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Michael Hosticka AH 365-01 October 31, 2011 Youtube Info

Technology-based Future Cities Futuris More than half of the population of most of the world lives in cities, and in Europe that number is higher, and growing. This leads to energy consumption, and more importantly energy efficiency, being one of the biggest challenges for the future. The video shows the artificial sky room, which holds a simulated sun that simulates the way sunlight falls upon an entire city in order to plan lighting and heating for a building more efficiently. The video also covers self-driven cars as a way to make cities and travel more efficient, which I found fascinating. The video talks about solar power as an easilytapped form of efficient energy, and shows a building which doubles the use of solar panels as sunshades to reduce the need for heating. Very clever!

Smart Buildings The Future of Building Technology Security, flexibility and dynamics, maximum efficiency, comfort and health are the new priorities for future buildings. Power-grids and intelligent networking allow much greater energy efficiency. Smart computers and escape lighting, along with voice prompts can help with safety hazards like fires and allow for efficient and organized escape. This video is a bit cheesy with common future stereotypes but does trigger the imagination.

TED Talk Wireless Power Will Lead the Future People in underdeveloped countries often have to travel to another building to use an outlet to charge mobile devices because they have no outlets installed in their houses. Solar energy is the world's only truly portable source of energy. Additionally, the areas with the least amount of access to electricity are the areas with the most direct sunlight each year. Between solar power, more energy-efficient technology, and wireless power the need for outlets in buildings may be completely eliminated, which has a large impact on building plans, wiring, etc.

What Is The Smart Grid? Our current power grid is extremely outdated and inefficient. As technologies such as wireless communication become better, sensors will be able to tell power plants exactly how much energy needs to be produced, along with allowing integration of alternative energy sources and helping to divert and quickly fix blackouts.

How Arches Work I didn't know that one of the main benefits of arches is that they allow for less pillars, or wider gaps between them, than an identical post and lintel structure. Arches are constructed from wedges with the keystone added last. Until the keystone is added, other temporary supports are used to keep the other wedges in place. The keystone pushes sideways in both directions, distributing the weight outward and downard into the supports. I liked how the video looked at examples of buildings and analyzed whether the arches were functional or decorative; one clue was to see whether a similar width gap was attained with a post and lintel structure somewhere else on the same building.

Architect-based Calatrava: Finding Architecture's Soul Calatrava takes his inspiration from architecture, and considers himself first and foremost an artist and sculpter. He emphasizes the three vitruvian principles, utility, beauty, and solidity. He says that there is something divine in everyone, and that at its core architecture is more than just buildings. Architecture is a reflection of a culture and time period, but it should be foreward-looking because buildings outlive their architects. He defends criticism about the high-end costs of his work by saying that his work is useful to people, whereas many more costly things are not

Influential Architects Pt. 8 Antoni Gaudi Gaudi's work has lots of life and movement to it, unlike the architecture of his time which was static and full of straight lines. Gaudi's architecture is rarely symmetrical, and he based his work on natural formations as opposed to other architects' work. He used steel to reinforce his buildings, allowing him to be more bold with his designs than his contemporaries.

Architecture & Design Pt. 10 Jean Nouvel This video simply describes Nouvel's work as industrial, demonstrative, dark, primal and unreserved. There is great variety in his buildings, but they all converge around the theme of technical precision. It covers the Arab World Museum in Paris, France, and shows its mechanical, stainless steel, Arabicinspired shutters. These innovative shutters include photovoltaic cells that instruct the shutters to close based on the amount of light hitting the building.

Frank Lloyd Wright Frank Lloyd Wright designed over 1100 projects, which surprised me since only several usually come up when discussing his name. He built his first home when he was 22, and it is located a half hour from where I live so I am interested in visiting it at some point. The video says that the Chicago fire created many jobs for architects, causing them to move near the area, which makes perfect sense but was something I hadn't thought about previously. He wanted complete control over the design of everything, sometimes even including the homeowner's wife's dress. His work is heavily inspired by nature.

Short Documentary Film on Frank Gehry Everything has been done before in some way or another. The only thing that changes is technology. Sydney Pollack, when referring to Gehry's Guggenheim Museum describes the building as not a real building, but a dream of a building. Gehry tells his students to each draw their unique signature, and tells them that the way they write it will come forward in their work. Only the artist is the expert of his own work, and over time can hone their eye to recognize their trademarks. Gehry always works from the inside out, instead of starting with a shape and jamming stuff in. He says he wouldn't have clients if he worked the latter way.

Structure-based Burj Dubai UAE The Tallest Building in the World After the 70th floor, wind speeds must constantly be monitored for worker safety. At the time of the

video, the building only deviated from plumb, or perfect verticality, by 70 millemeters. One of the biggest stumbling blocks with the building was warped glass, and finally getting the glass planels approved.

Walks With an Architect - Barcelona After watching this video, I am extremely motivated to visit Barcelona. I didn't know much about the city previously, and learned that it is very important in the art nouvaeu movement. During its early days, there was literally a spirit of competition between neighboring houses over which could be more beautiful, leading to a one-of-a-kind end product. Gaudi's works are all over the city, including the Sagrada Familia and Casa Batllo.

The Truth About Being an Architect An education in architecture typically prepares one for design work, but actually being an architect may involve very little design work. It usually requires technical drawing, research, coordination and organization, and people skills.

Adrian Smith Talks About Kingdom Tower Adrian Smith is now designing Kingdom Tower, planned to be the tallest building in the world at its completion. It will be 3,280 feet, or twice as tall as the Willis Tower when finished. It is part of Kingdom City, a 20 billion dollar project. The building project started with a competition between 8 architects to compete for the commission. He goes into detail about designing a tall building while considering wind and small tornadoes that form when wind scrapes the surface of a building. The

building is complete with a helipad which was requested by the prince who commissioned the project. The biggest challenge to building tall buildings, according to Smith, is designing the interrelationship of all of the structural elements, and then getting enough workable space to fit around it. The highest current elevators can go due to the cable is 550 meters, which isn't tall enough to scale the entire building, meaning you have to take at least two elevators to reach the top. When asked about why height matters in a building, he replied that if this tower was planned to only be the 2nd tallest in the world, the interview would not be happening.

National Geographic Millau Bridge 2 The team had to build so much concrete to construct this bridge that they simply built a concrete factory on-site. The tapering as it gets higher, although simple to draw, made construction a major challenge. The video says that if one of the building's piers was a width of a hand off center, the bridge would not fit together. They had to use GPS from satellites in order to get precise enough. The roadway is 2.5 kilometers long and weighs 36,000 tons. As with the Calatrava bridge video we watched in class, getting the materials on site was a large challenge that involved careful planning of routes.