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(c) government (political authority); and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states (diplomat recognition or sovereignty).
A PERMANENT POPULATION
A state is an organization of human beings living together as a community. The population of a state comprises all individuals who, in principle, inhabit the territory in a permanent way. It may consist of nationals and foreigners. As has repeatedly been pointed out by doctrine, the requirement of a population is not necessarily an equivalent of the requirement of nationality. The population of a state need not be completely homogeneous in culture, language, race or otherwise. Indeed, it is even rare, except for Micro-States, to find a State with a homogeneous people. International law does not require a minimum number of inhabitants constituting a State. The smallest number of nationals in a Micro-State can be found in Nauru and in Monaco. This figure can be even lower if we take into account that theoretically Pitcairn with 52 inhabitants has the right to opt for statehood by virtue of its right to self-determination. No reservations have been made by the international community with respect to statehood because of the limited number of nationals of Micro-States, even if the nationals were outnumbered by foreign residents.
A DEFINED TERRITORY
The functions of a State, a political and legal community of human beings, must first of all be exercised in a given territory. Territory is a geographical area that is owned and controlled by a government or country to exercise such state sovereignty. Therefore, most of legal professors give and conclude the definition of the territory that territory clearly comprises and refers to land territory which belongs to state and individuals, internal waters and territorial sea (straits) which state claims for sovereignty, and the airspace above this territory. It is required that the State must consist of a certain coherent territory effectively governed and the territory of a State need not be exactly fixed by definite frontiers. “A defined geographical area” the existence of Micro-State with minimum land territory such as Monaco (1.95 square kilometer), and the Vatican City (0.44 square kilometer) leads to the conclusion that no minimum size is required for the territory, as this element was never a reason for denying statehood.
The government is the executive branch of the state and has the role to administer the state uniformly in the following aspects: political, economic, social, cultural, use of natural resources, environmental protection, national defense and security, and foreign affairs. Form of state is defined depending on the constitution drafted, generally structure of state can be divided into: unitary state and federal state, this probably affects the government in exercising limit on its power.
Sovereignty is the quality of having supreme. It can be found in a power to rule and make law that rests on a political fact for which no purely legal explanation can be provided. Noynoy at the moment) Department of Justice – Leila de Lima Department of Labor and Employment – Rosalinda Baldoz Department of Agrarian Reform – Virgilio de los Reyes Department of National Defense – Voltaire Gazmin National Economic and Development Authority Director General – Cayetano Paderanga Jr. Armin Luistro Department of Energy – Jose Rene D. The definition of “the Sovereignty” is quite similar to “the Independence” and they mostly used along together. independent authority over a territory. Enrique Ona Department of Interior and Local Government – pending (Pres. Department of Public Works and Highways – Rogelio Singson Department of Science and Technology – Mario Montejo Department of Social Welfare and Development – Corazon Soliman Department of Tourism – Alberto Lim Department of Trade and Industry – Gregory Domingo Department of Transportation and Communication – Jose “Ping” de Jesus Commissioner of the Bureau of Internal Revenue – Kim Jacinto-Henares Chairman of Commission on Higher Education – Patricia Liguanan Presidential Legal Counsel – Eduardo de Mesa Presidential Spokesman – Edwin Lacierda . Here are the new official cabinet members of the Philippines (2010): Executive Secretary – Paquito “Jojo” Ochoa Jr. Department of Foreign Affairs – Alberto Romulo Department of Agriculture – Proceso Alcala Department of Budget and Management – Florencio “Butch” Abad Department of Education – Rev. Almendras Department of Environment and Natural Resources – Ramon Paje Department of Finance – Cesar Purisima Department of Health – Dr. Cabinet Members of the Philippines under President Noynoy Aquino President Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III named the members of his Cabinet.
There were attempts . Thus. can lead to abuse. as well as the Vice-President. the Legislative. a veritable kindling to the passionate fires of anarchy. The term of office of the President. It abhors the concentration of power on one or a few. bureaus and offices. He represents the government as a whole and sees to it that all laws are enforced by the officials and employees of his department. As head of the Executive Department.each branch being supreme in its own sphere but with constitutional limits and a firm tripod of checks and balances . subject only to the mechanisms of checks and balances. “A Republican form of government rests on the conviction that sovereignty should reside in the people and that all government authority must emanate from them.Presidential Management Staff Chief – Julia Abad Presidential Adviser on Peace Process – Teresita Deles Branches of government he Philippines is a democratic and republican state. Under the existing Presidential form of government. but it also shuns a direct and unbridled rule by the people. As a republic state. the legislative and the judiciary. when absolute. sovereignty resides in the People and all government authority emanates from them. bureau and office or interfere with the discretion of its officials. He has control over the executive department. There are three branches of government: the executive. the executive and legislative branches are entirely separate.” Executive Branch The executive branch is headed by the President. is six (6) years. he is granted administrative power over bureaus and offices under his control to enable him to discharge his duties effectively. This means that he has the authority to assume directly the functions of the executive department. and the Judiciary . the President is the Chief Executive. who is elected by a direct vote of the people. The President exercises general supervision over all local government units and is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. Our people have accepted this notion and decided to delegate the basic state authority to principally three branches of government — the Executive. Corollary to the power of control. cognizant that power. the President also has the duty of supervising the enforcement of laws for the maintenance of general peace and public order.
alter or repeal laws (see also the definition of "legislative power")." is three (3) years. in divisions of three. in its discretion. regional and sect oral parties or organizations. and those who are elected through a party-list system of registered national. The Senate is composed of twenty-four (24) Senators. is the Congress. prescribe and apportion the jurisdiction of the various courts. The most recent petition that reached the Supreme Court is Lambino vs. but these moves were struck down by the Supreme Court. COMELEC. . The term of office of the Senators is six (6) years. is composed of not more than two hundred and fifty (250) members. also called "Congressmen. who are elected from legislative districts apportioned among the provinces. unless otherwise fixed by law.to amend the Constitution in order to shift to a parliamentary system. the Congress is composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The House of Representatives. five or seven members. on the other hand. who are elected at large by the qualified voters of the Philippines. The Supreme Court is composed of a Chief Justice and fourteen Associate Justices. which has the authority to make. Legislative Branch The legislative branch. Congress cannot deprive the Supreme Court of its jurisdiction provided in the Constitution. While Congress has the power to define. Judiciary Judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court and in such lower courts as may be established by law. It may sit en banc or. The term of office of members of the House of Representatives. Under a bicameral system. cities and the Metropolitan Manila area.