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"Talmudic sources may possibly be interpreted to support the notion of differences in the social, religious, and legal barriers that relate to the assumption of Cohen and Levite status. These include descriptions of the possible assumption of Levite status other than through patrilineal descent, in a Talmudic passage describing a debate regarding the potential assignment of Levite status to a man (and his descendants) whose father was a non-Jew and whose mother was the daughter of a Levite. Such differences could have provided the backdrop for the sanctioned acceptance of Levite status other than through patrilineal descent." (Multiple Origins of Ashkenazi Levites: Y Chromosome Evidence for Both Near Eastern and European Ancestries- Doron M. Behar, Mark G. Thomas, Karl Skorecki,1 Michael F. Hammer, Ekaterina Bulygina, Dror Rosengarten, Abigail L. Jones, Karen Held, Vivian Moses, David Goldstein, Neil Bradman, and Michael E. Weale Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine and Research Institute, Technion and Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel; The Centre for Genetic Anthropology and The Centre for Population Genetics and Human Health, Department of Biology, University College London, London; and Division of Biotechnology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ) DNA Y chromosome tests , performed by FTDNA-University of Arizona , showed direct patrilineal connection with number of families with Levit tradition. That means that we share common male Levit ancestor. Our calculation is that we have branched from one person before 500/700-1000 years ago, most probably on territory of The Kingdom of Poland. Those Levit families are (most of them showed in 37 and some in 67 marker DNA matches lists for Alfred Krupa); 1. Levy (37 Marker /Genetic Distance – 3) 2. Goldsmith-Levy 3. Zwick (37 Marker /Genetic Distance – 3) 4. Brandt 5. Loebman 6. Friedman (37 Marker /Genetic Distance – 4) 7. Kushner 8. Marks (67 Marker/ Genetic Distance – 4) 9. Sherman (37 Marker /Genetic Distance – 3) 10. Howard (Horwitz) (37 Marker /Genetic Distance – 4)
11. Frank 12. Sooper 13. Liebman The Cohanim families are; 1. Blueglass 2. Bluglass 3. Black 4. Porter (67 Marker/ Genetic Distance – 5) Most likely there is much more , but so far we didnt find out did they claim Levit origin,- or perhaps some of them lost oral tradition (knowledge) due to the thousand of years of hardships and relocations. Dr. Bennet Greenspan confirmed that our DNA matches one Levit from Israel.(but it not matches number of other families , as there is Levit tradition distribution in several haplogroups-multiple origin of Ashkenazi Levits)