Batch production

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search This article does not cite any references or sources.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2009)
Part of a series of articles on


Manufacturing methods
Batch production • Job production Continuous production

Improvement methods
LM • TPM • QRM • VDM TOC • Six Sigma • RCM

Information & communication
ISA-88 • ISA-95 • ERP SAP • IEC 62264 • B2MML

Process control

Batch production is the manufacturing technique of creating a group of components at a workstation before moving the group to the next step in production. Batch production is common in bakeries and in the manufacture of sports shoes, pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), inks, paints and adhesives. In the manufacture of inks and paints, a technique called a colour-run is used. A colour-run is where one manufactures the lightest colour first, such as light yellow followed by the next increasingly darker colour such as orange, then red and so on until reaching black and then starts over again. This minimizes the cleanup and reconfiguring of the machinery between each batch. White (by which is meant opaque paint, not transparent ink) is the only

[edit] Advantages and Disadvantages There are several advantages of batch production. tire. and its output tested before the next batch can be produced. then the producer can cease production without having to sustain huge losses. and process industry (CPT) segment uses a combination of batch and process manufacturing depending the product and plant. it can reduce initial capital outlay because a single production line can be used to produce several products. products for which it is difficult to forecast demand. re-configured. batch production can be useful for small businesses who cannot afford to run continuous production lines. There are inefficiencies associated with batch production as equipment must be stopped. For example. many of the same model cars can be made at the same time without stop.colour that cannot be used in a colour-run because a small amount of white pigment can adversely affect the medium colours. If a retailer buys a batch of a product that does not sell. Cycle time variation is a Lean Manufacturing metric. a trial run for production. Idle time between batches is known as downtime. As shown in the example. reducing manufacturing cost. The chemical. Batch production is also useful for a factory that makes seasonal items. Continuous production is used for products that are made in a similar manner. or products that have a high profit margin. a certain car model has the same body shape and therefore. The time between consecutive batches is known as cycle time. Batch production also has disadvantages. .