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In this photo from a footage of a live camera released by Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO), black smoke billows from the crippled Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Plant in Okumamachi, northeastern Japan, on March 22, 2011. (AP Photo) PARIS (Kyodo) -- The amount of radioactive cesium-137 that flowed into the Pacific after the start of Japan's nuclear crisis was probably nearly 30 times the amount stated by Tokyo Electric Power Co. in May, according to a recent report by a French research institute. The Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety said the amount of the isotope that flowed into the ocean from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant between March 21 and mid-July reached an estimated 27.1 quadrillion becquerels. A quadrillion is equivalent to 1,000 trillion. Of the amount, 82 percent had flowed into the sea by April 8, according to the study, which noted that the amount released as a result of the disaster triggered by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami was unprecedented. The report also said the Pacific was polluted at an exceptional speed because the plant stands in a coastal area with strong currents, though it said the impact of the contamination on marine life in remote waters is likely to wane from autumn. But the institute warned that a significant degree of pollution would remain in waters off the coast of Fukushima Prefecture, northeast of Tokyo. Radioactive cesium-137 has a half life of around 30 years. (Mainichi Japan) October 29, 2011
Gov't should thoroughly explain health risks from internal radiation exposure through food
The Japanese government is required to thoroughly explain health risks from overall radiation exposure to the public and ensure that food products are measured for radiation now that the Food Safety Commission (FSC) has shown its safety standards on internal radiation exposure through foods. In a report it submitted to the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry on Oct. 28, the FSC explained that if lifetime cumulative exposure to radiation exceeds roughly 100 millisieverts, excluding natural radiation, it will adversely affect human health. Based on that report, the ministry will set upper limits on radiation for each type of food product. The problem is the interpretation of the 100 millisievert upper limit. When it released an initial draft of the report in July, the FSC explained that 100 millisieverts refers to the upper limit on the total
amount of overall radiation exposure, both internal and external. However, the report submitted to the ministry limits it to internal exposure through food. The report has raised questions as to whether the upper limit on internal radiation exposure through food should remain at 100 millisieverts or should be lowered if the amount of external radiation exposure is high. The FSC has declined to answer this question on the grounds that the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry or other government organizations in charge should decide on the matter. The FSC apparently believes that it should stick to its mission of evaluating risks involving food. However, the government should stop such sectionalism and evaluate risks of overall radiation exposure as what members of the public want to know is how their health is affected by both internal and external radiation exposure. The current regulations on food safety set the upper limit on exposure to radioactive cesium at 5 millisieverts per year. However, since this is a provisional limit set following the accident at the tsunami-hit Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Plant, it is an urgent task for the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry to set stricter standards. In doing so, the ministry should thoroughly explain the basis for the new standards, including health risks involving external radiation exposure and internal exposure to less than 100 millisieverts, in an effort to convince the public. The FSC report suggests that children are more vulnerable to radiation than adults. However, as it is unrealistic to set separate upper limits for children and adults, it is necessary to set a figure that can protect the health of children as the upper limit on all citizens. But even if a stricter upper limit is set, it alone cannot eliminate consumers' anxieties as long as they do not know how much radiation they have been exposed to through food. Sample surveys on food that national and local governments are currently conducting are far from sufficient. In order to protect the health of citizens and relieve their concerns and mental stress, central and local governments should conduct more thorough and detailed measurements of radiation contained in food. Such measurements should cover a wider diversity of food products, as fish and other marine products could later turn out to be contaminated with radiation as a result of bioaccumulation. University of Tokyo professor Ryugo Hayano has proposed that the amount of radioactive cesium contained in school lunches should be measured and that the results be released on a daily basis. Tatsuhiko Kodama, professor at the same university, has suggested that all food products should be measured for radiation using belt-conveyer-style measurement devices. A growing number of retailers and citizens are voluntarily measuring food products for radiation. The national and local government should actively support these moves. If the current situation continues, consumers' concerns about food safety cannot be eliminated even if the actual radiation levels remain low. Click here for the original Japanese story (Mainichi Japan) October 29, 2011
Another radioactive spot not related to Fukushima Alarm has been voiced by residents of Setagaya Ward in Tokyo who live near highly radioactive spots that are not related to the nuclear disaster in Fukushima. The science ministry carried out a close check in response to a report from local residents about a highly radioactive spot at the parking lot of a supermarket in Hachimanyama, Setagaya.
The ministry reported detecting radiation of up to 170 microsieverts per hour at a height of 1 meter above the ground. It says the level of radiation was detected at 2 spots, one at the parking lot covered with asphalt and the other at a sidewalk. The ministry suspects radioactive material underneath the asphalt caused the reading, but that it is unrelated to the nuclear disaster in Fukushima. The ministry says it will have the asphalt torn off to determine the material and then remove it. While officials from the science ministry were measuring the level of radiation in the area on Friday, a woman passer-by said it worries her because her child goes to a junior high school nearby. She said she wants to get accurate information as soon as possible. Two weeks ago, radiation of up to 2.707 microsieverts per hour was observed at another spot in Setagaya Ward. Officials determined the source of radiation to be jars contained in a wooden box under the floor of a vacant house. Analysis showed the radioactive material may be radium 226, which is used for cancer treatment and fluorescent paint. Saturday, October 29, 2011 14:39 +0900 (JST) http://www3.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/society.html http://fukushima-diary.com/2011/10/204-new-fuel-rods-turned-out-to-be-in-the-spent-fuel-pool-atreactor-4/#comments MADE BY T.MORIYA, 2011,Oct.20
VHF 電磁波の地震エコー観測からふたたびＭ９地震が発生する可能性が高まっているこ とをお知らせします．2011 年 3 月 11 日の 東北地方太平洋沖地震の前に 8 か月ほどさかの ぼる 2010 年 6 月 27 日からえりも観測点において 89.9MHz のチャンネルに地震エコーが観 測 され始めました．この周波数は北海道東部中標津局の周波数ですが他の複数の観測点 における監視から中標津局からの地震 エコーではないことが確認されました．同じ周波 数の局は葛巻，種市，輪島，神戸などにありますが地震エコーの振幅が小さく （-100 ～-110dB から 3-4dB 上昇する)音声信号にならないのでどの局からかは不明ですが，おそ らく東北地方の葛巻と種市の 可能性が強いと考えられます． この地震エコーは 8 ヶ月続 き，2011 年 1 月には弱くなりついに 3 月 07 日の M7.3 の前震が発生後 M9.0 が発生しまし た．M7.3 が前震 であることは，これに続く余震群の b 値が 0.5 程度で極端に小さいこと で判りました．しかし確認作業中に M9 は発生しました． 地震エコーの総継続時間は 20 万分を越えて M8 以上の可能性がありました．図は 2010 年 01 月 01 日からの地震エコーの 日別継続 時間です．横軸は 2010 年 01 月 01 日からの月日，縦軸は 1 日毎の地震エコーの 継続時間（分）です． M9.0 の発生後，地震エコーの活動は弱かったのですが，いわきの 地震 M7.0 が発生したころから再び活性化し始めま した．そして現在まで昨年後半に観測 された状況と良く似た経過をたどっています．地震エコーの総継続時間は 16 万分に到 達 しました．もしもこのまま 3 月 11 日の地震の前と同じ経過をたどるとすれば，再び M9 ク
ラスの地震が発生すると推定されます． 震央は宮城県南部沖から茨城県沖の日本海溝南 部付近であろうと考えられます．震源メカニズムが正断層である場合には 海底地殻上下 変動が大きいので津波の振幅が大きく巨大津波になる可能性も考えられます．発生時期は 12 月から 2012 年 01 月にかけて と考えられますが，地震エコーの衰弱からだけではピン ポイントでの予想は難しいと思われます．前震の発生や地震をトリガー する自然現象， つまり磁気嵐や地球潮汐の観測などを監視していくことも重要です． これからも VHF 地震エコーの観測を欠測しないように継続していき，できるだけ頻繁に更新していくつも りです．
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