Five Reasons to Adopt Layer 2 Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Networks Now

A white paper issued by: Siemens® Networks Dr. Hans-Juergen Schmidtke, VP of Optical Transport Alan Gibbemeyer, Director, Next Generation Networks BU

study suggests that an Ethernetover-optical network costs about half as much to operate as a legacy SONET/SDH Together. DWDM’s key advantages are its ability to easily transport these newer data protocols and effectively collapse current network overlays by eliminating optical-electrical-optical (O-E-O) conversions.Executive Summary A new network is emerging for delivering media-rich and bandwidth-hungry content. as well as the long-run operational costs. applications and services. OEO conversions are the major cost drivers in today’s transport network. Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 2 of 18 . newer protocols such as Gigabit Ethernet (GigE). From a topology and service delivery point of view. Such practices as stacking SONET/SDH rings to increase capacity are complex and costly. meshed capable Ethernet and meshed DWDM layer is the perfect match. these advances offer increased flexibility. Ethernet Forum (MEF) With data traffic exploding and now dwarfing the Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)-based demands. In fact. one. are overloaded. while Ethernet-over-SONET/SDH protocol A Metro conversions waste tremendous bandwidth. In addition. a move to pure packet-based transport over Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) has significant economic benefit by avoiding packet to TDM conversions at each node. reduced operational complexity and lower equipment costs compared with today’s widespread SONET/SDH infrastructure. Traditional SONET (Synchronous Optical NETwork)/SDH (Synchronous Digital Hierarchy) architectures. Aside from its high bandwidth capacity. a Metro Ethernet Forum (MEF) study suggests that an Ethernet–over-optical network costs about half as much to operate as a legacy SONET/SDH one. developed for the narrowband world of a generation ago. 10GigE and Fibre Channel are coming forward alongside advances in smart DWDM technology. both in terms of investment CAPEX.

Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 3 of 18 .

Detect Problems Automatically and Resolve Them Faster Across the Entire Network By combining packet-processing intelligence and optical-wavelength assignment into a single.This paper identifies five compelling reasons service providers should consider implementing Layer 2 Ethernet Switching over DWDM now: 1. Improve Resource Use to Achieve Optimal Bandwidth Efficiency 3. achieve optimal bandwidth efficiency and gain nearly limitless scalability. unified system – e. while sharpening their competitive edge and reducing customer churn. These advantages make a business case for DWDM especially compelling for metro and regional applications. and applications more cost-effectively. the price-performance of Layer 2 Ethernet Switching over DWDM can help service providers deliver content. and for network operators who may have considered DWDM solely a long-haul transport technology. Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 4 of 18 . make better use of their resources. services. Automate Network Management for Scalability and Reduced Operating Expenses 5. Simplify End-to-End Provisioning to Speed Time to Market 4. Layer 2 Ethernet Switching over DWDM – service providers can achieve significant operational savings..g. In effect. Eliminate Network Layers While Reducing Complexities and Equipment Costs 2.

..............18 Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 5 of 18 ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................16 3.13 #4: Automate Network Management for Scalability and Reduced Operating Expenses ............................................ Five Reasons to Adopt Layer 2 Switching Over DWDM............................................................ Conclusion ............................................16 4.............................................10 #1: Eliminate Network Layers While Reducing Complexities and Equipment Costs ........................ Abbreviations and Acronyms............................................................................15 #5: Detect Problems Automatically and Resolve Them Faster Across the Entire Network ......................................Table of Contents 1..................................... Situation Analysis .........................6 2.............................................12 #3: Simplify End-to-End Provisioning to Speed Time to Market ...........11 #2: Improve Resource Use to Achieve Optimal Bandwidth Efficiency ...........

3G/mobility. service providers are building out their metro and regional networks to handle today’s demands while both supporting legacy TDM services and keeping an eye on tomorrow’s needs. Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 6 of 18 . this environment will enable consumers and businesses to access whatever content. applications. In response. it needs ingest and streaming to be separated for the sake of efficiency and Quality of Service (QoS) / Quality of Experience (QoE) guarantees. IP video telephony. data and video. triple-play voice. the so-called smart home. Service providers have quickly realized the legacy technologies in today’s Metro Area Networks (MANs) lack the dynamic functionality and scalability to handle the ever-increasing bandwidth demands from the access network at the requisite QoS / QoE level. along with colossal storage capacities. So what do they want? New and exciting IP-based content. applications and services such as IPTV (Internet Protocol TV). and services they want – whenever and wherever they want them. multi-player networkbased gaming and more. Ethernet on the rise Of course. and entertainment environment. all this generates packet traffic – Ethernet.1. more and more – that needs massive and independently scalable real-time ingest and streaming capabilities. Fully realized. communications. Video on Demand (VOD). Situation Analysis A dynamic market shift is taking place toward a much richer and increasingly personalized everything-on-demand information. Plus.

demand for optical equipment is now rapidly accelerating again as service providers around the world have begun to consume the excess network capacity that resulted from the massive network expansion they began in the mid-1990s.but to convey them through the same fiber over multiple wavelengths to better utilize almost unlimited fiber-optic capacity. they require massive real-time ingest capabilities as well as the separation and independent scaling of streaming/ingest and storage capacity. DWDM transport networks reduce fiber requirements by unlocking the embedded capacity of existing fiber infrastructures.not to transmit signals just on a single wavelength . blocks” that offer costefficiency. and are starting projects to leverage recent technological advances to deliver on the promise of everything-on-demand and the increasingly high-definition. The idea is to use fiber . the adoption of these new services. service providers need to move away from legacy transport networks such as SONET/SDH and Frame Relay toward highly reliable and intelligent DWDM networks. Operators have to figure out how to cost-effectively move these multiple-service offerings without compromising operational efficiency. that service providers are faced with is finding the right carriergrade network elements or “building DWDM on the march In order to remain competitive today. personalized TV. simplified operations and scalability to meet the exponentially increasing bandwidth demands resulting from After a long period of stagnation and decline in the last years. For example. simplified operations and scalability to meet the exponentially increasing bandwidth demands resulting from the adoption of these new services.These new IP-based services and applications require a flexible transport infrastructure to handle their unique network demands and requirements. Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 7 of 18 . The challenge The challenge that service providers are faced with is finding the right carrier-grade network elements or “building blocks” that offer cost-efficiency.

A DWDM network. they risk their ability to play in this new world of everything on demand and personalized user experiences. North Am erica Metro WDM Revenue (USD Million)* 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 CY 2003 CY 2004 CY 2005 Even service providers who traditionally *Source: Infonetics Research did not need DWDM networks The reason for this strong growth is that DWDM offers greater transport and operational efficiencies. media-rich content. enables service providers to achieve operational efficiencies and savings while also positioning themselves for future revenue-generating services. such as GigE and 10 GigE. Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 8 of 18 . and services in a cost-effective and reliable way. Otherwise. Even service providers who traditionally did not need DWDM networks should consider them today in order to deliver these new. Because of its bit-rate and protocol-independent nature. and services in a costeffective and reliable way.The next graph illustrates the continuous rapid sales growth of Wave Division Multiplexing gear in North America from the latest Infonetics Research. should consider them today in order to deliver these new. when combined with Layer 2 Ethernet switches. media-rich content. applications. applications. in their native formats. service providers can collapse current overlays and seamlessly support the increasingly ubiquitous newer low-cost protocols.

January 2006.1 From the network economics analysis that Siemens has performed to date. On the optical core side. about 30 percent in capital savings can be realized when an automated DWDM regime replaces a legacy transport network. Capital expenditure savings when an automated DWDM replaces a legacy transport network. when combined with GigE and wire-speed Layer 2 Ethernet switches. A recent detailed study suggested that 70 percent capital savings is possible when Carrier Ethernet replaces legacy ATM access networks. The savings come from 1 Billing World and OSS Today. According to a Metro Ethernet Forum (MEF) study based on a three-year build-out of a medium-sized metro area network. we estimate the capital savings potential of L2 Ethernet over DWDM to be approximately 40-45 percent. “Metro Ethernet Finally Delivers. a network based on optical Ethernet design principles costs 49 percent less to operate than a legacy SONET/SDH-based network. are significant.” Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 9 of 18 . assuming that 20 percent of the cost is attributed to access and 80 percent to core optics.The cost savings of a DWDM network.

resulting in an up to 80 percent savings of operational expenses over time. Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 10 of 18 . Another big advancement comes from distributed control mechanisms like Generalized Multi-protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) that help provide intelligent management of data capacity and throughput. This results in an inherently more reliable and scalable system able to handle tomorrow’s ever-growing bandwidth demands most cost effectively. On top of the capital savings. Together these innovations can provide increased flexibility. In addition. These include systems incorporating ROADMs (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexers).reduced optical-electrical-optical (O-E-O) conversion plus the initial build capital reduction due to future-proof and scalable network design. reduced operational complexity. and even PXCs (Photonic Cross Connect) that enable a transparent optical mesh architecture. and lower equipment costs through the reduction of DWDM transport network components. A completely integrated network employing Layer 2 Ethernet Switching over DWDM allows for dynamic data capacity and throughput sharing/distribution across multiple server ports. 2. which more than make up for their cost by eliminating the need for costly O-E-O conversions. human effort is also reduced for service provisioning and operations. make better use of network resources and provide simple end-to-end provisioning. significant technology advancements are occurring in the areas of intelligent optical DWDM line systems. blades and complexes. Layer 2 Ethernet switching can be integrated with DWDM optical transport systems to cut costs. Five Reasons to Adopt Layer 2 Switching Over DWDM Whether networks are TDM-based or packet-based.

For example. Especially effective is this packet-based technology.Although there are many reasons to adopt Layer 2 Ethernet Switching over DWDM. and switching. traffic that needs switching or routing can be dropped to an appropriate device while traffic that does not benefit from a sub-lambda packet processing can be optically switched. minimizing wavelength usage. it requires less network elements and therefore is much easier to manage and operate. Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 11 of 18 . Now add to that carrier-grade Layer 2 Ethernet for transport. ROADMs can eliminate the complex O-E-O layer. such as the ideal placement of aggregation and grooming sites to share the resources in the optical and electrical layers. due to the fact that the next generation network applications are typically native packet-based applications. putting carrier-grade Ethernet over DWDM allows for a very cost-optimized solution. this collapsing of the optical network layers dramatically reduces network complexities and operating costs. For example. aggregation. the top five most compelling reasons why service providers should consider deploying this next generation optical network technology today are as follows: #1: Eliminate Network Layers While Reducing Complexities and Equipment Costs A DWDM optical transport network can extend from the core to the edge and access networks. A costly transformation from packet to TDM and back is being avoided and a full layer of transformation is eliminated. Carrier Ethernet has proven to reduce costs in terms of capital expenses as well as operating expenses without compromising the availability of the delivered services and QoS. thereby reducing the number of network elements. Again. In effect.

A two-system architecture (illustrated below) would require the flows to be broken up according to service level. and then protected differently. The key. effectively collapsing the network. Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 12 of 18 . #2: Improve Resource Use to Achieve Optimal Bandwidth Efficiency A fully integrated Layer 2 Ethernet over DWDM network can adapt to varying traffic demands and provide per-flow protection without packet restrictions – necessary requirements for a multi-service environment. is creating the optimal mix of port protection and mix of QoS supported on a single system.In addition. By combining the packet-processing intelligence and optical-wavelength assignment into a single system. resulting in underutilized ports. An integrated Layer 2 over DWDM network allows these services to be separated. a collapsed Layer 2 Ethernet over DWDM network uses less power.Layer ULH / Regional Core Ethernet as service and transport technology Access © Siemens March 2006 8 A two-system DWDM network with Ethernet as a transport technology. The end result is a cost-effective system that makes better use of its resources. Collapsing of layers and technologies: L2 over DWDM Content Residentia Business Ethernet is a very cost-effective and performance optimized solution L5-L7 L4 Unified optical network layer IP VPN. IP VPLS L0/L1 L2 L3 DWDM DWDM OSI. again. service providers can avoid excessive inventory as well as the restrictions imposed by per-port protection. less rack space and offers very high scalability at a much lower cost than traditional TDM-based networks.

Collapsing of layers and technologies: L2 over DWDM Content Residentia Business L1 L2 L3 L4 L5-L7 DWDM OSI.However. #3: Simplify End-to-End Provisioning to Speed Time to Market Service providers require highly automated optical systems in order to provision new services. for example. That’s why simple. and add capacity as needed. troubleshoot quickly. An ideal solution. This means. easy-touse tools that provide automated end-to-end provisioning are so valuable. A regional or core network with Layer 2 Ethernet over DWDM can benefit by keeping within the optical layer those wavelengths that don't require LER/LSR routing while traffic requiring LSR is dropped out to a "switching" portion of the DWDM system. only traffic that requires switching leaves the optical layer – a significant savings in both capital and operational expenses. a collapsed network (illustrated below) overcomes the two-shelf restrictions and aggregates the flow directly into the DWDM optical transport wavelengths to optimize bandwidth efficiency and costs.Layer DWDM Ethernet as transport technology ULH / Regional Corefor content delivery Access Business © Siemens March 2006 9 A collapsed Layer 2 over DWDM Network always transports data on the lowest possible layer. would deliver one software control platform for easy and fast end- Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 13 of 18 .

time-to-market goals with new services. With a With a collapsed network. With a simplified end-to-end provisioning system. Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 14 of 18 . Reconfiguration or installation of new channels is done continuously within the software suite while SLA data can be monitored and logged automatically and verified via the network. service providers can offer the highest service availability to increase customer satisfaction and reduce churn. Faster time to market. time-to-market Automation Implement service in network management Switch on service & clear for customer Days Days <5min <5min goals with new services. Work orders are issued automatically and sent from the network manager down to the network elements.to-end provisioning – from network planning to the final step of verifying a Service Level Agreement (SLA). simplified endto-end provisioning system. planning and configuration tools are linked via software interfaces to make sure the link is installed exactly as planned. service providers can offer the highest service Example of ease of use – HiT 7300 can provision a new wavelength by noon Today’s process Customer request availability to increase w/ simplified end-to-end provisioning <2h customer satisfaction and reduce churn. faster return on investment Page 1 August-06 Example of a simplified end-to-end provisioning system for Layer 2 over DWDM Networks. while achieving record-setting. offering minimal fault-prone human intervention. while achieving Days Hardware Days <2h record-setting.

In order to support SONET and SDH interfaces. Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 15 of 18 . The system should be able to scale within wide limits to provide customized and costoptimized network management solutions. thus providing a seamless extension of the existing management network. It should also support the new generation Multi-service Provisioning Platform (MSPP) networks. and should be flexible enough to stand alone or be integrated into the NMS (Network Management System). allowing for further reduction in operating expenses. the network management system can be integrated into virtually any high or low-level management system. Data layer management – Layer 2 switches. By supporting open and standard interfaces. as well as an overall network view of the complete next generation optical network. for example – Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs) or Resilient Packet Ring (RPR) networks are handled within a single network management platform. TDM circuit emulation support is required.#4: Automate Network Management for Scalability and Reduced Operating Expenses A single. automated network management system within a Layer 2 Ethernet over DWDM network can provide full support for all management tasks from the element layer to the service layer. This “pay-as-you-grow” concept allows operators to start with a cost-effective system and gradually add more growth as the network demand increases.

For example. eliminating unnecessary alarms in the network and resolving problems more quickly. they are struggling with how to cost-effectively deliver on the promise of these new services and applications without compromising operational efficiency. repetitive alarm suppression. alarm filtering. A collapsed network is able to correlate and isolate the problem to the direct source much faster. in their native formats. a much higher resiliency and drastically simplified operations can be achieved. It also immediately pinpoints critical issues with powerful alarm logging. multi-service world. In addition. many service providers have deployed DWDM networks as the underlying and enabling Layer 0/1 optical technology. transponders. and with service providers increasingly reaching their network capacity. While it may seem obvious that the network demand is moving to Layer 2 or IP over DWDM. An integrated solution can support very intelligent protection mechanisms with shared protection over different OSI layers. such as GigE/10 GigE and Fibre Channel. enhanced alarm correlation and troubleshooting simplify the network-level for root-cause determination and problem resolution across the entire DWDM network. 3. and intelligent root-cause alarm correlation functions across packet and optical domains. which lets them collapse current overlays and easily support new low-cost protocols. Circuit emulation Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 16 of 18 . a dropped signal typically causes alarms to go off everywhere in the network – across amplifiers. Conclusion The industry is rapidly moving toward a bandwidth-intensive. multiplexers. Over the past five years. there are problems in network migration for service providers.#5: Detect Problems Automatically and Resolve Them Faster Across the Entire Network With a Layer 2 Ethernet over DWDM network. and other network elements.

The tendency is moving toward circuit emulation for the best economic solution. combined with Layer 2 Ethernet switching allows for unprecedented dynamic data capacity and throughput sharing and distribution across multiple ports. The Layer 2 Ethernet packet switch technology is especially optimized for the next generation network traffic that is dominantly and natively packet-based. These capabilities enable service providers to drastically cut equipment and operational costs. reduce complexities in the network by eliminating/collapsing layers within the network.with Ethernet/IP transport or overlay packet and TDM with TDM as the transport technology are the two main options available to maintain legacy services. The DWDM transport network. blades and complexes. offer the highest service availability through a single-automated network management approach that gives an overall view of the complete next generation optical network. Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 17 of 18 . make better use of network resources to achieve optimal bandwidth efficiency. and drastically improved resiliency and availability. and easily scale to handle tomorrow’s nearly limitless bandwidth demands.

4. Abbreviations and Acronyms CAPEX DCC DWDM GigE GMPLS IP IPTV LER LSR MAN MEF MSPP NMS O-E-O OPEX PXC QoS QoE RPR ROADM SDH SLA SONET TDM TNMS VLAN VOD Capital Expenditures Data Communications Channel Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing Gigabit Ethernet Generalized Multi-protocol Label Switching Internet Protocol Internet Protocol TV Label Edge Router Label Switched Router Metro Area Network Metro Ethernet Forum Multi-service Provisioning Platform Network Management System Optical in Electrical processing Optical out Operational Expenditures Photonic Cross Connect Quality of Service Quality of Experience Resilient Packet Ring Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer Synchronous Digital Hierarchy Service Level Agreement Synchronous Optical NETwork Time Division Multiplexing Telecommunications Management System Virtual Local Area Network Video on Demand Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 18 of 18 .

flexible. It includes industry-leading traffic management. It offers a full range of transponders. resulting in higher efficiency. and ROADMs that allow for tailored solutions for any kind of network size and architecture. Siemens® Ethernet Switching Over DWDM Page 19 of 18 . By supporting open and standard interfaces. backed by guaranteed SLA delivery. and service layer extremely efficiently. Next Generation Multi-haul DWDM Platform – SURPASS hiT 7300 The SURPASS hiT 7300 is a flexible and cost-efficient 40-channel DWDM transport platform optimized for high-capacity transport within regional and long-haul networks.5 Gbit/s. 10 Gbit/s and 40 Gbit/s per wavelength. SURPASS hiT 7300’s key building blocks include terminal. Automated Network Management System – TNMS (Telecommunications Network Management System) TNMS is the management system for next generation optics. SAN. enabling service providers to offer revenue-generating quality services to their customers on a DWDM converged network. optical line repeaters. enabling Ethernet (GigE and 10 GigE). and the TNMS network management system). error-free routine operations and reduced staff training time – and lowering over all costs and operating expenses. TDM and OTH services. network. Siemens’ family of Carrier Ethernet switches have been certified as compliant with specification 14 of the Metro Ethernet Forum. This next-generation multi-haul DWDM platform also offers a high degree of modularity. and scalable networks. enabling the roll-out of high-bandwidth. The TNMS carries out all common management functions in the element. pay-as-you-grow strategy and guaranteeing a fast return on investment. It provides an easy-tounderstand overall network view and simple network navigation coupled with uniform fault. allowing for further reduction in operating expenses. which drastically reduces operational costs and speeds return on investment. Carrier Ethernet Switches – SURPASS hiD 6630/50/70 Series The Carrier Ethernet switches platform – the SURPASS hiD 6630/50/70 series – is designed to meet the requirements of metro aggregation and metro core carrier grade networks. OADMs. configuration and security. SURPASS hiT 7300 offers comprehensive automation and customization of network handling within one common DWDM platform. It is designed and optimized for bit rates of 2. TNMS can be easily integrated into different management network scenarios. enabling an easily scalable.Appendix: The Siemens® Family of Integrated Layer 2 over DWDM Products The Siemens family of integrated Layer 2 switching over DWDM products are based on Siemens' SURPASS® Transparent Optical Networks solution (including the SURPASS hiT 7300 and SURPASS hiD 6630/50/70 series DWDM platforms. Its ergonomically designed and intuitive user interface creates a new dimension in operating convenience. and performance management.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful