What treatment is offered?

Most have surgery to remove the cancer. Forms of surgery include:

Breast-conserving Surgery, Lumpectomy – removal of the cancer and a small amount of surrounding tissue Mastectomy – removal of the whole breast with or without lymph nodes under the axilla

What are the rehabilitation steps?
Physical rehabilitation includes:
  

Shoulder exercises after surgery Arm care to avoid lymphoedema Balanced Nutrition and lifestyle adaptation to enhance recovery

Mental rehabilitation involves:
  

Close support of spouse, family, friends & support groups A woman may feel reassured by knowing her chances of survival Attending doctor reviews regularly

As it is difficult to ascertain. These cancer cells can then spread within the tissue or organ and to other parts of the body. early menarche or other possible risk factors. What are the Warning Signs of Breast Cancer?       How is diagnosis made?  How Common Is Breast Cancer? Breast Cancer is the second leading cause of death in women today. . It could be attributed to a family history of breast cancer. By a mammogram which may detect changes or abnormalities. painless lump in the breast persistent itch & rash around the nipple bleeding or unusual discharge from the nipple skin over the breast is swollen and thickened skin over the breast is dimpled or puckered nipple is pulled in or retracted   Through a clinical examination by the doctor especially if a lump or an unusual breast changes is detected. To confirm breast cancer a biopsy will have to be performed in which a piece of tissue is removed for examination under a microscope. While the factors are unknown. any one of us can be at risk. The good news is that more women are surviving the disease as a result of earlier detection and improved treatment. The risk of breast cancer increases with age. especially when we are aged 40 and above. Based on an ultrasound scan of the breast which again may be suspicious for changes or abnormalities. The highest incidence is in the 55 . What are the Guidelines on Breast Screening? What Causes It? The triggering factors of this cancer are unknown.59 years age group.What Is Breast Cancer? Breast Cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are detected in the tissues of the breast. Chinese women have a higher risk compared to Malay or Indian by about 1020%. In Singapore almost every 1 in 20 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in her lifetime. a complete cure is possible with early detection through regular breast checks.

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