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MODAL VERBS 11º Ano

Ano letivo 2011/2012

1.

Modal verbs are auxiliaries used to express some particular intention or meaning. The following verbs are modals: could, may, might, will, would, shall, must, ought.

a)

They have no infinitive or participle forms:

Must, can, shall, etc b) They take no s in the 3rd person singular:

She should study more. c) They form the negative and interrogative forms without do:

Can I give you a lift? d) They are followed by an infinitive without to:

You must buy a new coat You ought to accept the present.

2.

They express:

Ability can could

Permission can could may might

Deduction must can’t

Intention will

Prohibition can’t mustn’t

Request can could

Make offers shall (I) can (I) will

Possibility could may

Probability might

Suggestion shall (we)

Obligation should/ ought must

Advice should ought

PRACTICE: A. Fill in the gaps with can, can’t, must, mustn’t, have to or needn’t/don’t have to. 1. You ________ park the car in this area. 2. You ________ fasten your seat-belt.

request 3. Tomorrow is Saturday. My mother will ________ work till late. Tom. a. suggestion 10 2. duty 8. 1. My father ________ play tennis very 5. No. b. Parents should play with their children. b. . 4. can’t. probability j. h. . The weather forecast says it may rain today. prohibition 5.I’m sorry but you __________ speak loud in the library.I __________ play football today. can. d. Mum might give us some money for the party. You must deliver your homework by tomorrow. Can I open the window. . you mustn’t run in the corridors. advice . 6. may 3. C. John can speak French quite well. Match the functions with the modal verbs in the sentences below: 1. shall. so we ________ go to school.You ________ go by taxi. c. c. a. Will you help me with the homework? .Oh dear! I __________ understand his handwriting. well. obligation 9.3. d. d. i. . should 2. Do you ________ call your parents? weekend? 9. ________ I go camping with you this B. b. . I’ll give 8. possibility 7. Jane? c. You should care more about your health. Shall we go to the concert?. mustn’t. 7. can. may. 6. seeking permission . g. Peter ________ swim but his little sister. Choose the right modal verb to fit in the sentence. You ________ buy me a present. e. . 10. ability 4. 10. I twisted my ankle in the gym class. a. f.________ you a lift.

2. c. d. mightn’t 4. b. Everybody is obliged to behave well in class. You should reserve a table at the restaurant. Rephrase the following sentences using modal verbs. shall. c. It is likely that she is on holiday __________________________________________________________ 6. d. will. could. please? a.When I was a child I __________ run for hours without a break. b. __________________________________________________________ . Shall. Can’t 5. __________________________________________________________ 7. c. __________________________________________________________ 4. can’t. Refer to the italicised expressions and make all necessary changes 1. __________________________________________________________ 8.a. He had five A’s. a. a. Will. should. b. Should. d. You had better reserve a table at the restaurant. Ann has no ability to play any musical instruments. b. might D. Why don’t we go to the cinema tonight? _________________________________________________________ 3. __________________________________________________________ 5. can’t. c. shouldn’t. You aren’t allowed to smoke here. When she won the lottery she was able at last to buy her dream house. must. It is likely that the weather will change in the afternoon. can’t. may 6.__________ you pass me the sugar. d.John __________ be very proud of his marks.

Good work! .