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CHAPTER II: CUBES; RECTANGULAR PARALLELEPIPES

Solid figures are three (3) dimensional figures or solids that may either be classified as either regular solids or irregular solids. In essence, a solid is any limited portion of space bounded by surfaces. ** CUBE: is a rectangular parallelepiped whose sixe faces are all squares. The lateral edges of a cube are all equal and the six (6) faces are congruent squares.

TYPICAL PARTS OF A CUBE:

section base lateral

diagonal altitude lateral vertex

Base bounding planes located at the top and bottom Lateral face bounding planes excluding the bases Altitude height covering the two (2) bases and is equal to the lateral edge Lateral edge intersection of the lateral faces Diagonal a straight line joining any two (2) vertices which are not on the same plane. Vertex intersection of the edges that is usually formed by three (3) to four (4) lines. Properties of a cube: 1. The lateral faces are parallelograms 2. The lateral edges are equal and parallel. 3. The bases are equal and parallel polygons. 4. All six (6) sides are equal and parallel 5. Any of the lateral faces may also be taken as the bases. 6. Any section made by a plane at right angles with the lateral edge or along the sides of its base are equal polygons. 7. The section made by a plane passing through any two diagonally opposite edges is a rectangle. FORMULAS : TOTAL AREA: TOTAL VOLUME:

AT = 6a2

VT = a3

by 24 in.? 2.7 in.where: cube’s edge SAMPLE PROBLEMS: a -- lateral edge/ 1. Find the volume and total area of the largest cube of wood that can be cut from a log of circular cross-section whose radius is 12..5 lbs per cu.. . and water weighs 62. by 24 in. What is the weight of a block of ice 24 in.ft. if this ice weighs 92% as much as water.

A plane is passed through two opposite edges of a forming a diagonal section bounded by opposite edges and the diagonals of If the area of the section formed edge of the cube. is 49 √2 cm2.cube the two two opposite faces. find the 3. .

Altitude . PARTS OF A RECTANGULAR Lateral face Diagonal With a cutting plane passing through. Pass a plane through a cube so that the section formed will be a regular hexagon. find the area of this section 5. edge of this cube measures 2 ** RECTANGULAR PARALLELEPIPES (lateral faces) are all lateral edges are perpendicular to its a type of polyhedron whose six faces rectangles and whose bases. determine the area the triangle generated from the inside. From the figure shown... of Lateral m. If the edge of the cube measures 2 ft.4..

7. Any opposite faces maybe taken as the bases. 4. The section made by a plane passing through any two diagonally opposite edges is a rectangle. FORMULAS TOTAL AREA: : TOTAL VOLUME: AT = 2 (ab + bc + ca) where: b a length width VT c = abc height SAMPLE PROBLEMS: . All faces including the bases are rectangles. Every section made by a plane parallel to the base is equal in area to that of the base. The diagonals are equal. 6. Lateral edges are equal.Base Lateral edge vertex Properties of a rectangular parallelepiped: 1. 3. 2. 5. Opposite faces are congruent and parallel.

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