You are on page 1of 4

Jurongville Secondary School

Secondary 3 Express Biology Tutorial Worksheet


Syllabus 5100

Name: _________________________ ( ) Marks: _______ / 36

Class: Sec 3___ Date: ____________

Chapter 7: Plant Nutrition

1. Preliminary Concepts I [5 marks]


The terms in the box are factors that affect the nutrition of green plants. Match (a) to
(e) with one of these factors.
T: Nitrates U: Water V: Chlorophyll W: Carbon Dioxide
X: Magnesium ions Y: Sunlight Z: Temperature

a. Which factor supplies energy for photosynthesis? ______

b. Which “food” enters by osmosis? ______

c. Which factor affects the activity of the enzymes in the chloroplasts? ______

d. Which “food” enters the plant by diffusion only? ______

e. Because of the presence of this factor, plants are the main food producers. _____

2. Preliminary Concepts II [9 marks]


The terms in the box are parts of a leaf. Match (a) to (i) with one of these parts.

S: Palisade Cells T: Guard cells U: Epidermal cells V: Cuticle


W: Stomata X: Xylem vessels Y: Spongy mesophyll layer Z: Phloem

a. This tissue transports water to the palisade cells. ______


b. These allow gaseous exchange between leaf and atmosphere. ______
c. The cells in this part are arranged to provide a system of connecting air spaces
within the leaf. ______
d. This tissue conducts the products of photosynthesis from leaf to the rest of the
plant. ______
e. This part provides most of the support in leaves. ______
f. These control the rate of diffusion of gases through the stomata. ______
g. This part prevents excessive evaporation of water from the leaf. ______
h. These parts are the main site of photosynthesis in the leaf. ______
i. Chloroplasts are not present in this layer of cells. ______

1
3. Structured Question 1 [8 marks]
Leaf discs cut out from a destarched plant were divided into four groups and labeled
A, B, C and D. Groups A and B were floated on distilled water, while C and D were
floated on 5% glucose solution. Group A was exposed to light, while the others were
kept in the dark. Groups A, B and C had air but group D was kept in a vacuum (no
air). After 2 days, all the leaf discs were treated with iodine solution. The table below
summarizes the treatment given and the results of the iodine test.

Leaf discs A B C D
Floated on Distilled water Distilled water 5% glucose 5% glucose
Conditions Light; air Dark; air Dark; air Dark; vacuum
provided
Iodine test Blue-black Pale brown Blue-black Pale brown

a. Explain the results obtained. [5]


_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
b. What inference can be made from the above experiment? [3]
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________

4. Structured Question 2 [14 marks]


Diagram P shows an experiment to find the effect of temperature on the rate of
photosynthesis. The average number of bubbles per minute at each temperature is
given in the table.

2
a. Plot a graph to show the relation between the rate of photosynthesis and
temperature. [3]

b. Describe and explain the change in rate of photosynthesis as the temperature is


changed

i. From 17°C to 30°C [3]


___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
ii. From 33°C to 42°C [2]
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
3
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
c. Name the solution X that is usually used in this experiment to ensure that the
water plant has a sufficient supply of carbon dioxide. [1]
_________________________________________________________________
d. Name a water plant that can be used for this experiment. [1]
_________________________________________________________________
e. Why should the funnel be raised by wooden supports? [1]
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
f.
i. Name the gas collected. [1]
___________________________________________________________
ii. What test would you do to identify the gas? [1]
___________________________________________________________
iii. What is the importance of this gas to other organisms in the ecosystem?
[1]
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________