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内部被ばくの検査結果説明会

7 月 23 日 19 時 8 分 東京電力福島第一原子力発電所の事故による被ばくの影響などを調べる、福島県の健康調 査で、一部の住民に行った「内部被ばく」の検査の結果を本人に直接伝える説明会が、2 3日から始まりました。

福 島県の健康調査は、県内のすべての住民を対象に、原発事故による被ばくの影響など を調べるもので、このうち2900人余りが、呼吸や食事などで体内に放射 性物質を取 り込む「内部被ばく」を引き起こしたかどうか詳しい検査を受けています。23日は、検 査結果を本人に直接伝える初めての説明会が開かれ、浪江町 の住民23人が参加しまし た。参加した人たちは、県の担当者から検査結果の入った封筒を受け取ったあと、内部被 ばくの数値の求め方など、結果の読み取り方 について、放射線医学総合研究所の専門家 から説明を受けていました。このあと、個別の質問を受け付ける時間も設けられ、「検出 限界以下であっても、放射性 物質が体内に入れば、影響があるのではないか」とか、 「尿と共に放射性物質が排出されても、それまでに被ばくした分は大丈夫なのか」といっ た不安の声が寄 せられたということです。説明会のあと、参加した女性は、「数値の説 明は難しく、すべては理解できませんでしたが、とりあえず放射性物質が検出されなかっ たと聞いて、自分も一緒にいた家族も大丈夫だろうとほっとしました」と話していました。 福島県は、今月29日と30日にも「内部被ばく」の検査結果につい て、説明会を開く ことにしています。 東京電力福島第一原子力発電所の事故による被ばくの影響などを調べる福島県の健康調査 で、これまでに 詳しい検査を受けた122人の結果が判明し、呼吸や食事などで取り込 んだ放射性物質による「内部被ばく」は、全員1ミリシーベルト未満であることが分かり ました。これは、福島県の依頼で浪江町と飯舘村、それに川俣町山木屋地区の住民、12 2人の精密検査を行った放射線医学総合研究所の明石真言理事が、23 日、住民に対す る検査結果の説明会のあと、報道陣に明らかにしたものです。明石理事によりますと、先 月27日から行ってきた内部被ばくの検査が終了し、内 部被ばくは、122人全員が1 ミリシーベルト未満で、このうちおよそ半数の人からは、放射性物質が検出されなかった ということです。もっとも多くの放射性 物質が放出された時期から3か月以上たってい たため、放射線の量が半分に減る「半減期」が8日と短い放射性ヨウ素は検出されず、検 出されたのはすべてセシ ウムだったということです。明石理事は、「住民の内部被ばく は、事前に予想していたより少なく、健康への影響は出ない量だった。ただ、住民への説 明会で も、体の中に放射性物質が入ること自体に不安を抱く人もいたので、今後も、機 会があるごとに、さらに細かく説明していきたい」と話しました。 福 島県のすべての県民を対象にした健康調査は、東京電力福島第一原子力発電所の事故 のあと、住民それぞれが、どのくらい被ばくしたかを推定し、健康への影響 を継続的に 調べるものです。全県での調査開始を前に、比較的放射線量の高い浪江町、飯舘村、それ に川俣町の山木屋地区の住民、合わせておよそ2万8000 人について、先月から先行 調査が始まっています。この調査では、対象となった住民全員に、震災が起きた3月11 日以降の行動を問診票に記入してもらい、そ れを基に外部からの被ばく線量を推定しま

す。また、対象となった住民の中から、幼い子どもやその親など2900人を選び、体の 中に入り込んだ放射性物質に よって被ばくする、「内部被ばく」の状況を詳しく調べる ため、尿に含まれる放射性物質の分析や、ホールボディーカウンターと呼ばれる専用の装 置を使った検 査を行っています。23日の説明会は、この内部被ばくの検査結果を伝え るため、浪江町の住民を対象に開かれたもので、福島県は、今後、飯舘村や川俣町の山 木屋地区の住民に対しても説明会で検査の結果を伝えることにしています。福島県は、今 回の先行調査の結果を基に、検査方法などの課題を洗い出し、来月か ら、全県民を対象 にした「本格調査」へと移行したいとしています。
 

汚染の疑い 出荷2600頭超 7 月 23 日 19 時 8 分 肉牛の餌の稲わらから、放射性セシウムが相次いで検出されている問題で、こうした稲わ らを与えられた疑いのある肉牛が、宮城県で新たに900頭余り出荷されていたことが分 かり、これで全国の出荷頭数は2600頭余りとなりました。 放 射性セシウムを含んだ疑いのある稲わらを肉牛に与えていた畜産農家は、宮城県で新 たに32戸が確認され、これらの農家から944頭の牛がすでに出荷されて いたという ことです。NHKのまとめによりますと、こうした農家の数は、▽宮城県で68戸、▽福 島県で25戸、▽新潟県で15戸、▽岩手県で12戸、▽山 形県で9戸、▽秋田県、岐 阜県でそれぞれ6戸、▽群馬県と埼玉県でそれぞれ2戸、▽北海道と茨城県、栃木県、静 岡県、三重県、島根県でそれぞれ1戸で、合 わせて15の道と県で151戸に上ってい ます。また、こうした農家から出荷された肉牛は、少なくとも2646頭に上り、流通先 は沖縄県を除く46都道府県 に広がっています。このうち、牛の肉から国の暫定基準値 を超える放射性セシウムが検出されたのは、福島県産のほか、栃木、岩手、宮城、秋田の 合わせて5つ の県の牛です。

原発 電源トラブルは設定ミス 7 月 23 日 14 時 43 分 22日、東京電力福島第一原子力発電所で、3号機と4号機の外部か ら電気を供給している送電線の装置でトラブルがあり、使用済み燃料 プールを冷却する設備などが一時、止まったことについて、東京電力 は、この装置の設定ミスが原因だったことを明らかにしました。

こ のトラブルは22日午前7時すぎ、福島第一原発の3号機と4号機に、外部から電気 を供給している送電線の「遮断器」と呼ばれる安全装置が働き、一部の設備 への電気の 供給が止まったものです。この影響で、3号機の使用済み燃料プールを冷却する設備や汚 染水を浄化する装置が止まり、プールの温度は上昇しなかっ たものの、すべて復旧する までに、およそ8時間半がかかりました。このトラブルについて、東京電力は23日、安 全装置の設定ミスが原因であることを明らか にしました。安全装置が働く電流の値を、

本来の3分の1に誤って設定してしまったため、少ない電流でも遮断してしまったという ことです。東京電力によりま すと、この設定はことし5月に行ったということで、作業 手順が明確になっていなかった可能性があるとみて、詳しく調べるとしています。 [関連ニュース] 自動検索 ・外部電源 自動で切り替わらず

TEPCO to eliminate gangsters from nuclear projects The operator of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant is stepping up efforts to prevent gangsters from earning money in projects for bringing the crisis under control. Tokyo Electric Power Company and 23 affiliates set up a council to eliminate criminal organizations from such projects. More than 50 people from member companies and the National Police Agency, the council's advisor, attended its first meeting in Tokyo on Friday. The head of the council, Satoshi Muto of TEPCO, said gangsters may become involved in rebuilding efforts and could work at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant. He said the council will step up cooperation with police to develop measures to stop their participation. Police say criminal syndicates are gaining work in rebuilding projects, claiming to be companies and volunteer groups. A gangster has been arrested in Iwate Prefecture for illegally sending workers to construction sites for temporary housing. The council plans to cooperate with police in drawing up contracts and exchanging information on criminal groups to prevent their participation in projects. Saturday, July 23, 2011 13:41 +0900 (JST) TEPCO probes Fukushima blackout Tokyo Electric Power Company is investigating the cause of a sudden power failure at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant. The blackout halted the cooling of a spent fuel pool for 5 hours. The trouble occurred at around 7:10 AM on Friday, when a circuit breaker malfunctioned on the power feed to the No. 3 and 4 reactors. The blackout halted equipment to cool the spent fuel pool for the No. 3 reactor. Cooling was restored around 5 hours later by means of an alternative power source. The utility says there has been no major change in the pool's temperature of around 30 degrees Celsius. TEPCO says the incident did not cause any radiation leakage, as work to inject water and nitrogen into the reactors continued with the other power source.

The blackout also halted systems to treat decontaminated water flooding the underground levels of plant buildings, but the company says these were restored at around 3:30 PM. The company says all facilities disabled by the incident have now been rebooted. The utility says that although it has installed several external power sources, their automatic switchover functions were not available. The company says it will improve the systems. A sudden surge in the external power supply is thought to be behind the failure. TEPCO says it is looking into the problem. Friday, July 22, 2011 20:23 +0900 (JST)

Japan utilities push to extend life of nuclear plants
REUTERS 2011/07/23 Print Share Article Two Japanese utilities moved on July 22 to extend the life of reactors at a pair of central coastal nuclear plants, fuelling already fierce debate over energy policy after the worst nuclear accident since Chernobyl. Kansai Electric Power Co said it had filed a petition with Japan's nuclear regulatory agency to keep the No. 2 reactor at its Mihama nuclear plant running beyond 2012, 40 years after it first went into operation. Chubu Electric Power Co said it had completed plans for building a $1.3-billion wall to protect its Hamaoka plant from the kind of tsunami that triggered a safety crisis at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant, in northeast Japan, in March. Mihama is on the north coast and Hamakoka on the south coast, both southwest of Tokyo. Japan's Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency will have to weigh the safety of both plants against a new set of tests at a time when public concern is high over both the risks of nuclear power and the economic costs of abandoning it. Japanese utilities are currently operating 17 of the 54 reactors that had been available before the March 11 earthquake and all of those could be shut down by May for maintenance if public worries over safety continue to stall reactor restarts. Shutting down all of Japan's reactors would create a power shortage of up to 6 percent during the power consumption peak in August 2012, and force manufacturers to stockpile inventory in the spring and then ramp up output again in the autumn, SMBC Nikko Securities has said. Daiwa Institute of Research estimates that shutting down nuclear power would reduce economic output by 2.5 percent -- equivalent to 14 trillion yen ($178 billion) -- over the next decade. "Higher electricity costs would increase costs for corporations and individuals and weigh on both capital spending and consumption," said Daiwa senior researcher Mikio Mizobota. 'STRESS TESTS' KEY

Japan's planned nuclear "stress tests", which are loosely modelled on safety assessments by the European Union, will examine how well plants could hold up to the kind of massive earthquake and tsunami that cut off power to cooling systems at Fukushima and caused three of its reactors to melt down. About 80,000 residents near the Fukushima plant have been forced to evacuate and may have to wait until year-end before a government plan on resettling the area is ready. Earlier this week, Japan's government suspended shipments of beef from Fukushima as concerns about radiation contamination has spread from vegetables and seafood to livestock and water. Nagoya-based Chubu, which provides power to a major auto production hub in central Japan, said it would aim to complete tsunami defences at Hamaoka in December 2012. The utility shut the Hamaoka plant in mid-May after Prime Minister Naoto Kan called for its closure, saying the area was at particularly high risk from a major earthquake. Chubu said it plans to build an 18-metre (60 ft) high wall around the nuclear plant. The tsunami is thought to have reached as high as 15 metres at the Fukushima plant. The utility said it would also take steps to prevent water from entering the nuclear facility. Critics, including leading earthquake experts, have warned that the plant's location at the tip of a sandy peninsula jutting out into the Pacific also puts it at particular risk. Chubu decommissioned the plant's No.1 and No.2 reactors in 2009 after concluding it would cost too much to make them meet tougher seismic standards. It says the three other reactors on the site are now designed to withstand a magnitude 8.5 quake. Kansai's Mihama nuclear plant in Fukui has faced scrutiny because of the age of its three reactors, which were completed between 1970 and 1976. In 2004, a pipe broke in the No. 3 reactor and sprayed hot water and steam that killed four workers and injured seven. In 2003 and 1991, the No. 2 reactor had breakdowns in its steam generators. Nuclear critics called on government officials to block an extension for the No. 2 reactor when they review the application for another 10 years of operation. "If there had not been the case of Fukushima, the government would probably have given permission without hesitation," said Hideyuki Ban, co-director of the anti-nuclear Citizen's Nuclear Information Center. "Now safety should be the top priority."

Government asks everyone to save on the juice
2011/07/22 Print Share Article Hankyu department store's Umeda main outlet in Osaka's Kita Ward has switched off lights on the outer walls and dimmed lights inside the store since July. (Shigetaka Kodama) Makoto Yagi, president of Kansai Electric Power Co. at a news conference in Osaka on July 20 (Kenta Sujino)

The central government on July 20 called on people and businesses across Japan to cut their electric power usage this summer, excluding only Hokkaido, the northernmost island of Japan, and Okinawa, the southernmost island where no nuclear power plants are located. The request, which comes on the heels of a legal energy-saving order for eastern Japan earlier this month, will likely deal an additional blow to manufacturers already bracing for tough times ahead because of a stronger yen and an early hot summer. The government asked businesses and people in the Kansai, Hokuriku, Chugoku, Shikoku and Kyushu regions to cut down on electricity this summer amid projected shortfalls in power supplies resulting from suspended operations of nuclear and thermal power plants. The request came after the government ordered large electricity users in the Kanto and Tohoku regions on July 1 to cut electricity usage this summer by 15 percent from last summer's peak use. The regions' supply has been in jeopardy after power facilities were disabled by the March 11 Great East Japan Earthquake. Power shortfalls are expected to be serious in the Kansai region, where a shortage of 6.2 percent in power supply against peak time use has been forecast. The government called for at least a 10 percent cut between July 25 and Sept. 22 in the Kansai region, which is served by Kansai Electric Power Co. Kansai Electric's margin for compliance will be tight since a reactor with a capacity for 1.175 gigawatts at its Oi plant in Fukui Prefecture was shut down this month due to problems. Chugoku Electric Power Co.'s supply has also been compromised after its Misumi thermal power plant, with a capacity for 1 gigawatt, in Shimane Prefecture, suspended operations this month due to glitches. In jurisdictions of western Japan served by Kansai Electric, Chugoku Electric, Hokuriku Electric Power Co., Shikoku Electric Power Co. and Kyushu Electric Power Co., a combined 1.2 percent electricity shortfall is expected. The government request for saving electricity in these jurisdictions is not mandatory, unlike the decree for the Kanto and Tohoku regions based on the Electric Utilities Industry Law. Except for the Kansai region, the government did not include a numerical target for conservation. For the Chubu region in western Japan, the government called for voluntary conservation when Prime Minister Naoto Kan asked Chubu Electric Power Co. in May to shut down its Hamaoka nuclear power plant in Shizuoka Prefecture, citing its vulnerability to earthquakes and tsunami. Japan has a total of 54 commercial reactors, supplying about 30 percent of the overall electricity before the March 11 disaster. Meanwhile, it is unclear when nuclear reactors that have been offline for regular inspections will resume operation. Coupled with heightened safety concerns among local officials, the government's plan to conduct safety tests for all the nation's reactors has made it difficult to predict when they will be able to restart. If nuclear reactors that have been offline for maintenance are not restarted, all the reactors in the nation will be idle by next spring. "It is difficult to respond, particularly for businesses that have been mulling a shift (in production) from east to west," Yasuchika Hasegawa, chairman of Keizai Doyukai (Japan Association of Corporate Executives), said at a news conference on July 20. "They may be feeling, 'You too, Kansai Electric.'" Businesses that have moved their operations elsewhere in the country due to the limited power

supply may be forced to take additional steps. Analysts said with a stronger Japanese currency--reaching 78-yen levels to the dollar--businesses will likely be tempted to consider shifting their production overseas while the government continues to flip-flop over the country's energy policy after the nuclear crisis. The government's call for saving electricity in wider areas has baffled many manufacturers that have production bases in the western part of the country or shifted them from other parts of the country. "At present, we are not sure if we can achieve a 10 percent cut for sure," said a representative of Mitsubishi Electric Corp. About 40 percent of its production facilities are located in the Kansai region, manufacturing an array of products and equipment from chips for cellphones and electric power facilities to railwayrelated equipment. Reducing electricity usage is expected to have a major impact on the company's operations, the official said. The company is considering operating part of its plants late at night and use in-house power generators to conserve electricity. Fujitsu Ltd. has already moved 20 percent of its servers for research and development in the Tokyo metropolitan area to Hyogo and Toyama prefectures out of concern over power supplied by the Tokyo Electric Power Co. The company said that the servers will not be returned to the Tokyo metropolitan area because the step is partly meant to disperse risk. Fujitsu is looking at new measures to reduce electricity use in response to the government's conservation request on July 20. JFE Steel Corp. plans to cut production at its steel plants in the cities of Kawasaki and Chiba this summer, bolstering output at its plants in the prefectures of Hiroshima and Okayama instead. But the suspension of operation at Chugoku Electric's Misumi thermal plant this month has raised fears of power shortages in Hiroshima and Okayama prefectures. Still, Eiji Hayashida, president of JFE Steel, said the company had no choice but to comply with the government's request. "We should do the utmost we can do to cooperate," he said. Rolling blackouts were put in place in the spring in the Kanto region, served by TEPCO, operator of the crippled Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant. The ministry plans to avert rolling blackouts in western Japan through conservation efforts, contracts with big electricity users that oblige them to cut down usage when the power supply is tight and diversion of electricity from other electric utilities.