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INTRODUCTION: GRATITUDE stems from the Latin ‘Gratia’, meaning grateful and pertaining to kindness and the beauty of giving and receiving, gratitude is the most common discrete positive affect, experienced by more than 90% of adults (Chipperfield, Perry & Weiner, 2003). Gratitude is cognitive and emotional reaction arising from noticing and appreciating the benefits that one has received. The sources of the perceived benefits that lead to gratitude are diverse and include (a) Direct help, (b) Tangible possessions, (c) Positive relationships, (d) Being positive in a given moment, and (e) Doing well compared to others (Wood, Maltby, Stewart, & Joseph, 2008). State gratitude appears to have three functions (McCullough, Kilpatrick, Emmons, & Larson, 2001). First, gratitude acts as a “moral barometer” occurring after aid is received (Wood, Maltby, Stewart, Linley, & Joseph, 2008). Second, gratitude acts as a “moral motivator”, encouraging the repayment of aid (Tsang, 2006). Third, gratitude acts as a “moral reinforcer”, motivating people who have been thanked to give more aid in the future (Rind & Bordia, 1995). Taken together, the research suggests that gratitude has an important function in regulating fairness behaviors associated with giving and receiving with help, suggesting a possible evolutionary function of the emotion. Cheerfulness is way of conceptualizing sense of humor, which focuses on the emotional component and the playful, and non-serious character of humor (Howard Leventhal and Martin Safer, 1977) Trait cheerfulness is an affective trait or temperament involving a prevalence of cheerful mood. Recently Willibad Ruch and his colleagues have adopted this perspective in their investigation of trait cheerfulness, which they view as the temperamental basis sense of humor. In this view, individual differences in sense of humor are based on presumably innate, habitual differences in cheerfulness, seriousness and bad mood. Individuals who would typically be viewed as having a sense of humour would be those who are low on seriousness trait. Ruch and his colleagues constructed the trait form of the State-Trait Cheerfulnes Inventory (STCI-T) to assess individual differences in habitual cheerfulness, seriousness, and bad mood (Ruch, Kohler and Van Thriel, 1996). Different styles of humor may have to do with different combinations of the three traits. For example, an acerbic, caustic sense of humor might involve low seriousness, moderate cheerfulness, and high bad mood. On the other hand, people who are easily amused at others’ humor but not very witty themselves might be high on cheerfulness, low on bad mood, and relatively high on seriousness.
Since trait cheerfulness has been shown to be the predictor of robustness of positive mood in experimental studies, this construct also seems to be a potentially useful way of conceptualizing sense of humor as a trait that contributes to coping with stress and enhancing psychological health. As Ruch and Kohler suggested individuals who are high on trait cheerfulness may have a better psychological immune system, protecting them against the negative impact of annoyances and mishaps they meet in everyday life and enabling them to mishaps they meet in everyday life and enabling them to maintain good humor under adversity. This measure would therefore likely be useful in research on physical and mental health benefits of humor, particularly in the context of humor as resilience to psychosocial stress. Happiness is: both positive feelings (such as ecstasy and comfort) and positive activities that have no feeling component at all (such as absorption and engagement). In his happy life formula, Dr. Seligman defines a happy life as a life filled with positive feelings and activities. he says the degree to which you experience these feelings most of the time is your level of enduring happiness. Watkins, Grimm and Kolts (2004) suggested the hallmark of grateful persons is the appreciation of the simple things in life. Numerous studies have shown that personal gratitude contributes to subjective happiness (Emmons & Crumpler, 2000; McCullough et al., 2002; Peterson & Seligman, 2004). This was evidenced in a study that showed subjective happiness was increased simply by counting one’s acts of kindness during the past week (Otake, Shimai, Tanaka-Matsumi, Otsui & Fredrickson, 2006). As an expression of gratitude, acts of kindness have been show to increase happiness over a 10-week period simply by engaging in kind acts such as holding the door for strangers or doing a roommate’s dishes (Tkach, 2005). Lyubomirsky, Sheldon and Schkade (2005) found that acts of kindness over time, as opposed to doing them all in one day, improved happiness levels. Such finding suggests that happiness can be boosted through sustained and intentional gratitudeoriented activities. Stress a medical term for a wide range of strong external stimuli, both physiological and psychological, which can cause a physiological response called the general adaptation syndrome, first described in 1936 by Hans Selye in the journal Nature. Gratitude research is beginning to suggest that feelings of thankfulness have tremendous positive value in helping people cope with daily problems, especially stress,"(Emmons, 2000) Recently, a concerted and broad-based effort was made to examine the impact of a full spectrum of character strengths regarding health and well-being (Peterson & Seligman, 2004). The endeavor revealed that gratitude is among the most beneficial character strengths due to its strong impact on well-being (Park, Peterson & Seligm Gratitude is typically comprised of appreciation, thankfulness, and a sense of wonder (Emmons & Shelton, 2002). It indicates that people can extract the most satisfaction and enjoyment from life events and facilitates positive experiences (Sheldon & Lyubomirsky, 2006). Positive emotions such as gratitude contribute to more favorable cognitive judgments of life-satisfaction and overall well-being (Diener & Larsen, 1993; Buss, 2000; Diener, 2000; Stack, Argyle & Schwarts, 1991; Suh, Diener, Oishi & Triandis, 1998) and experiencing or expressing those emotions have been shown to
) It is expected in female subjects that there will be significant relationship between gratitude and stress. 2002). The results are depicted in a tabular manner and are discussed further.64 7. 2004). gratitude and cheerfulness. c. Kohler.) It is expected that there will be significant relationship between gratitude and cheerfulness. METHODOLOGY: The current study is designed to study the impact of gratitude in relation to gender differences on cheerfulness.9 7. health.) It is expected in male subjects that there will be significant relationship between gratitude and cheerfulness. d. and Tsang.health.stress. gratitude and health.happiness. the Gratitude Questionnaire-6 (McCullough. an. happiness.92 23. gratitude and happiness. gender differences. t-test. gratitude and happiness. and van Threil. stress.6 MALES 29. gratitude and stress.14 30. For this purpose. gratitude and stress. RESULTS: TABLE 1 showing MEAN values of males and females of all psycho-social variables of current study MEAN Gratitude Cheerfulness Stress Happiness Health FEMALES 30.8 . HYPOTHESES: a. and gratitude and gender differences combined. After the data for the 100 participants is collected.28 9 6. stress. happiness. correlation is used for statistical analysis of the results in order to determine the effect of gratitude in relation to gender differences on cheerfulness. It is expected that there will be significant differences in cheerfulness.stress.68 32. Emmons. 1996) and the Rating Scale (Fordyce et al 1999) and stress symptoms scale (Heilbrun $ Pepe 1985) is administered to the sample.4 23. gratitude and health. 2002) and the State-TraitCheerfulness Inventory for youth (Ruch.happiness. The sample for the current investigation consists of 100 participants (where 50 are males and 50 are females) in the age group of 18-25 years. standard deviation. gratitude and happiness.) It is expected that there will be significant gender differences in cheerfulness.further improve well-being and happiness (Fredrickson & Joiner. mean. health as influenced by gratitude. b.health. gratitude and health.
73 13.65 1.558 0.60 1.15 TABLE 3: showing t-values of all psycho-social variables of current study t-test Gratitude Cheerfulness Stress Happiness Health 0.TABLE 2: showing SD values of males and females of all psycho-social variables of current study SD Gratitude Cheerfulness Stress Happiness Health FEMALES 6.472 0.334 .150 0.04 5.266 0.0.495 0.209 0.304 MALES 0.328 .16 2.50 18.0373 TABLE 4: showing correlation in females and males of all psycho-social variables of current study Correlation Gratitude and Cheerfulness Gratitude and Stress Gratitude and Happiness Gratitude and Health FEMALES 0.85 4.59 MALES 5.201 .204 0.85 15.0.604 0.
Women may be more receptive and hence grateful for others’ contributions to their lives.266 which is insignificant and for males is 0.334 . Table 2 shows SD values of males and females of all psychosocial variables of current study. and experimental studies have shown promising results suggesting that gratitude actually enhances well-being.150 which are insignificant. correlation value for gratitude and stress for females is -0. stress.495 which is insignificant. for happiness t-value is 0. correlation value for gratitude and health for females is 0.604 which again came out to be insignificant.171 0.39 0.209 and for males is -0. Lamborghini Baily. for stress t-value is 0. Men tend to be more individualistic and independent than women. for health t-value is 0.0. happiness and health in males and females. consequently there is reason to suspect that women may be more grateful than men. Table 4 show correlation values of all psychosocial variables of current study such as correlation value for gratitude and cheerfulness for females is 0. correlation value for gratitude and happiness for females is 0. while men may believe that they have provided for themselves without the help of others. WA 99004 found that Gratitude to be strongly associated with happiness. Cheney. The insignificant results are may be due to small sample but studies support hypothesis.204 which is insignificant. Table 3 shows t-values of all psycho-social variables of current study such as for Gratitude t-value is 0. for cheerfulness t-value is 0. Table 1 shows MEAN values of males and females of all psychosocial variables of current study. .472 which are significant shows that as gratitude increases happiness also increases.TABLE 5: showing correlation of all subjects for all psycho-social variables of current study Co-relation Gratitude and Cheerfulness Gratitude and Stress Gratitude and Happiness Gratitude and Health Females and Males Combined 0. Philip Watkins) Eastern Washington University.204 which is insignificant.304 and for males is 0.201 which is insignificant. (Dr.26 DISCUSSION: The purpose of the current study was to determine the impact of gratitude on cheerfulness.328 and for males is 0.0373 which is insignificant. But studies support hypothesis as Stan Pichinevskiy.334 which are significant shows that as gratitude increases cheerfulness also increases.
In the 10-week study. correlation value for gratitude and happiness for females and males is 0.392 which are significant shows that as gratitude increases happiness also increases. 2003). students were again assigned to either a grateful condition or a hassles condition. Participants kept daily diaries for 21 days and were associated to either a grateful condition or a “no-manipulation” condition in which only the well-being measures were completed. Walkins. health benefits were not found in the 2-week daily diary study (Emmons and McCullough. reported fewer negative emotions.171 which are insignificant. However. Consequently.Table 5 shows correlation values of all psychosocial variables of current study such as correlation value for gratitude and cheerfulness for females and males is 0. This finding constitutes a further support of the underlying assumption of the study that character strengths. students recorded their responses daily. and were optimistic about the future. correlation value for gratitude and stress for females and males is -0. a question of the chicken and egg still remains and it seems . students in the grateful condition appeared to reap a number of well-being benefits. They reported being more grateful. compared to the no-manipulation group. participants assigned to the grateful condition reported higher overall subjective wellbeing. This assumption is supported by Wood. are able to act as a protective mechanism against psychological difficulties and disorders. participants were asked to think of ways in which they were better off than others. students also reported fewer health problems and increases in both the amount and quality of sleep experienced. more sleep. These changes were corroborated by the reports of others who saw improved well-being among participants in the grateful condition. as compared to participants in the no-manipulation condition (Emmons and McCullough. Perhaps because of the short duration. Results showed that. Joseph and Linley (2007) as well as Peterson and Seligman (2004) who believe that grateful people view the world as a nicer and more pleasant place. more frequent positive emotions. but a downward comparison condition was substituted for the events condition. In another study. people who are grateful may experience less inhibition. Woodward. In a study. Reports from spouses or significant others were also gathered to help validate the self-reports of participants.262 which are significant shows that people who pay gratitude are more healthy. said they felt better about life in general. In this second study. suspicion and resistance to their environments and more active and constructive problem solving which may act as a buffer against the development of different types of psychopathology. Compared to students in the hassles and events condition. adult participants with neuromuscular diseases were recruited through a university neuromuscular disease clinic. correlation value for gratitude and health for females and males is 0. more optimistic views of the future. over a 2 -week period. Stone and Kolts (2003) found a link between gratitude and negative affect: the higher the gratitude that people experienced the less sadness and hopelessness they reported.334 which are significant shows that as gratitude increases cheerfulness also increases. experienced more positive emotions. For downward comparison. sleep of improved quality. in this case gratitude. a reduction in negative emotions. Moreover. and a stronger sense of connection to others. 2003).
it certainly pulls in the right direction by indirectly buffering potential psychopathology. Emmons. However.. It seems that the positive coping style of grateful people explains more of the reduced negative affect such as stress than it does of the positive affect such as increased happiness. Counting blessings versus burdens: An . This finding is in opposition to the previous findings of Peterson and Seligman. those who frequently feel and express gratitude appear to enjoy their work more. when combined. A. to be more optimistic and energetic. (2007).316. (2003). 2006) where gratitude among other character strengths was found to be associated with happiness. The practice of gratitude may also be useful for decreasing materialism. the impact of gender is not significant on cheerfulness. NY: Houghton Mifflin. Ockleford. Specifically. New York. and Emmons (2008) recently conducted the first study examining the positive effects of counting blessings in middle level students and found similarly positive results. and van Threil. Peterson & Seligman. 2006). they found that counting blessings was associated with enhanced selfreported gratitude. and life satisfaction as well as decreased negative emotions among students who kept gratitude journals in comparison to students who did not. 2007). 2008). Park. & Emmons. optimism. R. particularly effortful one that requires a certain level of inner reflection and introspection (Miller.05 level. 2006). Children who are grateful have more positive attitudes toward their families and school (Froh.172. it is possible that there are different mechanisms which operate to both enhance the well being of grateful people as well as reduce their negative emotions. Sefick. Thus. Previous studies also show that there are no significant gender differences in cheerfulness (Ruch. This is further supported by a study of American and Japanese young adults (Shimai. Sefick. For example. and Howells. and hence. E. R. REFERENCES: Emmons. The third F value is 5. Recent research has demonstrated that numerous benefits can be gained by experiencing and expressing gratitude. the second hypothesis is not accepted. M. Most of the work with gratitude journals to date has involved adults. A. Koehler. 2004). the third hypothesis is accepted which shows that gratitude and gender. & McCullough. have a significant impact on cheerfulness. Although coping style is not the primary mechanism that directly relates gratitude to life satisfaction. Thanks! How the new science of gratitude can make you happier. to make progress toward personal goals. and to be more likely to help or support others than individuals who do not experience gratitude (Emmons & McCullough. 1996) though women are encouraged to express cheerfulness related behaviour such as smiling and warmth (Berryman. Froh.impossible to know if life satisfaction is developing out of people’s gratitude and appreciation of things or vice versa. Joseph & Linley. which is significant at the 0. As shown by the second F value of . Coping style was found to be a better mediator in the relationship between gratitude and stress than it was between gratitude and life satisfaction (Wood. Otake.
Watkins. G. P. 67-83. G. . In: I. 167-192). E. & Crumpler. The psychology of gratitude (pp. Emmons & M. K. from Psychology and behavioral sciences collection database.A. Emmons.). 56-69. R. Gratitude and Happiness: Development of a Measure of Gratitude. Faulkner. Phoenix. (2004). L. P. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research.). from Psychology and behavioral sciences collection database. 9. Measurement of the sense of humor [special issue]. P. Canada. The psychology of gratitude. I. 2009. and Relationships with Subjective Well-being. & Kolts. The measurement of state and trait cheerfulness. R. F. & Kolts. Watkins. Presentation to the 83rd Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association. Vancouver. McComb. Retrieved on 15 March. The psychology of gratitude (pp. D. Social Behavior and Personality.empirical investigation of gratitude and subjective well-being in daily life. (2004. McCullough (Eds. Ruch (Ed. & van Thriel (1996). A. Personality predictors of happiness: The importance of gratitude. Emmons & M. 2009. Deary. The Sense of humor: Explorations of a personality characteristic. Fredrickson.. 303-339. Gratitude and subjective well-being. May). (2004). Gratitude as Human Strength: Appraising the evidence. W. In R. New York: Oxford University Press. (2003.L. (2000).. May). 7. New York: Oxford University Press. like other positive emotions. 203-230. Presentation to the 84th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association. P. Köhler. Mervielde. 19. R. Ruch..). Ruch. C. M. Woodward. A.. (2004). G. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. In: W. W. A. G.Tilburg University Press.).. Martin. (1998). Ruch. Assessing the "humorous temperament": Construction of the facet and standard trait forms of the State-Trait-CheerfulnessInventory — STCI. New York: Oxford University Press. McCullough (Eds. Watkins. B. Watkins. D. (1999). E.A. W.). (2003). 31(5). B. Emmons. Ostendorf (Eds.. 84.. C. Retrieved on 8 March. 145-166). R. A temperament approach to humor. In R. C. E. 377-389. & McCullough. Ruch (Ed. Personality Psychology in Europe. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. & Köhler. De Fruyt and F. Are grateful people happy people? Informant judgments of grateful acquaintances. Stone T.. broadens and builds. & Köhler.C.. BC. 431-452. AZ.. In W. Gratitude. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology.
FEMALES GRATITUDE 31 28 42 29 34 33 35 30 28 28 30 35 39 28 14 20 26 21 36 31 31 41 29 30 28 33 36 35 24 27 38 27 31 31 33 22 39 22 32 37 39 38 27 28 33 38 19 30 31 39 CHEERFULNESS 15 22 18 23 20 26 23 32 27 29 22 23 32 14 20 18 24 20 32 19 27 26 15 23 27 30 28 24 26 27 42 28 27 22 24 25 28 24 23 19 25 22 16 15 17 22 13 27 24 29 STRESS 30 53 5 63 46 63 19 7 14 29 26 41 44 69 59 50 55 46 20 8 48 43 97 33 19 20 16 17 10 16 29 20 27 61 24 25 17 30 15 42 31 39 24 24 26 33 37 19 19 24 HAPPINESS 10 7 9 8 7 8 9 10 8 9 6 9 8 9 9 8 5 7 8 7 6 8 8 3 9 10 8 8 9 6 8 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 8 8 8 9 1 9 8 7 HEALTH 9 6 8 7 8 8 8 10 8 9 8 7 8 9 8 5 5 5 8 8 2 9 9 5 8 9 7 8 9 5 7 8 9 7 8 7 9 4 9 8 9 7 9 9 9 8 6 9 8 7 .
MALES GRATITUDE 30 34 26 18 27 34 31 36 29 31 27 25 20 32 12 39 31 24 28 36 29 25 18 32 33 30 29 31 31 34 27 20 31 30 33 35 29 19 27 22 38 33 39 36 33 39 27 32 28 30 CHEERFULNESS 32 20 23 12 24 23 20 23 32 26 19 31 16 26 20 23 27 24 20 14 18 20 15 26 23 27 21 24 24 20 24 18 19 23 30 23 30 23 23 13 27 25 22 17 28 28 25 29 27 30 STRESS 7 19 17 55 30 10 46 30 25 15 9 22 49 10 2 28 33 35 36 53 56 57 32 40 28 44 54 19 39 17 59 50 8 33 20 41 63 20 41 37 16 25 39 26 17 16 33 20 16 17 HAPPINESS 10 9 8 1 7 9 4 8 8 8 9 9 4 7 2 8 9 7 5 8 9 9 7 9 10 8 6 8 8 8 7 8 7 3 10 6 6 1 6 8 9 8 8 8 4 6 8 8 8 9 HEALTH 9 8 8 3 5 8 6 9 7 7 5 9 4 6 1 4 8 8 9 0 8 9 9 5 9 5 8 8 9 5 5 8 5 9 7 7 6 5 9 7 9 9 7 6 6 9 4 7 9 7 .
Feeling. Pursuing post.illness.friends Monetary difficulties Family.Mother. university. Helping others. Desires fulfilled.talking. ill health.FEMALES SR. parents. misunderstanding job. When people lie to loved ones.lies.friends sickness. ill health. me.fight loved ones.making others happy. My Pets. Being with Exams. sister. Fights in family. things do not happen my way 11 Kriti bhardwaj 19 People that Restlessness. Irritating talks. meeting friends. Future. 1 Ramandee p Kaur 23 Graduation 2 Ruby 24 Graduation 3 4 5 Harneet kaur Lavleen kaur Aayna 20 20 21 Pursuing graduation Pursuing graduation Being with my Exams.meeting people I don’t like. lonely.not makes me able to complete happy. friends. friends. 6 Aarcy 25 7 Jamanna chawla 20 Pursuing graduation 8 Avni rekhi 18 B. inability to get mixed up with people. family.take undue advantage of me. . Relationship. friends. parents. with Being close to When people lie to nature me.family. Monetary graduation education. misunderstanding M. talking my work.job.Sc-1 9 10 Devanshi Supreet 20 20 Pursuing graduation Pursuing graduation Pursuing graduation Bad health.positive results. difficulties.exams.N O NAME AG E EDUCATIONA L LEVEL What are three What are three main sources main sources for for happiness in stress for you? life? Working hard. parents.Sc My job.
hostel Pursuing post Being with Workhood. acquaintances. 22 Ravleen kohli 22 . graduation family. Studies.surfing 17 Priyanka 20 18 Mandeep kaur 20 19 Ramandee 20 p kaur Rana Kadambri Praveen 22 21 Pursuing graduation 20 21 Pursuing post General things. problems in misunderstandings life. boredom. 15 Shalini 22 Pursuing graduation 16 Usha sharma 21 Pursuing post Watching tv. education.scolded from m mother.sleeping.quarrels roaming with with friends.not family. surfing.helplessness. family. Pursuing graduation Pursuing graduation Shopping. When I am with Hostel. difficulties in life of dear ones. Pursuing graduation Smile on face of my dear ones. irritateds me. helping someone. dineer with family friends. When free from Interference in all tensions and life. friends. too much graduation family friends sleeping. Being with Studies. projects.friends.hectic schedule 13 Akahi chawla 20 Pursuing graduation 14 Shreya 20 Pursuing graduation Friends peace Emotional of mind. Pressure of graduation films. tears in ones eyes.mothers health dental problem. Misunderstanding. studies.these friends. Exams. able to complete my work. small children. 12 Kritika garg 20 Pursuing graduation Happy people When my brother around me. behaviour. projects. family .surfing kind of test. my family.bad health. success Incomplete work.arguments. carreer. Close to nature. friends. misunderstanding. surfing relationship.
listening music. not my able to take work. decision.crying. problems. family. health graduation parents. Studies. problems. Studies loneliness. surfing. graduation sleeping. shopping. books. time graduation friends. Tension. emotions. friends. Pursuing post Being with Health. 33 Richa Jain 22 . creative. Job adjustment. food. Exam anxiety.selftalk. Pursuing post When I achieve graduation my goal. upto the fullest. work family.sleeping. life shopping. traveling. good eating habits. Pursuing post Peace of mind. stress. food.unplannin good g. stress. graduation shopping. When my loved ones are not happy. food. expectations. enjoy surfing. 24 Sukhmaan 22 25 Chetna 22 26 Anu 22 27 28 Sweena Anuradha 22 25 29 Sugandha sood Komalpre et 22 Pursuing post Friends. lack of concentration. hypocracy. eating something habits. Pursuing graduation To produce Exams. Pursuing post Music. graduation family. shopping. Pursuing post When I get Exam stress. Work load.D Success through hard music. Pursuing post To be with my graduation loved ones. parental pressure. 30 22 31 32 Rajwinder kaur Lakhveer 23 22 Pursuing post Money. wishes. study. Ph. boredom.my laziness.someone says wrong things about me. 23 Sukhneet 22 Pursuing post Satisfaction. work graduation what I want. friends. When some work not able to do.exams.unfulfilled graduation peace of mind. good management.
graduation everything in exam. Time management. life.shoppin stress.friends. Senior secondary. work. shopping. unhappy environment. 41 42 Sonali Savita jain 19 22 When someone is unhappy because of me. parental pressure Pursuing graduation Pursuing graduation Senior Money and love Exams exams. eating habits. graduation traveling.34 Ranjana 25 Pursuing post I enjoy Academic. contented. party. smile on face of others. Studies. lies. traffic friends. chating. graduation traveling. career. Pursuing post Shopping. 43 Gunnet 23 Pursuing post Talking graduation someone. music. graduation seeing people busy schedule. g. betrayal. surfing. Family.when I don’t finish my work. lack enjoyment. 36 37 Nikita Astha 21 21 Pursuing post Shopping. graduation with children. health of my mother. Exam anxiety. of 38 Tanvi pal 21 Emotional tension. Bad interpersonal exams 45 46 47 Sheena Jotika Antima 20 21 25 . My praise. fight despair. 44 Rekha 22 Pursuing post Money. Exams. job.excessive work. M. Being with Exams loved ones. study. Pursuing post Meditation. work time with my stress. graduation parents. When I help someone.Sc Family. Pursuing graduation. 39 40 Pooja Mitika 22 21 Pursuing post Spending time Study. friends. friends. to Workload. Lies. party. achievement. 35 Neelam 22 When I spent Exam stress.friends. pressure of work. Pursuing graduation. friends.
N. aggressive person. foul practice being practice d by people around. Some happy Bad interpersonal movements. my helpful someone crosses nature.secondary good attitude. 48 Dipika 24 G. graduation others happy. inability to achieve set goals. Save happy Cheaters. someone criticizes in working area. his limits. relationship. fighting.M diploma 50 Raminder 23 Pursuing post Ability to make Physical ailment. someone loosing in life. relationship. movements. .M diploma 49 Pooja 24 G. someone loosing in life.N.
excess happiness.talkin . Books.m y crush. family members. 2 Manikaran 22 3 4 Man singh Simarjit singh Vikas 22 23 My girlfriend. party(pusu) wins.girls.MALES SR.family. misunderstandin g. exams. Master in my engineering. Studies. education. when I do something which I don’t want to do. Pursuing graduation Achievements. exams. graduation time with my present clinical college friends and instructure job. 5 19 When I broke someone trust. Achievement. happy. classes. parents. unnecessarily. 7 Gunjan pal singh Harwinder singh Krishan kadyan 20 Pursuing graduation Pursuing graduation Pursuing graduation 8 9 19 19 10 11 Sumit Manjinder singh 22 23 Pursuing graduation Pursuing graduation When my own Party work. Frients. when I waste time. trust is broken. normal routine.N O 1 NAME AG E 24 EDUCATION AL LEVEL What are three What are three main sources for main sources for happiness in life? stress for you? Ramandee p singh Pursuing post When I spend my Future. music family. friends. Exam. When my mom is Studies. hurting someone. chating. enjoyment with money. Pursuing graduation Pursuing graduation Friends. Studies.surfi ng. 6 Vishal 19 Pursuing graduation My family Studies. money. classes. classes money Books.girls. study. girlfriend. family. health. traveling. helping wondering others. money Happiness of my Deviation from family.
boredom Workload. Exams. education.financia l troubles. needy. friends. 20 21 22 Nakul Shikhar Ronik 22 23 26 Pursuing graduation Pursuing graduation Post graduate Friends. chating.family. waiting Exam.chating. Love. Uncertainty. poor Study. MPhil 18 Raman gupta 20 19 Rahul 24 Meeting people.meeting people. Pursuing post Helping graduation person. parties as what to wear. why it hard to pray but easy to swear. Getting good Studies. traffic rules. 12 Abhi garg 18 Pursuing graduation g to girl. playstations video games. homework. Friends.exam stress. ignorance. 17 Raman 23 Pursuing post Making graduation making happy. helping meaningful person. environment.study. “sir jaave ta jaave Prayer to god. mera sikhi sidak na why clubs jave” growing and gurudwaras shrinking. poor school 13 Amitoj singh 19 Pursuing graduation 14 Baljeet singh 20 Pursuing graduation 15 Saksham 20 Pursuing graduation 16 Rohit 22 Pursuing post Praying. with friends. music. work stress. Children’s happiness . officer. Happy School. others health problems. exams. Waiting. graduation friends. terrorist attacks. facebook.traffic.quarrel marks in exams. troubled relationships. economic condition. Workload.my My girlfriend goal to be IAS mistakes. friends.
others happy. 27 Inder 22 Post graduate Helping others. 23 Ravi 21 Graduate Peace of mind. Lack of concentration. Tension. Loneliness. 26 Ankush 21 Graduate Photography. 24 25 Ankit Sahil 20 23 Graduate Post graduate Good company. Exams. hate loyal person. fights Pursuing graduation Pursuing graduation Under graduation Smile on face of Misunderstandin dear ones. Negativity. 28 Rajinder 26 Pursuing doctrate Meeting people. maintenance of vehicle. financial conditions. exams. Fighting.unhapp graduation achievement. g. wrong decisions. waking up early morning. studies. 34 Sukhwind er singh 25 post graduation .negative response. Exams. y environment. making concentration. Ignorance. job. laziness. books. work stress. watching nature. Doing good in life. 30 Rakesh 21 31 32 Gaganpree 19 t singh Harshveer singh 19 My parents smile. difficulties in life. Someone cheats me. fight with friends. unfulfilled wishes. music. Partying. 33 Kulwant singh 25 Graduate Eating lot with my Fatigue from friends. 29 Aman 23 Pursuing post Family. girls. hate the love. music. friends. obstacles in life. chating. Friends. Lack of friends.performance of my childhood. uncertainty. achievement.
Paying gratitude Health. surfing. making others happy. enjoyment. 38 39 Nitish Adytia 20 21 40 41 Avril Yogesh 24 25 Post graduate Pursuing doctorate Senior secondary Pursuing doctorate Traveling. peace of Relationship. lies. with parents. 35 Sunny 23 Post graduation with I enjoy everything Exams. relationships. Exams. bad news. girlfriend. Talking to Lies. girlfriend. lack of surfing. traffic. Reading. partying. meditation. Pursuing graduation Pursuing graduation Love. with family. Work stress. with future. interference. 36 Rajinder 20 Pursuing graduation 37 Nitin 22 Pursuing post Outing with Work stress. chatting. terrorist attacks. time for things in life. Exams. friends. relationships. different food. misunderstandin g. playing games. 42 Mohit 19 Going for dinner Failure in life. excessive someone.cheating me. philosophical talks. problems. projects family. eating. management. Exams. Health meeting friends. trying betrayal. Friends. reading spiritual surfing. work. works. parents. exams. cars. Driving different Work overload. fight in life. adventurous games. watching Project tv. to be patience. overload. graduation friends. new research. chatting. Music. books. 43 Gaurav 22 44 45 Manoj Sanjeev 24 20 Post graduate Pursuing doctorate Desires fulfilled. books. lies. My Pets. 46 47 Manoj Sandeep 18 26 Senior secondary Post graduate . friends doctors.
loneliness. g people I don’t like. family. Loneliness. graduation relationships. graduation easy going life. Pursuing post Love.job Roaming around. 48 Ramnik 25 Post graduate Future. meeting people. facebook.lies. 49 Deepak 22 Pursuing post Having true friends Relationships. work stress.meetin ones. unfulfilled wishes. true relationships. Irritating talking to my dear talks. boredom.mind. 50 Ishan 23 THE IMPACT OF GRATITUDE ON .
STRESS. AND Submitted by: Yashu Bansal Submitted to: Dr. Chandigarh .CHEERFULNESS. HAPPINESS HEALTH IN MALES AND FEMALES. Meena Sehgal MA Semester 3 Department of psychology Punjab university.
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