‫ -כוזרי‬Хазарин – Hazar - Xäzär – Χαζάροι – ‫ -خزر‬Cosri SHORT SUMMARY OF Y-DNA EVIDENCES
(should be applied to all Y-DNA relatives from the same 1200 old Q1b1a Khazar cluster)

*This ancient royal bloodline has been verified and certified (comparative method applied), in 2010, by iGENEA, of Zurich, which is the largest genetic genealogy organization of Europe, as "The Ashina of Khazaria". iGENEA focuses on antic populations of Europe and works closely with the largest geneticgenealogy company in world- FTDNA. iGENEAs expert team include Dipl. Biol. Joëlle Apter (M.Sc.), Dr. sci. Tamara Brown (PhD) and Prof. Dr. Reinhard Renneberg.Such formal certification is coherent with earlier opinions of number of researchers including Ellen LevyCoffman and Nathaniel Pearson PhD, a scientist who has studied at Stanford University and the University of Chicago. Pearson conducted research on genetics as part of the Human Genome Project. He traveled to Eastern Europe, Asia, and the Middle East collecting genetic data using blood samples and cheek swabs. Some of his test subjects were North Caucasians, Turks, and Sino-Tibetans and others. *Krupa de Tarnawa of Croatia family is carrier of a rare Y-DNA haplogroup Q1b1a (M378+,L245+) mutation, as subclade of Q (M242) „Central Asiatic“ haplogroup A study published in 2004 by Stephen L. Zegura states that, "The mutational age of QP36*, the marker defining the entire Q lineage, is 17,700 ± 4,820 years BP". Its original source is the region of the Altay Mountains near the borders of Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, and China (Zegura 2004, pp. 164-175). The Q1b1 (the Q1b1-M378 subclade is currently defined by several mutations: M378, L214, L215, while L-275 and L314 is labeled as Q1b) with its several submutations (QL245, L-272.1, L-301,L-315, L-327 etc.) is situated directly below the Q1/P-36.2, and therefore, together with Q1 forms a genetic cluster that is the closest to the ancestral (original) Q (P36, M-242). Thus far, all records that have been assigned by SNP testing into Haplogroup Q1b, no matter on genetic distance, also have a null value for DYS 425. According to Behar et al. 5% of Ashkenazi males belong to haplogroup Q. This has subsequently been found to be entirely the Q-M378 subclade and may be restricted to Q-L245 (Q1b1a). Behar suggests that this haplogroup is the minor Ashkenazi Jews founding lineage. *The Krupa de Tarnawa genetic tree shows over 20 Levite and Aaronite lineages, as well as of Crimean Karaite (Karaim Turks), a group traditionally associated with Khazars. Today many Crimean Karaites deny Israelite origins and consider themselves to be descendants of the Khazars. Some modern Crimean Karaites seek to distance themselves from being identified as Jews, emphasizing what they view as their Turkic heritage and claiming that they are Turkic practitioners of a "Mosaic religion" separate and distinct from Judaism. *Also, on somewhat larger genetic distance it is the genetic tree of 2 Tatar-Volga Bulgar Princely Q1b/M378 lineages from Tatarstan (Volga Bulgaria)-Russia, descending from Mansyr Beg (c.1500) and Divey Butakov (1588) retrospectively, both being recognized as the Tatar Princes by the Tzar of Russia. Due to the reason that there is no single example of haplogroup Q discovered among Tatars anywhere (in both formal papers and private researches), it is assumed that they are most likely descendants of the DULO Clan; The Dulo Clan or the House of Dulo was the name of the ruling dynasty of the early Bulgars.This was the clan of Kubrat who founded Old Great Bulgaria,and his sons Batbayan, Kuber and Asparuh, the latter of which founded Danube Bulgaria.A later

genealogy claims that the Dulo clan is descended from Attila the Hun. As Kubrat is mentioned in the Orkhon inscriptions and if John of Nikiu's "Quetrades" is indeed Kubrat, it is also likely that they were somewhat related to the Ashina clan adopting its Tamga, though it seems that Dulo not only broke off from the royal Ashina clan, but became totally opposed to it, manifesting it not only in opposition to the Khazar Kaganate headed by an Ashina kagan, but also demonstratively not using the name. (taken from Wikipedia) *Finally, it is genetic tree of Askar Abdullin from Kazakhstan. He is a descendant of Zhusup-Khoja (known Islamic preacher). Zhusup-Khoja was of local origin, but for his services he is numbered with the old Khoja. In Kazakhstan the highest nobility of Kazakh people traditionally consists of tore (direct descendants of Genghis Khan) and khoja. Both Q1b royal lines; Tatar and Kazakh, directly predate branching and formation of Q1b subsubmutation L245 represented among Khazar royals. *It is clear, from all genetic evidences, that this genetic tree descend from a single person or one single endogamic family , and start to rapidly expand in number some 800 years ago or less (after the "Black Death; "The Black Death is estimated to have killed 30% – 60% of Europe's population, reducing the world's population from an estimated 450 million to between 350 and 375 million in 1400.). *The Krupa de Tarnawa genetic tree, turn to be, also the one of late Stanley Goldfoot (Eliezer Ben Yisrael), the Head of Intelligence for The Stern Group and founder of "The Times of Israel".

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