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Pink Dolphin Facts (Inia Geoffrensis) There are five species of dolphins that make their homes in rivers

, being the most popular of them the Pink Dolphins also known as Boto, Boutu or Amazon River dolphins as it inhabits the Amazon River. The scientific name of the Pink Dolphins from the Amazon is Inia Geoffrensis and they belong to the genus Inea, part of the family Platanistoidea, which is conformed by the five species of river dolphins. Pink dolphins are not the same dolphins that you would see in the ocean; they have special adaptations to their habitat. In fact, river dolphins are only distantly related to sea dolphins.

They belong taxonomically speaking to different families. The oceanic dolphins belong to the family delphinidae while river dolphins belong to the family Platanistoidea as we said above. Amazon River Pink Dolphins Scientific Name: Inea Geoffrensis Order: Cetacea Family: Platanistoidea Among the five species of river dolphins, Amazon pink dolphins are considered the most intelligent of them, with a brain capacity 40% larger than that of humans. Pink dolphins inhabit the Amazon River, but they can also be found in the Orinoco basins and the upper Madeira River as well. While they are mostly pink, these dolphins have various colored skins, which can be light gray, pink, or brown. The Amazon River pink dolphins conform the largest population of river dolphins in existence as the other four species are functionally extinct or close to extinction. The river dolphins are among the most endangered species of all the world's cetaceans. Pink dolphins have been listed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as a “vulnerable species-threatened” and recently was moved to “endangered species-threatened” These friendly and social creatures have been living for centuries in the Amazon and its tributaries, but the accelerated destruction of the Amazon basin have put them in a every time more dangerous situation. The raise in contaminant levels of mercury have caused and increased number of deaths among pink dolphins, especially near gold mines where mercury is used as part of the gold mining process. The increase of traffic in the Amazon River, also threatens these creatures as they are curious by nature and they sometime approach to vessels where they are easily hurt by the sharp propellers.

What do Pink Dolphins Eat? Pink dolphins eat crabs. The Amazon River dolphin is between six and eight feet long. In the Amazon Region. they changes shape and impregnate them. due to navigating muddy waters. River dolphins are typically smaller than sea dolphins but they have longer snouts. and weighs between 185 and 355 pounds when it is fully grown. River dolphins also tend to have more pointy teeth than sea dolphins. pink dolphins get pinker when they are excited or surprised.Additionally.. where they round a fish pod to concentrate fish and take turns for feeding. There is a legend about the Boto or Pink Dolphin. changing shape at will. but their brains are extremely large and well developed. catfish. Most species of river dolphins are almost blind. an adaptation provided by evolution. which is needed to hunt at the bottom of the river. According to the legend. This comes from the similarites between certain body parts of the Boto and humans. has been considered to produce a disorienting phenomenon in their navigations systems. It could be an adaptation to the river life or caused by the presence of capillaries near the surface of the skin what provide them such impressive color. Unlike sea dolphins. This procedure is largely used by their oceanic cousins. The boto cervical vertebrae are not fused allowing them to move their head up to 180 degrees. There are several other superstitions about the Pink Dolphins in the Amazon River and around. pink dolphins spend a lot of time while swimming looking at the bottom of the river for food. causing the death of many pink dolphins. which is a great help for hunting in shallow waters and floodplains. resembling blushing in humans.. the noise produced by engines and motors and the sound pollution caused by them. river dolphins have what resembles fingers on the ends of their flippers. The legend also states that when dolphins find young women on the shore. the Boto turns from man to dolphin and backwards. As crabs and turtles have to be catch mainly at the bottom of the river. and . Hunting fish require some techniques like herding. Additionally. small river fish and even small turtles. Physical Description of Pink Dolphins Pink dolphins can be found in pink. however pink dolphins are considered to have a relatively good sight. light gray or brown colors but there is not conclusive evidence of the reason why pink dolphins are pink.

http://www. Pink dolphins deliver their babies when the Amazon River is at its high between the months of May and Copulation is performed between males and females belly to belly. 108 governmental agencies and more than 10. although they usually swim slowly looking for food at the bottom of the river. also known as Boto..dolphins-world. Pink Dolphin Conservation The World Conservation Union. They swim up to 30 kilometers in one day. How do Pink Dolphins Reproduce? Males and Females mate to start a gestation period which is believed to last from nine to twelve months.their dorsal fins are much smaller than that of sea dolphins or even have humpbacks instead of dorsal fins like the pink river dolphin. The IUCN publishes a red list of threatened species which is a reference in the field and the base for conservation of species. are freshwater dolphins who live in the Amazon ..html Where do pink dolphins live? The Pink river dolphins." Behavior of Pink Dolphins Pink dolphins appear to be the friendliest of all the river dolphins when approaching to humans and some stories of people being pushed to the shores by them are common among some tribes in the Amazon. devoted to the conservation of natural resources. Calves are born about 75 cm long and weighing a bit more than 1 Kg.000 scientists and experts from countries around the world. an adaptation provided by evolution. also known as International Union for the conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization based in Gland. Switzerland. It was founded in 1948 and groups 83 states. "Amazon River Pink Dolphins are typically smaller than sea dolphins but they have longer snouts.

Pink Dolphins move around these rivers to every place where they can reach without going to the ocean. causing a raise in the pollution and the accidental killing. and the information provided is for bottlenose dolphins and some other similar species.dolphins-world. http://www. The life span of dolphin varies from species to species. it has been proved that some dolphins have reached the age of 48. the damming and pluvial projects have damaged their habitat taking them inevitably to a slow dead.river and the Orinoco River systems which include several countries in South America. They have become endangered because the increase of population in the basins of these two rivers. However. the life span of a dolphin is up to 20 years old.html How do pink river dolphins reproduce? Reproduction in pink river dolphins start when a couple of dolphins mate to start the gestation period. Pollution of the oceans which cause the death of dolphins. Sound pollution as well. What is the lifespan of a dolphin? According to some marine biologists that have studied dolphins.dolphins-world. What does it take to rescue dolphins? The first and most important issue is to reduce the risk which dolphins face daily caused by humans which are: 1. therefore giving birth between May and July when the water in the Amazon is at its highest.dolphins-world.html Why are pink river dolphins endangered? Pink river dolphins live in the main rivers of the Amazon river and the Orinoco river in South America. http://www. This period can take from nine to twelve months when mothers give birth to the baby dolphin Pink river dolphins reproduce at the end of October to the beginning of November. .

Accidental deaths in fishing nets. calves are close to their mothers for the same reason. http://www. Stop killing for commercial purposes.3. In case of Additionally the most important activity that can be done to rescue dolphins is educate people about the threats that dolphins are facing today.html http://www. .html Why baby dolphins swim so close to their mother? One of the characteristics shared by most mammals is that they take care of their babies while they are young to teach them the necessary skills to get their food. 4.dolphins-world. they keep their babies close for protection. http://www. to protect them from predators and to teach them how to hunt their food.