Describe how sales orders consume planning in make-to-stock and make-to-order production Use simultaneous material and capacity requirements planning at operation level Use the production planning and production scheduling tools Describe schedule optimization in PP/DS Transfer the planning results to the execution system © SAP AG 2001 w rp .

Course Overview Diagram 1 Course Overview 2 Integration and Technology 3 Modelling and Evaluation in APO 4 Demand Planning 5 Supply Network Planning 6 Scheduling 6 7 Transportation Planning 9 Conclusion Production Planning/Detailed 8 Global Available-to-Promise © SAP AG 2001 w rp .e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o 6 © SAP AG AP010 Preface-147 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.

Business Scenario l In Demand Planning. a demand planning forecast was generated and transferred to the distribution center as planned independent requirements.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-148 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. if you wish to remove this line.erpdown. the production quantities and capacities must be planned in the production plant.e w w o d . l © SAP AG 2001 w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . After SNP has transferred the requirements via the stock transfer to the production plant. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

multi-level. an exception message can be generated or the order is not moved at finished product level. the system starts a single-level planning run for this product for each change made that is relevant to planning (for example. it may be that orders were generated whose order sequence is not optimum. and stock transfers in a production plant at operation level: Fast generation of feasible plans Immediate and automatic planning (for example. ª ª ª ª ª ª ª ª Consideration of restrictions in planning (for example. a prerequisite for material staging by shift) Dynamic exception messages in real-time and based on order linking (pegging) across the whole supply chain Multi-level capacity requirements planning possible: automatic. length . the system searches for a new date. finished-product level. you can change the sequence and resource assignment of existing orders in the optimization run.Production Planning & Detailed Scheduling in APO: Advantages ª Simultaneous material and capacity requirements planning for in-house production. for example.erpdown. supplier capacity) Schedule optimization (order sequencing. a new sales order). etc. external procurement. there is not enough capacity at that time for the assembly orders. Planning with exact times: Dependent requirements and orders are created with a time.close integration with plant Planning with exact times. taking the capacity situation into account.. the operation can be rescheduled at alternative resources (maintained in the PPM).com 全面的ERP资源下载 . moving assembly orders can have an effect on finished product orders.) © SAP AG 2001 Simultaneous material and capacity requirements planning: You can define resources as finite resources in the resource master (resources critical for planning). At the same time (immediately) a multi-level ATP check is performed for the product and for the assembly/components for which automatic planning immediately is defined.e w w o d . If. Schedule optimization: During planning. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. w rp . lead time. In the other direction. Automatic planning immediately: If you set this indicator for a product (PP/DS tab in the product master). operations of orders are only created if there is enough capacity available for the order quantity on the order date. even for dependent requirements (for example. bidirectional propagation of order changes Planning of alternative resources Available capacity: time. you can specify that the system is to automatically move the assembly orders. Therefore. volumn. Bi-directional propagation of order changes: If you make time-related changes to orders at. If there is not enough capacity available. however.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-149 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. At these resources.. if you wish to remove this line. Planning alternative resources: If not enough capacity is available at a resource. to trigger production from the plant) .

but also period aggregated planning (if desired). Requirements for a defined bucket (for example.c n w m o Ÿ PP/DS is used for short-term planning in which orders must be scheduled to the minute and order sequences must be taken into account (sequence planning and optimization). Orders that are in the production horizon and thus planned by PP/DS are still displayed in SNP as aggregated requirements for the defined bucket. the production horizon is used to separate the areas of responsibility for these two planning functions: Ÿ Supply Network Planning is used for medium-term to long-term planning across the whole logistics chain (especially if several plants and distribution centers are available).com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. change Create. In this case. w rp . it is no longer planned in the SNP planning run. determines source of supply © SAP AG 2001 If you decide to plan using both Supply Network Planning (SNP) and Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS). Since you create separate PPMs for SNP (which are usually copied from PP/DS-PPMs). Furthermore. change Receipts Create. for example. however. day) are aggregated.erpdown. change SNP Create. only orders within the production horizon are created. but rather in the production planning run in PP/DS. if you wish to remove this line. orders cannot be created or changed in the production horizon. change Order 4712 Today 50 Mo Reqmts in plant Order 4713 100 Order 4714 40 Order 4715 210 Tu Order 4716 160 We Order 4717 35 Th Time Production horizon (per product) l l l Capacities and material are planned based on exact times (to the second) Consideration of order sequences Optimizer: Can optimize the sequence of existing orders and operations l l l Capacities are planned in time bucket profiles in an aggregated manner Order sequences not considered Optimizer: Optimizes lot sizes. As soon as a requirement is within the production horizon. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-150 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Orders can be manually created or changed in PP/DS across the complete time axis. During automatic planning (the production planning run) in PP/DS. Order sequences play no role in the time area of SNP planning.Interaction Between SNP and PP/DS PP/DS Create. you can describe production at these bucket resources. it is irrelevant whether a requirement is in an early shift or late shift since the requirements are only roughly planned. In SNP. the available capacity of a whole warehouse. and even the time positions of breaks are not taken into account. You can define bucket resources to be used for SNP which can represent. irrespective of the production horizon. you are not only able to perform time aggregated planning in SNP.e w w o d .

the orders are still displayed as aggregated requirements in SNP. the SNP order is no longer planned by SNP. Production process models are created (the SNP-PPM can be copied from PP/DS-PPM. an order is created in Supply Network Planning using the production process model defined in SNP. which is generated via the R/3-APO interface from the R/3 routing/BOM). Bucket resources (used only in SNP) or mixed resources (which can be used both in PP/DS and SNP-PPM) are planned in Supply Network Planning.c n w Create again Scheduling according to the PPM for PP/DS m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-151 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . background conversion is available in the PP/DS menu. The conversion creates the order again in PP/DS using the production process model defined there. w rp . Orders are aggregated for each defined bucket.e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line.erpdown. As soon as the start date of the order enters the production horizon. The production horizon can be defined in Customizing for Supply Chain Planning. This definition takes priority over the Customizing definition. The SNP order must be converted into a PP/DS order so it can be planned by PP/DS. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Display Global Parameters and Default Values. the aggregated requirements are displayed in SNP as planned production. in the IMG activity. After the conversion in PP/DS. To do this. The production horizon is defined as a number of days from the current day into the future in which PP/DS is to be used to plan. You may also define a production horizon for each product per location in the product master. which can be used to schedule periodically. Before the conversion.Interaction Between SNP and PP/DS (2) SNP Production horizon 100 Today Create Scheduling according to the PPM for SNP Production horizon 100 Today PP/DS Delete Production horizon 100 Today PP/DS © SAP AG 2001 In this graphic.

erpdown. for example. based on a forecast. In this case.e w w o d . You could produce the subordinate assembly. plan production or purchasing based on a forecast and then cover the sales orders from the stock. you may not start production or purchasing.c n w Customer m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-152 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Some requirements strategies support make-to-order production. until a sales order has been received. A requirements strategy specifies a possible procedure for material planning. for example. You could. if you wish to remove this line. Some requirements strategies support a combination of make-to-stock and make-to-order production. Planned independent requirements and sales orders are independent requirements. reqmts Sales order Quantity Date ? ? Production / Purchasing l © SAP AG 2001 How does SAP process independent requirements? A requirement is the quantity of a material required at a certain time in a plant. Some requirements strategies support make-to-stock production.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . You would not start the final assembly until a sales order is received. for example. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Independent requirements do not refer to the requirements of other materials.Requirements Strategies Requirements strategies Quantity 100 Date 05/10 SD Planned indep. w rp .

Make-to-stock production of assemblies by planning at finished product level. but final assembly is not triggered until the sales order is received. Final assembly takes place in make-to-stock or make-to-order production.Requirements Strategies l l Make-to-stock production of the finished product by planning at the finished product level Sales order-related final assembly: Make-to-stock production of assemblies by planning at assembly level. you can combine requirements strategies. without planning © SAP AG 2001 Requirements strategies represent the business procedure for planning production quantities and dates. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-153 w rp . final assembly in make-to-stock or make-toorder production when sales orders are received. A wide variety of requirements strategies are available offering a number of different possibilities for planning. ranging from make-to-order production to make-to-stock production.e w w o d . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. • Make-to-order production only.erpdown. This allows you to plan a finished product with a requirements strategy for make-to-stock production as well as plan an important assembly that is also sold as a spare part. if you can plan more easily at component level.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Final assembly in make-to-stock or make-to-order production. but final assembly is not triggered until the sales order is received. The planning strategies available for a material can be found in APO Customizing for Master Data (in step Determine Requirements Strategies). Final assembly takes place in make-to-stock or make-to-order production. You can assign a requirements strategy to a material in the Requirements strategy field. l Make-to-order production only. without planning the finished product or the components Furthermore. if you wish to remove this line. • Stocking up of assemblies by planning at finished product level. Depending on the strategy you select. you have the following options: • Make-to-stock production based on sales orders and/or planned independent requirements at finished product level • Planning specifically for the assembly.c n w m o Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Each requirements strategy contains important control parameters for the consumption of sales orders (or dependent requirements) and planning.

Ÿ In external procurement. reqmts Planned order Convert Production order Process order In-house production © SAP AG 2001 Purchase requisition Convert Plnd order for repetitive man. agree. del. Sched. The planned requirements quantities trigger planning (in consumption-based planning. planned orders are converted to production orders. For this. When planning is complete. When planning is complete. the purchase requisition is converted to an order. the system generates a purchase requisition for planning external procurement quantities. if you wish to remove this line. for example. Planned ind. scheduling agreement delivery schedules can also be generated directly during the production planning run. Ÿ In the case of in-house production the system creates planned order for planning production quantities.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . in-house production or external procurement must be triggered. schedule External procurement Execution m o Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. If a material exists for a scheduling agreement. schedule Material requirements planning deals with current and future requirements. agree. If the production planning run discovers shortage quantities. procurement proposals are generated: purchase requisitions and planned orders are internal planning elements which can be changed.Overview of the Complete Production Planning Run Process Planning Dependent requirements Product planning run Sales orders. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. rescheduled or deleted at any time. sales orders.c n w Order Sched. Dependent requirements for the planned order are converted to reservations for the production order. del. dependent requirements. for example. Requirements elements for material requirements planning are.erpdown. When planning is complete. planned independent requirements. Ÿ Planned orders are converted to production orders if you are working with discrete manufacturing (order-based production) Ÿ Planned orders are converted to process orders if you are working with process manufacturing Ÿ Planned orders are used as a basis for production if you are working with repetitive manufacturing (period-based instead of order-based) Ÿ Purchase requisitions are converted to purchase orders © SAP AG AP010 Preface-154 w rp . planning is triggered when the reorder point is not reached).e w w o d .

com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Time Elements in Scheduling Operations Start date Availability date End date Finished product Stock transfer to a different plant Assembly of a different plant 10 GI processing time 10 20 30 GR processing time GR processing time 10 20 10 GR processing time GR processing time Time © SAP AG 2001 When the lot size of the planned order has been determined and the PPM has been exploded. the production planning run calculates the dates of the planned orders. if you wish to remove this line.e w w w o . The system assumes material staging according to component assignments in the PPM to the operations in the PPM. The dependent requirement dates of the BOM components are moved to the production start dates of the operations to which they are assigned. The dependent requirement dates of the planned orders are moved to the dates of the assigned operations (PPM). w d rp .erpdown.c n Reqmts date m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-155 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. A material order appropriate for the operation is then possible.

for example) triggers production directly: If it triggers an order for in-house production. the requirement (the sales order or dependent requirement. the system uses simultaneous material and capacity requirements planning to find a date on which the planned order can be created.e w w o d . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.. At these resources. If the capacities are already exhausted on the desired date. infinite planning . operations of orders are only created if there is enough capacity available for the order quantity on the order date. Ÿ Maintain the strategy profile with which you want to trigger the scheduling of planned orders in planning under Global Settings in Customizing for PP/DS.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . according to PPM Sales order with desired date and quantity Confirmed qty/date Resource 3 (finite) Resource 2 (infinite) 10 20 30 30 20 Resource 1 (finite) 10 Today Raw material © SAP AG 2001 Delivery time Delivery time If a product is not available. You use the strategy profile to define how the system is to schedule (search for a slot. APO creates a planned order for the desired quantity in PP/DS.Production Planning Run Overview: Simultaneous Material and Capacity Requirements Planning Resource availability Available Occupied 1st Loading attempt Final loading Uninterruptible operation. All of the operations of the PPM are scheduled at the resources of the PPM. Prerequisite: Ÿ Maintain resources critical to planning as finite resources in the resource master. in the Strategy profile field.. if you wish to remove this line. and the system takes the capacity restrictions into account (available capacity and orders that may have already been scheduled). The default strategy profile in the delivery system is SAP002 (search for a slot backward). w rp .c n w Possible ALERTS: Resource Overload Supplier-supplier time violated Supplier-resource overload m o Time © SAP AG AP010 Preface-156 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.).erpdown.

Res01 Res02 Res03 Res. w rp . if you wish to remove this line. You can define the layout of the planning board.Detailed Scheduling Planning Board Table area Column heading Lines Resource chart Diagram area Res. The planning board is used for interactive planning. for example: Operations or orders (graphical objects) Histograms (product stock curves or resource load curves) Network views of operations and orders that display the time and pegging relationships between operations and orders Ÿ The layout of operations and orders in the diagram section. type P P P Short 03/15/1999 descrip22 00 02 04 06 08 10 12 14 16 18 tion 20 22 03/16/1999 00 02 04 06 08 Loc 01 Loc 01 Loc 02 Order Chart Chart objects OrderNo 000001294 000001335 000001357 Products 22 03/15/1999 00 02 04 06 08 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 03/16/1999 00 02 04 06 08 P P P Product histogram Product Product 01 Order No: 000001294 300 200 100 22 03/15/1999 00 02 04 06 08 10 12 14 Message bar © SAP AG 2001 Graphical object (operation.e w w o d .erpdown.c n w 16 18 20 22 03/16/1999 00 02 04 06 08 m o Different charts © SAP AG AP010 Preface-157 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. for example: Ÿ The different charts (such as a resource chart and an order chart): Ÿ The field selection and sorting for the columns in the table section of a chart Ÿ The format of the rows in the table section Ÿ The objects displayed in the diagram section of a chart. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. for example. for interactive processing and dealing with Alerts.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . order) Schedules are displayed graphically in the planning board. You can call the planning board directly from the Production Planning/Detailed Scheduling menu or from order processing.

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-158 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. The following parameters can be taken into account in optimization: • Total lead time (from the start of the first operation to the end of the last operation in a schedule within the optimization horizon). The total lead time makes a statement about the compactness of the orders within the optimization horizon. minimum setup times) as possible.e w w o d . • Sum of setup times • Sum of setup costs • Maximum delay costs (maximum delay of an order compared to its requirements or due date).com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown. • Sum of delay costs (delay compared to requirements or due dates) • Sum of mode costs w rp . The optimizer does not create or delete orders. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line.Optimization Concept in PP/DS l Optimization: Change of production dates/sequences and resource assignments of existing operations/activities with regard to the following criteria (no creation or deletion of orders): W1* Total lead time + + + + + Objective function = © SAP AG 2001 W2* Sum of setup times W3* Sum of setup costs W4* Maximum delay costs W5* Sum of delay costs MINIMUM W6* Sum of mode costs Use: Optimization allows you to optimize the production dates/sequences and the resource assignment of existing operations/activities which were generated by the production planning run or manual planning. Several optimization parameters (such as setup times. The purpose of optimization is to generate feasible production plans and increase the efficiency of production. due date violations) can be weighted in such a way that the optimized schedule comes as close to the desired results (for example.

D Optimization range © SAP AG 2001 When you call up optimization you set the optimization horizon (start and end) and the start date for the optimized schedule. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.erpdown. The optimized schedule is. Earliest start date for the optimized schedule: Before the optimization.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . The optimized schedule is. whether and how far these activities can be rescheduled during optimization. However. adjusted to accommodate the fixed activities.Optimization Window: Time and Resources Start Earliest start for optimized schedule End Resource A Resource B Resource C Resource D Resource E Non-working times Fixed operations Operations. In particular. The optimization function reschedules orders and operations that are: Ÿ Completely within the optimization horizon (defined by a start and an end date) Ÿ Not fixed Ÿ At resources which were transferred to optimization If you have selected resources in the planning board. You cannot enter an earliest start date that lies in the past. therefore. if you wish to remove this line.c n w m o Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. adjusted to accommodate the fixed orders and operations. you specify the earliest date on which the optimization function can schedule the activities. only these selected resources are transferred to the optimizer. Activities outside of the optimization window are fixed during optimization. therefore. the fixed activities determine by their relationships to the non-fixed activities in the optimization range. that may be rescheduled Relationships Transferred resources: B. C.e w w o d . The system does not change planning outside of the optimization window during planning. If you have not selected any resources in the planning board. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-159 w rp . The relationships of the fixed orders and operations to the non-fixed orders and operations determine if and by how much these orders and operations can be shifted during optimization. the system can only reschedule an activity to alternative resources during optimization when these resources are included in the resource selection for optimization. the system transfers the resources that you specified in the work area for the planning board and the optimizer.

c n w C m o Time Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Prerequisites: • You have modeled the single resources and the operations that are processed at these resources exactly as with the setup time adjustment (see the unit Simultaneous Material and Capacity Requirements Planning). Scope of function: In the objective function. hours or minutes) in the setup matrix. the system uses the value of 600 (seconds) in the objective function. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-160 w rp . a setup duration of 10 minutes in the setup matrix.erpdown. You must consider this relationship between setup times and setup costs when defining the objective function. If you enter. for example. then for B and C Setup time Setup time C A A B Optimization result (with light weighting of delays) A O p tim u m s e tu p tim e A Setup time B Setup time Optimization result (without weighting of delays) © SAP AG 2001 Use: You can optimize the schedule for single resources based on the sum of the setup times and sum of the setup costs. In the objective function. that is. The system uses the setup duration in seconds in the objective function. the system interprets the values for the setup times and setup costs from the setup matrix as follows: • You enter the setup time in a unit of your choice (for example. the setup costs with a value of 10 correspond to a setup duration of 10 seconds.e w w o d . for example. the value 10 for the setup costs in the setup matrix. If you enter. if you wish to remove this line. when specifying the weighting for the setup times and the setup costs. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. • You enter the setup costs without unit of measurement in the setup matrix.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . the system uses the value of 10 to calculate in the objective function.Optimization: Sum of Setup Times/Setup Costs Setup times at paint shop Prod. the system directly uses the value entered in the setup matrix. The system determines sequence dependent setup times and setup costs from the setup matrix (which can only be maintained for single resources). A B C A 0 30 30 A Setup times in minutes B 10 0 25 C Setup time C 20 Product B: yellow color 15 Product C: blue color 0 Requirements time B A Product A: white color C Setup time A B Setup time A Operations of products A to C at paint shop according to schedule (starting situation for optimization): planned orders for A were created first. Important: In the objective function. • You strongly weighted the setup times or the setup costs in the objective function.

you have maintained an opening period for each product at the location level.c n Orders m o Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. location. You can convert planned orders and purchase requistions in one of the following two ways: Ÿ Individually in interactive planning: In the product view and the product planning table. The opening period. where the conversion will be automatically triggered.Conversion to Fixed Procurement Elements Individual conversion Individual conversion Planned order Production order Purchase requisition Order Collective conversion Collective conversion Planned orders Production orders Purchase requisitions © SAP AG 2001 You can trigger the conversion of planned orders and purchase requisitions to production orders or orders directly in APO. The opening period is a number of workdays starting from the current date. production planner and the offset for the opening period. the orders to be converted are transferred to the R/3 System. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-161 w d rp . Ÿ Using mass conversion and selection criteria (Choose Production Planning -> Manufacturing Execution -> Conversion of Orders/Purchase Requisitions): You can set the conversion indicators for a large number of orders or for several products. Prerequisites: On the PP/DS tab in the product master. The APO System only sets the conversion indicators for orders whose order start dates are within this period. The converted orders are sent back to the APO System with a new ATP category. you can select orders to be converted and then choose Set conversion indicator. if you wish to remove this line. The orders are transferred to the OLTP system and converted automatically. If a planned order is converted to a production order. controls which orders are to be converted.e w w w o . When you save the planning results. The converted orders are sent back to the APO System with a different ATP category (purchase requisition to purchase order). which is defined in the product master on the PP/DS tab. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. The opening period is used both for in-house production orders and external procurement orders.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . the dependent requirements of the components are converted to reservations. You set the conversion indicator in APO for the orders you want to convert.erpdown. You can restrict the selection of orders to be converted by entering the product.

com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-162 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.w rp . if you wish to remove this line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.erpdown.

The related dependent requirements (material components) and any capacity requirements are redirected to the newly created production order. The R/3 System decides whether a production order or a process order is to be generated for the product. The dependent requirements become reservations. the order type in R/3 determines whether it is a production order or a process order. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. This date is based on the opening period defined in the R3 material master (SchedMargin key field). Planned orders whose creation dates are in the past are automatically selected too. w rp . As soon as the creation date of a planned order is passed on to a time horizon selected in mass conversion.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-163 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d External procurement . if you wish to remove this line. The time interval (offset time) entered in mass conversion is always valid as of today's date. When the planned order is converted to a production order or process order.Mass Conversion . it can be converted in mass conversion. creation date. In in-house production. the MRP group in the R/3 material master.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . The order type is taken (in the sequence of highest priority) from the production scheduling profile in the R/3 material master. Planned orders are usually converted to production orders (in-house production). The opening period from the SchedMargin key of the R/3 material master is transferred to the APO product master in the R/3 APO interface (Opening field in the Horizons group box). the planned order is deleted.erpdown. and the plant parameters in R/3-Customizing. purchase requisitions to purchase orders (external procurement). The creation date is the date on which a planned order is to be converted to a production order or a purchase requisition to an order.Time-Based Offset time Purchase requisition Opening period Planned order Planning Production finish Creation date Production start Planned orders and purchase requisitions Today x days later Time Production orders/ process orders Order header Operations Orders Material components Prod uction resour ce/tool Costs PlanK P lnd Actual 100 20 50 © SAP AG 2001 In-house production APO orders contain three dates: production start. production finish.

erpdown.e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-164 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . if you wish to remove this line.Production Planning / Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS): Unit Summary You are now able to l l l l l Describe how sales orders consume planning in maketo-stock and make-to-order production Use simultaneous material and capacity requirements planning at operation level Use the tools for production planning and production scheduling Describe schedule optimization in PP/DS Transfer the planning results to the execution system © SAP AG 2001 w rp . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-165 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. if you wish to remove this line.w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.erpdown.e w w o d .

Rather. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-166 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.c n w m o Your task is to plan material availability in plant 1000 in Hamburg. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. o d . Therefore.Exercises Unit: Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling At the conclusion of these exercises.e w w In Demand Planning. the production quantities and capacities must be planned in the production plant. customers in Germany in your company are not supplied via the distribution centers. In the Product View in APO. you will be able to: • Explain the production planning run method in PP/DS (simultaneous material requirements planning and capacity planning) w 1-1 rp . In addition. they receive supplies directly via the plant 1000 in Hamburg. 1-1-1 Why have no planned orders been created. After SNP has transferred the requirements via the stock transfer to the production plant. if you wish to remove this line.erpdown. look at the planned independent requirements for pump T-F2## at location 1000 (production plant Hamburg) . select the Elements tab. for the planned independent requirements? _____________________________________________________ To return to the display of the stock/requirements situation. Start a production planning run to plan material and capacity simultaneously in the plant.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . These planned independent requirements preplan the demand expected for the customers in Germany. a demand planning forecast was generated and transferred to the distribution centers in Milan and Rotterdam as planned independent requirements. planned independent requirements have also been generated in Demand Planning directly for the plant 1000 (without a detour via the distribution centers). in the near future.

In the production planning menu. planning should not be triggered from the product view. In this example. 1-2-1 Exit the product view and follow the menu path for the production planning run. rather. 1000 0## X Values 1-3 In the Product View in APO. choose Selection criteria. After making this selection. components (requirements) and operations of the planned order. you plan all products for which you have planned the production planner. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.e w w o d .1-2 Execute a production planning run to schedule the production of the pumps. Were all requirements planned in planning? w 1-3-2 Now check the planned order details: Look at the component list of the latest planned order within the production horizon: Double-click on the latest planned order within the production horizon to go to the planned order. When are the start and end dates of the planned order for the final assembly of pump T-F2##? _____________________________________________________ rp . in plant 1000. you can see the detailed data (header data) of the planned order on the right. the production planning run should be used. In the production planning run. if you wish to remove this line. select the following variant: SAP_MRP_001. 1-3-1 Look at the situations of the planned order for product T-F2## and check the requirements/receipt situation for all components.c n w m o _____________________________________________________ © SAP AG AP010 Preface-167 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. After double-clicking. look at the planning result for the APO product T-F2## at location 1000 (production plant Hamburg).com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Now select the following values: Field Product Location Production planner Planning file entry created Choose Execute. On the left you can recognize the receipts.erpdown. and the complete structure of the planned order on the left.

How many operations have been scheduled in the planned order on the various resources? _____________________________________________________ Which assemblies (and also dependent requirements) are contained in the planned order for the pump T-F2##? _____________________________________________________ Have the components T-B1## (casing).c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-168 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. T-B22## (fly wheel). if you wish to remove this line.e w w o d . Are there any alerts for the components of the planned order? _____________________________________________________ w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. T-B3## (hollow shaft) and T-B4## (electronic turbo-drive) also been planned? To find this out. double-click on the corresponding product number in the component list of the planned order and look at the requirements/stock situation for the corresponding assembly on the right of the screen.

if you wish to remove this line.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .w rp .e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-169 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.erpdown.

we have only created requirements and orders for pump T-F2## (white pump). Now. create some more planned independent requirements for pump T-F4## in plant 1000. you must then reschedule the sequence of the existing orders. In the planning table. Enter the following independent requirements for pump T-F4## in plant 1000: Friday in a week 5 Save your entries.erpdown.e w w o d . to select day schedule lines as the period schedule line. if you wish to remove this line. To demonstrate that planned independent requirements can be created not only using APO Demand Planning. 1-4-1 Enter the independent requirements for material T-F4## in plant 1000 in the R/3 program planning. Note: Creation of planned independent requirements in R/3 is useful if you are performing demand planning in R/3.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-170 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. or are not performing demand planning and wish to maintain the planned independent requirements manually. but also using R/3 Program Planning. select the first row of the table and choose the delivery schedule tab. 1-4 Until now.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . enter T (day format) in the planning period field. create the planned independent requirements manually in R/3. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Friday in two weeks 5 Friday in three weeks 5 Friday in four weeks 5 w rp .Optional exercise (not part of the standard course – can be used by the course participants after the course) Unit: Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling(Machine Scheduler’s Tools) At the conclusion of this exercise. In the initial screen of the transaction. you will be able to: • Visualize and process orders in the detailed scheduling planning board After you have executed the planning run for your plant 1000 in Hamburg.

and then exit the Detailed Scheduling Planning Board without saving. select the first planned order for the product T-F2## and then right-click to select “Mark objects for the same order”. 1-5-3 In the Detailed Scheduling Planning Board. if you wish to remove this line. Choose the “Pump ##” overall profile and confirm using Enter.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d . However. only observe the planning result here. use the detailed scheduling planning board. Enter the detailed scheduling planning board using the selection criteria specified above and then navigate in the planning board. This includes all resources for the final assembly of the pumps. you can now manually reschedule orders/operations using Drag & Drop. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. 1-5-2 Look for the first orders for products T-F2## (white pump). w rp . and T-F4## (blue pump) by selecting the respective product numbers one after the other in the Product chart and then right-click to select "begin with first graphical object". You see that the work area “Pump ##” was selected automatically when you selected the overall profile “Pump ##”. To do this. or you can start the Optimizer for automatic sequence planning.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-171 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Look in the Resources chart to see which resources the pumps occupy.erpdown. To find out which capacity loads belong to which order in the resources chart. 1-5-1 Call up the variable view of the Detailed Scheduling Planning Board.1-5 Check the sequence of the planned orders for both product pump T-F2## (white pump) and T-F4## (blue pump). All capacity requirements belonging to the order are then shown in color.

on the SNP2 tab.e w w o d . T-B3## and T-B4## are contained in the planned order for the pump. Which assemblies (and also dependent requirements) are contained in the planned order for the pump T-F2##? The components T-B1##. Were all requirements planned in planning? After the production planning run. the six different PPM operations have been scheduled in the planned order.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. How many operations have been scheduled in the planned order on the various resources? In total.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-172 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. in the near future. Requirements within the production horizon are covered by the PP/DS planning run. but not a PP/DS planning run. 1-3-2 When are the start and end dates of the planned order for the final assembly of pump T-F2##? Take the dates from the planning order header. 1-3 w rp . a production horizon of a certain number of days has been maintained in the product master. T-B22##. As only an SNP planning run was executed in the last exercise. for the planned independent requirements? For product T-F2##.Solutions Unit: Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling 1-1 APO menu path: Production Planning → Interactive Production Planning → Product View 1-1-1 Why have no planned orders been created.erpdown. all the planned independent requirements were planned. if you wish to remove this line. Requirements outside this production horizon are covered by the SNP planning run. 1-2 APO menu path: Production Planning → Automated Production Planning and Optimization → Production Planning Run APO menu path: Production Planning → Interactive Production Planning → Product View 1-3-1 Look at the situations of the planned order for product T-F2## and check the requirements/receipt situation for all components. no planned orders are available for any requirements within the production horizon.

Are the components T-B1## (casing). the other dependent requirements were not planned.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . if you wish to remove this line.e w w o d . However. T-B3## (hollow shaft) and T-B4## (electronic turbo-drive) also planned automatically and immediately? Are there any alerts for the components of the planned order? Only the dependent requirements of the hollow shaft are planned immediately. these are partially covered by storage location stock.erpdown. Solutions w rp . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. T-B22## (fly wheel).c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-173 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o © SAP AG 2001 © SAP AG AP010 Preface-174 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. if you wish to remove this line.Optional exercise (not part of the standard course – can be used by the course participants after the course) Unit: Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling (Machine Scheduler’s Tools) 1-4 1-4-1 R/3 menu path: Logistics → Production Planning → Program Planning → Planned Independent Requirement → Create 1-5 1-5-1 APO menu path: Production Planning → Interactive Production Planning → Detailed Scheduling Planning Board 1-5-2 1-5-3 Transportation Planning & Vehicle Scheduling (TP/VS) Contents: w l l l l Route optimization Carrier selection Transportation consolidation Shipment tendering rp .erpdown.e w w o d .

e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line.w rp . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-175 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .

© SAP AG 2001 w rp . you will be able to: l l Describe the tasks of Transportation Planning & Vehicle Scheduling. if you wish to remove this line. and Transportation Planning & Vehicle Scheduling.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-176 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.e w w o d . and how it is applied in APO State the differences between the Transport Load Builder.Unit Objectives At the conclusion of this unit.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown.

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-177 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d .erpdown. if you wish to remove this line.Course Overview Diagram 1 Course Overview 2 Integration and Technology 3 Modelling and Evaluation in APO 4 Demand Planning 5 Planning Supply Network Production Planning/Detailed 7 7 Transportation 7 Planning/Vehicle Scheduling 8 Global Available-to-Promise 9 Conclusion 6 Scheduling © SAP AG 2001 w rp .

and transfer them to the OLTP system for transportation execution (LES). for example). ships. trains. w rp . During optimization.e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-178 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. if you wish to remove this line. ships.erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . and optimum vehicles will be identified (using R/3 freight costs. trains. and aircraft .Business Scenario l The Precision Pump Company is using Transportation Planning & Vehicle Scheduling to make optimum usage of available capacities in trucks. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. They are using Vehicle Scheduling to analyze and modify the plan that was generated during Transportation Planning. both optimum routes. Their aim is to plan more efficiently and reduce costs. Their aim is to perform planning more efficiently and reduce costs. For example using carrier selection manually to fix planning results. and aircraft . l © SAP AG 2001 The Precision Pump Company is using Transportation Planning to make optimum usage of available capacities in trucks.

PP/DS.erpdown. which is complemented for transportation execution by the SAP component from Logistics Execution Systems (LES). click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. and BW provide an integrated solution for transportation management within the Supply Chain © SAP AG 2001 The TP/VS component has the following functions: Ÿ Transportation planning and transportation consolidation Ÿ Transportation mode and carrier selection Ÿ Multi-pick up and multi-drop functions Ÿ Management by exception Ÿ Vehicle Scheduling and route determination in a dynamic environment The APO system includes the tactical and operational planning area from the SAP Transport Management solution. LES.Transportation Management APO TP/VS (Planning) l Is integrated with the APO components DP. if you wish to remove this line. SNP.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-179 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d . and long term horizons BW (Monitoring) LES (Execution) TP/VS.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . and ATP l Evaluates the planning in BW l Plans for both short. w rp .

In Vehicle Scheduling. You can define planning horizons for both the Supply Network Planning component and the VS component here. When orders from Supply Network Planning become VS orders. if you wish to remove this line.erpdown. the following happens: Ÿ the orders are received in a specific sequence Ÿ the exact transportation time is specified Ÿ information and processes that were still outstanding are added (data and processes that are not necessary for Supply Network Planning.e w w o d .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Bucket capacities are used in Supply Network Planning to plan products. resources and transportation processes are maintained in detail. so that planning will be performed as precisely as possible.c n w Planned shipments m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-180 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Vehicle Scheduling (VS) is a short-term planning component. Sourcing is optimized by functions such as the Transport Load Builder (TLB). These bucket capacities show the most detailed level of daily planning. A big advantage of this component is the sourcing which determines where and how a product will be procured.APO Planning Process Demand Planning Unconstrained Aggregated planning Forecast Planned orders Stock transfers Supply Network Planning Constrained Mid-term planning PP/DS Constrained Detailed planning Deployment Constrained Route planning and transportation consolidation Planned deliveries TP/VS Transport Load Builder © SAP AG 2001 Supply Network Planning is used for long-term and mid-term planning. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. but are for Vehicle Scheduling such as loading and delivery activities) w rp . These horizons are all independent of one another and have to be planned as such.

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-181 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line.erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. The unbroken line is modeled and the broken lines are generated by the optimizer. an associated hierarchy is generated automatically.TP/VS Supply Chain Modeling Outbound Transportation zones Replenishment Inbound Created transportation lane Generated transportation lane © SAP AG 2001 Customers or suppliers can be grouped into transportation zones to reduce the complexity of TP/VS problems. If a transportation zone is loaded with customers from the R/3. w rp .

forecasts Objective: Deliveries and transportation orders in R/3 Simultaneous route planning and transportation consolidation Optimizer Selection of transportation provider © SAP AG 2001 Optimization in TP/VS is for optimizing transportation schedules with the assignment of vehicle resources to orders.erpdown. and should be computable (also refer to the Business Share Strategy used in carrier assignment).c n w TLB orders Express orders m o Vehicle resources © SAP AG AP010 Preface-182 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. plays an important role. Transportation allocations are maintained as time-dependent Ÿ The capacity utilization (in percentage terms) of a carrier.e w w o d . You can use transportation allocation to Ÿ define the maximum transportation capacity of a carrier per day and per transportation lane Ÿ fix a specific minimum service acceptance to define the minimum of shipments that must be made. w rp . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . if you wish to remove this line.Transportation planning & Vehicle Scheduling (TP/VS) Sales orders. stock transfers. It takes into account the following: Ÿ Travel from and back to the depot Ÿ Loading and unloading time Ÿ Order consolidation Ÿ Reduce transportation time costs Ÿ Reduce distance costs Ÿ Costs for being too early/delayed Ÿ Costs for non-delivery Ÿ Transportation fixed costs Optimization can be simulated or used in the active planning version 000.

if you wish to remove this line.e w w o d .It is a particularly good idea to use carrier transportation capacities if you are working with priorities for various carriers.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-183 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. w rp .

change. or reject optimization results Ÿ execute carrier selection manually Ÿ fix planning results and transfer them to the OLTP system for transportation execution w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . confirm. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.The Vehicle Scheduling Procedure Configuration Master data Modeling (Route planning and transportation consolidation) Optimization Create/transfer shipments Create/transfer deliveries Backorder processing Select carrier Shipment tendering Publication of deliveries © SAP AG 2001 You use interactive planning in Vehicle Scheduling to: Ÿ perform transportation planning manually or automatically Ÿ display. if you wish to remove this line.e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-184 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.erpdown.

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-185 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .TP/VS Tendering EDI Business scenario: Business scenario: Internet tendering Internet tendering Create deliveries Publish Business scenario: Business scenario: Internet tendering Internet tendering XML Transportation planner Transportation planner Release for execution HTML Accept / Refuse Service agent Service agent © SAP AG 2001 w rp .e w w o d .erpdown.

e w w o d . and how it is applied in APO State the differences between the Transport Load Builder.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-186 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .Unit Summary You are now able to: l l Describe the tasks of Transportation Planning & Vehicle Scheduling. and Transportation Planning & Vehicle Scheduling © SAP AG 2001 w rp . if you wish to remove this line.erpdown.

c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-187 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.Global Available-to-Promise (Global ATP) Contents: l l l l Global ATP and Integration with OLTP Integration with PP/DS Rules-based ATP Product Allocations © SAP AG 2001 w rp . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line.erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d .

e w w o d . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Unit Objectives At the conclusion of this unit.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-188 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. you will be able to l Describe how Global Available-to-Promise (ATP) integrates with OLTP and APO applications Define the features and functionality of Global Available-to-Promise Identify benefits of using Global Available-to-Promise l l © SAP AG 2001 w rp . if you wish to remove this line.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown.

if you wish to remove this line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Course Overview Diagram 1 Course Overview 2 Integration and Technology 3 Modelling and Evaluation in APO 4 Demand Planning 5 Supply Network Planning 6 Scheduling Production Planning/Detailed 7 Transportation 9 Conclusion 8 Global Available-to-Promise 8 Planning/Vehicle Scheduling8 © SAP AG 2001 w rp .e w w o d .erpdown.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-189 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .

If the pumps are not available. taking account of resource availability. if you wish to remove this line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.e w w o d .Business Scenario l Precision Pump company intends to use rulesbased ATP to be able to carry out a multi-plant search for products requested by its customers.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-190 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. © SAP AG 2001 w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . the feasible delivery date can be determined.erpdown.

com 全面的ERP资源下载 . w rp . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Planned orders that are created via ATP integration with PP/DS can be sent back directly to the OLTP systems.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-191 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Depending on the system settings. Sales orders created in the OLTP system (for example. R/3 System) automatically trigger the availability check in APO in this case. if you wish to remove this line.erpdown.e w w o d . as soon as a sales order is created. CO/PA HR. production plans and distribution plans.AP0 Application Architecture and Global Availableto-Promise (ATP) R/3 APO Supply Chain Cockpit BW LIS. a check can be carried out against inventory. FI Sales orders Shop floor control Inventory management Transportation processing Global ATP Demand Planning Historical Historical data data Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling Deployment Supply Network Planning Key performance indicators (KPIs) Transportation Planning © SAP AG 2001 In the R/3 APO interface you can define that the ATP check of products (ATP check. ATP = Availableto-Promise) should not be carried out in R/3 but in APO.

APO creates a planned order for the desired quantity in PP/DS (Production Planning & Detailed Scheduling). click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. if you wish to remove this line. w rp .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-192 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Check against aggregated data: Planned orders and production orders are aggregrated and represented in a time series. Integration between sales and distribution and production: You can also define that the sales order triggers production directly if a product is not available.Global Availability Check in APO: Benefits ª ª Rules-based availability check (multi-step availability check): check of multiple locations and products Better integration between sales and distribution and production: triggering of production when there is no availability (integration PP/DS) Multilevel component and capacity check (real-time operation) Check against aggregated.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown. If it triggers an order for in-house production. memory-resident data ª ª © SAP AG 2001 Rules-based ATP (multi-step availability check): When there is no availability. In addition.e w w o d . which can be used to evaluate the incoming requests from the sales orders. component availability can be checked (multi-level components and capacity check). you can configure in APO that the system should carry out the availability check for the product in another location or else for an alternative product. This means that better system performance is then available.

ATP checks are carried out in APO on the basis of time series.erpdown. Availability checks are triggered as events in the OLTP system . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Global ATP R/3 Article structure Customer l l APO Global ATP: multi-site. Applying rules-based ATP is the basis for checks of alternative products in alternative locations as well as for production. and on the date requested by the customer.e w w o d . in the requested quantity. w rp . ATP makes use of PP/DS (Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling) functionality to check against the actual order network including all constraints.and an ATP request for product availability is sent over to APO. In older versions of R/3.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-193 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. multi-level ATP Alternative locations Alternative products Alternative PPMs l Integrated with Production Planning Checks against actual production plan Consideration of capacity constraints l Integration of legacy systems 40 pieces ATP request Sales orders Confirmation © SAP AG 2001 Global ATP is embedded in Supply Chain Management (SCM) processes for any kind of order processing. When it comes to production.either R/3 or legacy systems . real-time Rules-based. An Available-To-Promise (ATP) check is an online search to verify the company's ability to provide the requested product. an ATP check searched local inventories only for available products and assumed infinite capacity when a product had to be produced. ATP functionality is limited or not possible at all. In many OLTP systems.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . For this reason. either in real-time or in simulation mode. if you wish to remove this line.

erpdown.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-194 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. You can define which requirements and receipts to use as a basis for a sales order confirmation that you want to give the customer.e w w o d .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . you can take into account various stock. requirements and receipts in the availability check. w rp . The scope of check is configured in APO Customizing. if you wish to remove this line.Issues & Receipts Receipts Production Purchase requisition order Planned order Stock Further salesrelated requirements Time Reservation Issues © SAP AG 2001 In accordance with ATP settings in APO. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

e w w o d . To differentiate between the various levels of probability with which a specific product will be in stock in the future. Examples of ATP categories: firm planned order. a new order can only be confirmed for a later date. The time series display (see picture above) shows the receipt elements above the line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. To improve your system performance. The ATP check checks against these aggregated quantities. All receipts and issues within one period are cumulated. released production order.Aggregation of Time Series l Aggregate each receipt (issue) per: Category Time unit l High performance because Cumulative quantities are checked.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . ATP gives you the option to aggregate orders by reorganizing time series'. w rp . ATP performance is reduced if you process incoming orders in individual checks. if you wish to remove this line. If the stock is zero or negative.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-195 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. consignment stock.erpdown. there is a time series for each type of ATP category. The issue elements are below the line. not individual goods movements © SAP AG 2001 The data sent from the OLTP system is aggregated and represented in a time series consisting of the corresponding ATP objects that are then used to evaluate the incoming ATP requests.

The search stops when an acceptable result is provided by the check (if any number of substitution steps is permitted). Without customer-specific coding (= customer exit) the system chooses the first result that covers the requirement completely. The rules stored in the system determine the next checking step in each case.erpdown. Depending on these values. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-196 w rp .Rules-based ATP: Example End item of sales order Problem: Insufficient number of pieces in stock PPM explosion Possible solution: Step 1: Alternative product Step 2: Procurement from another location Step 3: Production (PPM explosion) Alternative location(s) © SAP AG 2001 Rules-based availability checking is an iterative process. however. The rule strategy forms the actual rule-base for a specific check. By activating the customer exit you can decide which selection is appropriate and if a dialog should be displayed.c n w m o Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. the corresponding rule is evaluated. are checked using different ATP rules. In the simplest case. In the rule strategy settings. Only one result is permitted. and so on. that sales orders for different sales organizations. In this case the system completes the rule evaluation. Possible next steps are as follows: Ÿ Sourcing Ÿ Substitution (alternative product) Ÿ Capable-To-Promise (triggering production = creating an order) All of these span the three-dimensional space shown in the picture. sold-to parties. only one substitution can be selected.e w w (alternative location) o d . if you wish to remove this line. You can thereby define. the characteristics of the order are passed over to APO from the OLTP system. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Each access of this sequence is performed using a combination of characteristics.com 全面的ERP资源下载 A pr lter od na uc tiv t(s e ) . for example. When an order is to be checked. this search strategy defines the sequence in which the system reads the individual rules.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. The availability date of the newly created planned order (finish date) is passed back to the R/3 sales order and copied as the internal confirmation date.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . All of the operations of the PPM are scheduled at the resources of the PPM. Furthermore. If the capacities are already exhausted on the desired date. but rather in APO (Availability check indicator). When you confirm this proposed date in the sales order and save it. the APO planned order. you can specify in the integration model that the availability check (ATP check) in the sales order is not to be performed in R/3. you can specify in APO that the system is to perform an availability check for the product in a different location or for an alternative product. if you wish to remove this line.erpdown. you can define that the sales order can trigger production directly. the availability of the components can be checked (Automatic planning indicator in the product master of the components). For non-availability. is transferred back to R/3 and is visible there. Delivery scheduling is used to determine the date in the sales order on which the customer can receive the product. and the system takes the capacity restrictions into account (available capacity and orders that may have already been scheduled). w rp . In this case. If you create a sales order in the R/3 System. the system uses simultaneous material and capacity requirements planning to find a date on which the planned order can be created.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-197 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. which was only simulated. it triggers an order for inhouse production and APO creates a planned order for the desired quantity in PP/DS. In addition.Availability Check (ATP Check) in Sales Orders Sales order R/3 Confirmation ATP request APO ATP check ATP For non-availability Produce Sales (SD) Sales order Planned order MRP Save sales order Planned order Production Planning/ Production Detailed Scheduling Detailed Update time series © SAP AG 2001 In the R/3-APO interface. if a product is not available. the system first checks whether there is enough stock available for this product. It can also check whether receipts (such as production orders or planned orders) are scheduled before the desired date.e w w o d . The sales employee can find this delivery date in the R/3 sales order.

the corresponding rules are selected according to material. If the capacities are already exhausted on the desired date. and the system takes the capacity restrictions into account (available capacity and orders that may have already been scheduled). AE = make-to-order sales order. All of the operations of the PPM are scheduled at the resources of the PPM. APO creates a planned order for the desired quantity in PP/DS. checking against allocation. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-198 w rp . against forecasting. depending on the R/3 requirements class and the business event (for example. or checking using rules-based ATP (also checking against alternative products/locations or triggering production from the sales order). against allocation or rules-based ATP). checking against forecasting. plant..e w w o d . sales organization. Prerequisite: Ÿ In the "rules-based availability check". Here. infinite planning . Ÿ Maintain the strategy profile with which you want to trigger the scheduling of planned orders from the ATP integration and maintain them under Global Settings in Customizing for PP/DS.). the sales order can trigger production directly: If it triggers an order for inhouse production.c n w m o Time Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. A = sales order. You use the strategy profile to define how the system is to schedule (search for a slot. etc (condition technique). if you wish to remove this line. If you use rules-based ATP.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . define that production is to be triggered directly for nonavailability (this function can be used in connection with all requirements strategies in planning).Integration of Availability Check and Sales Order Production Resource availability Available Occupied 1st Loading attempt Final loading Sales order Desired date and quantity Confirmed qty/date Resource 3 (finite) Resource 2 (finite) Resource 1 (finite) 10 20 30 20 30 10 Today © SAP AG 2001 If a product is not available. you can define which check if any should be performed (check against stock. soldto party.. checking against stock. the system uses simultaneous material and capacity requirements planning to find a date on which the planned order can be created. Ÿ You define in APO how the availability of a sales order is checked in APO (for example. B = delivery).erpdown. in the Strategy profile for ATP integration field. The default strategy profile in the delivery system is SAP001 (search for a slot backward). click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

winter) w rp . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.e w w o d .erpdown. Product allocations are applied to a product allocation object. if you wish to remove this line.c n w Apr Receipt m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-199 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. It could be any one of the following: Ÿ A product (personal computer) or a product group Ÿ A component (processor) Ÿ A production line The reason for product allocations may vary in different phases of the product life cycle. so that each customer receives an allocated amount.Product Allocation Managing demand against constrained supply è Demand Jan Feb Mar © SAP AG 2001 Product allocation functionality allows you to manage the supply of scarce products to customers. Ÿ A season (summer.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . The product allocation object is the reason for allocating quantities.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.c n w Sept. if desired. if you wish to remove this line. You can redistribute the confirmed quantities of one or more products via selected customer requirements.e w w o d Checking horizon/ Replenishment lead time = 2 periods . They must be taken into account again within backorder processing. The orders whose delivery date now lies in the past can be scheduled in the future. they can be sorted via specific configurable criteria.Backorder Processing Sales order confirmations Before June July Aug. Time Sales order confirmations .by priority June Stock Sales order Planned order © SAP AG 2001 July Aug. which filter according to locations in which the planning situation has changed (netchange filter).com 全面的ERP资源下载 . w rp . Backorder processing can be executed Ÿ In interactive mode Ÿ In batch mode (including simulation) Ÿ As a combination of both The orders to be processed are determined via a filter that is to be defined. This filter definition can be configured by the user or you can use the standard filters provided by SAP.erpdown. Backorder processing is one of the new availability check tools that enables you to analyze and edit backorders and to overwrite confirmed quantities as the result of the previous ATP check. m o Time © SAP AG AP010 Preface-200 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Sept. After the orders have been selected once via the filter.

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-201 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown.Global Available-to-Promise: Unit Summary You are now able to l l l l Describe how Global Available-to-Promise (ATP) integrates with OLTP and APO applications Define the features and functionality of Global Available-to-Promise Perform a simulation of rules-based using Global Available-to-Promise Identify benefits of using Global Available-to-Promise © SAP AG 2001 w rp .e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line.

w rp .e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line.erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-202 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

e w w Input Data OR 2400 10 00 o d . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o In the sales order screen you enter the following data: Field Name Sold-to party Purch. Field Name Order type Sales organization w Distribution channel Division rp . you will be able to: • Create a sales order in R/3 • Run the ATP check • Understand why you got this specific ATP check result The Precision Pump Company receives a customer inquiry for the product T-F2##. The customer Jashanmal Trading. if you wish to remove this line. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-203 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Dubai wants a confirmation regarding when Precision Pump Company is able to deliver the product. order no.Exercises Unit: Global Available-to-Promise (Global ATP) At the conclusion of this exercise. Material Order quantity Input Data 2402 Group ## T-F2## 5 You get a dialog box with the ATP check result. 1-1 Create a sales order in R/3 and perform the ATP check.erpdown.

check the planning situation for the product T-F2## (pump) in the locations 2400 (Milan). if you wish to remove this line. w rp . Field Name Planning version Product Location Input Data 000 T-F2## 2400 Then check the planning situation in locations 2500 and 2300.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-204 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . The order is transferred directly to APO after saving in R/3. In the APO system. 2500 (Rotterdam) and 2300 (Barcelona).How many units of the products can be delivered? ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Save the order. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.erpdown.e w w o d .

erpdown. Logistics à Sales and Distribution à Salesà Order à Create Field Name Order type Sales organization Distribution channel Division Press Enter Input Data OR 2400 10 00 In the sales order screen you enter the following data: Field Name Input Data 2402 Sold-to party w Purch. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-205 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o Group ## T-F2## Order quantity You get a dialog box with the ATP check result. if you wish to remove this line.Solutions Unit: Global Available-to-Promise (Global ATP) 1-1 Create a sales order in R/3 and perform the ATP check.e w w o d 5 . The order is transferred directly to APO after saving in R/3. How many units of the products can be delivered? ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Save the order. Material rp . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. order no.

check the planning situation for the product T-F2## (pump) in the locations 2400 (Milan).erpdown. if you wish to remove this line. 2500 (Rotterdam) and 2300 (Barcelona). APO SCM Implementation Contents: l l w l rp .e w w ASAP SCM Methodology Objectives Tools Deliverables ASAP SCM Implementation Philosophy o d .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Production Planning → Interactive Production Planning → Product View Field Name Planning version Product Location Input Data 000 T-F2## 2400 Then check the planning situation in the locations 2500 and 2300. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.In the APO system.c n w m o ASAP for APO © SAP AG 2001 © SAP AG AP010 Preface-206 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.

© SAP AG 2001 w rp . Describe the objectives. and the use of tools of each phase of the ASAP SCM methodology. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. you will be able to: l l l Explain the philosophy behind the ASAP SCM implementation methodology.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d . deliverables. List the various phases of the ASAP SCM methodology.erpdown.Unit Objectives At the conclusion of this unit.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-207 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. if you wish to remove this line.

erpdown. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Course Overview Diagram 1 Course Overview 2 Integration and Technology 3 Modelling and Evaluation in APO 4 Demand Planning 5 Supply Network Planning 6 Scheduling Production Planning/Detailed 7 Transportation Planning 8 Global Available-to-Promise 9 APO SCM Implementation 9 10 Conclusion © SAP AG 2001 w rp .c n w 9 m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-208 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line.

estimate benefits that APO could deliver.The SAP Supply Chain Implementation Philosophy: A supply-chain diagnostics approach that will enable SAP to evaluate a customer's supply chain.e w w o d . and develop a tailored implementation plan that enables customers to realize these benefits in a short period of time © SAP AG 2001 w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-209 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. if you wish to remove this line. identify significant issues.erpdown. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

erpdown. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.The Supply Chain Implementation Tool Kit l Built-in tools.e w w o d . templates & techniques Models Templates Questionnaires ” Project plans Novem ber I D Task Nam e 1 Nov Decem ber Dec Case studies M ay Ma y Ju n e J un Sample Schedule I D T a sk Name 1 S amp leSche dule P roject reparation P No vemb e r ecem b r Ja n Mar y F eb ru ry M arch ay Jan D Febe u ar Apr a M Nov Dec Ja n F eb Ma r Januar y Febr uar y M ar ch Apr i l M ay Ap ri l Jun A pr June Supply Chain case studies Analytical tools 2 Project Preparation 2 3 Business 3Blueprint B usiness l ue print B 4 Simulation S i mulation 4 5 Validation5 V ali dat ion Final Preparation P re parati on F inal 6 6 7 GoLive Go Live & Support & S upport 8 9 10 7 8 9 10 APO process flows APO activity matrix Questionnaires & surveys R/3 Value analysis © SAP AG 2001 w rp . if you wish to remove this line.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-210 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .

erpdown. if you wish to remove this line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.ASAP SCM Methodology Phases Project preparation Business blueprint Realization Final preparation Go live and support P1 P1 D3 AC M E Tai w an P1 P2 P3 P4 P2 P4 P2 D 2 Sem conduct or i M anuf acur er t S1 D2 Sem conduct or i D i t r but r s i o S1 ACM E Lapt p o Pr oduct i n o ( SanJose) M4 A CM E Lapt op Pr oduct i n o ( SanJ ose ) D 1 ACM E L apt p o Di t r i ut i n s b o ( SanJose) S1 D1 Lapt op Di sr i ut or t b S1 D1 Lapt p o R et i er al S uppl i r e Cust om r e s ACME C ust m er o s Cust om er S AP B usiness I nformati on Warehouse P eo p le L earni ng O ppo rtuni ties P ro cesses S AP Advanced Planner & Optimizer I nn ovati on Strategy © SAP AG 2001 w rp .c n w m o N on-R /3 P rodu cts I ndu stry P ractice s I mpl eme ntati on s R/3 N on R/3 R/3 © SAP AG AP010 Preface-211 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.erpdown.Phase 1: Project Preparation .Objectives l l l Organize the ASAP SCM Implementation Project Set customer and SAP team expectations Establish a technical infrastructure © SAP AG 2001 w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-212 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line.

erpdown.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .Phase 2: Business Blueprint .e w w o d . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Objectives l l l l l Identify specific ways of improving the supply chain management and strategies of the customer Benchmark the Supply Chain Align SAP and 3rd party solutions to realize these opportunities Develop business solution design and implementation plans APO process blueprint © SAP AG 2001 w rp . if you wish to remove this line.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-213 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.

erpdown.e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line.Phase 2: Business Blueprint .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-214 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.Tools l APO for ASAP Strategic blueprint Case studies Question & Answer database (QAdb) Process description Questionnaires Roadmap / project plan © SAP AG 2001 w rp .

click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .Objectives l l l l l l l l Develop plans for model specification Configure and validate baseline and final models Perform and resolve functional gap analysis Conduct configuration workshops Develop conversion and interface programs Develop reports and enhancements Final integration testing Prepare end user documentation and training material © SAP AG 2001 w rp .Phase 3: Realization .e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-215 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. if you wish to remove this line.erpdown.

Phase 4: Final Preparation - Objectives

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Prepare for "live" solution implementation Anticipate and plan for contingencies

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Phase 5: Go Live and Support - Objectives

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Identify and resolve post go-live issues Validate "live" SCM solution results Perform a project review

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APO Implementation: Unit Summary (2)

You are now able to:
l l l Explain the philosophy behind the ASAP SCM implementation methodology List the various phases of the ASAP SCM methodology Describe the objectives, deliverables, and use of tools of each phase of the ASAP SCM methodology

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Conclusion

1 Course Overview 2 Integration and Technology 3 Supply Chain Cockpit 4 Demand Planning 5 Supply Network Planning 6 Detailed Scheduling 7 Deployment 8 Transportation Planning 10 Conclusion 10
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9 Global Available-to-Promise

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if you wish to remove this line.Course Goals At the conclusion of this course you will able to l l l List the fundamental planning scenarios of the Advanced Planner and Optimizer (APO) Explain the functions and interplay of the individual APO components Describe the integration with the execution system and information systems © SAP AG 2001 w rp . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-220 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .erpdown.e w w o d .

and operational decisions: Ÿ DP is used for long-term demand planning Ÿ In SNP there is mid-term production. tactical. routes are optimized and transportation methods are loaded as near to capacity as possible w rp .e w w o d .APO Planning Sequence Planning Horizon Demand Planning (DP) Supply Network Planning (SNP) Production Planning (PP) Detailed Scheduling (DS) Deployment Transportation Planning & Vehicle Scheduling (TP/VS) © SAP AG 2001 APO is used to make strategic.erpdown. distribution and procurement planning Ÿ PP/DS is used for short-term production planning Ÿ Deployment plans short-term replenishment planning Ÿ In Transportation Planning. if you wish to remove this line. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-221 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .

and legacy systems.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Excel. if you wish to remove this line.The Demand Planning Concept Aggregated actual data Location Product hierarchy Sold-to party Sales organization Region Future demand forecast l Incoming orders l l Quantities Values Quantities Values BW R/3 Excel Non-SAP system l l l Statistical forecasting Promotions Collaborative forecasting l Billing document l l l … © SAP AG 2001 The APO DP library of statistical forecasting and advanced macro techniques allows you to create forecasts based on sales history as well as any number of causal factors. w rp .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-222 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. Aggregated actual data can be extracted from the R/3 system in exactly the same way as it can be imported from BW. and use a consensus-based approach to consolidate the results.e w w o d . Marketing intelligence and management adjustments can be added by using forecast overrides and promotions.erpdown.

com 全面的ERP资源下载 .to long-term.e w w o d .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-223 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. finite. cross-plant planning Result: Feasible plans Prioritization of demands. if you wish to remove this line.Supply Network Planning Scenario Demand Plan Supplier Plant DC Customer l l l l SNP plans the material flow along the supply chain Mid. and distribution in one consistent model in the entire supply network Ÿ Synchronizing activities and planning material flow along the supply chain w rp . production. supply optimization © SAP AG 2001 The role of Supply Network Planning involves: Ÿ Planning supply to meet demand Ÿ Integrating purchasing. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.erpdown.

manufacturing. and distribution decisions. detailed planning per location Sequences and setup times Continuous and order-related Pegging SNP BOM and routing Cross-plant finite planning Distribution and procurement Quantity and bucket-oriented No pegging Production horizon © SAP AG 2001 SNP integrates purchasing.e w w o d . distribution. w rp . Pegging is the link between receipts and issues along the supply chain. When an order is shifted. production.erpdown. and improved customer service.and Short-Term Planning Sales orders Forecasts Sales orders Forecasts Production Planning / Detailed Scheduling l PP/DS planned orders l l Supply Network Planning l l l SNP planned orders Purchase requisitions Stock transfers Purchase requisitions Stock transfers l l l l l l l l l l PP/DS BOM and routing Finite. global consistent model. and transportation so that comprehensive tactical planning and sourcing decisions can be simulated and implemented on the basis of a single. all dependent orders can be adjusted automatically. based on constraints and penalties. reduced order fulfillment times and inventory levels.c n w Time m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-224 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. The result is optimal purchasing. if you wish to remove this line. SNP uses advanced optimization techniques.com 全面的ERP资源下载 . click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.Comparison of Mid. to plan product flow along the supply chain.

it is possible for orders to be generated that do not have an optimum order sequence. lead times) Customer l Resource 2 Resource 1 Resource 3 l l Resource 3 Resource 2 Resource 1 © SAP AG 2001 30 20 10 l Transfers the planning results to an execution system (such as the R/3 Shop Floor Control) Time Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS) is used mainly for short-term to-the-minute planning (both for in-house production and external procurement) in the production plant. external procurement. Execution functions such as confirmations and goods receipts are performed in the execution system (for example. Order operations are only created at these resources if there is sufficient capacity for the order quantity on the corresponding date. It uses simultaneous material and capacity requirements planning to do this: You can define resources as “finite” resources (planning-critical resources) in the resource master. Ÿ Machine scheduling optimization: during planning. the system searches for a date on which the order operation can be carried out. you can change the sequence and resource assignments of existing orders using the optimization run. PP/DS schedules and plans all operations of an order that are relevant for planning at the different resources.e w w o d .com 全面的ERP资源下载 . Ÿ It is possible to display the orders in graphic format (in the detailed scheduling planning board). Therefore. Alternatively you can use the optimizer to execute a sequencing. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. R/3). and purchase requisitions or scheduling agreement schedule lines (to plan external procurement) in the event of product shortage. and stock transfer within the production plant to-theminute Plans simultaneous material requirements and schedules finite capacity at operation level for the short-term horizon Takes order sequences into account Optimizes machine schedules (sequences. the planning results are transferred to the execution system. taking account of the capacity situation. PP/DS has the following functions: Ÿ It generates planned orders (to plan in-house production). and to sequence from there. PP/DS is a planning tool. When there is no available capacity. Therefore. w rp .erpdown. © SAP AG AP010 Preface-225 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. the setup times in the new order can be determined automatically from the setup status of the resources (depending on the preceding order).Functions of Production Planning / Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS) l Plans production.c n w m o Ÿ Takes order sequences into account: when new in-house production orders are created. if you wish to remove this line.

erpdown. if you wish to remove this line. stock transfers. forecasts Goal: Deliveries and transportation orders in R/3 Simultaneous route and load/weight planning Optimizer Selection of transportation provider © SAP AG 2001 w rp .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .Transportation Planning & Vehicle Scheduling (TP/VS) Sales orders. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.e w w o d .c n w TLB orders Express orders m o Vehicle resources © SAP AG AP010 Preface-226 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.

erpdown. as soon as a sales order is created.ATP Integration with PP/DS and R/3 Sales order R/3 Confirmation APO ATP No ATP Make SD Planned orders ATP request Planned orders Production Planning/ Detailed Scheduling Update time series MRP © SAP AG 2001 Event-driven: In the R/3 APO interface you can define that the ATP check in the sales order should not be carried out in R/3 but in APO.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-227 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. and the system takes the capacity restrictions into account (available capacity and orders that may have already been scheduled). Using shipment scheduling. production orders and planned orders) have already been planned by the requested date. In addition. which can be used to evaluate the incoming requests from the sales orders. the system uses simultaneous material and capacity requirements planning to find a date on which the planned order can be created. component availability can be checked. If you create a sales order in R/3. you can configure in APO that the system should carry out the availability check for the product in another location or else for an alternative product. Time series: Planned orders and production orders are aggregrated and represented in a time series. Integration with PP/DS: You can also define that the sales order should trigger production directly if a product is not available. All of the operations are scheduled on the resources. If the capacities are already exhausted on the desired date. The system can also check if receipts (for example. Rules-based ATP: When there is no availability. w rp . If it triggers an order for in-house production. APO creates a planned order for the desired quantity in PP/DS. the system first checks if there is enough stock available for the requested product. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www. the date on which the product reaches the customer is determined in the sales order. The availability date of the newly-created planned order (end date) is returned to the R/3 sales order and adopted as an internal confirmation date. In the R/3 sales order the sales employee recognizes these proposed delivery dates.e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .

w rp . if you wish to remove this line.e w w o d .com 全面的ERP资源下载 .c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-228 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.erpdown. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.

com 全面的ERP资源下载 .In dieser Dokumentation verwendete Abkürzungen APO APS ATP BBP BAPI BW CIF CPFR CRM CTM DC DP DS iPPE LES KPI MLR MRP OLTP PP PPM SCC SCE SCM SEM SNP SOP TDL TLB VMI Advanced Planner and Optimizer Advanced Planning System Verfügbarkeitsprüfung (Available-to-Promise) Business to Business Procurement (B2B) Business Application Programming Interface SAP Business Information Warehouse Core Interface (Schnittstelle für Stamm.c n w m o TP/VS Transportation Planning / Vehicle Scheduling © SAP AG Create PDF with GO2PDF for free. Forecasting and Replenishment Customer Relationship Management Capable-to-Match (Multi-Level Supply and Demand Matching (SDM)) Distributionszentrum (DZ) Absatzplanung (Demand Planning) Feinplanung (Detailed Scheduling) integriertes Produkt.Engineering Key Performance Indicator Logistics Execution System (=LE. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.und Produktionsgrobplanung) Transportdienstleister Transport Load Builder Vendor-Managed-Inventory AP010 Preface-229 rp .e w w o d . if you wish to remove this line.und Bewegungsdaten R/3-APO) Collaborative Planning.und Prozeß. Supply-Chain-Execution Supply-Chain-Management Strategic Enterprise Management Supply Network Planning Sales and Operations Planning (Absatz. Warehouse Management (WM)) Multiple lineare Regression Material Requirements Planning MRPII Manufacturing Resource Planning Online Transaction Processing System OLAP Online Analytical Processing System w Produktionsplanung Produktionsprozeßmodell (APO Stückliste und Arbeitsplan zugeordnet) Supply Chain Cockpit Supply Chain Engineer.erpdown.

if you wish to remove this line.w rp .e w w o d .erpdown. click here to buy Virtual PDF Printer www.c n w m o © SAP AG AP010 Preface-230 Create PDF with GO2PDF for free.com 全面的ERP资源下载 .