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From the 1980s to 2000.

Chin aexperienced massive eonomic growth and a booming economy largely through the gaigekaifung policies of deng xiao ping sich as his agricultural and urban reforms, town and village enterprises as well as the opening of cinas economy to the world through the speial ecnomic zones. These economic liberalizaion policies went a long way towards increasing productivity and this economic growth. However, the conomic growth was not luniform throughout all levels of societyDengs politicl acumen was also instrument in the successful implementation fo these policies and this economic growth. China also benefitted from a fabourable international climate at the time which helped to spur growth further. Althoughthe growth experienced by China was largely due to Dengs policies, we should not neglect the importance of other aacotrs that led to economic growth either. Dengs growth greatly revolutionized Chinas economy through use of reforms after the disaster. The hegreat leap forwarm and the cultural revolution. In the great leap forward, resources were diverted away from agricultuter into machinerty , resulting in a large fall of proufcitivety ajd output in a largelu agrain china nad wide spread hunger. Dne however chanfed that with his agricultural refor,s. Deng ended the process of collectivization and started the household responsibility susten instead, allowing farmers to sell surplus crops for progit. Deng also gave the peasants fmore freedom to grow cash crops other than just gow it if they met the sate quoa amd the ability to own their land in his process of gradual privatization. This give the famers an incentive to work whereas before they had no inentive as now they could make profits, as eseen by the rising price of grain. THERE WAS INCREASED PRODUCTIVITY AND DIVERSIFICATION OF GOODS AMD THE INCOME OF THE PEASANTS doubled as well giving rise to the phrase mao united us but deng fed us. The excess labour freed up form the increased productivity allowed for the rise fo town village enterprises as well, producuting household goods such a bricks and textiles. These tves became so successful and productive that they even began to challenge state owned enterprises. Thesse tves shaowed dengs atenot ti nive tiwrads a higher skill level of proufction of goods. Firstky deng raises productivity in agricuoltural and thius feeding his people and thi slowed denf to branch into other forms of urban reforsm which raises the standard of living and led to economic growth as these higher value added policies contributed more to GDP for the same amount of labour. Deng;s urban reforms were significant and a departure from the Mao era with more economic liberaisation. Deng turned away from heacy machinery into light machinery, transforming china to take over as thew rolds leader and main producer of electronic goods, toys and textiles, largely spearheading economic growth. In addition, there was also some privatisaton and reforms of state owned enterprises. Many f these soes were not productive and were making losses, with deng;s policies of soes were responsiblbe for profits and loss, and dengf even allowed some of the poorly performing soes to fail showing htat deng was focusedo n resturcutring the conomy and increasing productivity. This liberealisation also appled to workers as they wre givein more freedown to look for thei own jobs, enmding the iron rice bowl which disincentived workers to

work harder, By making it clear that the people had to take responbibility for themselves , in soes as well, deng stopped the wasterufl lack of resoruies wich would have propped up underperforming soes and incentived workers by removing the safety net. In additon, there was also prize liberalization as seng moved towards a market orientate d economy, Deng introduced a final track pice system with pries determind be tht free marked in 19884. BY 1992, 7-0 percent of ocnsumer goos were determined by the free makre,t Thus restructuring lef to a boom in the conomy as pries riose beyond the originally state controlled rpices and thad the effect of epanding china;s priductin as chona inducrises expanded ot keep up with the deman. Deng also opened up Chian to wthe world leading to an infleux of FDI, a move away from the previous isolinist aproruch where capitaist forgerigners were the enemy,y. Tjos arpse tjrpigj the creatopm pf s[ecoa; eecpmp,oc zpmes. ,amy cpasta; cotoes tjat nenefototed frp, access tp g;pna; trade. The seza were a parge success in attracting fdi wit hdeng himself signing contacting with boeign and coca coa I n his visit to usa. Deng even expanded the number of sex.s this allowed the vita exchange of technily and information china sorelu lacked enabling china to rsie as an economic power by providing china with the means to move towards other profitiable forms of industry. While it is celar Dengs polocies of economic liberalization were highly successful towards driving economic growth. One should also take into Dengs political acument. Deng had to codpe with mmy traditonalists while implemenmting reforms and was skilledi in conviinvcing them china could essentially stioll ne communist by decalring the poverty is not socialism much less ocmmunis,. Frng pursued ecoomic reforms but cruciall not political ones with a tight rein o f opposition which can be seen when he shit down the democracy war.Deng thus presenved social stability in chian allowing for a conductiie ecnivornment for economic growth, ursiuing it over femocracy, his devotion to is goral is nowhere more ecvident than when he toured the ssouthere state after Tiananmen to resa7ssre 00e90oe tyat ecoh9j8c fe9ejf were Fruther, the international climate was confuctive at the time of Chinaa economic growth, With chinas massive manpower, it possessed comparitive advantage in manyacutring light industries which many mncs took afvantage of, setting up factoriesi n china. From the 1980s to 2000, tjere was also a lot of preetrade with the growith of mncs and the other economic produers I n asia of the fir foru tiger ecnomies and japan. furthermore, RELATIONS BETWEEN CHINA AND US HAD IMPROVED BU THIS AS WELL , WITH CHINA EREGAINING HER SEAT IN THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL. tHE WORLD WAS IN GENERATL RESCEPTIVE TO CJIANS RISE AND THIS CONTRIBUTES to chinas ecnonic growth through fdi and trade. In confcolu