# EXPLANATIONS FOR GMAT Q UIZ II

1. This question is a good candidate for a ratio box (convert the fractions talked about in the question to ratios). There will actually be two boxes--the first for the initial amounts of berries and the second for the final amo unts. The boxes look as follows: Initial Blueberries Raspberrie s Total Final Blueberries Raspberries Total Ratio 2 1 3 Ratio 2 5 7 Multiplier Actual Multiplier Actual

Then to fill in the actual columns, plug in your answer choices. If you are paying attention, there is an easy way to ballpark the answer choice—the answers are the initial total amount, so the final total is the answer choice + 12. That amount must be divisible by 7. The only answer choice for which that is true is (A), the correct one. You can test that by plugging it into the boxes. 2. Before you look at the statements, get your base numbers to match: 2x 2x = 3 y . To 8y 2 evaluate statement 1, plug in the right half of the equation from the statement into the 2x 2 3 y +8 expression in the question: 3 y = 3 y = 2 3 y +8 − 3 y = 2 8 . Therefore, statement 1 is 2 2 sufficient to solve. Statement 2 gives you no information about x.

3. The median is the middle number, and since all but one bill are the same amount, the median is the same as the bill amount of the majority bills. So there are 5 months of bills at \$32 and one month at 4 x \$32. The average can be found this way: 32 + 32 + 32 + 32 + 32 + 4(32) 9(32 ) = = 48 . The correct answer is (B). 6 6 4. The issue with statement 1 is that you don't know whether m = 2 or -2. But don't stop here. If you plug both values into the expression in the question, you will see that both result in the same value. Statement 2 tells you that m = -2 and is therefore sufficient. The correct answer is (D). 5. This one requires some canny thinking. P is the same as the factorial function. Factorials add a factor of ten, in other words, a zero, every fifth integer. You get 6

17. To answer this question, first find the difference between the points we know: on scale R the difference is 6 and on scale S the difference is 24. The differences will remain proportional, so since the difference between 48 and 60 is 12, half of 24, the difference between the corresponding point on scale R and point 18 is half of 6--3. Add 3 to 18, and you get a corresponding reading of 21 or answer choice (A). 18. For x to be an integer, both y and z must be proven to be factors of x . Statement yz 1 gives you part of that, but is not on its own sufficient. Statement 2 tells you that z is a factor of y , but not necessarily of x . Together, however, the statements are x sufficient. To see this, statement one can be summarized as follows: 2 + = an y integer. Statement 2 can be rewritten as y = zn where n is an integer greater than or equal to 1. The term zn can substitute for one of the y's in statement 1, and suddenly you have what the question is asking for. Therefore the correct answer is (C).

26. Statement 1 tells you that x is positive, but not what it equals. Statement 2 tells you that x = ±3 . Together you have enough information to solve. Therefore, the correct answer is (C). 27. Plug in. If you chose x = − 1 1 1 3 , then (A) is , (B) is , (C) is 4, (D) is , and (E) is 4 2 8 16

1 . Therefore the correct answer is (D). 4