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CALCULATING SLOPE

Any point on the xy-plane can be written as an ordered pair in the form ( x, y ) . Taking

two different points ( x1 , y1 ) and ( x2 , y 2 ) on the line, the slope is

change in y y y 2 y1

m=

=

=

change in x x x2 x1

where x1 x2 .

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Example: Find the slope of the line through the points (2,5) and (3,7).

Solution:

m=

y 2 y1

x2 x1

75

3 2

2

m=

1

m=2

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m=

There are two common ways to represent a line. The point-slope form of the equation of

a line is given by y y1 = m( x x1 ) , where the line has a slope m and passes through the

point ( x1 , y1 ) .

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Example: Write the equation of the line using point-slope form, given that the line

passes through the point (-3,8) and has a slope of 2. Also, graph the line.

Solution:

y y1 = m( x x1 )

y 8 = 2( x + 3)

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Slope-intercept form of the equation of a line is given by y = mx + b , where the line has

a slope m and a y-intercept b. The y-intercept is simply the place where the line crosses

the y-axis. The corresponding ordered pair denoting the y-intercept is (0, y1 ) .

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Example: Write the equation of the line with slope -3 and y-intercept 13 using the slopeintercept form.

Solution:

y = mx + b

y = 3 x + 13

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Example: Find the equation of the line through the point (5,3) and (0,0).

Solution:

y2 y1

x2 x1

30

=

50

3

=

5

Next, we find the equation of the line:

y y1 = m( x x1 )

First, we find the slope:

m=

3

y 0 = ( x 0)

5

3

y= x

5

3

x.

5

_______________________________________________________________________

Therefore, the equation of the line is y =

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