I/ Design Beam GB9A effective span= m

1 - Loading Slab Panel x m and mTHK (Slab on one side of the beam)
Dead Load
Slab kN/m³ x m³ / = kN/m
Beam kN/m³ x m³ / = kN/m
Other kN/m² x m = kN/m
Wall 10cm kN/m² x m = kN/m
Wall 20cm kN/m² x m = kN/m
Floor Finished kN/m² x m = kN/m
Total Dead Load kN/m (Trapezoidal Dead load per m lenght
Live Load or Imposed load on one side of the beam)
Floor LL kN/m² x m³ / = kN/m
Total live Load kN/m (Trapezoidal Live load per m lenght
Design Load on one side of the beam)
Design Load ( x )+( x ) = kN/m (Trapezoidal load= kN/m)
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load
Uniformly distributed Load ( x ) = kN/m
Load on the other side of the bem ( - ( x / )= kN/m (Reduce 30% for the load on
the other side)
Total Load on both side of the bem + = kN/m
2 - Bending Moment
Max moment at support M
sup
= = kN/m
Max moment at mid spanM
mid
= = kN/m
BS8110 REF. OUTPUT CALCULATION
- ql²/12 -255.89
7.7 3.4
1
0.12
24
7.7
6.48
ql²/24 127.94
25 1.05
2.25
4
2.08 7.7
7.7 2.25
2.25
1.2
0
2.25
0
2.7
0
2.25 m 9
18.2
1.5 2.25 3.38
30 100
9
1.6 #### 1.4 9.00 41.7
30.5 #### 51.8
41.7
21.3
41.73 0.73 30.5
30.5 ####
2 xe xe xe l n M × × = | = xe | = xe M 2 x xm xm l n M × × = | kNm = xm M 2 x ye ye l n M × × = | = xm | = ye | = ye M kNm 2 x ym ym l n M × × = | = ym | = ym M kNm = × × = z f M A y xe req s 87 . 0 , = cu f 2 mm N = bar rolling y f , 2 mm N = y f 2 mm N m mm / 2 = pro s A , 2 mm = × × = z f M A y xm req s 87 . 0 , m mm / 2 m mm / 2 m mm / 2 = × × = z f M A y ye req s 87 . 0 , = × × = z f M A y ym req s 87 . 0 , 2 mm N 2 mm N = × × = x xe force l n V | m kN/ = = bd V V force stress / 2 mm N = |.| \| ||.| \| = 4 1 3 1 , 400 100 25 . 1 75 . 0 d bd A V pro s capacity 2 mm N m kN/ = = bd V V force stress / 2 mm N = |.| \| ||.| \| = 4 1 3 1 , 400 100 25 . 1 75 . 0 d bd A V pro s capacity 2 mm N = × × = x ye force l n V | = pro s A , 2 mm = pro s A , 2 mm = pro s A , 2 mm 2 xe xe xe l n M × × = | = xe | = xe MkNm2 x xm xm l n M × × = | kNm= xm M 2 x ye ye l n M × × = | = xm | = ye | = ye MkNm2 x ym ym l n M × × = | = ym | = ym MkNm= × × = z f M A y xe req s 87 . 0 , = cu f 2 mm N = bar rolling y f , 2 mm N = y f 2 mm N m mm / 2 = pro s A , 2 mm = × × = z f M A y xm req s 87 . 0 , m mm / 2 m mm / 2 m mm / 2 = × × = z f M A y ye req s 87 . 0 , = × × = z f M A y ym req s 87 . 0 , 2 mm N 2 mm N = × × = x xe force l n V | m kN/ = = bd V V force stress / 2 mm N = |.| \| ||.| \| = 4 1 3 1 , 400 100 25 . 1 75 . 0 d bd A V pro s capacity 2 mm N m kN/ = = bd V V force stress / 2 mm N = |.| \| ||.| \| = 4 1 3 1 , 400 100 25 . 1 75 . 0 d bd A V pro s capacity 2 mm N = × × = x ye force l n V | = pro s A , 2 mm= pro s A , 2 mm= pro s A , 2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm kNm
1
3 - Beam Section
b= (0.4 to 0.5)h= (0.4 to 0.5) . » b= mm » b= mm
Cover: C= mm ;Assume Steel Bar Ø D
R
= mm ; D
T
= mm
d= h - C - D
R
/2 - D
T
/2 = = mm » d'= mm
ii - Define Steel Area
Assume fcu= N/mm² ; fy v= N/mm² fy = N/mm²
a - Define Steel Area at Support Mmax= kNm
x
x x
z = = = mm
that z mm z = mm
» A
s
= =
A
s
=
mm
2
» T » A
s
=
mm
2
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 »
b - Define Steel Area at Mid span Mmax= kNm
x
x x
z = = = mm
that z mm z = mm
» A
s
= =
A
s
=
mm
2
» T » A
s
=
mm
2
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 »
[(k'. fcu.b.d^2)/(0.87.fy.z)]+As' [(0.13x30x200x362^2) x10^6)/ (0.87x390x297)]+1256
2285.92 Assume 9 20 2826
d.[0.5+(0.25-(k'/0.9))^(1/ 2)] .[0.5+(0.25-(0.132/ 0.9)^(1/ 2))] 297
297 not exceed 0.95d= 344
390
k=
M
=
160
(Doubly Reinforced
Section)
bd
2
fcu 200 131044
0.156
35
297
344 so 344
400 - 25 - 3 - 10
10
6
362
mm 400
(Doubly Reinforced
Section)
20
h= to
10
L
k=
bd
2
fcu
=
»
15
=
7700
10
255.89
h=
400
256
» h= 550 mm
248
0.156
to
200
6
0.95d=
362.[0.5+(0.25-(0.132/ 0.9)^(1/ 2))] d.[0.5+(0.25-(k'/0.9))^(1/ 2)]
L
M
30 250
0.325 >
30 131044 200
not exceed
3087.46 Assume 11 20 3454
[(k'. fcu.b.d^2)/(0.87.fy.z)]+As' [(0.13x30x200x362^2)x10^6) / (0.87x390x343.9)]+2198
30
10
6
OK
so
160
0.203 >
OK
15
25
3.53 0.13
4.32 0.13
7700
2
c - Check Deflection
x
x
5 5
8 8
- fs
(0.9+(M / bd
2
))
= ( table3.9 in Code BS8110 Part 1 1985)
= x =
= lx / dx = / =
» » = > = »
c - Link
Max Shear at Support
= kN
= / bd = / = N/mm²
V
capacity
= (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= x
=
= N/mm² > N/mm² (Case 3 in table3.7 in Code BS8110)
A
sv
≥(b
v
S
v
(v
s
-v
c
))/0.87f
y
Assume 6 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm
Hence R6@80
Shear at L/4 from the support
= kN
= N/mm²
= N/mm² Assume 6 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm 60.3
80
180
V
cap.
1.08
55
Asv= 55
V
l/4
150
V
stress
2.07
Asv=
V
stress
2.32 V
capacity
48.2
+0.4= 1.48
=
bd
2
6.10
M
max
=
160 10
6
200 131044
fs = fy
A
s,req
A
s,pro
= x 390 x
2286
= 197 (Service Stress)
2826
modification factor = 0.55 +
477
= 0.97
120
Bassic span/depth 26
Allowable span/depth 26 0.97 25.3
7700
OK
362 21.3
Allowable span/depth 25.3 Actual span/depth 21.3
1.08
Actual span/depth
V
max
168
V
stress
V
max
200x362 2.32 168x(10^3)
0.63 [((100x2826)/(200x362))^(1/3)]x (400/362)^(1/4)x (30/25)^(1/3)
kNm 3 / 1 4 / 1 3 / 1 25 400 100 25 . 1 79 . 0 |.| \| × |.| \| × |.| \| cu f d bdAs
3
Hence R6@180
4
RE-Design Section of Ground Beam GB9A
I/ Design Beam GB9A effective span= m
1 - Loading Slab Panel x m and x m and mTHK
Dead Load
Slab kN/m³ x x = kN/m kN/m³ x x = kN/m
Beam kN/m³ x x = kN/m
Other kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Wall 10cm kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Wall 20cm kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Floor Finished kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Total Dead Load kN/m kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load
Floor LL kN/m² x m = kN/m kN/m² x m = kN/m
Total live Load kN/m kN/m
Triangle or Trapezoidal Design Load
= kN/m (1.4 x 16.11) + (1.6 x 3.75) = kN/m
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load for bending moment
Uniformly distributed Load x = kN/m x = kN/m
Total uniformly distributed load
+ = kN/m
(1.4 x 17.79) + (1.6 x 3.75) 30.9 28.6
17.8 16.1
3.75 3.75
1.5 2.5 3.75 1.5 2.5
OUTPUT
5
3.75
1.5 3.3 4.95 1.5 3.3
0 2.5
4.95
0 0 0 0 0 0
1.2 3.3 3.96 1.2 3.3 3.96
0 0 2.5 0
24 0.35 0.2 1.68
30.9 0.67 20.6
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
24 0.12 2.5 7.2 24 0.12 2.5 7.2
BS8110 REF.
5 2.5 5 2.5 0.12
CALCULATION
28.6
20.6 18.8 39.43
0.66 18.8
5
2 - Bending Moment
Max moment at support M
sup
= = kN/m
Max moment at mid spanM
mid
= = kN/m
3 - Beam Section
b= (0.4 to 0.5)h= (0.4 to 0.5) . » b= mm » b= mm
Cover: C= mm ;Assume Steel Bar Ø D
R
= mm ; D
T
= mm
d= h - C - D
R
/2 - D
T
/2 = = mm d'= mm
4 - Define Steel Area
Assume fcu= N/mm² ; fy v= N/mm² fy = N/mm²
a - Define Steel Area at Support Mmax= kNm
x
x x
z = = = mm
that z mm z = mm
x = ( - )/ =
» Compression Steel Area
»
» Tension Steel Area
» A
s
= =
A
s
=
mm
2
» T » A
s
=
mm
2
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 »
ql²/24
350
30
-82.14
mm » h=
41.07
5000
- ql²/12
to h=
L
to
L
=
5000
350 mm
10 15 10 15
» h= 357
161 200
25 6 16
350 - 25 - 3 - 8 314 33
250 390
82.14
k=
M
=
82.1 10
6
0.139
bd
2
fcu 200 98596 30
298
< 0.156
(Singly Rienforced
Section)
d.[0.5+(0.25-(k/0.9))^(1/ 2)] 314.[0.5+(0.25-(0.139/ 0.9)^(1/ 2))] 254
not exceed 0.95d= 298 so
M /0.87 fy.z
811.592 Assume 5 16 1005
1.44 0.13 OK
[(82x10^6) / (0.87x390x298.3)]
OUTPUT BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
314 298 0.45 34.9
No Steel Require
6
b - Define Steel Area at Mid span Mmax= kNm
x
x x
z = = = mm
that z mm z = mm
x = ( - )/ =
» Compression Steel Area
»
» Tension Steel Area
» A
s
= =
A
s
=
mm
2
» T A
s
=
mm
2
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 »
c - Check Deflection
x
x
5 5
8 8
- fs
(0.9+(M / bd
2
))
= ( table3.9 in Code BS8110 Part 1 1985)
= x =
= lx / dx = / =
» » = > = »
0.96 0.13 OK
M /0.87 fy.z [(41x10^6) / (0.87x390x298.3)]
405.796 Assume 3 16 603
0 298 0.45 -663
No Steel Require
k=
M
=
41.1 10
6
so
41.07
bd
2
fcu 200 98596 30
0.069
298
< 0.156
(Singly Rienforced
Section)
not exceed 0.95d= 298
d.[0.5+(0.25-(k/0.9))^(1/ 2)] .[0.5+(0.25-(0.069/ 0.9)^(1/ 2))] 288
M
max
=
41.1 10
6
= 2.08
=
bd
2
200 98596
fs = fy
A
s,req
=
164 (Service Stress)
A
s,pro
603
= x 390 x
406
314
Allowable span/depth 26 1.94 50.5
1.94
120
Bassic span/depth 26
modification factor
OK
0.55 +
477
=
Actual span/depth 15.9 5000
Allowable span/depth 50.5 Actual span/depth 15.9
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION OUTPUT
7
d - Link
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load for bending moment
Uniformly distributed Load x = kN/m x = kN/m
Total uniformly distributed load
+ = kN/m Total load per m lenght for
bending moment kN/m
Max Shear at Support
= = kN
= / bd = N/mm²
V
capacity
= (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= N/mm²
= N/mm² > N/mm²
Assume 6 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm
Hence R6@120
Shear at L/4 from the support
= = kN
= N/mm²
= N/mm² Assume 6 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm
Hence R6@150
(Case 3 in table3.7 in Code BS8110)
OUTPUT
V
max
ql/2
15.5
+0.4= 1.23 1.18 V
capacity
V
stress
V
max
74.3
1.184
Asv= 55
1073 150
55
170 120
55.74 q(l-0.25l)/2
29.7
15.5
Asv=
0.83
V
stress
14.3
V
cap.
0.83
V
l/4
V
stress
0.89
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
29.73
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
30.9 0.5 28.6 0.5 14.3
8
Check Existing Section of Ground Beam GB7 (Along Grid 4 from Grid E-G)
I/ Check Existing GB7 effective span= m
A -Loading Slab Panel x m and x m and mTHK
Dead Load
Slab kN/m³ x x = kN/m kN/m³ x x = kN/m
Beam kN/m³ x x = kN/m
Roof Load kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Wall 10cm kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Wall 20cm kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Floor Finished kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Total Dead Load kN/m kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load
Floor LL kN/m² x m = kN/m kN/m² x m = kN/m
Roof LL kN/m² x m = kN/m kN/m² x m = kN/m
Total live Load kN/m kN/m
Triangle or Trapezoidal Design Load
= kN/m = kN/m
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load
Uniformly distributed Load x = kN/m x = kN/m
Total uniformly distributed load
+ = kN/m
1 18.6
47.4 18.59 65.96
47.4 1 47.4 18.6
4 3.3
13.2 4.4
(1.4 x 18.75) + (1.6 x 13.2) 47.4 (1.4 x 8.25) + (1.6 x 4.4) 18.6
0 1.7 0 0 0.83 0
13.2 4
1.1 1.65
18.8 8.3
1.1 4.4
1.5 3.3 4.95 1.5
3.3 3.96
0 0 0 0 0 0
1.2 3.3 3.96 1.2
0.83 0
24 0.2
0 1.7 0 0
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
0.4 1.92
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
24 0.1 24 0.1 1.1 2.64 3.3 7.92
OUTPUT
6.6
6.6 3.3 6.6 1.1 0.1
9
B -Bending Moment
Max moment at support M
sup
= = kN/m
Max moment at mid spanM
mid
= = kN/m
C -Beam Section
b= (0.4 to 0.5)h= (0.4 to 0.5) . » b= mm » b= mm
Cover: C= mm ;Assume Steel Bar Ø D
R
= mm ; D
T
= mm
d= h - C - D
R
/2 - D
T
/2 = = mm d'= mm
D- Define Steel Area
Assume fcu= N/mm² ; fy v= N/mm² fy = N/mm²
a - Define Steel Area at Support Mmax= kNm
» Compression Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
'=
mm
2
» Tension Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
=
mm
2
T » A
s
'=
mm
2
Total Steel Area mm²
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 »
b - Define Steel Area at Mid span Mmax= kNm
» Compression Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
'=
mm
2
» Tension Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
=
mm
2
Total Steel Area mm²
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 » 2.355 0.13 OK
4 20 1256
1884
119.72
2 20 628
25 0
1884
2.355 0.13 OK
4 20 1256 0
239.43
2 20 628
400 - 25 - 4 - 10 361 35
30 250 390
400 212.143 200
25 8 20
10 15 10 15
to » h= 400 mm
- ql²/12 -239.43
ql²/24 119.72
» h= 471.429 mm
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION OUTPUT
h=
L
to
L
=
6600 6600
10
c - Link or Stirrup
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load for bending moment
Uniformly distributed Load x = kN/m x = kN/m
Total uniformly distributed load
+ = kN/m
Max Shear at Support
= = kN
= / bd = N/mm²
Max Shear Stress 0.8(f
cu
^(1/2)) = N/mm²
V
capacity
= (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= N/mm²
N/mm²
» Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))
A
sv
≥(b
v
S
v
(v
s
-v
c
))/0.87f
y
Assume ø 6 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm
Hence R6@30
» Existing Link Ø 6 mm @ 150 mm not enough
Asv= 56.5
29.7 30
0.95
V
capacity
+0.4= 1.35
V
stress
V
max
3.015
4.38
47.4 18.59 65.96
V
max
ql/2 217.7
OUTPUT
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
47.4 1 47.4 18.6 1 18.6
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
11
Shear at L/4
= = kN
= / bd = N/mm²
Max Shear Stress 0.8(f
cu
^(1/2)) = N/mm²
V
capacity
= (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= N/mm²
N/mm²
» Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))
A
sv
≥(b
v
S
v
(v
s
-v
c
))/0.87f
y
Assume Ø 6 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm
Hence R6@50
» Existing Link Ø 6 mm @
d - Check Deflection
x
x
5 2
8 3
- fs
(0.9+(M / bd
2
))
= ( table3.9 in Code BS8110 Part 1 1985)
= x =
= l / 250 = / = mm
OUTPUT BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
250 26.4
Allowable span/depth 26 0.987 25.6736
Bassic span/depth 26
modification factor =
Actual span/depth 6600
x
1884
= 260
0.55 +
477
= 0.99
120
(Service Stress)
1884
fs = fy
A
s,req
= x
A
s,pro
390
= 4.59
bd
2
200 130321
M
max
=
120 10
6
not enough
Asv= 56.5
46.7 50
1.6
0.95
V
capacity
+0.4= 1.35
150 mm
V
max
ql
l/4
/ 2 163.3
V
stress
V
max
2.261
12
» » = < = »
e - Check Cracking
1/ CLear distance between horizontal tension bars
Allowable clear distance between bars
= (table 3.28)
S
1
= (b-2(cover)-2(Ø
links
)-2(Ø
bar
))/2
= mm <
Clear Distance between the face of the beam and nearest longitudinal bar in tension
S
2
= ((y
2
+y
2
)^(1/2))-(Ø
bar
/2)
y = cover+Ø
link
+(Ø
bar
/2)
= mm
Allowable distance
= 155x0.5 = mm
» S
2
= mm < bar should be provided in side faces of beam to control cracking
Distance between bars
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION OUTPUT
43
77.5
NO
Refer 3.12.11.2.3 BS8110
155
47 155 OK
Actual span/depth 26.4
50.8 77.5
Allowable span/depth 25.674
13
Sb ≤ mm
Minimum size bar
Ø > ((S
b
b/f
y
)^(1/2))
> mm Provide @ DB12 250
250
11.3
14
OUTPUT
15
OUTPUT
16
OUTPUT
17
OUTPUT
18
OUTPUT
19
20
Check Existing Section of Ground Beam GB9 (Along Grid E from Grid 7'-9')
I/ Check Existing GB9 effective span= m
A -Loading Slab Panel x m and x m and mTHK
Dead Load
Slab kN/m³ x x = kN/m kN/m³ x x = kN/m
Beam kN/m³ x x = kN/m
Roof Load kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Wall 10cm kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Wall 20cm kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Floor Finished kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Total Dead Load kN/m kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load
Floor LL kN/m² x m = kN/m kN/m² x m = kN/m
Roof LL kN/m² x m = kN/m kN/m² x m = kN/m
Total live Load kN/m kN/m
Triangle or Trapezoidal Design Load
= kN/m = kN/m
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load
Uniformly distributed Load x = kN/m x = kN/m
Total uniformly distributed load
+ = kN/m
0.83 0 0 1.7 0 0
(1.4 x 14.46) + (1.6 x 8.8)
OUTPUT
7.7
7.7 2.2 7.7 1.65 0.1
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
24
24 0.2 0.4 1.92
1.65 3.96
0 0 0
3.3 3.96
0.1 2.2 5.28 24 0.1
0.83
1.2 3.3 3.96 1.2
0 1.7
1.65 2.48
0 0 0 0 0 0
1.5 2.2 3.3 1.5
14.5 10.4
4 2.2 8.8 4 1.65 6.6
34.3 (1.4 x 10.4) + (1.6 x 6.6) 25.1
1 25.1
8.8 6.6
34.3 1 34.3 25.1
59.437 34.3 25.11
21
B -Bending Moment
Max moment at support M
sup
= = kN/m
Max moment at mid spanM
mid
= = kN/m
C -Beam Section
b= (0.4 to 0.5)h= (0.4 to 0.5) . » b= mm » b= mm
Cover: C= mm ;Assume Steel Bar Ø D
R
= mm ; D
T
= mm
d= h - C - D
R
/2 - D
T
/2 = = mm d'= mm
D- Define Steel Area
Assume fcu= N/mm² ; fy v= N/mm² fy = N/mm²
a - Define Steel Area at Support Mmax= kNm
» Compression Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
'=
mm
2
» Tension Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
=
mm
2
T » A
s
'=
mm
2
Total Steel Area mm²
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 »
b - Define Steel Area at Mid span Mmax= kNm
» Compression Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
'=
mm
2
» Tension Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
=
mm
2
Total Steel Area mm²
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION OUTPUT
=
7700
h=
L
to
L
h= 550 mm
- ql²/12 -293.67
ql²/24 146.83
» h= 400 mm
10 15 10 15
to
7700
»
400 247.5 200
25 8 20
400 - 25 - 4 - 10 361 35
30 250 390
293.67
2 25 981
3 25 1472
3.851 0.13 OK
3081.13
2 20 628
146.83
2 20 628
6 25 2944
3571.75
22
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 »
c - Link or Stirrup
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load for bending moment
Uniformly distributed Load x = kN/m x = kN/m
Total uniformly distributed load
+ = kN/m
Max Shear at Support
= = kN
= / bd = N/mm²
Max Shear Stress 0.8(f
cu
^(1/2)) = N/mm²
V
capacity
= (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= N/mm²
N/mm²
» Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))
A
sv
≥(b
v
S
v
(v
s
-v
c
))/0.87f
y
Assume ø 6 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm
Hence R6@30
» Existing Link Ø 6 mm @ 150 mm not enough
OUTPUT
4.465 0.13 OK
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
Left Side of the beam
34.3
3.169
Right Side of the beam
34.3 1 34.3 25.1 1 25.1
V
max
25.11 59.437
Asv= 56.5
29.9 30
V
stress
V
max
1.11
4.38
V
capacity
ql/2 228.8
+0.4= 1.51
23
Shear at L/4
= = kN
= / bd = N/mm²
Max Shear Stress 0.8(f
cu
^(1/2)) = N/mm²
V
capacity
= (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= N/mm²
N/mm²
» Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))
A
sv
≥(b
v
S
v
(v
s
-v
c
))/0.87f
y
Assume Ø 6 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm
Hence R6@50
» Existing Link Ø 6 mm @
d - Check Deflection
x
x
5 2
8 3
- fs
(0.9+(M / bd
2
))
= ( table3.9 in Code BS8110 Part 1 1985)
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
=
OUTPUT
150 mm not enough
+
477
0.55 modification factor =
= 5.63
bd
2
200 130321
M
max
=
147 10
6
= x
A
s,pro
390 fs = fy
A
s,req
260
0.91
(Service Stress) x
3572
=
3571.75
120
Bassic span/depth 26
V
stress
V
max
2.377
V
capacity
+0.4= 1.51
V
max
ql
l/4
/ 2 171.6
56.5
48.7 50
1.96
Asv=
1.11
24
= x =
= l / 250 = / = mm
» » = < = »
e - Check Cracking
1/ CLear distance between horizontal tension bars
Allowable clear distance between bars
= (table 3.28)
S
1
= (b-2(cover)-2(Ø
links
)-2(Ø
bar
))/2
= mm <
Clear Distance between the face of the beam and nearest longitudinal bar in tension
S
2
= ((y
2
+y
2
)^(1/2))-(Ø
bar
/2)
y = cover+Ø
link
+(Ø
bar
/2)
= mm
Allowable distance
= 155x0.5 = mm
» S
2
= mm < bar should be provided in side faces of beam to control cracking
Distance between bars
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
OK 155
155
OUTPUT
45.5
51.8 77.5
Refer 3.12.11.2.3 BS8110
42
77.5
250 30.8
0.907 23.5731
NO
Actual span/depth 7700
Allowable span/depth 23.573 Actual span/depth 30.8
Allowable span/depth 26
25
Sb ≤ mm
Minimum size bar Ø > ((S
b
b/f
y
)^(1/2))
> mm
Provide @
250
11.323
DB12 250
26
Check Existing Section of First Floor Beam B2a (Along Grid E from Grid 7'-9')
I/ Check Existing B2a effective span= m
A -Loading Slab Panel x m and x m and mTHK
Dead Load
Slab kN/m³ x x = kN/m kN/m³ x x = kN/m
Beam kN/m³ x x = kN/m
Roof Load kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Wall 10cm kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Wall 20cm kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Floor Finished kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Total Dead Load kN/m kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load
Floor LL kN/m² x m = kN/m kN/m² x m = kN/m
Roof LL kN/m² x m = kN/m kN/m² x m = kN/m
Total live Load kN/m kN/m
Triangle or Trapezoidal Design Load
= kN/m = kN/m
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load
Uniformly distributed Load x = kN/m x = kN/m
Total uniformly distributed load
+ = kN/m
1 26.2
38.2 26.22 64.376
38.2 1 38.2 26.2
4 2.2
8.8 6.6
(1.4 x 17.2) + (1.6 x 8.8) 38.2 (1.4 x 11.19) + (1.6 x 6.6) 26.2
0 1.7 0 0 0.83 0
8.8 4
1.65 2.48
17.2 11.2
1.65 6.6
1.5 2.2 3.3 1.5
3.3 3.96
0 0 0 0 0 0
1.2 3.3 3.96 1.2
0.83 0
24 0.25
0 1.7 0 0
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
0.6 3.6
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
24 0.12 24 0.12 1.65 4.75 2.2 6.34
OUTPUT
7.7
7.7 2.2 7.7 1.65 0.12
27
B -Bending Moment
Max moment at support M
sup
= = kN/m
Max moment at mid spanM
mid
= = kN/m
C -Beam Section
b= (0.4 to 0.5)h= (0.4 to 0.5) . » b= mm » b= mm
Cover: C= mm ;Assume Steel Bar Ø D
R
= mm ; D
T
= mm
d= h - C - D
R
/2 - D
T
/2 = = mm d'= mm
D- Define Steel Area
Assume fcu= N/mm² ; fy v= N/mm² fy = N/mm²
a - Define Steel Area at Support Mmax= kNm
» Compression Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
'=
mm
2
» Tension Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
=
mm
2
T » A
s
'=
mm
2
Total Steel Area mm²
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 »
b - Define Steel Area at Mid span Mmax= kNm
» Compression Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
'=
mm
2
» Tension Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
=
mm
2
Total Steel Area mm²
6 25 2944
3571.75
159.04
2 20 628
25 1472
3081.13
2.054 0.13 OK
2 20 628 3
318.07
2 25 981
600 - 25 - 4 - 10 561 35
30 250 390
600 247.5 250
25 8 20
600 mm 550 mm
10 15 10 15
to h= =
7700
ql²/24 159.04
» h=
7700
» h=
L
to
L
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION OUTPUT
- ql²/12 -318.07
28
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 »
c - Link or Stirrup
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load for bending moment
Uniformly distributed Load x = kN/m x = kN/m
Total uniformly distributed load
+ = kN/m
Max Shear at Support
= = kN
= / bd = N/mm²
Max Shear Stress 0.8(f
cu
^(1/2)) = N/mm²
V
capacity
= (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= N/mm²
N/mm²
» Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))
A
sv
≥(b
v
S
v
(v
s
-v
c
))/0.87f
y
Assume ø 8 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm
Hence R8@90
» Existing Link Ø 8 mm @ 125 mm not enough
Asv= 101
90.4 90
1.767
4.38
0.80
V
capacity
+0.4= 1.20
V
max
ql/2 247.8
V
stress
V
max
38.2 26.22 64.376
OUTPUT
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
38.2 1 38.2 26.2 1 26.2
2.381 0.13 OK
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
29
Shear at L/4
= = kN
= / bd = N/mm²
Max Shear Stress 0.8(f
cu
^(1/2)) = N/mm²
V
capacity
= (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= N/mm²
N/mm²
» Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))
A
sv
≥(b
v
S
v
(v
s
-v
c
))/0.87f
y
Assume Ø 8 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm
Hence R8@160
» Existing Link Ø 8 mm @
d - Check Deflection
x
x
5 2
8 3
- fs
(0.9+(M / bd
2
))
= ( table3.9 in Code BS8110 Part 1 1985)
= x =
= l / 250 = / = mm
» » = > = » OK Allowable span/depth 40.145 Actual span/depth 30.8
250 30.8
Allowable span/depth 26 1.544 40.1452
Bassic span/depth 26
modification factor =
Actual span/depth 7700
x
3572
= 260
0.55 +
477
= 1.54
120
(Service Stress)
3571.75
fs = fy
A
s,req
= x
A
s,pro
390
= 2.02
bd
2
250 314721
M
max
=
159 10
6
safe enough
Asv= 101
166 160
1.96
0.80
V
capacity
+0.4= 1.20
125 mm
V
max
ql
l/4
/ 2 185.9
V
stress
V
max
1.325
30
e - Check Cracking
1/ CLear distance between horizontal tension bars
Allowable clear distance between bars
= (table 3.28)
S
1
= (b-2(cover)-2(Ø
links
)-2(Ø
bar
))/2
= mm <
Clear Distance between the face of the beam and nearest longitudinal bar in tension
S
2
= ((y
2
+y
2
)^(1/2))-(Ø
bar
/2)
y = cover+Ø
link
+(Ø
bar
/2)
= mm
Allowable distance
= 155x0.5 = mm
» S
2
= mm < bar should be provided in side faces of beam to control cracking
Distance between bars
Sb ≤ mm
45.5
77.5
51.8 77.5
250
Refer 3.12.11.2.3 BS8110
155
67 155 OK
31
Minimum size bar
Ø > ((S
b
b/f
y
)^(1/2))
> mm
Provide @ DB12 250
12.7
32
Check Existing Section of Roof Floor Beam RB1A (Along Grid H from Grid 2-4)
I/ Check Existing RB1A effective span= m
A -Loading Slab Panel x m and x m and mTHK
Dead Load
Slab kN/m³ x x = kN/m kN/m³ x x = kN/m
Beam kN/m³ x x = kN/m
Roof Load kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Wall 10cm kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Wall 20cm kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Floor Finished kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Total Dead Load kN/m kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load
Floor LL kN/m² x m = kN/m kN/m² x m = kN/m
Roof LL kN/m² x m = kN/m kN/m² x m = kN/m
Total live Load kN/m kN/m
Triangle or Trapezoidal Design Load
= kN/m = kN/m
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load
Uniformly distributed Load x = kN/m x = kN/m
Total uniformly distributed load
+ = kN/m
OUTPUT
6.6
6.6 1.65 6.6 1.65 0.12
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
24 0.12
24 0.2 0.4 1.92
1.65 4.75
2.55 1.5
3.3 0
1.65 4.75 24 0.12
0.83 1.25
0 3.3 0 0
1.5 1.7
0 0 0 0 0 0
1.5 1.65 2.48 1.5
1.65 2.48 1.5 1.65
1.25
11.7 8.5
1.65 2.48
2.48 1.5
1.5 1.7 2.55 1.5
(1.4 x 11.7) + (1.6 x 5.03) 24.4 (1.4 x 8.47) + (1.6 x 3.72)
0.83
17.8
1 17.8
5.03 3.72
24.4 1 24.4 17.8
42.229 24.4 17.81
33
B -Bending Moment
Max moment at support M
sup
= = kN/m
Max moment at mid spanM
mid
= = kN/m
C -Beam Section
b= (0.4 to 0.5)h= (0.4 to 0.5) . » b= mm » b= mm
Cover: C= mm ;Assume Steel Bar Ø D
R
= mm ; D
T
= mm
d= h - C - D
R
/2 - D
T
/2 = = mm d'= mm
D- Define Steel Area
Assume fcu= N/mm² ; fy v= N/mm² fy = N/mm²
a - Define Steel Area at Support Mmax= kNm
» Compression Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
'=
mm
2
» Tension Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
=
mm
2
T » A
s
'=
mm
2
Total Steel Area mm²
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 »
b - Define Steel Area at Mid span Mmax= kNm
» Compression Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
'=
mm
2
» Tension Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
=
mm
2
Total Steel Area mm²
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION OUTPUT
=
6600
h=
L
to
L
mm
- ql²/12 -153.29
ql²/24 76.64
» h=
10 15 10 15
to
6600
» h= 471.429 400 mm
400 212.143 200
25 8 20
400 - 25 - 4 - 10 361 35
30 250 390
2 20 628
2 20 628
2.072 0.13 OK
153.29
2 16 402
1657.92
76.64
2 20 628
4 20 1256
1884
34
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 »
c - Link or Stirrup
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load for bending moment
Uniformly distributed Load x = kN/m x = kN/m
Total uniformly distributed load
+ = kN/m
Max Shear at Support
= = kN
= / bd = N/mm²
Max Shear Stress 0.8(f
cu
^(1/2)) = N/mm²
V
capacity
= (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= N/mm²
N/mm²
» Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))
A
sv
≥(b
v
S
v
(v
s
-v
c
))/0.87f
y
Assume ø 8 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm
Hence R8@100
» Existing Link Ø 8 mm @
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
1 17.8
2.355 0.13 OK
V
max
ql/2 139.4
OUTPUT
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
24.4 1 24.4 17.8
24.4 17.81 42.229
0.91
V
capacity
+0.4= 1.31
V
stress
V
max
1.93
4.38
101
107 100
125 mm not enough
Asv=
35
Shear at L/4
= = kN
= / bd = N/mm²
Max Shear Stress 0.8(f
cu
^(1/2)) = N/mm²
V
capacity
= (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= N/mm²
N/mm²
» Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))
A
sv
≥(b
v
S
v
(v
s
-v
c
))/0.87f
y
Assume Ø 8 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm
Hence R8@200
» Existing Link Ø 8 mm @
d - Check Deflection
x
x
5 2
8 3
- fs
(0.9+(M / bd
2
))
= ( table3.9 in Code BS8110 Part 1 1985)
= x =
= l / 250 = / = mm
» » = > = »
V
stress
V
max
1.448
V
max
ql
l/4
/ 2 104.5
1.6
0.91
V
capacity
+0.4= 1.31
101
202 200
125 mm safe enough
Asv=
M
max
=
76.6 10
6
= 2.94
bd
2
200 130321
260 (Service Stress)
1884
fs = fy
A
s,req
= x
A
s,pro
390 x
1884
=
Allowable span/depth 26 1.233 32.0652
1.23
120
Bassic span/depth 26
modification factor = 0.55 +
477
=
Actual span/depth 6600 250 26.4
OK Actual span/depth 26.4 Allowable span/depth 32.065
36
e - Check Cracking
Refer 3.12.11.2.3 BS8110
1/ CLear distance between horizontal tension bars
Allowable clear distance between bars
= (table 3.28)
S
1
= (b-2(cover)-2(Ø
links
)-2(Ø
bar
))/2
= mm <
Clear Distance between the face of the beam and nearest longitudinal bar in tension
S
2
= ((y
2
+y
2
)^(1/2))-(Ø
bar
/2)
y = cover+Ø
link
+(Ø
bar
/2)
= mm
Allowable distance
= 155x0.5 = mm
» S
2
= mm < bar should be provided in side faces of beam to control cracking
Distance between bars
Sb ≤ mm
155
47 155 OK
43
77.5
50.8 77.5
250
37
Minimum size bar
Ø > ((S
b
b/f
y
)^(1/2))
> mm
Provide @ DB12 250
11.3
38
Check Existing Section of Roof Floor Beam RB15B (Along Grid E from Grid 1-5)
I/ Check Existing RB15B effective span= m
A -Loading Slab Panel x m and x m and mTHK
Dead Load
Slab kN/m³ x x = kN/m kN/m³ x x = kN/m
Beam kN/m³ x x = kN/m
Roof Load kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Wall 10cm kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Wall 20cm kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Floor Finished kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Total Dead Load kN/m kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load
Floor LL kN/m² x m = kN/m kN/m² x m = kN/m
Roof LL kN/m² x m = kN/m kN/m² x m = kN/m
Total live Load kN/m kN/m
Triangle or Trapezoidal Design Load
= kN/m = kN/m
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load
Uniformly distributed Load x = kN/m x = kN/m
Total uniformly distributed load
+ = kN/m 31.5 17.81 49.273
31.5 1 31.5 17.8 1 17.8
5.85 3.72
(1.4 x 15.79) + (1.6 x 5.85) 31.5 (1.4 x 8.47) + (1.6 x 3.72) 17.8
1.5 1.7 2.55 1.5 0.83 1.25
15.8 8.5
1.5 2.2 3.3 1.5 1.65 2.48
1.5 2.2 3.3 1.5 1.65 2.48
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 3.3 0 0 3.3 0
1.5 1.7 2.55 1.5 0.83 1.25
24 0.25 0.6 3.6
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
24 0.12 2.2 6.34 24 0.12 1.65 4.75
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION OUTPUT
9.9
9.9 2.2 9.9 1.65 0.12
39
B -Bending Moment
Max moment at support M
sup
= = kN/m
Max moment at mid spanM
mid
= = kN/m
C -Beam Section
b= (0.4 to 0.5)h= (0.4 to 0.5) . » b= mm » b= mm
Cover: C= mm ;Assume Steel Bar Ø D
R
= mm ; D
T
= mm
d= h - C - D
R
/2 - D
T
/2 = = mm d'= mm
D- Define Steel Area
Assume fcu= N/mm² ; fy v= N/mm² fy = N/mm²
a - Define Steel Area at Support Mmax= kNm
» Compression Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
'=
mm
2
» Tension Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
=
mm
2
T » A
s
'=
mm
2
Total Steel Area mm²
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 »
b - Define Steel Area at Mid span Mmax= kNm
» Compression Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
'=
mm
2
» Tension Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
=
mm
2
Total Steel Area mm² 3571.75
201.22
2 20 628
6 25 2944
3 25 1472
3081.13
2.054 0.13 OK
402.44
2 25 981
2 20 628
600 - 25 - 4 - 10 561 35
30 250 390
600 318.214 250
25 8 20
600 mm
10 15 10 15
to
9900
» h= 707.143 mm
- ql²/12 -402.44
ql²/24 201.22
» h= h=
L
to
L
=
9900
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION OUTPUT
40
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 »
c - Link or Stirrup
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load for bending moment
Uniformly distributed Load x = kN/m x = kN/m
Total uniformly distributed load
+ = kN/m
Max Shear at Support
= = kN
= / bd = N/mm²
Max Shear Stress 0.8(f
cu
^(1/2)) = N/mm²
V
capacity
= (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= N/mm²
N/mm²
» Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))
A
sv
≥(b
v
S
v
(v
s
-v
c
))/0.87f
y
Assume ø 8 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm
Hence R8@90
» Existing Link Ø 8 mm @
Asv= 101
93.1 90
125 mm not enough
V
stress
V
max
1.739
4.38
0.80
V
capacity
+0.4= 1.20
31.5 17.81 49.273
V
max
ql/2 243.9
OUTPUT
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
31.5 1 31.5 17.8 1 17.8
2.381 0.13 OK
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
41
Shear at L/4
= = kN
= / bd = N/mm²
Max Shear Stress 0.8(f
cu
^(1/2)) = N/mm²
V
capacity
= (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= N/mm²
N/mm²
» Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))
A
sv
≥(b
v
S
v
(v
s
-v
c
))/0.87f
y
Assume Ø 8 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm
Hence R8@170
» Existing Link Ø 8 mm @
d - Check Deflection
x
x
5 2
8 3
- fs
(0.9+(M / bd
2
))
= ( table3.9 in Code BS8110 Part 1 1985)
= x =
= l / 250 = / = mm
» » = < = » NO
Allowable span/depth
39.6
Allowable span/depth 34.727 Actual span/depth 39.6
=
34.727
modification factor =
Actual span/depth 9900 250
120
Bassic span/depth 26
x
3572
= 260
1.34
26 1.336
0.55 +
477
(Service Stress)
3571.75
fs = fy
A
s,req
= x
A
s,pro
390
M
max
=
201 10
6
= 2.56
bd
2
250 314721
101
173 170
125 mm safe enough
1.96
0.80
V
capacity
+0.4= 1.20
Asv=
V
max
ql
l/4
/ 2 182.9
V
stress
V
max
1.304
42
e - Check Cracking
1/ CLear distance between horizontal tension bars
Allowable clear distance between bars
= (table 3.28)
S
1
= (b-2(cover)-2(Ø
links
)-2(Ø
bar
))/2
= mm <
Clear Distance between the face of the beam and nearest longitudinal bar in tension
S
2
= ((y
2
+y
2
)^(1/2))-(Ø
bar
/2)
y = cover+Ø
link
+(Ø
bar
/2)
= mm
Allowable distance
= 155x0.5 = mm
» S
2
= mm < bar should be provided in side faces of beam to control cracking
Distance between bars
Sb ≤ mm
Refer 3.12.11.2.3 BS8110
155
67 155 OK
45.5
77.5
51.8 77.5
250
43
Minimum size bar
Ø > ((S
b
b/f
y
)^(1/2))
> mm
Provide @ DB12 250
12.7
44
Check Existing Section of First Floor Beam B1 (Along Grid G from Grid 13-15)
I/ Check Existing B1 effective span= m
A -Loading Slab Panel x m and x m and mTHK
Dead Load
Slab kN/m³ x x = kN/m kN/m³ x x = kN/m
Beam kN/m³ x x = kN/m
Roof Load kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Wall 10cm kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Wall 20cm kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Floor Finished kN/m² x = kN/m kN/m² x = kN/m
Total Dead Load kN/m kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load
Floor LL kN/m² x m = kN/m kN/m² x m = kN/m
Roof LL kN/m² x m = kN/m kN/m² x m = kN/m
Total live Load kN/m kN/m
Triangle or Trapezoidal Design Load
= kN/m = kN/m
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load
Uniformly distributed Load x = kN/m x = kN/m
Total uniformly distributed load
+ = kN/m
OUTPUT
6.6
6.6 2.2 6.6 0 0.12
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
24 0.12
24 0.2 0.3 1.44
0 0
0 0
3.3 0
2.2 6.34 24 0.12
0.83 0
0 3.3 0 0
0 1.7
2.3 4.3 9.89 2.3 0 0
4 2.2 8.8 4
0 0 1.5 2.2
0
21.0 0.0
0 0
3.3 1.5
0 1.7 0 0
(1.4 x 20.97) + (1.6 x 8.8) 43.4 (1.4 x 0) + (1.6 x 0)
0.83
0.0
1 0
8.8 0
43.4 1 43.4 0.0
43.432 43.4 0
45
B -Bending Moment
Max moment at support M
sup
= = kN/m
Max moment at mid spanM
mid
= = kN/m
C -Beam Section
b= (0.4 to 0.5)h= (0.4 to 0.5) . » b= mm » b= mm
Cover: C= mm ;Assume Steel Bar Ø D
R
= mm ; D
T
= mm
d= h - C - D
R
/2 - D
T
/2 = = mm d'= mm
D- Define Steel Area
Assume fcu= N/mm² ; fy v= N/mm² fy = N/mm²
a - Define Steel Area at Support Mmax= kNm
» Compression Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
'=
mm
2
» Tension Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
=
mm
2
T » A
s
'=
mm
2
Total Steel Area mm²
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 »
b - Define Steel Area at Mid span Mmax= kNm
» Compression Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
'=
mm
2
» Tension Steel Area
Existing Steel Area T » A
s
=
mm
2
Total Steel Area mm²
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION OUTPUT
=
6600
h=
L
to
L
mm
- ql²/12 -157.66
ql²/24 78.83
» h=
10 15 10 15
to
6600
» h= 471.429 300 mm
300 212.143 200
25 8 20
300 - 25 - 4 - 10 261 35
30 250 390
2 16 402
4 20 1256
2.763 0.13 OK
157.66
0 25 0
1657.92
78.83
2 16 628
3 16 603
1230.88
46
» P=100(As,req / bd)= > < 4 »
c - Link or Stirrup
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load for bending moment
Uniformly distributed Load x = kN/m x = kN/m
Total uniformly distributed load
+ = kN/m
Max Shear at Support
= = kN
= / bd = N/mm²
Max Shear Stress 0.8(f
cu
^(1/2)) = N/mm²
V
capacity
= (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= N/mm²
N/mm²
» Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))
A
sv
≥(b
v
S
v
(v
s
-v
c
))/0.87f
y
Assume ø 8 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm
Hence R8@70
» Existing Link Ø 8 mm @
BS8110 REF. CALCULATION
1 0
2.051 0.13 OK
V
max
ql/2 143.3
OUTPUT
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
43.4 1 43.4 0.0
43.4 0 43.432
1.09
V
capacity
+0.4= 1.49
V
stress
V
max
2.746
4.38
101
66.2 70
125 mm not enough
Asv=
47
Shear at L/4
= = kN
= / bd = N/mm²
Max Shear Stress 0.8(f
cu
^(1/2)) = N/mm²
V
capacity
= (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= N/mm²
N/mm²
» Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))
A
sv
≥(b
v
S
v
(v
s
-v
c
))/0.87f
y
Assume Ø 8 mm » Area of link mm
2
» Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
)) = mm » mm
Hence R8@100
» Existing Link Ø 8 mm @
d - Check Deflection
x
x
5 2
8 3
- fs
(0.9+(M / bd
2
))
= ( table3.9 in Code BS8110 Part 1 1985)
= x =
= l / 250 = / = mm
» » = < = »
V
stress
V
max
2.059
V
max
ql
l/4
/ 2 107.5
1.39
1.09
V
capacity
+0.4= 1.49
101
113 100
125 mm not enough
Asv=
M
max
=
78.8 10
6
= 5.79
bd
2
200 68121
260 (Service Stress)
1230.88
fs = fy
A
s,req
= x
A
s,pro
390 x
1231
=
Allowable span/depth 26 0.897 23.3288
0.9
120
Bassic span/depth 26
modification factor = 0.55 +
477
=
Actual span/depth 6600 250 26.4
NO Actual span/depth 26.4 Allowable span/depth 23.329
48
e - Check Cracking
1/ CLear distance between horizontal tension bars
Allowable clear distance between bars
= (table 3.28)
S
1
= (b-2(cover)-2(Ø
links
)-2(Ø
bar
))/2
= mm <
Clear Distance between the face of the beam and nearest longitudinal bar in tension
S
2
= ((y
2
+y
2
)^(1/2))-(Ø
bar
/2)
y = cover+Ø
link
+(Ø
bar
/2)
= mm
Allowable distance
= 155x0.5 = mm
» S
2
= mm < bar should be provided in side faces of beam to control cracking
Distance between bars
Sb ≤ mm
Refer 3.12.11.2.3 BS8110
155
51 155 OK
41
77.5
50 77.5
250
49
Minimum size bar
Ø > ((S
b
b/f
y
)^(1/2))
> mm
Provide @ DB12 250
11.3
50

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