You are on page 1of 4

What is a verb phrase?

Definition Here are two senses for verb phrase: 1. In traditional terminology, a verb phrase is a phrase that has the syntactic role of a simple verb, and is composed of a main verb and auxiliary verbs or verbal particles related syntactically to the verb. 2. In generative grammar, a verb phrase is a syntactic unit that corresponds to the predicate. In addition to the verb, this includes auxiliaries, objects, object complements, and other constituents apart from the subject What is a phrase?

Definition A phrase is a syntactic structure that consists of more than one word but lacks the subject-predicate organization of a clause. Discussion Allowance may be made on a theory-specific basis for single-word, minimal instances of phrases. Example: A noun as a minimal instance of a noun phrase. Kinds Here are some kinds of phrases: What is an adpositional phrase? What is a noun phrase? What is a pronominal? What is a verb phrase?

What is a verb? (Linguistics)

Definition A verb is a member of the syntactic class of words that typically signal events and actions constitute, singly or in a phrase, a minimal predicate in a clause

and o o o o o Kinds

govern the number and types of other constituents which may occur in the clause, in inflectional languages, may be inflected for tense aspect voice modality, or agreement with other constituents in person number, or grammatical gender.

Here are some kinds of verbs: What is a Preposition? A preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. The word or phrase that the preposition introduces is called the object of the preposition. A preposition usually indicates the temporal, spatial or logical relationship of its object to the rest of the sentence as in the following examples: The book is on the table. The book is beneath the table. The book is leaning against the table. The book is beside the table. She held the book over the table. She read the book during class. In each of the preceding sentences, a preposition locates the noun "book" in space or in time. A prepositional phrase is made up of the preposition, its object and any associated adjectives or adverbs. A prepositional phrase can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. The most common prepositions are "about," "above," "across," "after," "against," "along," "among," "around," "at," "before," "behind," "below," "beneath," "beside," "between," "beyond," "but," "by," "despite," "down," "during," "except," "for," "from," "in," "inside," "into," "like," "near," "of," "off," "on," "onto," "out," "outside," "over," "past," "since," "through," "throughout," "till," "to," "toward," "under," "underneath," "until," "up," "upon," "with," "within," and "without." Each of the highlighted words in the following sentences is a preposition: The children climbed the mountain without fear. In this sentence, the preposition "without" introduces the noun "fear." The prepositional phrase "without fear" functions as an adverb describing how the children climbed. There was rejoicing throughout the land when the government was defeated. Here, the preposition "throughout" introduces the noun phrase "the land." The prepositional phrase acts as an adverb describing the location of the rejoicing. The spider crawled slowly along the banister. The preposition "along" introduces the noun phrase "the banister" and the prepositional phrase "along the banister" acts as an adverb, describing where the spider crawled. The dog is hiding under the porch because it knows it will be punished for chewing up a new pair of shoes.

Here the preposition "under" introduces the prepositional phrase "under the porch," which acts as an adverb modifying the compound verb "is hiding." The screenwriter searched for the manuscript he was certain was somewhere in his office. Similarly in this sentence, the preposition "in" introduces a prepositional phrase "in his office," which acts as an adverb describing the location of the missing papers. Written by Heather MacFadyen Prepositional phrases atau frase preposisi adalah frase yang terdiri dari preposisi dan objek preposisi (object of the preposition). Objek preposisi dalam frase preposisi dapat berupa noun, pronoun, atau noun phrases. Contoh frase preposisi: - on the internet - in the room - by the ocean - near the window - over the cabinet - with us - in your ear - under your hat - below sea level Pada kenyataannya dalam suatu kalimat, frase preposisi bisa memiliki jumlah kata yang lebih banyak, tergantung panjang objek preposisi atau jumlah kata yang menyertai preposisi dalam menyampaikan maksud suatu kalimat. Contohnya: - near the violently swaying oak trees - on account of his nearly depleted bank account Dalam kalimat, frase preposisi tidak hanya berfungsi sebagai frase preposisi sendiri, tapi juga dapat berfungsi sebagai adjektiva dan adverbia. Frase preposisi yang berperan sebagai adjektiva disebut frase adjektiva. Seperti halnya adjektiva, frase adjektiva juga berfungsi menerangkan noun atau pronoun. Untuk mengetahui suatu frase preposisi itu berfungsi sebagai frase adjektiva, ajukan pertanyaan seperti Which one? atau What kind? untuk mengenali dalam suatu kalimat. Contoh frase preposisi sebagai frase adjektiva: - The [cost of the jeans] was surprisingly high. - The [clown with the mask] terrifies the children. - The [man in the house] rented it. Frase preposisi yang berperan sebagai adverbia disebut frase adverbia. Sama halnya dengan adverbia, frase adverbia juga berfungsi menerangkan verb, adjective, atau adverb.

Untuk mengetahui suatu frase preposisi berfungsi sebagai frase adverbia, dapat diajukan pertanyaan seperti Where? When? In what manner To what extent? untuk mengenalinya dalam suatu kalimat. Contoh frase preposisi sebagai frase adverbia: - The Mets [played at Shea Stadium.] - The game [lasted into the fourteenth inning.] - He [went in the arena.] - Dad was [happy about the goal.] - On reflection, I believe that she was correct. Dua atau lebih frase preposisi dapat digabungkan dengan menggunakan coordinating conjunctions. Contohnya: - The resort is [beside the mountain and by the lake.] - You can usually find Macho Marvin [in the steam room, on the exercise bike, or under the barbells.]