Jurongville Secondary School

Secondary 3 Express Biology Worksheet
Chapter 9: Transport in Plants

Name: _________________________(
Class: 3____
9.1

)

Date:__/___/___

Complete the following passage by filling in the blanks

9.2

The vascular tissues of flowering plants are ____________ and
_________ which ___________ materials. _____________
transports water and __________ ___________ from the root to
the other parts of the plant. The ___________ walls of the
__________ __________ provide support for the plant. _________
transports organic __________ materials such as _________ and
amino acids from the __________ to other parts of the plant.

The terms U to Z in the box are processes involved in the transport
of materials in plants. Use them to answer questions (a) to (d)

U: Transpirational pull
X: Diffusion

9.3

V: Capillary action
Y: Active transport

W: Osmosis
Z: Root pressure

(a)

What forces are involved in the conduction of water and ions up
the xylem vessels?

(b)

Name the possible processes by which ions enter root hairs.

(c)

How does water vapour pass out of the leaves into the surrounding
air?

(d)

How does water enter root hairs?

Match the following terms with its associated description

Loss of water mainly from
stomata of leaves

Transpiration pull

Continuous flow of water up the
plant

Transpiration

Main force in pulling water and
mineral salts up the plant

Companion cells

Assists sieve tubes in transport
of manufactured food

Transpiration stream

9.4

Indicate whether the rate of transpiration increases or decreases in
(a) to (d)

(a)

When the temperature drops

_________________

(b)

After a heavy shower

_________________

(c)

When it becomes sunny

_________________

(d)

When a strong breeze blows

_________________

9.5

Answer the following structured questions (a) to (d)
(a)

Describe the difference between xylem vessels and sieve tubes in
the substances that they transport.
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________

(b)

Describe the difference between xylem vessels and sieve tubes in
the direction these substances are carried.
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________

(c)

Root hairs take in soil water by osmosis. What would happen if too
much nitrogen-containing fertilizers were added to the soil?
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________

(c)

A leafy shoot, plus a beaker of water in which it is placed, weighs
300 grams. Five hours later, it weighs 250 grams. A control
experiment, with just an identical beaker of water without the
shoot, loses only 10 grams of water over the same period. What is
the rate of transpiration of the shoot?
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________

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