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EEL303: Power Engineering - 1

Transmission Line Inductance Calculation Part 2

Course Coordinator: A. R. Abhyankar

A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

Generic Formula To Calculate Inductance

A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

Inductance of Bundled / Composite Conductors


Single Phase Line

Each conductor in bundle X carries i/n current Each conductor in bundle Y carries -i/m current

A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

Applying above equation for conductor a of bundle X, flux linkages of conductor a:

a = 2 10
2 10

i 1 1 1 1 ln r ' + ln D + ln D + L + ln D n a ab ac an i 1 1 1 1 ln D + ln D + ln D + L + ln D m aa ' ab ' ac ' am


m n

a = 2 10 i ln
7

Daa ' Dab ' Dac ' L Dam r 'a Dab Dac L Dan
4

A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

La =

a
i n

= 2n 10 ln

m n

Daa ' Dab ' Dac ' L Dam r 'a Dab Dac L Dan

Similarly, inductance of conductor b:

Lb =

b
i n

= 2n 10 ln

m n

Dba ' Dbb ' Dbc ' L Dbm Dab r 'b Dbc L Dbn

Average inductance of each of the conductor of bundle X:

La + Lb + Lc + L + Ln Lav = n
A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

Bundle X is composed of n conductors in parallel. The inductance of bundle X is:

Lav La + Lb + Lc + L + Ln LX = = n n2

LX = 2 10 ln

mn

(Daa ' Dab ' Dac ' L Dam )(Dba ' Dbb ' Dbc ' L Dbm )L (Dna ' Dnb ' Dnc ' L Dnm ) n (r ' D D L D )(D r ' D L D )L (D D D L r ' ) a ab ac an ba b bc bn na nb nc n
2

10

GMD LX = 2 10 ln GMR
7

(Geometric Mean Distance) (Geometric Mean Radius)

A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

GMRX

GMRY GMD

GMD = mn (Daa ' Dab ' Dac ' L Dam )(Dba ' Dbb ' Dbc ' L Dbm )L (Dna ' Dnb ' Dnc ' L Dnm ) GMRX = n (r 'a Dab Dac L Dan )(Dba r 'b Dbc L Dbn )L (Dna Dnb Dnc L r 'n )
2

A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

Problem: Find GMR of three symmetrically placed conductors of go path of a single phase line as shown in the figure. r = 2 cm

50 cm

50 cm

50 cm

r ' = 2e 1/ 4 = 0.7788r = 1.56cm

GMR = (1.56 50 50 )

1/ 3

= 15.7cm

A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

Problem: One circuit of single phase transmission line is composed of three solid 0.25 cm radius wires shown as side X in the figure. The return circuit depicted as side Y is composed of two 0.5 cm radius wires. Find inductance of each side of line in H/m.
9m

GMD between X and Y d

a
6m

GMD = 6 (Dad Dae )(Dbd Dbe )(Dcd Dce )


GMR for Side X

b
6m

GMRX = 9 (Daa Dab Dac )(Dba Dbb Dbc )(Dca Dcb Dcc )
c Where,

Daa = Dbb = Dcc = r ' = 0.7788r = 0.7788 0.25 10 2


A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

Problem: One circuit of single phase transmission line is composed of three solid 0.25 cm radius wires shown as side X in the figure. The return circuit depicted as side Y is composed of two 0.5 cm radius wires. Find inductance of each side of line in H/m.
9m

GMR for Side Y d

a
6m

GMRY = 4 (Ddd Dde )(Dee Ded )


Where,

b
6m

Ddd = Dee = r ' = 0.7788r = 0.7788 0.5 10 2


c

A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

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Problem: One circuit of single phase transmission line is composed of three solid 0.25 cm radius wires shown as side X in the figure. The return circuit depicted as side Y is composed of two 0.5 cm radius wires. Find inductance of each side of line in H/m.
9m

a
6m

LX = 2 10 7 ln
7

GMD GMRX

b
6m

GMD LY = 2 10 ln GMRY
L = LX + LY
Y

A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

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Three Phase Symmetrical Bundled Line


La = 2 10 7 ln GMD GMR

GMD D GMR = (r '1 d12 d13 d14 )


1/ 4

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Inductance of Three Phase Transposed Line

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a: Position 1, b: Position 2, c: Position 3

1 1 1 a1 = 2 10 ia ln + ib ln + ic ln r' D12 D31


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a: Position 2, b: Position 3, c: Position 1

1 1 1 a 2 = 2 10 ia ln + ib ln + ic ln r' D23 D12


7

a: Position 3, b: Position 1, c: Position 2

1 1 1 a 3 = 2 10 ia ln + ib ln + ic ln r' D31 D23


7

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Average flux linkage of a

a =
2 10 7 a = 3

a1 + a 2 + a 3
3

1 1 1 3ia ln + ib ln + ic ln r' D12 D23 D31 D12 D23 D31

D12 D23 D31 a = 2 10 ia ln r'


7 3

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Average inductance per phase:

La = 2 10 ln

Deq r'

H /m

Deq = 3 D12 D23 D31

A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

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Problem: A single circuit three phase transposed line operated at 60 Hz has configuration as shown in the figure. Radius of each of the conductor is 0.0373 meter. Calculate per phase inductance.

20

20

38

GMR = r ' = 0.7788 0.0373


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GMD = D eq = 3 20 20 38 = 24.8

GMD L = 2 10 ln H /m GMR

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Calculation for Unsymmetrically Bundled Transposed Three Phase Line

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GMRR = i (r 'a Dab Dac L Dai )(Dba r 'b Dbc L Dbi )L (Dia Dib Dic L r 'i )
2

Product of distance between each conductor of R phase to every other conductor of phase R

GMRY =

j2

(r '

Dab Dac L Daj )(Dba r 'b Dbc L Dbj )L (D ja D jb D jc L r ' j )

Product of distance between each conductor of Y phase to every other conductor of phase Y

GMRB =

k2

(r 'a Dab Dac L Dak )(Dba r 'b Dbc L Dbk )L (Dka Dkb Dkc L r 'k )

Product of distance between each conductor of B phase to every other conductor of phase B

GMR phase = 3 GMRR GMRY GMRB


A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

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GMDRY = ij (Daa ' Dab ' Dac ' L Daj )(Dba ' Dbb ' Dbc ' L Dbj )L (Dna ' Dnb ' Dnc ' L Dij )
i: total conductors in phase R line j: total conductors in phase Y line
Product of distance between each conductor of R phase and every conductor of Y phase

GMDYB =

jk

(Daa ' Dab ' Dac ' L Dak )(Dba ' Dbb ' Dbc ' L Dbk )L (Dna ' Dnb ' Dnc ' L D jk )

j: total conductors in phase Y line k: total conductors in phase B line


Product of distance between each conductor of Y phase and every conductor of B phase

GMDBR = ki (Daa ' Dab ' Dac ' L Dai )(Dba ' Dbb ' Dbc ' L Dbi )L (Dna ' Dnb ' Dnc ' L Dki )
k: total conductors in phase B line i: total conductors in phase R line
Product of distance between each conductor of B phase and every conductor of R phase

GMD phase = 3 GMDRY GMDYB GMDBR


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GMR phase = 3 GMRR GMRY GMRB GMD phase = 3 GMDRY GMDYB GMDBR

L phase = 2 10 ln

GMD phase GMR phase

H /m

A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

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Use of Tables To Calculate Inductive Reactance


GMD X L = 2fL = 2f 2 10 ln /m GMR
7

GMD X L = 2.022 10 f ln / mi GMR


3

This value for a stranded conductor is given in inches in standard table

Use GMR as given in table instead of r


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GMD X L = 2.022 10 f ln / mi GMR


3

1 X L = 2.022 10 f ln + 2.022 10 3 f ln GMD / mi GMR


3

Xa inductive reactance at 1 ft spacing

Xd inductive reactance spacing factor

These values are directly given in the standard data table


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Important
In standard data table, GMR of stranded conductor (as shown) is given (in inches). In this case, use this GMR value in all formulae instead of r (or 0.7788 x r) to calculate GMR of bundle
r

If conductor is a solid conductor, with radius given as r, r = 0.7788 x r should be used in all formulae to calculate GMR of bundle

A. R. Abhyankar, IIT Delhi (2011)

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