You are on page 1of 5

HIST 360: Latinos in Modern America Melquis Reyes Fall 2011 Exam 2: The Caribbean Experience

Terms 1. ASPIRA vs. Board of Education of New York City Aspira was a social group formed and led by Antonia Pantoia in 1961. They were a group of Puerto Ricans who helped with legal defense and education funding for Puerto Ricans and other Latinos. In 1972 the Aspira of New York sued the board of Education of New York to obtain equal educational opportunity for children with limited English proficiency. This forced schools to implement bilingual studies in their schools. 2. Jose Marti Jose Marti was a Cuban patriot, freedom fighter and poet. With his dedication to his writings and his country he was able to bring awareness to the world on the Cuban revolution. He did everything he could to fight for the freedom of his country. He was exile for Cuba a few times but that didn’t stop him from fighting. He was born in 1953 I Havana and died in 1894 in an expedition to start a revolution in Cuba that failed. 3. Young Lords Party The Young Lords Party was a Puerto Rican nationalist group founded in 1969 in Chicago and latter expanded throughout the U.S. but mainly in

I can see. has a different view on their role in the United States. The experiences of these two Latino groups are also very similar with a few differences. Then as I walk out through those same doors I leave the Caribbean and enter back into the U. hear. They were a lot like the Black Panther Party. I can hear the music and the language all around me..S form the Caribbean.New York. Each generation within the Caribbean community in the U. Essay Question Every time I enter through the doors of my house I feel like I am leaving the United States and entering into the Caribbean where my parents were born and raised. The connection that these two Latino groups have to Cuba and the Dominican Republic while at the same time “assimilating” to U. The first generations. which are those who migrated from the Caribbean into the U. We can see this thru the different generation within the Caribbean community in the United States. They believe that the only way of doing that is to work hard and save up money and encourage their .S. I can also smell the delicious food that only a native can make.S. The group implemented different programs in the cities and established their own newspaper called Pa’lante. are focused on achieving a better life for them and their children.S.S. I can see photos and native artifacts of the islands.S society can help us understand this concept. The concept of “trans-nationalism” does help us understand the experience of Cubans and Dominicans living in the U. and smell the rich Caribbean culture. That is how it’s like for most people whose parents or them themselves have come to the U.

The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao. (New york: Penguin Group. We can see an example Aaron Matthews. This generation was raised with the stories of how their parents came and how hard it was in their country and even harder when they came. My American Girls.children to get the education that most of them have never gotten. They are very determined and goal oriented. 2007) 2 Aaron Matthews. The second generation is the first born of the first generation. We can see an example of this with the lives of Monica Ortiz and Lola two girls who were determined to finish school and to have a better life than what their parents had. 2001 Junot Diaz. We can see an example of this by looking at the life of Sandra Ortiz and Belicia Cabral.1 These two Dominican mothers worked two or more jobs and instilled the importance of education to their children. They conceder themselves as both American and Dominican or Cuban equally and assimilated to both as well. The first generation consider themselves Dominican or Cuban and just here until their children are set off to have a better life then what they had or until they have enough money saved to go back to their country and live better off then when they came to the United States. 2001 Junot Diaz. They create some distance between their family and their culture. (New york: Penguin Group. So they are not as focused and determined as their older sibling. They have the Caribbean culture inside of them but do not let that out often or in public.2 The last generations that I want to talk about are the siblings of the second generation. This generation has heard some stories of the struggles their parents have had but not as much as the second generation. They consider themselves American first and Dominican or Cuban second and assimilate more to American culture. They tend to be closer to their parents and family. So their focus is on educating themselves so that they can give their parents and the children they’ll be having the things they weren’t able to have. 2007) 1 . My American Girls. The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao.

The “myth of return” as Dr. The experiences of these two Latino groups are very similar but at the same time they have a few differences. as refuges and was given government support when they entered the country. My American Girls.S. Politics was a major reason why both groups immigrated to this country. The “myth of return” is that one day they will return or retire back to the Caribbean. Hernandez sated in his notes keep many Dominicans and Cubans connected to their country. 2001 Junot Diaz.3 Thru each of these generations we can get a better understanding of the experience of Dominicans and Cubans living in the U. The greatest difference between Dominicans and Cubans is that Cuban came to the U. Dominicans and Cubans have similar backgrounds. These two Latino groups have been able to stay connected to the Dominican Republic and Cuba in many ways. Communism was growing strong in both countries. The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao.of this by looking at the lives of Aida and Mayr Ortiz and Oscar. The have tried to reconstruct Cuba in a minor scale in the United States. The culture of the Caribbean is very rich in these ethnic enclaves and shows their strong connection to their homeland. surrounding area. An ethnic enclave is an ethnic community. which retains some cultural distinction from a larger. Little Havana in Miami FL is the most famous ethnic enclave for Cubans. that desire of wanting to go back keeps them connected.S. Aaron Matthews. So even though they are not in Cuba they can still have that feeling as if they were. 2007) 3 . (New york: Penguin Group. As we learned in class ethic enclave is one of the most important ways that these groups stay connected to their home country. as for Dominicans they were on there own and had to work much harder. Most of the reasons for the two groups coming to the United States are the same.

The different generation within the Caribbean community in the United States and the connection that these two Latino groups have to Cuba and the Dominican Republic while at the same time “assimilating” to U. As a son of a Dominican immigrant I never know how similar Cuban immigrants are to us. Up until this course I though that each Latino group were different. I knew that we had some similarities but I thought our differences were greater.S.S society helps us understand the experience of Dominicans and Cubans living in the U.S. thru the concept of “trans-nationalism”. . I know for a fact that the concept of “trans-nationalism” has helped me understand the experience of my own family here in the U.

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``Wc_ W^USZ ^_  aZ[`S W^WX[ZV^[a_ XW[X.041423.32..389.3/:-.707 8:774:3/3.8 800.38.38.9/087041.38..03.0841/.3/.3/.24:8093.38..39.0394:90.3#05:-.03.3423.3/:-..:9:7.90..730/3.-09907:3/0789.388420.07320398:554790390039070/ 90..7 %7:0.9430/.3/ 8.20920 90.8.87 073.0782.4239490&390/$9.08430 4190248925479.4330..8809.90709:734770970-.4198-443.0 147:-.034.74:3/8 48941 9070...709..89..:9:704190.08 423..

_US^S[ Wc [^ WZYaZ ^[a\  .

9908.9908094.943.3390& $ 97:90.041243 1.882.9439.8050/20:3/0789.7:-.3/:-.7908-:994:94:7/110703.93 94& $84..4:78094:9.3227...43.09058:8:3/0789.0807070.82 .93474:5070/1107039 309.0734482.0 41423.3.82 8 .38.3/ 90.7--0.84341.3930.3/90050703.908.05941 97.3/90423.43..2070390& $              .20920 .90..990 .3227.4330.422:39390&390/$9.90.3#05:-.9439390...38 3./ 842082.943.3/90050703.%0/11070390307..7094:8  &5:3998.423.094:-.907 34147.1.38.93474:58.38 3. 0.99.05941 97.398.