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Brief History on Dance

HISTORY OF DANCE Dancing existed long time ago. It was proven by the cave paintings left by the cave men during ice age. Dance was not yet a show or skills or performances but it is normally done in a ritual or to celebrate some festivals celebrated by the natives. In most ancient civilizations, dancing before the god is an important element in temple ritual. In Egypt the priests and priestesses, accompanied by harps and pipes, perform stately movements which mime significant events in the story of a god, or imitate cosmic patterns such as the rhythm of night and day. Myths related with the Greek god Dionysus are notably similar to those that surround the Egyptians' Osiris. According to the philosopher Aristotle, Greek disaster started in the myth of Dionysus' birth. He narrates that the poet Arion was responsible for establishing the foundation theatrical form, one that integrated dance, music, spoken words, and attires. In all dances there was a principal dancer who was the leader of these presentations. As the form developed, the principal dancer became something similar to what would now be considered a combination choreographer and performer. Slowly when it came to the ruling of the roman, techniques are than used to be performed on stage. It all started with drama, famous novel written were all turned into plays, but in plays, dance slowly overtook it. They started by telling stories to the audience not by words but by body movements and physical emotions. There are so many types of dances now compared to the past and many still remains its culture. For instance, in ballet itself, there are a few types of them such as Balanchine method, Vaganova method, Cecchetti and Contemporary Style. These dances were then made into careers, business for people to earn a living by teaching, performing and many more. Finally, dance is also known as an industry but it was so long ago and I could not find a specific date for it.

Profit in the Dance Industry & its Size

2011 Report on Dance Companies

The size of the dance industry is very big and is worldwide. For example, in US itself, there are so many dance companies such as Anaheim Ballet, Houston Ballet, Boston Ballet and many

more. It depends on the size of the dance companies and the profit they earn. They gain profit through performances, giving dance classes, help other people to choreograph a dance and many more including the fame of the company. The total U.S. market size for the Dance Companies industry includes statistics on all companies, both public and private. In addition to total revenue, the table contains details on employees, companies, and average firm size. Use this market information to identify and confirm growth rates based on quantitative research and hard data.

Type of Ownership Open a Dance Studio Normally, people who are working in the dance industry open their own studios. It is mostly a Sole Proprietorship or a partnership. Imagine owning a fun and financially rewarding business teaching people how to dance. You can when you open a dance studio. It is normally a sole proprietorship business because do not really require too many people to handle one. It is also sometimes a partnership because there may be two people owning the studio.

Channel of Distribution Interviewed with : Mr. Anthony Meh (Principle of Dua Space Dance Theater) Business is widely known by how they advertize and to distribute their products or service to let the community know that they exits. But in the dance industry, I noticed that they do not advertize as much but they use performances to advertize the quality of the dance company. Before I had the studio opened, we barely had even 50 students, but look at our studio now! We have almost 200 students. Exclaimed Anthony Meh, Principal of Dua Space Dance Theater. A normal dance studio or company also can advertize through dance magazines to let the community to recognize them. Role in Community

The role of dance in the community Interviewed with : Ms. Gan Yee Fen (ballet teacher) Ms. Sharon Marie Barilla (contemporary dance teacher) In todays multicultural society, a dance artist normally reflects their relation to other cultures, and understanding for human identity and respect for the intrinsic value of all cultures. A dance company always believes that in a society where globalization, urbanization, multiculturalism and information technology are prominent, dance has a major role to play. After an interview with my ballet teacher, Ms Gan Yee Fen, she said that dancing is not just to perform, or to be dramatic and be out of control! It is all about feeling our body, using muscles that we may not even know exist, its an exercise. Discipline and a winning attitude must always be in a dancers spirit and I hope that everybody can understand. In the other hand, my contemporary teacher, Ms. Sharon Marie Barilla, said that dancing is the aid to stress reliving. It helps us to be who we are, and clear our mind from all the works, studies and many more. From these two interviews, I now understand that the dance industries provide the community with discipline and help us to release stress. Finally, by referring to the top of this article, they let us know more about other cultures too!


Careers in dance Performing Teaching dance Choreography Community dance Administration/management

Dance notation

Journalism/criticism Technical production Visual design Dance movement therapy

As referred to the business profile, there are many jobs that could be assigned to the dance industry. Below is a very helpful link that list down all the jobs we are able to be in the dance industry. I will also explain them in depth with some of my experience and summarize their article.

Careers in dance

The most important thing to be a performer is his/her attitude. They must have discipline at all time and attend classes every day. To be a professional dancer or to work with a dance company, one must go for classes which last 12 hours every day (12 hours is not enough for some dance company). Furthermore, to be a performing artist, they must not have stage fright and exaggerating facial expressions. It is also important that you have attractive appearance. To get in a company is not an easy job to do so as you must be outstanding and catch the eye of the principle during auditions within hundred over people. These are some of the famous dancers (performers), most of the performers are also instructor and choreographers:

Alina Somova Famous Ballet Dancer

Rudolf Nureyev Famous Ballet Dancer

Paula Abdul Famous Pop, Hip Hop and R&B Dancer

Adolfo Quiones Famous Hip Hop Dancer

Many dancers choose this as their career after graduate as it is easier and some think that it is fun doing what you like to do daily. A career as a dance teacher proposes a growing range of opportunities. A dance teacher must not only know how to teach the syllabus, but to be able to choreograph a dance, have some knowledge of the history of dance and most importantly, the various techniques in dance. Teachers can also study about anatomy and physiology to share them with their students or even help their students if any minor injury occurs.

The dance teachers can choose to work in:

Private dance schools Community centers State and independent schools Colleges Gyms.

Outside the state school system, teachers could work in:

Training prospective performers Teaching people to become specialist dance teachers Teaching dance as a form of recreation.

Choreography is actually to write a dance or so call dance composition. The people who create choreographies are called choreographers. Sometimes the choreographers are dancers; however they do not have to be a dancer to choreograph professionally. Choreographers create a dance for the dancers normally with a storyline in their head and they teach the dancers the steps to communicate to the audience through body movement. The choreographers may also need to have a detailed knowledge of different dance techniques. As in ballet, we have a few techniques such as Balanchine method, Russian Vaganova method, Italian Cecchetti method and even contemporary ballet. A choreographer normally gains their skills through experiences. These are a few famous choreographers & dancers as well:

Sonya Tayeh Contemporary & Jazz

Martha Graham Modern Ballet

Travis Wall Contemporary & Jazz

George Balanchine Founder of the Balanchine Method

This job is mainly for those who work as a workshop leader or teacher to let the dance community to expand. This career usually includes working in a specific geographical area as part of regional arts and community agencies teaching, choreographing and organizing dance programs and projects. They normally work with young people, people with disabilities, the elderly as well as schools. They provide the opportunity to let people to express themselves through dancing and releasing their creativity physically. Community dance is a extensive range of activities that bring dance artists in contact with the public, they usually do lots of charity and perform in temples or other events just to let the community enjoy. This is an example of a dance company (also a studio) whom the principle is participating in this kind of activity Dua Space (Principles Anthony Meh & Aman Yap):

The 2 principles on a dance magazine cover.

A disable dancer dancing in the Black and White variation choreographed by the principles.

Performers of Dua Space dance company performing for charity during Wesak Day.

Administration/management As the dance industry develops, they need people to help them organize the shows and classes and to manage one studios registration and all activities related with dance. They are the ones sitting at the lobby and register our names and organizing dance concerts, performance tours, and even workshops or outreach programs. They are also responsible for the financial aspects, business and legal problems. In many dance organizations around the world, the administration is the ones whom set up and manage seasonal festivals and dance projects.

Dance notation mainly refers to scoring. This job in general is known as the examiner or a judge. They are normally famous and are qualified to be one. They offer the dancer with choreographic

score by recording movement using symbols in order to analyze. They judge the dancers by their skills and techniques and many detailed things such as facial expressions and the choreography. Examiners and judges are mostly highly skilled in their profession. Below are a few examples:

Kit Lethby & Anne Fraser two of the Ballet Examiners of the Royal Academy of Dance (RAD).

Nigel Lythgoe one of the judges in So You Think You Can Dance

Kimberly Wyatt one of the judges in Got To Dance UK

Journalist normally writes for national newspapers as a dance critic or publications for the public to know. We must first know to dance before we can take pictures of the dancers said a photographer in Just Dance magazine issue 7. For example, there is a show call Fashion Police on television and that job is an example of what a critic does, but first, they must really know things about the topic. The journalism and criticism watches the dance performances then writes analysis for a newspaper or magazine describing and\or giving an opinion about the company or individual pieces. Normally, many dance journalist have completed dance degree but many others have a general interest in arts.

The technical production teams are the ones who m work backstage throughout the shows and make sure that the show runs smoothly. They are those who took care of the lightings, sound systems and the stage design. Without them, a show will not be successful. Many of the technical production teams are also stage manager whom helped look through the dance. The technical production career includes:

The Production Manager The Stage Manager Stage Hands

The Electrician The Carpenter The Lighting technicians

They are so call the designers of the show. They are the designers of the colorful, magnificent costumes for the dancers to perform. They also can be the makeup artist for the dancers or show production. Without the education of dances, they may not know what materials suit the dancers best in the style of dance. Furthermore, they will also know how the dancers should look on stage with their storyline of the performance. Below are a few examples of costumes:

Dress for ballroom dancing (Waltz, Quick Step, Tango etc.)

Ballet Tutu for ballet performances.

Latin dress for Cha Cha, Rhumba, Samba, Jive and Salsa.

The dance therapist usually works within dance communities to help people with physical, mental health and emotional difficulties. They normally do research and learn different ways to help the dancers continue dancing. Some of these therapists even teach skills to warm up before dancing in their ways to prevent injuries. Those working in Dance Therapy generally need to follow a Master of Arts (MA) program after having concluded a first degree. Example of a famous Dance Physiotherapist in Hong Kong. Jenny Dance Physiotherapist often helps at JMW ballet academy in Hong Kong. (

Dance movement therapy includes:

A Dance Therapist The Physical Therapist The Masseuse / Masseur