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- Simplifying Expressions
- Word Problems
- Setting Up Linear Models
- Pythagorean Theorem
- Absolute Value Equations
- Equations of Lines
- 1_completethesquare
- Least Squares Trendline and Correlation
- Inverse Functions
- Solving a Linear System of Equations
- Transformations of Trigonometric Functions
- Applications Involving Exponential Models
- 8_solving Linear Inequalities
- One-to-One and Onto Functions
- Introduction to Circles
- Solving a Linear Equation
- How to Calculate What You Need on Your Final Exam
- Evaluating Functions
- Introduction to Exponential & Logarithmic Functions
- loglog_semilog

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PROPERTIES

EXPONENT LAWS

There are several rules that are helpful when working with exponential functions.

Laws of Exponents:

a a =a

x

ax

= a x y

y

a

(ab) x = a x b x

x+ y

(a x ) y = a xy

x

ax

a

= x

b

b

The first law states that to multiply two exponential functions with the same base, we

simply add the exponents. The second law states that to divide two exponential functions

with the same base, we subtract the exponents. The third law states that in order to raise a

power to a new power, we multiply the exponents. The fourth and fifth laws state that in

order to raise a product or quotient to a power, we raise each factor to that power.

_______________________________________________________________________

73 x 7 x +1

Example: Simplify the expression 2 x + 5

7

Solution:

73 x 7 x +1

72 x +5

= 73 x + ( x +1) ( 2 x + 5)

= 73 x + x +1 2 x 5

= 72 x 4

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

34 x

Example: Simplify the expression x

2

Solution:

34 x

x

2

(34 x )3

= x 3

(2 )

312 x

= 3 x

2

Note: We cannot simply any further since the terms in the numerator and denominator

do not have the same base.

_______________________________________________________________________

LOG LAWS

There are three properties that are useful when working with logarithmic functions.

Properties of Logarithms:

If x, y > 0 and r is any real number, then

x

log a = log a x log a y

y

log a ( x r ) = r log a x

_______________________________________________________________________

Example: Simplify the expression

Solution:

log 2 5 + log 2 3

log 2 5 + log 2 3

= log 2 (5 3)

= log 2 (15)

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

Example: Simplify the expression

Solution:

5(ln 2)

5(ln 2)

= ln(25 )

= ln(32)

_______________________________________________________________________

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