# data sufficiency tips: if xy< 0 either x <?

0 or y < 0 ===============================

is n an integer? (1) n^2 is an integer. (2) sqrt(n) is an integer. the answer is b, as n can be sqrt of 2. ============================= equation of a straight

y = ax + b a = slope = change in y/ change in x b = y intercept ============================== is x/y an integer 1) 2x/y is an integer 2) y is odd ans is e x = 6, y = 3 2x/y & x/y is an integer but if x = 4.5 & y = 3, 2x/y is an integer but x/y is not =============================== if the integer n is greater than 1,is n equal to 2? 1.n has exactly two positive factors 2.the difference of any two distinct positive factors of n is odd. this question has been discussed before. it seems that many people have difficulty understanding what statement 2 is saying. "the difference of any two distinct positive factors of n is odd."

that means that if you list all the distinct positive factors of n, no matter what two factors you choose, the difference will be odd. in other words, there is no pair of distinct positive factors whose difference is even. take 6, for example. the distinct positive factors are 1, 2, 3, and 6. there are some pairs of factors whose difference is even: 1 and 3, 2 and 6. thus 6 does not fit statement 2. in fact no integer greater than 2 fits statement 2. for any odd integer, there is at least one pair of distinct positive factors (1 and the integer itself) whose difference is even. and for any even integer greater than 2, there is at least on pair of distinct positive factors (2 and the integer itself) whose difference is even. with statement 2 alone we know that n = 2. the only positive factors of 2 are 1 and 2, and so the only possible difference is odd. the correct response is b. ======================================== if y>=0 what is the value of x? 1.lx-3l>=y 2.lx-3l<=-y y >= 0 stmt1: |x-3| >= y => x and y are variables and x can take multiple values depending on the value of y.. insufficient stmt2: |x-3| <= -y |x-3| is always +ve and y is >= 0 (given in qn stem) => y has to be 0 to satisfy stm2 => |x-3| = 0 => x = 3 sufficient ans b. ==================================== zero is a multiple of all numbers if x is a prime number what is the value of x? 1) x is less than 15 2) (x-2) is a multiple of 5 statement one give 2,3,5,7,11,13 is insufficient

statement 2 alone is also insufficient combining the 2 we get 2 and 7 , as (2-2) = 0 multiple of 5 and (7-2) = 5 multiple of 5. so the answer is e and not c. ============================ if d is a positive integer and f is the product of the first thirty positive integers, what is the value of d? i) 10^d is a factor of f ii) d > 6 f=1*2*3----*30=30! statement 1: 10^d is a factor of f highest power of 10 dividing 30! is 30/5 = 6 30/25 =1 10^7 will divide 30! so d can be 1,2,3,4,5,6 or 7-------insufficient statement 2: d>6 ------insufficient combibing both the statements d=7--------suffficient (ans)(c) the approach of finding the highest power of x dividing y! is [y/x] + [y/x^2] + [y/x^3] +---so on where [] represents just the integral part of the answer ignoring the fractional part. note: what is the highest power of 6 that divides 20! completely. step 1: find the prime factors of 6 i.e. 6= 2*3 step 2: always consider the largest prime factor as in the above case it is 3.

step 3: 20/3 =6, 20/9= 2 ans is 6^8 divides 20! thanx ====================================== in x-y co-ord plane, lines l & k intersect at pt. (4 , 3). is the product of their slopes negative? (1) product of x-intercepts of lines l & k is positive (2) product of y-intercepts of lines l and k is negative oa is (c). couldn't figure out why? let me try to explain this qn theoretically! let eqn of lines be y1 = mx1 +c1 & and y2 = mx2 + c2 qn: is m1*m2 negative? stmt 1: product of x intercepts is +ve: x intercept of line l : -c1/m1 x intercept of line k : -c2/m2 product of x intercepts = c1*c2/m1*m2 is +ve => c1*c2 & m1*m2 can be +ve or c1*c2 & m1*m2 can be -ve insufficient stmt2: product of y intercepts is -ve: y intercept of line l = c1 y intercept of line k = c2 product of y intercepts = c1*c2 is -ve.. no info on m1*m2 insufficient combining both stmts, since c1*c2 is -ve from stmt 2, m1*m2 has to be -ve so that c1*c2/m1*m2 is +ve (from stmt 1) ans c. ================================ when |y+z| = |y|+|z| both y and z will have same signs as the absolute value of the sum equals sum of individual absolute values.

============================== 1.is the square root of a an integer? (1) the last digit of a is 8. (2) a is divisible by 6. oa. a 2.if x^3 = y, is y a fraction? (1) x^2 is a fraction. (2) x > y. 3.a paint shop sells spray cans at a flat charge of 50 cents per can. if a customer bought 10 cans and the owner decided to give that customer a special discount on the last two cans, what was the price of the two discounted cans? (1) the customer paid four dollars and twenty cents total for the ten cans. (2) the customer bought the ten cans for an average price of 42 cents per can. oa. c 4.if a = 2b, is a4 > b4 ? (1) a2 = 4b2. (2) 2a + b < a/2 + b. oa.b 5.if x3y = 24, what is the value of (x^3y^3 – x^2y^2)? (1) x2y2 = 36. (2) x3y2 = 72. oa. b 6.x equals to y% of what number? (1) x = 3y. (2) 6y+2x = 56x/14. oa.d 7.m is a positive integer, is m odd? (1) 2m3 + 2m is divisible by 8. (2) m + 10 is divisible by 10. oa. b 8.if 2 different representatives are to be selected at random from a group of 10 employees and if p is the probability that both representatives selected will be women, is p > ? (1) more than of the 10 employees are women. (2) the probability that both representatives selected will be men is less than .

oa e 9.mary persuaded n friends to donate \$500 each to her election campaign, and then each of these n friends persuaded n more people to donate \$500 each to mary’s campaign. if no one donated more than once and if there were no other donations, what was the value of n? (1) the first n people donated of the total amount donated. (2) the total amount donated was \$120,000. oa. d 10.if x and y are positive, is x3 > y? (1) root(x) > y (2) x > y oa: e 11.tom, jane, and sue each purchased a new house. the average (arithmetic mean) price of the three houses was \$120,000. what was the median price of the three houses? (1) the price of tom’s house was \$110,000. (2) the price of jane’s house was \$120,000. oa: b 12.if the units digit of the three-digit positive integer k is nonzero, what is the tens digit of k? (1) the tens digit of k + 9 is 3. (2) the tens digit of k + 4 is 2. oa: a 13.if m, p, and t are positive integers and m < p < t, is the product mpt an even integer? (1) t – p = p - m (2) t – m = 16 oa: e 14. if k, m, and p are integers, is k – m – p odd? (1) k and m are even and p is odd. (2) k, m, and p are consecutive integers oa: a 15. if n and k are positive integers, is n divisible by 6? (1) n = k(k + 1)(k - 1) (2) k – 1 is a multiple of 3. oa: a ====================================

k(k-1)(k+1) is always divisible by 6.
three consecutive numbers are always divisible by 6.

=================================== if m>0 and n>0, (m+x)/(n+x) > m/n? 1) m<n 2) x>0

is (m+x)/(n+x) > m/n (m+x)/(n+x) -m/n > 0 = mn+nx-mn-mx/n(n+x) >0 =x(n-m)/n(n+x) > 0 -----------to prove statement 1: m<n means n-m>0 but don't know anything about x so insufficient statement 2: x>0 means n(n+x)>0 but don't know the relation b/w n & m so insufficient combining both x(n-m)/n(n+x) > 0 as x>0 & n-m >0 & n>0 & m>0 ---------sufficient ans(c) ===================================== 1 is not a prime number. ==================================== if x, y, and z are positive integers such that x < y < z, is x a factor of the odd integer z? (1) x and y are prime numbers, whose sum is a factor of 57 (2) z is a factor of 57 if x<y<z , is x a factor of odd integer z statement 1: x& y are prime & (x+y)*k=57

so factors of 57 are 1,3,19,57 x=2, y=17 2<17<z as z is an odd integer so x i.e. 2 can never be a factor. --sufficient statement 2: z is a factor of 57 z could be 1,3,19 or 57 insufficient ans(a) =============================================

if x is an integer, what is the value of x? (1) –2(x + 5) < -1 (2) – 3x > 9 answer is not e , its c from 1 --> -2x < 9 from 2 --> -3x > 9 since x is an integer only value possible is -4.
=========================================== if average of the consecutive numbers is odd, that means no of terms in the series is odd. because average of even consecutive terms is not an integer. refer to kaplan pg. 356. =========================================== 0 is an even number and it is neither +ve or -ve ============================================ when x > 0 |x| = x, when x < 0 |x| = -x ==============================================
n

x    y 25. if x, y, and n are positive integers, is   greater than 1,000 ? 3 (1) x = y and n > y.

(2) x > 5y and n > x.
the answer is b. lets say x = n = 5y so from b we have 5^5y which is definitely greater than 3125, since x , n > 5y , (x/y)^n will

definitely greater than 1000.