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GRAPHS OF FUNCTIONS

INTRO Throughout your studies, you may encounter many different functions; some of the most important functions for you to know are presented below. Of course, using your knowledge of transformations of functions, you will be able to know much more than this about families of functions (i.e., what the following would look like if stretched, compressed, shifted, and/or reflected).

Linear

stretched, compressed, shifted, and/or reflected). Linear f ( x ) = x Absolute Value f (

f ( x ) = x

Absolute Value

and/or reflected). Linear f ( x ) = x Absolute Value f ( x ) =

f ( x ) =| x |

Cubic

f ( x ) = x Absolute Value f ( x ) = | x |

f

( x ) = x

3

Quadratic

f ( x ) = | x | Cubic f ( x ) = x 3

f

( x ) = x

2

Square Root

) = | x | Cubic f ( x ) = x 3 Quadratic f (
) = | x | Cubic f ( x ) = x 3 Quadratic f (

f ( x ) = x

Reciprocal

) = | x | Cubic f ( x ) = x 3 Quadratic f (

f

( x ) =

1

x

Natural Exponential

Natural Exponential f ( x ) = e Sine x Natural Logarithm f ( x )

f ( x ) = e

Sine

x

Natural Exponential f ( x ) = e Sine x Natural Logarithm f ( x )

Natural Logarithm

Natural Exponential f ( x ) = e Sine x Natural Logarithm f ( x )

f ( x ) = ln( x )

Cosine

e Sine x Natural Logarithm f ( x ) = ln( x ) Cosine f (

f ( x ) = sin( x )

f ( x ) = cos( x )

Tangent

( x ) = ln( x ) Cosine f ( x ) = sin( x )

f ( x ) = tan( x )