# yang (ncy79) – Homework1 – shih – (56310) This print-out should have 20 questions.

Multiple-choice questions may continue on the next column or page – ﬁnd all choices before answering. 001 10.0 points A charge Q is spread uniformly along the circumference of a circle of radius R. A point charge q is placed at the center of this circle. What is the total force exerted on q as calculated by Coulomb’s law? 1. Use 2 R for the distance. 2. The result of the calculation is zero. 3. None of these 4. Use R for the distance. 5. Use 2 π R for the distance. 002 10.0 points Consider a square with side a. Four charges −q, +q, +q, and −q are placed at the corners A, B, C, and D, respectively A B − + O − + a 1 kq 6. EO = √ 2 a2 √ kq 7. EO = 4 2 2 a 1 kq 8. EO = √ 4 2 a2 1 kq 9. EO = √ 2 2 a2 √ kq 10. EO = 2 2 a

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003 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points Two positive charges of 5.76 µC each are 402 cm apart. Find the electric ﬁeld midway between them. 1. E = 14901.7 N/C 2. E = 50415.4 N/C 3. E = 7246.08 N/C 4. E = 15138.2 N/C 5. E = 4238.5 N/C 6. E = 11942.8 N/C 7. E = 25627.2 N/C 8. E = 0 N/C 9. E = 4484.37 N/C 10. E = 4625.92 N/C 004 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points Let : q1 = q2 = 5.76 µC = 5.76 × 10−6 C , x = 201 cm = 2.01 m , and k = 8.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 . What is the magnitude of the electric ﬁeld if one charge is positive and the other negative, both of magnitude 5.76 µC? 1. E = 15769.3 N/C 2. E = 14613.1 N/C

D C What is the magnitude of the electric ﬁeld at the center O? 1. EO = 3 2. EO 3. EO 4. EO 5. EO √ kq 2 2 a 1 kq = √ 3 2 a2 kq =3 2 a √ kq =2 2 2 a kq = 2 a

E = 46262 N/C 9. E = 25627. How does the net charge of the electrons compare with the net charge of the ions? 1. outside ǫ0 σ 5. There is a rearrangement of the electrons in the ball. 5. Zero between the plates. Answer in units of C 007 10. The net charge of the negative electrons is less than the net charge of the ions. outside ǫ0 σ between the plates. The ball becomes positively charged by induction. The ball becomes negatively charged by induction.2 N/C 6.0 points In a crystal of salt there are electrons and positive ions. Sometimes the net charge of the negative electrons is greater than the net charge of the ions and sometimes it is less. which is the charge per unit area. 4. insulating plates are charged uniformly with the same positive 2 areal charge density +σ. The net charge of the negative electrons is greater than the net charge of the ions. 5. E = 2918.0 points Two large. 2. E = 7025.36 N/C 4. Why is this? 1. 2 ǫ0 2 ǫ0 σ 7. 006 10. 2.0 points A neutral ball is suspended by a string. zero outside ǫ0 2σ 4.yang (ncy79) – Homework1 – shih – (56310) 3. Calculate the charge of each. 4 π ke σ outside 1.0 points Two identical positive charges exert a repulsive force of 6.85 N/C 8. E = 59331. Unable to determine 3. Zero between the plates. E = 9176. between the plates.3 × 10−9 N when separated by a distance 3.6 × 10−10 m.9 N/C 005 10. 2 ǫ0 2. What is the magnitude of the resultant electric ﬁeld E (where “outside” stands for above and below the two plates)? The permittivity 1 of free space ǫ0 = . The net charge of the negative electrons has the same magnitude as the net charge of the ions. The number of electrons in the ball is greater than in the rod. . zero outside ǫ0 3. 008 10. zero outside 8. 2 ǫ0 2σ 2σ 9. A positively charged insulating rod is placed near the ball. outside ǫ0 ǫ0 2σ 10. 4.08 N/C 7.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 . Zero between the plates.4 N/C 5. 3. The string is not a perfect conductor. which is observed to be attracted to the rod. parallel. The Coulomb constant is 8. outside 6. between the plates. E = 0 N/C 10. E = 4556. Zero everywhere σ between the plates. everywhere ǫ0 σ σ between the plates.

None of these 5. None of these 3. 5. None of these. F ′ = 81 F 16 . F ′ = 0 2. F ′ = 4 F 013 (part 4 of 5) 10. F ′ = 0 1 3. F ′ = F 4 1 4. F ′ = 3. Answer in units of N −10 −8 −6 −4 −2 010 (part 1 of 5) 10. F ′ = F 3 4. F ′ = 4 F 009 10. F ′ = 0 4. and a second particle with charge 7 µC is placed on the x-axis at −6 cm .0 points What new force F ′ would exist if d is quadrupled? 1. F ′ = F 3 1. F ′ = 2 F 2. 4. F ′ = 3 F 014 (part 5 of 5) 10. F ′ = 4 F 9 2 4 6 8 10 x → (cm) What is the magnitude of the total electrostatic force on a third particle with charge 4 µC placed on the x-axis at 2 cm ? The Coulomb constant is 8.0 points What new force F ′ would exist if q1 is quadrupled and d is tripled? 1. F ′ = F 16 5. F ′ = 1 F 4 1 4.0 points Two charges q1 and q2 are separated by a distance d and exert a force F on each other. What new force F ′ would exist if q1 is tripled? 1. F ′ = 9 F 6.yang (ncy79) – Homework1 – shih – (56310) 5. F ′ = 3 F 011 (part 2 of 5) 10. F ′ = 0 3. F = 9 F 6. 3 012 (part 3 of 5) 10. None of these. F ′ = 1 F 9 1 3. None of these. F ′ = 0 2.9875 × 109 N · m2 /C2 .0 points What new force F ′ would exist if q1 and q2 are cut in half? 1. F ′ = 16 F 6. F ′ = F 2 ′ 2.0 points A particle with charge −5 µC is located on the x-axis at the point 4 cm .0 points What new force F ′ would exist if d is cut in thirds? 1 F 9 1 2. −5 µC 7 µC 4 µC 6.

. Metals have free electrons in their outer shell. Is your hair then positively or negatively charged? What about the comb? 1. positive charge Q. Finally the third ball is removed. 2. 6. Metals have more protons. Metals have strong bonding with other atoms. conducting wire − X Z When all this is ﬁnished 1. 8.0 points Based on electric charges and separations. negatively charged 4. 016 10.0 points When combing your hair. carrying a negative charge. which depend only on the relative charges and distances. ball Z is negative and ball X is positive. 9. ball Z is positive and ball X is neutral. F ′ = 16 F 81 9 6. A +1 sodium atom separated by 2. 019 10. is brought near the ball X as shown in the ﬁgure. Both are negatively charged. positively charged. 3. balls Z and X are both positive. negatively charged. stand on insulating glass rods. balls Z and X are both negative. 015 10. 4.0 points The diagram above shows an isolated. F ′ = F 4 81 F 7.) 1. F ′ = F 81 4 5.0 points Two uncharged metal balls. ball Z is neutral and ball X is positive. which of the following atomic bonds is strongest? (You are interested only in the relative strengths. ball Z is negative and ball X is neutral. balls Z and X are still uncharged. 3. 10.0 distance units from a −1 chlorine atom in table salt 2. 3. A +4 sodium atom separated by 1. A +1 hydrogen atom separated by 1. Z and X.5 distance units from a −2 oxygen atom in table salt 018 10. but ball Z carries more charge than ball X. Both are positively charged. balls Z and X are both positive.0 distance units from a −2 oxygen atom in table salt 3. F ′ = 9 9 8. ball Z is neutral and ball X is negative. A third ball. positively charged 5. 017 10. you scuﬀ electrons from your hair onto the comb. but ball X carries more charge than ball Z. 7. A conducting wire is then run between Z and X and then removed.yang (ncy79) – Homework1 – shih – (56310) 5.0 points Why are metals generally good conductors of electricity? 1. 2. ball Z is positive and ball X is negative. Neither is charged. Point B is twice as far away from Q as point A. 2.

2 to 1 3.0 points Electrons that move from one object to another and then remain at rest produce 1. 8 to 1 4. 4.yang (ncy79) – Homework1 – shih – (56310) 5 A +Q B What is the ratio of the electric ﬁeld strength at point A to the electric ﬁeld strength at point B? 1. 1 to 1 020 10. 4 to 1 2. static electricity. current electricity. . parallel electricity. 2. 3. 1 to 2 5. series electricity.