You are on page 1of 732

Co py rig hte d

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Ma ter ial

1990 by

by

222

p.

1989 20

1917

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

Co py rig hte d
book book on by
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Ma ter ial
1,

3,

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on
6,

7,

9.
10.

by go go

by

0.
by

go

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Co py rig hte d
y
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Ma ter ial

bond

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2 1
by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

yy

J,

7.27

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

by by

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

on

on

on

on on by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

4a

on

40

on

on

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

x 1

xx

yy

1,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on
y

on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

k,

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

bond

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Co py rig hte d

12,000 on

Ma ter ial
on good by on by by by

on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.1

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on by
1.

2. 3.

6. 7. on on on do on on by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1. 2. 3.

1.

on
2.

on

1.2

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

b
by
od.

by up

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

up by
oh

by

h
on by up

1.4

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

no go. up

2.0

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

2.

on on

3 4

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.2

by on

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

100 30

by by by 60 by

1.5 4.5

0.3 0.35 by 1.6 by by

1.7

good by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.7

1.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

on

1.9,

1.9

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

13

on on by by on by by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on on on by by by on on

by

3
by

2.

1.10

on
9.

1.1 by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.11

by on 1.1

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.5

1.

on

2. 3.

by on

by on on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

17

by on on on by by 1.12b.

do by

1.3.
on on by by

1.13.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by on

up

up

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

good

2.

on

1.8
by
1.8.1

by y
p

by 1.14b,

by

on on

1.15b. on on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.14

20

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.15

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by on on
p p

on

1.15

1.16.

1.16

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1880,

by on
2

up

15

by on

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.17 24

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.17 by 1 2 1.

3
1

2,

3.

1.18

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.19

1979,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on by 1.18. 9

do by on on 8.

on 68 48 on on 128. 38 48

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

no

by on by by

on on

on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on by

b. by by

1.20

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

30

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

1.21b.

on by

on

no

upon

7.

by

by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

2. 3.

on

on up

by on

by
1. 2. 3.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

33

on

on

on 75, pp.

1970. on by 199, 1950. 114, 92, 97, 11, pp. 1966, pp. on 1971 pp. 1960. 1963, 1988.

2 pp. on 2, 1969, pp. 97, 678. 1971, pp.


J.

1971, pp.

110,

1984, pp.

2, 1969, pp.
on 1966.

1985, pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on 2, 1965, pp. 1969. 3, 1953, p. 267. 109, 0. 93, 93, 1967, pp. 36, 1958. 1979. 1962. 1981. 1988. 1, 1967, pp.
21, 1968, pp.

1, on

1983, pp.

13.

pp.

96,

1970, pp. 1974. 122, 1957, pp. 9,1959,

pp. 158. 3, 1962, pp. 1979. 1948. 2nd 1967. 1967, pp. 53.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Co py rig hte d
on on

2.1

on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Ma ter ial
on
Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by by on on

2.
box on no
3.

do by by no by by

by by by on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

37

on on

by 24411. on

50
by no on on

2. 3. 4.

1984,
1982

7.2

on up

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

38

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

39

20 6 441 30 100 75 890 40 16


10

20

50

on 324 1

2.2.2

body

on by

by

2.2.3
by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

no

by by by 40 by

2.3

on
on

on

1. 2. 3.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

up

300

2670

2.
40 33

up

by by

2.2

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

py rig hte dM ate ria


a
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.3 up

up 1500 85 560 54 1400

do by 16 5 90 140 49 350 on by by 40 14

do

do

2.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3,090

3,440

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.5

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by

2.4

by

33

by
by

by by

20
12

12 10

424x1.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by on by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

2.6

by

2.0

by by on by

2.3.2

by
1.

543

2.1

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

150

2.
2.2

1. 2. 3.

on

on

by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

102

24411.

on by 1641. by
7

18411.

2.4

box

no

no

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by on on on
2.7,

2.7

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

40 115

80

24 by

250

on by 4 on

0.04

by by

80 12,000

240

by 10 42 up

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by by on

2.4.2

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

18 80 on

2.4.3

by by by
3.

on on

1.
2.

by

0,

3.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

57

on

on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

58

1.

by by by

2.
3.

by by by

on

on

23

0.5

0.5

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

by

by

2.3
by on by

2.5 by

25.1

good do

2.5.2

2.2.2, 2.3.2,
2.6

2.4.2

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.2,

by by by

by

2.1 1

3.

20
600 60
120 1068
2.3.2.

18

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

200 on on

350 0.59 on 300 27.5 on 300 0.64 600 178

944

600

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.

by

bond by

2.

bond

bond by

on by no

by up by good 2.12b up up bond

on

by by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.12

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.4g, by by by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

do

by by

by up.

2.7

on

2.7.1

30

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

60 80

40 100

30

0.27 on

80 120 534

24

0.35

0.33

0.40
3000 160 13,350

49

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

80

240

1068 2.4.1

on
2.7.4

60 60
good

200

2.7.5

20
240 1068

60

18

on

2.6.2

pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

68 by 1981. on 1984. 1979. 1979. 1980. 1985. 3, 1978 1982. 1969, pp. 2nd 7, 1962. 1984, 1, pp. 1984, 6, 1983. 1982, p. 83. on 1979. 1979. 1981. 7, 1981. 1985, p. 14. by 1984, pp. 1, pp. 2.3, 1961. 1985.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

69

1984, pp. 1287, 1963, pp. 1981,

pp.
23174, 1985.
7.2,

5,
1974.

1982.

2nd

1986, p. 221. 1985.

by
156, 1966.

5,

1, 1973, pp.
66, 3, 1962, pp.

1986, pp.

on 21,

4, 1984,

pp.
1983. 1977. 1976. 1977, pp.

on
1974, pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Co py rig hte d
3.1

on

by

3.2.4

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Ma ter ial
on on by by
Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

71

3.1

3.2 by

3.2b

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

12 4

4 by

3.2
by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

73

on

33

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

3.3

3.3,

body

by
3.3,

on on by by

3.2.2.

3.4

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

py rig hte dM ate ria


Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

76

by by by

by

343, by

3.5

3.5

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.1

50
by

3.2.3

by on on up by 30

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

31 .

1800.00 300.00 225.00 200.00 180.00 165.00 150.00 149.60 130.00 127.00 120.00 113.5 107.177 97.5 83.88 79.6 70 68.898 60.0 58.248 50.2 48.75 48.7

6300

38 40130 62 50136 42 60142 55


60 100

72
40 36

300.0 44.894 37.275 27.077 30 17.6 40.0 15.0

838.00 70.435 58.704 121.00 42.834 141.82 43.9 96.0 29.5 87.5 83.0 30.825 86.0 26.4 15 220 25.5 20.704 39.0 38.6 18.50 67.815 32.5 30.2

530

60

39 129 36 16.5 39 98 72 36 36 15.5 18 36

60
52 1072

19.58 30.0 17.375 9.2 13.472 20.0 12.370 20.0 15.0 16.2

60
60

016
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

98 1151105 60

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

48.7 44.5 44.0 42.0 40.6 39.8 39.366 37.5 36.0 33.0 32.5 32.5 32.5 32.0 30.2 28.1 28.0 26.3 26.0 26.0 26.0 25 24.4 24.4 24.3 24.0 22.6 22.4

46 52 014

60
52

39 98 48 36 39

15.2 4.8 15.5 14.0 12.5 4.8 7.166 14.0 14.0 7.94 10.0 10.0 10.0 4.0 9.3 5.07 3.3 1 3.3 5.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 5.0 8.0 8.0 7.5 8.0 2.7 2.8

23.0 10.6 27.5 21.0 10.0 1.079 31.6 27.9 22.2 18.7 18.5 11.2 16.7 17.04 8.4 7.75 12.5 18.7 16.7 18.1 29.5 17.8 18.4 16.2 17.7 5.4 9.0

60 103
010 55 50 50 48 50 60142 520 82 81 50 55 46 111 50 51 48
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

520

32 15.5 120 39 39 39 96 39 71 126 43.2 20 39 39 16.2 39 18 96

505

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

19.8 19.8 19.5 19.2 18.2 18.0 17.0 16.2 16.0 16.0 15.1 15.1 15.0 15.0 13.1 12.7 9.0 9.0 9.0 8.8 8.7 8.2 8.1

13 11

110 95 60 117 88

24 19 36 15.5 36.9 126

3.0 6.5 6.5 4.0 4.0 2.0 2.0

14.5 14.5 11.2 14.8 10.3 6.147 6.4 12.3 6.3 11.8 11.7 2.9 10.1 10.3 10.6 10.0 2.4 8.5 8.8 3.5 9.2 4.5

1 312 1

60 48 110 120 120 60 100 105 125 51

39 96 18 15.5 15.5 36 30.9 19 21 16 36 17 96 17 18 37.6

3.8 3.0 1.6 1.1 3.0 3.0 1.6 11.0 1.6 1.5 1.7

180
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

130 65 145 48 145 135 92

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 6.5 4.9 3.6 3.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3

180 2

70 133 133 94 238 225 340 303

57.0 29.7 12.5 35.2 14 9.5 7 6 5.7 6

1.725 3.0 3.0 3.0 1.4

5.208 7.1 7.0 8.4 3.8 5.0 4.7 5.0 0.9 0.8 0.7

105 3 7 6 3 by on

0.9
0.7 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.08

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

22 6.2 9.1 11.2 1412 416 116 31.7 13.1 4.2 4.8 2.0 8.6 18.8 15.0 12.5 12.0 6.8 9.6 16.1 2.9 4.9 100 34 70 100 550 200 94 50 7.5 100 550 510 315 260 99 72 145 31 54
37

150

631100 62119 101117 500 200 100 48 14 97

26.67 26.67 28.34 26.67 26.61

386 320 214 160 80

v
260.02 130.02 60.02 30 10

25.9 22.0 12.6 7.05 2.1 2.0 8.4 11.9 15.4 6.5 1150

80 208 1072.8 547.1 288.3 111.7 42.9 80 120 125

42 25 13 6.7 23.34 23.34 29.17 30 35

3511 198 573.04 286.52 132.24 65.20 23.60

129120 1600 85.6

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

83

80 3.2

by on on on on by

by by

by

3.2.4

3.1, by

by

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

50

by

3.3

on on

3.3.1

by

up by
3.6

3.3

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.6

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.3.

80 300 700 53 18 38 238 13925 24 313 8 437 85 830 35 450 50 380 20 100

100 38 932 16080 22 852 9 117 86 37 49 20

110 39 259 17010 22 249 9 435 87 350 180 47 170 21

120 39 622 18 226 21 396 9 798

36 200 16420kg 24 729 11217kg

80

100 19466 436 8 484 21 777 2 496 3 105 4 4

110 20990 10008 23 301

120 22 514 532 24 825

18 729

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

88

d, db

3.7

3000
up by
1
up

26

on by

up by by

1.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2. 3. 4.

on

254

200 by 20 200 22 by by

350

3.3.2

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

by

by by

on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

91

by on by on on

upon

on

by by

on 3.4.2.

up
on

on

2.3.3 2.4.3.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

92

by

by on by on

up on
3.4.2, 3.4.3,

by by on on on

by

by by on by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

93

by do body body

3000

by 0.02 by

100.

on 1. 2. 3. 4.
6. 7. 8.

3.4

3.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

20
on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

95

on 3.4.

3.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3
3.8

2 30 6
by by by by on

on
by

3.9

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.9

do

up by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.10

12 up 400 800 124

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

by by

on up
no

3.4.3

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

3.1

by
by

by up by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.12.

by by by

by no

go

3.12

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

3.4.4

1. 2. 3.

on on 3.13b

by

on by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.13

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.130. by up

good

by by by

by 3.5, 6 bond bond by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

109

3.5

#20 #40
#200

bond, up on

3.5
by

on on. good on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

16

3.14

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2 3 4 6 7 8 9
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

112

by on.

3.16

by

by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

pp.

pp.
3,

pp.

J.,

by pp.

pp. pp.
8,

pp.

108,

pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

114

1983, 1977, J.,


W.

1972.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Co py rig hte d
4.3

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Ma ter ial
on on by on
Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

by on

3.

on

on on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.

50
by 4 4 on
50

200 by
50 50

on

2.

on 4.1.

0
3.
by

30

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

8.0 10.0
on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

by by
1.

by

by 10

2.

3.

by on

4.1.2

on

1.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.3

120

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.3 4.3b

4.4b

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.
by by

4.5

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

4.6b

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.7

126

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.

by
30

4.8 on dug

4.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.

by

up 10
3.

1.

no

2411.

4.9 1.50
1

1586 1.375 1.3 a

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by 18 by 6 50

50

2.

by by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1587 on
3

on
by

by on by

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

by

20

by

by

20

by
by

250

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

132

on by 4.2, 0.06 by 10 18

100

by by 4 up by

4.2

4.3

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.3
on

4.11 7.1,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

py rig hte dM ate ria


Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

138

3.

by by by

by

on

4.13b

by on

by

by

on

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

1586

1.

2.
3. 18

by

b 6

30

6 12

50

on

50

2.

3. by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.

6.

by 30 by 80 55

up by by

by by 0.77 0.25

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

141

by on on

150

4.14,

4.14

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

142

on by

on 4.15 by 4.16. by on box on

3
3 4
3

4.15

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1
by 2. by

3.

1 box. on on

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Next Page

34.6

on

1 2.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Previous Page

Co py rig hte d
4.18 7.1,
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Ma ter ial

2573

by on

by

on

on

on

4.19

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1,

k k

2573,

on

4.20

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by by by 4.21

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

on

on

4.5

10

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

on

2.

on

4.22

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on by by 2.

by

a,.
on by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4,

5
7.1

by
1.

0.009 0.0115 1.15

10

2. 3.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.1.3

on

5
4
5

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.

2.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

py rig hte dM ate ria


Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

20 1

25

125

4.15,
3.8 20 760 2 4.25 4.26 20, 110 20
79 4.24,

3.8

0.1

79
125 3.125 25 3125 3.125

by on on

4.6
7.1,

12

30

200

4.00

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on by by

4.7

7.2,
on

no

1. 2.

by

0.6

2.0

0.6 2.0

no
1.

by

0.3

0.5

2.

0.1
0.5
0 0

on
0
0

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on on

on

3.0
by

80

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

yo

4.29,

by

4.2.1

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on on

4.2.2

on
1.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3. 4. 6. 7.

on by by

on
50
do
52

4.8,

do

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3
8

4.31

4.31 by on by

on on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on
4.32,

by by

432

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1977,

by by 0.145

4.18b.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.

up

0.1

on by

100, by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3 8

on

4.33.

on
on

1.

3.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

170

on

by

1965,
0.5,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.34d,

by

1.0

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.37

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on up

no on

box,

by

by

by do

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.39

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1. 2.

3.
4. by

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.

6.

on

4.41

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4428, by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.10

by on by on 1 2

by by by
30

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

by

943

50

0.75 4.5 2.75

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.43

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.28

2.70 10, 20,

112

2.7 1 112 32.4 3.46

62.4 112

1 0.504

1230

10

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.273 5.1851 0.364

1 11,352 78,271 687.7


20

5.543

209.6

20

112 2240

0.545 1493 0.73

10.37 16054 17.78 7.84 249.3 110,690

30 6,

30

112 1.64

0.82 1.094 9.6 135,569 905 275.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.3
up 20 2.7, 0.3. 0.6,

2.7 1 1.6875 1 0.0016875 2.7 2.0625 0.6 128.7

0.0020625

100 0.84375 1728


739

0.522

1069 100 0.84375 1.37475

6 , 0.5884 1

1205 1742

0.8505

100 0.84375

1.90625 3904

6h

0.81587 1.1793

1671 2415

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

100 0.84375

2.4375 4992

6,

1.04325 1.508 3088

700

1,636,480 78,355

97,537 1171.05 2,398,498 1324.2 2,712,174 129,859

by on 1275 2.7 15

776

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Next Page

43

on

on

4.3.1

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

1
on

3 10 no

0.02

by

4.12

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

189

3.

4.44

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

bound by

go

on on by by

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

191

on

by

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.13

3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0

4.46
192

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

193

5
5

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.14

3.0

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.15

21 27 27 25 27 35 32 42 38 104 92 36 34

0.2 0.2 5.2 8.0 12.3 17.7 11.6 16.1 11.6 16.1 12.9 27.0

12 17 32 6 24

9 13 26 14 29 15 42 10 59 54 137 22 30

6 10 14 18 26 26 37 18 39 59 74 26 25

4 7 8 22 18 28 21 42 24 36 23 20

3 5 5 23 14 24 14 32 16 34 18 19 16

8 36
5 56 54 191 15 32

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.4

by by

on

by 1867, 4.48 by
k,.

by

on

4.48

4.49. by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by
on

4.49b.

k,

on by by
k,

4.49b,

k,

k,,
k,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.49

on on 4.49d

by

no

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

28 no on

on

1.
1

2.

up

75

300
232

56 4.6 on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

201 4.16a

10

0.2 67

1.
1

2.

20

60

125

k,

k,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.17

1 1 2

100 4.2 500 100


4

70 370 185 270 140 1 5.6 8

0.31 370 3 1 300 3

6 7

180 300 16.5 30 62

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.5

10 4

0.1 1

256

13
8 3.8 5.6

9
11

2 1 3

0.24 0.64

100 15 34

2 on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

k,

kJ3

on

11

on

8.9 on

1 up

11, kg 26.7 2 4.17.


8

kg kg 17.8

by on up 6

by on on 10 25

by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

400

150 100

3
40

8 8
8
14 18

1 kg

30.48

2. 1.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.5

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8
on

by

on by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

by on

by

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

k, b. on

no

on

on
1965,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on pp. on pp. on p. on pp.

on

pp.

pp.
J.

pp. pp.

pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

on p. pp. on pp.

on
pp.

on 2nd

pp.

pp.
by
J.

pp.

on pp.

J.

pp. pp. 11,

pp.
333,

pp. pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1967, pp. on 1967.

J.
98 1972, pp.

1977, pp. on 1967, pp. by 654, 1988. 1974. 1982. 7.2, 1982. 7.2, 1977, on
1,

1977, pp.

by 1957, pp. 2,1952, pp. 1 1

on
114. J.

1975.

2, 1982.

1978, pp.
0. 369.

on 92, 1968, pp. 95, 1969,

0. pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.
pp.
J.

pp. 2nd

38,

p.

2,

pp.

pp.

11

pp.

pp.

pp.

oJ
pp.

pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1977. 1987. by 1980, pp.


J.

J.
on 98,

106,

1972,

pp.

1373.

1961, 108, 1982, pp.

pp.
J.

1, 1982, pp. 1956. 102, 1976, pp.

1978,

67.

1983,
J.,

111, pp. 17, 1982. 3, 1980, pp.

7.1 7.2, 11,

7.2,

1984, pp. 1, 1982, pp. 13, 1976, pp. 21, on 82, 1956. 3, 1984, pp. J.

1977.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

215

94, 708.

1968, pp. 2nd

1974. 1962. 1975, pp. 326. 1981b, pp. 14,

3 1, 1977, pp. 1980. 107, 1981, pp. 1984, pp.

2,

1973, pp.

12.

1988. 1979.

1984. 2080, 1974, pp.

1956, pp.
J.

84,

1961, pp. 1970. 1986, 2, pp.

J.,

23,

1986, pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

91 1985, 121

1984.

109, on

11,

1983, pp. 670, 1979, pp.

23, 96, 1975, pp.

4,

1986, pp.

J.
1970, pp.
2,

1977, pp.
355.

105,

1979 pp.

111,

12, 1985, pp. 21, 4

on 1984, pp.

698.

3, 1981, pp.

1,

2, 1948, pp.

3, 1986, pp.
113, 1979. 9, 1987, pp.

1975,

1, pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

217

1985, pp. 1985, pp. 1973b.

11
1, pp. 98, by 1972, pp. 1981.

J.

5,
4, 1955, 2nd 1967. 94, 1968, pp. on 23, 4, 1983. 1963.
J.

61,

1,

1974, pp.

by 1975, on 1, pp. 850. 74, 1965, 219 426.

8,

6, 1958. 654,

1977, pp. 1867.

1,

1978, pp.

J.
102, 1976, pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Co py rig hte d
1.

by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Ma ter ial
Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on by by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

p p

good

on

1.
2.

by by

3.

on

on by
9.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on by

1.
on on

on

up
by 33

by
2 16

by

11

57
10
30

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.1

29

5.2

by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0,

6
on

6
1.1

5.3
up

5.3

0.5

7.2

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.3 5.2

6
12411.

4
0.785 p 3.14

60 1.0 6
213

5.2 5.3

up 62.5 62.5 10 20

3.14 58.88 34.95 93.83 58.88 34.95 31 3.

24

25

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on on

1.

by

2.

by

by 1

1976,

a a

8.9 95.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by

3.

on

0.938

5.2

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

0.77 1.02 12 12

1.02

0.4 12 12 0.785 37.7

30

113 37.7

6
0.469

6.8.
0.77
1

1.25.

6.8

1.25 8.5.
0.17
p
1

37.7

16

53.7 17.9
35.8
35

53.713

56

by

by

10

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.

by

by

by

1.

1978

1985

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

2.

by on by by
by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8.

5.4

on on by on on
5.5

by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.5

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by by on on do

7.2,

by 3.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by on on

by

1.

do

2.
3.

on on by
12

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

py rig hte dM ate ria


5.6

73

5.4

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2
5.4

5000 14 73

5.4 34.8 by 39,800 on 9

on
5.4, 5.4 39,800 0.167 2
5.1.2

5.6, 298

on on

1.
2.

3.

by

by 5.7.

1.

0.00025

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.7

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2. 3.

8 8

10

0.00033

by by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by

by by

1.

2.

by by

10

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.7.

by d,,
1.

d*

by

by
1

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

1. 2. W,,
3.

0.1

0.15

1.

by by

3. 4.

by by

6.

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by
60

50

on
1 50

0.375

50

5.9
1975,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on by

on 5.9.

5.9 200 3 10 21 36

on

on

by by

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on by on by

5.10

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

by

box hung on 5.10.

on

no

by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

55

0.1 1.10

5.5 5.1 80 5.1 0.4 112. on by 5.5. 11 5.1 15411. 0.5411.

0,

30

490132.2

0.733

202.3 0.733 x 0.1238 202.3 176 0.1238 12 26.08

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.11

5.1
7.5
550

530

325
100

5.5

0.4.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

26.08 30 26.08 325

530

202.3 176

100 202.3 30 176

323.82

157.58 481.4

on 3 3.5 3

38

78

no 3

2. by by

on on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6
5.1.8. on

5.1, by 5.12,
1

93.83

9 9

93.83 93.83

844.47
3,

5.12

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.1.4

on
on by by on 24 by by up by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by by

by by

by

on

by on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.6

on by

qp

10

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Next Page

3.

by 9,

5.1,

12 30 12 31,0001b 113 10.5 144

4 12 2
1.

pk,

34.95 58.88

5.1 58.88 34.95 93.83

19.6 31 19.6 11.4 360 26.496 25.3 36 26.496 3 30 0.01 1

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Previous Page

30

0.5

0*03 12

58.88

q,
0.094

58.88 113

0.93 0.93 0.054 11.4 360 113

Co py rig hte d
0.01 1 0.094 0.108 0.0033 2. 31 360 1000 26.496 30

5.1.5

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Ma ter ial
0.03 5.6 0.054
Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on
1982

1.

on

6
1

0.5

on

on on 12411.
4 5.1, 5.2, 30 125 5.6, 5.7. 5.2.

6 9
9

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6
14
1.

13.

on

2.

on 3.47 1.74 30

6x6

1.

on 4
2.

on

5.2

5.3,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by
150 1

3.

by

by
4.

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on by

1.

2.

on by

9.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

py rig hte dM ate ria

5.15

5.9. 1

125

62.5

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.6

2.

by 24 304 0.75411. 20. 1241.

up 5.2
p

1.0
6

5.3

1690 2

3.14 20 123.3

1.0

24

1690

41

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

12 440

14 25 1,

12 23 15

12. 0.4 4 38 6 12 0.785 37.7 30 0.785 38 113

6
1

8 30

7.2 0.14 13.2

0.14 3.14 102.4 34 25.3 8.8

on 34
3.

236
6.9

44 3
b

3 10
1

on

6 b

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3 on 236 34
4.

10 45

10 0.15 281 34 306 31

45

28

on

34

31

23

8
30 5.1.4,
a, a,

0.5 by

on 12

0.03 23

5.6

76

12

0.086

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.93 0.054 8 5.38

0.67

x 12 x

0.0018

0.012 0.086 0.0018 0.0998 0.1

x 30
0.12 0.014
0.1 34

12

0.134

5.
1 6 9 9

6
14 13 0.134 on 281

0.402

0.4

10

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

28119

3.47

1.74
0.58

2
0.5 0.6

0.47

0.5

6.

5.4,

6.5
2

34
1

6.5134000

0.9

6 12411. 32,500 34 6

9.
5.1.7

a by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on 1.
0

0
1.

0,

0,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

no

on

by

no

on by 1.5 on by

on

1 2.
1

0.5

1.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.2

7.8
2

1982.

5.8

3
3

9 7 6

9
5.8

on

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.7

by

5.9

on 6576

20411.

31 5.7,

7.75 7.75, 9

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.8, 7 6576
p

7 on

20112 4.7

0.6,
31

0.6 950

570

2.18 178

6576

5.24

570

26

59

5.1.8

n no 1 by on 5.16

no

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.16

270

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

5.10

5.10, 5 by by 5.16, 9. 6576 2.9 9


6 6

20

6 3
5.10.

5 6 31

10.67

6576

5124

5.10

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

38

1.

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.17

1.

0,

2.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.

b
9

6
by

on on
yy

yy

by by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

do

5.1.12. 5.17, 323

0.7,

0.17,

1.25 3.125

on
10.67 2.83

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.18

5.12.

50
20

0.195

50
1.875 30 1.875
1.875 30

1.25

0.195

2.635 30 2.635 30

25

2.39 1.52

1.25
1.25

15

25

0.195

2.635 30

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.83

30.

0.17 1 0.17 1 0*17 1

12010g1, 12010g1, 12010g1,

2.39 1.56

4.84

2.19 1.52 2.74 2.19 2.81 0.63 2.8 4.84 2.74

1.05
1.05 8.63

on

on on

2.

3.

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by

5.

500
0.75

1.

5.13. 8.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.13.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.

3.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on 5.19b. by

6.
31112.5 2.48 8.5 5.7

123, 6 6576 6 6165 2534 1278 4 1357

5.8

11.67 22.7 3 3

1438 7603

5.10, 274 0.7

0.7.

9.

274 575

1726 3

575 575 12.5 4 0.15 500 93

12.5 on

93 593

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

4.

by on on

x
0.5 by

on

3.6

0.192

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

66

31
3.6

31 0.2 0.22 by 0.02

12

3.6

by

11

14.6 on 5.12

5. no

on on

5.1.12

5.20b,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

on

on on by

no

5.11

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.12

bond by by by

2.

on no

on on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Next Page

by

by

6,

5.20.

5.14
12

10

1
1 2

300 1

110 120

5.12

5
237.5 2

237.5 237.5 1
5

575 2

812.5

0.25

932.66 4123.34

6
1.0

5.3,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1. 2.

by

5.21. by 5.2.5

5.2.8. by 5.2. on
5.1.14

5.22. on by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.22

on 5.22b, by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.1.1

5.1.7. by
1.

on
2

2.
by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6
5.23. 3.

by

5.1.15

2 2 on 3, by

a
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by

10 by on by

5.13
a a

9 11 14 18 22 27 32
14

17 24
1800 18 20 30
3

12 14 18 23 28 35 40 18 22 30

25 27 40

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.5. 5.13. 5.14. 10 by 3 5.1.1 5.1.7.

15

5.14

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

70001b

3 5.13, 14

7000 20 20 13.1

7000 20 13.1

140

by
10

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1. 2.

on on on on

3.

5.25, on
1.

2.

on on on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

by

1 by on by on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.16

50

30

on by on

by

by

by

by
2

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.26

a
3

5.26

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.17

on

bond bond on

by by

by

on by on by on
3.4.2.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

303

by on on by on on on

1.

2.

on by

3.

49

bond

by
4.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on by
90

0.8 0.2

1.2

on 0.3 5.26.

90 0.3

1.2

32
bond

bond

5.17.

p 3
1

36

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.27
0

on

80

4.4 by

88

3
80
by
90

36
36

5.2

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.2.1
by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

6
5.1.1 20

213

5.2.2

on on

1.

by
5.2.1

by

2.

bound by bound by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

308

bound by

5.2.3

1.

on on
2.

on

by

3. by

by

2 5.19.
12411.

1.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

309

20

10

5.18.

2.
1

5.3

6
31.37

1
20 31.37 1.25

10

7.29

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.29
5.19.

5.18,

5.29.

5.18,

9.

63

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

625

81
912
h

75
30

16.8 16.8

46.8
581

81

63 63 5.2.4

a
by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

313

2.
by by p

by

2.

by

3.
5.2.5. 4.
by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2 5.2 1.

5.20

5.20

0.94

4.27, 30 0.94 1

700 5 25

700
5.21

0.94

19

5.20

6
125

18 25 309 151.87 461

30

171

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.2.7

5.2.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

by by by

by

2.

by

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by on by

by on

by

by by

on

on

no

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

by

by on

by on

9.

p.
2,
pp.

J.,

20,

pp.
2nd

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

pp.

pp. on pp.
7.2,

pp.

J.

by pp.

308p. pp. on pp. p.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

pp. pp.

pp. pp. on pp. pp. pp. pp.

pp.

pp.
J.

3,

pp. 2nd

J.
J.

pp. 3,

pp.

pp.
25,

pp. on pp. on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

pp.
on p. p.

pp. by pp. pp. pp. 2nd

pp. on pp. on

pp. pp. on pp. pp.

J.

pp.

6,

pp.

pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

Co py rig hte d
on 6.1 by on
1.

by

2.

322
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Ma ter ial
by

6.1

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.

on
2.

2.
on

2. 3.

2.

1.

2.

3.

1.

on

1. 2, 1.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8 8

2.
6.2

by

0
0

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

on by by by

6.3

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

py rig hte dM ate ria


Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.4

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.

by 4. 6.4 on 6.5

p p

by 6.5. on

6.5

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.5

330

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.

2.
on by by 6.6b,

p y

1.5

0.15 1,

k,

by

4.16.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

332

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

333

0,

by 6.1 on 6.6. by by

6.1

6.6 by

on by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

334

6.7

1.

6.7,

2.

3.

on by

by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on 6.1.5 6.6.3

6.1

by

by

0,
by

6.3.
1. 2.

px,

3. 4.

6.1. 20411. 5 15

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

336

by

px,

p,, by

p,,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

337

pa

1.67 6.3 2.

by

20

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

338

6.4

by by

6.9b by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

10000

6.9

339

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on 6.4b. by

6.5

6.9 0.25 30 28 2.5. 30

29,000

144

4176 113.7
0.0055

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

113*7 10.75

0.6 x 35 21
3024 0.0122 x 3024 37.1

21 x 144

4176 x 30 7.9 6.9,

x 0.0055

3.8

4.

1 1

30 30

37.1 x 0.64 x 125 3 0 50 50 3x 10.75 x 1 2.5,

154.6

6.9b 125 13.48 3

13.48 2.5

5.4

0,

0.82

0.82

125 x 10.75 x 3 12 11.9

3.3

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.1.2

by by no by on

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

343

6.1.3

on

by by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

k,

by on on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

px

p, on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by body

6.3

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

10.
6.3 6.1 6.4

6.3

6.4 1.623 1.75 0.93.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.1 1

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.93

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.12

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0
0.5 3144x1. 0.25 50 3.6 30 50 0.25 25

30 3.6 6.2 22.4 12358.4 3.6 12358.4 44.49

314 6.2 10

308.96

56.25 6.12

9.2

4,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0,
0.25112 308.96 0.02 5,

no

on

6.3

2.435

0.02

2.435 11

308.96

6.3,
0.

0.772 11 6.12 51.9

1.4,

11

6.12 1.4 6.12

0.772 1.4

6.12 2.435 1.623 0.93


0,
y

6.3 6.4 0.926 9.2, 0.02 0.93, 0.926, 6.12

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

308.96 0.02 308.96


0.5

29.1

0.93 0.5

1.68

0.02 308.96

6.1.4

by by

dx2

on
p

by

by on 6.13.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.13

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

2.
by

by 6.13b.

by

on

by

nh
2.
y

by 6.1.3 6.6.1,

3.
p

do
k

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

6.6.2.

6.50
by

on by 6.6b. on

66

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.4

kox

1
by on on 6.55 6.56 1.16b
3

6.14b 4

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.14

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.5 38

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on
k

6.14b.

p
k

6.58 6.57
k

by

10

1 2 36
2

45 0.4

18 63 0.259 36 63 18 63 36 63 0.259

12 12

18

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

9.636

0.6471

0,

2,

3.867 10.976 51.76

20, 0.259 30 12

184.46 63 125x 36 30 12

0,
76.327 190.819 20, 381.639

6.15

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

363

do up

52

p,

2.2
p,

0.0521

y y.

y, p

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5
35.16 x 6.65
pk

6.16. x 41.6 x
p,

p 6.321

6.574 by

93.7

p. x

on
6
x

6.16. 12 30 1.24 1.6, 10.976 1.74 93.7 84.28 4.391 52.1 1.24 13.171

y,

41.6 1.74 10.976 17.562

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

84.28

13.171 41.6

3.756

13.171

30.70

90 4
p

1 0 3
p

12.576 12.773 13.171


p,,

y,

41.6 93.7
x

17.562 10 12 30 4 0.53

1.76

0.53 51.76 28.468 0.9


p,,

0.9

51.76

46.584

93.7 28.468 343.757 41.6 1.991 0.0247


p
yk

343.757 28.468 141.632

24.7

24.7
p p

21.778 24.359 26.3 19 46.584

35

6.16

10,

6.1.5

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by

on

by

by 6.19 6.1.1.

6.17, 6.18,

6.19, 6.20.

6.21. 6.22.

0.25 29,000 35

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.17

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.18

30

29000

144

4176

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

369

6.19

3.15

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.20

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

816.
6.21
371

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.22

3.8 30 3.8

30

7.9

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Next Page 373

50,

0.18,

k,

6.2

on 8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Previous Page

6.6

68

6.6.

6.1.3. on

Co py rig hte d
6.3
on
1.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Ma ter ial
7.2,

by

by

on

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.

by

3.
a.

by

6. 6.2 by

b.

n
4.

a.

by
b.

6.6, on by by 6.1.3

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

5.

6.

by b.

6.1.4.

d. do

on g. by 6.1.3.

on
y,
p,

38,

29,000 18 on on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

377

on no

1. 2.

6.23.

36

3
on

18

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3. 38 42 52 90 44 48 38.

144 3.38

3.38

7.3

4,

0.8 1 0.6 1.5

44

2.05 56.06 81 0.12 0.42


0,

2.05 103 120 1 x 1 6.9b, 10 10 0.120 121.89 2.5 121.89 48.8

56.06,

0, 121*89 1.58 0.12 3 0.42 48.8 0.67 7.78 254.35 7.78

0.82

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

379

1813 6 6.2, 0.7 x 48.4 34 178 254.35 0.7


4.

6,

0.7

0.7 0.7

90 63 3.38 x 63
6.8

5.

6.3

6.4

y 0,

2.435, 3.38

1.623

8.8

0.25 3.38 12

42.4

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

380

6.3,

0.772 0.772 42.4 8.8 288 3

5.
4, 34 2.435 178 6.

0.2

6.1.4.

45 0.4

18 0.259

120

36

63 18 63

12 361 12

18

63

36 11.563

x 4.144 11.40 1.84 106.935 181.480 388.920

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

p,,

pd
ppd

0.259 x

36 12

63

0.4

36 12

120

36

63

10 20 30 do

43.964 87.928 219.82 329.73 439.64 659.46 6.24.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

py rig hte dM ate ria


Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

383

6.25

6.7
6.25.

90

3.38
8.2 8.2 8.2

6o

7.3
6.3 6.4

50

90

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.9

6.25.

y3.38 8.2 1.8

6.8.
6.9 6.26.

8.1
y

8.1

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.26

6.10.

90

6.10

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.3

6.4
x
8 y

50

90

0,

0,

0.1

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.13

6.13. 6.27. 22.4 380 0.27

on

34

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

388

178 90 0.27
380

6.4

by 6.1.

6.3 by

0,

0.

6.3.
1. 2.

px,

3. 4.

6.1

6.13.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

389

6.1.

6.4 on on

6.71

6.72

2.

6.28b.

2. 6.5b.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3
3

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.28b

45 on 4 125 35 29,000 35 2.5 12.75411.

141.74

x 144

4176 x

4176 x 0.0093 38.84 x 192 x 2 30.1 0.0175 12.75 0.0175 x 0.6 x 35 x 144 52.92 141.74 3514.07 8.6 52.92 6.28b, 3.5

22.03,

2 22.03
0,

11.

11 x 2

24.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

9.9

6.5
on

6.14

0.39
3.5

0.50 0.61 0.63

4.5 5.0

0.45 0.50 0.55 0.55 0.65

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

393

by 32, 6.14. 22 33

3 3
2 2 by on

5
6 by

0.65 8.

6.6

6.6.1

6.1.3

y,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.1.3

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

396

6.29b. 2, 4, 10.75
k

0.25411. 4176 0.25 on no 67 114 4176 22,968 1.8 120.6

on 4.16,

0.0055

40 3.73

10.7

0.25 12

0.02

22,968

3.73

1.4

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

397

0.02

1.4 22,968 6.3

6.3 0.4. 6.3 3.73 9.4

3.73

6.6.2 by

35

6
p y,

6.1.4.

on

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

398

68

on Jx

y,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

399

0.005

0.02 0.01

by

on
3

6.30

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.

y 3. 0 y 15y,,

15y,

p,

y50

by

p,

16y5,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1 2

by

by

on by

upon on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on by

p.

12
J

0.25 3 30.757 120x 3.33

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0,

3. pu 1 3 9.99 y, 2.5 0.083 0.01 3.33 3.33

0.01.
by p p 11.357 p y 0.72pu, 0.72 9.99 7.19 0 y 8y, on

0.664

9.99

6.287 0.249 7.178


0

6.31. 3.975 p
0.5

p,,

3.975

3.33 y 9.529

13.236 0.249 30.757 13.236 1.549

y,

0.083

0.72

13.236 9.529 p y y 0.664

p,,

p 6.627 8.330

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.31

pb
p

p.
p

p p.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8.253 10.374 3y,


1

0.249 1.245

pb

11.867

3.858

6.31

6.6.3

by

6.1.5

y by y 6.32.

6.32

6.33

6.15.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.32
406

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.15

20 6.2 5.0 3.1 2.7 6.9 1.6 1.3 3.1 2.5 1.5 1.3

20

20

20
3.1

20 9.5 7.7 4.6 4.1 9.2 7.5 4.7 4.0 1.0 2.4 1.9

8.0
6.4 3.8 3.4

1.2 9.4 6.0 5.0

3.7 3.0 1.8 1.6

2.4 1.5 1.3

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

633

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.36.

12411.

3
20

30

1241.

634

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.35

1.2
20
8

6.32a
3

45
2
4.12

60

312

1.5

20
30

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

20

30

2.3
6.34.
20,

20 6.7 6.2

20

0.083

33.2

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.6

by

6.6
on

3.8

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.37,

31

3.6
75 30 0.25

6.37
q.

4.24 6.37 31

6. q,

64

64

0.382 198.028 6.1

144 0.382

198,028 142

31 6.1

5.0 3.5

75

7.59

2.12

1011.67 6

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.28b, 1.57 2.5, 6.76, 6 0.65 3.7

6 1.57 3.7 9.3

14.43

0.65

6.14

0.25

0.02

6.1

198,028

6.29,

0,

1.4,

1.

0.02

1.4

198,028

198,028 5.9

6, 142 99.4 198,028 6.6

0.7

6.29,
6.6

6.1.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

30

on 14.43 30

30

6.8

on
1.

on

on

2.
by 3.

4.16.

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.

4.16.

by 6.1.3.
k

4.16.

by 6.6.1. 6.6,
k k, k

by by
k

on by

5. 3 6.
4.

by 6.6.2. 3

6.1.3.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

k.
k k k

k on

do

on on by

p,

6.9.

6.9

do

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by

by

6.9.2

by

by by

6.38

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

20
on by

6.38,

by

by 6.39 6.47

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.40

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.41

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.42

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.43
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.1
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.8
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

kb.
3 4.

on 1.5
4, 4,

0.25411.

1.5

y,

0.25

0.

6.3
0.4 41

3.0
4 4

55
14.0

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Next Page

6.10 1.

on
2.

on

by

3.
3.1

4.16, 2 by 4 3.2 6.2 6.14,

4.

4.1 3.1 4.

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

433

by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

25

500

on on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

20

0.5

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.40, 6.43,

2.25 1.5

0
5 5.1 0.02
0.38

0.125 0.125

157

143.7 0.02 6.7

300.7

24 24 6.7 160.8 160

160
6.1 1

by on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.

3.

by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by on
6.11.1

on on by

on by 6.50, by

by a. a by a
b. b

6.50,

2.

6.50, on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

300

bp
550
Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.50

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

6.51

y y

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by
1.

by

3.

on on by on 2. do

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.52

by on
3.

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

k,x

k,

k, k,

k,
k,,

by

1.075nh

1.62

4.16. on no y on on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

0
by

6.1

by 6.1,

by by on on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.53b,

on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

by

by by 6.54b. 0.16, 0.38,

on

on

on

6.12.1

by

by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on on by
10

on

on

by

30 on

6.55.

6.55.

on 6
5.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.55

6,

6,

0.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.12.3
by

6.12.4

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.01,
by

by on
2.

on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.12.7

by 1

p,
b

p,
by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.12.8

on on by
b

1
p,

6.56
6.12.9

by

0.4

6.14

25

38,
6 12 12 on 2.5. 0.5 29,000 on 6.57.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.57

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

no
2.

60
k,

0.09 x

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.445
p,

0.434 0.373 0.3

1.023 0.445 0.445

p, pu

p,

3 0.434 3.3

3 0.373 115.39

3 x 0.3 380

3.3

30 438 3. 6.57, b 4 8 25

1 7360 255.8 7615.8 2.5 8x 3.32 0.028 2.5

0.445

3.125,
0.09

57.5

5369.0

5369 7615.8 x 2 5

30

p,

0.189 8.63

0.022

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

p,

p,

p,

8.6

0.01

0.01

0.01 0.866

p,

p,

3.0 37

6.13

6.58b on by 6.58by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

on

6.13.1

by

0,
by

2
6.59.

p,

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.13.2

by

6.13.3
by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.13.4

on

on
2.

b,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.60

b
on on

6.13.5

by by
6.13.6 b

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.17

on on on on

by

by

by

on on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

29,000 2 1

6.61,

0.0134

0.01

no

2 2 9

1 2

25 92.63

0.785 0.5

78.5

14.13 78.5

2 3.25 0.4 2
1

2 25 25 2

3.25
0

3.25

40

3.25

130

92.63

130

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.15

up on by

on

6.18

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

468 6.19

by
1.

by by on 6.19. by 6.20.

2.

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.5
0.3

0.5 0.8
by

2.

6.20

by on 0.7 on

0.7
6.16

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on by

by

on on

on

by

by

on

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

471

by by by on on

by by

on by on on on on by by

on on on on on

on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

472

1982. on 1968, pp. on 105, p. 8, 12, 1979, pp. 1961,

J.
1964b, pp. 1964. 1985 2nd 1978, pp. 1961. 1971, pp. 1970, pp. 1963, 39, 1963, pp. 109, pp. 1936. 6 1983 pp. 105, 1979, 456 p.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1204,

pp.

pp.

1,
pp.

pp.

pp.

pp.

pp.
J.

pp.

pp.

pp.
7.2,

pp.

pp.
J.

pp. pp.
J.,

pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

pp. p.

pp. pp.
J.

pp.

pp.

pp.
J.

pp.
J.

pp. pp. pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Co py rig hte d
on on 12
1

33

0.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Ma ter ial
on
3000

on

61

121

on
2.3

on 2.4

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

10
7.2. 132 no. 165 on

99
198 no.

no.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.2

1.5, 1.6,

1.8

on

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

py rig hte dM ate ria


73
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1964 12 1023.3 0.64 7.3. 6 on by 4 40


10

93.3

7.1

by

up

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

33

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

481

on on

upon

7.1.1

on no on by
21

7.5

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

483

on

7.5, on

7.6,

on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

1.

2.

3.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.7 a a
W

a
485

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by

7.8b.

by 7.8,

on

0.04.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.145 by by

7.2
by
1.

by no no
2.

on on

on by by

3.

7.4.

by on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

by on

2.

3.

by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

kx

k,

7.11

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.1

7.2

0.3,

7.2.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

12.0

16.0

b,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

b
7.14

4.5

by by on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.90
0

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1. 2.

1.
on

on

2.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on
6.

7.17

20
W.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2 3

0.13 0.24 0.32

0.9 0.9 0.9

0.18

7. 7.17.

10

8.

7.3.

7.4.

9. by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.3

0.93 0.93 0.90

by

3d,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on
2.
0.30

on

on

10

7.4 by

7.4.1

1974,
1. 2. 3.

no

6.

7.18,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.19. by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

pp

b a

2
by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

5.33

8.00
16.474

by 7.19.

by

1,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.19

1
7.32 7.33

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.37,7.38,

7.41

a,

0.7, 1

1.

body.

2.

0,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

k,

7.20

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.

do 7.21

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.7,

10

2.

3.
7.22, by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.24

7.4.2

7.24b,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Ma ter ial
25

0.0306

op yri gh ted
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by

1.

2. 3.

7.25

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by on

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by

by on

k3
by

6 0

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.26

y,

k,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.27

on

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on
7.3,

on on

on

7.29.

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.70 7.28. 8 2 10

6.70,
3 no 2.4 on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.

on on

no

2. 3.

1.

2.
3.

by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

by

7.6

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.6

0.0

0
8.2

2.0

on

7.6

on by by

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

1.

7.23.

7.29. 3.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.

2.

5
1

3.

3,

by

1.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.5.

2.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

h
10

3.

3.

on on on

do do by on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.7

a on on

24 24 on on by on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Next Page

18 10 30 by 200 18 15. 25 30. 5.8

20

6 on up 105 20 100 25

30

9.0

1 0.43 4
0.025 1762 6

364 0.02 0.17 g 5.8

7.32 7.32. 15 7

50 g,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by up by on by 0.2 on on 10 20

7.8

on
7.8

good

h
k,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.34

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

by on on

on

g 68g
0.010

60

on

on

by 7.34. 0.83 by on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.0

0.1

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.
3

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.10

108.0 47.8 101.6 37.8

2,

14.9 9.7 9.5 9.3 19.0 19.0 5.08 209.5 9.52

4.123 0.728

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

41,

0.04 g
b, b. b, 7.38 1. 0.18g. 2. 7.37,

7.1

1, 7.40, 0.15 g.

7 7.40.

0.26

3.

b,

4. 4

7.40,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

737

12

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

no.

do

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

41 41 41 by 7.36. by on 7.41,

on 0.04g.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

,db

7.42

25

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

no. 21

7.43.

2
on

7.44.

7.44.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

8,

by

on by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.1

75 12

1.2

1. 2. 3.

3 0.25 0.25 12.5

62.58 b

8.6286

on

80
80

75

1 32.2

80 100 32.2

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.64 8.0352

32.2

12

12.5

62.58

8.0352 1 2x

1.27885
1 0.7820 1.27885

7.17, 1940 1.2

7.4, 5 0.315 15, 12.5 2000 0.315. 1.2 48.25

2.435 12 2.435 0.4928


p

0.99

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

p,

1.

62.58

0.5 a a
0.51

5
0.90

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.90 76.96

12.5 2000

0.67

923.53

0.93

y,

2.435 1.623

0.67 2.435

0.7238

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.12b,

by

50
50
50

50

1.2

400

110
150

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2,

3, 3
6

4,

4 4 3 4

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1 10
2.5 x 0.5

0.5

7.23 483.92 2.5 105 4oo

625

625. 7.23a

625

0.04

125

0.038

0.068

125

0.063

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.5 105 0.5

0.038

14923

1244

2.5 1 0 5 483.92
2

0.063

25.56

2.13

3.3 1

3.3

4.67

60
1 1

60

0.5 no.
3.3

3,

25

0.54

0.65 60 0.54

0.65 0.54

35

0.59

no.
0.52
1

0.52 2.70

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1244 2.7

1842

2.13 2.7

3.15

2.7 400 400 2.5 2.7 2780 225

1
3.3
1

5.3

6.70 2.5 2.99 6.70 3.45 2066.84 6.6047 3.45

82799 1842 225 3.15

4 7.454.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3.3

5.3

3.3

7.45

11
16
Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

2, 4, 6,

3.3
1, 3, 7,

4.67

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.59
4.67,

by

7.67

by 9

7.68.

on

2.7

6.7 6.7 7.84

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

561

4.

k0,

2056

237 1

3.52 11.36 2
4x4

7.84

1 28

3.3 6.6 9.9


11.898

0.59 0.4 0.47 0.375 0.362 0.367

3,9 4,16 12,14 5,15

75 351 0.46 0.3 75 351 0.45 750.285 0.29 0.38 028

10.436 7.38

13 7
11

14 4.667 9.334

0.336

2
0.33

0.52 0.405

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.55

2317

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.7 3 3.3 11.9 1 11.9 1 11.9

11.9

11.9

4.5 6.7

6.12

6.7

1653.15 334643

13.94

2657 23 17 4.55 3.97 by 4


1.

405

3062 2722

13.94 13.94

18.49 17.91 by 20

10

15

4 11.9 11.9
5.0

2.5 3.

105

3 32 32

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.

k$

k$

2000

2000

0.0156

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2000
v

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.5

3456 0.0378 144

2.5

144
3.0362

3456 0.0916 419 12

833.
0.3860 0.4547 0.3860

7.5

500,

833,

333

0.2677
500

0.3034 0.2677 500

833.33 0.2915

333

2.5
4.318

3456

0.4318

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.5 x 347.835

x 3456 x 0.2915 419 x 12

0
1.2 x

7.31,

2 x 300 x
3.827 on 7

x 7.31. 4x4

7 2,6,8,10 1 3,9,11 4,12,14,16 5,15 13

0 3.3 4.6667 7.38 6.6 9.334

1 0.47 0.33 0.08 0.12 0

7.31 1

25

0.5.
v

0.4 4.76

4.76
16 x 3.0362 4.76

10.21

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

240 4428

4.5 369 7.6

4.5

6.72

32.2 7.6

10.6 410,099

17.0875

3529.00 369

10.21

17.0875 10

500

7.5.

833

500

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

500 833 1.2 6, 13433.33 1.2 419 23.3879 12 0.1 26.8667

no. 2, 3, 6, 7, 10, 11, 14, 15 no. 1, 4, 2 431,800 8, 9, 12, 16, 13 1050 2

2 73.94

12

164.949 x
h

1
4.5 6.714 0.67

7.6,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on on on

on

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by by on 7.46b on

1.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

on

by

by by up
2.

2 by good by

on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

by

1.

by

by

7.9.3

k,,

2.
on on

by by

no

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.40

7.9.4

up

good

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by by

by
0

on good. by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

12

7.49

on

g 3

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

7.10

on 10 by by

on
by 00 00

0.40

0.43

0.24 1.8 1 107.4 2.69

2. 3.

200 88.2

50

99.5

99.9

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

50

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

68

no

0.05 up,

0.1

7.55

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3 68

on

on by on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8%
3

7.55

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.

3.

by

2.
3.

good

by no by by
1. 2. 3.

on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

on on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

585

on

by

on by pp.

pp. 0. pp. on on pp.

pp.

J.
pp. on pp.

pp.

2,

pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1984, pp.

105,

1979, pp. on 1985. 1981.

on 11, pp.
138, 1989. 2, 1973, pp. 1970.

on
1982, pp.

J.

97,
444, 1969, pp.

1971, pp.

J.
109, 1983, pp. 1983, pp. 11, 1974, pp. 103, 1977a, pp. 2, 4,

pp.

1977.
J.

98,

1972, pp. 109, 7, 1983, pp.

J.
110, 13, 4, 1976, pp.

on
6, 1984, pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

587

J.
103, 1977, 2,

J.

1, 1973, pp.
1970.

4, 1968, pp. 97, 1975, pp. 1971, pp.

105,
1980.

1979, pp.

1962. 1981. 1985. 4

pp. on
1,
1971.

on
1967, pp.

2, 1973, pp.

2, 1977,

no.
1980.

1, 1970, pp.
1988. 1979.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

pp.

pp. pp.

pp. pp.

p. pp.

pp.

p. p.

pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Co py rig hte d
by on bond
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

4.3,

Ma ter ial
by by on
Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

10

by

by

3
0.02

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

do
1700

no 1700

do do do

by

by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

on

8.2

on

by
1.

2.

no

3.

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on on
on

on
8.3.3

8.2.1

on by by

on on by

by on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8.1

a a

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

on

on by

on by on
J,

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on on by on on
0

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by

on by on

by

by

8.2.2

by on

1.
4

by
2. 3.
9

on on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.

on on on on by by on 260

up

2.

on on bond bond 6 on bond bond by bond


40

on bond

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on on on by

kg
p

19 70

on by

on

8.23

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1.

2.

by by

3.
by by on

4.

8.2.4
by by bond by bond bond

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

601

8.3.
bond bond
3 4

bond bond

1.

3.

by
4.

on by

334 x

3347,

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

by by 2 by good

on 2.75 15 1.88 155

1.

13.75

6.58

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.

0.15
1.88

6.58 6.58

297,754.5

3.5 8.3
on

by

by

on

by by on no

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8.3

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8.2.2.
8.3b on

on

8.3b

by bond 8.3.1.

bond

1.

on bond 8.3.1.
2.

8.3.2.
3.

by 8.2.2.
4.

bond

by
8.3.3.

on by

8.3.1

bond

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.6 0.6

bonb bond bond bond bond on by bond

on on

on by on on

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

198

by by on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

bond

on on by bond 2. on

8.3.2 on by

on

1.

3.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

85

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8.2

3.0

on on

by

8.9,

8.5,

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

8.2 8.6.

by by on on by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8.6

b,

8.3

do

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8.3
b

0.151

by

on on

on

8.6

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8.8

8.8.

on

16 on

20
on on 10

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8.9,

11.25
8.1, 8.4,

225

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

954.26

0.04 20
0.002 0.1
8.6, 70

0.002

494.8 by

11.25 0.6 8.4, 375

0.6

225

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

b
x

by

8.3.3

by

on by by by

by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.41,

0.41

0.3

0.3,

2 by

8.4 on by by

8.3.
good

8.4.1

8.10

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8.10

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

n on

by

0
by

8.1 on by 0.04 8.2. n 3, 8.1 1b 8.1 1 0.02 b by on by good on on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8.1 1 3,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8.3 20

8.10

1.816 0.3
50 20

2.5 125 8.1 0.3

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

43

0.125 6

64.5

14.5

on by

by x

by

by

8.12 292 20 by

2.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on on on by

1.
6

77 58 on on 1973,
6 6
8.5

2.

by 2 3

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on on

x
on bond,

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by 8.2.2.

by

on

by

1.

200

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

200x4 nx5000 225 by 2.

4 0.9 20

y 3.

on

on
on on

0.7 1484

105

742

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

15

1113

556.5 371 200

10 210

371

210

10 2
4. on

0.225

10

0.05 2 20 0.225
237 210 33 2

474

53.3 by
8.2.2,

69.4 by

10 2 by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on on

on by by on on on

bond

bond by by on

by bond

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by

on by on on by by bond by on

0.

pp.
22,

pp.

pp. on p. pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

pp.

J.,

pp. p.

J.
pp. pp.

by

pp. on pp.

pp. pp. pp. pp.

pp.

pp.
J.

pp.

pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

633

1239, 1959, pp. on 58, 1960, pp. by 1960, p. 92.

74, 1976.

1959, p. 219.

J.,

18,

3, 1981, pp. 7, 1, 1975, pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

Co py rig hte d
by
1. 2.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Ma ter ial
on on
Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on on by on 9.2, on on

by by

by

up no good up

up

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

636

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

9.2

box

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

638

on do

on

do

on on

on

0.01 on on on 9.3b,

on by up

10
on on 9.3b.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

639

9.3

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

on

0.001

by by by

9.4b up up

on on by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

9.4

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

8.0

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on 18
2

6.63 1 do

good

on

9.1.2

1975, 1957,

1. 2. 3. 4.
by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

100 200 0.01 200

125

150

175 h.

200

24 h.

1h

10

20

2.
by

20

300 2.5

by 3 h.

3.

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

4.

by

20

by 50

on
9.6,

9.7
by

9.6

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

on upon

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

80

8.
1.

by

on

2.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

9.8

py rig hte dM ate ria


Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

9.8b

do

on

3.

on on

4.

90
on 9.8d

5.

80

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

9.9

80

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

6.

9.9b,

on on

on by by
80 do
7.

on

on

on
0.05

on

0.05
8.

on

9.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

9.9d. on

by 12 32.

on by

12411. 90

on on 9.2.4 9.3.4 on

9.10b.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

9.10

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by 30411.

by
by

90
on

9.1.3,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

355

9.2

9.2.1

9.12 on by

9.13 9.12 on 8

no 9.13 by

on on on on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

656

9.12

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

good

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

9.12 on 8

9.13,

9.1.1

9.1.1. 9.2.2

on

9.2.3
on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

659

1.

2.
3.

on

9.15

0 0
0

9.14

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on by 9.14. on 200 9.1.2. by

9.15 190 by 9.15, 170 on 9.2.3

9
2

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.

on on

3.
on

9.3

9.3.1

by

by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

9.16

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

663

9.17

by good on 9.16, 0.01 on on


0.01

on

on by 9.18 up, by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

9.18
1.

25 170 75 200 50
0

10 75

200 100 190

180

125 200

25

10

150

50

2.

200 150 200

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

10 210 220 230 240

50 10

25

10 20
by 9.3.4.

93.3
on by

1. 2. 9.20 9.3.4.
93.4

a
9.10b, 20411. 40411. 9.19 3041. 48411.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

666

by

on

0.06 0.01 on by by 0.25 0.76 2 h 1


0.5

2 h

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

667

0.01 0.01 9.20

by 1. 2. 0.25 by by 21.6 1 21.6 22.5 9.20.

no
on

9.20

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

on

on by no on on

9.4.1

on

on

on by 610 by 19

on

body. by on by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

669

1984.

on on

9.22.

9.22

1984.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

on

by

on on

on

on by

on by by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by

9.4.3
by

on

on

9.23

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on
by

k, k,

on

kg

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

8, 8, 9.4.4
on 7.46b

by

by

9.5

200 1

32.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on

on

on

04.08, pp. 04.08, 1989, pp. 04.08, 11,


J.

1989,

1989, pp.

1987, pp. 89, 1963, pp.

1977, 59pp. 1970, pp. 97, 1988. 1970, pp. 1971, pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1972, on 1989, 333, 1972,48 pp.

pp.52

101,
1980, pp.

1975, pp.

333, 1970, pp. 1981. on 1984, pp.

1987, pp. on 35, 17, 1967, pp. 1974, 35 pp. J. 108, 1982, pp. 1981. 1988. by 1985. 1972, 20pp.

J.,

43,

6 1969, pp. 1986, pp.

112,

12, 1986, pp.

on
21,
4, 1984, pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on
11,

pp.

pp.

pp. pp.

pp. pp. pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Co py rig hte d
10.1
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Ma ter ial
on by
677
Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

10

10.1

10.1

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

679

by

by no 10.2 10.2 on on

2,
2

2.

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

10.2

up by

1.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

681

10.3. up 0.71. 10.3

2.3.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

2.3.

2.60.

bound

by

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

683

k, 2000
k,

0 on up

477 k,

2000
k n,

1. 2. 3. 4. ko

k,

k 0 k,

k,

0, by

10.4d

on by on

k 10.5

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

684

100 2000

1000,

b 2000

k,

500,

k,

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

b,

10.5. 10.7, 100

100

on

100 by

100

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

10.2

10.3

10.2
by

by on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

687

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

10.9

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

10.8 10.9.

J,
on 1.33 1.6. 10.10,

by 1.33

4, 10.11.

on good

10.3 no on by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

10.11

0,
10.3.2

1,

10.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

10.12 691

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

10.12
0

2.0

1.5
1.0 0.50 0.5

0.4167 0.8333 1.250 1.6667

10.13 4

0.2,

0.4

2.0

1.5
1.0 1.0

0.4167 0.8333

1.6667 1.250

10.14 4

0.2,

0.4

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

10.2 10.3

k 10.12b

0,

0.2 0.2 by
10.4

0.4

by by on 6. by

pp.
J.

pp.

pp.

10, by

J.,

pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

Co py rig hte d
on
Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Ma ter ial
on by
Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

11

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

0.5
0.5 1.36 0.68 2

5.9
31
p

22.67 1.67

5.24 0.68 22.67 80.8

4 4.7 18.6, 5.8


9

5.7 3, 6.
354.5

6.

12.57 4.7 6

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

698

354.5 80.8 435.3


11.1.

by

80
435

425, 428,

452 9.

435.3 435 11.4.

1986

2000 1988

25

by

15
204 13.4.

1.36 0.8

45

3.7

1 18,000

30

118,000

11.2

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

11.2

4.27

4.7

0.5

1.36 0.68
17

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

12

3015 4 5.14,

6 3 13.4 13.4 2.5 33.5

118 6 2.5 2.5 5.1.15. 392.5 11.2. 530 540 157 392.5

157

151 543.5 by 540 9.

543.5 11.4.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

py rig hte dM ate ria


20
30

11.75

66

9.6

30

154 9.6

20

20 10

12.75

39

12.75

59

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

11.1.3

by

by by

11.3

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

by by

by

by

on

11.2

445.6 264.0 516.9 381.1 222.5 629.2

461.6 229.2 539.3 366.3 242.7 659.6

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

11.4

11.2

on
on
1

by

2.8

by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

3
4

42 12 74

33.6

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

11.6
4

706

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

11.3

95.8 1984.

by
11.10. by 1. 2.

3.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

708

4 8 12
20 24 28 32

30 30 30 70 67 240

1440
30 30 30

2
17 23 28 34 39 45 3 10 20 30 40 50 47 75 102 128 155
1 907

1440 10 30

120
4

30 30

30

1984.

11.5

a 5.2.1

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

11.7

11.8

2
709

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

710

11.9

11.10

11.5

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

11.6

2
3 4

18 22
43 76

31
50.8 167.7

1984.

1. 2.
3.

11.3,

11.11.

2,

good do

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1 2 3

p,

11.3

on by

3
on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

713

by

6
1.
y

on 6,
11.7

10

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

714

0.25 k
3d.

d
3d 0.25k

3.

y.

0.25k

11.12

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on 11.7. 11.12. 1988, 11.8. 11.13.

1.
2. 3.

11.8

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

1. 2.

on

3. on 9.5 by 100 on on by

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

11.9

on

on

on

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

11.14

11.15
718

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

on on on on
2.
1

2.

1.

2
up
5

on on

11.16

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

no

1985, 1988, 1987, 114, 113, 11, pp.

11, pp.

1988, pp. 333,1970, pp. 112.

1989,

J.
89,
J.,

1963, pp. 1989 pp. 1981, 278 pp.

110,

9, 1984, pp. 1962. 1981.

on
1 pp.

1989

1988, 1762.

11 1, pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com

no. pp. on pp.

on J.

on

J.,

pp. pp.

Copyright 1990 John Wiley & Sons

Retrieved from: www.knovel.com