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# EEL303: Power Engineering - 1

## Inductance of Bundled / Composite Conductors

Single Phase Line

Each conductor in bundle X carries i/n current Each conductor in bundle Y carries -i/m current

a = 2 10
2 10

## i 1 1 1 1 ln r ' + ln D + ln D + L + ln D n a ab ac an i 1 1 1 1 ln D + ln D + ln D + L + ln D m aa ' ab ' ac ' am

m n

a = 2 10 i ln
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Daa ' Dab ' Dac ' L Dam r 'a Dab Dac L Dan
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## A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

La =

a
i n

= 2n 10 ln

m n

Daa ' Dab ' Dac ' L Dam r 'a Dab Dac L Dan

## Similarly, inductance of conductor b:

Lb =

b
i n

= 2n 10 ln

m n

Dba ' Dbb ' Dbc ' L Dbm Dab r 'b Dbc L Dbn

## Average inductance of each of the conductor of bundle X:

La + Lb + Lc + L + Ln Lav = n
A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

## Bundle X is composed of n conductors in parallel. The inductance of bundle X is:

Lav La + Lb + Lc + L + Ln LX = = n n2

LX = 2 10 ln

mn

(Daa ' Dab ' Dac ' L Dam )(Dba ' Dbb ' Dbc ' L Dbm )L (Dna ' Dnb ' Dnc ' L Dnm ) n (r ' D D L D )(D r ' D L D )L (D D D L r ' ) a ab ac an ba b bc bn na nb nc n
2

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GMD LX = 2 10 ln GMR
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## A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

GMRX

GMRY GMD

GMD = mn (Daa ' Dab ' Dac ' L Dam )(Dba ' Dbb ' Dbc ' L Dbm )L (Dna ' Dnb ' Dnc ' L Dnm ) GMRX = n (r 'a Dab Dac L Dan )(Dba r 'b Dbc L Dbn )L (Dna Dnb Dnc L r 'n )
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## A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

Problem: Find GMR of three symmetrically placed conductors of go path of a single phase line as shown in the figure. r = 2 cm

50 cm

50 cm

50 cm

## r ' = 2e 1/ 4 = 0.7788r = 1.56cm

GMR = (1.56 50 50 )

1/ 3

= 15.7cm

## A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

Problem: One circuit of single phase transmission line is composed of three solid 0.25 cm radius wires shown as side X in the figure. The return circuit depicted as side Y is composed of two 0.5 cm radius wires. Find inductance of each side of line in H/m.
9m

a
6m

## GMD = 6 (Dad Dae )(Dbd Dbe )(Dcd Dce )

GMR for Side X

b
6m

GMRX = 9 (Daa Dab Dac )(Dba Dbb Dbc )(Dca Dcb Dcc )
c Where,

## Daa = Dbb = Dcc = r ' = 0.7788r = 0.7788 0.25 10 2

A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

Problem: One circuit of single phase transmission line is composed of three solid 0.25 cm radius wires shown as side X in the figure. The return circuit depicted as side Y is composed of two 0.5 cm radius wires. Find inductance of each side of line in H/m.
9m

a
6m

Where,

b
6m

c

## A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

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Problem: One circuit of single phase transmission line is composed of three solid 0.25 cm radius wires shown as side X in the figure. The return circuit depicted as side Y is composed of two 0.5 cm radius wires. Find inductance of each side of line in H/m.
9m

a
6m

LX = 2 10 7 ln
7

GMD GMRX

b
6m

GMD LY = 2 10 ln GMRY
L = LX + LY
Y

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## Three Phase Symmetrical Bundled Line

La = 2 10 7 ln GMD GMR

1/ 4

12

13

7

7

7

14

a =
2 10 7 a = 3

a1 + a 2 + a 3
3

7 3

15

La = 2 10 ln

Deq r'

H /m

## A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

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Problem: A single circuit three phase transposed line operated at 60 Hz has configuration as shown in the figure. Radius of each of the conductor is 0.0373 meter. Calculate per phase inductance.

20

20

38

## GMR = r ' = 0.7788 0.0373

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GMD = D eq = 3 20 20 38 = 24.8

GMD L = 2 10 ln H /m GMR

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## A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

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GMRR = i (r 'a Dab Dac L Dai )(Dba r 'b Dbc L Dbi )L (Dia Dib Dic L r 'i )
2

Product of distance between each conductor of R phase to every other conductor of phase R

GMRY =

j2

(r '

## Dab Dac L Daj )(Dba r 'b Dbc L Dbj )L (D ja D jb D jc L r ' j )

Product of distance between each conductor of Y phase to every other conductor of phase Y

GMRB =

k2

(r 'a Dab Dac L Dak )(Dba r 'b Dbc L Dbk )L (Dka Dkb Dkc L r 'k )

Product of distance between each conductor of B phase to every other conductor of phase B

## GMR phase = 3 GMRR GMRY GMRB

A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

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GMDRY = ij (Daa ' Dab ' Dac ' L Daj )(Dba ' Dbb ' Dbc ' L Dbj )L (Dna ' Dnb ' Dnc ' L Dij )
i: total conductors in phase R line j: total conductors in phase Y line
Product of distance between each conductor of R phase and every conductor of Y phase

GMDYB =

jk

(Daa ' Dab ' Dac ' L Dak )(Dba ' Dbb ' Dbc ' L Dbk )L (Dna ' Dnb ' Dnc ' L D jk )

## j: total conductors in phase Y line k: total conductors in phase B line

Product of distance between each conductor of Y phase and every conductor of B phase

GMDBR = ki (Daa ' Dab ' Dac ' L Dai )(Dba ' Dbb ' Dbc ' L Dbi )L (Dna ' Dnb ' Dnc ' L Dki )
k: total conductors in phase B line i: total conductors in phase R line
Product of distance between each conductor of B phase and every conductor of R phase

## GMD phase = 3 GMDRY GMDYB GMDBR

A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

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GMR phase = 3 GMRR GMRY GMRB GMD phase = 3 GMDRY GMDYB GMDBR

L phase = 2 10 ln

H /m

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## Use of Tables To Calculate Inductive Reactance

GMD X L = 2fL = 2f 2 10 ln /m GMR
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3

## Use GMR as given in table instead of r

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## These values are directly given in the standard data table

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Important
In standard data table, GMR of stranded conductor (as shown) is given (in inches). In this case, use this GMR value in all formulae instead of r (or 0.7788 x r) to calculate GMR of bundle
r

If conductor is a solid conductor, with radius given as r, r = 0.7788 x r should be used in all formulae to calculate GMR of bundle

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