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Pharmacology------the study of drugs and their interactions with the human body to prouce therapeutic effects Drug------a substance

intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatme ntor preventon of disease in human beings or animals 4 kinds of drugs------Non-presciption (OTC) Prescription/legend Controlled drugs Dietary Supplements (not regulated by FDA) Solid Dosage Forms------Tablets, buccal tablets, sublingual tablets, chewable tabl ets, effervescent tablets, eteric cated tablets, film-coated tablets, capsules, pills, controlled relase products, Pastilles, Lozenges,Troches, Powders, Supposi tories, vainal tablets Liquids------Solutions, syrup, tinctues, suspesions, reconstituted liquis,emulsion s, elixirs, fluid extracts & tinctures, Spirits & essences, foams, shampoos, col loids,mouthwash/rinse, parenteral, inhalation Semi-solids (all topical)------ointmets, creams, lotions, gels and jellies, pastes , liniments Other dosage forms------tape, transderml patches, aerosols, implants, chewing gum Administration Devices------Metered dose inhaler (MDI), nebulizer, spacers, Nasal sprays, Eye/ear drops, plunger applicators, roll-on applicators, syringes, infus ion pumps tablets------most common solid dosage available buccal tablets------dissolve between the cheek and gums bypasses digestive tract, prolonged release Sublingual Tablets (SL)------dissolves immediatel under the tongue bypasses the digestive tract sublingual Nitroglycerin Chewable Tablets------usually for young children/old people, those who have troubl e swallowing Amoxicillin chewables Effervescent Tablets------Uses a chemical reaction to release drug Alka-seltzer Enteric Coated Tablets------coated to delay release enteric coated Aspirin Film-coated Tablets------used to mask taste tylenol caplets Capsules------medication enclosed in a shell of hard/soft geletin hard shell - Keflex (powder), Fastin (granules) soft shell - Vitamin E capsules (liquid) Pills------out of date term for capsule/tablet Pastilles/Lozenges------dissolve in th mouth, like cough drops Troches------hard or gummy Mycelex Troches Powders------internal - mixed with liquid (Questran Powder) external - topically applied (Tinactin Powder) Supposiories------inserted in body cavities Anusol HC suppositor (local effect, room temp) Phenergan (systemic effect, refrigerate) Thorazine (systemic, room temp) Tigan (systemic, room temp) Compazine (systemic, room temp) Syrups------solutions with sugar Zyrtec (antihistamine) Syrup of Ipecac (induces vomiting) Tinctures------syrups that contain alcohol Benzoin Compound Tincture Suspensions------medication is not completely dissolved "shake well" Bactrim Oral Suspension Reconstitued Liquids------requires pharmacists to add distilled water

stored as a powder, needs to be shaken and refrigerated Amoxicillin Oral Suspension Emulsions------oil and water, shake well Calamine lotion Elixirs------clear, sweet, water and alcohol Navahistine DH Fluid Extracts and Tinctures------Plant extracts in water and/or alcohole Tincture of Benzoin Compound Spirtits and Essences------evaporate quickly Colloids------liquid preparation that dries into film on skin Duofilm Parenteral------injection/infusion Transdermal patches------Transderm-Nitro, Duragesic (Fentanyl) Aerosols------Albuterol MDI/ Inhalation solution Metered dose inhaler------atrovent inhalation aerosol, albuterol MDI Nebulizers------use a mask/mouthpiece Plunger applicators------Gyne-lotrim usually for insertion into the vaginal cavity syringes------size depends on volume, marking increments, and size of needle infusion pumps------delivers medications at specific rate