Religious Conflicts The two main religions in Nigeria are Islam and Christianity.

Muslims make up more than 50% of the population and mainly live in the North of the country, which is populated by the Haussa tribe. There are as well Muslim majorities in the South Western, Yoruba part of the country, namely in the federal states of Oyo, Ogun und Osun, which are closely located to Lagos. The majority of the Nigerian Muslims are Sunnis. Nigerian Islam has become more heterogenous with the springing up of many islamic sects and a parallel rise on the number of radical Islamic groups, notably among them, the Boko Haram, the Maitatsine and the Dar ulIslam among others. The rise of radical movements has been attributed partly to the poor socio economic infrastructures and poor governance in Nigeria. Christians are the second-largest religious group and makes up to 40% of the population. Protestantism and local syncretic Christianity are dominating the South Western, Yoruba areas (excluding the mentioned Muslim enclaves), while Catholicism is mainly found in the Southern Ibo/Igbo and closely related areas. Up to 10% of the population are adherents of other traditional African religions, whereas the boundaries between them, folk Islam and Christianity often overlap. Fetishism and ancestor worship play an important role for the Nigerian Christians and Muslims. In general, however, the country should be seen as having a dominant Muslim north, a mixed Christian and Muslim Southwest and Middle belt, a non-Muslim, primarily Christian South East and South-South, with each as a minority faith in the other's region. Inter-ethnic conflict in Nigeria has generally had a religious element, like the Riots against Igbo in 1953 and 1966 in the North, or serious outbreaks between Christians and Muslims in the 1980s in the southern Kaduna State in a border area between the two religions. Since the democratisation of Nigeria in the year 1999 religious conflicts have been broken out increasingly, above all because radical islamist groups like Boko Haram try to establish a sharia-based religious state in the north, as well as for the whole country. Since then thousand of people have been victims of religious genocides and attacks. Boko Haram also took responsibility for the attack on the UN-Head Quarter in Abuja, whereas 24 people died.

Statistics Democracy Index 3.47 (DR Congo 2.2; South Africa 7.8; Norway 9.8) Population ~155 mil. (ranking 8) Abuja ~2 mil; Lagos ~11 mil. HDI ranking 142

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