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JSC VNIINM

CONCEPT OF CREATION OF VNIINM-BASED TRAINING AND DEMONSTRATION CENTER FOR DECOMMISSIONING OF NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE FACILITIES
M.V. Radchenko, L.P. Sukhanov
The Center for SNF and RW management and decommissioning A.A. Bochvar high-technology research institute of inorganic materials
IAEA Regional Workshop, Moscow, October 31, 2011
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IU Mayak

General Situation in the Field of Decommissioning


Many enterprises are engaged in decommissioning of the facilities, which reached the end of their service life or were to be restructured for a different function There is an acute shortage of unified technologies and wellproven organizational, engineering and technological approaches Distinguishing features of the decommissioning market: High demand for reference equipment Limited offers in the form of certain technologies and services that do not always meet the required level
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Need for Industry Training and Demonstration Center (TDC) for Decommissioning Technologies It is necessary to create conditions for: Consolidation and transfer of practical experience, knowledge and information on using the latest technologies Creation of the unified equipment and standard design approaches Development, technologies testing and implementation of innovation

These conditions can be ensured by creating the training and demonstration center for decommissioning of nuclear fuel cycle facilities (TDC).

Proposal for Creation of TDC


The training and demonstration center for decommissioning of nuclear fuel cycle facilities is proposed to be created in Moscow on the basis of one of the leading technological institutes of Rosatom State Corporation A. A. Bochvar High-Technology Research Institute of Inorganic Materials (JSC VNIINM) TDC Profile: the Center of competence, reference technologies and equipment. This center is to accumulate the most advanced scientific, technical and human resources in the field of technologies for decontamination, decommissioning and remediation of nuclear and radiation-hazardous facilities.

ARGUMENTS TO SUPPORT THE CREATION OF TDC ON THE BASIS OF JSC VNIINM

A.A. Bochvar High-Technology Research Institute of Inorganic Materials A.A. Bochvar High-Technology Research Institute of Inorganic Materials

Creation: 1945 Location: Moscow Staff: up to 5,000 (now 1,300)

KEY SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES:

Pu, U, Tr chemistry and technologies Nuclear fuel and fuel elements for all types of reactors Metals, alloys and materials for nuclear industry SNF reprocessing RW management and decontamination Decommissioning
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Competitive Advantages of VNIINM-based TDC


1. Wide experience and significant scientific and technical potential: highly-qualified personnel, effective technologies and equipment in the field of decontamination, decommissioning and radwaste management 2. Capabilities to carry out a wide range of activities including training and demonstration, R&D and practical work on comprehensive engineering and radiation survey (CERS), engineering services, etc. 3. Availability of VNIINMs on-site capacities, including the Moscow liquid radioactive waste processing plant, makes it possible to comprehensively address all issues related to conditioning of radwaste resulting from decommissioning activities.

Competitive Advantages of VNIINM-based TDC


4. Expanding scope of activities to clean up nuclear legacy 5. Consolidation of resources for decommissioning purposes in the specialized division the Center for SNF and RW Management and Decommissioning which has welldeveloped scientific, technical and production infrastructure 6. Convenient location to conduct activities, provide practical training and hold workshops

Science and Technology Department


Processing Immobilization Decontamination Gas cleaning

Department for Decommissioning Technologies


CERS Practical work Engineering Project management Modeling

RW Processing Department
Liquid RW management Solid RW management

Certification Center

Training Courses

Thesis Committee
Rosatoms Workshop on Modeling of NFC Technologies

TOMECO
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(structural subdivision of the Center for SNF and RW Management and Decommissioning) Site area: 16 000 2 Total area of MPP premises: 9000 2

The Moscow Liquid Radioactive Waste Processing Plant (MPP)

General Information on MPP


Design productivity: 100000 m3/year (low-level low-salt liquid radioactive waste) MPP is a prototype of similar facilities in the Soviet Union and of those constructed with the Soviet Unions aid in Libya (Tajoura), Egypt (Inshas) and Vietnam (Dalat)
MPP processes up to 5000 m3 LRW a year from JSC VNIINM,

, RRC Medradiopreparat

Kurchatov

Institute

and

FSUE

MPP shall ensure processing of LRW resulting from decontamination and decommissioning of nuclear and radiation-hazardous facilities of LRW-supplying enterprises
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Decommissioning and Remediation Problems Being Solved at JSC VNIINM


A considerable number of premises of the Institutes research buildings related to the USSRs nuclear legacy facilities are contaminated with -, -, and -emitting radionuclides. The Building B is now subject to decommissioning.

The radioactive contamination areas including radwaste disposals have been found in the Institutes territory. There is significant accumulation of unusable radiationcontaminated equipment of the laboratory, test bench and pilot industrial facilities.
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Experience

in Decontamination and Remediation of Laboratory Rooms at JSC VNIINM

Over the past few decades VNIINM has been actively involved in development of the technologies meant for decontamination of equipment, building structure surfaces and spaces of various nuclear-industry facilities. The accumulated scientific and technical potential is now used for decontamination of VNIINMs own premises. Our key approaches to choosing the most promising decontamination technologies are as follows: - personnel safety - minimization of radwaste resulting from decontamination processes - reliance on our own developments

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Main Activities to be carried out in 2010-2015


1. Decommissioning of Building B 2. Identification and cleanup of radioactive contamination areas 3. Decontamination renovation of the hot cells in Building I-3 followed by treatment of accumulated solutions 4. Survey decontamination of premises of U-5 pilot industrial facility (Building ) 5. Decommissioning of the Reagent Complex (done) 6. Comprehensive engineering buildings and sites and radiation survey of

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EXAMPLES OF PERFORMED WORK ON DECONTAMINATION AND DECOMMISSIONING OF JSC VNIINMS FACILITIES

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Decontamination of SNF-PUREX-Reprocessing Facility

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Decontamination of U-5 Pilot Industrial Facility

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Decontamination of Pyrochemical Reprocessing Facility

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Preparation for Decommissioning of Building B Radiation Survey

10.11.2011

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Decontamination and Remediation of Hot Cells in Building I-3

10.11.2011

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Comprehensive Engineering and Radiation Survey of Institutes Site

10.11.2011

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Cleanup of Radiation-Contaminated Area Near Building A

JSC VNIINM R&Ds


Proposed to Be Used for Decommissioning and Remediation of Nuclear Facilities

R&Ds OF A.A. BOCHVAR INSTITUTE FOR DECONTAMINATION PURPOSES


Electrochemical decontamination using external electrodes Electrochemical decontamination of tanks by using the ultrasonic intensification process Foam decontamination Laser decontamination Decontamination and confining coating Decontamination of soil

The foam decontamination technology is one of the effective methods for the low-waste decontamination of radiationcontaminated equipment and production areas. The equipment of this system makes it possible to use various conditions for foam application and destruction, and ensures efficient collection of products resulting from the decontamination process.

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Decontamination Using the High-Efficiency (up to 30 m3 foam/min) Foam-Generating Nozzle

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Developed in 2007

Developed in 2009

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The electrochemical decontamination devices with external electrodes make it possible to efficiently decontaminate various surfaces of equipment and hard-to-reach spaces.

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DECONTAMINATION AND DISMANTLING IN MOSCOW Decontaminating and Confining Polymer Coatings LIQUID RW STATION Based on Polyvinyl Formulations (separate department of A.A.Bochvar Institute)
The equipment of experimental room with total area 300 2 was removed and Parameters: partly decontaminated. 10 t of solid radioactive waste were packaged and 2 - Consumption: 0.2 0.5 transported to disposal l/m - Coating formation time: 4 24 hrs. - Average coating thickness: 70 150 m - Solid radwaste q-ty: 0.1 0.3 kg/m2 Before and after dismantling

These units are designed for collection and confinement of 0.3-10-m aerosols with the decontamination efficiency of up to 99.95 % (for 0.3 m aerosols).

Supplied in 2008

Improved version (2009)

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Mobile Laser Decontamination Unit

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DECONTAMINATION AND DISMANTLING IN MOSCOW LIQUID RW STATION Fragmentation Equipment (separate department of A.A.Bochvar Institute)
The equipment of experimental room with total area 300 2 was removed and partly decontaminated. 10 t of solid radioactive waste were packaged and transported to disposal

Before and after dismantling

Pilot Facility for Processing of Soils Contaminated with Radionuclides and Heavy Metals

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Background Information on JSC VNIINM-Based Training and Demonstration Center for Decommissioning of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facilities

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Objects of TDC Activity


Objects of TDC activity are the enterprises of Rosatom State Corporation, including: Radiochemical combines Industrial enterprises of JSC TVEL Enterprises of FSUE RosRAO Nuclear power plants Nuclear-industry research institutes Others

Basic Functions of TDC


Practical Decommissioning activities Consolidation and comparative analysis of the domestic and international experience accumulated in developing and using the Decommissioning technologies Training activities focused on practical training using the TDC equipment Demonstration activities for market promotion of the most effective technologies for NRHF Decommissioning Checking the efficiency of proposed technical means in the course of decommissioning of VNIINMs nuclear legacy Development of innovation unified equipment and standard approaches for Decommissioning

NFC TDC Profile


Location: The Moscow Liquid Radwaste Processing Plants site of JSC VNIINM Resources: buildings and equipment of JSC VNIINM

Personnel: employees

basically,

the

JSC

VNIINMs

staff

and other

temporarily

outsourced

from

organizations

Expected Funding Sources for TDC Activity


Money to be received as a result of contractual activity between TDC and corporate customers Funds under the Federal Target Program Nuclear and Radiation Safety Ensurance in 2008 and until 2015 (FTP NRS) Funds from the Rosatom State Corporations Special Reserve Fund for Decommissioning Funds from regional and municipal entities in the territory of which the nuclear and radiation-hazardous facilities are located Funds from the strategic partners

Possible Cooperation in TDC Activity


Strategic Partnership
JSC TVEL (Rosatoms Fuel Company) FSUE RosRAO OJSC Rosenergoatom Concern JSC Atomstroyexport

Training and Information Cooperation


Central Institute of Continuing Education and Training and its branches IAEA SUE SIA Radon

Technological Cooperation
NUKEM Technologies GmbH JSC SCC Pilot Demonstration Center JSC WWER Pilot Demonstration Center

(status as of 2011)
The draft concept of TDC has been drawn up and submitted to JSC TVEL for consideration and approval The negotiations are held with domestic and foreign companies on cooperation in the process of creation and further activity of TDC The official cooperation proposals have been received from JSC Atomstroyexport and NUKEM Technologies GmbH as well as informal proposals from other companies The draft business plan has been developed

TDC Creation

Tasks for 2012-2013


Applying for TDC status as a subsidiary enterprise of JSC VNIINM Obtaining necessary licenses and permits for activities Personnel forming training and

Completing the material, technical, demonstration infrastructure of TDC

Getting the long-term TDC activity program approved for the period from 2012 through 2030 with regard to the industry tasks Marketing and start-up

CONCLUSION
JSC VNIINM proposes to create a training and demonstration center for NFC decommissioning by using its infrastructure Major tasks of TDC are as follows: Consolidate the domestic and international experience in combination with the training and demonstration activity Develop standard innovation approaches and practical testing of prototype specimens of technical means Organize the development of unified projects and equipment for the decommissioning purposes JSC VNIINM has all necessary capabilities to fulfill functions of TDC

IAEA Regional Workshop, Moscow 31 October 2011

Thanks for Your Attention !


Leonid Sukhanov
Deputy Director, Center for SNF and RW Management and Decommissioning of Nuclear and Radiation-hazardous Facilities

A.A. Bochvar High-Technology Research Institute of Inorganic Materials Moscow, Russian Federation

Fax: (495) 196-6451 E-Mail: lpsoukh@bochvar.ru


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