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HOMERIC HYMNS. .(f.

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A. NOW CLASSICAL MASTER IN THE ROYAL HIGH SCHOOL. (GLASGOW) FORMERLY SNELL EXHIBITIONER OF BALLIOL COLLEGE. (OxoN. M. B.THE HOMERIC HYMNS TRANSLATED INTO ENGLISH PROSE JOHN EDGAR.A. EDINBURGH.). TRANSLATOR OF AESCHINES IN CTESIPHONTEM EDINBURGH 55 JAMES THIN SOUTH BRIDGE 1891 .

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the glamour of old time away. . streets monotonous be round him thrid By care-worn So mortals lacking time to stay. Harks to the prisoned voice of murmurous shell.Who. in the shell of old Homeric lays. And rests on quiet shore mid city strife. fretted by the haste of fevered life. In fancy wanders by the grey sea swell. We hear hymned When Of Be echoes from the world's prime. hill gods were shepherding on and plain . And And the blue infinite of sky be hid. our hearts beat fresh again. Great boon ! if brine-crisp air be far away. the glad surprise gods revealed. And though far the simple faith.

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.INTRODUCTION.

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our scholars. having assured themselves that they were Post-Homeric. Yet the poems. The Iliad and the Odyssey are such bright suns in the firmament of poesy. The scholars of England have imitated the great ancient critics of Alexandria in treating the collection of poems with unmerited coldness. They are ancient. that the lesser lights of these Hymns have not been so conspicuous in the world of literary scholarship as their worth and interest deserve. THE following pages contain a translation into English prose of the old Epic preludes and lays known as the Homeric Hymns. have left the work of editing and annotating them almost entirely to the Germans." There are certainly difficulties and obscurities . contain much that is beautiful and interesting to the classical student.INTRODUCTION. and afford fertile a field for the exercise of scholarly taste and critical ability. more especially the longer ones. but not ancient enough and . is The motto which heads Dr : Gemoll's preface " an apt one o [lev Oe\a>v /ULa\e(rOat TrapecTTi yap /xaxecrO<o.

when public of Homer became more and more a festivals." Their Date. and gave rise to a new order of minstrels. perhaps known as Homeridae. the author or authors of the primary Iliad and Odyssey marked the close of the early minstrel or ballad period. is seeking for new worlds The poems have an interest also to the student of Mythology and the History of Religion.TO Homeric Hymns. or Thracian adulterations. in the text to enough tempt any scholar who to conquer. The mystic and philosophic developments of later times are only traced in one or two of the more recent poems. manifesting but little evidence of Egyptian. "they do to a certain extent continue the same stream of feeling. For he was succeeded by first a long line of bards and reciters. They come mid- way between Homer and though we find in the deities who were unknown the Tragedians collection . and the same mythical tone and colouring as the Iliad and the Odyssey. and to Hymns to Homer. recitations and afterwards. the simple and rude ideas of the early Greeks still prevail. as Grote says. so also he marked the beginning of a new Epic period. Therefore. it The later Rhapsodists were not composers was . As Homer the eponymous founder of the Epic. Asiatic. as recognized part of public Rhapsodists.

but it is own compositions. and sometimes even passed them off as the The Homeric offspring of the Homeric Muse. . The must If refer the reader to the notes of Baumeister and Gemoll. then there present complete form by no . and that to Aphrodite is Hermes the latest. we accept the now commonly B.C. period between full I majority belong to the 700 and B. and that too of no mean How far they had a share original Iliad in adding to and cementing the and Odyssey we cannot say. They are not the work of any one author or age. though It is M tiller was of opinion that this collection contained specimens belonging to Homer and Of every century between the Persian wars. 1 1 enough for them to recite the poems of Homer.C. even of the shorter poems contain some phrase or reference to guide us in fixing a probable Many date-limit. improbable that any of them was composed earlier than the first Olympiad B. to the longer Hymns.C. that probably the oldest. but for a discussion of the age of the individual poems great B. 450. and make them vivid and impressive to the people of Greece poets. 776. certain that they often recited their Hymns are a collection of original preludes and Epic lays recited by these Homeric Rhapsodists. but many of the earlier were themselves order.C.Introduction. received doctrine their is that the Iliad and the Odyssey had received 800.

155). as the date of the second enlargement. Most of great name of Homer. One of them indeed is a literal transp. covers a wide area." If we take advantage of these admissions of modern scholarship. in discussing the age of the Odyssey. must be older than B. his Homer "The bulk of the (p. and also by the fact that some of them are evidently copies and imitations of others (vide Gemoll. Thus the Hymn to the Delian Apollo was doubtless recited at Delos. 800.C. and are not without a fair claim to be sheltered under the who composed bounds of probability that the the Hymn to Aphrodite and That many authors at different times must have had a share in the composition of these Hymns is shown by their great internal differences of style and language." and again Homeric.1 2 Homeric Hymns. 660 B. 173). that Kirchhoff has gone too low in assigning circ. says. and another undoubtedly cription owes its origin to the Boeotian School. then.C. . like their date of com. from Hesiod. But Professor Jebb. at all that the doubt whole of the Hymns in are Post- book on Homeric (p. " It cannot be shown. position. the important Hymns contain some hint to guide us in fixing the place where they were recited and their geographical range. 103). it is at least within the poets the Delian Apollo had some share in giving to the Iliad and the Odyssey their present form. although some poems particular additions to them are later .

" And " from would have a root meaning of this comes the general mean- " " ing song or lay. and the temple of the goddess at Colophon.Introduction. For example. was wrong." 429 "aotcJj/9 . " Works Hesiod. to weave. v^vov a/coiW. to Dionysus at (vii. sideration are not lyrics. Now the poems and their under conis name all used in a some though they invocation to a god. but later scholars have brought forward several quotations to prove that he viii. and xxvi. carried with it in classical Greek a similar connotation. The Hymn tival. and Days" 662 It is probable. therefore. Both by nature and history they differ from lyric and choral song. There has been a good deal of discussion as to the name given to this collection of poems. 101. The word Hymn suggests to us a sacred lyric or song in honour of the Deity. to Ceres belongs to the Panathenaic Fes- The Hymns ix. Od. from which the word is derived. Their Name and Origin. more general contain near kinship with the Epic poems of the Homeric The word vjmvos. that the word "17x1/09" as applied to . web. and claim sense. Theogony. being derived from the School." Hermann denies that the ancients have any such usage of the word.) were apparently recited Hymn (To Diana) at the Brauronia. And V/JLVOS. stem " v(f>. \ 3 and that to the Pythian Apollo at Delphi.

was employed Mure.. ii. to . From the frequent occurrence of such phrases as TToJ? T apa or' vjui. " yuera/^o-o/zcu aXXov us. it Thus the Scholiast "17x1/0? /ciy>09 / Soph. and attributes of the The Mystical and by the Orphic classes are represented Philosophical collection. which some Its more correct title for these poems." divides the Hellenic Hymns into three classes Mythical. was 104).1 4 Homeric Hymns. Hymns who. has original applica- quite the opposite history.w}<T(0 in poems narrating some in incident v/mvo<f the life acquired by of a god or hero. was generally first to in it invoked in the poetical contests at the Festivals. It is to the first or Mythical class that the Hymns in this collection almost entirely belong. Mystical. in his in the sense of prelude. if e? v/mvov" will strengthen the probability for recited at we remember that the poems were being some contest of Homeric Rhapsodists. Electra defines &/." And the formula so often used at the end of these poems. " History of Greek Literature. From that special use became generalised and vol. honour of Apollo (Thucy." Oeov Strange to say the consider the word Trpooipiov. Hellenic Gods. as dealing with the genealogy. and Philosophical. is to be understood in this general sense of "song" or "lay. the word association its later and more in specific meaning of a song to e/9 honour of a god. as patron of song.. tion iii. actions. these poems.

Now it was the prevalent custom that before the recital proper of the Epic Rhapsody . Prizes were given to the most successful or the most popular. divide themselves into A poems and . the word aetSeiv came to mean " recite. Down to the sixth century they probably had complete freedom of choice. Six or seven of considerable length distinctly Epic in character." and for a period the lyre was retained only as a tribute to conventional usage. ing editions of Homer. and of the in several Hymns before us the Rhapsodist.Introduction. 1 5 which the added. The Epic metre was unsuited to a musical accompaniment.) ought also to be again naturally great many short These Homeric Hymns ist. who still calls himself a minstrel. A staff was the later symbol of the minstrel's office. as the liv- as well as the notable Epics. To have who sang of to the accompaniment of the lyre at the feasts in princely houses. prays to the god for honour and success. we must keep before us the origin fact that the ancient minstrels or ballad singers. they made known throughout the country the great poems which told the story of the gods and heroes. and recited poems composed by themselves Afterwards. a clear understanding of the nature and of these Hymns. 2nd. To the great Festivals held in various parts of Greece the Rhapsodists gathered. gave place from the time Homer downwards to the professional Reciter or Rhapsodist. Hymn to Ares (viii.

which so often in our own day opening psalm initiates a religious service or a public ceremony. The H. an invocation or prelude to some god was It was like the delivered by the Rhapsodists. with only one or two excepbe specimens of these religious preludes. xxxii. at these recite an opening Musica." TOWTtvQev T^? eTTOTrot/a? however. c 'e/c cre'o 8' a/o^a/xei/o? /cA>/creo avSpwv Jj/miOeow.'' The Locus it Classiciis.I TWJ/ a\\b)i> 7roirj<Tiv. yei/o? 1 8. "0X059 t]8r) yap OUTOI V TOV At a 7rpooi/uuacraju. ii." To the same Nem. w? j3ov\ovrai. The phrase . Plutarch de TT/OO? rof? Oeovg. effect writes the Scholiast to Pindar." H.1 6 Homeric Hymns. to the gods. These exordia or preludes were doubtless in most cases his composed by the Rhapsodist himself to suit own taste and the requirements of the special Festival.evo$ K\ea acro/xcu rjjuuOecov.ei'oi e^ejSaivov em re Tr\v 'Qjui'ipov KO. and there are two phrases which establish it beyond a doubt. &v K\iovcr' e/>y/xar' aoiSoi. " 1 8. creo c>' apdju. that some of these short poems served not as opening but as closing It is just possible. nature and general drift of the poems supports this. which proves generally that Epic contests to is was customary c. Hymn " TO. to The twenty-eight smaller poems in this seem then.vvi //TTTOJ/TO. Hymns in the rhapsodic recitals. xxxi. began. evOvs a<f)O<Ti(i)a'd/u. collection tions. 4.

L Hymns. The longer Hymns. And at the close of several KO. ap^d/jievos. x"/ e xxi. a legitimate one. To the Delian Apollo. The assumption.. therefore. to be opening Hymns. The most natural. but rhapsodies themselves. making up along with other similar poems or extracts from Homer a Rhapsodic series. of course. marking the completion of a series of Rhapsodies.. first place in accordance with general and the closing verse of the "<reu Hymn to 8 eyw Aphrodite.L 1 7 v(rra. But what are we to say about the six longer Hymns viz. that these may have been end-poems. They may. is that they were not introductions to rhapsodies. " TT/OCOTOJ/ K. e. Aphrodite. The Hymns to Apollo would doubtless take the usage. we find the formula <rv oura) without any transition verse to suggest that other poems were is to follow.O. the Pythian Apollo." makes it also occupied the same at the end of the Hymns B . Ceres.TOv aeiSeiv " shows that the god invoked at the beginning would also be honoured at the end. &c.g. Hermes.Introduction. have been the inaugural poems in their respective series. and Dionysus ? Even an uncritical mind must see that these are too long. religious if not also too secular in spirit. certain that this poem The formulae position. as well as the most generally accepted belief...

descriptive of Apollo's birth. but never in such proportions the poetic unity of the poem. having deity. to the other that must have been an at Delphi. central theme some action of a incidents round which as to or characteristics group themselves. These to be called a Homeric Hymn Hymns. other then. whose songs led up to and were absorbed in the great Epics of Homer. the one as prooemium. the other recording the spread of his influence. Hermes and Demeter show still to at least that other poems were rhapsodist. which might mar Hephaestus if the usual formulae of invocation were added. The Pythian it Hymn is and in its structure bears so curious a later production. . But though the original editors did indeed confound them into one. and the other These as their larger Hymns. it is almost certain that the one was recited at Delos." and that they may have got run together into one by a natural confusion of the editors. are Epic Lays. then.1 8 Homeric Hymns. Moreover. to be the recited by the same Mure thinks that Delian Hymns "may have originally and Pythian succeeded each other in the customary order of celebration. it could hardly have been for this reason. a resemblance imitation. They are closely allied in character with the Song of the minstrel Demodocus in the Odyssey. may be said to carry on the tradition of the earlier Balladists.

attributed to Homer ? The conventional usage was meant of antiquity was to attri- Hymns to Homer. to Homer's authorship aya>i> yv /ecu is as follows " : on. Homer was con- The testimony of Thucydides Hymn. and his words at any rate prove that even in the best educated circles of Athens. he must have flourished at a later . And it is fairly certain. In Book III. that though it is not im- possible that the author of this may have had some share in the latest additions to the Iliad Hymn or the Odyssey. 104. sidered the author of the Delian though the standard of poetic taste was high. But was not a professional critic." There no doubt. and in Thucydides his day literary criticism was but in its infancy.evoi. 7rpooijut. however.. that Thucydides believed in Homer's authorship of the Delian Hymn to Apollo. Je /tat ju. doubtin many cases to stand not for the Sometimes is person of the poet. ev o?? KUI tavTOv is always weighty." eiraivov e? ra^e ra eTrtj.iov.ij. 1 9 Why bute these less.Introduction." and " e7riypa(j>6iui.iov' ev roicrSe au t]\ot. But the name. but his school.evoi 'Q/uu'ipw. while speaking of Delos he makes some quotations from that poem which he calls a The passage containing the reference irpooi.ov(riKrjs ayuiviovinevoi e<f>oiT<0v. a (TT\V CK TOV avTOv TOV yap A//X<a/coi/ xP v T(av yvvaiKUtv vfjLvijaras ereXeJra TOV eTrejuvrja-Ot]. they are spoken of as " ei? "Q^pov ava<pepoiu.

For not to mention points of diction. the . that its author was a blind man. Suidas. the Hymns to Homer : e. period than the real composers of these Epics. in Life of But in Homer. 68 suggests the conclusion of Baumeister. strengthens the other evidence which goes to prove that the author could not have been Cinaethus of Chius. however.g. A poem his composed only some eighty years before time would hardly have been attributed to own Homer We are only justified in historian. if he flourished about the 6pth Olympiad. that Samos to is always meant Samothrace that Delos once mentioned in the Odyssey. Pausanias. and for his poems immortal renown and finally lived at a period when Delos : had become famous from its connection with Apollo. city wandered about city. that the Greek colonies of Asia Minor had by this time been founded. reciting his for poetry from to claimed himself persuasive influence. in i. from the famous closing lines of the inferring Delian Hymn. by the great who lived in Chios. we may recall the fact pointed out by Strabo. y Herodotus Diodorus. word Trpvraveveiv The testimony of Thucydides. many other classical authors of considerable antiquity ascribe Festivals. Homer .2o Homeric Hymns. and had only evidently not yet risen to fame and further. and gathered crowds of lonians to its In addition to Thucydides. most cases they merely represent the conventional .

then. they were effect : name which stood out most prominently. and others consider that their Groddeck. the Hymns Homer. as being of later were not composed by date than the first Olympiad. be attributed to the founder of Epic and Wolf thought that. Ilgen." Bergk and Gemoll hold that the real reason is to be found in the closing verses of . To a similar Mure says " The deference paid to Homer by his own immediate successors amounted to so Epic productions of the ensuing age. to be close a spirit of imitation as to have caused the principal amid the uncertainty classed in popular usage as inferior productions of his own muse. own produc- others that they tions ascribed them to Homer were well known as having been recited at the contests of Homeric Rhapsodists. how did they come to be attributed to him ? Various answers have been given to the question. when the Iliad and the Odyssey seem to have been practically as complete as we now have them.Introductionopinion. assert that poets of that school to win honour for their . and were thus connected with Homer's name. Since. like so many other fathered on the anonymous poems. as to their real authors. 2 1 and their evidence goes for little in face of the results of later criticism. Some who in trace the influence of the Orphic School many of the poems. Epic style caused them poetry to .

Diodorus. Delian Apollo. 1 " 5. But he finds a further proof in the bard's prophecy that his poems will be immortal. difficult to bring about The Collection. There the author calls himself a blind singer.C." Orphic of The statement of Pausanias to imply a that the Hymns for beauty rank next to the It is Hymns col- Homer. the result could not have been very other.. Gemoll points out the possibility that the legend about the blindness was itself derived from the Hymn. and that the reputation of its authorship may be older than the legend. probable also that . in various references. seems knowledge of some lection like that before us. and to have been ascribed to siderable Homer. It is evident that these reasons are not inconsistent with each and that where so many explanations can be given.22 the Homeric Hymns. We find testimony for this imitations.. and Antigonus Carystius quotes the Hymn to Hermes when discussing the number of strings on the ancient lyre. praises Homer in the Hymns. for he holds that to a Greek. The collection of Hymns before us is of con- antiquity. i. immortal verse would at once suggest Homer. quotations. it seems to have existed in accuracy the third century B. and according Hymn to the to the popular legend Homer was blind. &c. and though we cannot with fix its date.

their Wolf thought them as results that they intentionally ignored And the very being non-Homeric. And the passage in the the Hymn to Demeter. 23 Callimachus and Theocritus knew the Hymns. Alexandrine authorities on leading ancient Homeric matters. 877. on the strength of the great resemblance between Book IV.Introduction. to a imitations. For example. of their scholarly researches prove that they did not consider the Hymns to illustrate Homeric usage.. Their silence re- garding them is so complete that the only scholia which can be quoted to show that they knew them at all. statements about Homeric geography show that they took no account at all of the use in the Hymns of Samos. Whatever was the reason for their silence. it is difficult to believe that it was complete ignorance of the poems. and therefore do not come near the dates of greatest scholars. Europa. and Peloponnesus. It is curious. . Zenodotus and Aristarchus. downwards. go no further back than the age of Augustus. &c. for they have written several conscious or unconscious same may be said about Apollonius Rhodius. in view of the that many the references to writers Hymns by the important classical from Thucydides scholars. should have so completely overlooked and neglected them. they assert that Homer and in his their poems makes no mention of himself..

inferior but with careless education. The Where I the one preferred have departed from his reading. the characteristics of the Orphic are others of the Hymns which There all the twenty-fifth verses. A by a man of great deal has been done haste for the text by German editors. It still. 1860). Leipsig. tion of the text makes it clear that this was done the not with the critical skill and loving care of a their original scholar anxious to retain beauty. and we hope that some good English edition will be published before long. text used in preparing this translation was that of Augustus Baumeister (Trubner. poems were committed to writing.24 Homeric Hymns. and were The condifinally collected by some librarian. he must have had an imperfect acquaintance with Homeric poetry. in the person was that brought together one volume these Hymns. leaves much to be desired. The need is great. poem with School. and is a mere patchwork of Hesiodic Baumeister thinks that after a period of flitting existence from mouth to mouth of the rhapsodists. is given in a footnote. have but a doubtful claim to their position. or he Whoever would not have admitted the a Hymn to Ares (viii. however.). I have .

Introduction. but have derived most assistance from the notes and introductory essays of Baumeister and Dr Albert Gemoll. The edition of Dr Gemoll respect within its pages the most recent results of scholarship. (Trubner. embodying is in it as every does German EDINBURGH. . 1886) a valuable one. Leipsig. 1890. 25 consulted the editions and annotations of Ilgen and Hermann.

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.TRANSLATI ON.

.. . . X.111-113 . . XXXIII.. XXVI. III. . IX.. . . . XIV. . . .. XL XII. XXXII. 123 . .... .. . XVI.. . . .... no no no 113 114 . ... . . . . XXX. . . XXII. ... .. VI.CONTENTS I. XXVII. VIII. VII.. . 29-35 36-50 50-73 73-84. . . . XIX. . .... . V. . XX.. XXIV. . . ... . . . .. . .. . ... .. . .. . XXVIII. . To THE DELIAN APOLLO To THE PYTHIAN APOLLO To HERMES To APHRODITE To DEMETER To APHRODITE To DIONYSUS To ARES To ARTEMIS To APHRODITE To ATHENE To HERA To DEMETER To THE MOTHER OF THE GODS To HERACLES To ASCLEPIUS To THE DIOSCURI To HERMES To PAN To HEPHAESTUS To APOLLO To POSEIDON To ZEUS To HESTIA To THE MUSES AND APOLLO To DIONYSUS To ARTEMIS To ATHENE To HESTIA To THE MOTHER OF ALL To HELIOS To SELENE To THE DIOSCURI To DIONYSUS (A FRAGMENT) . II. .. XV. . . 119 120 121 122 . .. . XXXIV. XVII.. 109 109 109 ... XIII. XVIII. . . 114 114 115 115 115 . XXIII. . . . XXI. XXIX. . . .. ... .. . . . XXXI. 116 117 118 ' . IV. XXV...84-103 103-104 104-106 106 107 107 108 108 .

) thy son How shall I praise thee fully. Thunderer taketh his she slackeneth his bow-string and shutteth his quiver. praised as thou art . Therehis stalwart shoulders withal she leads him to his seat. Yea. i. they up from their seats when he cometh nigh. at whose step down the hall of Zeus I the the gods tremble. TO THE DELIAN APOLLO. holding bent his Leto alone abideth by Zeus the shining bow. SHALL remember and forget not Apollo. thy daughter in Ortygia crouching against the long bent of the Cynthian hill near a palm tree by the streams of Inopus. and Artemis the Huntress in O rugged Delos.THE HOMERIC HYMNS. Leto! Blessed in bearing glorious children Apollo the King. all start . Then giving him nectar in a do the other gods seat queenly Leto is glad withal in that she hath borne as a son the mighty Archer. And his father welcomes his dear son. them And (Hail. and from bow with her hands and hangeth it on a golden peg against the pillar of his sire. there. first golden cup. Far Darter.

Scyros and Phocaea and the steep fair-built hill of Autocane. both on the calf-rearing mainland. the city of the Meropes. Thracian Athos.30 in Homeric Hymns. Imbros. and no . the lofty heights of Mycale. on whose either side wave drifted landward before the shrill breezes ? There wert thou born. goodly the seat of Aeolian Macar. and Paros. Thracian Samos and the shadowy heights of Ida. and the peaks of Pelion. O have been allotted the fields (vo/j-oi) Phoebus. Rhenaea. Lesbos. and from isle to isle. Miletus and Cos. above all of song. and harbours of the sea. bright Claros and the steep hill of Aesagea. isle Piresian Aegina. and rocky Carpathus. and towering Cnidus. richest isle that nestles in the sea. many a hymn ? To thee. in rivers hurrying seaward. and thou art Lord of all the folk within the borders of Crete and of sea-washed the dark Athens. Thou hast had delight in all rocks. watery Samos. and inhospitable Lemnos. in the steep crags mountains. craggy Mimas and the peaks of Corycus. and Euboea. in shingles sloping to the tide. Thus widely did Leto fare in travail and with the Far Darter if peradventure any of the lands would be willing to give a home to her son. famous on Aegae. tall of Shall I sing as she lay isle how Leto bore thee first. the the sea. in the rugged Delos. But they trembled sore and were afraid. and windy Naxos. a joy to men on Mount Cynthus. and Chios. and sea-bound Pepar- ethus.

Exceeding haughty. sorely dread in mind and he beholdeth the sunlight. nor honour thee. and hereby should I wax high in honour. at this rumour. I shall not hide it from thee. or grow countless trees. fertile. . would that thou wert willing to be the home of my son. and Delos was " : glad. heart. be rich in Phoebus Apollo. will Apollo be. and questioned her with winged words "O Delos. methinketh. . But I tremble.Translation. and thou wilt ever from alien hands as have plenteous incense . other god will ever choose thee. nor wilt thou bear corn. and spurning me with his foot sea. thy soil is infertile. all men will gather hither to thee. bringing hecatombs. for verily I have a sorry name among men. and said in reply gladly should O Leto. for rocky is my soil. glorious daughter of mighty Corus. Leto. 31 land dared to welcome Phoebus. till : let raise him a rich temple." Thus she spoke. And some other land which delighteth him will he go to fashion . may drive me under the to depths of the Then for ever a great wave will wash over my head in its strength. and to None cattle nor in sheep. and high lordship will he hold over immortal gods and mortal folk on the rich Therefore first I cornlands. I welcome the birth of the Far Dart- ing Prince. not even the most queenly Leto set foot upon Delos. But if thou possessest a temple of Apollo the Far Darter. they say. lest whenas he may scorn mine island. nor wilt thou ever.

and downward flowing waters of Styx. since his fame is wide. With her were all pierced the worthiest goddesses. to swear me a solemn oath that here first he will build a beauti- But if ful temple to be a shrine for mortals all . thou wert minded. under the golden clouds by the planning of white-armed Hera. and moaning Amphitrite. for ever When she had sworn and ended the oath. O Earth and wide Heaven above. Delos ' coming of the Far Darting But for nine days -and nights was Leto King. the Helper in travail. with desperate pangs. Eilithuia alone.32 Homeric Hymns. and Ichnaean Themis. the greatest and dreadest oath among be Verily here there shall a fragrant altar and garth of Apollo. . leafy groves. then among mankind. whenas fair-tressed Leto was soon to bring forth her stalwart blameless son. and the other immortal ones save white-armed Hera (for she sat in the halls of Zeus the Cloud Gatherer)." Thus Delos spake." the blessed gods. who was detaining her in jealousy. But the goddesses sent forth Iris from the fair- . She was sitting on the top of greatly rejoiced at the Olympus. And Leto swore the great solemn oath of the gods: "Bear me witness. Goddess. had not heard the tidings thereof. him a temple and sea-urchins will And on me the make them their nests and the black seals their lairs in safety from lack of men. . Dione and Rheia. and thee will he honour above all.

to the door from out the hall. and she fain to be delivered. Delos. O Pheobus. 33 and promised her a great golden necklace. The Archer. then did labour take hold of Leto. raised the birth-shout. Eilithuia afoot. and spake to her the distance.Translation. Helper of Travail. of the Golden Sword. white. in all just as And like the Olympian goddesses she persuaded the heart of her breast. and wrap thee in swaddling clothes. had bidden. she all hasted on apace and quickly accomplished of the gods. and round thee put His mother suckled not Apollo a golden girdle. And Leto was glad because she was the mother of a brave son. child sprang forth to the light. moving And they fared forth timorous wild doves. C . When sw ift. did the goddesses bathe thee in fair water clean and pure. Sung of Men. So the sward. nine cubits long. On reaching the home winged words. dainty. and pressed her knees on the soft The earth smiled beneath her. lest even then Hera by her words might turn her from her going. she straightway called Eilithuia steep Olympus. set island to bring Eilithuia. Round a palm tree she threw her arms. But as soon. but Themis hanselled his immortal lips with nectar and sweet ambrosia. Their bidding was to call her aloof from white-armed Hera. O Phoebus. wind-footed r Iris had heard their bidding. braided with amber. had come to When was Eilithuia. and newly woven. and the goddesses Then.

no longer did as thou hadst eaten the food divine. say that they are immortal and For he will see the beauty of them all. but all the ends were straightway to the immortal ones did Phoebus Apollo say." shall I declare With these words he began all to walk over Phoebus. And and a curving bow. They and give thee joy. home before the isles and the mainland. the Far Darter. Far craggy Darting Apollo. anon wander folk. now fare over among the islands and the Many tall are thy temples all Dear to thee are lands of and wooded groves. beholding the child of Zeus and Leto. as goddesses in Delos bloomed The whole when a hill-top of is laden with tree-blossoms. didst thou Cynthus. and to men the true counsel of Zeus. the the the broad-wayed earth And Unshorn. O King of the Silver Bow. marvelled. mountains and where the but chiefly dost thou delight thy heart in Delos. . and in joyance that the god had chosen her for his All by thyself. gold. Whoso meeteth lonians at their gatherings will ageless. "Give me a dear lyre loosed. and loved her more dearly.34 Homeric Hymns. the heights and sharp forerivers flowing seaward. nor the bands confine thee. the golden girdle hold thee for thy panting. celebrating thee with boxing dancing and song when they hold the their Festival. long-robed lonians gather in thine their honour with children and chaste wives.

Translation. far as I travel over the earth to fair-builded cities. who dwelleth in rocky ! Maidens men who wendeth is and asketh. make mention of Leto and Artemis the Huntress. His songs will be the best even come. But now gracious be Apollo and Artemis Farewell. when any wandering stranger of earth-born the sweetest to you of the minstrels faring hither. ye maidens all ! ! Remember me even hither in days to 41 come. when first they have sung of Apollo. the fame of which will never perish to wit. the damsels of Delos." . and charm folk. 35 on their men and and delight his soul with gazing their fair-girdled women. And I shall men will believe me. and in whom take ye most delight?" Do ye one and all make the friendly answer. "A blind man. Each would fancy that himself were singing. who. Chios. chanting a hymn about the men and women of old. whom Leto the Fair Tressed bore." And I shall in days to bear your fame. But not cease singing of Far Darting Apollo of the Silver Bow. * Or " musical accompaniment. And withal there is this great marvel. so well is their fair song woven together. And they wot how to the kindreds of the imitate the tones and dance-step* of all men. their swift ships and their many possessions. hand-maidens of the Far Darter. since sooth it is.

hold each the other's hand at the wrist and dance. And all the Muses in joint gifts refrain chant with sweet voices of the divine of the gods and the sorrows of men which by the dealings of the deathless gods they bear. ii. Straightway the immortals bethink them of harp and song. and lovely in form Artemis the Huntress. very tall to look upon. thine are Lycia. sister to Apollo. and sweet the tone of his lyre beneath the golden plectrum. TO THE PYTHIAN APOLLO. and thou too art the mighty Lord of wave-washed Delos. Daughter of Zeus. or defence against old age. . The Son playing on of glorious Leto fareth to rocky Pytho. and Miletus. Thence from earth to Olympus. the fair city by the sea. O King. But Phoebus Apollo playeth the lyre. and Aphrodite. and lovely Maeonia. nor can they find a cure for death But the fair-tressed Graces and blithe Seasons Harmony. Among them danceth one. he hieth to the assembly of the other gods at the hall of Zeus.36 Homeric Hymns. and Hebe. neither unfair nor unstately nay. living reckless and helpless . . his divine raiment his bent lyre is fragrant with incense. And amid them sport Ares and the keen-eyed Slayer of Argos. swift as thought.

and Zeus the Counsellor to see their dear son sporting amid the immortal gods. and through Perrhaebia. afoot. and Enienae. . son of Triopes. with god-like Ischus. famed for ships.Translation. or Amarynthus ? or how along with thyself Leucippus and the wife of Leucippus . Thebes did any one of mortals Nor were there yet roads or paths along the wheat-bearing . he on the chariot at first . . ? Or how in quest of an oracle for men thou didst fare to earth. 37 High and graceful is his step. didst speedily reach meadowy Teumessus. O Far Darting Apollo ? To Pieria first thou didst descend from Olympus. And they are glad in their great hearts Leto of the Golden Tresses. and didst go to Lacmus and Emathea. O Far Darter. and therefrom on the Plain of Lelantum. Soon thou earnest to Cenaeum in lolcus. Thence crossing Euripus. . And thou didst stand But it pleased not thy heart to raise a temple there and wooded grove. Round him flasheth the gleam of twinkling feet and of fair-woven robe. suitors Elation's son. the lover of horses ? or Phorbas. thou faredst up the rich green fell. and didst set foot upon Euboea. . not yet in sacred dwell. Mycalessus on thy way and And thou earnest to the for forest-clad site of Thebes. praised as many a hymn ? Shall sing of thee among and love-making how thou didst go awooing the damsel Azanis. thou art I How in shall I praise thee fully.

didst hie forward. plain of Thebes. Thence thou Far Darting Apollo. Hard by Telphussa thou didst stand. one and all. There the new-broke colt takes fresh breath though to Onchestus. Crossing didst this. rattle The colts meanwhile freed from guidance. the dwellers both in rich Pelo- will ever come To ponnesus. the his driver. leaps to the ground it from the car and foots on the road. shall I rede true dooms giving responses in my rich temple. and speak " this word to her O Telphussa. thou Haliartus. . spent with dragging the beautiful chariot. bringing perfect hecatombs. their masters let them feed. Thence didst thou hie forward. and leave the chariot tilted. And empty chariot. and the providence of the god now guard eth the car.38 Homeric Hymns. And This phussa. If it within the the drivers pray to King (Poseidon). and passing turretted Ocalea. which from Lilaea poureth forth its fair stream. here do I purpose whereon to : to build a beautiful temple as an oracle for men who hither to consult me. And good though he be. and in Europe and the sea-girt isles. All was forest. them. thereafter come to grassy thou didst set foot upon Telpeaceful spot did please thee raise a temple and wooded grove. along the wooded they lead grove. Such was the olden rite. and get thee next to the fair-flowing Cephissus. and come splendid grove of Poseidon. Far Darting Apollo.

nor swift steeds clatter around thy well-builded altar. Inasmuch as thou art purposing to build here a beautiful temple to be a shrine for men who will ever be bringing thee hither perfect hecatombs. and marked out fully the foundations broad and very long. ' in the land. one thing would I tell thee. thy power build for thyself in Crissa among the foldings of Parnassus. Far Darter one word shall I set in thine heart. And some of mortals will wish rather to gaze on the goodly chariots and hear the clatter of nimble steeds. is O my rede though thou art and mightier than I. Telphussa. Ever will the clatter of swift horses annoy thee. But thou wilt reck stronger. and glad at heart wilt thou receive the goodly sacrifices of the neighbouring folk. but in peace will the famous kindreds of men bring their gifts to la-paeon. and not the Far Thence didst thou fare forward. and the watering of mules at my sacred springs. alone might have glory Darter. Far-casting . 39 Thus spoke Phoebus Apollo. There will neither fair chariots shake.Translation. and do thou lay it up in thine heart. and thus ! O Phoebus." With these words she persuaded the mind of the Far Darter to the end that she. King. than (to see) thy great temple and the many " treasures within if it. and sovran King. But Telphussa at the sight addressed him " : was wroth at heart.

where the King. both to the folk themselves. Apollo. and Homeric Hymns. one and responses in all. a monster fierce. Erstwhile did the dragoness receive from golden- . shall I rede true dooms giving my rich temple. and to their long-shanked sheep for it was a cruel pest. come to the city of the Phlegyes. the son of Zeus. and marked out fully the foundations broad and very long. to be for ever. who recking nought of Zeus. built an inner shrine of stone. the King. and spake these words : pose to build a beautiful temple as an oracle for ever come hither to consult me. stark and huge. beneath snowy Parnassus. sung of a clear flowing spring. is Near by which was working much harm to the people in the land. Therefrom apace thou didst quickly advance to the uplands. a slope that faced it the west. and round it countless tribes of men raised a temple of polished stones. sons of Erginus." Thus spake Phoebus Apollo. bringhecatombs the dwellers both in rich ing perfect Peloponnesus. And thou gattest thee to Crissa. And upon them Trophonius and Agamedes. and in Europe and the sea-girt isles. with his mighty bow slew a dragoness. dear to the immortal gods.40 Apollo. dwelt in the land within a fair glen near the Lake of Cephissus. Above hangs a cliff. an overweening folk. trysted him to build a beautiful " Here do I purtemple. men who will To them. and beneath run There Phoebus the shaggy hollows of the glen.

who excelleth among all the blessed immortals. Read with Gemoll. the Silver-footed. 41 throned Hera the dire and terrible Typhaon. beginneth to dishonour me though he hath made me his dutiful wife. how Zeus. received him and nursed him among her sisters. I shall forthwith contrive that a son be born to me who shall excel among the immortal gods. the halt of foot.* hands and hurled all down. casting him into the broad sea. Even now he hath without mine aid begotten the brighteyed Athene. the daughter of Nereus.Translation. and rear him a curse to men. Whereas mine own son Hephaestus. is the meanest erst raised^ in among whom I myself my the gods. begotten Straightway was queenly Hera wroth. To him did Hera give birth because of her anger at Father Zeus. and that without dishonouring thy sacred 139. future I among the immortals who keep wide devise not for thee Beware now. " Hear Cronides had from his head glorious from me. But Thetis. and spake thus among the assembled gods. and thine entirely hath she been heaven. whenas Athene. that ill. Would that other favour she had done to the immortal gods this ? ! Cruel and crafty Zeus what new device is How hast thou dared of thyself to give birth ! to bright-eyed her forth called ? Athene ? Could not I have brought Yea. * v." and remove asterisks. the Cloud Gatherer. ye gods and goddesses all. " ov re TTOT' CUTT). some Yea. .

O Earth hand. the once to the bed of Zeus the Counsellor. as far as Zeus the Far-seer is stronger than Cronos. and ye Titans divine who dwell beneath the ground in vast Tartarus. the days and nights of the revolving year were being accomplished and the seasons many pray.42 Homeric Hymns. bed or mine own. Then forthwith prayed Ox-eyed Queenly and striking the ground with down-turned Hera. she brought unto gods nor forth a child like neither men the dire and terrible Typhaon a curse for mortals. Hera at the sight rejoiced in her heart. and from whom in spring gods and men. stronger may he be. and Now when came round. Nay." With these words she struck the ground with palm of her hand. Arid Earth the life-giver moved. but Oxeyed Queenly Hera abode in her temples where took delight in her sacrifices. but abiding far aloof from thee I shall consort with the immortal gods. for she weened that her prayer was fulfillThenceforth for a full year she came not ing." Thus having spoken she moved away from the gods with angry heart. and grant me a son without the aid of Zeus. nought inferior to him in strength. nor to his beautiful seat as aforetime (when she sat thereon and planned shrewd counsels). " Hear me now. uttered this word : and broad Heaven above. Forthwith the Ox-eyed . List to me now all of you. And I shall not go to thy couch.

in his strength. shall Typhoeus nor the Chimaera shield thee." Thus did he speak his curse. And the dragoness received him and many were the : woes she wrought among the famous kindreds of men.Translation. Him they hight the Pythian where she lay the strength of the why him. Then the did Phoebus Apollo wot in his heart fair-flowing Fountain had bewrayed . Then rent with grievous pangs she lay panting sorely and rolling over the ground. Hence now is she called Pytho. fleet Helios rotted the monster. awful day of doom. until let loose upon her his arrow on him she would bring the the King. weird. full wood Hither and thither through the many times she rolled. 43 Queenly Hera took him up and gave him to the dragoness. Far Darting Apollo. thereby joining plague to plague. : Over her Phoebus " There now rot upon Apollo invoked this curse the fruitful ground. Whosoever met her. and left her in murderous soul death. But darkness shrouded her eyes. but the swart Earth and Hyperion the Slayer shall rot thee where thou liest. A sound arose. for there King. Thou at least shalt no longer live to the fruit of the be a woeful scourge to the folk who eating fertile land shall bring hither In nowise from ruthless death hateful perfect hecatombs. And the sacred might of Helios rotted her where she lay.

Not one of the crew guessed . who to the King For barter and wealth were they voyaging in their dark ship to sandy Pylos and the folk of . my fame too shall flourish. In form like a dolphin he leapt upon the swift ship in the sea. Then did Apollo spring. But Phoebus Apollo fared to meet them. to offer sacrifices. men by the name him fair-flowing in his heart bethink himself what folk he should fetch as priests. that this Hard by her he took " : his stand. the wooded grove There all close in prayer because he hath dishonoured Telphousian King. and speedily was come. and hid her streams. the city of Minos. whatso he should say of weird from the laurel tree in the dells of Parnassus. to minister in rocky Pytho. against Telphussa he set out. and thus addressed her by deceiving my Telphussa. .44 Wroth Homeric Hymns. . heart thou shouldest keep it was not fated Here goodly land and pour forth thy fair waters. and withal he made for himself an altar in The King. spake and pushed a rock over her stony outlet. As he pondered thereon. and tell forth the dooms of Phoebus Apollo of the Golden Sword. . the streams of sacred Telphussa. were many good mariners Cretans from Cnossus." the Far Darting Apollo. not thine alone. Pylus. in his heart or wotted what he was. and lay on deck a huge and terrible monster. he espied on Aboard her the wine-dark sea a swift barque.

and Same. nor haul up the sail of their purple prow. ford of the Alpheus. exulting in the wind of Zeus. and well-builded Aepu. to Helos. from out the clouds was revealed to them the tall peak of Ithaca and Dulichium. and Taenarus. On she fared past Krouni.Translation. Coursing on her journey she came to Arene. and skirting the Laconian land came sail. There were the crew fain to put in. When she was nearing Pherae. But their trim vessel obeyed not the rudder. but fared on her nesus. shook the barque on every side and strained And the crew sat still on the ship Not even did they undo the tackling in vessel. and go ashore to mark the great marvel and behold with their eyes whether the monster would abide on the deck of the hollow ship or leap again into the teeming gulf of the sea. sped her lightly before the breeze. and sandy Pylos. way of herself beyond fertile Pelopon- the King. and Chalcis and Dyme. and fair Argyphea. where the long-fleeced sheep of King Helios ever feed. sea. Far Darting Apollo. and possess the pleasant land. in terror. And the fresh south wind behind sped on the swift ship. but as first they had set their their dark so did they voyage on. 45 He her timbers. First they passed Malea. a town by the Helios. and the folk of Pylos. And and Thryum. the demesne of who gladdeneth men. . and divine Elis where the Epeans hold sway. and wooded Zacynthus.

Back they sailed towards the East and the Sun their pilot was King : Apollo. So they came to far-seen. leaped from the ship like a meteor at midday. off Crissa was soon revealed the wide gulf which bounds the all fertile along. back again to the ship he leaped unto a lusty and strong man in his prime. Thence swift as thought. for great fear laid hold on all. faring vessel vine-clad Crissa. and the light covered the whole of The wives of the Crissaeans and their fairCrissa. and through shrine.46 Homeric Hymns. and many sparks flew from him. grazed Far Darting Apollo. In winged words he addressed and sped. and the gleam flashed into the sky. . Son of Zeus. But when now she had passed clear beyond Peloponnesus. And there arose a fresh Peloponnese strong west through wind by the will of Zeus. into the harbour. and get ye not ashore. who the crew : " Strangers. and their seathe shingle. looking like who are ye ? whence sail ye the watery ways ? Have ye been voyaging for traffic or at random. risk their life as rovers Why sit and bring ill to strangers ? ye thus downcast. girdled daughters raised their wail at the flashing of Phoebus. the precious Tripods he entered his dis- There did he kindle his flame and play his shafts. Then the King. with his hair covering his broad shoulders. that the ship might swiftly finish her course over the briny sea. rushing stiffly the sky. like pirates over the sea.

his Here will ye keep homestead. The Son of Zeus am I I am hight Apollo. but to the immortal gods. that forthwith a longing for sweet food taketh hold of their hearts. What here ? people ? what land is this ? what folk live We were minded for another land as we Pylos from Crete. and said art in O stranger. but here shall ye keep my rich temple which all men highly esteem. sailed over the great sea. for wherefrom we claim to spring." To them in answer spake Apollo. but one of the immortals brought us hither in our despite. Health and great joy be and may the gods grant thee blessings. inasmuch as thou nowise like face. the Far Darter : " Strangers. But now hither have we come with our ship by no will of ours (fain for our return. that I may know for sooth. .Translation. sated with labour. purposing no ill. You have I . by other route and other ways). and ye shall know the . Thus he spake And to him the : captain of the Cretans made answer. no more now ye return fair again each of you to his goodly city. thine. either in stature or . who aforetime have sojourned will in wooded Cnossus. Pray. tell me this truly. . unto mortal man. nor do up the tackling of your dark ship way with toiling mariners when so ? 47 It is the in their dark ship they come ashore from the main." and " set courage in their hearts. brought hither over the great sea waste. and dear wife. rich my temple honoured among many folk.

dolphin shape. then haul the swift ship ashore take out your cargo and the good ship's tackling. till come with me chanting the Paean. ever be the Delphian altar. Thereon kindle a fire. standing about the altar. Then the sailors dis- embarked on the shore of the sea." Thus spake Apollo. and they down it the mast by the forestays. Come. and from the water hauled on to the land their swift ship high upon the shingle. Then stand ye about Whereas I the altar and make your sea. counsels of the gods. in prayer. and sprinkle in sacrifice withal the white meal. brought to the crutch. at first on the misty swift ship. and pour libations to the Blessed Gods. as he bade them. First they loosened the ropes and lowered the letting sails. and my altar seen afar.48 Homeric Hymns. and will be Thereafter do ye dine by the swift dark ship. and kindling a fire sprinkled upon it white grain. who hold Olympus. And when ye have driven away the desire of sweet food. And Withal they prayed. leapt upon your do ye pray to itself will me as Delphinius. laying large blocks underneath. and the men were fain to listen and obey. by whose pleasure ye shall ever be honoured through all time. Thereafter they took their meal . and build an altar on the shore of the sea. First loose the ropes and sails. speed ye to obey lower the my bidding. ye reach the demesne where ye shall keep my rich temple. they built an altar on the sea-beach.

With feet unwearied hill. King Apollo. with noble and lofty stride. Apollo. and said : way and showed them hast led us far from friends and dear fatherland so hath tell it been pleasing to thy heart to live. after the manner of the Paeans of the Cretans. they started on the way. 49 libations to the by the swift dark ship. the Son of Zeus went before them. and the goodly demesne where they were to dwell honoured of many folk. playing sweetly.Translation.of you with a knife your in his right hand ever slaughter sheep. is we This bid thee fair us how we are even now land neither beareth vines. and unwho are fain at heart for cares. All of those which the famous kindreds of men bring to happy and straits. dancing The Cretans followed him and chanting lo-Paean. : Easy hearts. and withal minister unto men. dear breasts. to Pytho. in To them with a smile. whose breasts the divine Muse hath inspired with melodious song." of Zeus. since thou enquired of him. ! is the rede I shall speak and set Let every man. Apollo led the they drew nigh the his wealthy shrine and rich whereat the spirit was stirred within their temple. and made Blessed Gods who hold Olympus. . and quickly were come to Parnassus. nor that we goodly with meadows should fare well thereon. And the captain of the Cretans " O King. But when they had driven away the desire of food and drink. sore toils. the Son made answer " Foolish mortals. his lyre in his hands.

and Bringer of Luck. lay. where at the dead of night that sweet slumber might be fettering white-armed Hera. by be held perforce in thraldom for shall men All heart. Do ye guard temple. Herald of Heaven. From the gathering of the Blessed Gods she held aloof. and pastoral Arcadia. Now when the purpose of mighty Zeus was fulfilling (and her tenth moon stood in the sky. O Son of Zeus and Leto. or any presumption. Maia. Do you keep it in your Farewell to thee now. will be your leaders. the the fair-haired damsel. shall me my be yours. such as is common to mortals." But I shall remember thee and another III. she brought a child to the light. Maia. the debonair bare him to the caresses of Zeus. respect my purpose. abiding in a dusky cave. an ample store.50 Homeric Hymns. and above all. Son of Zeus and Lord of Cyllene. Sing. and notable deeds were done). and welcome the kindreds of men as they gather hither. TO HERMES. then other whom you ever. is spoken. But if there be any rashness of word or deed. Cronion wooed the fair-haired damsel without the ken of the deathless gods or mortal men. In that hour she gave birth to a . O Muse of Hermes.

did not long lie the sacred the cradle. Welcome my beauty my dancer thee : ! ! ! ! my shell. a prowler of the night. There he found a a prize. and crossed threshold of but up he sprang the lofty cave. (Out of tortoise the tortoise. 5 1 subtle of wit and wile. feast-mate ! Vision of gladness toy. who was ere long to make known fine doings among the immortal (At dawn was he born. a countless treasure. thou wilt do me highest service. on that fourth day of the month whereon the Queenly Maia bore him. Tis better to bide at home when there is danger abroad. A ' my speckled Surely I will boon thou wilt be to me. the Luck- bringing Son of Zeus laughed and hailed it thus " An omen of great luck for me I flout not. when he had leapt gods.Translation. ? ! Whence comest thou hither. a reiver of cattle. Yea. a captain of thieves. and I shall not scorn thee. Hermes was on it first to fashion a minstrel.) He happed At at the outer door the lush grass as it waddled the cave. cropping sight afront thereof. in the evening he stole the oxen of Far Darting Apollo. from his mother's idling in womb divine. son. a pilferer at gates. along.) And the child.' For while alive thou wilt be a charm against baneful . my fair my tortoise of the hills bear thee home in my hands. seeking the oxen of Apollo. at mid-day he was playing on the lute. a robber.

the Son of Cronos. through the breast of a man. chisel of grey steel gouged passes out its flesh. and the lyre sounded And the god sang to its clearly to his hand. but other were . so swiftly did famous Hermes devise and pierced holes in the shelly back of the tortoise. Then he strings." he his raised fair and hied and with within the house with the mountain- treasure. accompaniment a beautiful song. and in his twain hands it. Of such things did he sing. improvising as he sang. own famous maids. he touched the chords one by one with a plectrum. Athwart these by his wit do. and the story of his less jests. the fair-sandalled. of . fixed them therein.52 witchery. when dead thou wilt utter sweetest Thus he spake. and Maia. He sang also of the hand. As when . Then he bent swift tortoise back. and the strong caldrons in the house.the glorious halls of the Nymph the tripods withal. music. how aforetime they dallied in wanton love. as gallants at their feasts bandy reck- He told of Zeus. stretched him seven gut- When he had fashioned with his fingers the beautiful instrument. and Homeric Hymns. and birth. horns withal he fixed the crossbar. and cutting reed-stalks to the lengths. thought thronging as when glances flash from the anxieties harass eyes. whom He he stretched an oxhide and to the two fitted on the horns harmonic .

who leaves * v. over the their herd did the their trail. scheme. and turned himself from side to side like one hurrying on a secret errand. when Hermes came running their stalls. dXXor/xjTTTjcras for av ws. From side to side he drave them. lyre 53 He took the hollow and to for flesh-meat hall then longing he sprang forth from the odorous survey. and all. 86. the thoughts of his heart. When sea. Then roping together a sheaf of this sprouting wood. it in his sacred cradle. as Baumeister suggests in his note. weaving together tamarisk and myrtle twigs. Helios had sunk beneath the earth into Ocean with his chariot and his horses.Translation. sunder off fifty lowing kine.* But an aged carle. such as robbers ply in the dark nighttide. From sandy ground. he tied it as light sandals under his unshod feet. Far-gazing Argeiphontes. Forgetting not the art of his cunning. pondering in his mind a fell laid. which he had plucked on Pieria. he had cast his shoon into the sand of the he plaited wondrous work beyond imagining and thought. Read SoXiyv for 5o\i'x'?i / . inverting himself fared again down the mountain. to disguise his footmarks.. the hinder in front and prints meadows. he reversed their hoofthe front behind. . where the divine oxen of the Blessed Gods had to the and grazed on the beautiful unmown Son of Maia. misty heights of Pieria.

with his knife and fitted it to his . as long as no scathe is come to thine own. and the warm smoke fit arose. was setting a rich vineyard floor. I bid thee. espied him as he was hurrying to the plain through grassy Onchestus. old Crook-back. and through ' echoing and flowery plains the famous Hermes drave them. darting afar its stream wide-blazing While the might of famous Hephaestus kept the . faggots. and be silent. Lifting a fine laurel branch he barked hands. light. Unwearied they reached the high-roofed byre and the troughs that edged the shining meadow. but see not. digging there first Him among when all the trees. addressed : the Son of glorious Maia "Verily. and Morn that calleth glens to toil was quickly dawning. munching lotus and dewy clover then he gathered a pile of . But his murky ally Divine Night was well-nigh ended. . have ears." kine. Have eyes. When he had there Apollo to the fed well the all lowing kine with fodder. thou wilt have wine in plenty these bear fruit. and had resort to the art of it fire. . With these words he chased forward the strong Over many a misty fell. but hear not. when the brave Son of Zeus drave the broad-backed kine of Phoebus river Alpheius. upon it within The of flame shone out.54 Homeric Hymns. he first drove them together within the byre. and placed these a hollow of the ground. And he took many dry brands in plenty for burning.

a countless time. immortal though he was. If ra 5t is to be understood here after the rd. When the god had finished all in order. he placed some of it. even to his strong desire. &c.Translation." . adding task to task. fire alit. 136. Natheless his stout heart yielded not. and. This he pierced with wooden and roasted the flesh. throat. after heaping up dry faggots. quenched * v. spits. as even now in later times they are made enduring a long Therewithal did time after. merry Hermes drag the fat carcases upon a smooth to each reef. And he laid it down there upon the ground.. bored out their lives and cut off the rich fat meat. translate "As to the fat. &c.ti> in 134. since the sweet savour distressed him. for the rite of the flesh-feast. and quickly piled them high to be a trophy of his recent theft* And heaping up dry faggots he destroyed the fat heads and feet entire with the breath of flame. and threw them both panting to the ground upon their backs.. the broad chine. for his strength he dragged out near it two lowing ambling was great.. he burned entirely. he cast his sandals into deep-eddying Alpheius. to But he placed the let it pass his sacred and the plenteous flesh in the high-roofed byre. . fj. Then bending down he rolled them round. . But the skins he stretched out on a flinty rock.. and set apart twelve portions by lot god allotting Hermes longed Then glorious the offering due. and the dark blood pursed in the entrails all together. 55 kine. the rest.

entered the hall through the bolthole like a wind of autumn or a mist. his hands playing with the coverlet over his knees. But the god escaped not the eyes of his god" dess mother. the Son of Zeus. why fearest thou thus for me. bedight in impudence ? Erelong. or by-and-bye be a To robber in the glens. Wrap- ping the swaddling clothes about his shoulders. which . heights journey either of blessed gods or mortal men not . and covered with dust the dry ashes.56 the Homeric Hymns.) Quickly was glorious Hermes come to his cradle. creaking of footsteps was on the floor. meseemeth. Trickster." her Hermes made " : answer with cunning words Mother mine. and she addressed him thus On what errand. and from whence farest : thou thus in the night-tide. Anon even did dogs bark at him. which knoweth but little mischief in its heart a trembling creature. he lay like an infant. With bended head Luck-bringing Hermes. his beautiful lyre guarded at his left. at dawn he reached again the divine None met him on the long of Cyllene. thou wilt either pass forth through the porch with strong thy vile fetters bound about ribs at Apollo's hands. as for an infant. embers. (And straightening himself he reached the rich inner chamber of the cave with soft treading feet no .

feareth a mother's chidings. when Apollo came on his way to Onchestus. 57 I Verily shall ply my counselling myself and thee Nor shall we twain of the immortal unceasingly. in laden with than at home a dark cavern. Better far to hold converse for ever among spoil. thyself shall see Thus were they addressing each other the Son of Aegis-bearing Zeus and Queenly Maia. bringing light to men. too shall obtain if worship with not. carle." And if thou hast a mind. For I shall go to Pytho. daughter of Dawn. immortals sit I rich. aye. methinks shall outplan him with another.Translation. and break open his great temple. a greater scheme. To him the Son of glorious Leto first made speech : "Aged hedge-cutter of grassy Onchestus hither. the beautiful grove sacred to the boisterous Earth-Shaker. wherefrom I shall plunder great store of goodly tripods. and caldrons and gold. trimming by the wayside his vineyard hedge. shall Albeit (I my sire grant mine aim be have the power) to become a robber the son of famous Leto seek chieftain. Apollo. There he found an aged the hump-back. and much raiment. . unstinted. But Morning. abundance of flashing iron. "But if I me out. gods brook to remain here without gifts and shrewdest skill in prayers. like it As for honour. it. was rising from the deep-flowing ocean.

58

Homeric Hymns.
I

am

faring in quest of cattle from Pieria

all

the

kine, the crook-horned kine

from

my

herd.

My

black bull was wont to pasture aloof from the rest, and my keen-eyed dogs followed in the rear four
of them, clever as men, and one in heart They were left the dogs and the bull and herein is

marvel great, but the kine went away from their
sweet grazing in the meadow just when the sun went down. Prithee tell me, ancient carle, if thou
hast anywhere seen a

man wending

his

way

after

my

kine."
:

To him in reply the old man answered and said "Friend, irksome were the task to recount all that the eyes may see. Many wayfarers travel by the road, on errands some of much evil, others of
great good.
It

were hard to know each of them.

But

for myself, all

day was
plot.
I

I

digging about the
sir,

knoll of
that I

my

vineyard

Meseemed, good

not of a certainty though and this boy, whoe'er he was, a mere babe, was and he carried a following strong-horned kine
;

saw a boy

know

staff

and walked from side to

side.

The kine he
heads towards

was driving backwards with
him."

their

So spoke the old man, but the god hearing his tale hied more quickly on his way. Now he a broad-winged eagle, and straightway knew espied that the reiver was the son of Zeus Cronion. Swiftly then did King Apollo, Son of Zeus, haste

Translation.

59

on to goodly Pylus
covering his

And

in quest of his ambling kine, broad shoulders with a purple cloud. the Far Darter caught sight of their tracks,
: !

" and spake these words Ye gods surely this Those is a mighty wonder that mine eyes behold.

horned kine, but they are turned back to the asphodel meadow. But these
are the tracks of

my

are the footprints of neither man nor woman, nor of grey wolves nor bears nor lions and it is no
;

shaggy centaur, I trow, which with fleet hoofs maketh such monstrous tracks. Strange footprints
way, stranger still on that With these words King Apollo, the Son of Zeus, hasted forward. And he gat him to the wood-clad
this side the
!

on

"

mountain Cyllene, to the deep-shadowed hollow in the rock where the ambrosial nymph gave birth to
the

Over the goodly hill a sweet scent was spreading, and many long-shanked sheep were at pasture on the grass. There he now
hurried

Son of Zeus Cronion.

the rocky ground into the dim cave Apollo himself, the Far Darter. But when the Son of Zeus and Maia saw that Apollo, the Far

down

Darter,

was wroth about

his kine,

he sank within his

fragrant swaddling-clothes.

Like as the piled wood

embers are covered by the thick ashes, so did Hermes hide himself at sight of the Far Darter. In small
space he drew together head, and hands, and feet, like a new-born babe, and with his shell under his

arm courted sweet

sleep though full awake.

But

60
the

Homeric Hymns.
Son of Zeus and Leto
fair

failed not to recognise

the

mountain nymph, and the little boy, her son, wrapped though he was in sly craftihood. When he had scanned each recess of the great
cavern, he took
closets full

a great key and opened three Withof nectar and goodly ambrosia.

in

them were lying much gold and silver, and many purple and shining garments of the nymphs, such as the hallowed homes of the Blessed Gods contain. When the Son of Leto had thus searched
all

the recesses of the great cave, he spake these
"
: !
!

Ho boy thou lying there in thy cradle tell me of my kine full quickly, or soon we twain shall quarrel beyond all seemliwords to glorious Hermes
!

ness.

Yea,

I

shall take

and hurl thee into murky

Tartarus, into dread impenetrable darkness.
shall

Nor

thy mother, nor yet thy father bring thee back to light, but 'neath the earth shalt thou

wander a leader among men undone." To him made answer Hermes with " words Son of Leto what harsh word
:
!

crafty
is

this

thou hast spoken ? Is it cattle of the fields thou art come here to seek ? I have neither seen nor

heard of them, nor listened to another's story. I cannot tell of them, nor win the tiding-fee. In no wise am I like unto some stalwart reiver. That is

no task of mine
of sleep,

;

till

now
and

I

think of other things

about

my my shoulders,

mother's milk,

my swaddling-clothes my warm baths. May

come down from thy cradle. to be yclept for ever the Robber-Lord." stole seen any other who kine may be. whistling loudly as he maintained this false tale. as he was lifted in Apollo's hands. This belike will be thine honour among immortals in days to come. in his arms. Absurd I is this thing But yesterday was the born. my An feet are thou speakest! tender and wilt. thou friend of dark night. thou sleepest the last long sleep. Up. thou wilt break into soft " ! goodly houses by night. I I thou shall swear a great oath by my father's head. And many herds- men of the fields wilt thou harass in the mountain whenas thou longest for flesh. But with a : addressed him deceiver ! laugh Far Darting Apollo Thou innocent thou cunning ofttimes. and took the boy Then the doughty slayer of Argos. of that I Thus he spake. he winked and looked this way and that. bethought him. 61 ! none learn how it this strife hath arisen In sooth would be marvel great among immortals that a child new born should cross the threshold after stall-fed oxen. and with many a darting glance from his eyes. methinks. . lest glens. nor have I your kine whatever know but hearsay." Thus spake Phoebus Apollo. pledge me I neither am myself to blame. and many a man wilt thou beggar by ransacking his house without noise so knavish are thy words. and happenest upon the herds and the woolly sheep. way that is rough beneath.Translation.

on the one hand. swiftly did he step over the sand ahead. and let forth an " omen. was holding glorious Hermes captive. most Is it for furious of all the gods thy kine that thou dost vex me ! breed of cattle thus in thine anger ? Perish the Why. I neither stole your kine I myself. his ears folded " round his on either side the wrapping that was shoulders. and thus replied ? : Whither dost thou bear me. and : Hermes addressed him thus " Good Luck. Let our cause be tried before Zeus Cronion. Apollo heard him. hasted forward. an insolent messenger. Son of Zeus and Maia By these omens I shall by-and-bye find my stout Thus he beasts and thou wilt lead the way. Far Darter. nor have seen the thief . Fain as he sat down afront him. With his hands he drew up to ! . but the Cyllenian god by his craft and wily words was fain to deceive the God of the Silver Bow." but Cyllenian Hermes briskly rose and spake." Thus were Hermes the Wanderer and the famous Son of Leto with angry hearts wrangling over all the matter at great length. Apollo.62 Homeric Hymns. and threw famous Hermes from he was bantering his for the road. of that I know but hearsay. hands to the ground. whatever kine may be. Swaddling-bands. Albeit when Hermes found him a match for all his wiles. and straightway thereafter sneezed. informed by sure augury about the kine." a wretched belly-thrall. with the .

63 Son of Zeus and Leto behind him. yea. fared neither with feet nor hands over the sandy of ground. miracles of a For the black dust showed the my kine facing towards the asphodel but this boy himself. meadow. or all the robber-folks upon the earth." To him in reply spake the King. after I had fared a long way a knave beyond all gods that I : have seen. : questioned his shining son. And Zeus. Far " Sire. these goodly sons of Zeus to their father Cronion. For there were justice. art thou driving this mighty booty. this new-born child of herald's mien ? Pressing matter this to come before the assembly of the gods. to Their hoof-tracks were huge glorious steps god. my kine from the meadow. peerless contriver. who thunders on high.Translation. He making straight for Pylos. the one lover of spoil. by other device did he make the . O Phoebus. Nay. and drove them off at evening to the shore of the boisterous stole sea. Hermes and Apollo of the Silver Bow took their place. In front of the knees of Zeus. wonderment. addressing him thus " Whence. Soon were they come to the heights of fragrant Olympus. not paltry is the tale thou Darting Apollo : soon wilt -hear. set for the twain the scales of Fair was the day on snowy Olympus* and in the wake of golden-throned dawn were the gods gathering together. though thou tauntest me as being This boy here I found a thorough thief on Cyllene's heights.

" When he had spoken thus. cannot tell thee of them. but when he had crossed the great stretch of sand. a device as strange as if one were sandalled with toppings of the oak. the immortals. he laid him down in his cradle. as if wrapped in dark night. and bluntly did he at once speak out " I have neither seen nor learned (of I your kine).64 Homeric Hymns. So long as he followed the sandy road. and juggled from one side the road to the other. But he bade threatened me much speak out under great stress. right easily were all the tracks seen in the dust. his plea. for I am true and know not how to to our abode. And none of the Blessed Gods did he bring to witness or to see. and Hermes straightway told his tale among tell lie. Ofttimes did his eyes with his hands while plying his craftiness. Even an eagle's keen when he had he rub glance would not have spied him. addressing it to Cronion. in the gloom of a murky cave. " Father Zeus verily I shall ! thee sooth. observed him driving the herd of broad-faced kine straight towards Pylus. Phoebus Apollo sat him down. and to throw me into wide Tartarus. the their driver trail of the cattle and indistinct on the hard ground. because he forsooth weareth the tender bloom of . nor listened to another's story. journey. nor win the tiding-fee. To-day for at sunrise his came Apollo seeking ambling kine. Lord of all the Gods. Now became Albeit a man stalled the kine in peace.

sight of the mischievous boy. the goodly Son of ing Zeus prevail. be. Believe me for thou claimest to be my sire I neither drove home the cattle. This is sooth I tell. I am pledge my happiness thereto. By and these rich portals of the gods I one day yet avenge the cruel charge. Zeus fared in haste to sandy Pylos at the ford of the Alpheius. And they came to the pastures and the high-roofed byre. as he himself wotteth. for easily doth the mind of Aegis-bear- So the twain.Translation. and I shall Thyself dost know that I am swear a great oath thereto. and drove the E . And I highly reverence Helios and the other gods. Hermes as guide to lead the way. innocent. whereas I 65 but a child of yesterday. I love thee and fear him. as he gave his shrewd and clever denial about the The twain he bade go seek them with one heart. and show the place without guile kine. Yea. in no wise like unto a sturdy reiver. And cast it he kept his wrapping-plaid on his arm. where he had hidden the strong heads of Cronides nodded. There Hermes forthwith gat him to the rocky cave. where Hermes was tend- ing his booty in the night-tide. nor did I go over the threshold. and glorious Hermes did his bidding. nor off." Thus spake Cyllenian Argeiphontes with a wink. and do thou aid the younger. strong though he shall am not guilty me upon him for I . Zeus broke into loud laughter at the kine. gallant youth.

tuned it In his left hand he took his lyre and with his plectrum. string by string. light. 409-413. Cyllenian no need thee to wax Son of Maia * Thus he spake. the stall-fed kine by the counsel of Thievish Apollo was astonied at the sight. I take this difficult passage as a practical answer by Hermes to Apollo's question in 405. and Keivro for peia at the beginning of 412. Thereat Phoebus clearly Apollo laughed \vith joy.66 Homeric Hymns. to flay two kine . a fairly satisfactory sense. and the goodly tone of the divine music passed through his soul. and were placed upon all Hermes. And the withes were soon closely plaited together at his feet on the ground where he stood. and did it sound to his hand. and glancing aside. . new-born infant as : thou art. By reading dyvwv in 410. violent though he were. Now the strong Slayer-of-Argos with many a sidelong glance looked down at the ground. saw the hides on the high rock. and deftly did he soften to his liking the Far Darting Son of Leto. and with his hands Hermes began twisting strong bands of withes. Maia's son took courage and stood on the left of Phoebus Apollo. we get an antecedent for rdi . how hadst thou power. sturdy cattle into the But the Son of Leto. ? Of " ! a sooth for I dread thy might hereafter strong. Harping sweetly on his lyre. " Thou quickly made question of famous Hermes Rogue. and sweet desire laid hold of his heart as he listened. fain to cover over (his fault). Anon * V.

each according to dignity and birth. 67 melodious was playing a clear prelude he began to sing. telling all the ordered tale. the ! skill what charm against carking cares ! what * V. ful is this new song I have heard ! I trow. me Come.fve air6s (raiprrjv. holds the correct interpretation to be " intenta voce. t herein hast thou breast." Following him the translation would " Anon as he played clearly he lifted up his voice and sang. First of the been allotted Maia's son. thou Son of Zeus and Maia. Son of Maia." be. or hath some god or mortal man gifted them a splendid boon. as he struck the lyre upon his arm. pray tell peace. 436. d/j. But a masterful desire seized Apollo's heart within his and uttering winged words he spoke to Hermes " O Slayer of Kine. Baumeister however. hath any known it either of men or of gods who haunt O Olympian Dwellings. Now meseemeth. the noble Son of Maia honoured. 62. For she had Mnemosyne.Translation. He told of the deathless gods and the sombre earth. : devised the worth of fifty kine. and inspired thee with song divine ? WonderNever before. 426." " t V. who hast fashioned a comrade for the Feast.* and his utterance. Schemer. Read irovev/j. and how each god received his allotted portion. gods he honoured in song mother of the Muses. x. Nem. have these Ingenious make our wondrous powers been thine since birth.^o\dSriv. how at first they were. we shall quietly this. save thyself. The other deathless gods. on the authority of the Scholiast to Pindar. . What Reiver.

the patrons of the dance." " Shrewd is thy reply with cunning words request of me. of Zeus. for gifts and honours. and thy mind hath good all things.68 deftness ! Homeric Hymns. art taught in oracles they say. hath given thee glorious the voice of Zeus. and give thee splendid : and fail thee not in making good. young as thou art. This day shalt To him Hermes made thou know it. all O Far Darter. Yea. O Son and brave and strong. my boy. and glorious. to win joy and love and sweet slumber. Far Darter. Know that soon there will be fame among This is the immortals for thyself and thy mother. sit thee down. yet never heretofore hath my heart taken such delight in the festive rites which attend the carles' merry-makings. thy sweet harping. For first among the immortals. Yea. And have learned thy full prophetic power. Comrade though I be of the Olympian Muses. Such is my wonder Howbeit since. thou sittest. myself Thy gift it is to know whatever thou desirest. by now prophecy is his. and praise the saying of at thine elders. sooth I shall tell. and nought do I begrudge thee to master mine art. surely all these are by. for fain I am to be kind to thee in skill in rede and word. I . of swelling music and the passionate pipe-strain. of rich minstrelsy. all And Zeus Thou the Counsellor loveth thee with reverence. thou hast skill in glorious crafts. by this cornel dart lead thee I shall among it the immortals honoured gifts.

" With these words he held out the lyre. he strike the Howbeit thy gift to then. shall know what thou I To thee. the noble Son of Leto. and placed his whip in the hands of Hermes. then.Translation. to amorous dance. the pastures of And now we hill down and fertile dale with the cattle. thy heart prompteth thee to play the lyre. to him it giveth voice and all if it. teacheth mind notes. Apollo took And Then the Son of Maia received them with a smile. . shall graze O noble Son of Zeus. 69 Since. shouldst be over-violent anger. and take thy hands my melodious cleared-toned comrade. male and no need at all that thou. Far left Darting Apollo. but manner of things pleasant to the any novice doth at first impetuously in vain discords will 'tis enquire of desirest. do thou sing. " If skill any trained musician doth with art and enquire of it. the King. There good store of calves. Phoebus it. and to splendid revel a joy by night and day. . friend). gift of mine (and win and harp and make joyaunce by me glory. " Bear it hereafter boldly to rich feast. which wotteth how to tell glorious things in order in fair. took the lyre on his hand. bulls bring So shall the kine coupling with the forth is female. give this lyre. though in thine eager for gain. and entrusted to his care the herds.

him in troth and love that none other among . lest thou rob commerce among men over the fruitful earth. both my lyre and my bent bow. contriving the far heard music of the Then did the Son of Leto make reed-pipes. kind and friendly his Then did Maia's son bend head and pledge him never to steal what my the Far Darter had. And the God sang lush in accompaniment a beautiful song. the goodly hasted back again to snowy Olympus. or by the many waters of is Styx). that in all things to thou wilt do what heart. Contriver. whenas he did he unite in friendship. Sweetly did it sound to his hand. and Apollo with skill played it on his arm. and with the plectrum touched it string by string. Thereafter they turned the kine towards the meadow. from that day forth Hermes loved the Son of Leto. nor draw nigh his strong dwellAnd Apollo withal the Son of Leto plighted ing. delighting themselves with the lyre. For thou hast from Zeus the honour that thou wilt establish Leader. And gave as a pledge to the Far Darter the lyre he loved. Would that thou wert willing to swear the great oath of the gods (either with nod of the head.) speech to Hermes thus " : I fear thee. Son of me of Maia.70 Homeric Hymns. (The twain children of Zeus. Himself withal did invent an art of other cunning. And Zeus the Counsellor was glad. and themselves twain.

. errand. immortals should be dearer of Zeus. "Yea. One mortal I shall ban. But prophecy. I he shall not birds have profit of mine oracle. Son of glorious Maia. who led to me by shall false cry and of perfect birds yea. I I say.Translation. and deceive him. and desireth against my will to consult mine and to know more than the ever-living gods. But whoso trusteth in oracle. it Son of Zeus. perplexing much shall the kindreds of luckless men. mine own self did plight my troth and swear a mighty oath that none other of the eternal gods save myself should know counsel of Zeus. profit of That man is have the mine flight oracle. Do thou. bid me not tell the sacred purposes which far-seeing Zeus is planning. I shall make thee a trusted perfect mediator between gods and men and precious to my own heart. which thou granted neither for thee nor any other immortal to learn. shall come his a fruitless gifts. good askest. that man. And of wealth three-leaved rod and riches give thee withal a beautiful of gold. another bless. Yea. Albeit shall receive Yet one thing shall I tell thee. That is the secret of is Zeus. my the prudent brother of the Golden Wand. 7 1 offspring nor god nor man. which will guard thee from harm. bringing to fulfilment all the course I shall of excellent words and deeds which voice of for I claim to have learned from the Zeus.

over glaring lions.t will grant him highest honour. "As they whirl about each other. though he hath received no gift. This be thy gift." * Thus did King Apollo pledge the Son V. &doros irep tuv may also be rendered " though niggard of gifts. When they are inspired with eating the yellow honey. Do thou enquire of them truly and delight thine own heart and if thou shouldest .72 Homeric Hymns. Sprinkled with white meal are their heads. : and Aegis-bearing Zeus. Thou god of Luck There are certain Thriae. studied even as a boy and my father heeded not. instruct any man if therein.* These then do I grant thee. fortune favour him. Or reading. feeding on honey-comb and bringing all things to fulfilment. and boars of gleaming tusks. 563. then falsely do they speak in mutual confusion. maiden sisters three." . (Yea. and the horses and the toiling mules." t V. and over all flocks be glorious Hermes lord. and dogs and sheep which the broad earth feeds). full fain are they to speak the truth. O Son of Maia. 573. he will ofttimes listen to thine oracle. I folds teachers of prophecy apart This art cattle. when tending Thence they fly hither and thither. that wanton on swift wing. Sivo v<rai. and they dwell beneath the of Parnassus. who. and do thou attend withal to the ambling cattle of the fields. But if they be robbed of the sweet food of the gods. Let him be the one appointed messenger to Hades.

ever doth smiling Aphrodite conquer in love clear-toned Artemis of the Golden Distaff. of the deeds of Golden Aphrodite. who stirreth sweet desire among the gods. And she teacheth glorious arts to tender maidens First in the halls. of all affection. 73 Croriion Maia with added favour. in onsets and combats. Sing to me. I shall remember thee and another IV. But three hearts can she neither win nor beguile. soaring birds. inspiring the heart of each. pleasure Nay. and all the teeming broods of land and sea. Nor . O Son of Zeus and Maia. Little doth he he bless. night deceiveth the Hail to thee. and the work of Ares. to was she to teach the wrights of earth fashion wains and beautiful chariots of brass. Muse. TO APHRODITE.Translation. she hath no daughter of Aegis-bearing Zeus in the deeds of golden Aphrodite. Dear to them all are the deeds of fair-crowned Cytherea. lay. O her joyaunce is in war. all beasts. ever through the mirk kindreds of mortal folk. and subdueth the kindreds of men who die. Grey-eyed Athene. all And gave but With mortals and immortals doth Hermes consort. and the doing of doughty deeds.

and is all temples of the among all mortals she chiefest of the gods. and she sat her down in the heart of the hall. will mind of Zeus the Thunderer. But of all besides there nought that hath escaped her either of blessed gods or of men who die. the loud halloo. Yea. but stoutly refused them. her hand on the head of Aegisbearing Zeus. At her his sister- seducing his stout heart she hath embroiled him with mortal women. the dance. by the counsel of Zeus the Aegis Bearer). Nor withal do the deeds of Aphrodite give pleasure to Hestia. this goddess divine. and the slaying of beasts on the mountains. In gods is she held in honour. spouse. the lyre. she hath even led is astray the greatest. Nay. wedlock Father Zeus granted her a glorious gift. and the city of just men. For her delight is the bow. fairest far of immortal goddesses in beauty. eluding Hera. eldest child of Cronos the Crafty (youngest too. queenly damsel whom Poseidon and Apollo wooed. Howbeit she would none of them. the chaste maiden. choosing the best portion. she swore a great oath which verily hath been accomplished. the shady glen. Of these (three) hath Aphrodite no power to win or beguile the hearts.74 Homeric Hymns. and . who is the and is allotted highest honour. Glorious daughter is she of Cronos the Crafty. her father to he a virgin all her And in the stead of days.

in all body bravely her beautiful and adorning herself with gold. got within she put to the shining doors. But of Aphrodite herself Zeus sent a sweet passion. such Then smiling Aphrodite. hasted to Troy. gloweth upon the everpriceless ambrosial oil which had as her. the mother of beasts. and that she had emmeshed the goddesses with mortal men. Rheia. where Was When she was altar. who had borne mortal sons to the immortals. to love a mortal man. Over the mountain she fared straight for the steading. that she too into the soul might not long be kept from mortal couch. There did the Graces bathe her and anoint her with ambrosial living oil. gods been offered to busking her attire. In her soul therefore he implanted a sweet his passion for Anchises. her mother. Ida she came Ida. sellor 75 And Zeus the eternal Coun- made her his chaste and dutiful wife. had emmeshed the gods in the love of women. . To many-streamed swiftly speeding her way. high among the clouds. and might not some day boast among all the gods and say with laughter sweet that she. leaving spicy Cyprus.Translation. Him did smiling Aphrodite see and hold of her heart. cattle who was then herding on the lofty heights of many-streamed Ida as handsome the immortals. love. smiling Aphrodite. and passion took firm To Cyprus she gat her and her shrine and an odorous entered the fragrant temple at Paphos.

Anchises. The herdsmen were following their oxen down the grassy pastures. In her train went fawning the hoary wolves and and swift leopards greedy for the the sight her heart was glad within her. bears hinds. and shining attire. cruel lions. Round her smooth and neck were beautiful necklaces. and thus he spake to her whoever of the blessed ones thou art that lady. a wonder to see. Daughter of Zeus like unto an unwedded maiden in stature and beauty. flash. In him she halted Aphrodite. or noble Themis. or bright-eyed Athene. And they all At laid them down in pairs in herself fared on to the well-builded huts. a robe brighter than fiery flame. but At the steading she found the hero Anchises left alone apart from the others. and For she was clad in stature. and wore twisted bracelets and shining earrings. with beauty from the gods. who attend all the gods and . or golden Aphrodite. goodly with gold Like the moon did her soft breast braveries. the bosky dens.76 Homeric Hymns. or Leto. and she sent desire into their breasts. that he might not fear her when he Anchises at sight of her beheld her with his eyes. comest to this homestead Artemis. and was wanderall ing up and front of down playing clearly on the lyre. Love took hold : of " Welcome. but he had been left alone at the steading apart from the rest. Or peradventure thou art one of the Graces come hither. was amazed and wondered at her beauty.

reigneth over My father is But Otreus. who all fortified I Phrygia. born of a woman. To thee shall I build an altar on some height a spot seen all round. For Trojan was the nurse who reared me in our hall. encircled sporting. then replied no goddess ? am I. of famous name. So that with thy speech too I am well acquainted. and offer thee goodly victims all And be thou gracious and the seasons through. He led me over much tillage of mortal folk . Artemis of the Golden Argeiphontes of the Golden Staff snatched me away. or one of the "/ 7 Nymphs who on this fair haunt the beauteous glades (or dwell mountain). belike thou hast heard of him." To him Zeus ones " : O Aphrodite. and to myself withal vouchsafe that in long and happy life I may gaze on the sunlight prosperous among the kindreds. having received me at my mother's hands. arc hailed immortal. why liken me to the immortal but a mortal. training me up from my girlhood. and reach the threshold of old age. " Lately did Argeiphontes of the Golden Staff snatch me away from the band of clear-toned Distaff. noblest of earth-born men . the river fountains and grassy leas.Translation. Amany of us were and courted maidens. thy speech and mine own know well. grant me to be excellent among the Trojans make my stock fruitful in days to ! come . nymphs by a countless throng albeit from their midst . daughter of Anchises.

: . if belike I shall same be to them an unfit send a messenger daughter-in-law to the Phrygians of the Swift Steeds.78 Homeric Hymns." With these words the goddess inspired his heart with sweet desire. a rich wedding-feast honourable among ready men and immortal gods. by the bed of Anchises I should be a wedded wife. or not. and thy brothers born of the stock. and show me to thy father and thy dutiful mother. and I did not even seem to touch he teeming earth. by Zeus and your good parents I beseech no sorry lead me a might beget a man like thee maiden. And "They will send thee good store of gold. the immortal Leader. and thou hast come hither by the will of Hermes. and over much ground untilled and unpeopled. as thou sayest. verily foretold that " He the strong Slayer of Argos departed again among But to thee have I the kindreds of the immortals. Do thou take for thyself a full and When thou hast done this. make splendid dower. and woven raiment. and bear thee noble children. to speedily tell my father and my mother in her anxiety. stranger to love. And when he had shown this and spoken. come thee folks mighty necessity was upon me. Love took hold of Anchises. through which among the shaded coverts range beasts of prey. and thy sire is Otreus of famous name. and thus he spake and said " If mortal thou art and a woman bare thee.

And having done them all bravely oxen and around her body. 79 and wilt be my wife for ever. belt. Next slain Anchises loosed her robes. the queenly goddess stood by the couch. Sweet-smiling Aphrodite turned her. she poured over Anchises a sound slumber. Above it lay skins of bears and deep-voiced lions. though he Then by knew it not. then no one of gods or mortal with thee men will here restrain me from mingling now in love not even were Far Darting . Immortal beauty shone from her cheeks . Now ward to the steading whenas the herdsmen are wearing homefrom the flowery pastures the fat sheep. and her head reached the well-builded ceiling. and casting down her beauteous eyes crept to the well-spread couch which already had been strewn with soft rugs for the prince. and did off her shining chair. of goddesses. Apollo himself to hurl whistling shafts from his silver bow. When they had them upon the goodly bed. to enter the house of Hades once peer I had ascended thy bed. Yea. ear-rings and chains. which himself had among the tall mountains. he stripped from got her body first its bright adornments brooches and twisted armlets. and herself did on her beautideep ful garments.Translation. O Lady. I should be willing. and laid them upon a silver-studded the will and decree of the gods he lay by the goddess. Thus speaking he took her hand. a mortal by an immortal.

" Thus she spake. and spake to " Arise. " but thou didst speak un- I pray thee by Zeus. first I saw thee with mine eyes. who will reign among the Trojans.8o the Homeric Hymns. Aeneas laid be his name. I wist that thou wert divine truly. he was afraid and turned his glance aside another way. Son of Dardanus. The most . the Aegis-Bearer. because woeful sorrow hold of me. His handsome face he covered again with his cloak. very beauty of fair-crowned Cytherea. Thou shalt Ones. . Why dost him." daughter of Zeus who coucheth with immortal To him then made reply Aphrodite. slumber she awoke him. is hale " : O mortal men in ! take Anchises. have a dear son. O goddess. There is no fear that thou shouldest suffer scathe from for me or the other Blessed thou art dear to the gods. and children's children will ever be born to him. saying thou indulge in deep slumber now ? Tell me. and neck and fair Whenas appealing to her spake winged words. And Anchises right speedilyheard her from his slumber. and be not over- anxious thy heart. most glorious of courage. if From his : I seem to thee to be such as at first thou didst with thine eyes. when I lighted on the bed of a will godlike of mortal men in comeliness and stature have ever sprung from thy mortal man. But when he saw the behold me eyes of Aphrodite. let me Have pity not dwell among men a living ghost ! ! since no man goddesses.

Translation.
stock.
It

8

1

was

for his

beauty

in

sooth that Zeus

the Counsellor ravished yellow-haired Ganymede, that he might consort with immortals, and, a marvel to behold, be cup-bearer to the

gods in the house of Zeus, honoured among all the immortals, pouring ruddy nectar from a golden beaker. But

grief insatiable seized the heart of Tros,

and he

wist

not whither the divine blast had snatched
his dear son.

away
and

So he mourned

for

him ever

unceasingly.

And

Zeus had compassion upon him,

son gave him high-stepping horses, such as carry the immortals. These he gave him as a gift to keep. And at the bidding of Zeus,
as fee for his

Argeiphontes the Messenger told him all things how his son was deathless and unageing like unto
the gods. Howbeit when he heard the message of Zeus, he grieved no more, and his heart was

glad within, and joyfully drave he the wind-swift
steeds.

So

too

Golden-Throned

E5s

carried

away

Tithonus of your race, a peer of the immortals. She betook her to Cronion of the Dark Clouds, to

pray that he should be deathless and And Zeus consented, and granted her

live for ever.

desire.

Short-sighted was queenly E5s, nor wotted she in her heart to ask for youth, and to get rid of

accursed

eld.
his, in

joyaunce of Eos, the Golden-Throned, Daughter of Mist, he F

Whileas winsome youth was

82

Homeric Hymns,

abode by the streams of Oceanus at the world's And when the first gray hairs streamed edge. from his fair head and noble chin, of sooth the
queenly Eos withdrew from his bed, though she kept and cherished him in her halls with food and
ambrosia, and gave him beautiful garments.

But

when loathsome
he could
in

eld weighed sorely upon him, and no wise move or raise his limbs, this
best.

counsel seemed in her heart to be him down in a chamber, and put
doors.

She

laid

to the shining

And
is

his

voice floweth

on

unceasingly,

no strength, as of yore there was, in " I would not have thee in his supple limbs. such frailty to be deathless, and to live for ever
but there

among
all

the immortals.

If thou couldest live with

thy beauty and stature, and be my husband, grief would not then lap round my shrewd heart

But as

it

is

ruthless eld
;

the

common

lot

will

speedily lap thee round

day bideth by men, woeful, and weary, and hated of the gods. And I shall have great dishonour on thine account,
and aye among the immortal gods, who aforetime trembled at the words and wiles by
for ever

eld which one

which

I

erstwhile embroiled all immortal gods with

my purpose mastered all. But now no longer will my mouth ope to tell this forth among immortals, for deep hath been my folly, sore and nameless, and I have wandered from my wits,
mortal women, for

and couching' with a man

I

have conceived a son.

Translation.

83

when first he beholdeth the sunlight, the deep- bosomed mountain Nymphs will nurture, they who haunt this great and fertile mountain, and are numbered neither among mortals nor immortals. With them the Sileni and the keen-eyed ArgeiThat
son,

caves.

phontes mingle in love, in the shelter of charming At their birth there sprang up also on the

fruitful earth, pines or tall-crested oaks, fair

and

luxuriant.

On

the

tall hill-sides

they stand facing

the sun.

Groves of the gods they are called. Never do mortals fell them with the axe. But
is

whenso death's doom

nigh, the fair trees

first

wither on the ground, their bark around them dies, and the twigs drop off. And at the same time the
soul of the

Nymphs

leaveth the light of the Sun.
in

These Nymphs will keep my son and rear him their midst. But that I may tell thee all that is

in

my mind, in the fifth year I shall come to thee So soon as thou beholdest again with thy son.
with thine eyes thy child, thou wilt be glad at the sight for godlike indeed will he be. Straight;

way thou wilt lead him to windy Ilium. And if any man shall ask thee what mother bore thy dear
son,

remember
is

to answer

him

as

I

bid thee.

Say

that he

thy child
this

who haunt

by one of the blushing Nymphs wood-clad hill. But if thou tell

and boast with foolish mind, that thou hast met in love the fair crowned Cytherea, Zeus in his wrath
will strike thee

with a lurid

bolt.

All

is

told thee.

and all the land. from Demeter of the Golden Sword. and the hyacinth the narcissus too. she breezy sky. the twain together. mead the the rose. Farewell. whom the King of Hades stole away with the sanction of Zeus. to take the beauteous . first. V. of the my song goddess and begin her long-ancled I daughter. the crocus. Queen of fair-builded shall pass Having honoured thee Cyprus. and at its fragrant scent laughed all the wide welkin above. to another hymn. the beauti- iris." sprang Thus having spoken. bloom. goddess revered. a lure to the dimpled maid. sight of Wondrous was all. which Earth by the counsel of Zeus brought forth to favour Polydectes. up the O Goddess. The maiden in wonder stretched out her hands. and speak to my name. I TO DEMETER. Restrain thyself. She was sporting with the deep-bosomed daughters of Ocean. its From its roots withal there shot out a hundred heads. heart. and the salt sea wave. Of fair haired Demeter. a marvel to the both deathless gods and mortal men. but fear the anger of Heaven. and gathering flowers over the lush ful violet. the far-seeing Thunderer. the Fruitful.84 Be prudent of not Homeric Hymns.

treasure . the starry sky. bore her his away on immortal steeds. but her father's Sovran and Lord of all. A round her and she rent with her dear hands the wimple ambrosial locks. sharp pang seized her heart. and no mortal heard her voice. when the maiden called on Father But away from the gods was he seated. While the goddess beheld the Earth. the worshipful Son of Kronos. Cronides. and Helios the king. heard from her cave. and cast from her . receiving beautiful gifts from mortal men. and still hoped to see her dear mother. nor did the fruitful Mead-Nymphs. apart in his temple.Translation. noble Son of Hyperion. with her voice. with the abetting of Zeus. and the beams of the Sun. Only the tender-hearted daughter of Persaeus. brother. and her queenly mother heard it. and up sprang King Polydegmon. He car seized her all unwilling. so long did echoed with her divine voice. and the tribes of hope cheer her great she were. many-named Son of Kronos. the restless teeming sea. heart. the highest and best. where suppliants throng. dainty-snooded Hecate. 85 Earth yawned when the broad-wayed along the Mysian Plain. and on his golden Loud she shrieked bore her away lamenting. Unwilling was Persephone. with his immortal steeds. grief-stricken though The mountain peaks and the depths of the sea eternal gods. calling on Father But no immortal Cronides.

" . . but swiftly along with her darted forth blazing torch To Helios they gat them. Speedily let me tell thee all the truth. in hand. the sentinel of gods and men. blazing torch in hand. "Queenly Demeter. but mine eyes beheld in Gifts." barren sky as of one being ravished. pity I word or deed excellent thy sight. a scion sweet. over dry land and sea. Nine days did queenly Deo wander over the earth. in beauty hear her voice through the " For a goddess' sake. and halted afront his steeds. if ever by have cheered thy heart and soul. shoulders twain the sea-blue then like a bird hasted in search of her. 64. Or reading decis virep. Bringer of Seasons. and no omen came to her with soothfast tidings. Rich what heavenly god or mortal man hath snatched away Persephone and vexed thy dear heart ? Her voice I heard. torch in hand. Hecate met her. " O Helios. veil. I I me * by The daughter whom oft did bore. and the glorious goddess questioned him. spake and addressed her. . not who he . and with tidings to tell. nor ever in her grief did she taste ambrosia and sweet nectar. was. albeit mine * V.86 Homeric Hymns. None of the gods or of mortal men could tell her truly. or lay her body in the bath. With no words did the Daughter of fair-tressed Rheia make reply. Thus spake Hecate. But when the tenth light-spreading morn had come.

and cruel entered her heart. she forsook rich farms of the gods and lofty Olympus. and gat her to the cities and men. there need that thy wrath should be terrible." Thus she spake. And the son of Hyperion " made answer Daughter of Fair-tressed Rheia. And for honour he won the right. to be his cherished spouse. thou shalt know." Thus speaking he called at his bidding swiftly bore like broad-pinioned birds. the gods hast thou in Hades. In no wise is stay thy loud lament. And shriek- steeds hath carried her ing under the murky darkness. No goddess. 87 beams over all welkin. save Cloud-Gathering Zeus. None other of the gods is to blame. to be lord of those among whom he dwelleth. when first the unfit son-in-law among threefold division was made. forcing an unwilling maid. eyes beheld her not. But a pang more dire Wroth then at Cronion the assembly of of the Dark Clouds. Greatly do I Queen Demeter. thy brother of one lineage. long time disguising . do thou if But thou gazest with thy the land and sea from the clear tell me truly of my daughter dear mortal thou hast seen her anywhere what god or man hath taken her away from me.Translation. Lord of All. who gave her to his brother Hades Hades with his loudly. off. to his steeds. But. and they on his speeding chariot. : respect and pity thee in thy grief for thy lissom daughter.

and the queenly goddess deed ? made answer in words. that they might bear it in golden pitchers to their father's house. old And why art not hast thou wandered from the nigh the dwellings. lovely and Callithoe who was eldest of them all. Homeric Hymns. Nor did any man or deep-bosomed woman ken her by sight till she came to the house of wise Celeus. who would welcome are and women younger thee both with word and " Thus spake they. They men to to recognise but standing near they addressed her winged words : "Who dame ? city and of aged folk and whence art thou. I shall tell whoever of women ye are. in the shadow where over her head grew an olive thicket. my to speak the . Cleisidice. The daughters of Celeus of Eleusis saw her as they went after the easily drawn water. where the townsfolks gat them water. doom-giving kings. Eleusis. women of thine own too. who then was lord of fragrant the wayside she sat her down. knew her not the gods are hard for Demo.88 her form. " Hail dear children. and the housekeepers in their child-bearing echoing halls. at the Maiden Well. where there age. sore By in heart. In semblance she was like unto an aged woman who is bereft of and the gifts of garland-loving Such are the nurses to the children of Aphrodite. Four godlike damsels in the flower of maidenhood. To you In no wise unseemly is it story. Callidice.

as parents wish. And straightway in answer the pure maiden Callidice. 89 is Dos my name my lady mother gave it. I could both carry in mine arms a it to the house of man or new-born babe and nurse house. I wot not what land all this is. children dear ! till I am come woman. where the mine. truth to your questioning. of fairest in beauty of Celeus' daughters.Translation. children to bear. and abide herein. Thus have I got hither in my wandering. With their swift ship did they in time touch at Thoricus. women thronged ashore and the pirates too." So spake made the goddess. and women reply " folk their tasks. an unbought slave. And after they made them ready a meal the vessel. that I may for them what tasks befit an zealously perform aged dame. and Stealthily fled set out over the dark from my insolent masters. or who To you may the dwellers in Olympian palaces grant husbands to wed. enjoy my price. we must needs bear the gifts . and spread well. and watch the could teach my master's bed in a recess of the strong-builded chambers. in the after parts of But my heart had I no longing sweet food. From Crete have I just come over the broad back of the sea by no wish of With main force and all against my will did pirate folks bear me away. and But pity me. maidens ! be gracious. Good woman. that they might not by selling me. mainland.

deep-bosomed Metaneira. will welcome if thee. for godlike indeed But thou wilt. Nay. and bore them with pride. they thou art.go Homeric Hymns. and by their dooms protect the city's ram- Triptolemus the shrewd in counsel. blameless Eumolpus. A dear son born in her age is being reared in her strong hall a child of prayers and gladness. Heaven I is stronger This clear hint. readily would any of womankind who saw thee be envious. however." assent. counsels and right parts whom resteth great weight who lead the people. Dolichus. Soon they were to the great tell did they heard. if haply she may bid thee come to our own house and not search after the dwellings of others. If thou couldest nurse him he reach the fulness of youth. and all fully to our mother. Diocles. grief. the dame at a generous wage. for Heaven despite our far. our noble All their wives manage in their households. and not one of them would at first sight scorn thy look and drive thee from her halls. that gambol over the when they . and name the men on of honour here. Polyxenus. so till many nurse-gifts would she give rilled their thee. shall give thee. Like deer or heifers lea in spring-time. Thus she spake. and sire. and the goddess nodded And come the maidens bright vessels with water. And and quickly their mother all they had seen and she bade them go speedily and call house of their father. abide here that tell we may go to our father's house.

placed for her a strong stool. and cast over it a silver fleece. Then wonder. veiling her head. and passed through the portico where their lady mother sat beside the lintel of the strong-builded dwelling. and wan and she gave place to the goddess on the chair and bade her be seated. and her head reached the roof beam. tasting nor food nor drink. lambe. They found where their erst the glorious goddess by the way-side they left her. And their tresses waved over their shoulders like crocus flowers. but fear seized the mother. and she filled the doors with a light divine. and for a long time sat speechless on her stool. with her child. awe. To her side the maidens hasted. father's She walked behind them with stricken heart. a young blossom. would not be seated on the shining chair. Then sitting down she drew her wimple over her with her hands. nor greeted any one with word or gesture. Bringer of Seasons. but the goddess set her feet upon the threshold. the shrewd in wit. wasting away from yearning for her deep-bosomed . at her breast. But Demeter. they kilt the folds of their fair garments and dart along the furrowed waggon-road. Soon they reached the house of god-born Celeus. Generous Giver. 91 have sated their desire with food. and forthwith led her to house. Smileless she sat. remained till silent.Translation. casting down her beautiful eyes. and her dark robe curved round her divine tender feet.

in after times also soothed away her the goddess Metaneira offered a cup. but she refused it. to nurse him as receive thy Gladly thou biddest. since Therewithal fair-girdled reverence and favour beseem thine eyes. daughter. To her in reply spake fair-garlanded All hail to thee also. dame. and gave to the goddess as she ordered. till lambe. Never. as the Heaven's gifts despite eyes of doom-giving kings. for the yoke But now. it. Queenly Deo took : and made the due libation. saying that it To was not for right for her to drink red wine. it mint And Metaneira made the posset. with many a bantering jest won the hallowed lady round to smile and laugh and wear a kindly mood." Demeter. the shrewd in wit. all come bear. that thou art mine shall be thine. Metaneira began these " words Welcome. I shall I . Nurse this whom the gods gave me in mine beyond my hope this child of many prayers. Lady Heaven ! ! grant thee blessings child. for I trow that thou art not of mean but of noble parentage. She too frenzies. my boy. Howsoft beit she bade them mix meal and water with her drink. age If thou rear him and he reach the fulness of youth. hither. our grief is we mortals needs must laid upon our necks.92 Homeric Hymns. filling it with honeyed wine. then verily any of womankind who sees thee will be envious for the " many nurse gifts I should give thee.

how he thrived and grew. " My child. and a goodly safeguard against baneful witchery. whom And he waxed strong fair-girdled Metaneira bore. and worketh grief and bitter cares for me. 93 ween. and espied her. by the folly of his nurse shall either witchery harm him or noxious herb. and was like the gods to see. and the queenly goddess woman heard her. albeit he neither ate food nor was milk. By night she would hide him in the might of fire like a brand." Thus spake she in lament. But by day him with ambrosia like the Demeter anointed child of some deity. and sore was she troubled in heart.Translation. Raising a cry she smote both her thighs in terror for her son. And in drew out from the fire wrath fair-garlanded Demeter her dear son whom she bore . For I know a great antidote stronger than poison." Thus speaking she took the child in her fragrant bosom and arms divine. and the mother's heart was glad. breathing sweetness over him. Demophoon ! the strange concealeth thee in a great fire. without the ken of his dear parents. and carrying him at her bosom. had not fair-girdled suckled with his mother's Metaneira in her folly watched by night from her fragrant chamber. and wailed forth winged words. like unto a god. To them it was marvel great. And ageless and deathless would she have made him. So the goddess nursed in the halls the noble son of warlike Celeus Demophoon.

deep anger hands And at the same time she spake to at her heart. . rites. In his manhood's prime. that immortal and ageless for ever should I won him eternal eternal honour. her yellow hair lay over her ." size With these words the goddess changed her old age and breathing beauty and shape. and an altar near it. sovran help and joy and men. and far shone the divine gleam from her immortal flesh. and But now it is impossible Howbeit him because he upon hath mounted my knees and slept in mine arms. below the citadel and its high wall. . laid fair-girdled Metaneira. " I . Know by the ruthless waters of Styx (the oath of the gods). honour will ever rest the sons of the Eleusinians long while will be joining battle and raising the dread war cry against the Athenians. am honoured Demeter. when hope was past. let all the people build a great temple. have made thy son. And hereafter in person I shall teach my ye off that by their pious fulfilment may appease my heart. that he should escape death and doom.94 in the halls Homeric Hymns. throwing all around her. " Silly mortals ! witless to ! forecast the weird either of coming good or ill Verily by thy folly thou hast worked mischief irremediable. on the jutting cliff above to gods me Callichorus. A fragrance sweet diffused itself from her scented robe. when years have rolled. and with divine him from her on the ground. Come.

and a . And Through the with fear. but yellow-haired Demeter sat her down apart from all the blessed ones. but his heart was not soothed. and leapt from their soft couches. and remembered not her darling child to raise him from the floor. quivering prayed to the glorious goddess. shoulders. and bade altar to fair-tressed : child waxed strong by the will Now when they were finished and of the goddess. and with her brightness 95 as with levin hall she the strong house was passed. and builded as he commanded people. laid him in her bosom. and abode there wasting away with longing for her deep-bosomed daughter. livelong night the women. But his sisters heard his piteous One took cry. a and a third hasted with tender feet to raise her mother from the scented gathering around they lovingly bathed the panting boy. for poorer now were the nurses and handmaids who held him. up the child in her lit arms and fire. they set out each man for his home. The people speedily obeyed him. Through the and straightway the mother's knees were and long time was she speechless. And he summoned to the assembly the countless them raise a rich temple and an Demeter on the jutting cliff. and hearkened to and the his words.Translation. loosed. rested from their labour. fair-garlanded Demeter. another chamber. And at all daydawn they told truly to Celeus the Mighty the bidding of the goddess. filled.

Again thereafter the Father sent forth to her all the ever-living and they hied offered her in turns and summoned many beautiful gifts. and cruel year did she make for men over the all-nourishing earth. and let not my of immortal gods. First did he send Iris of the . and addressing her. This his bidding and she obeyed Zeus Cronion. spake " O Demeter Father Zeus. had Zeus not observed and taken counsel in his heart. the winsome in beauty. Many barley fair-garlanded Demeter destroyed it.96 terrible Homeric Hymns. whose winged words. and no seed yielded the land. and blessed gods. Eleusis she came and found dark-robed breathing Demeter in the temple." Thus she spake beseeching. and robbed the Dwellers in Olympus of in the earth. for her heart was wroth. her. the Dark Clouded. and sped with swift foot through To the town of incensethe space between. and and such honours as she would choose to receive among immortals. Now had the glorious honour of gifts and sacrifices. Howbeit none was able to influence her mind and purpose. behest from Zeus be unaccomplished. and fruitlessly did fall much white she utterly destroyed the race of speech-gifted mortals by sore famine. a crooked plough did the oxen drag through for the furrows in vain. Golden Wing to summon fair-haired Demeter. ! purposes are eternal. biddeth thee to join the tribes Come then. and she stoutly . but the heart of the goddess yielded not.

Translation.

97

refused all their offers. Yea, she maintained that never would she set foot upon fragrant Olympus, never send up the fruit from the earth till her eyes

beheld the

When
heard

of her daughter. far-glancing Zeus, the Deep Thunderer,
fair face

this,

he sent to Erebus Argeiphontes of the

Golden Wand, that by winning over Hades with words he might bring hallowed Persephone from the murky darkness to the gods in light, and
soft

so her mother might behold her with her eyes, and abate her anger. Hermes disobeyed not, but
swiftly sprang

down under

earth's recesses, leaving

the

home

his palace seated

of Olympus. He found the king within on a couch with his chaste wife,

who was
mother.

repining sorely from longing for her And that mother with overmastering

passion was still wroth at the counsel of the blessed gods. Standing near him the stout " O Hades of the Slayer of Argos made speech
:

Dark

Hair, Lord of the dead, Father Zeus biddeth

me

among

lead queenly Persephone forth from Erebus the gods, that her mother may behold her

with her eyes, and cease from her anger and fell wrath against the immortals. For she is compasthe ruin of the strengthless sing a grievous deed
tribes

of earth-born

folk,

by burying the seed

beneath the earth, and minishing the honours of the gods. Fell is her rage, and she consorteth
not with the gods, but sitteth aloof within her

G

98
fragrant
Eleusis."

Homeric Hymns.
temple,
tarrying in

the steep town of

Thus he

spake.

And

a smile rose on the brow

of Aidoneus the Nether Prince, nor was he dis-

obedient to the hests of King Zeus, but speedily gave bidding to wise Persephone
:

Go, Persephone, to thy dark-robed mother, with gentle temper and spirit in thy breast, and lose not heart far beyond all others. Among the

"

immortals
brother as
wilt

I shall I

be no

unfit

husband

for thee, full

am

of Father Zeus.
all living

While here thou
things,

be mistress of

and creeping

and highest honours

shalt thou have

among the

Eternal will be the vengeance upon evil gods. doers who court not thy might with sacrifices, offering them with all due rites, and presenting acceptable gifts." Thus he spake, and sedate Persephone

was

and quickly leapt up for joy. But Hades, unobserved, gave her to eat a sweet pomegranate
glad,
seed, administering
it

that she might not all her

days remain on earth beside revered Demeter of the Dark Robe. Then before her eyes Aidoneus,

Lord of All, yoked his divine steeds to the golden car. Persephone mounted the car, and by her side the strong Slayer of Argos took the reins and whip
in his hands,

and urged the horses

forth

from the

palace. Naught unwilling did the twain speed on. And swiftly did they cover the long way, nor did
sea, or

streams of water, or grassy dells or

cliffs

Translation.

99

them they
pulled

check the speed of the divine horses, but above cleft the deep air in their progress. In
he drave them and
dwelt.

front of the fragrant temple

them up where fair-crowned Demeter

she at the sight darted forth like a from a shady mountain forest.
"

And

Maenad

(Lines 387-395 corrupt.) And with myself, and thy father, Dark-Clouded Cronion, thou wilt dwell, honoured among all the
immortals.

But

if

thou hast eaten, thou wilt return

one third part of the year's seasons, the other two with me and the other immortals. And when the earth burgeons
earth's recesses for

and dwell 'neath

with its many fragrant spring flowers, then from the misty darkness thou wilt arise again, a great wonder to gods and mortal men.
.

.

.

"And by what
deceive thee
"
?

guile did mighty

Polydegmon
:

"

her in answer spake beauteous Persephone Verily, mother, I shall tell thee all the truth.
to

To

When
came

Hermes, Bringer of Luck, Swift Messenger, me from Father Cronides, and the other
in

from Erebus, that beholding me with thine eyes thou mightest abate thy wrath and fell anger against the immortals, straightway I leaped up for joy. But Hades, unobserved, gave me the sweet morsel of a pomeDwellers

Heaven, to lead

me

granate seed, and

made me

eat thereof

all

against

my

will.

How

he snatched

me away by the shrewd

and Acaste. she was her royal handmaid and the fair- far-glancing Zeus. and Admete. earth's recesses. Herein despite my grief do I tell thee all the truth. and forth leaped the King. and beautiful Galaxaure. and Rhodeia. Electra. And came Hecate of the Soft Sword. There were we sporting and culling with our hands the charming flowers. and narcissus which fell enticement In delight I gathering them when the earth gave way beneath me. sent a messenger to them But Deep haired . and loudly did I shout and cry. and lanthe. and iris and hyacinth. my sire. and Chryseis. I shall tell thee. and blushing Ocyrrhoe. and Melita. counsel of Cronides. and Melobosis. and Phaeno. and Janeira. Off he carried me under the earth in his golden chariot. Leucippe. and lache. and Plouto. We were of us on the pleasant lea. o Henceforth attendant. and Callirhoe. though I struggled much." In this wise that livelong day did they in harmony greatly cheer each other's hearts and spirits with love. Thunderer. and Rhodope. and rosebuds and was lilies the wide earth bore a a wondrous sight. and bore me under and recount all all the tale as thou askest.ioo Homeric Hymns. mighty Polydegmon. and lovely Calypso. and Urania. and Lyche. and oft did she embrace Demeter's hallowed daughter. and Styx. Their minds were ceasing from sorrow. bunches of fair crocus. to their side and mutual joys did they receive and give.

And he hath promised that thy daughter will abide for onethird part of the circling year under the murky darkness. Fallow and leafless all it lay. child. Far- glancing Zeus. and the fat ground to be furrows were to be heavy with grain. to bring dark-robed Demeter among the and pledged himself to grant her whatsoever honours she should choose among the immortals. Fleet she sped down from the peaks of Olympus and came fruitful land. and for two-thirds with her mother and the other gods. and hidden was the white barley by the schemes of fair-ancled Demeter. With joy did the goddesses behold each other. There did she first set foot from the unharvested air. and the goddess did not disregard the behests of Zeus. anon. Thus he spake. and glad were they at heart. to Rarium. erstwhile a teeming but then in no wise fruitful. Rheia. calleth thee to -come among the tribes of the gods.Translation. and pledgeth him to grant thee whatsoever honours thou wilt choose among the immortals. And thus did Rheia of the Dainty Snood address Demeter " : Hark thee. to burgeon with tall corn-ears. Howbeit it was. and the corn bound in sheaf bands. the Deep Thunderer. Thus hath he vouched that it shall . 101 tribes of the gods. but for two parts with thyself and the other gods. He promised withal that her daughter should dwell for the third part of the circling year under the murky darkness. with the waxing spring.

my Child. Speedily did she send up the fruitage from the rich loam. Leader of the People." Thus she spake. who delighteth in thunder. never hath equal lot even when dead beneath the mouldy darkness. they dwell. ye guardians of the land of incense- breathing Eleusis. and enjoined on all her august mysteries. and mighty function of her Eumolpus.IO2 be. Happy that earth-born man who hath beheld them ! He who is not initiate and hath no part therein. And she hasted and revealed to the doom-giving kings. obey him. speedily do thou bless the fruit that giveth And life to men. their peers. and of sea-washed Paros. august and venerable. the rites. and . the earth-born man whom they graciously love. they went on their way to Olympus There to the assembly of the gods. Come then. since a great curse from the gods checks the voice. his and given pledge with his nod. Plutus. and Celeus. who giveth to mortals abundance. which none may violate or search into or expound. in the presence of Blest indeed is Zeus. and all the wide land was heavy with leaves and flowers. Speedily do they send as a guest to his great hall. Triptolemus and horse-taming Diocles. and fair-garlanded Demeter did not disregard her. and be not too unrelenting in thy wrath against Dark-Clouded Cronion. Now when all the queenly goddess had imparted her rites. Come now. Homeric Hymns.

and her clothe her round with raiment divine. and longed each one of them to have her for his spouse and lead her home. Now when they had set all the braveries on her person. they led her to the immortals. Gladly did the Golden-snooded Hours welcome her. the revered. and in her bored ears jewels of orichal- cum and precious gold. lay. beauteous Persephone Of your favour grant me ! pleasant shall life in return for my minstrelsy. And I remember thee and another VI. Of beautiful Aphrodite. Her soft neck and white bosom they decked about with the golden chains wherewithal the Golden-snooded Hours themselves were adorned when they went to the charming dance of the gods and the hall of their sire. admiring the beauty of Cytherea the Violet-crowned. the golden crowned.Translation. TO APHRODITE. Upon immortal head they set a fair and shapely crown of gold. shall I sing. revered and generous Bringer of the Seasons thyself and thy daughter. And they at sight of her gave greeting. where on the light foam the might of the moist-blowing Zephyr bore her over the wave of the boisterous sea. Hail ! . and welcomed her with their hands. * 103 rocky Antron. who is mistress of the heights of all sea-washed Cyprus. Queen Deo.

around him. ! winsome goddess of the glancing eyes Grant me to gain the victory in this contest. For they said among themselves that he was the son of god-born kings. and on his stalwart shoulders waved he wore a purple mantle. and would have And bound him with cruel fetters.IO4 Homeric Hymns. I shall the shore of the harvestless sea he revealed himself on a jutting foreland like unto a Beauteous dark tresses youth in his heyday. called with a smile in his dark eyes he sate The boatswain saw it. OR THE PIRATES. or Apollo of the Silver . and the withes fell off his hands and feet afar. Erelong some rovers in a trim galley hove in sight. And to this him down. hearts. VII. speeding over the winedark sea Tyrrhenian folks guided by an evil fate. At sight of him they nodded to each other and quickly did they seize him. and are fettering in his Our trim vessel cannot even hold him. either Zeus. Of sing. But the fetters held him not. son of glorious Semele. and straightway his comrades and said " : Fools ! what god is ye have is strength ? Of a sooth he seized. how by Dionysus. another lay. DIONYSUS. and adorn my Then I shall both remember thee and lay. and set him aboard their ship with exulting hastily leaped ashore.

I trow. with many a hanging cluster. At the sight the sailors at last pins bade the pilot bring the vessel near the shore. This He will come. for he is like not unto mortal men. take hold of all the ship's ropes together. and all his gear. in his And lay no hands upon him lest wrath he rouse tempestuous winds and a hurricane. and haul up her main sail. Round the mast itself. Amazement laid hold on all the sailors at the sight. or further And one day at length he will tell us of his friends. and they made taut the ropes all round. had garlands. and And all the tholeburst forth upon it. the wind bellied out the sail. for heaven hath put him into our hands. either to Egypt or to Cyprus.Translation. First there the dark ship a sweet gushed through all odorous wine." Thus having spoken he got the mast and mainsail of the vessel hauled up. 105 Bow. and an ambrosial fragrance rose. Hyperboreans. Come let us forthwith land him again on ! the dark shore. sprouting with blossoms. And anon by the sail-tops there stretched out a vine on either side. fellow the crew will look after. but to the gods who dwell in the Olympian halls." Thus did he speak. and of his brethren. but the great " Sirrah captain chid him with stinging words : ! see thou to the wind. dark ivy wound fair fruit But on board the god changed for them into a . But soon strange wonders were revealed to them. or to the still. or Poseidon.

Charioteer of the Golden Helmet. Lord of thy foes. held him back. Sire of triumphant Victory. Strong of hand. at the bow. to the whom my ! mother. bore embraces of Zeus. and round the honest pilot stood panic-stricken. glared the lion on the high deck.io6 grim lion Homeric Hymns. stout-hearted Shield Bearer. and Unwearied. brazen-clad Guardian of cities. Valiant Spearman. good pilot. Leader of righteous men. Prince of Valour. Cadmean Semele. and it stood expectant. where thy fiery steeds ever carry thee above the third orbit Hear ! ." Son of beauteous Semele thee The man who song. shunning a terrible doom. leaped overboard together into the awful sea. And amidship. he created a grisly Grim and terrible bear. all. forgetteth can never compose sweet VIII. showing wonders. and were changed into But the god taking pity on the pilot. Mighty Ares. thou that whirlest thy red sphere among the seven wandering stars of the sky. TO ARES. dear to my soul : ! I am Hail ! blustering Dionysus. Rampart of Olympus. dolphins. and " said Take heart. The men rushed in terror to the stern. and roared loudly. Champion of Justice. But suddenly the lion sprang forth and seized the captain and the crew one and . and gave him all happiness.

sister and nurse-mate of Apollo the Far Darter. and beginning with thee shall pass to another lay. who having watered her teamsters at rush-grown Meles. that I may be able to drive away woeful evil from my head. in this my song shall first begin my hymning with thee. avoiding the battle din of enemies and violent death ! IX. I x. where Apollo of the Silver sitteth waiting for the far-shooting Huntress. Bow Hail to thee. and to ! all the goddesses with thee. Virgin Huntress.Translation. which spurs me on to engage in chilling battle. and shed a calm light from on high upon my life and warlike strength. Do thou. TO APHRODITE. and to guide by wisdom the erring impulse of my soul. Giver of gallant youth. daughter of Cyprus. 107 me. who giveth honeyed and her lovely face . O Blessed God. grant me strength to abide in the painless laws of peace. TO ARTEMIS. O Helper of Mortals. O Muse of Artemis. gifts to men. I shall sing of Cytherea. Sing. swiftly drives her golden car through Smyrna to vine-clad Claros. and check the keen force of passion.

whom all the blessed throughout wide Olympus honour and reverence equally with the glorious one Zeus. ever smileth and weareth the bloom of beauty. " This translation suits the context. "/cat ^0' ifj-fprbv <^pet ftvQos. return. Queen of the Immortals. goddess ! vouchsafe to me fortune and happiness. delighteth in thunder.* Hail. " And she bringeth the sweet blossom of youth (to men)." . Of war. I begin to sing. I sing of Hera of the Golden Throne. who careth for the deeds of the battle din and the onset. I shall XI. but somewhat strains the meaning of <f>tpu. TO ATHENE. * who x. excellent in beauty.io8 Homeric Hymns. 3. grant me sweet minstrelsy. queen of goodly Salamis and O all Cyprus. whom Rheia bore. The other rendering would be. Pallas Athene. the Terrible. XII. and who saveth the host as they go and Hail to thee. the Saviour of Cities. sister and spouse of Zeus the Thunderer. and remember thee and another lay. Goddess. TO HERA. falling cities. H.

all mingled with the piping of lutes. and to in this all the goddesses with thee. the Fair-tressed. begin a song to Demeter. in the howling of wolves and glaring lions. Hail. O Goddess ! Save this city. XIV. the Son of Zeus. and in the echoing hills and woodland haunts. I beautiful Persephone. I shall Alcmene bare sing of Heracles. the vast Aforetime he wandered over earth and sea at the bidding of King Eurystheus. XIII. Of the Mother of O clear-voiced Muse. whom in beautiful Thebes from the emfar the bravest braces of Dark-clouded Cronion of earth-born men. Her delight is in Gods and men sing to me. and lead off my song. 109 TO DEMETER. TO THE MOTHER OF THE GODS. Daughter of Mighty Zeus. to herself and her daughter.Translation. my song ! xv. TO HERACLES OF THE LION HEART. and by his own hand wrought many . the rattle of castanet and drum. Revered Goddess. Hail to thee.

the sons of Tyndarus. I begin to sing. Slayer of Argos. TO THE DIOSCURI. of Apollo. Leda bring forth under the peaks of Taygetus. nimble steeds upon ! who ride XVIII. did queenly Cronion. O Prince.1 10 Homeric Hymns. after secret dalliance with dark-clouded Hail. Son of Zeus. ye sons of Tyndarus. of Castor and and Polydeuces. O a charmer of woeful pains. TO ASCLEPIUS. Of the Asclepius. Lord of Cyllene and Pastoral Arcadia. who were begotten of Olympian Zeus. I Prince pray to thee in song. Pollux. Healer of diseases. O clear-voiced Muse. grant to me valour and wealth. LuckI . TO HERMES. ! Hail to XVII. of to Son King Phlegyas. Hail. bore whom Divine in the Coronis. daughter Dotian plain a joy men and thee. XVI. sing of Cyllenian Hermes. but now in the fair resort of snowy Olympus he dwelleth in joy with lissom Hebe for his wife. a doughty deed and endured much suffering. Them Sing.

the revered daughter of Atlas. begun ! XIX. Tell me. Son of Zeus and Maia Having with thee. haunteth the wooded leas with the dancing nymphs that tread the crowns of steep rock He upon Pan.Translation. And anoai he pipeth all alone . O Muse. when Hera. the Goat-footed. and oft with keen glance he chargeth over the uplands. now sitting by quiet streams. slaying the wild beast. climbing the Oft he height that overlooks the flocks. of the dear Son of Hermes. There did Cronion make love to fair-haired nymph sleep at dead of night. whom Maia. the pastoral god. I shall pass to another hymn. now wandering among the steep loftiest crags. the Twin-horned. She shunned the Gods. bore after the love embraces of Zeus. the Musical. sweet was holding white-armed mortal And immortal thereof. courseth over the long white hills. TO PAN. 1 1 1 bringing Messenger of the Immortals. abiding the in gathering of the Blessed a dusky the cave. gods and men knew nought Hail to thee. of the mountain peaks and the rocky paths. Hither and thither he fareth through the thick calling underwoods. who is lord of every snowy ridge. long haired and squalid.

again the clear-voiced mountain nymphs with nimble feet escort him. Hermes. mother of flocks. where crocus and fragrant hyacinth bloom in blended confusion with the grass.H2 as Homeric Hymns. 23." . he shepherded rough-fleeced the service of a mortal man. where he hath a shrine as Lord of Cyllene. sweet strains on the reeds. tain top. He brought to accomplishment love's nuptials. in the in And the echo sighs over the mounThe god glides now to right. Or "arranges many a step. now to left. which among the leaves of blossoming spring pours forth its lament in gush of honeyed song. . the Luck-bringer. and how he came to many-streamed Arcadia. Here. he returns from the chase. playing blithe In melody not even that bird would surpass him. and he delighteth his heart with the strains of music in the lush meadow. from the first a marvel to the eyes. dance. and the nymph bore to Hermes in the halls a dear son. and sing by the dark And water springs. For a longing desire had stolen upon him to enjoy the love of the fair-haired daughter of Dryops. god flocks as in he was. and foots it a step. and now to the centre.* many On his shoulders he weareth a tawny lynx's skin. * V. The nymphs chaunt of the blessed gods and And above all do they sing of lofty Olympus. how he is the swift messenger of all the gods.

O Hephaestus. XX. covering the boy with the thick skins of the mountain hare. And remember thee and another lay. bearded face she was Speedily he hied to the homes of the immortals. who aforetime dwelt like beasts in ! mountain caves. they spend their lives in their homes with ease and comfort. musical. Hail. and the god rejoiced exceedingly in heart. and sweetly laughing. and shewed his son. afraid. Beside Zeus and the other im- mortals he sat him down. and left for when springing up. H . O tuneful Muse of deft Hephaestus. fled she saw his uncouth But straightway. Sing. because he had made merry all their minds. And her child the mother . and me excellence and wealth. I shall O Prince ! To thee I pray in song. He with bright-eyed Athene taught glorious crafts to men on earth. Luck-bringing Hermes received him to his arms. grant Be gracious. But now trained in arts by the famous wright Hephaestus.Translation. And all the gods were delighted in heart none more than Bacchan Dionysus. They called him Pan. the whole year through. 113 twin-horned. TO HEPHAESTUS. goat-footed.

dark-haired Girdler of Earth ! Do thou. O Phoebus. O Blessed God. the best and greatest of the gods. Fulfiller. TO ZEUS. begin to sing of Poseidon. minstrel ever singeth first and Hail to thee. mighty god of the mover of earth and barren main. Of Thee. who is lord of Helicon and broad Aegae. who holdeth . even the swan sings clearly with the music of its wings. Far-glancer. and of Thee with his tuneful lyre the sweet-voiced last. to be Tamer of horses and Saviour I of ships. with gracious heart. XXII. which the gods have granted thee. O Earth-shaker. I shall sing of Zeus. TO APOLLO. XXI. sea. TO POSEIDON.H4 Homeric Hymns. XXIII. aid the mariner. O King ! I pray to thee in song. Twofold is the honour. King. leaping on the bank by the swirling river Peneius. Hail ! Poseidon.

lay.Translation. soft olive oil XXV. in holy Pytho. boisterous Dionysus. Hail ! children of Zeus Honour ye my song. I . TO THE MUSES AND APOLLO. and the Muses and Far-darting Apollo are the minstrels and harpers upon earth. frequent converse with Themis on her seat as 1 1 5 she reclineth Be gracious. and from Zeus are kings. TO DIONYSUS. and Apollo. the Far-darter. And I shall remember you and another XXVI. sweetly from his mouth ! floweth his voice. From Muses. O Far-glancing Son of Kronos. Blessed is the man whom the Muses love. ! most glorious and most mighty XXIV. TO HESTIA. begin to sing of Ivy-crowned. and grant also favour to my song. ever doth the ! drop from thy locks. 1 shall begin with the Zeus. noble son of Zeus and glorious Semele. graciously approach with Zeus the Counsellor. Hestia who guardest the sacred shrine of Apollo. Come to this house.

by the grace of his sire in a fragrant cave. of Vintage. who over heights. TO ARTEMIS. And their din filled the wide forest. own sister of Apollo of the I Golden Sword. Hail to thee. the fair-tressed whom Nymphs took to their bosoms and fed and reared him from the king his father. in the shady fells and joyaunce of the chase. and the fish-teeming sea. sing of Clear-voiced Artemis of the Golden Virgin Revered. proud of her bow. And the Nymphs attended him as he led the way. And . Delighter in arrows. But when the huntress. and wildly echoes the dusky forest to the cry of beasts and the earth thrills. O Dionysus of the Rich Clusters. destroying the race of beasts. being numbered among the immortals. he would wend down the woodland haunts. brave of heart. and . He waxed strong Nyssa. straineth windy her golden bow. the goddess. The tops of lofty mountains tremble. Huntress of Stags. is content. loosing her whistling shafts. in Grant that again joy we may reach the Time XXVII. Distaff.1 1 6 Homeric Hymns. hies hither and thither. Now when the carefully in the dells of goddesses had nurtured this famous god. thick-garlanded with ivy and laurel.

Translation. Bright-eyed. Phoebus Apollo. and the spray was suddenly belched forth. lay. and stand before him shaking her sharp javelin. she leadeth them out and beginneth the dances. And mighty Olympus trembled terribly under the weight of the bright-eyed goddess the earth around groaned sorely. lifting And up their divine voices. Inventive. she slackens her bent bow. TO ATHENE. remember you and another XXVIII. the sea heaved in turmoil of purple . Tritogenia. I begin to sing of the famous goddess. Then hanging up the arching bow and they. Virgin Revered. with fair braveries about her. how in ! she bore as children far the best of the gods Hail I shall deeds and counsel. arrows. Pallas Athene. and cometh to the great hall of her dear brother. sing of fair-ancled Leto. Children of Zeus and fair-tressed Leto. Stern-hearted. waves. Quickly did the goddess leap from the immortal head of Aegis-bearing Zeus. marshalling the fair band of Muses and Graces. Valiant Protectress of cities. . whom Zeus the Counsellor himself brought from his august head in war-gear golden and Wonder took hold of all the immortals bright. forth when they saw it. 117 hath gladdened her heart. in the rich land of Delphi.

I XXIX. TO HESTIA. Child of Aegis-bearing Zeus shall remember thee and another lay. for never are banquets of mortals held whereat the master of the feast doth not pour forth sweet wine to Hestia. Messenger of the Blessed. God of the Golden Wand. Zeus the Counsellor smiled. twain haunt the homes of earth-born mortals Grant to your hearts are kindly to each other. and Thou. . noble son of Hyperion stayed his fleet horses for a long time till the virgin Pallas Athene The And did the divine war-gear off her immortal shoulders. ! Hail to thee. Daughter of Cronos. me wisdom and youth. O Slayer of Argos. Hermes of the Golden Wand. Son of Zeus and Maia. first and last ! And Thou. and are skilled in glorious deeds. I shall remember you and Hail ! another lay. Giver of good things be gracious.1 1 8 Homeric Hymns. O home Hestia ! Thou who fare in the lofty dwellings hast gained an eternal both of immortal gods and of folk who below the chiefest honour ! Thou who receivest a fair and precious portion. Ye . and with ! revered and beloved Hestia grant fair me aid.

StrongMost Ancient. shalt honour. Revered Goddess. who feedeth all things that founded. is things in abundance hath filled His tillage laden fruitfulness. They whom thou August Goddess. TO THE MOTHER OF ALL. he. and thine to mortals. and in the sea. Bountiful Deity. Blessed the man all whom with his thine heart shall delight to honour. is to give is and take it away. Mother of the Gods. Wife Hail ! of starry Uranos. In thy favour grant life. and great riches and wealth attend them. his is fields abound in herds. are men it rich in life children and harvests. with good laws in a city of fair rule as lords women. I shall sing are in the world. and house with goods. me in return for my song a pleasant And I shall remember thee and another strain. and things which fly these are all fed from her store. of Gaia. O Their children exult in fresh gladness. \ 1 9 XXX.Translation. Mother of All. . By thee. both things which move over the divine earth. and their maidens with blithe hearts sport in flowery dances and skip over the soft blossoming lea.

whom large-eyed Euryphaessa bore to the son of Gaia and starry Uranos. and for his own children. Fleeter far than the moving wind are his stallions. begin now to sing of Helios.I2O Homeric Hymns. the Shining God. XXXI. peer of the immortals. and unshineth wearied Helios. iroXi) 6aff<roves ITTTTOI' . and speedeth them evening through the sky to the ocean. About his body flameth a fair and delicate garment. &c. On his head bright flaps at radiantly under his temples guard his beautiful far-shining face. * xxxi. I shall Hail! O king. who men and his his steeds. 14. deathless gods when he hath mounted Terrible is the glance of his eyes from golden helmet Bright beams flash from him.* when he driveth his golden chariot at and his steeds. fair-haired Selene. And beginning whose deeds the gods have revealed celebrate the race of speech-gifted to men. sister. graciously vouchsafe sweet life. TO HELIOS. O Muse Calliope. I prefer the reading supported by Hermann \rroi'/rys WIHHTJS ave/juav ei5r' &v 07' I6v<ras. with thee. 15. and she bore to him beautiful rosy-armed Eos. heroes. For Hyperion wedded famous Euryphaessa.

and done on her far-shining robes.Translation. immortal head. when divine Selene hath bathed her fair body in the ocean. divine Hail Selene. The gleam from her of Zeus. sing of the fairfaced broad-winged Moon. She is a mark and a sign for men. 1 2 1 XXXII. who was gifted with surpassing beauty among the gods. The murky darkness is lighted up from her golden crown. white-armed goddess. and her beams flood the air. tuneful daughters Son of Cronos. skilled the in song. O Queen. and much beauty ariseth under her burning light. celebrate with charming voices. . and she conceived and bare a daughter. Pandia. Her great orbit is accomplishing. fair-haired and gracious Beginning with thee I shall sing the praises of heroes. whose deeds ! ! minstrels. TO SELENA. the henchmen of the Muses. With her once the Son of Cronos mingled in the couch of love. rolls round the earth. and yoking her strong-necked glossy colts driveth swiftly forward her rich-maned teamsters in the mid-month at eventide. Ye Muses. and her beams are brightest in the sky when she is waxing to the full. revealed in the sky.

and straightway they abate the blasts of vexing winds. and calm the waves on the white sea waters of their their a happy toil. heights of the mighty saviours of earth-born Horse-taming Castor and blameless She brought them forth under the hill embraces of Dark-clouded Taygetus. The mariners in prayer invoke the sons vessel's of Mighty Zeus with white lambs. others in Icarus. others in Naxos. TO THE DIOSCURI. XXXIII.122 Homeric Hymns. FRAGMENTS OF A HYMN TO BACCHUS. The strong wind and the sea-waves drive the ship beneath the water. quick-glancing Muses sing of the Sons of Zeus. mounting their poop. ! Hail shall ye Tyndaridae. Some men windy say that in Dracanum. others by the deep- . the Tyndaridae. glorious children of fair! Ye ancled Leda Polydeuces. the ending They are glad at the sight. But suddenly the gods appear darting through the sky on tawny wing. riders of swift lay. and cease weary labour. omen for the sailors. I remember you and another xxxiv. after the love Zeus her sons the swift-faring ships. men and when wintry blasts rush over the pitiless sea. steeds.

Hail to thee. " And they will erect thee many a statue in thy these (exploits) are three. hiding men beget is from white-armed Hera. Semele conceived and bare thee. a divine son to Zeus. near the streams of Aegyptus.Translation. TURNBULL AND SPEARS. who river delighteth in thunder. Eiraphiotes. a lofty mountain blooming with woods. There a certain Nyssa. and nodded with gracious. falsely aver that thou wert born in Thebes. men will ever offer to thee perfect hecatombs every third temples. minstrels sing of thee when we begin and Be We when we end. Zeus the Counsellor. far from Phoenice. FINIS. In no wise is it possible to forget thee and remember sacred song. Far from mortals did the Father of Gods and thee. Eiraphiotes. But some. frenzied Lover. As year. PRINTERS. Dionysus Eiraphiotes. EDINBURGH. and to thy mother Semele. O Prince. 123 eddying Alpheius. . whom men call Thyone." Thus spake his head.

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